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VOLUME I. 



"HE THAT READETH LET HIM UNDERSTAND." 



EDITED AND PUBLISHED 



BY 



A. FARNHAM, SYDNEY, 

FROM AUGUST 1S53, TO APRIL 18SS. 



PREFACE. 



In presenting the first Volume of the " Watchman," it may not 
be improper for us to adopt the usual course, and address a few re- 
marks to our readers. 

We would assure the reader, that we did not take upon us the 
duties and responsibilities of conducting the Watchman, because that 
we were secularly educated, or practically qualified for the duties of 
an editor, neither was it to gratify our own personal ambition, but 
we were actually forced into our present position by the press in these 
colonies, who were continually inserting articles against the character 
and doctrines of the saints, and uniformly refused to insert a reply 
except as an advertisement, for which they charged an exorbitant 
fee ; but as there was no one willing to stand forth, for truth and 
righteousness, we felt it to be our bounden duty, according to our office 
and calling, to stand on the Lord's side against the mighty. 

It was not the position of being on the Lord's side, but the duties 
that now devolved upon us, in that position that were new to us, 
we bad for years been on the Lord's side, and our past duties were of 
physical nature, for these we had been qualified at the various bran- 
ches of mechanicism. For our new sphere, we had little or no quali- 
fication, save that which should be imparted unto us, through the in- 
spiration of the spirit of the Almighty whose servant we are. 

The above will be a sufficient apology for any errors committed 
in conducting the Watchman. 

We have had to struggle under pecuniary difficulties, which has 
caused some irregularities in the appearance and continuation of 
the Watchman, beyond the usual limits of a Vol. 

Our duties calling for our frequent absence from Sydney, we felt 
it necessary to call Elder J. Jones to our assistance as Sub-Editor. 

We feel thankful to our Heavenly Father, for the assistance given 
unto us, through His spirit in the discharge of our duties, and also 
for the good that it has been instrumental in accomplishing, and pray 
that His blessing may continue to attend it, and although many may 
detect many errors in the " Watchman," yet considering what are 
our amazement, is that there are so few. The praise is not ours but 
Ged's, to whom be glory and honor now and forever more. Amen. 

Editor. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

CSuic!) ot m^nsi ew^t of itatter Bay ^amtsi, 

IN SYDNEY. 



No. 1. SATURDAY, AUGUST 13, 1853. Vol. I. 



PROSPECTUS OF 
THE ^^ZION'S WATCHMAN." 



" The Law of the Lord is perfect, converting the Soiil : 
The testimony of the Lord is sure, 
Making wise the Simple.'' — 19 Psalm, 7 v. 

To the Saints and all the friends of Tkuth. The "Zion's Watchman" 
we intend to issue monthly. We would say to the friends of truth^ 
who wish to subscribe for the "Watchmaw," that we design to pur- 
sue a course which will shew the difference between the error which 
has often been published by the Periodicals of the day, and the truth 
as it exists with the Saints of God ; — which truths have been reveal- 
ed from heaven by the Angels of the Lord to the Prophet Joseph 
Smith, and which truths are still being revealed to the servants of 
God, who still hold the power of the Holy Melchisedic Priesthood 
upon the earth at the present day, and are authorised to administer 
in its ordinances according to the Law of the Holy Priesthood, which 
is withouth father, without ib other, without descent, having neither 
beginning of days nor end of life, but made like unto the Son of God 
— abideth a Priest continually. Peter like, we judge between the 
truth and error, and as the Apostles and Elders, by the gift of the 
Holy Spirit of truth as it is in Christ Jesus ; — behold the darkness 
that rests upon the minds of the people, we as Elders being clothed 
with said Priesthood, are deeply impressed with the necessity of dis- 
charging the duty laid upon us by the aforesaid authority, to warn 
the inhabitants of the earth to repent of their sins, to be baptized for 
the remission of the same, and to have hands laid on them for the 
gift of the Holy Ghost. That you with us may become the heirs of 
God and joint heirs with Jesus Christ in the kingdom of God, and 
be redeemed from your sins, and receive salvation thro' the princi- 
ples of the everlasting gospel as preached by the Prophets and Apos- 
tles ever since the world began, and ever will be by all who Ikivc 
authority to preach the Gospel of Christ. Who have the authority to 
preach the Gospel of Christ '? no person except they have been called 
of God as was Aaron. How shall they preach except they be sent of 
God? Now we have not received the spirit of the world but the 



spirit which is of God, tlrat we might know tlie things tliat are freeiy 
given us of God, which things also we speak not in the words which 
man's wisdom teacheth, hut which the Holy Ghost teacheth, com- 
paring spiritual things with spiritual. But the natural man rccciveth 
not the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness unto him, 
neither can he know them because they are spiritually discerned. 



DESERET AND THE LATTER-DAY SAINTS. 

Extract from Stanshury the Government Surveyors Expedition to the 

Great Salt Lake. 

The provisional State Government, with all the machinery of execu- 
tive, legislative, and judicial functionaries, was in regular and har- 
monious action, under the constitution recently adopted. The juris- 
diction of the "State of Deseret" had been extended over, and was 
vigorously enforced upon, all who came within its borders, and justice 
was equitably alike to " Saint" and "Gentile" — as they term all who 
are not of their persuasion. Of the truth of this, as far at least as the 
Gentiles were concerned, I soon had convincing proof, by finding, one 
line morning, some twenty of our mules safely secured in the i)ublic 
pound, for trespass upon the cornfield of some pious Saint ; possession 
was recovered only by paying the fine imposed by the magistrate and 
amply remunerating the owner for damage done to his crops. 
These courts were constantly appealed to by companies of passing 
emigrants, w^lio having fallen out by the way, could not agree upon 
the division of their property. The decisions were remarkable for 
fairness and impartiality ; and if not submitted to, were sternly en- 
forced by the w hole power of the community. Appeals for protection 
from oppression, by those passing through their midst, were not made 
in vain; and I know of at least one instance in which the marshal of 
the State was despatched, with an adequate force, nearly tw o hundred 
miles into the western desert, in pursuit of some miscreants who had 
stolen ofi' with nearly the wiiole outfit of a pary of emigrants. He 
pursued and brought them back to the city, and the plundered proper- 
ty w as restored to its rightful owner. 

While however, there are all the exterior evidence of a government 
strictly temporal,it cannot be concealed that it is so intimately blend- 
ed with the spiritual administration of the Church, that it w ould be 
impossible to separate the one from the other.* The first civil gover- 
nor under the constitution of the new State, elected by the people, w as 
the president of the Church, Brigham Young ; the Lieutenant Gover- 
noi*was his first ecclesiastical Counsellor, and the Secretary of State, 

* However "intimately blended" the civil government of the State or Territory, 
and the ecclesiastical government of the Church, may appear, they are in reality en- 
entirely separate and distinct from each other. — Ed. 



his second Coiuicellor : these three indiviilaals forming together the 
"Presidency" of the Chnrch. The Bishops of the several wards, who 
by virtue of their office in the Church, had exercised not only a spiri- 
tual, but temporal authority over the several districts assigned to tiieir 
charge, were appointed, under the civil organization, to be justices of 
the peace, and were supported in the discharge of their duties, not 
only by the civil power, but by the whole spiritual authority of the 
Church also. This intimate connection of Church and State seems 
to prevade every thing that is done. The supreme power in both 
being lodged in the hands of the same individuals, it is difficult to 
separate their two official characters, and to determine whether in 
any one instance they act as spiritual or merely temporal officers. 

The establishment of a civil government at all, seems to me to 
have been altogether the result of a foreseen necessity, which it was 
impossible to avoid. As the community grew in numbers and im- 
portance, it was not to be expe<!ted, as has been before remarked, 
that the wliole population would always consist solely of members of 
the Church looking up to the Presidency, not only as its spiritual 
head, but as the divinely commissioned and inspired source of law^ in 
temporal matters and policy also. It became necessary, therefore, to 
provide for the government of the whole, by establishing some au~ 
thority which could not be disputed by any, and would exercise a 
control over them as citizens, whether they were members of the 
Church or not ; and which, being acknowledged and recognized by 
the government of the United States, w ould be supported by its laws, 
and upheld by its authority. The civil government, therefore, was 
wholly precautionary, and only for such Gentiles as might settle 
among them, the power and authority of the Church over its members 
being amply sufficient where they alone were concerned. In the 
organization of the civil government, nothing could be more natural 
than that, the whole people being of one faith, they should choose for 
functionaries to carry it into execution, those to whom they had been 
in the habit of defferring as their inspired guides, and by whom they 
had been led from a land of persecution into this far-off wilderness, 
which, under their lead, was already beginning to blossom like the 
rose. Hence came the insensible blending of the two autliorities, the 
principal functionaries of the one holding the same relative position 
under the other. Thus the Bishop in case of a dispute between two 
members of the Church, would interpose his spiritual authority as 
Bishop for its adjustment, while in differences between those not 
subject to the spiritual jurisdiction, and who could not be made 
ameanable to Church discipline, he would act in the magisterial ca- 
pacity conferred upon him by the constitution and civil laws of the 
State. Thus the control of the affairs of the colony remained in the 
same hands, whether under Church or state organization, and these 
hands were, in a double capacity, those into which the constituents 



had, whetlier as citizens or as Church members, themselves chosen to 
contide it. 

The revenue of the new State seemed to partake of the same 
double character ; the treasures of the Church being freely devoted, 
when necessary, to the promotion of the temporal prosperity of the 
body politic. These are derived from a system of tithing, similar to 
that of the ancient Israelites. Each person, upon profession of his 
faith, aad consequent reception into the bosom of the Church, is re- 
quired to pay into "the treasury of the Lord" one tenth of all that he 
l)ossesses ; after which he pays a tenth of the yearly increase of his 
goods, and in addition contributes one tenth of is time,* ^yhich is 
devoted to labour on the public works, such as roads, bridges, irri- 
gating canals, or such other objects as the authorities may direct. 
The whole amount thus collected goes into the coffers of the Church, 
and is exacted only from its members. A tax is also laid upon pro- 
perty, as with us, which is levied upon all, both "Saint" and Gentile, 
and which constitutes the revenue of the civil government. All goods 
brought into the city pay as the price of a license, a duty of one per 
cent., except spirituous liquors, for which one-half at which they are 
sold is demanded ; the object of this last impost being avowedly to 
discourage the introduction of that article among them. It has, in- 
deed, operated to a great extent as a prohibition, the importer, to 
save himself from loss, having to double the price at which he could 
otherwise have afforded to sell. The result of this policy was, when 
we were there, to bring up the price of brandy to twelve dollars per 
gallon, of which the authorities took six ; and of whisky to eight 
dolhirs, of which they collected four dollars. The circulating medium 
is principally gold of their own coinage, and such foreign gold as is 
brought in by converts from Europe. 

Notwithstanding this heavy, and as it would be to us, insupportable 
burden upon industry and enterprise, nothing can exceed the appear- 
ance of prosperity, peaceful harmony, and cheerful contentment that 
prevaded the whole community. Ever since the first year of privation 
pro\ isions have been abundant, and want of the necessaries and even 
comforts of life is a thing unknown. A design was at one time en- 
tertained (more, I believe, as a prospective measure than anything 
else,) to set apart a fund for the purpose of erecting a poor-house ; 
but after strict inquiry, it was found that there were in the whole po- 
pulation but two persons who could be considered as objects of pub- 
lic charity, and the plan was consequently abandoned. 

This happy external state, of universally diffused prosperity, is com- 
mented on by themselves, as an evidence of the smiles of Heaven, and 
of the sjwcial favour of the Diety : but I think it may be most clearly 

* By the author's representation here, the reader will conclude that one-fifth of the 
increase of the Latter-day Saints is annually required as tithing. This representation is 
incorrect, as one-tenth only is required annually by the law of tithing, whether paid in 
labour, money, property, or produce Ed. 



accounted for in the admirable discipline, and ready obedience to a 
large body of industrious and intelligent men, and in the wise councils 
of prudent and sagacious leaders, producing a oneness and concentra- 
tion of action, the result of Avhich has astonished ev en those by whom 
it had been effected. The happy consequence of this system of 
united and well-directed action, under one leading and controlling 
mind, is most prominently apparent in the erection of public buildings, 
opening of roads, the construction of bridges, and the preparation of 
the country for the speedy occupation of a large and rapidly-growing 
population, shortly to be still further augmented by an immigration 
even now on their way from almost every country in Europe. 

Upon the personal character of the leader of this singular people, 
it may not, perhaps, be proper for me to comment in a communica- 
tion like the present. I may, nevertheless, be pardoned for saying, 
that to me. President Young appeared to be a man of clear, sound 
sense, fully alive to the responsibilities of the station he occupies, 
sincerely devoted to the good name and interests of the people over 
which he presides, sensitively jealous of the least attempt to under- 
value or misrepresent them, and indefatigable in divising ways and 
means for their moral, mental, and physical elevation. He appeared 
to possess the unlimited personal and official confidence of his people ; 
while both he and his two Councellors, forming the Presidency of the 
Church, seemed to have but one object in view- the prosperity and 
peace of the society over w hich they presided. 

In their dealings w ith crowds of emmigrants that passed through 
their city, the Mormons were very fair and upright, taking no ad- 
vantage of the necessitous condition of many, if not most of them. 
They sold them such provisions as they could spare, at moderate 
prices, and such as they themselves paid in their dealings with each 
other. In the whole of our intercourse with them, which lasted 
rather more than a year, I cannot refer to a single instance of fraud 
or extortion to which any of the party were subjected ; and I strongly 
incline to the opinion that the charges that have been preferred against 
them in this respect, arose either from interested misrepresentation or 
erroneous information. I certainly never experienced anything like 
it in my own case, nor did I witness or hear of any instance of it in 
the case of others, while I resided among them. Too many that 
passed through their settlement were disposed to disregard their 
claim to the land they occupied ; to ridicule the municipal regulations 
ot their city, and to trespass wantonly upon their rights. Such 
offenders w ere promptly arrested by the authorities, made to pay a 
severe fine, and in some instances w;ere imprisoned, or made to labour 
on the public works ; a punishment richly merited, and which would 
have been inflicted on them in any civilized community. In short, 
these people presented the appearance of a quiet, orderly, industrious, 
and well organized society, as much so as one ^vould meet with in 
any city of the Union, having the rights of personal property as per- 
fectly defined and as religiously respected as with ourselves, nothing 



being father from tlieir faith or practice than the spirit of communism, 
which has been most erroneously supposed to prevail among them. 
The main peculiarity of the people consists in their religious tenets, 
the form and extent of the Church government (which is a theocracy), 
and in the nature especially of their domestic relations. 

Upon the action of the Executive in the appointment of the officers 
within the newly-created Territory, it does not become me to offer 
other than a very different opinon. Yet the opportunities of informa- 
tion to which allusion has akeady been made, may perhaps justify 
me in presenting the result of my owne observations upon this subject. 
With all due deference, then, I feel constrained to say that in my 
opinion the appointment of the President of the Mormon Church, and 
head of the Mormon community, in preference to any other person to 
the higli office of Governor of the Territory, independent of its political 
bearings, with which I have nothing to do, was a measure dictated 
alike by justice and by sound policy. Intimately connected with 
them from their exodus from Illinois, this man has been their Mosesr, 
leading them through the wilderness to a remote and unknown land, 
where they have since set up tlieir tabernacle, and wliere they are 
now building their Temple. Resolute in danger, firm and sagacious 
in council, prompt and energetic in emergency, and enthusiastically 
devoted to the honor and interests of his people, he had won their 
unlimited confidence, esteem, and veneration, and held an unrivalled 
place in their hearts. Upon the establishment of the provisional 
government, he had been unanimously chosen as their highest civil 
magistrate, and even before his appointment by the President, he 
combined in his own person the triple character of confidential ad- 
viser, temporal ruler and Prophet of God. Intimately acquainted with 
their character, capacity, wants, and weakness ; identified now with 
their prosperity, as he had formerly shared to the full in their adver- 
sity and sorrows ; honored, trusted, the w hole wealth of the commun:*- 
ty placed in his hands, for the advancement both of the spiritual and 
temporal interests of the infant settlement, he was surely of all others 
the man best fitted to preside, under the auspices of the general go- 
vernment, over a colony of which he may justly be said to be the 
founder. No other man could have so entirely secured the confidence 
of the people ; and this selection by the Executive of the man of 
their choice, besides being highly gratifying to them, is recognised 
as an assurance that they shall hereafter receive, at the hands of the 
general government, that justice and consideration to which they are 
entitled. Their confident hope now is that, no longer fugitives and 
out-laws, but dwelling beneath the broad shadow of the national 
fBgis, they will be subject no more to the violence and outrage which 
drove them to seek a secure habitation in this far distant wilder- 
ness. 



CONSISTENCY AGAINST THE S. M. HEJIALD. 

The " Sydney Morning Herald " some time ago published an 
article in reference to Mormonism, which at that time we did not 
deem worthy of notice. But that the public may see the unscrupu- 
lous manner in which principles are attacked, and the entire disre- 
gard to truth and justice that characterize these upholders of human 
institutions, we have determined to publish the following letter, sent 
through the post by one of our members, addressed to the Editors of 
the "Sydney Morning Herald," which their sense of justice and 
truth did not dispose them to publish. Mens' characters can be 
blasted, institutions condemned, not by reason or scripture, but vitu- 
peration. The cause which requires such support must be rotten at 
the core. We observed an article in the last number of the "Chris- 
tian Herald," in reference to G. J. Adams, who has not been con- 
nected with the Church since 1846. We would just remind the 
public that the Doctrines of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints are either true or false, independent of the character of 
any individual. We would take the present opportunity to inform 
the conductors of the " Christian Herald," and all whom it may 
interest, that, that which the world calls Mormonism has a foundation 
or first principle. If these are true all the bad men in the world can- 
not make them false, and if false the characters of all the good men 
in the world cannot make them true. These principles are, 1st — 
Faith in God and in His Son Jesus Christ ; 2M — Repentance ; 3rd 
— Baptism in water for the remissioa of sins; 4th — Laying 
on of hands for the Baptism of the Spirit, or the Gift of the Holy 
Ghost. We would once more observe that if these principles are 
true whatever Mormonism may,Presbyterianismmust be wrong — not 
because any of its ministers do wrong, or because any bad men are 
identified with it, but because it is not founded on true principle ; and 
we now bear our testimony that we know these principles to be true, 
and we call upon all men every where to believe the gospel, to re- 
pent of their sins and to be baptised by the servants of God for the 
remission of their sins, that they may receive the gift of the Holy 
Ghost — for the promise is unto you and to your children, and to all 
that are afar ofi\ even as many as the Lord our God shall call. 
To THE Editors of the " Sydney Morning Herald." 

Gentlemen, — In your issue of Thursday, the 22nd instant, you 
published as an English extract, an article purporting to be copied 
from the " Swansea Herald, " headed Mormonism in Operation. 
I think had you reflected upon the article in question its inconsistency 
would have been so apparent, that if anything else could have been 
found to fill up it would not have found a place. 

But having sent it forth to the public — if you are actuated by the 
spirit expressed in your motto you will readily give place to a few 
remarks showing its falsity. 

The context of said article associates it with the present presidency 
and location of the Saints « This being the case I would ask yoii, 



Gentlemen, is tliere a St. Louis in the Utah territory? is there an 
Illinois there'? If not, how came he among the Mormons in the State 
of Illinois ? Who were they ? what were the name of the authori- 
ties referred to? The world knows that the Saints were driven from 
Nauvoo, Illinois, in 1845 ; at that they settled at the Great Salt 
Lake in 1848, were they still continue to build up the Kingdom of 
God, and to prepare for the ingathering of the Saints who are mak- 
ing a covenant with the Lord by sacrifice in the East, West, North and 
South. If this man was en route for the Great Salt Lake, how came 
he to go to Illinois, and having stopped there, pray how could he be 
an eye witness of Mormonism in operation. 

And as to the allusion to the case of the Judges, it is now noto- 
rious that the Committee appointed by Congress to investigate the 
case refused to make a report, and that President Filmore nominated 
two of the principle office-bearers in the Church to fill the vacancies. 

I am. Gentlemen, Yours, &c., 

June, 29. JOHN JONES. 



SELECT POETRY. 



Watchman ! tell us of the night, 

What die signs of promise are ; 
Traveller! o'er yon mountains height 

See that glory beaming star : 
Watchman ! does its beautious ray 

Aught of hope or joy foretell ? 
Traveller ! yes ; it brings the day, 

Promis'd day of Israel. 
Watchman ! tell us of the night, 

Higher yet that star ascends ; 
Traveller ! blessedness and light, 
Peace and truth its course prot3nds : 



Watchman ! will its beam alone 

Gild the spot that gave them birth ? 

Traveller ! ages are its own, 
See, it bursts o'er all the earth. 
Watchman ! tell us of the night. 

For the morning seems to dawn ; 
Traveller ! darkness takes its flight, 

Doubt and terror are withdrawn ; 
Watchman ! let thy wanderings cease : 

Hie thee to thy quiet home? 
Traveller ! lo ! the Prince of Peace 

Lo ! the son of God is come. 



NOTICES. 

Persons desirous of becoming Subscribers for the " Zion's Watch- 
man " can give in their Names and Subscriptions (Price Sd. per No.) 
to 

Elder Augustus Farnham, 12, Parramatta-street, Sydney. 

William Robb, George-street, Sydney. 

William Hyde, Hunter River District. 

Charles Stapely, Williams River. 

John McCarthy, Hunter River District. 

Burr Frost, Melbourne. 

Absalani P. Dowdle, Adelaide. 

Joshiah W. Fleming, Camden. 

John S. Eldrido-e. 



Edited and Published by A. Farnham, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

IN SYDNEY. 



Nos. 2-3. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1853. Vol. I. 



A SERMON ON 

PLURALITY OF WIVES, 

Delitered in the Tabernacle at Great Suit Lake, August 29tk, 1852, at 10 
a. m., bi/ Orson Pratt, one of the twelve Apostels of the Church of Jesui 
Christ of Latter-day Saints. 
It is well known to the congregation before me, that the Latter Day 
Saints have embraced the doctrine of a plurality of wives, as a part of 
their religious faith. It is not, as many have supposed, a doctrine 
embraced by them to gratify the carnal lusts and feelings of man ; that 
is not the object of the doctrine. 

We shall endeavour to set forth before this enlightened assembly, 
some of the causes why the Almighty has revealed such a doctrine, 
and why it is considered a part and portion of our religious faith. 
And I believe that they will not, under our present form of govern- 
ment, ( I mean the government of the United States,) try us for 
treason for believing and practising our religious notions and ideas. 
I think if I am not mistaken, that the constitution gives the privilege 
to all the inhabitants of this country, of the free exercise of their re- 
ligious notions, and the fredom of their faith, and the practice of it. 
Then it can be proven to a demonstration, that the Latter Day Saints 
have actually embraced, as a part and portion of their religion, the 
doctrine of a plurality of wives, it is constitutional. And should 
there ever be laws enacted by this government to restrict them from 
the free exercise of this part of their religion, such laws must be un- 
constitutional. 

But, says the objector, we cannot see how this doctrine can be em- 
braced as a matter of religion and faith ; we can hardly conceive how 
it can be embraced only as a kind of domestic concern, something that 
pertains to domestic pleasures, in no way connected with religion. In 
reply we will show you that it is incorporated as a part of our religion, 
and necessary for our exortation to the fulness of the Lord's glory in 
the eternal world. Would you like to know the reasons ? Before we 
get through, we will endeavour to tell you why we consider it an es- 
sential doctrine to glory and exaltation, to our fulness of happiness in 
the world to come. 

We will first make a few preliminary remarks in regard to the ex- 
istance of man, — to his first existance in his first estate ; and then 
say something in relation to his present state, and the bearing which 
in has upon his next or future state. 



10 

Tlie Mormons have a peculiar doctrine in regard to our prc-existencc, 
different from the views of the christian world, so called, who do not 
believe that man had a pre-existence. It is believed by the religious 
world, that man, both body and spirit, begins to live about Ihe time 
that he is born into this world or a little before ; that then is the be- 
ginning of life. — They believe, that the Lord, by a direct act of cre- 
ation, formed, in the first place, man out of the dust of the ground; 
and they believe that man is possessed of both body and spirit, by the 
union of which he became a living creature. Suppose we admit this 
doctrine concerning the formation of the body from the dust ; then 
how was the spirit formed ? Why, says one, w^e suppose it was made 
by a direct act of creation, by the Ahnighty himself, that he moulded 
the spirit of man, formed and finished it in a proper likeness to in- 
habit the tabernacle he had made out of the dust. 

Have you any account of this in the Bible ? Do the scriptures de- 
clare that the spirit was formed at the time the tabernacle was made? 
No. All the tabernacles of the children of men that were ever 
formed, from remote generations, from the day of Adam to this time, 
have been formed out of the earth. We are of the earth, earthly. 
The tabernacle has been organized according to certain principles, 
and laws of organization with bones, and flesh, and sinews, and skin. 
Now where do you suppose all these tabernacles got their spirits ? 
Does the Lord make a new spirit every time a tabernacle is made ? 
If so, the work of creation, according to the belief of Christendom, did 
not cease on the seventh day. If we admit their views, the Lord 
must be continually making spirits to inhabit all the tabernacles of 
the children of men; he must make something like one thousand 
millions of spirits every century ; he must be w orking at it every day 
for there are many hundreds of individuals being born into the w orld 
every day. Does the Lord create a new spirit every time a new 
tabernacle comes into the world ? That does not look reasonable, or 
God like. 

But how is it, you enquire? Why the fact is, that being that ani- 
mates this body, that gives life and energy, and power to move, to 
act, and to think — that being that dw ells within this tabernacle is 
much older than what the tabernacle is. That spirit that dwells 
within each man, and each woman, of this vast assembly of people, is 
more than a thousand years old, and I would venture to say, that it 
is more than five thousand years old. 

But how was it made? When was it made? And by whom was it 
made? If our spirits existed thousands of years ago, — if they began 
to exist ; if there were a beginning to their organization, by what 
process w as this organization carried on? Through what medium, 
and by what system of laws? Was it by a direct creation of the 
Almighty? or w ere we framed according to a certain system of laws 
in the same manner as our tabernacles? If we were to reason from 
analogy — if we admit analogical reasoning in the question, what 
would we say ? We should say, that our spirits were formed 
by generation, the same as the body or tabernacle of flesh and bones. 
But what says revelation upon the subject? we will see whether re- 
velation and analogy will agree. 



11 

We read of a certain time when the corner stones of the earth 
were hxid, and the foundations thereof were made sure — of a certain 
time when the Lord began to erect this beautiful and glorious habita- 
tion, the earth, then they had a time of joy. I do not know whether 
they had instruments of music or whether they were engaged in the 
dance ; but one thing is certain, they had great joy and the heavens 
resounded w ith their shouts ; yea, the Lord told Job, that all the sons 
of God shouted for joy, and the morning stars sang together, when 
the foundations of this globe were laid. 

The SONS of God, recollect, shouted for joy, because there was a 
beautiful habitation, being built, so that they could get tabernacles 
and dwell thereon : they expected the time — they looked forward to 
the period ; and it was joyful to them, to reflect, that the creation 
was about being formed, the corner stone of it was laid, on which 
they might in their times, and in their seasons, and in their genera- 
tions, go forth and receive tabernacles for their spirits to dwell in. 
Do you bring it home to yourselves, brethren and sisters? Do you 
realise that you and I were there? Can you bring it to your minds 
that you and I were among that hap])y number that shouted for joy 
when this creation was made? Says one, I don't recollect it. No 
wonder ! for your recollection is taken from you, because you are in 
a tabernacle that is earthly ; and all tliis is right and necessary. The 
same is written of Jesus (Jhrist himself, who had to descend below all 
things. Though he had wisdom to assist in the organization of this 
world ; though it w^as through him, as the great leader of all these 
sons of God, the earth was framed, and framed too, by the assistance 
of all his younger brethren, — yet we find, with all that great and 
mighty power he possessed, and the great and superior wisdom that 
was in his bosom, that after all, his judgement had to be taken away; 
in his humiliation, his reason, his intelligence, his knowledge, and 
the power that he was formerly in possession of, vanished from him 
as he entered into the infant tabernacle. He was obliged to begin 
down at the lowest principles of knowledge, and ascend upward by 
degrees, receiving grace for grace, truth for truth, knowledge for 
knowledge, until he was filled with all the fulness of the Father, and 
was capable of ruling, governing, and controling all things, having 
ascended above all things. Just so with us ; we that once lifted up 
our united voices as sons and daughters of God, and shouted for joy 
at the laying of the foundation of this earth, — have come here and 
taken tabernacles, after the pattern of our elder brother; and in our 
humiliation, (for it is humiliation to be deprived of knowledge we 
once had, and the power we once enjoyed) in our humiliation, just 
like our elder brother, our judgement is taken away. Do we not 
read also in the bible, that God is the Father of our spirits? 

We have ascertained that we have had a previous existance. We 
find that Solomon, that wise man says that when the body returns 
to the dust, the spirit returns to God who gave it. Now all of this 
congregation very well know, that if we never existed there^ we 
could not return there. I could not return to California ; — why ? 
because, I never have been there. If you never were with the Father, 
the same*£ii Jesus was before the foundation of the world, you never 



12 
could return there, any more than I could to the West Indies, where 
I have never been. But if we have once been there, then we can see 
the force of the saying of the wise man, that the spirit returns to 
God who gave it ; it goes back where it once was. 

Much more evidence might be derived in relation to this subject, 
even from the English translation of the bible, but I do not feel dis- 
posed to dwell too long upon any particular testimony ; suffice it to 
say that the Prophet Joseph Smith's translation of the fore part of 
the book of Geneses is in print, and is exceedingly plain upon this 
matter. In this inspired translation we find the pre-existance of man 
clearly laid down, and that the spirits of all men, male and female, 
did have an existance, before man was formed out of the dust of the 
ground. But who was their father? I have already quoted a saying 
that God is the Father of our spirits. 

In one sense of the word, there are more Gods than one ; and in 
another sense there is but one God. The scriptures speak of more 
Gods than one. Moses was called a God to Aaron in plain terms ; 
and our Savior, when speaking upon this subject, says, "if the scrip- 
tures called them Gods unto whom the word of God came, why is it 
that you should seek to persecute me, and kill me, because I 
testify that I am the Son of God?" This in substance, was the word 
of our Savior ; those to whom the word of God came are called Gods 
according to his testimony. All these beings of course are one, the 
same as the Father and the Son are one. The Son is called God, and 
so is the Father, and in some places the Holy Ghost is called God. 

They are one in power, in wisdom, in knowledge, and in the inhe- 
ritance of celestial glory ; they are one in their works ; they possess all 
things, and all things are subject to them; they act in unison; and if 
one has power to become the Father of spirits, so has another ; if one 
God can propagate his species, and raise up spirits after his own image 
and likeness, and call them his sons and daughters, so can all other 
Gods that become like him, do the same things; consequently, there 
will be many fathers, and there will be many families, and many sons 
and daughters, and there will be the children of those glorified, ce- 
lestial beings that are counted worthy to be Gods. 

Here let me bring for the satisfaction of the saints, the testimony 
of the vision, given to our prophet and revelator, John Smith, and 
Sidney Ridgon, on the 16th day of February, 1832. They were en- 
gaged in translating the New Testament by inspiration ; and while 
engaged in this great work, they came to the 29th verse of the fifth 
chapter of John, which w^as given to them in these words : " they 
who have done good in the resurrection of the just, and they who 
have done evil in the resurrection of the unjust." This being given 
in different words from the English translation, caused them to marvel 
and wonder ; they lifted up their hearts in prayer to God, that he 
would show them why it was that this should be given to them in a dif- 
ferent manner ; and behold, the visions of heaven opened before them. 
They gazed upon the eternal worlds, and saw things before this world 
was made. They saw the spiritual creation who were to come forth 
and take upon themselves bodies; and they saw things as they are to 
be in future ; they saw the celestial, terrestial, and telestial worlds, as 



13 

well as the sufferings of the ungodly ; all passed before them in their 
great and glorious vision. And while they were yet gazing upon 
things as they were before the world was made, they were command- 
ed to Wright saying "this is the testimony, last of all, which we give 
of him, that he lives ; for we saw him, even on the right hand of God, 
and we heard the voice bearing record that he is the Only Begotten 
of the Father; that by him, and through him, and of him, the worlds 
are, and were created, and the inhabitants thereof are begotten sons 
and daughters unto God." Notice this last expression, "the inhabi- 
tants thereof, are begotten sons and daughters unto God," (meaning 
the different worlds that have been created and made.) Notice, this 
does not say that God, whom we serve and worship, was actually 
the Father himself, in his own person, of all these sons and daughters 
of the different worlds ; but they "are begotten sons and daughters 
unto God," that is, begotten by those who are made like him, after 
his image, and in his likeness they begat sons and daughters, and 
begat them unto God, to inhabit these different worlds we have been 
speaking of. But more of this if we have time before we getthrough. 
We now come to the second devision of our subject, or the entrance 
of these spirits upon their second estate, or their birth and existence 
in mortal tabernacles. We are told that among this great family of 
spirits, some were noble and greater than others, having more intelli- 
gence. 

Where do you read that, says one? Out of the book of Abraham, 
translated from the Egyptian Papyrus by the Prophet Joseph Smith. 
Among the great and numerous family of spirits, — (" the begotten 
sons and daughters unto God,") there are some more intelligent than 
others, and the Lord showed unto Abraham, "the intelligencies that 
were organized before the world was, and among all these there were 
many of the noble and great ones." And God said to Abraham, 
*Hhou art one of them, thou wast chosen before thou wast born." 
Abraham was chosen before he was born. Here then is knowledge, 
if we had time to notice it, upon the doctrine of election. However, 
I may just remark, it does not mean unconditional election to eternal 
life, of a certain class, and the rest : doomed to eternal damnation. 
Suffice to say, that Abraham and many others of the great and noble 
ones in the family of spirits, were chosen before they were born, for 
certain purposes, to bring about certain works, to have the privilege of 
coming upon the stage of action, among the host of men, in favorable 
circumstances. Some came through good and holy parentages, to 
fulfil certain things the Lord decreed should come to pass, from before 
the foundations of the world. 

Ihe Lord has ordained that these spirits should come here and 
take tabernacles by a certain law, through a certain channel ; and 
that law is the law of marriage. There are a great many things 
that I will pass by ; I perceive that if I were to touch upon all these 
principles, the time allotted for this discourse would be too short 
therefore I am under the necessity of passing by many things in rela- 
tion to these spirits in their first estate, and the laws that governed 
th€m there, and come to their second estate. 
The Lord ordained marriage between male and female as a law 



14 

through wliicli sph'its should come here and take tahernacles, and 
enter into the second state of existance. The Lord hiniselC solemnized 
the first marriage pertaining to this globe, and pertaining to flesh and 
bones here upon this earth. I do not say pertaining to mortality; for 
when the first marriage was celebrated, no mortality was there. ' The 
first marriage that we have any account of, was between two im- 
mortal beings, old father Adam, and old mother Eve ; they were im- 
mortal beings ; death had no dominion — no power over them ; they 
were capable of enduring for ever and ever, in their organization. 
Had they fulfilled the law, and kept within certain conditions, and 
bounds, their tabernacles would never have been seized by death ; 
death entered entirely by sin, and sin alone. This marriage was 
celebrated between two immortal beings ; for how long? until death? 
No. That was entirely out of the question ; there could have been 
no such thing in the ceremony. 

What would you consider, my hearers, if a marriage was to be 
celebrated between two beings not subject to death ? Would you 
consider them joined together for a certain number of years, and 
that then all their covenants were to cease for ever, and the marriage 
contract be dissolved? Would it look reasonable and consistent ? 
No. Every heart would say that the work of God is perfect in and 
of itself, and inasmuch as sin had not brought imperfection upon the 
globe, what God joined together, could not be dissolved, and destroy- 
ed, and torn assunder by any power beneath the celestial w orld, con- 
sequently it was eternal ; the ordinance of union was eternal ; the 
sealing of the great Jehovah upon Adam and Eve was eternal in its 
nature; and was never instituted for the purpose of being overthrown 
and brought to an end. It is known that the Mormons are a pecu- 
liar people about marriage ; we believe in marrying, not only for 
time, but for all eternity. This is a curious idea, says one, to be mar- 
ried for all eternity. It is not curious at all ; for when we come to 
examine the scriptures, we find that the very first example set for 
the whole human family as a pattern instituted for us to follow, was 
not instituted until death, for death had no dominion at that time, 
but it was an eternal blessing pronounced upon our first parents. I 
have not time to explain further the marriages of Adam and Eve ; but 
will pass on to their posterity. 

It is true, that they became fallen but there is a redemption. But 
some may consider that the redemption only redeemed us in part, 
that is, merely from some of the effects of the fall. But this is not 
the case ; every man and woman must see at once that a redemption 
must include a complete restoration of all privileges lost by the fall. 

Suppose, then, that the fall w^as of such a nature as to dissolve the 
marriage covenent by death, — which is not necessary to admit, for 
the covenent was sealed previous to the fall, and we have no account 
that it was dissolved — but suppose this was the case ; would not the 
redemption be equally as broad as the fall, to restore the posterity of 
Adam back to that which they lost ? and if Adam and Eve were mar- 
ried for all eternity, the ceremony was an everlasting ordinance, that 
they twain should be one flesh for ever ; if you and I should ever be 
accounted worthy to be restored back from our fallen and degraded 



15 
condition to the privileges enjoyed before the fall, should we not have 
an everlasting marriage seal, as it was with our first progenetors ? If 
we had no other reasons in all the Bible, this would be sufficient to 
settle the case at once in the mind of every reflecting man and woman, 
that inasmuch as the fall of man has taken away any privileges in 
regard to the union of male and female, these privileges must be re- 
stored in the redemption of man, or else it is not complete. 

What is the object of this union? is the next question. We are told the 
object of it is clearly expressed; for, says the Lord unto the male and 
female, I command you to multiply and replenish the earth. And in- 
asmuch as we have proved that the marriage ordinance was eternal in 
its nature, previous to the fall ; if we are restored back to what w^as 
lost by the fall, w^e are restored for the purpose of carrying out the 
commandment given before the fall, namely, to multiply and replenish 
the earth. — Does it say, continue to multiply for a few years, and 
then the marriage contract must cease, and there shall be no further 
opportunity of carrying out this command, but it shall have an end V 
No. there is nothing specified of this kind ; but the fall has brought 
in disunion through death ; it is not a part of the original plan ; con- 
sequently, when male and female are restored from the fall, by virtue 
of the everlasting and eternal covenant of marriage, they will con- 
tinue to increase and multiply to all ages of eternity, to rise up beings 
after their own order, and in their likeness and image, germs of 
intelligence, that are destined, in their times and seasons to become 
only sons of God, but Gods themselves. 

This accounts for the many w^orlds w^e heard elder Grant speaking 
about yesterday afternoon ; the peopling of worlds, or an endless in- 
crease, even of one family, would require an endless increase of 
worlds ; and if one family were to be united in the eternal covenant 
of marriage, to fulfil that great commandment, to multiply his species 
and propogate them; and if there be no end to the increase of his 
posterity, it would call for an endless increase of new worlds ; and if 
one family calls for this, what would innumerable millions of families 
call for ? They would call for as many worlds as have already been 
discovered by the telescope ; yea the number must be multiplied to 
infinity in order that there may be room for the inheritance of the 
sons and daughters of the Gods. Do you begin to understand how 
these worlds get their inhabitants ? Have you learned that the sons 
and daughters of God before me this day are his offspring — made 
after his own image ; that they are to multiply their species until they 
become innumerable ? 

Let us say a few words before we leave this part of the subject on 
the promises made to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. The promises 
were, lift up your eyes, and behold the stars; so thy seed shall be 
as numberless as the stars. What else did he promise ? Go to the 
sea shore, and look at the ocean of sand, and behold the smallness of 
particles thereof, and then realize that your seed shall be as number- 
less as the sand. Now let us take this into consideration. How large 
a bulk of sand would it take to make as many inhabitants as there are 
now^ upon the earth ? In about one cubic foot of sand, reckoning 
the grains of a certain size, there would be a thousand million parti- 



16 

des. Now that is about the estimated population of our globe. If 
our earth were to continue 8,000 years, or eighty centuries, with an 
average population of one thousand millions per centuary, then three 
cubic yards of sand would contain a greater number of particles than 
the whole population of the globe from the beginning until the mea- 
sure of the inhabitants of this creation is complete. If men then 
cease to multiply, where is the promise made to Abraham ? Is it 
fulfilled ? — No. If that is the end of his increase behold the Lord's 
promise is not fulfilled. For the amount of sand, representing his 
seed, might all be drawn in a one-horse cart ; and yet the Lord said 
to Abraham, thy seed shall be as numerous as the sand upon the sea 
shore ; that is, to carry out the idea in full, it was to be endless ; and 
therefore there must be an infinity of worlds for their residence. We 
cannot comprehend infinity. But suffice it to say, if all the sands on 
the sea shore were numbered, says the Prophet Enoch, then all the 
particles of the earth besides, and then the particles of millions of 
earths like this, it would not be a beginning to all thy creations, and 
yet thou art there, and thy bosom is there, and thy curtains are 
stretched out still. This gives plenty of room for the fulfilment of the 
promise made to Abraham, and enough to spare for the fulfilment of 
similar promises to all his seed. We read that those who do the 
works of Abraham, are to be blessed with the blessing of Abraham. 
Have you not, in the ordinances of this last dispensation, nad the 
blessings of Abraham pronounced upon your heads? yes, you say, 
I well recollect, since God has restored the everlasting priesthood, thai 
by a certain ordinance these blessings were placed upon our heads, 
the blessings of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Why, says one, I never 
thought of it in this light before. Why did you not think of it ? Why 
not look upon Abraham's blessings as your own, for the Lord blessed 
him with a promise of seed as numerous as the sands upon the sea 
shore, so will you be blessed, or else you will not inherit the blessings 
of Abraham. How did Abraham manage to get a foundation laid for 
this mighty kingdom ? Was he to accomplish it all through one wife? 
No. Sarah gave a certain w^oman to him whose name was Hagar, 
and by her seed was to be raised up unto him. Is this all? No. 
We read of his wife Keturah, and also of a plurality of wives and 
concubines, — which he had, — from whom he raised up many sons. 
Here, then, was a foundation laid, for the fulfilment of the great and 
grand promise, concerning the multiplicity of his seed. It would 
have been rather a slow process, if Abraham had been confined to 
one wife like some of those narrow, contracted nations of modern 
Christianity. 

I think there is only about one fifth of the population of the globe, 
that believe in the one-wife system ; the other four-fifths believe 
in the doctrine of a plurality of wives. They have had it handed 
down from time im-memorial, and are not half so narrow and con- 
tracted in their minds, as some of the nations of Europe and America, 
who have done away with the promises, and deprived themselves of 
the blessings of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. The nations do not 
know anything about the blessings of Abraham ; and even those who 
have only one wife, cannot get rid of their covetousness, and gettheif 



17 

little hearts large enough to share their property with a numerous 
family ; they are so penurious, and so narrow contracted, in their 
feelings, that they take every possible care not to have their families 
large ; they do not know what is in the future, nor what blessings 
they are depriving themselves of, because of the traditions of their 
fathers, they do not know that a man's posterity, in the eternal 
worlds, are to constitute his glory, his kingdom, and dominion. 

Here, then, we perceive, just from this one principle reasoning from 
the blessings of Abraham alone, the necessity, — if we would partake 
of the blessings of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, — of doing their works; 
and he that will not do the works of Abraham, and walk in his foot- 
steps, will be deprived of his blessings. 

Again, let us look at Sarah's peculiar position in regard to Abra- 
ham. She understood the whole matter ; she new that unless seed 
was raised up to Abraham, that he would come short of his glory ; 
and she understood the promise of the Lord, and longed for Abraham! 
to have seed. And Avhen she saw that she was old, and fearing that 
she should not have the privilege of raising up i^ecd, she gave to 
Abraham, Hcgar. Would Gentile Christendom do such things now- 
a-days? Oh no ; they would consider it enough to send a man to an 
endless hell of fire and brimstone. Why? Because tradition has 
instilled this in their minds as a dreadful, awful thing. 

It matters not to them how^ corrupt they are in female prostitution ^ 
if they are not lawfully married to only one wife ; but it would be 
considered an awful thing by them to raise up a posterity from more 
than one wife ; this would be wrong indeed ; — but to go into a bro- 
thel, and there debauch themselves in the lowest haunts of degrada- 
tion all the days of their lives, they consider only a trifling thing; 
nay, they can even license such institutions in christian nations, and 
it all passes off very v/eil. 

That is tradition ; and their posterity have been fostered, and 
brought up in the footsteps of wickedness. This is death, as it stalks 
abroad among the great and popular cities of Europe and America. 

Do you find such haunts of prostitution, degradation and misery 
here, in the cities of the mountains? No. Were such things in our 
midst, we should feel indignant enough to see such persons blotted 
out of the page ofexistance. These would be the feelings of this 
community. 

Look upon those wlio committed such iniquity in Israel, in ancient 
days ; every man and woman who committed adultery, were put to 
death. I do not say that this people are going to do this ; but I w ill 
tell you what we believe ; — we believe it ought to be done. 

Whoredom, adultery, and fornication, have cursed the nations of the 
earth for many generations, and are increasing fearfully upon the 
community; but they must be entirely done away from those who call 
themselves the people of God ; if they are not, woe! woe! be unto 
them also, for ^'thus saith the Lord God Almighty," in the Book of 
Mormon, ^'woe unto them that commit whoredoms, for they shall be 
thrust down to hell ! " There is no getting away from it. Such 
things will not be allowed in this community ; and such characters will 
find that the time will come that that God whose eyes are upon all the 



18 
cliililren of men, and wlio discerneth the thin^^s that are done hi secret, 
will ])ring their acts to light, and they will he made an example hefore 
the people, and shame and infamy will cleave to their posterity after 
them, unto the third and fourth generation of them that repent not. 

How^ is this to be prevented ? — for we have got a fallen nature to 
gra])ple with. It is to be ])re vented in the way the Lord devised 
in ancient times ; that is, by giving to his faithful servants a plurali- 
ty of wives, by which a numerous and faithful posterity can be raised 
up, and tauglit in the principles of righteousness and truth ; and then, 
after they fully understand those principles that were given to the 
ancient patriarchs, if they keep not the law of God, and commit 
adultery, and transgressions of this kind, let their names be blotted 
out from under heaven, that they may have no place among the people 
of God. 

But again, there is another reason why this plurality should exist 
among tlie Latter Day Saints— I have already given you one reason, 
and that is, that you might inherit the blessings and promises made 
to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and receive a continuation of your pos- 
terity, that they become as numerous as tlie sand upon the sea shore. 
I'here is another reason, and a good one, too— What do you suppose 
it is ? I will tell you ; and it will appear reasonable to every man and 
woman of a reflecting mind. Do we not believe, as the scriptures have 
told us, that the wicked nations of the earth are doomed to destructi- 
on? Yes; we believe it. Do we not also believe, as the prophets 
have foretold, concerning the last days, as well as what the new re- 
velation have said upon the subject, that darkness prevails upon the 
earth, and gross darkness upon the minds of the people; and not only 
this, but that all flesh has corrupted its way upon the face of the 
earth; that is, that all nations, speaking of them as nations, have cor- 
rupted themselves before the Most High God, by their wickedness, 
whoredoms, idolatries, abominations, adulteries, and all other kinds of 
wickedness? And we furthermore believe, that according to the 
Jewish prophets, as well as the Book of Mormon, and modern revela- 
tions, given in the Book of doctrine and Covenants, that the sword of 
the vengeance of the Almighty is already unsheathed, and streched 
out, and will no more be put back into the scabbard, until it falls 
upon tke head of the nations, until they are destroyed, except they 
repent. What else do we believe? We believe that God is gather- 
ing oui from among these nations those who will barken to his voice, 
and receive the proclamation of the gospel, to establish them as a 
people alone by themselves, where they can be instructed in the right 
way, and brought to the knowledge of the truth. Very well ; if this 
be the case, that the righteous are gathering out, and are still being 
gathered from among the nations, and being planted by themselves, 
one thing is certain, that that people are better calculated to bring up 
children in the right v/ay than any other under the whole heavens. 
yes, savs one, if that is the case,— if you are the people the ancient 
prophets have spoken of— if you are the people that are guided by the 
Lord, you are under the influence, power, and guideance of the Al- 
mighty, you must be the best people under heaven, to dictate the 
young mind:— but what has that to do with the plurality of wives? 



I will tell you. I have already told you lliat the spirits of mcu and 
Avomeu, all had a previous existance, thousands of years ag'o, in the 
heavens, in the presence of God, and I have already told you that 
among them are many spirits that are more noble, more intelligent 
than others, that are called the great and mighty ones, reserved until 
the dispensation of the fullness of times, to come forth upon the face 
of the earth, through a noble parentage, that shall train their young 
and tender minds in the truth of eternity, thay may grow up in the 
Lord and be strong in the power of his might ; be clothed upon with 
his glory; be filled with exceeding great faith; that the visions of 
eternity may be opened to their minds ; that they may be prophets, 
priests, and kings to the Most High God. Do you believe, says one, 
that they are reserved until the last dispensation, for such a noble 
purpose? Yes; and among the saints is the most likely place (or 
these spirits to take their tabernacles — through a just and righteous 
parentage. They are to be sent to that people that are the iDOst righteous 
of any other people upon the earth ; there to be trained up properly, ac- 
cording to their nobility and intelligence, and according to the laws which 
the Lord ordained before they were born. This is the reason why the 
Lord is sending them here, brethren and sisters; they are appointed to 
conne and take their bodies here, that in their generations they may be rais* 
ed up among the righteous. The Lord has not kept them in store for five 
or six thousand years past, and kept them waiting for their bodies all this 
time, to send them among the Hottentots, the African negroes, the Idola- 
trous Hindoos, or any other of the fallen nations that dwell upon the face of 
this earth They are not kept in reserve in order to come forth to receive 
such a degraded parentage upon the earth ; no ; the Lord is not such a 
being ; his justice, goodness, and mercy will be magnified towards 
those who were chosen before they were born ; and they long to come, and 
they will come among the saints of the living God 3 this would be their 
highest pleasure and joy, to know that they could have the privilege of being 
born of such noble Parentage. 

Then is it not reasonable and consistant, that the Lord should say unto 
his faithful and chosen servants, that had proved themselves before him all 
the day long — that had been ready and willing to do whatsoever his will re- 
quired them to perform, — take unto yourselves more wives, like unto the 
Patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob of old — like those who lived in anci- 
ent times, who walked in my footsteps, and kept my commands ? Why 
should they not do this ? Suppose the Lord should answex this question 
-—would he not say, I have here in reserve, noble spirits, that have been 
waiting for thousands of years, to come forth in the fullness of (iines, and 
which I designed should come forth through these my faithful and chosen 
servants, for I know they will do my will, and they will teach their children 
after them to do it. — Would not this be the substance of the language, if the 
Lord should give us an answer upon this subject ? 

But then another question will arise ; how are these things to be conduct- 
ed ? Are they to be left at random ? Is every servant of God at liberty to 
run here, and there, seeking out the daughters of men as wives unto them- 
selves, without any restriction, law, or condition? No ! we find these things 
were restricted in ancient times. Do you not recollect the circumstance of 
the prophet Nathan's coming to David ? He came to reprove him for cer- 
tain disobedience, and told him about the wives he had lost through it; that 
the Lord would give them to another ; and he told him if he had been faith- 



20 

ful, that the Lord would have given bim 8til more, If be had only asked for 
them. N-ithan the prophet, in relation to David, was the man that held the 
keys concerning this mntter in ancient days, and it was governed by the 
strictest laws. 

So in these days; let me announce to this congregation, and there is but one 
man in all the world, at the same time, who can hold the keys of this matter; 
but one man has power to turn the key to enquire of the Lord, and to say 
whether If or these my brethren, or any of the rest of this congregation, or 
the saints upon the face of the whole earth, may have this blessing of Abra- 
ham conferred upon them ; he holds the keys of these matters now, the same 
as Nathan, in his day. 

But, says one, how have you obtained this information ? Bv new revela- 
tion. When Wf'S it given, and to whom ? It was given to our prophet, ^eer, 
and revelator, Joseph Smith, on the 12th day of July, 1843; only about 
eleven months before he was martyred for the testimony of Jesus. 

He held the keys of these matters; he had the right to enquire of the 
Lord : and the Lord his set bounds, and restrictions to these things ; he has 
told us in that revelation, that only one man can hoid these keys upon the 
earth at the same time; and they belong to that man who stands at the head, 
to preside over all the aflfairs of the church and kingdom of God in the last 
days. They are the sealing keys of power, or in other words, of Elijah, 
having been committed and restored to the earth by Elijah, the prophet, 
who held manv keys, among which were the keys of sealing, to bind the 
hearts of the fathers to the children, and the children to the fathers, together 
with all tho other sealing keys and powers, pertaining to the last dispensa- 
tion. They were committed by that Angel who administered in the Kirtlaod 
Temple, and spoke unto Joseph, tho prophet, at the time of the endow- 
ments in that house. 

Now let us enquire, what will become of those individuals who have this 
law taught unto them in plainness, if they reject it ? [A voice in the stand, 
they will be damned.] I will tell you, they will be damned saith the Lord 
God Almighty, in the Revelation he has given. Why ? Because where 
much is given much is required ; where there is great knowledge unfolded, 
for the exaltation, glory and happiness of the sons and daughters of God, if 
they close up their hearts, if they reject the testimony of his word and will 
not give heed to the principles he has ordained for their good, they are 
worthy of damnation, and the Lord has said they shall be damned. This 
was the word of the Lord to his servant Joseph the prophet himself. With 
all the knowledge and light he had, he must comply with it, or says the Lord 
unto him, you shall be damned ; and the same is true in regard to all those 
who reject these things. 

What else have we heard from our President ? he has related to us that 
there are some damnations that are eternal in their nature, while others are 
but for a certain period, they will have an end, they will not receive a res* 
toration to their former priviliges, but a deliverance from certain punish- 
ments ; and instead of being restored to all the privileges pertaining to man 
previous to the fall, they will be only permitted to enjoy a certain grade of 
happiness, not a full restoration. Let us enquire after those who are to be 
damned, admitting they will be redeemad, which they will be unless they 
have sinned against the Holy Ghost. They will be redeemed, but what will 
it be to ? Will it be to exaltation and to a fullness of glory ? Will it be to 
become the sons of God, or Gods to reign upon thrones, and multiply their 
posterity and reign over them as king* ? ^^o, they will not. They Lava 
lost ihat exalted privilege for ever ; though they may, after having 



2ft 
heeti punished for lon^j periods, escape by the skin of their teeth ; but no 
kingdom will be conferred upon them. What will be their condition ? I 
will tell you what revalation says, not only concerning them that reject these 
things, but concerning those that through their carelessness, or want of faith, 
or eomething else, have failed to have their marriages sealed for time and for 
all eternity ; those who do not do these things, so as to have the same 
ordinances sealed upon their heads by divine authority as was upon the 
head of old Father Adam — if they fail to do it through wickedness, through 
their ungodliness — behold, they also will never have the privilege of pos- 
sessing that which is possessed by the Gods that hold the keys of power, of 
coming up to the thrones of their exaltation, and receiving iheir king^loms. 
Why? Because, saith the Lord all oaths, all covenants and ali agreements, 
&c., that have been made by man, and not by me, and by the authority I 
have established, shall cease when deatti shall separate the parlies ; that is 
the end, that is the cessation, they go no further, and such a person cannot 
come up in the morning of the resurrection, and say, behold I claim you as 
my wife, you are mine, I married you in the other world before death, 
therfore you are mine ; he cannot say this. Why ? Because he never 
married that person for eternity. 

Suppose they should enter into covenant and agreement and conclude 
between themselves to live together to all eternity, and never have it sealed 
by the Lord's sealing power, by the holy priesthood, would they have any 
claim on each other in the morning of the resurrection ? No ; it would not 
be valid or legal and the Lord would say it was not by him ; your covenants 
were not sealed on the earth, and therefore they are not sealed in the 
heavens; they are not recorded in my book, they are not to be found in the 
records that are in the archives of eternity ; therefore the blessings you 
might have had, are not for you to enjoy. What will be their condition? 
the Lord has told us. He says these are angels ; because they keep not 
this law they shall be ministering servants unto those who are worthy of ob- 
taining a more exceeding and eternal weight of glory, wherefore, saith the 
Lord, they shall remain singly and separately m their saved condition, and 
•hall not have power to enlarge themselves, and thus shall they remain for 
ever and ever. 

Here, then, you can read their history ; they are not Gods, but they are 
angels or servants to the Gods. There is a difference between the two 
classes; the. Gods are exalted ; they hold keys of power, are made kings and 
priests, and this power is conferred upon them in time by the everlasting 
priesthood to hold a kingdom in eternity that shall never be taken Irom them 
worlds without end, and they will propagate their species. They are not 
servants : for one God is not to be a servant to another God ; they are not 
angels ; and this is the reason why Paul said, know ye not brethren that we 
shall judge angels ? Angels are inferior to the saints who are exalted as 
kings. These angels who are to be judged and to become servants to the 
Gods did not keep the law, therefore, though they are saved, they are to 
be servants te those who are in a higher condition. 

What does the Lord intend to do with this people? He intends to make 
them a kingdom of Kings and Priests, a kingdom unto himself, or in other 
swords a kingdom of Gods, if they will hearken to his law. There will be 
many who will not hearken, there will be the fcolish among the wise who 
will not receive the new and everlasting covenant in its fullness, and they 
never will attain to their exaltation, they never will be counted worthy to 
hold the sceptre of power over a numerous progeny, that shall multiply 
themselTcs without end, like the sand upon the sea shore. 



22 

We can only touch here and there upon this great subject, we can onlj 
offer but a few words with regard to this great, sublime, beautiful, and 
glorious doctrine which has been revealed by the prophet, Seer, and revela- 
tor, Joseph Sonith, who sealed his testimony with his blood, and thus re- 
vealed to the nations things that were in ancient times, as well as ihings 
that are to come. 

But while I talk, the vision of my mind is opened ; the subject spreads 
forth and branches out like the branches of a thrifty tree ; and as for the 
glory of God, how great it is. I feel to say hallelujah to this great and 
holy name ; lor he reigns in the heavens, and he will exalt his people to 
sit with him upon the thrones of power to rei^n for ever and ever. 



REVELATION give^ to Joseph Smitli, IS'auvoo, July 12th, 1843. 

Verily thus saith the Lord, unto you my servant Joseph, that inasmuch as you have enquired cf my 
hand, to know and imderstand wherein I the Lord justified my servants, Abraham, Isaac, aiid Jacob ; 
as also Moses, David, and Solomon, my servants, as touching tiie principle and doctrine of their having 
many wives and concubines. Behold I and lo, I am the Lord thy God, and will answer thee as touching 
this matter : Therefore prepare thy heart to receive and obey the instructions which I am about to give 
unto you; for all those who have this law revealed unto them must obey the same ; for behold ! I reveal 
unto you a new and an everlasting covenant, and if ye abide not that covenant, then are ye damned ; 
for no one can reject this covenant, and be permitted to enter into my glory ; for all who will have a 
blessing at my hands shall abide the law which was appointed for that blessing, and the conditions the- 
reof, as was instituted from before the foundations of the world ; and as pertaining to the new and ever- 
lasting covenant, it was instituted for the fulness of my glory ; and he that receiveth a fulness thereof, 
must, and shall abide the law, or he shall be damned, saith the Lord God. 

And verily I say unto you, that the conditions of this law are these : All covenants, contracts, bonds 
obligations, oaths, vows, performances, connections, associations, or expectations, that are not made and 
entered into, and sealed by the Holy Spirit of promise, of him who is anointed, both as well for time and 
fo r all eternity, and that too most holy, by revelation and commandment, through the medium of mine 
anointed, whom I have appointed on the earth to hold this power, (and I have appointed unto my servant 
Joseph to hold this power in the last ilays, and there is never but one on the earth at a time, on whom 
this power and the keys of t'lis priesthood are conferred,) are of no efficacy, virtue, or forces in and 
after the resurrection from the dead ; for all contracts that are not made unto this end, have an end when 
men are dead. 

Behold! mine house is a house of ordei , saith the Lord God, and not a house of confusion. Willi 
accept of an offering, saith the Lord, that is not made in my name ! Or, will I receive at your hands, 
that which I have not appointed ! And will I appoint unto you, saith the Lord, except it be by law, even 
as I and my Father ordained unto you, before the world was ! I am the Lord thy God, and I give unto 
you this commandment, that no man shall come unto the Father but by me, or by my word, which is my 
law, saith the Lord ; and every thing that is in the world, whether it be ordained of man, by thrones, or 
.principalities, or powers, or things of name, whatsoever they may be, that are not by me or by my word 
saith the Lord, shall be thrown down and shall not remain after men are dead, neither in nor atter the 
resurrection, saith the Lord your God ; for whatsoever things remaineth are by me, and whatsoever 
things are not by me, shall be shaken and destroyed. 

Therefore if a man marry him a wife in the world, and he marry her not hy me, nor by my word ; and 
he covenant with her, so long as he is in the world, and she with him, their covenant and marriage is not 
of force when they are dead, and when they are out of the world; therefore, they are not 
hoimd by any law when they are out of the world ; therefore, when they are out of the world, they 
neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are appointed angels in heaven, which angels are minister- 
ing servants, to minister for those, who are worthy of a far more, and an exceeding, and an eternal 
weight of glory ; for these angels did not abide by law, therefore they cannot be enlarged, but remain 
separately, and singly, without exaltation, in their saved condition, to all eternity, and from henceforth 
are not Gods, but are angels of God for ever and ever. 

And again, verily I say unto you, if a man marry a wife, and make a covenant with her for time, and 
for all eternity, if that covenant is not by me, or by my word, which is my law, and is not sealed by the 
Holy Spirit of promise, through him whom I have anointed and appointed into this power, then it is not 
vaUd, neither of force, when they are out of the world, because they are not joined by me, saith the Lord 
neither by my word ; when they are out of the world, it cannot be received there, because the angels and 
the Gods' are appointed there, by whom they cannot pass ; they cannot, therefore, inherit my glory, for 
my house is a house of order, saith the Lord God. 

And again, verily I say unto you, if a man marry a wife by my word, which is my law, and by the new 
and everlasting covenant, and it is sealed unto them by the Holy Spirit of promise, by him who is anoint- 
ed, unto whom I have appointed this power, and the keys of this priesthood, and it shal. be said unto 
them, ye shall come forth in the first resurrection ; and if it be after the first resurrection, in the next 
resurrection ; and shall inherit thrones, kingdoms, principalities, and powers, dominions, ail heights, and 
depths, then shall it be written in the Lamb's Book of Life, that he shall commit no murder, where! )y to 
shed innocent blood ; and if ye abide in my covenant, and commit no murder whereby to shed innocent 
blood, it shall be done unto them in all things whatsoever ray servant hath put upon them, in time, and 
through all eternity; and shall be of full force when they are out of the world, and they shall pass by the 
angels, and the Gods, which are set there, to their exaltation and glory in all thiiigs, as hath betti sealed 
upon their heads, which glory shall be a fulness and a continuation of the seeds for ever'aiid ^ver. 



23 

Then shall they be Gods, because they have no end ; therefore shall they be from everlasting to ever- 
lasting, because they continue ; then shall they be above all, because all things are subject unto them. 
Then shall they be Gods, because they have all power, and the angels are subject unto them. 

Verily, verily I say unto you, except ye abide my law, ye cannot attain to this glory ; for strait is the 
gate, and narrow the Way, that leadeth unto exaltation and contiiniation of the lives, and few there be 
that find it, because ye receive me not in the worJd, neither do ye l<now me. But if ye receive me in the 
world, then shall ye know me, and shall receive your exaltation, that where I am ye shall be also. This 
is eternal lives, to know the only wise and true God, and Jesus Christ whom he hath sent. I am he. Re- 
ceive ye. therefore, my law. Broad is the gate and wide the way that leadeth to the death ; and many there 
are that go in thereat ; because they receive me not, neither do they abide in my law. 

Verily verily I say unto you, if a man marry a wife according to my word, and they are sealed by the 
Holy Spirit of promise, according to mine appointment, and he or she shall commit any sin or trans- 
gression of the new and everlasting covenant whatever, and all manner of blasphemies, and if they com- 
mit no murder, wherein they shed innocent blood, — yet they shall come forth in the first resurrection, 
and enter into their exaltation, but they shall be destroyed in the flesh, and shall be delivered unto the 
bufifetings of Satan, unto the day of redemption, saith the Lord God. 

The Blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, which shall not be forgiven in the world, nor out of the 
world, is in that ye commit murder, wherein ye shed innocent blood, and ascent unto my death, after 
ye have received my new and everlasting covenant saith the Lord God, and he that abideth not this 
law, can in no wise enter into my glory, but shall be damned saith the Lord. 

I am the Lord thy God, and will give unto thee the law of my Holy Priesthood, as was ordained by me, 
and my Father, before the world was. Abraham received ^11 things, whatsoever he received by revela- 
tion and commandment, by my word, saith the Lord, and hath entered into his exaltation, and sitteth 
upon his throne. 

Abraham received promises concerning his seed, and of the fruit of his loins, — from whose loins ye 
are, viz., my servant Joseph, — which were to continue, so long as they were in the world ; and as 
touching Abraham and his seed, out of the world, they should continue ; both in the world and out of the 
world should they continue as innumerable as the stars ; or, if ye were to count the sand upon the sea- 
shore, ye could not number them. This promise is yours, also, because ye are of Abraham, and the 
promise was made unto Abraham, and by this law are the continuation of the works of my Fathei% 
wherein he glorifieth himself. Go ye, therefore, and do the works of Abraham, — enter ye into my law, 
and ye shall be saved. But if ye enter not into my law, ye cannot receive the promises of n)y Father 
which he made unto Abraham. 

God commanded Abraham, and Sarah gave Hagar to Abraham, to wife. And why did he do it ? 
Because this was the law, and from Hagar sprang many people. This, therefore, was fulfilling, among 
other things, the promises. Was Abraham, therefore, under co idem nation ? Verily, I say unto you. 
Nay; for I the Lord commanded it. Abraham was commanded to offer his son Isaac, nevertheless, it 
was written, thou shalt not kill. Abraham however, did not refuse, and it was accounted uito him for 
righteousness. 

Abraham received concubines, aad they bare him children, and it was accounted unto him for rifjhteons. 
ness, because they were given unto him and he abode in my laws; as Isaac also, and Jacob did none other 
things than that which they weie commanded, they have entered into their exaltation, according to the 
promises, and sit upon thrones ; and are not angels, but are Gods, David also received many wives and 
concubines, as also Solomon, and Moses, my servant; as also many otheis of my servants, fro:ii the be- 
ginning of creation until this time ; and in nothing did they sin, save in those things which they received not 
of me. 

David's wives and concubines were given unto him, of me, by the hand of Nathan, my servant, and 
others of the prophets who had the keys of his power ; and in none of these things did he sin against 
me, save in the case of Uriah andhis wife ; and. therefore, he hath fallen from his exaltation, and received 
his portion ; and he shall not inherit them out of the world ; for I gave them to another, saith the Lord, 

T am the Lord thy God, and I give unto thee, my servant Joseph, an appointment, and restore all things ; 
ask what ye will, and it shall be given unto you, accordmg to my word ; and as ye have asked concerning 
adultery, — verily, verily, I say unto you, if a man receive a wife in the new and everlasting covenant, 
and if she be with another man, and I have not appointed unto her by the holy anointing, she'hath committed 
adultery and shall be destroyed. If she be not in the new and everlasting covenant, and she be with another 
man, she has committed adultry; andif her husband be with another woman, and he was under avow, he 
hath broken his vow, and hath committed adultery ; and if she hath not committed adultery, but is innocent, 
and hath not broken her vow, and sheknowelh it, and I reveal it unto you, m> servant Joseph then sliall 
you have power, by the power of my H oly Priesthood , to take her, and give her unto him that hath not 
committed adultery, but hath been faithful; for he shall be made ruler over many ; for 1 have conferrpd 
upon you the keys and power of the priesthood, wherein I restore all things and make known unto you, all 
things, in due time. 

And verily, verily, I say unto you, that whatsoever you seal on earth, shall be sealed in heaven : and 
whatsoever you bind on earth, in my name, and by my word, saith the Lord, it shall be eternally bound in 
the heavens; and whatsoever you shall remit on earth, shall be remitted eternally in the heavens; and 
whomsoever sins yon retain on earth, shall be retained in heaven. 

/4nd again, verily I say, whomsoever you bless, I will bless ; and whomsoever you curse, I will curse, 
saith the Lord ; for I the Lord am thy God. 

And again, verily [ say unto you, my servant Joseph, that whatsoever you give on earth, and to whomso- 
ever you give any one on earth, by my word, and according to my law, it shall be visited with blessings, and 
not cursings, and with my power, saith the Lord, and shall be without condemnation on earih, and in 
heaven; for I am the Lord thy God, and will be with thee even unto the end of the world, and through all 
eternity; for verily. I seal upon you your elevation, and prepare a throne for you in the kingdom of my 
Father, with Abraham, your father. Behold, I have seen your sacrifices, and will forgive your sins, 'l 
have seen your sacrafices in obedience to that which I have told you ; go, therefore, and 1 make a way 
for your escape, as I accepted the oflfering of Abraham, of his son Isaac. 

Verily 1 say unto you, a commandment I give unto mine handmaid, Emma Smith, your wife, whom I 
have given unto you, that she may stay herself, and partake not of that which I command you to offer unto 
her; lor I did it, saith the Lord, to prove you all, as I did Abraham ; and that 1 might require an offeiint; at 
your band, by covenant and sacrifice ; and let mine handmaid, Lmma .Smith, receive all those that have 
been given unto my servant Joseph, and who aie virtuous and pure before me ; and those who are not pure, 
and have said they were pure, shall be destroyed, saitth the Lord Gad ; for i am the Lord thy God, and ye 
u ^^^J ™y ^"ice; and I give unto my servant Joseph, that he shall be made ruler over many things, lor 
he naih been faithful over a few things; and from henceforth I will strengthen him. 

And I command mine handmaid, Emma Smith, to abide and cleave unto my servant Joseph, and to none 



24 

els«. But if she will uot abiJt Ibis coramandinent, sbe ahall be destroyed, saitb the Lord; for I am th« 
J ord thv God. and will destroy her. il' she abide not in my law: but if she uill not abide this command- 
ment, then shall my sei-vnnt .Joseph do a'l tilings for her. even as he hath said; and I will bless him, and 
multiply him and '/we unto him an hundred fold in this world, of fatfcers and raotherp, brothers and sisters, 
houses and lands, wi'es and childreii. and crowns of eternal lives in the ete nal worlds. And again, verily 
I say, let mine handinuid forgive my servHut Joseph his tresspasses, ami then shall she be forjiiven her tres- 
passes, wherein she bath ti-espassed against me ! and 1 the Lord thy God will b ess her, and multiply her, and 
make her heart ro rejoice ' 

And again 1 say, let not my servant Joseph put his property out of his hands, leat an enemy come and 
desti-oy him, for >atan seeketh to destroy ; for I am the Lord thy Gtod, and he is my servant; and behold! 
and lo, I am with him, as I was with Abraham, thy father, even unto his exaltation and glory. 

Now as touching the law of the priesthood, there are many things pertaining thereunto. Vciily, if a man 
is called of my Fathei, a« was Aaron, by mine own voice and by the voice of him that sent me, and I have 
endowed him with the keys of the power of this priesthood, if he do anyihing in my name, and according to 
my law, and by my word he will not commit sin, and I will justify him Let no one, therefore, set on mv 
sei-vant Joseph ; fori will justify him : for he shall do the sacrifice which I require at his hands, /or his 
transai-essions, saith the Lord your God 

And !>gain, as pertaining to ths law of the Priesthood ; — if any man espouse a virgin, and desire to espouse 
another, ami the liist give her consent, and if he espouse the second, and they are virgins and have vowed to 
no other man, then is he justified ; he cannot commit adultery, lor they are given unto him ; for he cannot 
commit adultery wiih that tbatbelongelh unto him, and to none else ; aud if he have ten virgins »iiveu unto 
him by this law, he cannot commit aJultery ; for they belong to him ; and they are given unto him,— there- 
fore is he justified. But if one, or either of the ten virgins, after she is espoused, shall be with another 
man, she has committed adultery, and shall be destroyed: for they are given unto him to muhiply and 
replenish the earth, according to my commandment, and to fulfil the promise which was given by my Father 
before the foundation of the world, and for their exaltation in the eternal worlds, that they may bear the 
•ouls of men : for herein is the work of my Father continued, that he may be glorified. 

And again, verily, verily I say unto you. if any man have a wile who holds the keys of this power, and he 
leaches uuto her the law of the Priesthood, as pertaining to those ihings ; then shall she believe, and adminis- 
ter unto him, or she shall be destroyed, saith the lord your God ; lor 1 will destroy her; lor I will magnify 
my name upon all those who receive and abide in my law. Therefoi-e, it shall be lawful in me, if she receive 
not this law, for him to receive ail things, whatsoever I the Lord his God will give unto him, according lo my 
word, and she then becomes the transgressor, and he is exempt from the law of ."^arah, who administered unto 
Abraham according to the law, when s commanded Abraham to take H agar to wife, - -And now, as pertaining 
to this law,— verily, verily 1 say unto you, I will reveal more unto you heieafter; therefore, let this suffice 
il'or the present. — Behold, I am Alpha and Omega — Am£N. 

This Gospel embraces every institution, every ordinance, and every covenant 
that lias been enjoyed by the people of God in any former dispensation. The 
first principles of it have been restored, and the ordinances connected there- 
■\vith; faith and repentance, baptism for the remission of sins, and the gift of 
the Holy Ghost by the ordinance of laying on of hands, by authorized mini- 
Tsters, are preached in the name of Jesus, and hundreds of thousands have 
proven them to be true, by their oami experience. 

Other principles and ordinances are as necessary to be believed and observed 
as those just named, in order to a continued salvation, and to enable man 
fully to become one with the Son of God, as he is one with his Father in all 
things ; among which there are none more sacred and holy, or more Godlike 
than the institution of matrimony, by which an eternal relationship is entered 
and sealed by the direction and superintendance of the Redeemer of the world, 
through his legally constituted athorities on earth, in Zion ! Through his in- 
stitution did Abraham inherit the promise, and through it will his seed receive 
of his father's inheritance, or of the promise made to their fathers. 

Jesus plainly declared that the children of Abrahan would do the works of 
Abraham ; and if they were Abraham's seed, then were they heir to the 
promises. 

Let now the ^\'icked forsake their ways, and the unrighteous their thoughts, 
and turn unto the Lord, that they may obtain mercy, and unto Abraham's God 
who alone can pardon. 

And we would say to all that have entered into covenant A^th God, Keep 
His commandments, observe His ordinances, and walk by every word that 
proceeds from His mouth; let not the dust cleave to your feet, nor your hands 
be stained with pollution ; let not your hearts lead you astray, for the com- 
mandment of God is holy; '^Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife," nor 
anything that is thy neighbour's. 

Price Sixpence. 



Edited and PubHshed by A. Famham, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

IN SYDNEY. 



HE THAT READETH LET HIM UNDERSTAND. 



Nos. 4-5. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1853. Vol I. 

A REPLY TO THE "CHRISTIAN HERALD" ON THE PLU- 
RALITY OF WIVES. 

"The Christian Herald," emanating as it does from a sect that stands 
second to none for worldy intelligence, ability, and fame, and being 
conducted by a committee whose hired duty it is, or should be, ac- 
cording to their pretentions, to teach the Bible, it Avould naturally 
be expected, by every honest person, that disingenuonsness would be 
one promenant feature of its character, and that its statements would 
be strictly true. But in no publication do we recollect witnessing an 
exhibition of the want of the spirit and character referred to more 
than has been manifested upon many instances by this journal ; and 
in no instance has the want of this spirit and character been more 
manifest than in the article it contained, headed " Plurality of 
Wives," in its issue of the 15th instant. 

The writer of the article in question says " it is well that they 
(the Mormons) now openly avow their doctrine and practice," but 
he is very careful not to give the source from whence the good infor- 
mation was obtained. Had he, as a gentleman, acknowledged the 
receipt of "Ihe Zion's Watchman," (a copy of which was not only 
presented to him, but also to every other Revd. Priest in the city 
whose address was at hand,) he would thereby have published the 
little sentinel to the colony : — but that would never do, for then the - 
people might enquire for and read it themselves, and this would en- 
danger the safety of the honest portions of their flock ; the value of the 
flece of which, the writer in question, is as well able to calculate as 
any hired Revd. in the colony. 

This gentleman has also neglected to give us the references to the 
passages of scripture or history in support of the assertions that the 
article contains. Why did he not give us the scripture chapter and 
verse which states that Lamech slayed Cain through jealousy ? He 
knew that it was not there. But we will tell him what the Book of 
Jaser says, see Joshua 10, 13, and 2, Sam. 1, 18. It, in the 2nd 
Chapter, from the 26th to 3Lst verse, gives an account of the way 



26 

and manner that Cain met with his death. According to the ac- 
count therein given, it appears that Lamech's eyes were dim on ac- 
count of his advanced age, and that he was led in his perambulations, 
by his son Tubal Cain, and that one day whilst walking in the fields 
Cain was advancing towards them, and being mistaken for an animal, 
he was shot by an arrow from the bow of Lamcch, and that when 
they went to examine their supposed prey, they found that it was 
Cain. That Lamech whilst frantically clapping his hands from 
grief hit his son, Tubal Cain, and caused his death. That this ac- 
count agrees with that in Geneses will appear clear when we reflect 
upon the expression of Lamech to his wives as it is there recorded, 
Chapter 4, 23, "Fori have slain a man to my wounding and a 
young man to my hurt." It is plain that there are two persons re- 
fered to ; one man slain " to his wounding," and another young man 
to his hurt. It could not be said of Cain that he was a young man. 

It further appears that Lamech's wives, on account of this act, 
hated him and separated themselves from him, and in order to recon- 
cile them it is recorded in the 3oth verse that he addressed them in 
the following words, "Adah and Zillah hear my voice, wives of 
Lamech, attend to my words, for now you have imagined and said 
that I slew a man with my wounds, and a child Avith my stripes for 
their having done no voilence, but you surely know that I am old 
and grey-headed, and that my eyes are heavy throiigk ago^ and I 
did this thing unknowingbiy 

This ingenious writer insinuates that the increase of crime among- 
st the Antediluvians was associated with their having more wives 
than one, and with an air of triumph he writes, " All who lived in 
polygamy were swept away by the Deluge ; " being desirous, no 
doubt of conveying the impression that such a state of society was 
the general evil of the age referred to *, but he was conscious that the 
suggestion had not the slightest foundation in either sacred or pro- 
fane history. It is true that in Gen. 6, 2, we read "That the sons of 
God saw the daughters of men that they were fair ; and they took 
them wives of all which theif chose." This passage, it is plain, not 
only does not support the false statement of this modern priest of 
Baal, but assigns a reason as oposite from his as possible. It is, 
that the Sons of God took unto them wives, from the dayghters of 
men which theij chose. God did not give them, but had prohibited 
such an unequally yoking with unbelievers. It was this degeneracy of 
the sons of God, that caused the earth to be swept by deluge. We 
will relate a remark, that was recently made to the wTiter, by a Jew- 
in this city, connected with this subject. He said, that "a Jew lost 
his position by inter-marrying with gentiles ; they, the gentiles, being 
the seed of Cain, who slew his brother ; for which, he and his poste- 
rity were cursed from the priesthood; and that God in ancient days 
was so angry with his people on account of this inter-marrying with 
the seed of rebellious Cain, that he destroyed the world by a flood. 
Josephus also states, that Cain became the great leader of men into 



wicked courses, and that, while Adam was alive, the posterity of 
Cain became exceeding wicked ; that every generation became more 
wicked than the former. Connect with these sentiments the character 
of Noah as recorded in the 9th verse of 6th Chap, of Gen. " Noah was 
a just man and perfect in his generation." That is he was not only 
just but there was in him no mixture of the seed of Cain, for this rea- 
son God spared him, that from a perfect or unmixed generation, the 
world after the deluge might begin to be populated. This view ac- 
cords with history sacred and profane, and with the economy of God. 
But the assumption of the Christian Herald has no foundation, save in 
the vagaries of the mind of which it is the effusion, for not a single 
passage in the Bible can be produced to show that polygamy was 
practiced by the ante-diluvians ; it does not even say that Lamech 
sinned by taking two wives ; nor that any other person followed in his 
steps. On these subjects the Bible is entirely silent, but it plainly 
declares that they sinned by marrying contrary to the com-mands of 
God, and without his authority. The writer further says, "in the 
days of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, polygamy prevailed, and it was 
the source of much domestic affliction to Abraham and Jacob. The 
general ignorance, voile nee, and wickedness of mankind either pre- 
vented them from reflecting on the evils of the system or indisposed 
them to give up their sensual gratifications." What does this wTiter 
mean ? Were the Patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, ignorant, 
voilent and wicked men, and were their dispositions to sensual gra- 
tifications so great that they were prevented from obeying the laws of 
God, or from reflecting upon the evil consequences of disobedience ? 
And yet these very men are set forth in the Scriptures as patterns of 
fidelity : yea, Abraham is called the Father of the faithful. In re- 
ference to the ignorance of the Patriarchs, or the age in which they 
lived, we would remark that the testimony of unquestionable evidence 
is that their knowledge in many things surpassed that of the present 
day. And as to the Patriarchs' knowledge of divine things, it will 
not be questioned for a moment by any honest person, but that it 
was far superior to that possessed by this generation, for they, the 
Patriarchs, were blessed with the ministrations of Angels, and held 
personal intercourse with God himself. If Sarah sinned by giving 
Hagar, and Abraham by taking her to wife, pray how was it that 
when the Lord visited Abraham to establish His covenant with him., 
which took place thirteen years after the birth of Ishmael, that not 
one word of reproof is uttered against Abraham or his wife Sarah, but 
they are peculiarly blessed. Hagar and Ishmael were living wi h 
Abraham. Hagar doubtless still occupied the place or state given 
unto her by her mistress, yet there is not one word of warning — not 
one expression of disapprobation, all is approval, all is blessing ; and 
not only so but we find in the next chapter, that the Lord liiirxself 
certified to Abraham's character in the following words: "For I 
know him, that he will command his children and his household after 
him, and they, shall keep the way of the Lord." Jacob also, who had 



28 

four wives (well that he did not live in this enlightened age,) when 
returning from his servitude with Labana, fearing the power of his 
brother Esau, sued God for protection and deliverance, conscious of 
the integrity of his heart and the rectihide of his conduct^ he pleads 
before the Lord, his own promise made to him at Bethal, saying, 
" and thou saidst, I will surely do thee good, and make thy seed as 
the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered in multitude ;" (j!en. 
32, 12, also 28 chap. 13 to 15. Yet, although Jacob saw angles and 
received a blessing from the person who wrestled with him, there is 
not one wx^rd of disapprobation or censure. If Jacob had done wrong 
God would as certainly have reproved him as ever he did David 
afterwards. The writer next states that " the laws of Moses were 
introduced to restrain polygamy, by preventing men from dismissing 
their wives without a sufficient cause." The above sentence contains 
two propositions ; the first is, that in order for a man to practice 
polygamy it is necessary that he put away his wife or wives, 'i'his 
idea is borrowed from the corrupt practice of modern Christendom, 
influenced and regulated by monogamy, and has no foundation in 
the laws of God or the lives of his Saints. It is nothing more than 
a mere subterfuge by which the writer hoped to hide the glaring 
falsehood contained in the next proposition. That the laws of God, 
as given to Moses, were opposed to polygamy. Now in reference to 
the second proposition we shall appeal to the consciences of the honest 
and reflecting portion of the public, not to that of the writer, for to 
us and a great portion of the public in this colony, it is quite evident 
that the poor fellow is in the same predicament as a certain very 
eminently learned Divine, Philosopher, and Critic, who once openly 
avowed that ''he could not afford to keep a conscience^ How can 
the above statement be consistent with the following portions of the 
Law^ of Moses recorded in Dent. 25, 5, " If brethren dwell together, 
and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not 
marry w ithout unto a stranger : her husband's brother shall go in 
unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an 
husband's brother unto her." Let the reader turn to his Bible and 
read on to the 10th verse ; see also Gen. 38, 8, and the Book of 
Ruth. Again we read Ex. 21, 9, 10, " And if he have betrothed her 
(a maid servant) unto his son, he shall deal with her after the man- 
ner of daughters. If he (the son) take him another wife, her food, 
her raiment, and her dutij of marriage shall he not diminish ; again 
Ex. 22, 16, 17, " If a man entice a maid, that is not betrothed, and 
lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.'^ There is no 
proviso here that if the man should not be previously married he was 
to endow her to be his wife, but the law is of general application, in- 
cluding the two classes, married and single ; in proof of this statement 
the reader is referred to Dent. 22, 10 to 17, also Numbers 31, 25 to 
47, we there find that the Lord commanded Moses to give to Eleazar 
na less than thirty-two at one fell stroke. Had some of our modern 
divines been there they might have taught the Lord the superior mo- 



29 

rality of one wife rather than two or more, and with their Collegate 
learning and wisdom have demonstrated unto the Aknighty, wlio is 
as infinitely removed in purity, goodness, and wisdom, from man as 
light is from darkness, how that a plurality of wives '^ led men into 
all the abominations of heathenism," and that the result would be, 
that they would become " completely brutalized by sensual gratifica- 
tion." Yes they might have asked some such a question as the fol- 
lowing : How was it that having only given one wife to man at the 
first, and declared that they twain should be one flesh, he should now 
dishonour his name and endeavour to degrade and enslave his people 
by leading them to indulge in gross sensuality, and thus "employ his 
holy name and authority to prevent the lovers of pleasure from being 
restrained in the connnission of iniquity." How was it that seeing 
polygamy had caused " much domestic uneasiness and affliction " 
to his servants '^Abraham and Jacob," that he should profess to re- 
ward his servants by giving as a blessing that which was a curse. 
How^ was it, that having by the deluge swept away " all who lived in 
polygamy" that he had not swept all desire to establish that heinous 
sin from his mind. But we sicken in the contemplation of the pro- 
fanely wicked, rebellious, and degenerate spirit that possesses this ge- 
neration, and especially the hireling priesthood thereof — "the hireling 
careth not for the sheep ;" — and shall now make extracts from the 
Kcv. Dr. ^lensor of Dublin's History of Marriage among the Jews. 
He writes " llie Mosaic law has not u})rooted the foundation and the 
basis upon which the history of Marriage among the Jews in the 
ante-Mosaic peiiod rested. It is true that it has modified the same 
in some instances, added new laws, restrained and forbidden many 
marriages ; yet it has wrought no positive change in the primeval 
statutes of the ante-Mosiac period ; on the contrary, it has retained 
all the principle rites of the same. The reason why the Mosaic law 
has not overthrown the principle statutes of the preceeding period is, 
because the history of marriage among the Jews is a peculiar one, 
and differs from any other history. The History of Marriage among 
the Jews has not developed itself, like the history of nations, etc., by 
natural and outward changes, which have carried their effects into 
the bosom of a particular nation, and thus transmuted the position of 
that nation into another one, and changed its political existence and 
form. No, the history of marriage among the Jews has developed 
itself in another way. Its origin is of God ; God himself has estab- 
lished this great and moral institution of marriage. Its development 
from the moment of its establishment to the period we are now ar- 
rived at, was by God, and through God, the founder of that sacred 
institution, and the Guardian of its moral rites. All its statutes is- 
sued from the living source, God, and his Divine command. And 
now, as God and his Divine will are mtchan(jeahle and vnalterahle 
we cannot be surprised to find the principal statutes of the ante- 
Mosaic period retained inthe revelation. The grass dries, the flowers 
Vvither, but the word of God remains Jor ever. 



30 

The writer next states that Christ " taught the spiritual import of 
the divine law and abolished polygamy." We would like to know 
what he means by the spiritual import of Divine law of Marriage. Is 
it real or imaginary? Is it eternal or temporal? If it is a bona fide 
law, forming an eternal relationship between its subjects, why do 
modern priests only unite in marriage till death parts ? If it is only 
intended to operate in this life, pray where is its spiritual character? 
for if spirituality has any tangible meaning with the writer, it must 
be that it is eternal. But if his ideas of the spiritual nature of the 
law is the same as his idea of the spiritual nature of the Divine 
Being it will puzzle not only himself but all the learned schools of 
Modern Christendom to define it ; and after all their labours they 
would only show that like their Deity and their heaven, it was only a 
phantom conjured up by their own crude imaginations founded, not 
on the Bible, but on the vain philosophy of the schools. Their God is 
a great immaterial being. Material means something — immaterial 
is its oposite, and must therefore mean nothing. Their God is a 
great nothing. No wonder at their contending that he has neither 
body, parts, or passions, for it is impossible it should be otherwise. 
No wonder at their declaring that their God does not sanction poly- 
gamy, for that would imply action. How could nothing act? It 
could neither approve nor disapprove. Their God is not the God 
of the Bible, for we find that he walked in the garden, and with 
Enoch ; that he visited Abraham's tent, had his feet washed, and 
partook of food. It is not the God that wrested with Jacob, that 
spoke to Moses face to face, and that vras seen by the Elders of Israel 
on the Mount, and of whose "person" Christ "was the ejpresshnngey 
He further states that Christ abolished polygamy. Oh ! what a 
sweeping statement — get your Testament ready, reader, for it is 
made by a very learned doctor — oh ! that's a slip of the pen — w^e 
mean a learned divine, whose piety is above suspicion, and made for 
the purpose of overthrowing Mormonism; so you may depend upon 
it that there is good proof of the fact in the Testament, else he would 
never have made the statement, for you know that for a learned man 
to make such a statement, without having good proof, would look like 
wilful wickedness, and that does not agree with piety. Well now, 
open your book, we will proceed to the proof^abolished polygamy 
— see, no we don't read see. Why, there is no citation from scrip- 
ture ! there is not a single reference to any portion ! Perhaps he 
writes by the same rule that he preaches, that is for hire, and that 
the amount of pay regulates the time occupied in labouring, and that 
finding time to run on quicker than the cogitations of his mind, which 
on some inexplicable account were dul and heavy, he could not stop 
to refer to the unalterable word of God. Well, we feel to pity the 
poor man, and feel inclined to assist him a little if he will permit us, 
(our fears are that he won't accept of our assistance.) Perhaps, see- 
ing from the following sentence that his mind was fixed on the 5th 
Chap, of Matthew 5 he might (not) have referred to the 17th and 18th 



31 

verses of the same, which read as follows, '^ Think not that I am 
come to destroy the law, or the prophets ; 1 am not corae to destroy 
but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, 
not one jot or tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be 
fulfilled." Do you think that the pious writer reflected that the laws 
of marriage used by the Patriarchal age, or ante-Mosaic period, came 
from God, were continued in their principal features and character in 
the past Mosaic period, or the period specially governed by the reve- 
lations or laws given to Moses, and that the restoration of the same 
in the last days was promised by the prophets. See lasiah 13, 12 and 
4 chap, and that therefore seeing that Christ had not come " to des- 
troy the law but to fulfil it," it necessarily followed that the law re- 
mained the same, it being easier for the heavens or earth to fail than 
that one jot or tittle of it should pass away, and that the result of 
citing this passage would be that in place of favouring his unfounded 
assertion it would have openly declared against it. We hope that 
we may be pardoned for appearing lengthy, but w^e cannot avoid 
suggesting one passage more which this man, and those who side with 
him in their boundless (minus the less) wisdom, think to be a com- 
plete antidote to polygamy. It is in the 28th verse, " But I say unto 
you, that whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath com- 
mitted adultry with her already in his heart." Why did he not cite 
this passage? do you think that he saw that it affected Monogamy 
as much as polygamy, yea that its light showed the corruption of 
Christendom, who regulate their sexual intercourse by lustful feelings, 
not by the pure and holy feeling of procreation. The priest per- 
forms the marriage ceremony with a lust for the fee ; the man takes 
a wife not to glorify God, but to gratify his lusts. His future inter- 
com-se with his wife is not regulated by the law of increase, but 
by positive lust. Yes, there are tens of thousands who, when their 
intercourse results in the procreation of man, it is esteemed by them 
as quite a calamity, and contrary to the custom of the ancients. The" 
barren womb is esteemed the most blessed. The reason that God's 
people esteemed the most fruitful w^omb, the most blessed, was be- 
cause they knew that the '* fruit of the womb v\^as the reward of the 
Lord," Ps. 127, 3, upon this blessing all others depend ; so the an- 
cients looked upon children as gracious gifts from the Lord. Gen. 33, 
5. Their possession caused gladness and joy, their want grief and 
sorrow. But at all times when the people have repudiated the Au- 
thority of God, or his priesthood, in the institution of marriage with 
the perpetuity of the covenants, thereof, woman has always been 
looked upon merely as a convenience for gratifying man's lusts ; and 
thus when the exciting cause ceased their interests in the object of 
their lusts ceased also, and thus the desire to put away arises in the 
mind, and if there are any difficulties in the way all its powers and 
energies are called in quest to accomplish the end. Hence the laws 
of divorcement in ancient and modern times, it must be evident to 
every reflecting mind that divorcement strictly speaking does not per- 



tain to polygamy, but to monogamy. It is necessary for the mono- 
gamist, but not for the polygamist, tlie latter can practice plurality 
without being divorced, tiie former cannot. It is not because mo- 
dern Christendom does not practice })lurality that it condems it, else 
why its acts of divorcement, giving man power to put aAvay his wife 
that he may have another. Its multitude of kept mistresses, with all 
its dens of infamy, were '^ female virtue, which is the fountain of 
life," is bought and sold as a marketable comodity, of which more 
again. But it is because it has lost the grand idea of what woman 
is, the end for which man and woman were united, and the grand 
ultimatum of the pure and unalloyed intercourse between them. Had 
they possessed the same ideas as the ancients on these matters their 
intercourse would not have been regukited by lust. Abraham did 
not take Hagar from feelings of lust, neither does it appear that 
Jacob's intercourse with his four wives was regulated by any other 
principle than the pro-creation of nuxn, which was esteemed the grand 
end of marriage by God's people in every age. Upon this subject 
we shall again extract from the work of the Rev. Dr. Mensor of 
Dublin's History of Marriage among the Jews. (There is no one 
for a moment will suspect him of being a Mormon, for they, the 
Mormons have no Revd.) The author having described the supe- 
riority which the man i)ossessed over the woman, writes, " It be- 
hoves us, however, here to remark, that the superiority which the 
man possessed over the woman, amongst the ancestors of the Jewish 
nation, was by no means equal to that superiority which other 
eastern tribes exercised, and still exercise, over their wedded wives. 
Amongst the other eastern tribes the wife has been, and is still, 

regarded by her husband as no more than a slave 

The elevated condition of woman amongst our Jewish 

ancestors, as described in the preceeding chapter, was, however, not 
accidental. The Jews, who have preserved the word of God in its 
purity through centuries of persecutions, have also retained the pure 
idea of marriage. The husband, among our predecessors, was aware 
that woman was counterpart of himself, and that he, together with 
her exhibited the total of human nature. He knew that God made 
woman of a part of man on purpose to indicate to him that he should 
cherish her as a part of himxself. He knew that the woman was 
given to him as a mate by God ; he therefore permitted to his wife 
a superior condition than did the husband of the other tribes. He 
knew that although God had made him superior to woman, yet it was 
not the Divine will that man should abuse her who was created in a 
form so majestic, gentle, and amiable, with feelings so innocent and 
pure. The chief object of marriage was to regenerate children under 
a moral system ; in other words, marriage was contracted for the 
purpose of the procreation of a man's own self in those which come 
forth from his loins. To raise children however was not only the 
chief object of marriage, but it was regarded as the chief mission of 
man in this world ; for to regenerate children was the first Divine 



33 

command given to the parents of the human race. "And God ere- 
ated man in his image, Male and Female created he them. And 
God blessed them and said to them be fruitful and multiply, replenish 

the earth and subdue it," Gen. 1, 28 But a marriage entered 

into for the sake of satisfying any carnal desire, or for the sake of 
augmenting property by a dowry from the bride, such a marriage as 
ever been regarded by the Jews as an inmioral one, as one that re- 
ceiveth not the sanction and the blessing of the Almighty God. Thus 
the Talmudical sages teach, " He that marries a woman only for the 
sake of her dowry will at last divorce her." Again, every affection 
that depends on some sensual worldly cause, if that cause ceaseth, 

the affections ceases Where do we meet with an affection 

dependant upon a sensual cause ? such was the love of Amnion to 
Tamar : but then what are our laws about marriage ? That law- 
owns no other connection of the sexes but that which nature has ap- 
pointed, of a man with his wife, and that this be used only for the 
procreation of Children. 

(To be Continued ) 



CELESTIAL MARRIAGE IN DESERET. 
(Extracts from the "Seer.") 

No man in Utah, v^ho already has a wife, and who may desire to obtain another, has any^ 
right to make any propositions of marriage to a lady, until be has cnosulied the President 
over the whole Church, and through him, obtains a revelation from God, as to whether it 
would be pleasing in His sight. If he is forbidden by revelation, that ends the matter; if, by 
revelation the privilege is granted, he still has no right to consult the feelings of the young 
lady, until he has obtained the approbation of her parents, provided they are living at Utah ; 
if their consent cannot be obtained, this also ends the matter. But if their parents or guar- 
dians freely give their consent, then he may make propositions of marriage to the young 
lady ; if she refuse these propositions, this also ends the matter ; but if she accept, a day is 
generally «et apart by the parties, for the marriage ceremony to be celebrated. It is neces- 
sary to state, that before any man takes the least step towards getting another wifo; it is hia 
doty to consult the feelings of the wife which he already has, and obtain her consent, as 
recorded in the 24th paragrajjh the of revelation published in the first number of the 'Seer.* 

When the day set apart for the soleronJzition of the marriifge ceremony has arrived, the 
bridegroom, and his wife, and also the bride, together with their relatives, and such other 
guests as may be invited, assemble at the place which they have appointed. The scribe 
then proceeds to take the names, ages, native towns, counties, states, and countries, of the 
parties going to be married, which he carefully enters on record. The President, who is 
the Prophet Seer, and Revelator over the whole Church throughout the world, and who 
alone holds theke^s of authority in this solemn ordinance— as recorded in the 2nd and 5 h 
paragraphs of the Revelation on Marria^^e — calls upon the bridegroom, and his wife, and 
the bride, to arise, which they do fronting the President. The wife stands on the left hand 
of her husband, while the bride stands on her left. The President then puts this question 
to the wife ;—•• Are you willing to give this woman to your husband to be his lawful and 
wedded wife for time and for all eternity ? If you are you will manifest it by placicg her 
right hand within the right hand of your husband." The right hands of the bridegroom 
and bride being thus joined, the wife lakes her husband by the left arm, as if in the at- 
titude of walking ; the President then proceeds to ask the followiiig question of the man : — 
Do you brother, (calling him by name,) take sister, {calling thehrtde by her name,) by the 
right hand, to receive her unto yourself, to be your lawful and wedded wile, and you to be 
her lawful and wedded husband, for time aud fur all eternity, with a covcnanl aud proniisr. 



34 

on your part, that you will fulfil all the laws, rites and ordioancea, pertaining In this holy 
matrimooy, in the new and everlasting covenant, doing this in the presence of God, angels 
and these witnesses, of your own free will and choice ? " The bridegroom answers yes. 
The President then puts the question to the bride :— '* Do you sister, {calling her by name,) 
take brother, {calling him by name ) by the right hand, aid give yourself to him. to be 
his lawful and wedded wife for time and for all eternity, with a covenant Hnd promise, on 
your pirt, that you will fulfil all the laws, rites, and ordinances, pertaining to this holy 
iriatrimony, in the new and everlasting covenant, doing this in the presence of God, angels, 
and these witnesses of your own free will and clioice ?*' The bride answers, jes. The 
President then says.'In the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the authority of the Holy 
Priesthood. I pronounce you legally and lawfully husband and wife, for time and for all e- 
ternity;andl seal upon you th«' blessings of the holy resurrection with power to come forth 
in the morning of the first resurrection, clothed with glory, imaortaiity, and eternal lives j 
and 1 seal upon you the blessings of thrones, and dominions, and principalities, and pow- 
ers, and exaltations, together with the blessings of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob ; and say 
unto you, be fruitful and multiply, and replenish the earth, that you may have joy and re- 
joicing in your posterity in the day of the Lord Jesus. All these blessings, together with 
all other blessings pertaining to the new and everlasting covenant, I teal upon jour heads, 
through your faithfulness unto the en'', by the authority of the holy priesthood, in the 
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, Amen." Tl)e Scribe then en- 
ters, on the General Record, the date and place of the marriage, together with the names of 
two or three witnesses who were present. 

In the Revelation of Marriage, we are informed that there is never but one man on the 
earth at the same time who holds the keys to minister the ceremony of marriage for time 
ard for all eternity, and to seal the same on earth with authority, so that it may be acknow- 
ledged and sealed in Heaven. The keys of authority are conferred by reveJaUoTi, and by 
the holy anointing, upon the Prophet, Seer, and Revelator of the Church, who is the Pre- 
sident over all the S.iints througliout the world. In cases where it is inconvenient for him 
to attend, he has the authority to appoint others to officiate in his stead. But in ail cases 
of this nature, he must be consulted by the part-es, and liis sanction beobtained. 

When a man who has a wife, teaches her the law of God, as revealed to the ancient Pa- 
triarchs, and as manifested by new revelation, and she refuses to give her consent for 
bim to mairy another according to that law. then, it becomes necessary for her to state, be- 
fore the President, the reason why she williholds her consent ; if her reasons are stfficient 
and justifiable, and the husband is found in fault, or in transgression, then, he is not per- 
mitted to take any step in regard to another. But if the wife ran show no good reason w l)y 
she refuses to comply with the law which was given unto Sarah of old. then it is lawful for 
her husband, if permitted by revelation through the Prophet, to be married to others without 
her consent, and he will be justified, and she will be condemned, because she did not give 
them unto him, as Sarah gave Hagar unto Abraham, and as R,achel and Leah gave Bilhah 
mnd Zilhah to their husband Jacob. 

It is the duty of a man who takes another wife, to look after her welfare and happiness, 
and to provide for her the comforts of life, the same as for the first ; for the Scripture, in 
speaking of such a man, says, '* If he takes him another wife, her food, her raiment, aiid 
her duty of marriage, shall Le not diminish." Exodus xxi. 10. 

There is no particular rule, as regards the residence of the different branches of a family. 
It is very frequently the case that they all reside in the same dwelling, and teke hold 
unitedley, and with the greatest cheerfulnessof ihedifTerent branches of household or domes- 
tic business, eating at the same table, and kindly looking after each other's welfare, while 
the greatest peace and harmony prevail year after year. Their children play and associate 
together with the greatest affection as brothers and sisters; while each mother apparently 
manifests as much kindness and tender regard for the chil'iren of the others, as for her 
own. And morning and evening, when the husband calls together his famaiiy towoiship 
the Lord and call upon His name, xhty all bow the knee, and with the greatest union of 
feeling, offer their devotions to ihe Most High. 

It is sometimes the case that the husband provides for his wives separate habitations, as 
Jacob did for his four wives, each of whom had a sefiarale lenn See Genesis xxxi 33. 
Where all the wives are equeliy faithful, the husbaud geuerally endeavours to treat them all 
viihout partiality. 

Jealousy is an evil wirh which the Saints at Utah are but seldom trcifr led ; it is an evil 
that is not countenanced by either male or female ; and sliould any indulge such a passion 
they would bring a disgrace and /eproach upcn themselves which they could not easily wipe 
away. And indeed, it is very rare that there is any causes for jealousy ; for the citizens of 
that Territory think more of iheir virtue than they do of their lives. They kno« that if 



35 

they have any connexions out of the marriage covenant, they do not only forfeit their lives 
hy the law of God, but they forfeit their salvation abo. Wi h such views resting upon ihe 
minds of both old and young, the people have the greatest of confidence in each other's in- 
tegrity ; they can entrust their wives and daughters, without any distrust, to the protection 
and care of their neighbours. Under the strict and rigid laws of virtue which prevail and 
are carried into general practice, wives are not in constant fear of the inconstancy of their 
husbands ; parents are not fearful of their cliildren being seduced and their characters being 
destroyed ; neither are (hey fearful that their children will form contracts of maiTinge with- 
out their consent ; for such a thing is nat allowed in the whole leriitnry. Such a state of 
things actually existing, not in theory alone, hut in gecerii practice, removes every cause 
for jealousy, distrust, and want of confidence, and lays a broad and permanent foundation 
for peace and union. If a man ill-treats any of his wives, he is lookfd upon as having 
violated the law of God, and it is difficult for hian to recover from the disgrace. 

There are more quarrellings and jealousies, and disunions, and evil spPHkin^s. in one 
week, among two thousand families, taken at random any where in the United States, or 
England, than would ba seen throughout all Utah Territory in five years. And there is 
more unvirtuous conduct piacticed in one day in New York city, or Albany, or BiilfHlo, 
or Cincinnati, or St, Louis, than would be practiced in Utwh in a thousand geucTalions, 
unless they greatly degenerated from their present standard of morals. 



A WORD WITH OUR OPPONENTS. 
(Extract from the "Seer.") 



We sliould be pleased to have some of the wise theologians of our diy bring forward 
even one passige from either the Old or New Testament to prove that the plurality of 
wives is an evil. Let them produce some passage, if they can, to show that such a practice 
was sinful either under the Patriarchal, Mosaic, or Christian dispensations. Let them 
show that the practice was not continued under the Christian dispensations. Wh^re and 
when did our Saviour ever condemn it ? Where and when did any of his Apostles ever 
condemn it? Here, then, ye ministers of Christendom, are some grave questions for you 
to settle. Would you convert the "Mormons" of Utah Territory from this practice- show 
them that it is sinful or uuscriptural. No sooner was it sounded abroad through the 
columns of the "Seei" that the Saints in Utah believed in and practiced tlie plurality of 
wives, than the whole army of editors and ministers throughout Ciiristendom formed 
themselves in battle array ; the thunder of their artillery is heard reverbKrating from 
nation to nation, as though they would annihilate the poor citizens of Utah, with one 
tremendous onslaught — curses, denunciations, and redicule, are poured out like a fljod 
upon their heads. The whole English vocabulary is exhauited to find epithets and 
reproaches sufficiently expressive of tiieir holy horror. But in this holy war « here is the 
editor or minister that can brandish the sword of truth against that which he condemns ? 
Where is the theological Goliath of modern Christendom that can stand before the s ing 
stones of truth as they are hurled by the power of Israel's God into the midst of the 
enemy's camp? Denunciations are not arguments — curses and vile reproaches will not 
convince tile judgement, nor enlighten mankind. Editors and ministers will find some 
wise men yet left on the earth , who are not afraid of the Bible nor of Bible truths ; by that 
sacred volume they will form their judgment, and not upon popular traditions nor the 
denunciations of the bigoted. Wise men of Babylon wonder — editors are astonished — 
ministers are amnzed — priestcraft trembles to its very centre — and the Ddvil and his 
angles are mad to think that after all iheir united exertions to put a stop to the spread of 
this awful delusion ag it is denounced, it still prospers with unparrelled success among 
every nation to which it had been published. How is it, inquires the wise statesman, that 
such a bare-faced imposition converts its tens of thousands annually among the most 
civilized nations of the earth ? What is the secret of this prosperity ? We will tell you, 
Mr. Statesman, there are many tens of thousards of honest, upright men, who, in despite 
of priestcraft, will investigate for themselves, and in so doing, they find that "Mormonism," 
which is called by editors and raioisiers a ''bare-faced imposition," has never as yet btf>n, 
proved to be such — they find that the cry of delusion is one thing, and the proof of 
delusion is another —they reason among themselves, that if '\Morn^oniam" is such a "base 



38 

impoBition/' why has not some giant theologian bepn able, after a soore of years, to prove 
it to be such ? They find the world flooded with boui:s, pamphlets, periodicals, editors, 
ministers, mobs, and murderers, all crying '*Beware of Mormonism ! " "Beware of that 
soul-destroying imposition !" "Beware of the wicked, heaslly, licentious Mormons ! ! " 
•'Beware of Mormon Polygamy ! ! !" The Mormons of Utah are Polygamists ! ! ! '* "O 
awful!" "O horrible!" *'0 abominable!" "Who could have believed it!" 
•♦Cannot Gen. Pierce do something to put a stop to this dreadful evil .' " *'To avert the 
calamities of civil war, the Mormons should be made to obey the laws ! " Such are the 
arguments, Mr. Statesman, that wise and candid men hear against the so called delusion. 
They again reflect if "Mormonism" is really such a dreadful delusion, and if a plurality of 
wives is, indeed, so sinful and unscriptural, wby are not some candid arguments — some 
scriptural evidences forth-coming to convince the judgment and enlighten the mind, and 
to show the nature of the delusion, and why, and wherein it is a delusion ? Why,8>iy 
they, are all these denunciations heaped upon the Laitar-Day Saints, without one logical 
arRument, or scriptural evidence to sustain them ? 

If editors and ministers wish to put a slop to the rolling of the great whe Is of 
••Mormonism," we advise them to try another plan. You h:ive tound that evil epithets 
and the cry of imposture, have been tried in vain. Such empty Irash is becoming stale ; it 
is not received as evidence by a thinking public. They (Id not greedily swallow it down ; 
they want something more substantial. Theolo^jians back up their cry of delusion by 
good, sound reasoning — by evidences from the Word of God. Let editors and authors, 
for once, show themselve* men of sense; let them, for once, appeal to the law and 
IfSiimony.und expose ''Mormonism" scripturally ; let them, for once, prove to the world 
that the doctrines of the Latter-Day Saints are false ; let them show from the Word of God 
tbat a plurality of wives is sinful or unscriptural. If they will, for once, adopt this plan, 
they will find that it will have more weight in the minds of an intelligent, thinking public, 
than all the ridicule, vile reproaches, and popular denunciations, that the devil can invent. 
Try it and see. If you will prove "Mormonism" to be a delusion j if you will show by the 
Word of God that a plurality of wives ia not sanctioned under the Gospel as it was under 
former dispensations, you will greatly enlighten the minds of the people of Utdh. Thick 
not that the decendaots of the pilgrim fatliers— the intelligent sons and daughters of the 
New England States — the citizens of this great Republic, educated under the salutary in- 
-fluence of American institutions, who now dwell in exile in the Mountain Territory, are so 
lost in the depths of barbarism— so engulphed in the fatal vortex of delusion — so im- 
penetrable to sound arguments and logical reasoning— so blind to the great truths con- 
tained in the Word of God, that they are beyond all hopes of recovery. At least make the 
exertion once ; convince them of their errors of doctrines or errors of practice. Let 
missionaries be sent among them ; they shall be treated with the highest respect ; meeting 
houses shall be opened to them free of all expense ; the people will turn out by tens of 
thousands to hear their strong reasonings, and if they are able to prove "Mormonism" a 
delusion, they will convert the great majority of the Territory. Here, then, is a splendid 
field for missionary enterprise. But let us notify you to send men who are not afraid of 
the word of God. Let men be sent who will make no denunciation, only such as they 
are able to prove ; for the inhabitants of Utah have too much sense to be thus gulled and 
duped; they have two much experience to believe all that missionaries and editors say 
without proof ; they have two much honesty and desire for the truth, to believe a thing to 
be true or untrue because long established customs and popularity sanction it. The people 
of Utah hear and then judge ; they think for themselves, and do not hire ministers and 
editors to think for them. Come, then, you missionary societies whose bosoms yearn 
over the dark and benighted heathen in foreign climes, awake to the awful condition of 
the poor and outcast Latter- Day Saints in our land ; send forth your master spirits — 
your Calvins — your Luihers— your Wesleys ; let the thunder of their eloquence be heard 
upon the mountain tops ; let the vales of Utah be refreshed by their sublime effusions ; let 
the hills and mountain gorges re-echo the glad tidings, till every ear shall hear, and every 
heart be penetrated. A voice is heard from Utah, saying, come over and help us ; teach 
us of our errors; convince us of our delusions, if we nave any ; set us in the good old 
paths of ancient Christianity, if we are not walking therein ; take us by the hand and lead 
us into the light, if you consider us in darkness ; prove to us that the Book of Mormon is 
an imposition, that «e may bejustified in rejecting it ; convince us that a plurality of wives 
IS contrary to the gospel; let your light thine upon the mountains and upon the highest 
places of the earth, that IJtah may, peradventure, bscome eclightened ; at least, that she 
may be able to see some of the beauties of civilized society. The inhabitants of that dark, 
and benighted land, are so far sunk in the depth of barbarism, that ihey will not suffu'r a 
public proBtiiuie to live in the Territory ; an adulterer or seducer is not considered fit lo 



37 

live in that barbarous land. Ttie ornaments of civilized and Christian nations, do not yet 
adorn the cities aud towns of Utah. Cursing, swearing, gambling . drunkenness, stealing. 
brother going to law with brother, fij^hting, quarrelling, and such like specimens of 
civilized society, h^ve not yet been introduced to polish and refine the manners of that de- 
luded, benighted people. Missionaries, therefore, will have a gre=it work to perform to re- 
claim the "Mormons" from all their barbarous and degrading customs, and polish and 
adorn them with all the beauties of civilization. Bat let theai not be discouraged ; if they 
can prove that they have greater light than the Saints, they may be assured of success, 
and that the people "en masse" will be converted 

If enthusiasts and religious bigots are not pleased with the liberties guaranteed in 
the great Constitution of this country, let them petition Congress or Parliament for a 
different kind of gOTernmeot — one that shall combine the eclesiastical with the civil power 
—one that shall incorporate the holy inquisition for the punishment of all heretics who 
dare think or act, for themselves - one that shall issue a bloody edict for the extermination 
of the Latter-day Saints wherever they can be found : such a government would be 
much better adapted to their wants: such a government would enable them to rule over 
the consciences of men by the sword, the faggot, and the fire : such a government would 
enable them to effectually demolish ail delusions and heretical opinions by physical argu- 
ments, instead of mental. O, how beautiful! how logical! how poweiful in its applica- 
tions would such an order of things be ! Before such irresistible logic the poor "Viormons" 
would stand no chance at all : they would be overpowered, butchered, roasted alive, as an 
unequivocal testimony of their gross delusions. 



SHORT HISTORY OF THE MORMONS. 
("Extracts from theSanil Louis Weekly Uuion, October 7 ") 

**The rise and progress of the Mormons as a body of religionists are perhaps among 
the most remarkable events ot the present century." Only twenty one years ago, this 
seed sprung up in the state of New York, under circumstances which left those who pro- 
fessed the faith liable to as much ridicule as abuse. Bath were heaped upon them above 
measure, and stil they kept on increasing. Driven from one place to anoiher — Luited for 
slaughter like beasts of pray — they still endured all ; and still maintained their onward 
progress, from Missouri, where they settled, after inhuman butcheries had been com- 
mitted on them. They were driven like wild beasts ; and when again they re-arranged in 
Illinois, and built up the beautiful town of Nauvoo, they were again driven out of their 
homes and resting place, by the force of outlawery, backed by local public opirtion. Their 
main leader Joseph Smith, the founder of their order, and his brother were shamefully 
butchered, as well as seven others, when they scattered themselves for a time hither and 
thither throughout the World ; and finally in a short time afterwards appeared again in an 
organized form stronger than ever, since their last re-organization and their fixed pupose, 
as they assert, of acting under divine command ; to settle at what is known as the Sa't 
Lake Country, no parallel to their increase can be found in modern times. Not satisfied 
with putting many Mormons to death, and driving ail of them, in a body, from the 
bettled and civilized parts of the United States, to a wild and unsettled country of the 
West. We have, as a people, with only a few exceptions stultified their names and de- 
famed their religion. 

We not only ''stoned them and beat them with many stripes" until we drove them from 
the States, but we spoke and published defamations about them of the most scandalnun 
kind. We charged upon them licentiousness and lasciviousness of the worst descrij tion, 
anong other things than which it now is known, nothing could be further from the truit , 
and thus we went on, until public attention, and finally public sympathy, were turutd 
toward them and made them converts to their faith by thousands. 

No body of people in the whole world, not greater in number, seems to us, to occupy a 
position so peculiarly prominent and powerful* whether considered in reference to religion, 
polotics, or commerce, as those people who have founded their Zion in the bosom of the 
Salt Lnke Country. It would be a blessing to all editors, if they would learn to tell the 
truth about the "Mormons," as does the Union in the above extracts. There are many 
who do, but we have not space for all the friendly and truthful sketches we see ; and much 



38 

less space for the fa'aiioodt which is ignorant, wicked and deslning- men an<l editors are 
disposed to originate, and propogate, causing ianocent blood to he shed on the earth ; 
which, if scripture be true, they must atone for sooner or latter, M; soul come not thou 
into their secrets. 



THE COMING CRISES— HOW TO MEET IT, 

A great and awful crisis is at hand —such a crisis was never known before since the 
foundation of the world. All nations are looking throufjh the misty future, in order to 
descry, if possible, what is about to happen. Mmy sermons li^ve been preached, mnny 
speeches have been mide, and some pamphlets have been publislied, with the hope of 
liftiog up the veil of the future. Yet none but theseivants of God who have the testimony 
of Jesus, vvjjich is the spirit of prophecy, can unfold the noysleries of the future. They 
can give the trump of a eertain sound, and their council will not he guess work. God 
will do nothing except He reveal His secrets to His servants the prophets, God, the Lord 
God of Israel, will t^ke the control of these great events which are shortly to come to pass. 
Not a sparrow will fall to the ground without His notice. But His servants will be fully 
advised of every important event th^t is to transpire. They will he the Heralds of 
blessings and also of vengeance. For the Lord bath a conlrorersy wiih all nations, and 
the hour of recompense is at hand. 

But, says, the reader, I would like to know of what this crisis is to consist ! Who are 
the contesting p^^rties ? Well, reader, if yon will he patient and honest hearted, praying 
withal, with unceasing diligence and thanksgiving to GoJ, you shall have the keys of 
such knowledge as all the sectarian priests of Christendam are by no means able to reveal, 
because they are only revealed to God's servants, the prophets, 

Perhaps you will be disappointed, if I tell you that the time is coming, and now is, whjn 
not only God, the highest of all, shall be revealed in spirit and in mighty power, but the 
Devil or Satan also, will be revealed in signs and wonders, and in mighty deeds • Tnis 
reader, is the great key to all the marvelous events which are to transpire shortly upon 
the earth. 

Now just stop right hore, and pause, and mark emphatically this key. Then yon and I 
will proceed to unlock the mysteries and to prepare ourselves to the battle. For there will 
be no neutrals in the approaching controversy. 1 say again, that God the h'gbest of all 
will make bare His arm in the eyes of all nations. And the heavens even will be rent, 
and the lightning down of his power will be felt by all nations. But this is not all. 
Satan also will be revealed;, He has made some manifestations of his power in different 
periods of the world, but never bsfore has there been such an array of numbers on Ida 
side, never before such a consoiidntion of armies and rulers, never before has there been 
such an imposing and overwhelming exhibition of miracles as S^tan will shortly make 
manifest. Don't suppose for a moment, that I am uttering diik say ngs or speaking un- 
advisedly upon speculation or the strength of mere human opinion. Don't tell me about 
Popes and Prelates silting in the temple of God as God. One far greater than any Pope 
or prelate is soon to be revealed, and he will claim to be worshipped as God. Now remem. 
ber, that it is no modern wicked man that is going to claim divine honours. No, it is the 
old Serpent, the Devil. He it is that will head the opposition against God and His Christ. 
And he. the son of perdition it is, that will be allowe<l a much longer chain than hererto- 
fore. And such will be tha greatness of his power, that it will seem to many that he is en- 
tirely loose. He will be so far unshackeled and unchained that his power will deceive all 
nations, even the world. And the elect will barely escape the power of his sorceries, enchant- 
ments, and miracles ! And even God, Himself, ihe true God, will contribute to put means 
and instruments in his way, and at hand for his use, so that he can have a full trial of his 
sirength and cunning, with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in tbem that perish. 

It is not to be expected that Satan will carry on his great warfare against Christ and 
his Saints, by means of any one religion exclusively. It is not the Papal or Protestant 
religion alone that you have need to fear. But the great and abominable Church which 
you should expect to encounter is Anti-Christ. Whatever exalts and opposes itself to God; 
that is Anti-Christ, whether it is a civil or religious power. But the most formidable pjw- 
er that will be arrayed against Christ and his Saints in the last days, will consist in the 
revelilions of Satan. These revelations of Satan will co-ae in every medium and channel 



39 

>>y which the cunninfjf aod power of Satan can be brought to bear agaiast the po\ver of the 
Saints and their Lord. It is a great mistake to suppose that Sjitan is altogether a religi* 
ous personage. No, fur from this. He is a politician, a philo opher, an erudite scholar, 
a linguist, a metaphysician, a military commander, a prince, a god, a necromancer, an en- 
clinnter, a diviner, raagacian, a sorcerer, a prophet, and (if it were not railing) a clergyman 
and liar from lUo be«iariir.g. W'lli these universal endowments, ha has never hitherto made 
a full and grand exhibidim of ni-iiself, as it remains for him to do. But the Lord, who 
gave him an opportunity to try his halery upoa good old .Tob, is fully designing to give 
him sufficient apparatus to deceivo all the nations that love not the truth, aad have pleas- 
ure in unrighteousness. His sigus and tokens nre as ancient as the apostucy of C'fiin, and 
as varied as will suit the secret designs of all ages. Through him men learn Ijow to be- 
come " observers of times and seasons," with great skill and astonishing accuracy. He 
presides over arts of astrology, clairvoyance, mesmerism, electro-bioligy, and all augeries 
and divinations. Baing Prince of the powar of the air, he understands aeronautic and 
steam navigation, and he can compose and combine tlie various elements, throu^^h the co- 
operation of them that believe in iiira, with far more than human skill. Now don't doubt 
what I say concerninir this matter, but rather read the history of his skilful exploits and 
mighty power, as they are recorded in the Old and New Testaments. Take a Bible and 
Concordance, (if yojii have any faith ia the Bible, left, in an age when the Bible is perver- 
ted beyond all oiher books,) and read aileniively for yourselves, and you will there ieara 
that I am telling you the truth. 

Now there is a greater destruction coming upon the wicked nations of the earth, than 
was even experienced by Pharaoh at the Red Seu But before that destruction can be made 
manifest, mens' hearts will be hardened, and wickedness will rise to a more overtowering 
height than many bye-gone generations have been allowed to witness. God through His 
Prophet, will roar out Zion. His voice will be heard in spite of all the confusioo and in- 
dignant oppositioa from many nations. After the testimony of his servants has been pro- 
claimed to all nation?, as a witness, then shall the scene of the end come. Aad great shall 
be that Ecene. The D^vil in the last stage of deS|)eratioo, will lake such a pre-emient lead 
in literature, politics, pliilos'jphy, and religion; in wars, famines, pestilences, earthquakes 
thunderings, and ligiitenings, setting cities in confligeration, &3., that mighty kings an(3, 
powerful nations will be constrained to fall down and worship him. And they will marvel 
at his great power, an I wonder after him with great aatonishment. For his signs and 
wonders will be among all nations. Men will be raised for the epxress purpose of further- 
ing the designs and marvelljui works of the devil. Every description of curious and mys- 
terious art'' that penetrate beyond the common pale of human sagasity and wisdom, will be 
studied and practised beyond whathasbeen known l)y mere mortals. The great capabilities 
of theelements, of fire, air, earth, and water, will be brought into requsition by cunning 
men under the superior cutming of the prince and god or this world. And, ioflited with 
the knowledge of these wonderful arts and powers, men will becouoe boasters, heady, high- 
minded, oroud, and despisers of that which is good. But the God which is above all, and 
over all, and who ruleth in the armies of heaven, and amongst the inhabitants of the earth, 
and will not be a silent observer of such spiritual wickedness in high places, and among 
the rulers of the darkness of this world. For the master spirits of wickedness of all ages, 
and of worlds visible and invisible, will be arrayed in the rebellious ranks before the closing 
scene shall transpire. Now just at this time, God will come out of His hiding place and 
vex the nations in His hot displeasure. By the naouih of His Prophet H? wili rebuke strong 
nations afar off, noiwilhstanchng their strong armies and great miraclesi. and cunning arts. 
His servant, the Prophet, in Zon will have marvelous boldness to rebuke them, and lo lay 
down before them in plainn^'ss and inflexible firmness the law of the Lord. 

TO BE COMINUED. 



GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. 

Late from Sail Lake, the ground was broken February l^th to commence the foundatioa 
of the Temple. 

A|)ril 6th, Ht the Annual Conference the corner atone was laid for the erection of a hoase 
to the name of the Lord. 

The Saints are gathering by thousands to the City of Saints ; several thousands have 
gathered in this season from the different parts of Europe, the work of the Lord ia rolling 
fourth in England very rapidly. 



40 

News from Honolulu. June 9t.li, receivad by le'ier, from B. F. Johnson. The Mission 
are all well and in good health. The work is progressing with them ; there had been at 
the above date rising four hundred baptised from February 15th. The work is going forth 
upon the neighbouring Islands in a like lAanner. A great work is yet to be done upon the 
Islands of the Pacific. 

Australia — Elders A. P. Dowdleand J. W. Norton. — 

Adelaide, September 13th. The Spirit of the Lord is moving among the people, and 
many are being added to the kingdom of God, — many are erquiring after the truth. 

These has been two branches organised, the third to be organised in a few days. 

The Lord is gathering out the honest in heart, and will soon complete his work in these 
Islands. Therefore je inhabitants of these Islands seek the Lord while he may be found, 
and escape the dessolating scourge which awaits the wicked and these thai know not God, 

Elders B. Frost and P.Smith, Melbourne:— They have prospered in their labours, the 
Lord is with them ; the gospel is received by many ; thttse are being added to the number of 
the Stints such as have a desire for the truth. 

Elder Wm. Cooke gives us tlie pleasing information, in a letter of September 28, that they 
have organised a branch ai Bendigo, which is in a flourishing condition ; the prospects aie 
good for the work of the Lord, to roll forth amongst the people wiih which he is labour- 
ing .—many are enquiring into the principles of Mormonism, 

Elder Wm. Hyde, Hunter's River District. The Saints are enjoying the spirit of the 
Latter-day work, which is the spirit of God ; the numbers are being multiplied ; the spirit 
of gathering is among the saints, and they have a desire to gather to Zion, the first possible 
opportunity ; prayer is that the Lord will assist them to gather out from the wicket, be- 
fore the wrath of an offended God, be poured out upon them who reject the Gospel of our Lord 
and Savior JeSUs Christ. 

Elders J. W. Fleming and J. S. Eldridge, of the South "Western Section, have succeeded 
in opening up the Gospel to the good people of that Section ;— the prospect is favourable. 
Many are enquiring after the truth as preached by the apostles of Christ, and some are 
being baptized, and many are investigating the principles, regardless ofP iestcraft ; the 
truth is most tangible. 

Elder J. McCarthy has proceeded on the mission through the interior, via Goulbourn, 
to the Murry River. Elder Wm. Baxter, late from England, intends soon to follow to his 
assistance. 

The Elders in Sydney are disseminating the truth to all who will either hear for them- 
sevels or read, that they may understand and receive the light, which will bring to them 
salvation ; the rejection of which will seal their condemnation. — Ed. 

RUTH. 

Ruth stood alone and looked upon the sky, She ran and told Naomi : — " You and I 

And then upn her husband Malhon's " Are one for lime and all eternity : 

grave, — •• And where you go, I go ; or dwell, I dwell; 

And Gabriel whispered sweetly in her ear : — '• Your friends are mine, and where you die, 
♦• Be comforted thou daughter of the Lord, 1 die ; 

" (he royal line of Gods, for mortal Gods •• And where you rest, I rest ; your God is 
** To come and bless and save the world, is mine," 

thine. And so the sacred chain of being comes 

** From Lot, whose daughter's faith and love From Adam, one of those eternal sons 

were blest Begotten in the first estate of love, 

" In Moab's everlasting race, ye came ; And wedded to his own blood sister, Eve, 

" And while Judge Judah seems to be in By God, who's perfect in perfected bliss. 

fault. Thus runs the living stream of life for life, 

"As Tamar shows his * signet, bracelets, From Eve to Ruth, from Ruth to that blest 

staff,' — one 

" The manful will of God is manifest ; — That bore the Lord of glory here on 
"The chain of kindred in the flesh comes earth,— 

on ;— The Father's daughter's best beloved son. 

♦• There's kin to raise up seed for him that's Hosanna to the ever-kin and kin ! 

dead ; Hosanna to the kin of world to world ! 

" And yonder Boaz aw»its to be thy lord." Hosanna to the Gods' eternal lives 

And so the angel left her full of hope. For ali whose seed is in itself. Amen ! 

W W PHELPS. 

Price Sixpence . 

Edited and Published by A. Farnham, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

IN SYDNEY. 



Nos. 6-7. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1853. Vol I. 



TO ALL WHO ARE WILLING TO RECEIVE THE TRUTH 
IN THE LOVE OF IT. 

The Epicurean God, not the God of the Mormons, and the 

READER of THE CHRISTIAN HeRALD PROVED TO BE BOTH A 
FALSE WITNESS, AND AN HYPOCRITE. 

" For it was not an enemy that reproached me ; then I could have 
borne it ; neither was it he that hated me that did magnify himself 
against me ; then I would have hid myself from him : but it was thou, 
a man mine equal and mine acquaintance. 

" We took sweet counsel together and walked to the house of God 
in company." — Psalmist. 

'' In journeyings often in perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in pe- 
rils by mine own countrymen, in perils by the heathen, in perils in 
the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among false brethren." 

If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men the 
most miserable. — Paul. A writer, who (we suppose we must say so) 
is of some little note, for he once Advocated the rights of the people, 
and at another time contended for the claims of the EMPIRE: has 
at last condescended to notice Mormonism, and, after having been 
identified with it for upwards of a year and a half, and having borne 
testimony time and again of its truth, and having endeavoured to es- 
tablish the same publicly and privately, from Theological, Histori- 
cal, Philosophical, and Geographical evidence. He has now turned 
round to denounce Mormonism as an imposition, its theology as hea- 
thenism, its philosophy as atheism, its Ethics as consisting of pillage, 
murder, &c. 

But surely, this man, notwithstanding the peculiarly exhalted posi- 
tion amidst the literati of the world, to which he has attained through 
being admitted a correspondent of the '' Christian Herald, " and the 
peculiar authority and weight that must necessarily be possessed by 
him on account of his educational and philisophical attainments, yet 



42 

surely, he can never dreani, that such as love the truth will ever re- 
ceive his assertions as facts, his denounciations as unquestionable 
evidence, nor his base and ungrateful insinuations as demonstrations. 
No ! They will do no such thing, for they w ill sec by the context of 
the two letters, that he was one that knew something of Mormonism, 
both theoretically and practically, and they would enquire with an 
air of suspicion, who is he V What is his name "? If all he says be 
strictly true why does he not make himself know n that he might pub- 
licly realize the honor of having exposed the delusion. 

The whole stress of his two letters (it w^ould be the height of folly 
to call them arguments) is against Apostle 0. Pratt's pamphlet, en- 
tiled, " The Great First Cause ;" he states, that 0. P.'s philosophy 
is the same as that of the ancient Atheistical writers, and denounces 
it as ^' startling, llagitious, blasphemous, and insulting to common 
sense." Now^ this waiter knew^, or should have known, that these 
words are only empty sounds, they are only like the disorderly and 
unmeaning scrawls of a child compared to a geometrical demonstra- 
tion. 

A proposition is either true or false, independent of any man, an- 
cient or modern. Christian or Jew, heathen or infidel; and it w^ould 
better have beseemed a philosopher, if in place of making extracts 
from other men's writing, and then raising the cry of heathen, infidel, 
atheist, &c., he had occupied the space in exhibiting the fallacy of the 
axioms, reasonings, or deductions of the author that he repudiates. 

The writer to the "Christian Herald," subscribing himself Reader, 
we shall henceforth take the liberty to call Mr. B. 

Commencement of his first letter. 

B. writes, " Until modern times," says this sophist, " the eter- 
nity of matter was received as a truism, or words to that effect ; but 
he does not condescend to tell us w ho they were that received this 
doctrine, nor who those are who still argue to support this atheistical 
assertion." 

What could be Mr. B.'s intention in marking as a quotation, the 
w^ords" the eternity," but to convey the idea, that he was making a 
strictly literal quotation from the work referred to, and thus carry 
away the mind under the influence of education, and popular feeling, 
from an investigation of the truth or falseity of the question, is mat- 
ter eternal? Having thus attempted to carry away the mind of the 
reader, under the influence of prejudice and public feeling, he states, 
that, he (0. P.) did not condescend to tell who they w ere that receiv- 
ed such doctrine, &c. 

Now had he made a strict literal quotation from the work referred 
to, the falsehood of this statement would have been manifest, for it 
would have been seen that, although names were not given they were 
implied. The sentence reads as follows, " all the ancient schools of 
philosophy conceived every substance to be eternal, and it was not 
until modern times that men conjectured otherwise." 



43 

Now what person reading the passage just cited but that would 
know, that at the very least, it implied the majority of such persons as 
belonged to the ancient schools of philosophy, and that if any of the 
servants or prophets of God belonged to any of the '' ancient schools," 
they must necessarily be included ; but had he been more just in his 
quotations the falsity of his statement would have been more appar- 
ent. Apostle 0. Pratt writes " Admitting the contingent truth, that 
something now exists in space, as nothing cannot produce something, 
therefore it follows as a necessary truth, that something must have 
always existed in space. Each part of this eternal something must 
occupy a finite space, having length, breadth, thickness, and figure. 
To occupy space it must be solid, but solidity is only another name 
for matter, therefore this eternal something must be matter. 

That which as no extension, nor parts, nor relation to space and 
duration, is called immateriality, which is the negative of all exist- 
ence, or merely another name for nothing. 

Having proved from the fact, that something now exists, that some- 
thing must have always existed, let us next enquire, have all sub- 
stances eternally existed. Upon this subject mankind are divided. 
One class assumes that part of the substances in space were created 
out of nothing by the other part which they are irresistibly compell- 
ed to believe is eternal. The other class believe all substances to 
be eternal. We shall now proceed to show^ that the creation of one 
part of substances from nothing by another part, cannot be establish- 
ed by any necessity, experience, reason, analogy, or divine revelation." 

We would now ask the reader that (0. P.) having included the 
testimony of revelation whether he did not include all the inspired 
penmen who had written, as they were moved by the Holy Ghost ? 
And must not the man that would endeavour to prove otherwise be 
an adapt sophist. 

Now, why did not Mr. B. take the reasonings of Orson Pratt, and 
show their sophistical character ; was it because he did not possess 
sophistry enough to circumvent them. 

Why did he fly to extracts from Atheistical writers, instead of ap- 
pealing to reason and revelation ? Was he conscious that they were 
not on his side. 

He must have known, that it was no evidence that matter was not 
eternal, because some had contended for its eternity who denied the 
influence of intelligent principles, powers, or beings, in the organiza- 
tion and government of the universe, any more than the denial of 
the possession of any given quality by an object would be esteemed 
as an evidence of the none existence of the object referred to. We 
are reminded of a modern Atheist, who once adduced as an evidence 
of the none existence of diety, the fact, that he had several times 
prayed the Lord to seiid him some sacks of flour into his kitchen, 
but that not one had been sent. 
We shall now proceed to make extracts from 'The Great First Cause,' 



44 

that the reader may see the wickedness of the man who couhl class 
its author with Atheists, who deny the evidence of intelligence and 
design, in the organization and government of the universe. 

" All the materials of the universe with which we are acquainted 
exhibit actions which in all cases are produced by self-moving forces, 
for no other forces do or can exist. Those particles of this seli-mov- 
ing substance which constitute the world, and which are generally 
known under the name oi ponderable substances do not act at random, 
but act systematically and intelligently." 

The difference between the self-moving theory and the attracting 
hypothesis is to be found, not in the resulting phenomena, tor they 
are and must be the same, but in the cause which produce these 
phenomena. 

Page 5. 

All theologists who adopt the attracting hypothesis, require a great 
first cause, who not only gives laws to blind unconscious, unintelli- 
gent matter, but also forces it to act according to those laws. 

All theolegists who shall adopt the self-moving theory will require 
the great first cause itself to consist of conscious, intelligent, self- 
moving particles, called the Holy Spirit, which prescribe laws for 
their own action, as well as laws for the action of all other intelli- 
gent materials. An unintelligent particle is incapable of understand- 
ing or obeying a law, while an intelligent particle is capable of both 
understanding and obedience. It would be entirely useless for an in- 
telligent cause to give laws to unintelligent matter, for such matter 
could never become conscious of such laws, and therefore would be 
totally incapable of obedience. An intelligent cause cannot force un- 
intelligent matter to act in any manner without the aid of intelligent 
matter in actual contact with it. As far as our observations extend 
the materials of the universe exhibit a constant succession of phe- 
nomena according to fixed rules. Now these materials must either 
act themselves, being intelligent and possessed of a self-moving 
power, or, if unintelligent, they must be acted upon by the contact of 
intelligent materials ; in the latter case the intelligent materials must 
be, at least, equal in quantity to the unintelligent, and must be as 
extensively dispersed, uniting with and acting upon each unintelli- 
gent atom, wherever order or a definite law characterizes the pheno- 
mena. 

The amount of intelligent matter in space must be inconceiveably 
great ; it exists in vast quantities in all worlds, regulating and con- 
trolling every department of nature according to fixed laws. 

All these self-moving materials must be possessed of a high degree 
of intelligence, in order to obey with such perfect and undeviating 
exactness the innumerable laws which obtain in the universe. Page 10. 

Again, referring to the organization and adaptation of nature he 
writes, "IIow can we for a moment doubt that the selection was made 
by a nnse^ designing ^ intelligent cause, ^^ Page 12, 



45 

There are laws given to govern substances that act voluntary un- 
der the influence of wisdom^ knowledge^ and wi/L 

This same Apostle w^rites in another place, " The Holy Spirit be- 
ing one part of the Godhead, is also a material substance * * * * 

It exists in vast unmeasurable quantities in connection with all ma- 
terial worlds. This is called God in the scriptures as well as the 
Father and Son. * * * * God the Holy Spirit is omnipresent — it 
extends through all space, intermingling with all other matter, — * * * 
* * * It must exist in inexhaustable quantities, which is the only 
possible way for any substance to be omnipresent. All the innumera- 
ble phenomena of universal nature are produced in their origin by 
the actual presence of this intelligent all-wise and all-powerful ma- 
terial substance called the Holy Spirit. It is the most active matter 
in the universe, producing all its operations according to fixed and 
definite laws enacted by itself, in conjunction with the Father and 
the Son. What are called the laws of nature are nothing more nor 
less than the fixed method, by which this spiritual matter operates. 
Each atom of the Holy §pirit is intelligent * * * * Its distin- 
guishing characteristics from other matter are its allmighty powers 
and infinite wisdom, * * Absurdities of immaterialism. — Page 29. 

He, in another place, writes " He (God) could divide the waters 
of the sea and hold them up by the actual presence of His Holy Spi- 
rit which not only moves on the face of the waters, but is dikewise in 
and through the waters, governing them and controlling all the ele- 
ments according to the mind of God. It is the actual presence of 
this Spirit that produced all the phenomena ascribed to the laws of 
nature, as well as many of the deviations from those laws commonly 
called miracles : it extends, like the golden rays of the bright lumi- 
nary of heaven, through all extent ; it spreads life and happiness 
through all the various species of animated beings, and gilds the 
$tarry firmament with a magnificent splendor, celestial^ immortal and 
eternal. — Ibid, page 32. 

How can Mr. B. make this sentiment to be one with Atheistical 
writers ; he will be able to do so when he can prove that, blind and 
unconscious are synonimous with intelligence and will, order and de- 
sign with fortutious and chance, voluntary and freedom with neces- 
sity and fatality. When he can make a belief in the sacred scrip- 
tures with all the events therein recorded called miraculous to be the 
same as the most positive denial of the truthfulness of the Bible and 
the most unequivocal repudiation of all miracles. When he can show 
how the sentiment of the man who believes in the God who deluged the 
world, destroyed Sodom and Gomorah, stayed the first-born of the 
Egyptians, divided the red sea,&c. Who sent his son to redeem fallen 
man, whom he raised from the dead on the third day, and who having 
ascended into heaven is seated on the right hand of his Father, and 
for whose sake the Father is ever ready to listen to the prayers of the 
saint<», can be the same with the man's who writes '' dost thou really 



46 

believe that tliy weak prayers will induce her to stop her eternal march, 
that thy sickly desires can oblige her to change her eyerlasting course." 
When he can do this. 

He will then be able to proye that which his mind was once in- 
tent upon. He will be able to demonstrate not only that there is no 
ov€r-ruling Proyidence, but also that there is no God. AYould one 
hundred pounds assist him in such an undertaking ? 

What must be the state and character of the person who could thus 
misrepresent the sentiments of another, and that without once conde- 
scending to notice eyen one single argument adduced in fayour of that 
which he condemns, and all this misrepresentation done under an as- 
sumed loye of truth and integrity ; as truth proceeds from God and 
falsehood from the Devil, how applicable the words of the Sayiour, 
" y^ are of your Father the Deyil, who is a liar from the beginning." 

We defy Mr. B. to extricate himself from the shame and disgrace 
that w ill necessarily follow him on account of his pervertion and gross 
misrepresentation of another's sentiments, for there is not a single sen- 
tence marked by him as a quotation that is strictly and literally cor- 
rect. 

In his 8th paragraph he writes "Having deified part of matter he subse- 
quently says that by the deified portion of matter all things were made 
Op Him." What 0. Pratt actually writes is " He is in all things and 
through all things, and the law by which all things are governed and 
all things are not only by him and for him but of him ;" pray had he 
forgot Paul's testimony who wrote " One God and Father of all who 
is aboye all, and through all, and in you all." If he is through all 
and in all must not all be of him. 

In another place he said " In him we live, and moye, and have a 
being." 

Mr. B. further writes " Our unhappy Duke lately in tlie neighbour- 
hood of Shoreditch, London, paid dearly for his adherence to the Mor- 
mon church, as in the course of a year or so they eased him of nearly 
£3000. M hat does he mean by the term eased, does he think the 
money was borrowed from the duke and that afterwards it was told 
his friends that he had given it. Although this duke's tale is strange 
to us, we are bold to affirm that whateyor amount was obtained from 
him, he gaye it yoluntarily ; and that every penny of it was applied 
for the very express purpose for which it had been donated, except 
such sums as might be given to elders for their private use; some, of 
such sums, may have been applied by them for the advancement of 
the kingdom of God, and for the relief of distressed brethren, as 
has been done in Sydney, and that to Mr. B. himself. 

He, Mr. B., further >vrites " There are not many in this city that 
support their pernicious dogmas, but some of these have been made 
wise through the medium of a drainage on their purse, and have cut 
them." 

Admitting this statement to be true what would any honest person 



think of such persons, that only esteemed truth and salv ation as worth 
so many pounds, shiiHngs, and pence ; but we are prepiued to give 
the most unquahfied denial to the above statement, and defy him to 
produce the names of any such persons. 

That the public may understand something definitely in relation to 
the drainage referred to, we have detei*mined to publish the following 
letter, addressed to the President, which came to liand just as he was 
sitting down to breakfast on the morning of the date which it bears. 

New Town, 25tii July, 1853. 
My Dear President Farnham, 

Your address to the public has just been handed 
to me, I am obliged to you for the persual of the same, 1 like the 
mould into which you have cast the introduction far before that of 
P. P. Pratt's, you and he must pardon the comparison, I say it with all 
deference, notwithstanding the overwhelming popularity of that great 
man. I think the publication likely to do a vast deal of good to the 
cause you so zealously and faithfully preside over in this colony. 1 was 
favoured yesterday with an English paper of the 24th of March, con- 
taining an account of the transition in the minds of the Jews from 
their '' Mishna" and the " 'lalmud" to the reading of the Old Tes- 
tament. 

A Society has been formed in London among them for the purpose 
of making arrangments for them to go to the land of their Fathers ! 
When you favour us with another visit I hope to have the pleasure 
of showing it to you. The periodical you purpose to issue is a bold 
undertaking in this stolid community, that only supports one daily pa- 
per while it leaves the other to struggle as best it can with the winds 
and waves of adverse fortune. 

To the shame and lamentable disgrace of this city be it said that at 
various times sundry publications from a duodecimo to folio, and from 
that to a magazine have all died in their infancy from a want of that 
nourishment which ought to have been administered, and had the said 
been French or American the utmost care would have been bestow- 
ed on the efforts of those who cater for the public taste. Out on 
such a groveling crew as there are in this place — However there is a 
specific difference between " Zion's Watchman" and any thing that 
has yet been placed before the apathetic Sydneyites. Its aim and 
object are diametrically opposite to either of those issues which have 
heretofore been sent forth from the press. It is therefore to be pre- 
sumed that our Editor will have a very different report to make to 
Zion than had any of the unfortunates to their subscribers. May the 
Lord grant his blessing on your praiseworthy labors. Amidst your 
manifold fuctions it is quite possible that the application 1 made to 
you on Friday, to apply to the church to assist me in paying the rent, 
and for some means of obtaining necessaries for my family, may have 
escaped your notice, but should you have still retained us in your re- 
collection I hope you will pardon me for having attempted to refresh 



48 

your memory. On the result of two days subscription for us hangs 
our fate, whether we are to continue housed or to be houseless. Had 
I in any way been instrumental to my affliction I should have been 
ashamed to ask for any help, although I find even in that case, by the 
book of Mormon, page 154, I should be perfectly justified, and I find 
that there is an unconditional command of our Lord in his address 
on the mount to the same effect, admist all my misery I feel none 
greater than to appeal to the liberality of my brethren for a supply 
of the means of existence. May the Lord of his infinite mercy speedily 
raise me up, and open a way whereby this melancholy alternative may 
be suspended, is the fervent and frequent prayer of my dear President, 
your very humble and distressed Brother, in the new and everlasting 
covenant. I was and so were we all grieved to hear of the bulletin 
Maria brought us to day of your health. Bad as my condition is 
I would not change places with one who possessed the wealth of Em- 
pires out of the church of Jesus Christ of L. D. S. I know just 
enough at present to make me to see the Great Ocean of Truth 
that lies before me. Please to accept our very best thanks for all 
that you have done for us, and for all that you desire to do, and be- 
lieve me, with the greatest respect and esteem, 

Yours, 
Most faithfully, 

JAMES BEATTY. 

We extract the following from a note addressed to the President of 
the Sydney Branch upon a begging suit, dated July 14th, 1853 : — 

" Brother Farnham will inform you that I have offered myself to go 
on a mission, since which I feel myself recovering." What can the 
public think of this man and his base and ungrateful insinuations 
against the servants of the Lord. Whatever they may think of Mor- 
monismwill they not look upon him with that degree of contempt 
and reproach which is the just reward of every ingrate. 

Just preceeding the insinuations referred to, the writer expresses 
himself as follows :— " Having exposed this wicked imposture that has 
been palmed upon the world, it is easy to see from whence came the 
Revelation relative to the eternity of the spirit of man,* and the per- 
mission for a plurality of wives, as well as from whence came many 
other Revelations of theirs." 

What will the honestly inclined portion of the public think, when 
they are informed that the " Great Ocean of Truth," referred to in his 
letter is the " Eternity of the Spirit of man, and the permission for a 
plurality of wives," which he had more fully become acquainted with, 
by a perusal of " The Deseret Extra," and that it was after see- 
ing this " Great Ocean of Truth" that he ofiered himself to go on a 
mission ; and that, all this time, he was as well acquainted with the 
" Great First Cause" as he can be now, having had it in his posses- 

* Hfreis another instance of his pervereion. He ought to have written pre-fxistence 
fnot eternity) of the spirit of man. 



49 

sion, or inulcr his command for upwards of four months, and having 
also spoken of it in the highest terms, recommending it as the most 
suitable to present to the sceptic, after which might follow the " ab- 
surdities immaterialism," then the " Divine authenticity of the book 
of Mormon." 

It is true that all the time that there was something in the book 
of Mormon and the work referred to that did not accord with his views 
but this, he has not presented to the public, but we shall do it for him 
before we have done with him. 

In conclusion he writes " I defy them to extricate themselves from 
the position in which Orson Pratt has placed them, by deifying matter, 
or, from that which the founder of Mormonism, Joseph Smith, pro- 
mulgated, amounting to the same, but greatly condensed, namely, that 
" the meanest saint in the church, if faithful, would go on from one 
degree of glory and power to another, until he would be equal to 
(" the material") God himself. This is the fundamental doctrine of 
the heads of the Mormons, who bait their traps and lay their snares 
for the feet of the unwary !" 

If we are to believe the scriptures it did not require 0. Pratt to 
deify matter, for Jesus Christ was a material man, and their testimony 
is that in him dwelt the " Fulness of the Godhead Bodily," and 
that he was the express image of His Father's person, Christ's per- 
sonage consisted of flesh and bones, (query, are thy material) for 
it is recorded " the word was made flesh and dwelt among us," and 
when the Saviour shewed himself to his disciples after his resurrec- 
tion he said unto them " a Spirit has not flesh and bones as ye see me 
have." No wonder then ! that we find the Lord having his feet 
washed by, conversing ai}d walking with Abraham, wrestling with 
Jacob, speaking to Moses face to face, &c. 

From the foregoing it will be evident that, so long as the Mor- 
mons are willing to abide by the truth there will be no necessity for 
an attempt to extricate themselves from the position they are in, in re- 
lation to this matter as to the " fundamental doctrine of the heads 
of the Mormons" it is the true doctrine of Scripture and this he knew 
well, and theie is no necessity of being surprised at this for the scrip- 
ture came from the heads of that which the world call Mormonism. 

The heads of Mormonism are the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, for 
it is the kingdom of God established in fulfilment of the words of the 
prophets in these the last day, and it will prevail. 

In proof of this fundamental^ doctrine we refer the reader to the 
following passages of the sacred scriptures. — John 17, 20, to 23. 1st. 
John 3, 2. Rev. 14, 1. and 22, 4. 

It is cheering for us to know that for the welfare of the honest in 
heart, and for the honour and glory of God, that the time is drawing 
near when error and unrighteousness in every shape will be entirely 
banished from the earth, and that truth and righteousness shall liave 
a transcendent victory over the host of enemies with which it has had 



i)() 



to struggle througli this age ot darkness, siiperr-titioii, and ignonincc, 
when indeed ^' the knowledge of the Loid shall covei' the earth as the 
waters cover the great deep." — S. E. D. 



A REPLY TO THE ^^ CHRISTIAN HERALD/' ON THE PLU- 
RALITY OF WIVES. 

(^Continued f rum page 33) 
So far from Christ abolishing polygamy, he re-established it, in its purity. 
In abolishing the ceremonial law of iMoses, he only abolished that which had 
been added (because of the transgression of the people), to the Gospel, 
which was preached to the patriarch Abraham, (see Gal. 3), in whom all 
the families of the earth were blessed. " The law of Moses did not bless 
all the families of the ear^.h." The Mosaic or ceremonial law was an inter- 
mediate system, the Gospel being known and obeyed for ages previous to the 
days of Moses; consequently, when Jesus came, he re-introduced the Gos- 
pel, with all its blessings, so far as the people would receive them; and he 
only abolished those laws and institutions of the Mosaic economy which were 
added to the Gospel. 

It follows, then, of necessity, that polygamy being a part of the Gospel, as 
well as being observable under the Mosaic dispensation, was not abolished 
when Jesus came, but continued after the law of Moses, as before, a principle 
of the unchanging, everlasting Gospel of Salvation. 

As " for man to write a bill of divorcement afid put away his wife," being 
" contrary to the original law and intentiou of God." This is strictly iu 
accordance with Mormonism, as are all the other truths of the Bible. 

But this is not the case with the sectarian world, as the following extract 
from the New-York Eoangelist, respecting a case of polygamy in the 
Presbyterian Dukotah Mission will show : — 

"Extract from the Minutes of the Presbytery of Ripley, met 
AT Sardinie, April 13, 1843." 

"Presbytery took up the reference from the church of Lacquiparle, viz ; 
A man, before hearing the Gospel, had taken two wives, by each of which he 
has children nearly grown and smaller. They are both pleased to dwell 
with him. He, having heard the word of God, and believing there is no 
salvation except in Jesus Christ, desires admission to the privileges of the 
church. Shall we require him to put away or-e of his wives? and if so, 
were is our Scripture authority for so doing ? 

" Signed, T. S. Williamson, 

S. R. RiGGS." 



" PtEPLY OF Presbytery. 
'' Dear Brethren — We have duly considered the question you referred to 
us. The following was moved and carried as the answer of a majority of 
one, viz. : " We dare not say, requirc^him to put her away.'' The majority 
were of opinion, that there is not sufficient warrant for such a requisition. 
The minority alleged, that Math, ii 14—16, Mark x. 2—9, are sufficient 
warrant for requiring him to put her away, that the Saviour condemns all 
departures from the original institution, and no mention is made of any 



51 

practising polygamy being received into the aj)ost()lical ehurclioS; and tl>at,, 
of course, there can be no authority for receiving any now, who live in the 
violation of the original institution of marriage. 

'' Upon the wliole, we deem it. the safest to adhero strictly to the original 
institution, as no exceptions are found in the New Testament, and the 
Saviour clearly condemns all departures made in the Old. 

" Signed, Jesse II. Lockiiart, 

Stated Clerk.'' 

"The applicant was not received by the church." How forceably the 
above extract depicts the deplorable condition of modern Christendom, with 
its no revelation doctrine, and ante-apostolic institutions. Had their church 
been built upon the foundation of apostles and prophets, they might have 
enquired the mind of the Lord, as Moses did in the case if the defiled men, 
who had not parlaken of the passover. See Num. ix. 6 — 12 Here is a 
model of Christendom, with its wane of unanimity, understanding and 
knowledge, the true cause of which is their want of aidhoriti/ and the IIol^ 
Ghost. How can men, destitute of the Spirit that dictated the Scriptures, 
understand them. 

For the want of this knowledge, here are three persons refused salvation. 
The reasons assigned for this are founded upon two passages of Scripture. 
The first of which has no more relation to the subject than darkness has to 
light. It informs us of Joseph taking the child Jesus and his mother down 
into Egypt; and as to the second passage, Mark x. 2 — 9, if the Synod had 
not been surrounded with the "darkness that covers the earth," and 
had their minds not been filled with the "gross darkness that covers the 
people," they never would hsive torested this reference to the beginning of the 
creation, from the import and application given to it by Christ himself. It 
is plain from this passage, that tjje sexes were made for each other, and that 
both the single and divorced estate are not only contrary to the law of God, 
but they are unnatural states. 

The reader, by reference to the passage, will see that the question under 
consideration was divorce ; for convenience, we will extract : — 

" And the Pharisees came to him, and asked him, is it lawful for a man 
to put away his wife? tempting him. And He (Jesu?) answered and said 
unto them, What did Moses command you ? And they sai J, Moses suffered 
to write a bill of divorcement and put her away. And Jesus answered and 
said unto them, For the hardness of your hearts he wrote you this precept. 
But from the beginning of creation, God made them male and female. For 
this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife, 
and they twain shall be one flesh, so then they are no more twain, but one 
flesh. What therefore God hath joined together let no man put asunder." 

Were we to go into any Bible class in any of the Sabbath Schools, and 
question the children upon this passage, we should receive something like 
the following answer. 

Question. — What is the subject of these verses? Answer. — Divorce. 
Ques. — By whom was it originated ? Ans. — By the Pharisees. Qaes. — 
For what end did they introduce it ? Ans. — That they might tempt Christ. 
Ques. --To whom did Christ refer them ? Ans. — To Moses. Ques. — Did 
they answer, if so, how 1 Ans.- They answered, that Moses suffered to 
write a bill of divorcement and put her away, Ques. — Did Christ give an 



52 

unqualified approval of this law '? Aus. — No. Qucs. — What reason did 
Christ assign for this law ? Ans. — The hardness of their hearts. Ques. — 
What proof did Christ give that it was on account of the hardness of their 
hearts that Moses permitted divorce? Ans. — That it was not so from the 
beginning of creation, for God made them male and female. Ques.— What 
do you understand from the expression ; God made ihem male and female ? 
Ans. — That the one was made for the other. Ques. --Was it ever intended 
that they should be separated? Ans. — No, for Christ said, what therefore 
God hath joined together let no man put asunder. Ques. — How did the 
Pharisees tempt Christ, by questioning him in relation to divorce ? Ans. — 
They thought by so doing to lead him to condemn the laws of marriage, as 
established by Moses. Ques. — Did Christ condemn these laws? Ans. — 
No, but he referred to them. Ques. — Does Christ's reference to the law of 
Moses, imply an unqualified approval of the same 1 Ans. — It does, with the 
exception of the law of divorce, which was only permitted on account of the 
hardness of their hearts. Qucs. — Is there anything in these passages that 
has reference to a man having more wives than one ? Ans. — No, it only 
speaks against a man putting away his wife. Ques. — Is there anything in 
this passage that should prevent a person having more wives than one being 
received into the Church of Christ? Ans. — No, for Christ refers to the law 
of Moses, which permitted a man to have more wives than one ; and besides 
that, many of the ancient saints had more wives than one. Ques. — But was 
it not sinful for the ancient saints to have more wives than one? Ans. — 
No, for we read that the Lord not only gave David his own wives, but he 
also gave into Ms heart the wives of his master, Saul ; and he further says, 
that if these had not been enough, he would have given him more ; and you 
know that there is no unrighteousness in God. Ques. — Would it be 
wrong, therefore, to require a man who had more wives than one, to put all 
away except one ? Ans. — It would, for Christ says, " what therefore God 
hath joined together let no man put asunder.'' Ques. — What is the condi- 
tion of those who require a man to put away his wife or wives ? Ans. — 
They are hard-hearted. 

From the above there are two things manifest. 1st. That Christ did not 
abolish the law of Moses in relation to marriage. 2nd. That the marriage- 
covenant of those who are joined together by God is indissoluable. God docs 
nothing himself, but revealeth his secrets to his servants the prophets. 

(To he continued.) 



NINTH GENERAL EPISTLE. 



Of the presidency of the church of Jesus Christ of latter-day saints, from 
great salt lake valley, to the saints scattered abroad throughout the earth 
greeting. 

(From the DeseretNews.) 



Beloved Brethren— It is with peculiar emotions of gratitude to our heavenly Father, 
that we address you at the present lime— a period in tlje history of this last dispensation 
\vhen the Chief Corner Stones of the House of the Lord are laid in the tops of the moun- 
tains, according to the predictions of ancient Prophets, and at i!ie time previously suggest- 
ed by us. 



53 

Wliile the movements of the heavens and the earth, and all things connected therewith, 
betoken the speedj fulfilment of the visions and revelations, and prophecies con&einiDg the 
latter-days, preparatory to the second coming of the Son of Man, we rejoice thait the God 
of Abraham has prepared a hiding-place for His people, amid the valleys of the everlast- 
ing hills, where we have been permitted, for a few years, to dwell in safety, far removed 
from the fire and blood that have been poured out upon the Saints in former jears, by those 
who feared not God, neither regarded man. 

Since our last Epistle, of October 13, 1852, we know of but few particulars that have 
transpired among the various nations of the earth. But we know that the revelations of 
Jesus Christ are true, and that peace is taken from the earth, and those who will not re- 
ceive and obey the Gospel of Jesus Christ, when they hear it, will grow worse and worse, 
in evil passions, strife, war, and blood, uatil the wicked shall have overthrown the wicked, 
and destroyed themselves from the face of the earth, that Jesus may have the privilege to 
reign unmolested in the midst of those that love him. 

No mail has been received from the east since last November, and a part of that is still 
cached in the mountains, while the remainder was drawn over the snow drifts by hand. 
And, as yet, we have no certain information who was last elected President of the United 
States, or who is now President of the nation. 

During this long silence from the east, we have received two mails from California, by 
the south route, containing very little news. A few letters from various foreign missions, 
show an increase to the Church, and the spread of the Gospel, except in the Society Islands, 
from whence the Elders have been banished by the French authorities, and the Saints for- 
bid to pray, even in their own houses. Elder Addinon Pratt, and others have returned 
to the continent. Elder Cannon is translating the Book of Mormon into tbo Owyhean 
language. Elder Woodard has been banished from Italy, for teaching the truth, and pass- 
ed over into Switzerland, according to the command of the Saviour to his disciples sent 
forth to preach his Gospel — When they persecute you in one place, flee to another. The 
brethren in Denmark have experienced bitter persecutions^ but the truth is spreading 
in every direction. 

Our population has become so numerous, and our settlements so extensive, that we can- 
not give so many particular events and circumstances concerning the Saints at home, as 
hitherto. All the faithful Saints, and there are many such, are filled with the spirit of 
peace, joy, and rejoicing ; and general prosperity has attended their labours in the Valley, 
from the earliest arrival ; and they heve no wish to exchange their location for any other 
portion of the earth, or even to leave for a temporary absence, unless sent, by pioper au- 
thority, to preach the Gospel. 

As it has been in all ages of the Church, so it is now, (and so it will continue while 
the ne^ gathers all sorts of fish,) there are unfaithful members, they have a name to live« 
but are dead; and being destitue of faith are destitute of good works, are fiultfinders, 
backbiters, evil surmisers, false prophets, apostates. All such are fit subjects for the gold 
mines, where probably most of them will go, and we hope all such will go this spring, and 
all that we ask of them is that they will pay their debts, go in peace, and choose whatever 
god they please to worship. 

The Saints have been prospered exceedingly in the Valley ; and the abundance that has 
been poured out upon them, even till they had no room to receive, has been made the occa- 
sion of sloth, and wastefulness, insomuch that there will be a greater scarcity of flour be- 
fore harvest, than has been for years previous. With these things the Lord is not well 
pleased, and unless such repent speedily, they will find famine instead of plenty in their 
habitations. 

Domestic manufactures are improving, but not so fast as is desirable. Saw and grain 
mills have increased rapidly in the various settlements, but they cannot keep pace with the 
demand for flour, and especially for lumber. The tanneries are gradually improving, and 
considerable leather has been produced. Our nail factories progress slowly. A manu- 
factory of combs has commenced. The fine comb from our mountain mahogany bids fair 
to supersede the necessity of ivory. Manufacturers of all kinds are wanted more extensive- 
ly, and labour saving machinery, particularly for the husbandman, so that the 
farmers can raise the grain, and every machanic work at his own trade. 

The prospect is flattering that many of these evils will soon be remedied by a supply of 
iron ware, in its various forms, from Iron County. One brief blast of the furnace, pro- 
duced twenty-five hundred of excellent pig iron, when the blast ceased for want of coal. 
The snow having been unusually deep on the mountains the past winter has prevented bring, 
ing wood and coal from the kanyons. An excelleat pair of hand irons was exhibited at 
Conference, as the first fruits of the iron foundry. 



54 

The large addilion to the Lord's Store House is complefcd, anil store bouses general' y 
are in the various setilements. Mucli valuable machinery has been added to the Temple 
shop. The txtensive blacksmith, and joiner, and machine shops are on the Temple block, 
where all the labour of the Temple is to be performed wilfiin the walls, the stone work of 
which is about one-fourth completed. The Social Hall was so far completed as to be oc- 
cupied by social parties, and for dramatic entertainment the past winter. It was dedicated 
January 1st. 

Our sugar apparatus arrived too Inte for use last fall, a portion of it is now attached to 
the water wuiksof the public machine shop, and is engag'i^d in making molassps. Expe- 
riments have proved that the saccharine matter of the beet is superior in the valley, and we 
have the apparatus and means to make the various sweets from molasses to refined sugar, 
and the factory will be located on Big Kanyon Creek, ready tor use, next falL 

January 2 1st, the Legislature arouse from an arduous Session of forty days, end wera 
cheered with a social and happy enlercainment by the Governor, the same evening. The 
laws of the country are geneiaiiy observt-d. and our courts are seldom trouMed w th a law- 
suit. Travellers occasionally quarrel wiih each ether, and rtquire a legal setilement ; other- 
wise our courts are nearly useless, there beinp no occasion to use them. Tlie Indiana have 
preserve! their jieaceful relations with each other, and the cit-z^-ns generally. No serious 
or lasting out:>redks have occurred the past season, and a dipusitioo for peace, and raising 
bread, is increasing. 

The last accounts from the E ders who went out last fall, were of their arrival at S^. 
Louis, in sixty dajs from thei/ departure. Those bound for China, Hindoostan, Austra- 
lia, and the WVstem Islands. It-ft on the 20ih October, and at our latest dates, nearly all 
had shipped from San Franc. sco. 

The first severe frost last fall was on the 4h November, aud the first anow to cover the 
ground in the city was on the lOth. three inches deep ; and another on the 2.3rd, from one 
to two feet. The winter has been cold and stormy, willi many strong winds. February 
was very mild, and March generally very plt-asant, and much farming and gardening was 
done. Many young fruit trees have been transplanted this vpririg, and millions mors 
would be if they could be hid. Let the Saints ever remember to bring with them all 
choice se ds, from all parts o.' ie ^arth. 

Elders Amasa Lyman and Charles c. Rich arrived on the I9ih of December, and :hft 
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles have spent the winter in the Valley, with the excei)tion of 
Orson Pratt, who is at Washington. 

February 14th, in the preserce of an immense concourse of people, assisted by the Apostles 
and others, we broke the ground for the foundation of the Temple, and the day following 
preparations were commenced for thp erection of an Arsenal 

fcister HoseaSioul died on the 11th bf January, and her infant a few days previous, and 
sister Thomas Rhoads on the 11th of February. We recollect no other deaths in the fami- 
lies of the mission Elders. There is occasionally some sickness in the Valley, but it arises 
more from ttie seeds of old <liaeasa brought from foreign countries, and imprudence, than 
from any thing unhealthy in our climate or location. 

The block or Siooe designed by the Deseret Legislature for the Washington Monument, 
has been prepared, and exhibited at this Conference, and will be forwarded to Washington 
at our first convenience. The device is a Bee-hive, in full operation, in the centre, en- 
circled by the convolvulus, &c., with the description, •' Holiness to the Lord. Daseret." 
The 6i,h of April dawned upon our city, in all theeffulgence of a lovely vernal morn ; 
as though the bright luminary of day, was typical of the Sun of Righteousness, and about 
to open up a new dispensation on tbe face of our snow-covered, rock-bound Valley. A. 
n)ore lovely day never dawned onearlh; the sun, the sky, the atmos^ here, the earth appeared 
neither too cold, nor too hot, nor lukewarm; but ail seemed filled with life, real life, 
adapted in all their several letn[)eraments to each soul, to cheer, and to make happy every 
individual of ihe many thou-ands of aged, middle aged, and youth, who had assembled from 
the near and remote paris of this inhabited Valley, to attend the General Annual Confer- 
ence, and witness the Inying of the Corner Stones of the House cf the Lord, that for ages 
the Prophets have foretold should be srected to tbe nanie of the God of Jacob, in the " tops 
of the mountains." 

So immense was the assemblage of the Siints, on tbe opening of the Conference, at (en 
o'ci^;ck A. M., that the ir^gresa or egress of twenty-five hundred at the Tabernacle was 
scarcely, missed, or noticed by the multitude without. After the opening of the Conference 
by singing and prayer in the Tabernacle, the general authorities of the Church, surround- 
ed by escorts, guards, police, martial mU3ic, instrumental bands, and choir, with the Na- 
tional Flag unfurlfd from its topmost sta If, the ensigns of the various bands and escorts 
fljaijng m the brefte, and the baantf of '' Ziun's Workmen" lowcriitg aloft, ['rocecJcd to 



the templp ground, and «ffer singirg^ hy tlipchoirj the fi-st PifsirfetiCy l^id tbeSjUih 
East Corner S'onp of the Temple, followpd by an oration from Prtsideul Young, prayer 
by President Kimball and singing by the choir. 

Tlie Presiding Ri:hr>p and Council, wi.h the Presidents of the leaser Priestlicod and 
Counc 1 laid the Sou'h West Corner Stone. 

The President and Council of the Hif^h Priests' Quorurr, with the President of this Suke 
of Z on. and Nigh Council, laid the North West Corner Sm^pp. 

The QoorU'n of the Twelve Apnstl*'^-, with V'f first Presidency of the Seventies, and the 
President and Council of the E'der^' QuDruna, liid the North E*st tjorner Sione 

TIte laying of each Corner Stone was followed l;y an oration, prajer, and singing, in the 
same order as at the Sauth East Corner Stone. And ail those oratiorjs, vrayfra, and 
hymns, are in print, as pnrt of the minutes of the Conferencpj and will accompaay this 
Epistle, in the next Numter of the D^seret News, 

The Cor!i«^r Stones now rest in their several positions, ahout sixteen feet below the sur- 
face of the eastern lank. l)enpa!h the reach of mountain fl)()ds, when the edifice shall be 
completed, and so dfep beneath the surface, tl)at it will cost robbers and mobs too much 
lif)our to rcze it to is foundation, leaving not oue stone upon another, aa they did with 
the Temple at Jerusalem. 

The work for the redemption ard sa'vation of Israel has commenced, as it were, anew on" 
the earth, which makes Satan marl, and causes dt^vils to howl. But their doleful moans 
are tot heeded by tbeSainfs in the miuntains, their hearts are cheered to press forward 
With all their enorf-ries, to complete the Lord's House, as speedily as possible. And all the 
Saints abrcad « bo want to l.>ecoaie parnkers in blessings in the Huuse of the Lord, with the 
Saints in the Valley, and who cannot come imniwd atJy to work m person, en:-, by one, 
process, and one only, reap the blessings they desire, atid that is by beinj; humble, keep- 
ing all the corBmandmenss, being diligent in business. Gather up the ^ood things of the 
eartli as f.'St as you possibly can, in Uf>rightness, and send your gold, and silver, and pre- 
cious stoues, and every thing that you can, which may be useful lo us, in forwarding the 
work w» have commenced. And let all who can, come home witliout delaj, and put their 
own hands to the work. 

If the k'nts of the etrth wonM heeome nurs'ng fathers, and q leens would become nur'- 
ing mothers, totlie Israel of God ; and thenut)!^, ai.d tfje ercat ones of the earth would 
secure a hid ng-plac from the storm, and the tempe.«.t, and the plagues. ar)d the fire, and 
theswo'd, tliat G id will cause to psss through all lands, to depopulate the nations on ac- 
count of tijeir gna* wickeflness in his sight— let them, with the Saints from every clime, 
forward their rich treasurers, to beaut fy and adorn the House of the Lord, that He may 
have a pleasant place to lay His head on the earth, where those kings and queens and nobles 
may del glit to visit, and where they may rest in peace, and lnaiu the will of lieaven con- 
cerning thenr., by inquiring ol the servants of the most High God, concerning tlieir king- 
ijoms. 

'I'he Perpetual Emigrating Funds are in a prosperous condition, although, from surround- 
irg circumstances; but a small portio i is available for use this season, it is only about 
thrre and a half jears s'nce this method of assisting the Saints to gather was first suggest- 
ed ; an I the report of the recorder, at this Conference, exhibits the actual fund by valua- 
tion in part, now on record, in this place, about 22 00 ) dollars, but a considerable portioa 
thereof is in ixen, and wagons, and propf-rty, which will take till another season to lurn to 
advantagp ; also, in addi ion to the above, there is about 11.500 dollars due from indivi- 
duils who have been assisted by the Company, making a total of about 34 000 dollars, m- 
dej'endent of what ha.^ been gathered in England and other places the last six months, of 
which we have no account. 

With the blessings of Providence, most, or all of these funds will be brought forth to the 
assistance of the eniisrHtion of the poor, one yeir hence. Therefore let not the Saints 
stay their hands, hut let bonks be opened, and donauons be received by the Presidents of 
all the Vtricus missions of the Latte--day Siints upon the whole earth, to help the Peri>e- 
tual Eoiigra'ing Fund, and the Saints to come home. And let all wliocan, come without 
delay, and not wait to be he'p^^ ^y ihese funds, but leave them to help those who cannot 
help tliemsoives. 

Twenty five Etdets iiave been apsjointed on various missions, during the Conference 
just closed ; namely, two to China, two to the United States, iwenty-one to England or Eu- 
rope, whose names will appe^ir in the Conference minutes. These Elders will co-operate 
with the Elders already in the several countries where they are going, and be subject to the 
council of the Pres dency already established in their several ioualions. Tliose destined 
for Europe, will journey by the South Pass and the United S'ates ; and those for China, 
will g) by California ; and all VMJI take their departure in a few days, or apoatalizo. 



5e 

The Holy Spirit haa been in our midst, and the revelations of Jegus have guided His 
Apostles and Prophets, in laying; the Corner Stones of the Temple, and ministering unto 
the Saints, during Conference, in an unusual degree, which has caused much gladness of 
heart, and great joy and rejoicing. And that same Spirit will accompany thisour Epis- 
tle, and be felt, and experienced to the joy of your hearts, even by all who will receive our 
testimony, and practise those precepts which we inculcate 

Let all the Elders who have been sent forth on missions to foreign lands, magnify their 
high and holy calling, in word and deed, and be an example unto all men. Teach the 
^rst principles of the Gospel ; and so far as men shall believe your testimony, adminis- 
ter the first ordinances of life and salvation ; and when they want to know more, send them 
home, tell them that Zion is the place for them to receive those teachings which you have 
not time to teach, and which do not belong to your mission. Do not undertake to teach 
the mysteries of the exaltations and powers of the worlds to come, and of eternal lives, un- 
less you want to lose all the little claim to eternal life which you may have. 

Think not, O ye Elders of Israel .' that your eternal heirship is won, and immutably se- 
cured, because you have attained to a portion of the Holy Priesthood, and a few of its in- 
itiating ordinances, while as yet your life and the security of all your great and glorious 
blessings in hope and prospect, are as a vapour before the sun ; as yet depending wholly 
on your meekness, faithfulness, and perseverance to the end in everything good. Think 
not that you are legally entitled to even one wife, while you live on this earth, unless you 
are sealed up to everlasting lives, by the will aad decree of the Eternal Father, and a 
knowledge of the fact has been communicated to you, through the proper source, and not 
direct^ to you, in person. And consider that the blessings you have hitherto received, 
through the mercies of Him who lovelhyou, even your Father in heaven, will all be wrest- 
ed from you, like David's of old, should you err like him. 

To the Sisters in Israel, we say, be patient. If your husband has died in the faith, and 
you wish to he sealed to him for eternity, you must come to Zion, to receive that sealing or- 
dinance And if a High Priest or an Elder, should tell you that you cannot be saved if 
you are not sealed to him, either as proxy for time, or for eternity to the exclusion of your 
dead, thrust him from your presence, as Lucifer was thrust from heaven : for that High 
Priest or Elder, will be damned, (unless he speedily repent,) as sure as Lucifer was ; and 
he can neither save you, nor you him. But come to Zion, be patient tillyoucan get here, 
and the Temple is completed, and your oldest son, by the husband to whom you wish to be 
sealed, may stand as his father's legal representative by your side, and by him you may be 
sealed to your dead husband; for it is the legal right, in God's kingdom, for the oldest 
son to minister, and obtain blessings for his father, and act for his father when he is 
gone into the eternal world. 

Keep yourselves pure, live spotless and undefiled, all ye who profess to be Saints. Show 
your faith by your works. Let the Elders flee from any country where they are perse- 
cuted beyond endurance, and open the door of salvation to the first people who are willing 
to receive them. Translate the Book of Mormon into every language and dialect under 
heaven, and print the same, as God shall give you the opportunity. And from this hour 
the gift of tongues, and by it translations, from language to language, shall be more and 
more manifest unto the Elders of Israel, until no nation, kingdom, tribe, or family, shall 
be destitute of the offer of the word of God on the earth. 

So far as the Spirit shall direct, let not the Elders forget to ordain native Deacons, 
Teachers, Priests, and Elders, and set them to work in every nation where they are ; and 
if God shall open the door to a nation that has never heard the Gospel, fill it with the best 
messengers you can. 

Elders Lyman and Rich will soon leave for their home at San Bernardino, California, 
vchere all Saints from warm latitudes, may gather, the first opportunity, and when they 
arrive take the counsel of these brethren., San Diego will be the beet port of entry for all 
such, and may be reached at any season of the year— the Saints coming hither can bear 
the heat. The remainder of the Apostles have no special mission abroad at present. 

Brethren, come home as fast as possible, bringing your poor, your silver, your gold, and 
everything that will beautify and ennoble Zion, and establish the House of the Lord; not 
forgetting the seeds of all choice trees, and fruits , and grains, and useful productions 
of the earth, and labour saving machinery, keeping yourselves unspotted from the world 
by the way side. 

And may our Father in heaven bless you to your hearts' content, in all good things, 
even all you need, in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen. 

BaiGHAM Young, 
Hebeb C. Kimball, 
Great Salt Lake City, April '3, 1853. Willard Hichards* 

Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Published by A. Famhani;, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY TllE AUTHORITY OF THE 

Cfiuirjb ot ^t&u^ Cfinsit of Hatter IBaj) ^amtsi, 

IN SYDNEY. 



Nos. 8-9. SATURDAY, JANUARY 28, 1854. Vol I. 



Quarterly Conference of the Church of Jesus Christ op 
Latter-Day Saints held, pursuant to ?fOTicE, at the 
OLD Assembly Rooms, King-street, Sydney, New South 
Wales, January 1st, 1854. 

present: — 

Presidency of the Australasian Mission : 

Augustus Farnh^m, 

William Hyde, Josiali W. Fleming. 

Travelling Elders — 

James Graham, John Eldridge, John McCarthy, Charles Stapley, 
Junr., William Baxter. 
Presidency of Sydney Branch — 
John Jones, 
William Robb, Robert Evans. 

Elder Charles Stapley, Senr., President of Williams River Branch. 
Elder John Penfold, President of the Clarence Town Branch. 
Elder William Howel, President of the Newcastle Branch. 
Meeting opened by singing the 21st Hymn, " Sweet is the work, 
my God, my King," &c. 

Prayer by Elder John S. Eldridge. 

Sang 29th Hymn, '^ What was witnessed in the Heavens," &c. 
Brother and Sister Howell sang 73rd Hymn, (Welch Collection) 
" Yn iach ! i bawb yn awr." 

Elder John Jones called the meeting to order, and declared the 
Conference opened for business. 

It was then moved, seconded, and carried, that Elder John Jones 
be the Clerk of the Conference. 

President Farnham then rose and said — Brethren, we have met in 
the capacity of a Conference to transact business pertaining to the 
Kingdom of God. We all know the character of a Conference ; in 
it we vote to sustain all the officers in the Kingdom of God, I de^ 



siro that CA'ciy one sjiould vote either for or against. Self jii(|oment 
is a righteous judgment, therefore I want everyone to know and con- 
sider what they do. Let those who vote on tiie contrary state their 
reasons for doing so, for I want no hypocrites ; I want no one to vote 
for that which they are not willing to sustain. 

Elder W. Hyde rose and said that he acquiesced in the remarks 
that had been made, and hoped that they woukl move as one man. 
^Ve understand how business is done in the Church. We transact 
business different from the world — such as are to be sustained will be 
presented to the Conference. He then proposed, and Elder Josiah W. 
Fleming seconded, that Elder Augustus Farnham preside at this Con- 
ference, and that w^e henceforth receive and sustain him as the Pre- 
sident of the Australasian Mission. 

The question being put to the meeting it was carried by a unani- 
mous vote. 

It was moved, seconded and carried that we receive and sustain 
FJdcrs W. Hyde and J. W. Fleming as Counsellors to President A. 
Farnham. 

It was moved, seconded, and carried, that we receive and sustain 
Elder John Jones as the President of the Sydney Branch. 

It was moved, seconded, and carried, that we receive and sustain 
Elders William Robb and Robert Evans as Counsellors to President 
Jones. 

It was moved, seconded, and carried, that we receive and sustain the 
First Presidency in Zion, Brigham Young, as President of the Church 
of Jesus Christ throughout the world, and as their Prophet, Seer, and 
Revelator, and their Leader in Israel, and also receive and sustain 
lleber C. Kimbal and VVilliard Richards as his Counsellors and as 
Apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

It was moved, seconded, and carried, that we receive and sustain 
the Quorum of twelve Apostles who have the charge of the work 
of the Ministry throughout the world. 

It was moved, seconded, and carried, that w^e receive and sustain 
Father John Smith as the Patriarch of the Church in Zion. 

It was moved, seconded, and carried, that we receive and sustain 
all the Officers in the Church in Zion, and throughout the world. 

President Farnham rose and stated that it was contemplated to 
start a company for Zion about April next. The subject has been 
laid before my Council ; we are one on the matter. The instructions 
to the Elders of Israel as given in the Ninth General Epistle of the 
First Presidency, is to push the people together from the ends of the 
earth. It will be necessary that a person be appointed to lead the 
company, he will stand between them and our Father in Heaven, to 
receive counsel from on high for leading and directing such company 
until they arrive in Zion, My desire is that the conference should 
choose the person who shoukf lead this company, and that you may 
have time to consider the subject, it shall be left for a time and we 
will receive the Elders' Report. 



59 

Elder William Hyde rose and stated, there are three branches organ- 
ized in the Hunter River District, the WlHams' River Branch consists 
of 34 members, Elders, Priests, Teachers, Deacon ; Clarence Tevv^n 9 
members, 1 Elder, 1 Priest, 1 Teacher ; Newcastle, 14 members, 2 
Elders, 1 Teacher, this branch was organized with officers as they came 
out from Wales, there are 16 m.embers on the Allen River not organ- 
ized, 8 members scattered in the country, total members including 
officers 82^ there has been added to the church since last conference 
15 by baptism and 12 by ticket from Wales, there are some ready to 
be baptised on our return. The gospel is onward and will always 
be so. 

President Farnham stated that he had received a letter from Elder 
B. Frost, President of the Victoria conference, and also from Elder 
Paul Smith giving an account of the work of the Lord in that colony, 
the work was progressing there, there was much opposition, an under 
current was working, many w^ere enquiring into the principles. There 
were in that conference 1 Seventy, 1 High Priest, 4 Elders, 2 Priests, 16 
members, there has also been received by letters from Elder A. P. 
Dowdle, President of the South Australian conference, and from Elder 
Norton an account of the work of the Lord in that part of the vineyard. 
The work is progressing, there has been three branches organized, 
they contain respectively 16, 11, and 15 members. The Elders are 
invited into the interior, they are continually being blessed of the Lord 
even to their astonishment. The President stated that whilst on his 
feet he would give an account of the work in Sydney. The work was 
progressing slowly in Sydney, there had been 3 baptised since the last 
conference. Many are secretly enquiring after the truth, some who 
are convinced of the truth of this work, are detered from obeying 
through the love of the world. The servants of the Lord here are 
doing their utmost to disseminate the principles of the Gospel both by 
preaching and printing, there are in Sydney 2 Seventies, 2 High 
Priests, 8 Elders, 2 Priests, 1 Teacher, 2 Deacons, 42 Members. 

The President then called on Elder John Eldridge for his report, 
when he arose and stated, my labours have been scattered, travelling 
and preaching the gospel in various places, we have preached in Cam- 
den and baptised 7, they are not organized but they are full in the 
faith, and would have been here to day, had not circumstances 
transpired which rendered it impossible. We have also travelled in 
Windsor, but have not baptised any, there are some believing, some 
enquiring, and some crying delusion. 

The President then reintroduced the subject of appointing a person 
to lead the company, that was about to proceed to the valley, and 
called on the conference for a proposition in relation to the same. 

Elder Chas. Stapley Senr. moved, and Elder J. W. Fleming second- 
ed, that Elder W. Hyde be appointed to lead the company. 

The President put the proposition to the meeting and it was parried. 

The President then stated that the counsel was, that there wa* au 



60 

open door for every saint to go in this company, except sucli as might 
be connselled to remain, some would liave to stop to carry on the work, 
for there were ten labourers wanted for every one that we had, for the 
Av ay was opening for preaching the gospel in many fresh places. Let 
the saints obey counsel, and they will be blest with the blessing of 
heaven and earth. Mankind will be benefitted by them, and they will 
prove themselves worthy of the priesthood. Nothing need be feared 
from the opposition of the world, for the Lord hath decreed that truth 
shall triumph over error, the righteous or honest-hearted shall be 
gathered, his kingdom built up, and that the man governments with 
all their abominations shall be uprooted and destroyed. 

The President then called brothers Luke Syphus and Joseph 
Ridges to the Priesthood, they were unanimously received by the con- 
ference. President Farnham then addressed the meeting, sang the 
84th Hymn, " Come sound his praise abroad." Brother and Sister 
Howell sang the 12th Hymn, Welch collection ^' Yn gyntat Ceisiwch 
deyrnas Dduw. Benediction by Elder John Jones. 

Conference met in the afternoon at 3 p. m. Meeting opened by 
singing 46th Hymn, "Come, come, ye Saints, no toil nor labour 
fear." Prayer by Elder James Graham ; sung the 64th Hymn, 
"How are thy servants blest ! Lord." Brother and Sister Howell 
sung Hymn, Welch collection, " Mai gwlad dda i bawb or Saint," 
&c. Elder William Hyde addressed the meeting on the organization 
of the Church of Christ, and the necessity of obedience. 

Meeting addressetl by President A. Farnham, after which the sac- 
rament was administered by Elder John Jones. Sung the 221st 
Hymn, " When shall we all meet again ? " Benediction by Elder W^ 
Hyde. 

Conference met at 7 p. m. Sung 274th Hymn, " Come to me, will 
ye come to the Saints that have died." Prayer by President A. 
Farnham. Sung 230 Hymn, " How firm a foundation," &c. Elder 
Josiah W. Fleming addressed the Meeting on the organization of the 
Church and the blessings accruing therefrom, illustrating the subject 
by a reference to the past history ot the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints. Elder John Jones then addressed the meeting. 
Elder W. Howell having received permission, said, that being a 
stranger he felt it to be his duty to bear his testimony to the truth of 
this work ; he knew it to be the work of the Lord. It gave him much 
pleasure to be in the company of the Saints in this ?and, for he found 
that they were actuated by the same spirit as the Saints in Wales. 
The spirit of the Lord was the same in all lands and amidst eveiv 
people. Sung the Hymn called the Resurrection, "VV hen first this ' 
glorious light of truth burst forth in this last age." *^ 

It was proposed,. seconded, and carried, that the conference ad- 
journ until Monday morning, at 10 A. M., at the Room, Parramatta 
street. Benediction by the President. 

Conference mel pursuant to adjournment, at the Room of President 



61 

A. Farnliam, 12, Parramatta-street, on Monday Morning, January 
2nd, at 10 A. m. 

Meeting opened by prayer by Elder J. W. Fleming. President A, 
Farnham addressed the meeting on the necessity of cultivating faith, 
in order to our continued faithfulness— faithfulness being necessary to 
our unity, and unity to our keeping the spirit, without which our 
minds would become barren and unfruitful in the things of the 
kingdom of God, &c. 

Elder W. Hyde then addressed the meeting on the authority of the 
Priesthood, and the powers thereof, and the necessity of obedience to 
its laws, instructions, and counsel, &c. Elder J. W. Fleming then 
addressed the meeting, he followed on the same subject, dwelling 
much on the necessity of obedience to counsel, showing that the 
danger of falling away was much greater in such case than in any 
other. He illustrated the subject by references to individual instances 
of persons who had fell away, the first step to which had been their 
overlooking counsel, wishing to form a head to themselves, which the 
Lord had not appointed. 

Elder John Jones then addressed the meeting, following on the 
same subjects, showing that the continual exercise of faith increased 
its strength and power, and testified that the authority of the Priest- 
hood was upon the earth. He himself was a living witness of the 
same, &c. 

The meeting was addressed by the following Elders, J. Graham, 
J. Eldridge, W. Robb, W. Howell, J. McCarthy, W. Baxter, Chas. 
Stapley. Luke Syphus was then ordained to the office of an Elder, 
and Joseph Ridges to that of a Priest, under the hands of the Presi- 
dency of the Mission. L. Syphus andJL_Ei^££lihen addressed the 
meeting. 

Proposed, seconded, and carried, that conference adjourn until 
evening. Benediction by Elder J. Graham. 

Adjourned meeting of Conference at 7 p. m. Meeting opened by 
singing. Prayer by Elder J. Jones. Singing. The President ad- 
dressed the meeting on the necessity of watchfulness and prayer, that 
we might be prepared for life or death, for life was uncertain — we do 
not know how soon we might be called away. We have received in- 
telligence per "Millennial Star," of the death of Elder Snow, who 
was consigned to a watery grave whilst on Jiis passage to Liverpool. 
He was a faithful servant of the Lord, beloved and highly esteemed 
by his brethren. He had been absent from his family about three 
years, and was about to return home. The President continued his 
address with many interesting remarks, &c. 

The meeting was further addressed by Elders J. W. Fleming, John 
Jones, and W. Hyde. 

After which the Elders received their appointments — John S. 
Eldridge to continue on the South Western section, accompanied by 
W. Baxter ; John McCarthy called to assist James Graham at More- 



G2 

ton Bay; W. Hyde and Chas. Stapley, Junr., to continue their labors 
in the Hunter River District; W. Howell, Newcastle; J. W. Fleming 
calkd to the assistance of the President. 

Sung hymn. Conference adjourned to first Sunday in April. Be- 
nediction by the President. 

AUGUSTUS FARNHAM, Pkesident." 
JOHN JONES, Clerk. 



Statistic of the Australian Mission of the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-dav Saints. 



Conference . . . 


-n 

1 




CO 

3 


'tZ 




eft 

Q 


1^ 


13 

H 


Sydney 


I2 


2 


s 


2 


1 


1 ^ 


42 


59 


Hunter River 


1 




5 


2 


3 


1 


69 


81 


Victoria 


1 


1 


4 


2 






16 


24 


Adelaide . . . 


1 


1 


3 


1 






23 


29 


] 





4 


20 


7 


4 


3 


148 


193 





















Remarks 



I One Branch 
29 {not reported. 



MORMONISM. 

7'o the Editor of the Empire. 

Sir — The " Sydney Morning Herald " having published, in their 
issue of Saturday last, an extract headed "Approaching break up of 
the Mormon Imposture," myself, in company with Mr. Robb, waited 
at the office on the morning of the 27th instant, for the purpose of 
having the following address and extracts published as an advertise- 
ment, but such was Mr. John Fairfax's hatred to the truth, and his 
love q/' justice^ thai notwithstanding his Pharasaical profession of 
" Sworn to no Master, of no Sect am I," he refused to publish it, 
saying " I want nothing to do with Mormonism ; " but how could it 
be supposed that he would be just, when he is sworn to no master. 
No, not even to truth and justice. They are not to direct him in his 
proceedings, in connexion with his journal. 

We would have Mr, John Fairfax know that we, with God, know 



63 

how to look upon such a proud mone\^-huutiii^, popularity-seeking, 
God-not-fearing, men-disregarding spirit as lie possesses. 

If he wants " nothing to do with Mormonism " why docs he not let 
it alone? Let him cease his wickedly unjust practice of puhlishing 
the lies of anonymous scribblers, and we promise him that the Mor- 
mons will not trouble him again. 

Hoping Sir, that the love of truth, justice, and mercy may induce 
you to insert this, and the annexed, 1 subscribe myself in the love of 
truth, justice, and mercy, 

JOHN JONES. 

P.S. — Very little more of the spirit possessed by Mr. F. would be 
required to induce its possessor to pen such an article as that which 
he published on Saturday last. 

TO THE AUSTRALIAN PUBLIC. 

On Tuesday, the 13th instant, the autliorities of the Church of 
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, in this city, waited upon the pro- 
prietor of tiie " Sydney Morning Herald " to request him to publish 
the following extracts of Judge L. H. Read's report, when Mr. Fair- 
fax, Junior, declined publishing it, alleging that the " Sydney ^lorn- 
ing Herald" w^as a commercial paper ; but no sooner does anything 
appear that has a tendency to throw odium and reproach upon the 
Saints than its commercial character is submerged under the influence 
of a desire to put down Mormonism, and accusations and statements 
are put forth to the public though they arc only the production of an 
anonymous scribbler. 

How far such conduct can be defended upon the principle of the 
love of truth and justice, we shall leave their consciences, if the)^ have 
any — to decide; but thus much we do know, that the Son of God, 
who " Spoke as never man spake," stated that " What measure we 
mete to others shall be meted to us again." 

In conclusion, we would particularly request the public fairly and 
impartially to weigh the report of the Chief Judge of Utah (who was 
appointed by the American Government) as it was published by the 
''Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer," of November 22nd, with that 
of the trash and abuse which appeared in the *' Sydney Morning 
Herald " of Saturday last. 

JOHN JONES. 

December 26, 1853. 



UTAH— ITS GOVERNOR, SOCIETY, AND INSTITUTIONS. 

(Extract of a Letter from the Hon. L. II. Read, Chief Justi&e of L'tah.) 
(From the "Bath (U. S.) Advocate.") 

Great Salt Lake City, Tuesday, June 23, 1853. 
W. C. Rhodes— Dear Sir — On Monday morning (6th) 1 waited on 



64 

his Excellency, Governor Young, exhibited to him my 
and was by him duly sworn and installed as Chief Justice of Utah. 
I was received by Governor Young with marked courtesy and respect. 
He has taken pains to make my residence here agreeable. The Go- 
vernor, in manners and conversation, is a polished gentleman. Very 
neat and tasty in dress, easy and pleasant in conversation, and I 
think a man of decided talent, and strong intellectual qualities. In 
person he very strongly resembles our deceased fellow citizen W. W. 
McCay. I have heard him address the people once on the subject 
of Man's Free Agency. He is a very excellent speaker. His ges- 
ture uncommonly graceful; articulation distinct, and speech pleasant. 
His voice resemi3les very much Judge Hiram Gray, of Elmira. I was 
extremely edified by his address and manner. The Governor is a 
first rate business man. As Civil Governor of the Territory, and 
Superintendent of Indian Affairs, we would naturally suppose he had 
as much to do as one man could well attend to ; but in addition to 
those employments he is also President of the Church — a station 
which is no sinecure by any means. His private business is exten- 
sive ; he owns several grist and saw mills, is extensively engaged in 
farming operations, all which he superintends personally. I have 
made up my mind that no man has been more grossly misrepresented 
than Governor Young, and that he is a man who will reciprocate 
kindness and good intentions as heartily and as freely as any one — 
but if abused, or crowded hard, I think he may be found exceedingly 
hard to handle. 

Salt Lake City is a wonder. It is not quite six years since the 
first pioneers entered this valley. There was not then one civilized 
inhabitant within five hundred miles, nor the least vestige of civiliza- 
tion or improvement. The people had nothing in the world except 
wiiat they brought with them in their wagons, across the plains, 
from the States. The soil is naturally hard and dry, and very little 
is produced without irrigation. For the first year or two the settlers 
suffered very severely from want of provisions and proper shelter. 
They subsisted mainly upon roots, and were sometimes compelled to 
eat horses and dogs. At present, however the people raise an abun- 
dance of all kinds of vegetables, and a large surplus of wheat and 
coarse grain, some of the finest beef I ever saw. The city is laid out 
in squares, and the whole number of acres in the corporate limit is 
not less than two thousand ; each lot contains about one acre. Any 
person of good character and industrious habits can have a lot for a 
very small sum, provided he will settle upon it and build a house. 
Every lot in the city can be irrigated without much expense or trouble. 
The city proper contains about 7,000 permanent inhabitants. I have 
noticed a large number of very well built and comfortable dwelling 
houses, and some excellent and well cultivated gardens. The public 
buildings already completed are convenient, well constructed, and 
present a very creditable outside appearance. The city and country 



65 

arc well provided with ingenious mechanics of every branch of ti'ade. 

Tlic people appear all to be doing well. They are voiy industrious 
and orderly, and I see no reason why they cannot enjoy themselves 
as well as their fellow citizens in any other part of the Union. I 
have attended church tw ice. The mode of worship is very like that 
of other denominations. The sermons I heard, were well delivered 
and creditable. The music excellent, being vocal and instrumental. 
The house of worship is very commodious, and the congregation 
usually numbers about one thousand. 

The principal men are New Yorkers and New Englanders, but a 
majority of Western New Yorkers. I have got acquainted with most 
of them, and find them all courteous, kind, and gentlemanly. We 
have here a few^ Steuben people. Governor Young and his brothers, 
Phineas, John, Joseph, and Lorenzo, formerly resided in Tyrone, near 
Captain Sebring's. Their father settled there about 1819, and owned a 
farm there for some time. Phineas is a printer, and formerly worked 
in Bath, for our esteemed fellow-citizen David Rumsey, deceased. 
John Barnard, formerly of Jasper, is here and doing well. I have 
also become acquainted with an aged lady, a Mrs. Cory, sister of 
John R. Stephens, of Hornellsville, and daughter of Mr. Uriah Ste- 
phens, late of Carnisteo. I find also a large number from right 
around Steuben, Yates, Alleghany, Ontario, Tompkins, Chemung, 
and Livingston. These are all New-Yorkers still, and make my 
residence much more pleasant than it otherwise would be. We get 
together occasionally, and talk about " the old country " and old 
friends. 

Nearly the whole population of Salt Lake City and Utah Territory 
are Mormons. I doubt whether more than two hundred outsiders 
can be found. The state of society is different from anything we 
have been accustomed to. All matters, or nearly so, pertaining to 
religious and domestic affairs, are regulated by the Church ; contro- 
versies of every kind are settled by the Ecclesiastical Councils. 

The plurality system, as is is called here, (or polygamy in fact,) 
prevails extensively ; but those that suppose that licentiousness or lose- 
ness of manners or morals prevails to any extent, are very much 
mistaken. The women are exceedingly modest and circumspect in 
their deportment. I have had the pleasure of an introduction to a 
number who are very sensible and agreeable, and I think, compare 
fully with the well-bred ladies of the States. They are from New 
York and New England, (those I am speaking of,) and differ in 
nothing from their sisters in the Eastern States. From all I can see 
and learn, there is less licentiousness and vulgarity in this city and 
territory than any other place of equal population in the United 
States. The men are jcaJous of all interference in their domestic 
affairs ; and seduction and adultery, if discovered, are apt to be pun- 
ished by death of the offender. Some cases of this kind have hap- 
pened here. Truly your friend, Laz. H. Read. 



66 

A REPLY TO THE ''CHRISTIAN HFAl ALB" ON THE PLU- 
RALITY OF WIVES. 

(Continued from Page 52.) 

That Christ did not abolish Polygamy we have already proved, 
and that by reference to the very stronghold of the advocates of 
Monogamy ; but that it may be more fully established we shall refer 
to two other passages, Mark 12, Luke 20. In these chapters we 
have an account of the Saducees questioning him (Chrisi)in reference 
to the law of Moses, which ordained that a man's family should be 
built up by proxy when necessary. This law existed before Moses 
as we have previously shown. We have also shown that all the 
blessings promised to the children of God are dependant upon their 
inheritance of their posterity^ so that there would be the same ne- 
cessity for the perpetuation of this law as before : — had it been 
otherwise Christ would doubtless have embraced this very favourable 
opportunity of correcting this law and the custom of the Jews ; but 
he is entirely silent, from which we may legitimately infer that it 
met with his approval. 

But this fact will appear much more e^ ident by a reference to the 
19th chap, of Matthew, 29th verse, And every one that hath forsaken 
houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or chil- 
dren, or lands, for my name's sake shall receive an hundredfold^ and 
shall inherit everlasting life : here a man that loses one vnj'e for the 
Gospel is to have a hundred wives in the restitution. Why don't the 
sects believe their Bible ? What will these hired Priests, who enjoy 
fat livings under a pretence of teaching the Bible, say when tliey 
meet the saviour, and find that he has literally carried out this promise, 
of giveing the man who has had to sacrilice one wife for his name's 
sake a hundred^ that thus he might have an increased posterity to 
reign over, will they then cry out polygamy, licentiousness, unfit to 
live, if they will they can make up their minds for the contest, for he 
is sure to accompUsh his promise, though in doing it he should have 
to destroy the hireling priesthood with all the hosts of hell. 

In this doctrine we find the purposes, dispensations, and promises 
of God harmonize ; but in the other all is left to be conjectured, the 
imagination is brought to play to find a heaven and to depict its en- 
joyments, to the redeemed is assigned an eternal life of monotonous 
psalmsinging, an exhaltation to an imaginary kingdom without any 
subjects, a nondescript priesthood witliout any power, but the former 
doctrine leads us to understand in some small degree what is implied 
in the promise made to the rlghleous ; not only that their names should 
be perpetuated, but also that there should be a never ending increase 
to their posterity, and also to appreciate the curse pronounced by the 
scriptures against the wicked, that their name should be blotted out 
and their posterity cut oft. Here we are reminded of the statement 
previously made, that such as were married by God, were married 
for eternity, or in other words that the covenant of such as were 



67 

joined togctlier by the Lord was indissoluble. 

That this is the case will be-made quite evident, by a reference to 
the only marriage ceremony performed by God that is recorded in scrip- 
ture, we refer to the account given in Genesis of God giving Eve to 
be an help-mate for man. 

AYe would remind the reader that when this occured, our first 
parents had not sinned, they were therefore immortal, Adam was im- 
mortal and Eve an immortal help-mate to him, an eternal adaption or 
relationship was established between them, this relationship was neces- 
sary to their individual and united happiness. Being thus adapted to 
and united with each other, and having received an unlimited com- 
mand to increase and multiply and replenish the earth, no period can 
be conceived when this union would cease to be or not be necessary. 
And it does not appear that this union was dissolved by the fall, 
for the commandment to increase &c., continued in force, after, as 
before the fall, but granting, which can by no means be proved, that 
this union was dissolved by the fall : it must be evident that as Christ 
redeemed man from all the consequences of the fall, this consequence 
w^as not excluded, and that therfore when man in the resurrection in 
Christ, the second Adam is restored to all that he lost in the first, this 
blessing will be restored to him also. 

From the above it will be evident that all such as are joined toge- 
ther by God are united for eternity, and having previously shown, 
that, that which provoked His anger towards the Antedeluvians, was 
their marrying contrary to His council and commandments. It may 
legitimately be infered that all such as received from Him marked ap- 
probation and peculiar blessing, must have acted strictly in accordance 
with His council and instruction in relation to marrying. As Abra- 
ham was preeminently blessed of the Lord, and has received the dis- 
tinguished and exhalted appellation of the Father of the Faithful, it 
cannot for a moment be doubted, but that in contracting marriages he 
acted by the counsel and commandment of God. That this was the 
case with Sarah we presume will not be denied, and the sectarian will 
not dispute but that it was so in the case of Keturah whom he married 
after the death of Sarah. This being the case, Abraham's marriage 
covenant with Keturah was as indissoluble as the covenant with 
Sarah, and the covenant with Sarah as eternal as the one w ith Keturah; 
therefore Abraham in the resurrection would be legitimately entitled to 
both, and as God is unchangeable, and in His word condems such as 
break covenants, especially the everlasting one, and has positively de- 
clared that he hateth putting aivay^ he ( Abraham ) would be sure to 
receive them both in the resurrection. 

Startle not reader ; because this doctrine is contrary to your pre- 
conceived opinions, and the custom of society. Be not surprised that 
the ministers of modern Christendom arc enshrouded in darkness, for 
the wise man has laid it down as an axiom that "where there is no 
vision the people perish." 

(To bi continued.) 



68 

THE COMING CRISIS-HOW TO MEET IT. 

(From the Millennial Star.) 
[Continued from p. 39. J 

As Moses laid down the law to Pharaoh, and continued to multiply evils and juigments 
until he made an utter end of Pharaoh and the Egyptians, even so will the liviog God 
prescribe the line of conduct to be pursued, and the penalties of violation, to great aod 
mighty nations, until they rally round the ensign established upon the mountains, and go 
up to th« house of the God of Jacob to learn His ways, or are utterly oyer whelmed in keen 
anguish and ruin. 

The ways of the God of Jacob are easily recognized In these days of general wicked- 
ness. It is true, that they are clearly revealed in the Scriptures of truth, and by a living 
Priesthood of inspired men, yet they have been so Jong and so grossly perverted by the 
precepts and opinions of a hireling ministry, that doubts and contentions have sprung up 
in every land, and the plainest and simplest truths are denied, abrogated, or acoounted 
obsolete. God is not allowed to speak from the heavens by the mouths of Prophets as in 
former days. Notwithstanding there is much preaching and praying, still there is a vir- 
tual acknowledgment amongst all nations that God, as he was known unto the Patriarchs 
and Prophets of old, has forsaken the earth. And men are left to discover the way to 
heaven by the light of nature, or the misty nebulse of a hireling priesthood. And it is a 
fact undeniable, that infidels in the school of nature have more true piety towards the 
living God, than the hireling ministry of Christendom have. H««nce priests are doing so 
much, often unwittingly, to blind the eyes of the people, so that they shall not see the ap- 
proaching crisis in its true character until the catastrophe is completed, and Great Babylon 
and all her lofty cities, great wealth, princely merchi-nts, chief captains, and mighty 
sovereigns, ace laid low in one general ruin. Oh ye great and strong nations ! ye philo- 
sophers and religionists ! ye spiritual mediums and ye revelators, sitting upon thrones 
over great nations ! how can you fulfil the prophecies that are so clearly revealed, concern- 
ing the destruction of the last days J Ye perhaps marvel that the great men and governors 
over one hundred and twenty-seven provinces in ancient Babylon, with a brave monarch 
at their head, should have been such firm believers in the astrologers, magicians, and in- 
terpreters of dreamsj in their days ! But marvel not, for when the greater power oT the 
like class of persons, under the direction of Satan, shall he brought to bear in your own 
day, the delusion will be so much stronger, that Princes, Presidents, Governors, and chief 
Captains, will be constrained to bow to it. Their credulity will be taxed beyond the power 
of resistance. The workers of these mysterious and supernatural arts wiU bring to their 
aid both natural and supernatural causes that will chiilenge and defy disputation. The 
senses and judgment of men cannot \»iihstand such imperative facts as will arresst their ob- 
servation. For it cannot be denied that facts and truths will constitute such a mensure of 
the ingredients of these mysterious and wonderful arts as to give them an irresistible 
strength of conviction to those who are unenlightened by the Spirit of God. And so far 
as facts and truths are mingled, it must also be acknowledged that God, the true and living 
Sovereign of heaven and earth, will contribute to produce the delusion. He said tl.at " He 
will send them strong delusions that they might believe a lie." He gives his reason and 
apology for acting after this strange manner — because, knowing the truth, they (o not 
love it unadulterated. And knowing God, they do not choose to glorify Him as God. 
Therefore their foolish hearts become darkened, and God suffers Satan to compound and 
mix up truth and error in such proportions as to be captivating and strongly delusive. As 
a snare, this composition will be ingenioasly mixed and administered to all nations, by 
skilful aud practised bands. 

And who shall be able to withstand P Do you think that your great sagacity and the 
compass of your profound, philosophical turn of mind will enable you to detect the error 
and delusion of these arts P Oh, man, this is a vain hope. You will not be competent 
to detect the delusion. God himself will allow Satan to ply your scrutinizing eye with 
powers and sophistications far beyond your capacity to detect. Do you say then, I will 
stand aloof from investigation, I will shun all acquaintance with these mysterious work- 
ings, in order that 1 may not be carried away wsth their delusive inflaence. Vain hope. 
Oh, man, you cannot be neutral. You must choose your side and put on your aroooui* 
Those that oome not up to the help of the Lord in the day of battle, will be sorely cursed. 
The captive Hebrew, Daniel, stood up boldly against all the governors and whole realm of 
Eabykin with their monarch at their head. But Daniel readily acknowledged that it was 
not from any wisdom ia hitn, above other mvxx, that he could surpass the astrologers aod 



69 

magicians. But holding intercourse with the God of heaven, he bec«»e endowed with a 
supernatural comprehension that effectually shielded him against supernatural delusion. 
Thereby he escaped the snare that entwined around the great statesmen and governors of 
that immense empire of Babylon. Thereby those who took refuge in the name of the 
I>ord and in immediate revelation from heaven, will be safe, and no others. He that is not 
for God and the principle of immediate revelation, will inevitably bo ensnared, overcome, 
and destroyed. Because he that is not for Him must be against Him. No man in any 
age was ever for God, or even a friend of God, that did not hold intercourse with Him 
personally, and receive for himself the revelations of His will. The rock of revelation, by 
which Peter knew Jesus Christ, is the only basis upon which any man can escape the 
strong delusion which God will send among the nations, through Satan and his mediums 
and coadjutors. Reader, if you live long you will be compelled to take a side for God or 
for Satan. Satan was allowed to try a compulsory process upon as good a man as Job. The 
whirlwind and tempestuous elements, with disease and death, were put into Satan's hand 
that he might compel Job to abandon his integrity. Had not Job possessed the key of 
revelation from God, he would have been compelled to have made peace with Satan, and 
forsaken the Lord. His wife urged him to do so— says she, " Curse God and die ;" or, in 
other words, take the side of Satan against God. Now reader, if you have ships of 
precious merchandise, floating at sea, the time is fast coming when Satan will destroy 
those ships, unless you bow down to his power and become a oo-operator with him. And 
if you do bow down to him, to work wickedness and say, no eye seeth me — then God will 
destroy those ships and you too, and peradventure He will destroy your family also, and 
make a clean end of you, and blot out your name under heaven. Your beautiful mansion 
and fljurishing family still have to be consecrated to God or to Satan, whichever you may 
choosCo The cimtroversy is begun and the war will never end till the victory is complete 
and universal, and there shall not be found so much as a dog to move his tongue against 
the Lord, and the immediate revelations of His will. Your being a minister of some 
Church will not serve as the least screen for you against the hot indignation of God, un- 
less you have the law and the testimony of the true and living God made known to you per- 
sonally. For the time has come that God will write His law upon every man's heart, that 
will receive it, not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God. And against him that 
hath this law, the gates of hell never have prevailed and never will prevail. Heaven and 
earth shall pass before a jot of this law shall be made to succumb to wicked men or devils. 
The heavens have been shaken once when angels rebelled, and they are destined to another 
shaking even with the earth. Do you say you dont need any more revelation from God. 
Then the Devil will be allowed to give you some which you don't need. And by the time 
that he has revealed himself to you, and buffetted you, and trained you under his rigorous 
discipline to fight in this awful crisis against the heavens, peradventure you will not then 
feel so rich and increased in goods, but that you can take a little counsel from the Lori, 
and feel a little of your extreme poverty and destitution. 

You cannot know God without present revelation. Did you ever think of this most 
solemn and essential truth before ? You may have been accustomed to pray all your life- 
time, and as yet you, even you, do not know God. You may have heard many thousand 
sermons, with a sincere desire both to remember and practice them, and yet you do not 
know God. But it has been decided in the court of heaven, that no man can know the 
Father but the Son, and he to whom the Son revealeth him. Now, has Jesus Christ ever 
revealed God the Father to you, dear reader P Be honest with yourself, and do not err in 
your answer to this most important question. However much the Son may have revealed 
the Father to Prophets, Patriarchs, and Apostles of old, the question still remains in full 
force— has he revealed Him to you f A revelation to another man is by no means a reve- 
lation to you. For instance, God revealed himself to Samuel, and called him by name to 
be a Prophet. God called Abraham to kill Isaac, but that is no revelation to you to kill 
your son. God revealed the baptism of repentance to John the Baptist, before Christ's 
death, but that is not a revelation to you. He revealed authority to Paul to preach to the 
Gentiles, but what was told to Paul is not told to you, nor is it required of you. Again, 
you need the righteousness of God, to go where God is, and be happy— and how will you 
get it except it is revealed to you personally ? You cannot get it in any other wsy. Hence 
the Lord says, •• The righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith." Don't say 
now, as some do, that revelation was anciently given in order to establisli the truth, and 
being once established it is no longer necessary to be revealed to subsequent generations 
of people. Don't say this for your life, fo"- revelation is just as necessary to establish 
truth now as it was then. You need the ministry of angels now, just as much as people 
did then. They in past ages could not know God, nor say for a certaiaty, from persona 



70 

knowMgp, that Jesus Cluist was the Christ, only by the Holy GhoBt. If tl.e Holy Ghost 
is cofjfirmed upon you, by tbe imposition of tlie hands of the true Prieathood, tlien you can 
know God for yourself. Why P Because the Holy Ghost teaches ail things, even the deep 
things of God. This fr«neration need present revelations from heaven, as much as any 
other generation ever did, because they are quite as wicked as Sodona ever was. They prao- 
tice as gross sensuality and beastliness, as glaring robbery and murder, as much treachery 
and lying, and are as ardent for war and blood-guiltiness, as ever the ancient Canaanitea 
were. And among the many religions that have sprung up, cateulated to confuse people's 
minds, there is, now, as much jargon and schism, contention and strife, and persecuting 
zeal, as there ever was before. Now, reader, you need present revelation fiora God to your 
own dear self, in order to help you out of the nasty, confused labyrinth, and set your feet 
firmly upon the solid rock of revelation. Mere flesh and blood cannot help you now. It 
requires an Almighty arm to effect your deliverance. Therefore, put no more trust in 
man, for a curse rests upon him that will be guided by the precepts of man. 1 do not abk 
you to be guided by what I say to you, unless the Lord from heaven shall reveal to you that 
I speak the truth, even as it is in Christ. Although I knoic that I am declaring heuven's 
truth to you, in all sobriety, yet, my knowing it, does not suffice for you. You also must 
know it for yourself, and not for another. This is your right and your privilege. For God 
has made this promise to you, and not to yon, reader, only, but to all others whom He 
calls to repentance. Now, go and get revelation for yourself. If you are penitently de- 
sirous with all your heart to get revelation from God to your own self, go to sonne one 
whom God has called and ordained to confer the gift of the Holy Ghost upon men, accord- 
ing to His promise in the Acts of the Apostles, aad I promise you in the name of Jesus 
Christ, whose I am both by covenant and sacrifice, that you shall have the desire of your 
heirt. Even so. Amen. 

Reader, be resolute ! This is a critical and trying moment with you. And this is God'J 
call UDto you. Don't refuse when He calls you ! And if you are honestly, without preju* 
dice, meditating upon what you now read, then God's Spirit is sweetly persuading you to 
believe what i say. The faint dawn of the Spirit is even now upon your mind. Now, 
reader, cherish this little dawn of light until the day-light of more tiuth shines more 
clearly upon your mind. Pray mightily for the Spirit of Revelation to rest upon you, 
that you may know the things that are freely given to you of God. And follow the Spirit 
of Revelation, as fast as you receive its whisperings, down in the water where Jesus went, 
for the remission of your sins, and you will very soon become a witness to the truth, and 
put your own eeal upon it even as 1 have done. And you will not barely believe, and hope, 
and fear, but you will know^ from present and personal revelation, that the Lord is a God 
at hand, revealing Himself as freely as He ever did in Patriarchal dayp. Will you not, 
then, be a happy man, O reader ! and you a happy woman, O reader, to come into pos- 
session of the same gift of present revelation from heaven, that hoiy men and holy women 
enjoyed in ancient times P Yes, I know you will. You will then feel d«ep pity and 
sorrow for any one that says he don't need present revelation ! You will then discovef 
the pride of such an one's heart, and mourn over him as one that his blinded by the god 
of this world. But your peace will be great and your joy unspeakable. Although you 
ean hardly believe me now, yet through your faithfulness, the Spirit of prophecy will iu 
due time rest upon you, O man ! and also upon you, woman ! The Spirit of prophecy 
has rested upon many sons and daughters in as humble walks of life as you are, and 
they, according to '' promise," have prophesied and dreamed dreams. Now when this 
promise is fulfilled in your experience, you will feel very glad and very happy. And you 
will feel thankful that you ever read thia with a humble, prayerful heart. And when you 
8*e the promised signs following your faith, as thousands have done in this diy, then you 
will exclaim. Surely this is not merely the form, but also the power of godllnes? — this kind 
•f Gospel is in very deed the power of God unto salvation to every one that believelh ! 
And then if you have money, which so many worship, you wiil not be afraid to give a tenth 
to rear up a temple like Solomon's, in which God will place the ark of His covenant, and 
reveal His will, through His servants the Prophets, for the benefit of all the ends of the 
earth. When you yourself have the promised gift of discerning of spirits, then you will 
not have to ask your neighbour, who is an impostor and who is not— you will know from 
the fountain head all about it just as well as the next person. He that is spiritual judgeth 
all things. Many things are hard to be understood and reconciled, which the unstable 
and unlearned stumble at, even as formerly— he that is spiritual can easily judge all 
things, hue he that is not spiritual can judge nothiDg correctlji for be is blind, and caQaot 
see afar off. 



71 

And further, wlipn ycu sre also the gross and beastly sexual abnmlnat'ons that are prac 
tteed and are incrrasing among oil natiori8, without ehame or fear, yon will nut luarvei that 
God IB determioed to raise up a righteous seed ami glorious branch, by re-establishing the 
Patriarchal Order, as in the days of Abraham, Jacob, David, Solomon and Elkanah. 
Neither will you marvel, while the Spirit of God is upon you, that men and even women 
should sneer at the sacred institution of mairiage being an institution wholly under the 
control of God, as it was in the days of Abraham. Why should you not marvel at their 
sneer ? Because we have been distinctly and emphatically forewarned that in the last days 
there shall arise scoffers, walking after their own hearts* lusts, who shall spe^k evil of dig* 
cities and things that tbey know not, having men's person's ia admiration because of 
gain. You would have more cause to marvel and disbelieve the Scriptures of truth, if 
eetisual men and women did not speak evil of the Patriarchal Order of marriage, and of 
men that conform to the pure sanction and penal restrictions of that most holy 
Order. 

Now there are several ways In which the pure and obedient get revelations. It will be 
your privilege in due time to become acquainted with these various ways. One way is, 
through the inspiration of the Spirit. The Spirit is given to every man to profit withal. 
All men have such a measure of the Holy Spirit as to enable them to m&ke a profitable use 
of the lis ht and opportunities that they have, and to obey the law under which they are 
placed. All the different methods of revelation are not probably given to all men now* 
God disptnseth His gifts severally as He will. The inspiration of the Almighty giveth 
understanding. Every various method of immediate revelation, however, always accords 
with the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. If an holy angel talk with a man, what the angel 
speaks accords wiih the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. If the Urim and Thummim is 
consulted, it accords with the teachings of the Holy Spirit. An open vision or a dream, 
each accords with the inspiration of the Holy Ghos^ Now one mark of a dream from 
God is, that U is distinguished for the clearness and simplicity of the impress that it makes 
upon the mind of him that dreams. A dream from the Lord being al«vays true in all its 
legitimate bearings, will be so disembarrassed from error and uncertainty to him that has 
the Spirit of truth in lively exercise, that he will know it perfectly in distinction from all 
false hallucinations or deceptions of the mind. Reader, take your Bible and read the Bible 
account of dreams. There you will see that dreams from the Lord, for any important end, 
are plainly distinguishable from all deceptive iiifluences. When .Jacob went toward Haraa 
and lay upon his stone pillow, and dreamed of seeing a ladder reaching up to heaven, &c« 
after he awoke he knew, beyond a doubt, that the dream was from God. Hence he says — 
" How terrible is this place," &o. When Laban wanted to cheat Jacob out of his just 
wages, the Lord appeareJ to Jacob in a night dream, and told him how to increase the 
number of bis cattle, so that he couid get the advantage of the cheating employer. Jacob 
understood the dream perfectly, and so managed as to have the best of the increas fall to 
his share. When Joseph told the simple dream of the sheaves, his brothers all understood 
it well. And when he told the dream of the sun, moon, and eleven stars bowing down to 
him, his father Jacob felt the force of the meaning, although he rebuked Joseph. When 
God gives a dieam to a wicked man, He makes him fully to understand it, unless he wishes 
to hide the meaning from him. Abimelech understood his two dreams from the Lord, 
concerning Sarah, Abraham's wife. The Lord gave Solomon wisdom, and riches, and 
dominion, in a dream, and yet Solomon knew the import of the dream, and that the Lord 
had appeared to him, in that dream. The Lord does not suffer wicked spirits to foul and 
blot and mar a dream, when He wants to communicate His mind and will in a dream. Foul 
spirits are rtbuked and commanded to depart when God wants to indite the truth upon any 
unci's mind. The angel of God guards the dreamer till a clear and distinct impression is 
made. And that impression is of an unmistakable character, it cannot be misunderstood, 
any more than the light of the sun can be mistaken for the darkness of midnight. An 
open vision is another method of revelation. David saw an angel of the Lord with a 
drawn sword, even the pestilence, standing between the heavens and the earth. The pro« 
phet having prayed that the eyes of his servant might be opened, showed him that the 
armies of heaven were more numerous than the host of his enemies. Another method of 
revelation is through the ministry of angels. An angel forewarned Lot to leave Sodom. 
Angels gave the Law to Moses upon Mount Sinai. An angel opened a great iron gate 
that liberated the Apostle Peter. Again, God reveals things by Urim and Thummim, and 
by burnt-offerings, and by divers tongues, &c. 

Now, reader, I entreat you Jto seek the aid of present revelations from God. You need 
them just as much as any poor creature ever did, that has been born into the world. With* 
out theoa jou never oaa know God, worlds without end. Don't flatter yourself that b«« 



72 

cause others know God or have formerly known Him, you are any better off on that ac- 
count, unless you know Him for yourself. 

Are you poor and oppressed ? Then you have the greatest need to receive revelations 
from God. There are very many poor people in these days and in these lands. Even in 
England, rich men oppress you, and many cheat you, and defraud you, and keep back your 
merited wages — ind you, who do the greatest part of the work that 's done in the land, can 
hardly get an honest living, while your masters roll in pomp, and fare sumptuously every 
day. I have seen you and your little sons and tender daughters hurrying off early in the 
morning to work for them, and returning late at night, poorly fed and poorly clothed often. 
And all that time you are making others rich, they are keeping you in poverty aid ig- 
norance. And your daughters are often insulted and sometimes seduced by masters, and 
you are threatened with the workhouse if you don't grind for the oppressor, and you have 
but little time to see your families, and bless them with comforts, and educate and train 
them up for usefulness and salvation. Now, if you knew how to take counsel from the 
God of heaven, as Jacob did, you would not have to submit always to such fraud and op- 
pression. But God would help you out of your many difficulties, and your enemies could 
not help themselves. God has seen your afflictions, and has sent forth His servants to all 
nations, to preach deliverance, for the acceptable year of the Lord has now come. 

And ye rich men, the voice is to you. Gather up the poor and bless them, and your 
riches shall not waste, but increase your fold, and great shall be your reward in heaven. 
But blessed are the poor who shall obtain the gifts of revelation for themselves, for they 
shall rejoice greatly in the Holy One of Israel. For not many rich, not many noble, will 
be humble enough to seek revelations fron. God. But beware of the counsel of any priests 
or ministers who are hired and paid for preaching. God never hired any man to preach, 
for wages. Therefore beware of all such, lest they deceive you. Go not after them, neither 
listen to them for a moment, for they are confederate with rich men and oppressors, and 
they are despisers of present revelation, and consequently they neither know God them- 
selves, nor are they willing that others should know Him. And vengeance will shortly 
overtake all that know not God, and obey not the Gospel, 



(Extracts from the "Star.") 

Notice Elder Thomas W. Treat, late from Great Salt Lake Valley, and who has 

been labouring in the Manchester Conference, has been excommunicated from the Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, for his whoredoms and abominations. We under- 
stand that he sailed on tho 29th June, for New York, on board the Jersey, on his way 
to the mountains. There is a sin which is unto death, and the person who commits 
that sin has no claim even upon the prayers of the Saints, or in the language of the 
Apostle, " I do not say that ye shall pray for it." How awfiil must be the condition 
of that man who has no claim upon the prayers or faith of the people of God, no claim 
upon the protection of God, or of His holy angels ! Let all persons who bear the holy 
Priesthood, take warning from the" fate of the fallen, and never suffer themselves to 
trample with impunity upon the Covenants and obligations of the Priesthood, for God 
will surely be avenged of such wrong. "Men who will use their influence and power in the 
Priesthood, to ruin and destroy those who have reposed confidence in them, justly merit 
the wrath of God, and the indignation of a virtuous people ; and if they retreat to the 
abode of the Saints in Zion, that indignation will burn towards them to the uttermost. 
Let none suppose for a moment that they can find succour there for sinful indulgences, 
for they will find the severity of the law meted out to them as a just recompense of re- 
ward. That man or woman that will work iniquity shall perish from among the people. 
Oh ! why will men thus sell themselves, and their salvation, for a shameful deed they 
have power to avoid ? Oh ! why will women so degrade themselves as to yield to the 
persuasions of men who must welter under the torment of Hell, for the exercise of their 
uncontrolled passions ! How often must it be sounded in your ears, that all such con- 
nexion outside the marriage covenant, dooms the guilty to irretrievable ruin, and that 
those who thus sin must die ? 

Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Published by A. Famliam, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

Cfiurci) ot Sefiftis! €l)vi^t of llatte^23ai> faints!, 

IN SYDNEY. 



HE THAT READETH LET HIM UNDERSTAND. 



Nos. 10-11. SATURDAY, MARCH 4, 1854. Vol I. 



Sydney, New Sotith Wales, February 15th, 1854. 

Beloved President Farnham, 

As I have been appointed to the charge of the present emi- 
grating company, and as the time for our departure draws nigh, and 
my voice will soon cease to be heard in this Colony bearing record to 
the truth of the gi'eat work of the last days, I have concluded, in 
case it meet with your approbation, to -leave a few lines in the 
columns of your faithful " Watchman," hoping they may be of some 
little worth to the Saints who may remain upon this land, and also 
to many who have not yet known the truth. To the Saints I would 
say, beloved Brethren and Sisters, the gospel which you have em- 
braced, and in which you are now rejoicing, is that which if rightly 
understood, and your lives are ordered according to its requirements, 
will save and exalt you eternally in the heavens with the prophets 
and patriarchs of old, and also with those who have lived and are 
stiil living upon the earth in your day. This you believe or you 
would not have embraced it ; you have also learnt that it is necessary 
fdr all Saints to live by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth 
of God. The great work of the ^' dispensation of the fulness of 
times " is not to be trifled with, it requires on our part an exertion of 
no small moment. The poor and the meek are to hear the gospel, 
and be gathered from the four quarters of the earth. Zion is to be 
built up and made beautiful. Temples are to be reared, and all 
things made ready for the coming of our Lord, for " w^hen the Lord 
shall build up Zion, He shall appear in His glory." We have many 
ordinances to attend to w^hich pertain to our own salvation, and also 
to the salvation of our dead, which we cannot attend to in our scat- 
tered condition. The God of our fathers has sought from the begin- 
ning to have his people by themselves, separated from the wicked, 
and by themselves He will have them, as the scriptures abundantly 
testify. And as Saints of the most High, and as individuals, let us 



74 

search our ovva hearts, and see that all is riglit within our own 
breasts, ^ict us cor; Jder that the gospel which we have embraced 
is a living principle, and having considered this, let us ask ourselves 
if we are living iii Sirict conformity to that council which is given to 
as from time to lime ; or are we giving strict heed to the council of 
those whom God in his wisdom has appointed to watch over and ad- 
vise us. Again is all right within our own dwellings — is all peace 
and quietness between husbands and wives, and between parents and 
children. Have our persons, our houses and our all been dedicated 
to the Lord : are we strict to remember our prayers both morning 
and evening; or as Saints, as branches, or as a people upon this land, 
are we strictly united among ourselves *, are there no divisions, no 
strife, no evil speaking nor contentions amongst us ; do we continu- 
ally uphold by obedience those placed over us whose instructions 
have made our hearts to rejoice, if so, brethren, you are a blessed 
people ; and by thus continuing you will be blessed when you lay 
down and when you rise up, when you go out and when you come in, 
yes, all things will prosper in your hands, and no good will be with- 
held from you ; and altho' the wicked may wrest from you fer a time 
you will have restored to you again four fold ; and brethren and saints, 
as you esteem me your friend, and as yon love this cause, let me ex- 
hort you to, continue by your united faith, and by every reasonable 
exertion, and eveiy faculty of your souls, to sustain and uphold the 
man who has the watch care over you ; I refer to our beloved Presi- 
dent Farnham ; you have beheld with me his untiring zeal for the 
cause of truth, and have witnessed his ceaseless exertions to build up 
and make honorable tlie cause of God upon this land. Brethren, 
nerve yourselves up to the work, and assist all in your power to bear 
the burthen, and God will bless you. In as much as you sustain that 
man you sustain and honor those who have sent him, and you also 
honor that God who has ordained that man being clothed upon 
with the authority of the Holy Priesthood, shall labor for the salvation 
of his fellow man here upon this earth. Brethren, I write not thus 
because you have not been properly instructed in these things, biit 
rather, if possible, that 1 may stimulate you to a renewal of your 
exertions to assist in rolling forth the great work which has com- 
menced and is taking deep root upon this land. The Saints in Aus- 
tralia have constantly set before them almost every inducement to 
sin ; but, brethren, shun the evil as you would the fire, as you regard 
the salvation of your souls touch not, taste not, handle not that whldi 
will bring remorse or cause the spirit of God to withdraw, but be 
certain that you keep His spirit in your bosoms, that you may become 
mighty in the work of the Lord. To those from whom the hand of 
fellov/ship has been witlidrawn, I would say forsake your sins without 
delay, and return and do your first work, renew your covenants before 
the I^ord, and when you have renewed them keep them. 

To those wlio h^vc not a?^ yof receivod the ?:;-ospe1, mto whoso hmif]*^ 



this may cliance to fall, allow me the privilwg'e of saying to you thai 
the Elders of the Clmrch of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints are 
not your common enemies as you may perchance have supposed; 
we have not left our peaceful homes to travel to the remotest parts of 
the earth, and face the frowns and calumny of a wicked unbelieving 
world, out of any other than the purest of motives. No, kind sirs, 
God has sent us to you with a message of eternal truth, and altho you, 
together with all your neighbours, close your doors against us, the 
message will be nevertheless true and binding upon you. That 
being who once came to this earth and offered u]) liis life to redeem 
man from the effects of the fall, and opened up a way by wliich he 
may be brought back into the presente of his Creator, lias ordained 
and decreed that you and I shall obey His word, in order that v^e may 
be redeemed from our actual transgressions, and have claim to a part 
in the first resurrection, or a right to the tree of life, and eiiter in 
through the gate into the city, to dwell eternally vvith the Saints, or 
Church of the firstborn. The things necessary to be complied with 
on our part are, 1st., that vve believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, the 
fruits of a correct faith being obedience : 2nd., that we repent of and 
forsake our sins : 3rd,, that VvC be baptised, that is buried in the 
water by some one having authority from God', for the remission of 
our sins, and 4th. receive the laying on of hands for the gift of the 
Holy Ghost. See Luke 24, 47; Acts 2, 38 ; Jolni 3, 5 ; I\iark 16, IG, 
20 ; sec also Acts 8, 17, Do. 19, 6 ; Heb. 6, 2 ; Gal. 1, 8. And I now, 
to close these few lines, bear my testimony to all into whose hands 
this may come, that God the Eternal Father has set to His hand for 
the last time to prune the earth, and that He has revealed a message 
of His vv^ill to man, even the fulness of the everlasting Gospel, by (he 
administration of an Holy Angel ; vrhieh gospel is for a witness unto 
all people that the end, or the hour of (iod's judgment is at hand, see 
Rev. 14 ch. 7 v. And all men, wiilioiit one exception, are called upon 
to repent of all their former transgressions and dead forms, and cb(3}' 
the Gospel, and flee out from the midst of the wicked, as the Proj)liet 
has said, " come oat of her my people, that ye be not partakers of her 
sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.'' 

And I novv^ bid you farewell, hoping that you vv^ill be wise, and 
search the scriptures v>^itli a prayerful heart, and seek unto the Lord 
with uprightness of soul, which if you will do, with a fixed determi- 
nation to do His w ill when you have learned it, you shall knovv that 
the record which I have borne is true. 

With sentiments of esteem and kind regard, 
Permit me to subscribe myself, 

Your ever faithful Friend and Servant, 
lu the cauLC of trull!, 

WILLIAM HYDE. 



76 

A REPLY TO THE " CHRISTIAN HERALD " ON THE PLU- 
RALITY OF WIVES. 

(Continued from page 67.) 

They not only receive no vissions, but actually condemn the servant 
and church of the Most High, that is founded on the New Revela- 
tion, not receiving revelation themselves nor giving heed to that 
which is given to others, in their day, their minds are filled with 
" Gross Darkness," so that they are blind leaders of the blind, and 
such as depend upon them will fall into the ditch with them. 

We have now shown from evidence that cannot be gainsayed by the 
scriptures of divine tiuth, that resurrected Abraham is a polygamist, 
having his two wives Sarah andKeturah. The secterian who can admit 
liim, to possess two, will be unable to show any reason why he should 
not have Hagar and his concubines also. The same law which gives 
Abraham his wives in the resurrection will give Jacob and others 
theirs also. 

From the foregoing remarks it will be quite plain that the righteous 
in the resuirection will be entitled to all the wives that have been 
given to them by the Lord in this life. Now the Bible believer will 
be able to see, by a reference to the case of Abi'aham with his two 
wives, Sarah and Keturali, that it is possible for a man to have only 
one wife at a time, and yet be entitled to two or more in the resur- 
rection. ^'Will not the Judge of all the earth do right." 

Wc might now refer to the sentence of " the twain shall be one 
ilesh," and show how Abraham vvas as much one flesh with Keturah 
as he was with Sarah : and how Jacob was as much one flesh with 
Leah, Biluh and Zilpah, as he was with Rachael, but this does not 
at present so much belong to our subject as the fact whether the 
Bible, Old and New Testament, warrants a person to have more 
wives than one, but a very favourable opportunity will occur of doing 
this when we come to examine the sophistical article of the "Christian 
Herald " headed " Law of Marriage." The "Christian Herald" next 
says that — 

From the propagation of Cliristianity to the present time polygamy, fornication, 
and adultry have becH discouraged by the members o%the Cliristian Church in every 
part of the world ; and wherever the" law of Christ is obeyed, domestic peace and 
happiness exist : children are to love and serve God, and society enjoj^s the blessing 
of temperance and chastity.' 

The law of Clirist referred to by the " Christian Herald " must 
doubtless be the Law ot Marriage,'^for it is of this he is writing, not 
ouJy so but " domestic compact " is the first order of all social or- 
ganization, and must even antecede all cival government, and con- 
Tribute much to the genius and character of the same. It is the basis 
upon which every superstructure of society must be reared. If the 
intercourse of the sexes is not regulated in wisdom aiid purity the 
rcjuli will be that every conoef|ucnt k'anch of society will be viciated 



77 



thereby. If the tree is good the fruit will be also good. A pure 
fountain will not send forth hitter streams. A fig tree will not bear 
thistles. Our dispute with the " Christian Herald " is not as to the 
fruits of the law of Christ, but whether Monogamy/zAe one wife s}js- 
terii) or plurality under the sanction and guidance of God, is that law. 

If modern Christendom in any given section thereof, or in its more 
general, yet much more complex, iron and clay mixed feature, be 
The Church of Christ, it will possess and practice the LAW of 
Christ. And its fruits will be manifest, fornication and adultry will 
be punished by riot king less than death : domestic peace and happi- 
ness will exist— children will, yea they must love and serve God. 
Su€h a society will enjoy the blessijig of temperance and CHASTI- 
TY. 

Now we are ready to admit that wherever the above named fruits 
exist there the law of Christ is practiced. If they are found in con- 
nexion with the one wife system we will admit that Christendom is 
right, but if we should prove it to be entirely destitute of the fruits it 
will also prove that they have not the law of Christ. 

A distinguished author writes, "What is more amiable and plea- 
sant than those pure, innocent, endearing affection, which God has 
placed in the hearts of the man and woman, who are united together 
in lawful matrimony? With a love and confidence pure as the 
love of God, because it springs from him and is his gift, with bodies 
chaste and virtuous and an off-spring, lovely, healthy, innocent and un- 
contaminated ; confiding in each other, they live together in the fear 
of God, enjoying nature's gifts uncorrupted and undefiled as the driven 
snow, or the crystal stream. 

Chasity and purity are things of the greatest importance to the 
world. 

The legislators of all civilized nations have seen the necessity of 
sustaining these things, and consequently have passed, generall)' 
very rigid laws for the protection of female virtue, and the support of 
the marriage contract. Hence Acts have been passed and enforced, 
disinheriting those who were not born in wedlock. This in some in- 
stances has produced a salutary effect. Ministers of the various 
churches have used their influence, in a great measure, in support of 
virtuous principles. These have had their effect in assisting to 
stem the torrent of iniquity. But as the nations themselves have 
forsaken God, how can they expect to stop this crying evil ; for the 
very legislators who pass these laws are in many instances guilty 
themselves ; and when kings, princes, and rulers corrupt themselves, 
how can they expect the people to be pure ; for no matter how rigid 
the law may be, corrupt persons will always find means to evade it. 
And indeed, so far have these abominations gone, that it seems to be 
an admitted fact, that these things cannot be controlled ; and although 
there are laws relative to matrimonial alliances, yet there are some 



78 

iiiition?'} called Chrlothmo who actually give license to prostitution, 
and all tlie degradation and misery associated with it. Nor arc 
tliesc things connected with the lower ranks of life only ; wantonness 
and voluptuousness go hand in hand, and revel unchecked in courts, 
among the nohles and kings of the earth. The statesman, the poli- 
tician, and the merchant, the mechanic and the laborer have all cor- 
rupted themselves. The world is full of adultry, intrigues, fornica- 
tion, and ahominations. Let any one go to the masked ball in the 
prliicipal theatres in Paris, and he will see thousands of people of 
both sexes, impudently, shamelessly, and unblushingly, manifesting* 
their lowed dispositions. Indeed, debauch and wantonness bear full 
sway, not to speak of the dens of abominations that exist elsewhere. 
London abounds with unfortunate beings, led on by example, se- 
duction, and misery, to their fallen, degraded condition.^" The same 
thing exists throughout England, France, the United States, and all 
liaiions. Hence millions of youth corrupt themselves, engender the 
most loathsome disease, and curse their posterity with their sin, who 
in their turn, rise up and tread in the corrupt steps of their fathers. 
Not to say anytliing of the thousands of lovely beings whom God de- 
signed for the companion of man in time and in eternity, and for 
raishig a pure ofT-spring who are corrupted, degraded, pointed, fallen, 
poor miserable v/rctches ; outcasts of society, insulted, oppresed, dis- 
}>ised and abused, dragging out a miserable existence ; led on from 
one degree of degradation to another, till death., as a friend closes 
their wretched career, and yet without hope. Thus, man that was 
made pure, in the image of his maker, that could stand proudly erect 
as the representative of God, pure and uncontaminated, is debased, 
fallen, corrupted, diseased, and sunk below the brute creation, a crea- 
ture of lust and passion, and a slave to unbridled appetites. — 
Taylor's Government of God. 

Such as are not willing to receive tlic testimony of the above author, 
because he is an Apostle of iliQ Lord, standing on the earth In these 
days ; can refer to the statistics of the dift€rent nations, with the re- 
ports of the various enquiries and commissions that have been instituted 
rehitive to the social and moral condition of mankind : if this should 
prove to aidious an undertaking, they can look in the newspaper re- 
ports, from wliich they will learn that fornication, adultery, and in-= 
temperance in all their heniously degrading aspects, with a shameless, 
boldness, stalk forth at the meridian of day. 

This social organization is the stream which flows from the first 
order, domestic compacts, or the laws regulating the intercourse of 
the sexes. As the stream is corrupt, the fountain must be corrupt, 
also. The fruit being bad the tree that bears it must be bad 
also. So that according to the rule laid down by the " Christian 
Herald," Christendom has not got the Law of Christ, for it not 
only, does not possess the fruits thereof, but actually bears fruit 

* In Loudon alone it is 'said, there arc 80,000 of these degraded women. 



79 

as opposite thereto as darkness is to light. Pciiiaps the reader 
may be ready to inquire, if monogamy be not the law of Chririst ; 
how has it become incorporated with the christian system, and handed 
down from age to age, until it has reached our day with all the weight 
and authority that antiquity can impart. 

Our answer is that in the early Christian Church, wicked and de- 
signing men crept in unawares, who turned the grace of God into 
lasciviousness, incorporating with the religion of Jesus, the rites 
and ceremonies of heathenism, this induced the great and influential 
to identify themselves with it, who again lent their influence in mould- 
ing it to the social feeling and condition of the nation or empire, with 
which it became more immediately identified. That nation or empire 
was Rome, wherein was concentrated power and authority over the 
christian world, so that if she changed the marriage laws of Christ, to 
suit the social feeling and condition of that people, that changed law 
would be binding on all that were subject to her authority ; process of 
time would give it an apparent identification with the system, and con- 
tinued from age to age, it would possess an apparent weight and au- 
thority, that could not be resisted otherwise than by a direct revelation 
from heaven. 

That she has changed the ordinance of baptism, she tacitly admits, 
and that she has changed the law regulating the condition of the 
priests, is proclaimed by all Protestants, not to mention other innova- 
tions and changes that she has made. Now if it is right to receive her 
own testimony, and that of history in relation to these matters, it 
is not right to reject the like testimony in relation to any change that 
may have been made in the laws of marriage. 

We have sufficiently proved from the scriptures, that the marriage 
law of Christ recognized a plurality of wives : this itself should be es- 
teemed sufficient evidence, that, that law has been changed, yet we 
feel to add one testilnony more from history, that Christendom and 
especially the protestant portion thereof, may know from whence 
sprung their one wife system with all its evils. 

"Monogamy, or single marriage, (that is marriage to one wife at 
once,) is an old Roman practice, adopted by the Roman church, and 
thus introduced unto Christendom. 

No Roman was allowed to have two wives at once, but was liable 
to be punished for bigamy. Marc Anthony was the first Roman who 
had two wives ; Julius Caisar attempted to have a law passed in 
favour of polygamy, but could not effect it. 

~ The early christians so naturally adopted this habit of Roman re- 
spectability, that we are apt to ascribe the monogamy of the western 
world to Christianity ; but this is a mistake. There is no evidence of 
it either in scripture or history. 

Nay, it is a well known fact that concubinage was sanctioned by 
the early church, — See Binnham's Antiquities, Book xvi, c. 



We shall now proceed to show that the fruits of the Law of Christ 
are to be found among the Saints, w^ho receive and practice a plurali- 
ty of wives, under the counsel and direction of the Lord, just as the 
ancient saints did. 

And in the first place we would remind the reader, that the saints 
are the only people who receive and practice the Law of the Lord; 
in relation to fornication and -adultery, which is nothing less than 
death. Thus do the saints put away iniquity. 

We shall now introduce witnesses to testify of the social and moral 
conditions of the saints. As these witnesses are not Mormons, they 
cannot be considered partial. The first evidence we shall introduce 
is that of a Methodist Preacher of the name of Prior, who visited Nau- 
voo, in 1843, he writes, "I sought in vain for anything that boje the 
marks of immorality, but was both astonished and pleased at my ill 
success. I could see no loungers about the streets, nor any drunkards 
about the taverns. I did not meet with those distorted features of 
ruffians, or with the ill-bred and impudent. I heard not an oath in 
the place, I saw not a gloomy countenance ; all were cheerful, polite, 
and industrious." — Illustrated History of the Mormons, page 120. 

An Englishman thus writes, "Peace and harmony reigns in this 
city. The drunkard is scarcely ever seen, as in other cities, neither 
does th,e awful imprecation or profane oath strike upon your ear ; 
but while all is storm and tempest, and confusion abroad respecting 
the Mormons all is peace and harmony within." — Ibid 123. 

Colonel Cane writes, "But in the hours after hours that I watched 
this sport, (the driving of the cattle across the river during a freshet,) 
at the ferry side, I never heard an oath, or the language of a quarrel, 
or knew it provoke the least sign of ill feeling." — Ibid 207. 

A correspondent of the "New York Tribune," writing from the 
Great Salt Lake City, states, "In their religion, (the Mormons,) they 
seem charitable, devoted, and sincere ; in their politics, bold, daring 
and determined ; in their domestic circle, quiet, affectionate and happy. 

We would also request the reader to refer to Stansbury's report, as 
published in the first number of the Watchman, also to Judge Reid's 
report published in the last issue ; in these reports they will find the 
proceeding testimony fully corroborated. 

If a tree is to be judged by its fruits, the Saints must have the 
Law of Christ. If the purity of the stream is an evidence that the 
foimtain is also pure ; then the social and moral condition of the 
Saints is an evidence that their laws, regulating the intercourse of the 
sexes are pure, and being pure, they must be from God. 

The "Christian Herald" states in reference to the necessity for a 
plurality of wives, for the purpose of attaining unto the blessings 
of Abraham, " that a plurality of wives must necessarily prevent the 
increase of population. How hard it is for the learned of this world to 



81 

appreciate the laws and ordinances of the Lord. Angels cannot 
minister to men openly, the Apostleship cannot be perpetuated, Batpism 
cannot remit sins, the Holy Ghost cannot be given by the laying on 
of hands ; and although the Lord has most positively declared, that 
" seven women shall take hold of one man, saying, we will eat our 
own bread, and wear our own apparel : only let us be called by thy 
name, to take away our reproach : and also that in the day that this 
shall take place, "the brance of the Lord shall be glorious." (Isaiah 4.) 
That which will make the branch of the Lord glorious, will be the ade- 
quacy of the laws and ordinances, for attaining the end proposed, viz. 
the populating the earth with a Godly seed. Why do these men who 
are constantly crying, the Bible, the Bible, the only rule of faith, 
reject that which the Bible as plainly declares, as it is possible to be 
declared. 

' How evident it is, to the real bible believer, that God's ways are 
not man's ways, nor his thoughts man's thoughts. 

Are the learned of this world ignorant of the fact, that for man to 
usurp the blessings, and privileges of the children of God, only brings 
upon him the greater condemnation. 

Now as children are gracious gifts from God ; women through whom 
children are obtained, must also be the gift of God. This being the 
case, none have a right to women save such aa are approved of by the 
Lord. 

We will conclude this article with the following extract from the 
"Seer." 

The object of marriage, as has been abundantly proved, is to multiply 
the human species, and instruct them in every principle of righteousness, 
that they may become like God, and be one with Him, and inherit all the 
fulness of his glory. This being the real object of marriage, a question' 
naturally arises, have the wicked the sam.e right to the blessings of a nu- 
merous posterity, under this divine institution, as the righteous ? We an- 
swer, that they have not. And we shall now proceed to show from the 
Scriptures that the Lord has made a great distinction in regard to this 
thing between the wicked and the righteous. 

First, We have no example of the wicked ever being married by Divine 
authority. Where have we an instance of this kind ? We have abundance 
of instances where the wicked have been married ; but were these mar- 
riages by divine appointment ? Were they joined together of God ? Were 
the ministers who officiated directed by revelation to join them together as 
one flesh ? We have no instance of the kind in the Divine oracles. It is 
true, the Scriptures tolerate such a practice, the same as God has tolerated 
the illegal marriages during the last seventeen centuries, and the same as 
He tolerated the law of divorce among the Israelites, because of the hard- 
ness of their hearts. He has suffered .the wicked to marry, according to 
human laws and human authority, in order that mankind might not become 
extinct, the same as he suffered the children of Jacob to sell their younger 
brother to the Ishmaelites, in order that they might not become extinct by 



82 

tlie famine. Tlierc are many things tliat God pennits because of the hard- 
ness of the hearts of mankind, that they will be condemned for in the day 
of judgment. Joseph's brethren were condemned for their acts, but God 
caused good to result therefrom ; this, however, did not clear them from 
their guilt. So it is in regard to those who have ventured to marry with- 
out divine authority : God will cause good to result from the same in the 
preservation of the human species upon the earth, but the nations of the 
wicked who have thus violated that divine institution will be cast into hell, 
and will lose the blessings and privileges of the righteous who have married 
by divine authority. Therefore, the fact that God does not join the wicked 
in marriage is an evidence that they have not the same privileges as the 
righteous in this holy matrimonial ordinance. 

Secondly, Why does not God ajDprobate the marriages of the wicked 
equally with the righteous ? Because by their wickedness they not only 
bring damnation upon themselves, but upon their children also. The chil- 
dren, seeing the wicked practices of their parents, would be very likely to- 
follow their evil footsteps. We see this most abundantly exemplified, not 
only in wicked families, but among wicked nations. The nations who 
formerly inhabited the land of Canaan were unworthy of the ordinance of 
marriage or of posterity, because their children beheld the wicked examples 
of their parents, and became worse and worse, until their iniquity was full, 
when the Lord, in order to put a stop to their unlawful marriages, and the 
multiplication of evil doers, was compelled to destroy husbands, and wives, 
and children, to the number of many millions. Hear what the Lord said 
to the children of Israel concerning them — " But of the cities of these 
people, which the Lord thy God doth give thee for an inheritance, thou 
shalt save alive nothing that breatheth, but thou shalt utterly destroy them ; 
namely, the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, 
the Hivites, and the Jebusites, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee ; 
that they teach you not to do after all their abominations which they have 
done unto their gods ; so should ye sin against the Lord your God." (Deut. 
XX. 16, 17, 18.) When Abram first came into that land, the Lord told 
him that theii: iniquity was "not yet full." (Gen. xv.) But some four or 
five centuries after this, through the evil practices of their fathers, the chil- 
dren had become fully ripened in sin, and had filled up the measure of 
their cup. And to prevent the earth from being overrun with this evil 
race, and corrupting Israel with their abominable practices, it was necessary 
to utterly destroy every soul that breathed. Instead of the Lord's consi- 
dering these nations fit to marry. He did not consider them worthy to live, 
or their children either. Therefore He destroyed them, and gave the land 
to his people, and promised them, on condition of righteousness, that He 
would greatly bless their land, and increase their flocks and herds, and their 
riches and substance. Moses said unto them, " The Lord shall make thee 
plenteous in goods, in the fruit of thy body, and in the fruit of thy cattle, 
and in the fruit of thy ground, in the land which the Lord sware unto thy 
fathers to give thee." (Deut. xxviii. 11.) 

Israel, then, because of righteousness, was considered worthy to be 
blessed with an increase of children, to be multiplied exceedingly, and be- 
come as the sands upon the sea shore innumerable ; but they were consi- 
dered worthy of this blessing only on conditions of righteousness ; for, if 



83 

they turned away from the Lord, they would be no Letter qualified to save 
then- children than other nations. Should they forsake righteousness, Moses 
said that they also should be visited with every kin\l of plague and curse; . 
and among other calamities he says, — " Ye shall be left few in number, 
whereas ye were as the stars of heaven for multitude. . . And it shall 
come to pass, that as the Lord rejoiced over you to do you good, and to 
multiply you, so the Lord will rejoice over you to destroy you, and to bring 
you to nought." (Deut. xxviii. 62, 63.) Here, then, we see that it is a 
cause of rejoicing with the Lord to multiply the righteous, and to diminish 
the wicked. Multiplication, therefore, was originally only "designed for the 
righteous ; but the wicked have presumed to take this blessing to tliem- 
selves, and have thus been the instruments of bringing hundreds of millions 
into the world which God is obliged from time to time to cut off and send 
to hell, in order that the world may not be brought wholly under their 
dominion, and the curse devour the whole earth, as in the days of Noah. 

The angels who kept not their first estate are not permitted to multiply. 
Why ? Because of their wickedness. If granted this privilege, they would 
teach their offspring the same wicked, malicious principles by which they 
themselves are governed. They would teach them to fight against God, and 
against everything else that was good, and great, and glorious. This would 
not only make their offspring miserable, but it would greatly enlarge the 
dominions of darkness ; and to prevent all these great calamities and evils, 
God has wisely ordained to withhold marriage and increase of posterity en- 
tirely from them. 

God is angry and displeased with wicked men and nations, as well as 
with the fallen angels ; and, though he suffers them to marry and to mul- 
tiply, yet He will bring them to judgment for these things, and will punish 
them for bringing posterity in all their corruption and wickedness. He will 
punish them with a double punishment, not only for their own evil deeds, 
but because they have taught their children the same. Their children must 
suffer as well as they, because their parents ventured to marry in un- 
righteousness. They and their children in all their fenerations are pre- 
paring themselves for the society of the fallen angels ; and with them they 
will dwell, and, like them, they will *be placed in a condition where they 
can no more be permitted to multiply. Having once married in unrighteous- 
ness, and brought eternal ruin and misery upon their seed, the Lord will no 
lonjjer suffer them to enlarge their dominions of wickedness, and entail un- 
happiness and wretchedness upon immortal souls. They have forfeited all 
right to wives or the law of increase, by their abuses of these things here in 
this life. 

When Noah and his sons were building the ark, all the nations of the 
earth were marrying and giving in marriage ; but their marriages were all 
illegal, and they only multiplied their posterity to be cut off and to perish 
out of the earth. God did not sanction their marriages, neither was He 
pleased with them or their children. Noah and his sons were the only 
persons worthy of wives or children ; they alone had a divine right to 
marry ; and they alone had any legal claim on the Lord in behalf of their 
children. The most of the people in the days of the patriarchs had turned 
away from the true God to the worship of idols ; consequently, the marriages 
of all suQh were unauthorized, and their illegitimate children were multiplied 



Upon the earth, to curse the earth with the idolatry of their fathers. David 
says that " the wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that 
forget God." Can we, then, for one moment suppose that God is pleased 
with the multiplication of the wicked ? Does it please God to have the 
wicked marry, when, in so doing, thej must only multiply the number who 
must be cast into hell ? Far be it from us to impute such wickedness to 
God. That which God requires of the wicked, in the first place, is to re- 
pent and become righteous, and then to marry and multiply a righteous 
posterity upon the earth ; and if they will not do this, it would be far more 
tolerable for them in the day of judgment if they would remain unmarried, 
for then they alone would suffer ; but to be the instruments of bringing- 
their own children to eternal ruin will greatly add to their torments. "VVTio 
can, then, for one moment believe that the wicked have equal privileges 
with the righteous in the divine institution of marriage ? Who can, with 
the Word of God before them, believe the wicked ought to multiply upon 
the earth, and raise up candidates for the devil's kingdom ? No person can 
believe this who believes the Bible. 

Hear what the prophet Isaiah says concerning the children of the 
wicked : he declares — " The seed of evildoers shall never be renowned. 
Prepare slaughter for his children, for the iniquity of their fathers ; that 
they do not rise, nor possess the land, nor fill the face of the world with 
cities." (Isa. xiv. 20, 21.) Now, would it not be far better for them not 
to marry, than to be the means of bringing both temporal and eternal judg- 
ments upon their children ? God is certainly not pleased with their increase, 
or else He would not prepare slaughter for their children to prevent them 
from filling the world with cities ; if He were pleased with their increase, 
the more cities they filled the better. 

The Psalmist, in speaking of both the righteous and the wicked, says — 
" Such as be blessed of Him shall inherit the earth ; and they that be 
cursed of Him shall be cut off." And again he says — " He (the righteous) 
is ever merciful and lendeth, and his seed is blessed. Depart from evil 
and do good, and dwell for evermore. For the Lord loveth judgment, and 
forsaketh not his saints ; they are preserved for ever, but the seed of the 
wicked shall be cut off. The righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell 
therein for ever." (Ps. xxxvii.) Thus we can see what the design of the 
Lord is in regard to the seed of the wicked — they are to utterly perish out 
of the earth. Not so with the righteous : God has promised that they shall 
not only inherit the earth in this .life, but they shall " dwell therein for 
ever." 

In a former part of this Treatise it was shown that adulterers forfeited 
their lives in ancient times. The reason was, because they were not consi- 
dered worthy of wives or children to perpetuate their names among the 
righteous ; and, being unworthy of these blessings, they were unworthy of 
life : hence they were commanded to be destroyed, that they might not 
transfer their wicked examples to a rising generation. And God was so 
displeased with adulterers, that he prohibited their posterity from the en- 
joyment of the blessings of his people. Hence it is said, " A bastard 
shall not enter into the congregation of the Lord : even to his tenth 
generation shall he not enter into the congregation of the Lord." (Deut. 
xxiii. 2.) 



B6 , 

The Jews, as a nation, were adulterers when Christianity was introduced 
among them. Jesus calls them an " adulterous generalrion." Consequently 
they had forfeited all right and title to raise up seed unto Abraham. They 
pretended to be Abraham's seed, but they had forfeited that title by their 
wickedness and adulteries. Therefore " .Tesus saith unto them, if ye were 
Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham. . . Ye are 
of your father, the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do." (John 
viii. 33, 39, 44.) Being children of the devil, they had forfeited all right 
to the divine institution of mamage. Instead of its being pleasing to God 
for them to pretend to be Abraham's children, and to multiply and spread 
forth their posterity, Jesus said unto them, " Daughters of Jerusalem, weep 
not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. For behold, 
the days are coming in the which they shall say. Blessed are the barren, 
and the wombs that never bare, and the paps that never gave suck. Then 
shall they begin to say to the mountains, fall on us ; and to the hills, cover 
us." (Luke xxiii. 28, 29, 30.) They had forfeited the blessings of wives 
and children, and even of life itself, because they were an " adulterous ge- 
neration," and full of all manner of wickedness. God would sooner of 
the very " stones raise up children unto Abraham," than have such wicked 
characters undertake to marry and multiply. Who, then, cannot perceive 
that God makes a very great distinction between the wicked and the 
righteous in regard to mamage and the multiplication of the human species ? 
Those blessings were originally intended for the righteous, and for the 
righteous only ; but the wicked have stepped forward to their own con- 
demnation, and claimed the privileges of the righteous, bringing temporal 
and eternal judgments upon their generations. Hence, that which is a 
blessing to the righteous will prove a cursing to the wicked. The ark of 
God, while it remained among the righteous, brought blessings, and glory, 
and honour, and great joy ; but when it was taken by the Philistines, who 
had no business with it, it brought cursing, and plague, and desolation, and 
death upon their numerous hosts. So will God punish the wicked for 
daring to claim a divine institution, which was only intended for the 
righteous. S. Ed. 



GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. 



The time is close at hand when another company of saints will 
leave this land, in the fine new barque Julia Ann/Captain Davis. 
Mr. Bond, of California, ow^ner of the vessel, will accompany them. 
They will sail from Newcastle, bound for San Pedro, The com- 
pany is under the charge of Elder William Hyde, who during the 
past year has laboured faithfully, diligently, and perseveringly, in 
the Hunter River district. His labours have been blessed ; many 
have obeyed the Gospel, and are gathering with him. 



S6 

lie goes hence ^rith the full coufidcncc and approbation of all 
true saints ; and we feel to assure liim that their prayers will con- 
stantly ascend to our Father in Heaven for his protection and 
guidance over sea and land, and that he may return safe to the bo- 
som of his family and friends in Zion. 

The company is from the Hunter River district. They 
consists mostly of farmers and thtir families. They are of respect- 
able connexions, possessing firm, good, and obedient spirits. They 
number 03 souls. 

To all the faithful saints who remain we say, Brethren, as much 
as you can, pre})are to follow in the next company, which will start 
about twelve months hence. 

Brethren and sisters, our first duty is to obey the Gospel ; then 
to gather with the saints to the land which, by the counsels of eter- 
nity and the power of the Holy Priesthood, has been dedicated 
for the upbuilding of the Idngdom of God in the last days, on which 
Zion on ihe sides of the north is to be erected, from whence will 
proceed the law of the Lord, by which law the saints will have to 
regulate their lives, in order to attain unto their blessings and 
]nivileges. On Zion the glory of the Lord shall rest. His 

Spirit shall make her sons mighty. Within her ])recincts shall be 
safety; and those who will not flee to Zion will have to take up 
sword against their brother. It is ex2)ressly written that in Zion 
shall be deliverance. 

We are determined to the utmost of our power to push the saints 
{<) Zion. Our counsel to one and all is to flee to the home of the saints 
before the destroyer is let loose upon this land, for there is a day of 
fVi'kness, distress, and perplexity awaiting this peoj)le. Our prayer 
is, that the Lord may stay his hand until the honest in heart are 
gathered out. 

We would particularly request the attention of tlie saints and tht? 
public to Elder Wm. Hyde's farewell address. — Ed. 



Tjie Hue-and-Cry; or, where are the False Pkophetsand Ly- 
ing Spirits that are Deceiving the Nations. 
It is astonishing how the mass of mankind, ciidowcd with power and 
capacity to think and act for themselves, are dependant upon others- 
for the formation of their opinions and the direction of their actions. 
They depend upon frail and eiTing humanity, possessing the like 
powers, capacities, and passions with themselves, who make no 
])rofessions to the inspiration of the Almighty, but merely declare 
their opinions as men simply claiming a superiority on account of 
education or position in society. 

But it is in the religious character of the world that this scrvileness 
oi tlic human mind to merely human dictation is pre- eminenlly mani- 



87 • 

.(cstcd. Does a question arise in relation ti^ either religious doctrine, 
jn-actice, or discipline, immediately the Fathers, Councils, or Parlia- 
ment are consulted, and such as do not pay respect to the aforenamed 
authorities, are equally as indefatagable in their enquiries of eminent 
modern Devines. 

But such as do take so much trouble are few. The general dispo- 
sition of men being to select their creed in the same way and for the 
same reasons that they do their names, because it was their father's. 
And however they might be interrogated as to their reasons for being 
what they are, their answer would be equivalent to my Father was so 
before me, not^giVing heed to the declaration of Holy Writ, "that 
every man must give an account for himself; not the Fathers, Coun- 
cils, Parliament, or Modern Devines for him, but himself to account for 
the blessings, privileges, light and knowledge ^xn or offered to him 
in his day and generation. It is this servileness of the human mind 
to merely human authority or dictation that has in all ages caused 
the excitement that has always taken place in the popular mind upon 
any apparent innovation upon the opinions, laws or customs of the 
Fathers. 

This generation, possessing as it does a more extensive acqiiaint- 
aifce with the sciences, greater facilities for communicating knowledge, 
and a more general and improved education, it would naturally be 
expected that the public mind would be less biased by human in- 
fluences upon any subject that might be presented before it. But 
alas for fallen, frail, erring humanity, with all its boasted light, know- 
ledge, and professed liberality, it is found to be as servile, degraded, 
and captive-led as ever it was in the days of Noah, Moses, and the 
Prophets, or Christ and his Apostles. If it be asked where is the 
foundation for such an -assertion in these days, we answer in the 
History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

Were you to ask the Priests of Christendom why they condemn the 
said church, their answer, when driven close would be, do you think 
the Lord would allow the world, and especially the pious portion there- 
of, to remain in darkness until the illiterat Joe ( Joseph ) Smith ap- 
peared, it would be a reflection upon His goodness to think so for 
one moment. Ask the same question to the reading, and in some 
degree reflecting portion of the lay members, and they would instantly 
cite a multitude of merely human authorities, one would say, our good 
ministers R. and B., who are men of education, ability and piety, de- 
clared tiiat the Holy Ghost was never given by the laying on of 
hands ; another would say, that those acknowledged great minds, Y., 
E. & B., positively declared, that the power and authority of the apos- 
tleship was only confered upqp those ordained by Christ, and that it 
never was intended, that, that power, or the gift of the spirit 
should be perpetuated, do you think that the Lord would leave such 
good men, who are so pious, so faithful, and so charitable, in the dark 



ss 



to be instructed by such illiterate and obscure persons as the mormons 
are. A third would e:*laim, have not our good pastors time and 
again cited to us, the passages in the New Testament, in reference to 
the false christs, false prophets, and lying spirits that were to arise 
again in the last days, who would by their signs and lying wonders, 
deceive the nations of the earth, and if it were possible, even the very 
elect also. 

How seldom do these persons examine and reflect upon that which 
they hear from their ministers, if they only acted upon the injunction 
of the Apostle Paul, '' Prove all things," how often would they find 
these, in their estimation, good men, misquoting, misapplying the 
scriptures, and giving the most decisive and flat contradiction, to the 
most positive and unequivocal declaration of holy writ. 

(To be continued.) 
A SONG, 

COMPOSED BY WILLIAM HYDE, 

ON THE DEATH OF JOSEPH AND HYEAM SMITH. 



While far from kind domestic life, 
An only child, a loving wife, 
While striving, in my early youth, 
To warn mankind, and teach the truth— 

Sad news I heard, which brake my heart, 
It seemed that all must feel the smart ; 
It came while I, within a room, 
Was seeking news from friends and home. 

For weeks I'd pored the pages o'er, 
That cai-ried news from shore to shore ; 
But all that came looked dark and drear, 
Which caused me the more to fear. 

At length a' stranger did relate 
Our loving brother Joseph's fate ; 
That he, with others^strange to tell — 
Had been immured in prison cell. 

It seemed, for truths which they had 

taught, 
Their lives by demons had been sought ; 
But that the world the truth might know. 
They did themselves to prison go. 

While here they justice did await. 
How hard to tell how foul their fate ! 
Those hellish fiends, in hellish form, 
Out from their coverts they did swarm. 

The prison doors they soon were burst, 
The Prophet and his brother thrust ; 
The balls in showers did stop their breath, 
Thus fell these martyrs cold in death. 



I listened to this stranger's tale. 
Until my strength did almost fail ; 
My blood did chill within my vein. 
From weeping I could not refrain. 

I asked myself. Can it be so ? 
Must Joseph fall, and Hyram too 1 
The greatest men for deeds of worth 
That ever lived, or walked the earth ! 

But ah ! they're gone ; they sought in 

vain 
On ep.rth some justice to obtain ; 
But there's a Court that will them hear. 
And at this Court they will appear. 

'Tis now in councils of the just^ 
Their causes soon will God adjust ; 
For Joseph there himself will plead, 
And God, I'm sure, his cause will heed. 

The saints are soon to get redress 
For all their wrongs and sore distress ; 
The prayers of those who have been slain 
Are not before the Lord in vain. 

Then let us all be pure in heart, 
Although we now may feel the smart : 
When all the saints on earth we meet, 
'Tis then we'll realise the sweet. 

When Christ shall come from Heaven 

again, 
With all his saints on earth to reign, 
'Tis then we'll greet our sufferings o'er, 
'Tis then we'll meet to part no more ! 



Price Sixpence. 

Edited and PLibUshcd hy A. Famhani; Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

IN SYDNEY. 



Nos. 12-13. SATURDAY, MAY 6, 1854. Vol I. 



LETTER FROM PRESIDENT B. YOUNG. 



G. S. L. City, Oct. 31st, 1853. 
Dear Brother, 

Your letter of June 6th. arrived duly, and I was extremely grati- 
fied to learn of your welfare and success, and thank the Lord for the 
blessings that have attended your labors, and the labors of your fel- 
low-servants in the Gospel in that distant region. 

The Missionaries to China are on their way home, not having been 
able to accomplish much, so far as I have learned ; and brother Ojson 
Spencer, and Jacob Hontz were expelled from Berlin, in Prussia, with- 
out a hearing, and are now at home. Our other missions are in as 
prosperous a condition as the peculiar views, and traditions of the 
people will permit, and though in France and Germany the Govern- 
ments are disposed to hinder entirely the spread of the Gospel, still 
the brethren are carefully and quietly winning their way. 

I presume you have learned from the '^ News," or in letters from 
your family, that Indian Walker and his band have been some trou- 
blesome since last July, though quiet just at present, and may con- 
tinue so. In this affair several have been killed on both sides, and 
much stock 'has been driven off. 

The weak settlements, which the Indians mostly annoy, are being 
strengthened up, and forts are built or nearly so, in all the settle- 
ments, and we have began to make a wall, 12 feet high, entirely 
around the City, with a sufficient ditch, and the necessary culverts 
and gates, which will prevent red and white depredators from pass- 
ing in and out without our knowledge. 

Our this year's immigration have all arrived without encounter- 
ing any snow storms, and are mostly in good spirits, and generally 
located, and all soon will be. 

Our crops have been abundant, and are mostly secured, for which 
the continued fine weather has been very favorable. 



90 

The wall on the north, west, and half of the south lines of the 
Temple Block is ready for the coping stone and iron railings ; busi- 
ness generally both of a public and private nature is in a very pros- 
perous condition. 

The generel health continues to be good, and the blessings of the 
Lord are extended to us in rich abundance. 

On the subject of gathering, you are aware that the spirit and 
w^ord to scattered Israel is, " come home to the vallies of the moun- 
tains, as fast as circumstances will permit," 

Of course the Saints in Nevf Soulli Wales, and countries adjacent 
will wend their way here, at every feasible opportunity, endeavour- 
ing, so far as possijjle, to land at San Diego, California, and those 
vdio prefer it, are at liberty to stop at San Bernardinno, the remain- 
der will continue their journey into the settlements of Utah. 

Ever pleased to receive letters from you, and the brethren abroad 
upon missions, and to give such counsel, from, time to time, as the 
spirit may dictate, and praying that posperity may attend you in 
faithfulness. 

I Remain, 

Your Brother in the Gospel, 

BRTGHAM YOUNG. 
Augusts Farnham, Sydney, New South Wales. 



MINUTES OF THE ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE 
AUSTRALASIAN MISSION OF THE CHURCH OF 
JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS, HELD IN 
THE OLD ASSEMBLY ROOMS, KING-STREET, SYDNEY, 
APRIL 2nd, 1854. 

Present : 

Presidency of the Australasian Mission, 

Augustus Farnham. 

JosiAH W. Fleming. Burr Frost. 

Travelling Elders : 

James Graham. John S. Eldridge. William Baxter. 

Presidency of the Sydney Branch: 

John Jones. 

William Robb. Robert Evans. 

Elder William Howell, President of the Newcastle Branch. 

Meeting opened by singing the 37th Hymn : 

" Let earth and heaven agree," &c. 

Prayer by Elder William Robb. 

A Welch Hymn was sang by the Brethren from Newcastle : 

'' Edrychais i addewid Dduw," &c. 

Sang the 130th Hymn : 

'' 0, my Father, thou that dwellest," &c. 



91 

President J. Jones then called the Meeting to order, and declared 
the Conference open for the transaction of business. 

It was Rioved, seconded, and carried — "That Elder John Jones be 
the Clerk of the Conference." 

It was moved, seconded, and carried — " That President Augustus 
Farnham preside at this Conference." 

President Farnham rose and said, this is the Annual Conference? 
and the business we have to transact is important. If we were in 
the valley we sliouid meet on the 6th, the day on which the Church 
was first organized, our circumstances being different, we are obliged 
to act a little different. You are aware that one of my counsel has 
gone home, therefore the first Presidency here is not full, so it will 
be necessary that another be chosen to fill up the vacancy. On these 
matters we always get the voice of the people, the which, when it is 
united, is the voice of the Lord. Elder J. W. Fleming takes the 
place of Elder W. Hyde as my first Counsellor. 

President Farnham moved and President Fleming seconded, and 
it was carried — " That Elder Burr Frost be appointed second Coun- 
sellor." 

The President then remarked that he wished all who felt that this 
work was right to vote with one heart and mind to sustain the 
Authorities thereof, inasmuch as you do so you will be sustained by 
our Father in heaven. 1 also repeat that which I said last Confer- 
ence, namely, that I want no hypocrites. Those who may feel that 
they cannot vote in favour, I wish them to show on the contrary, and 
also to state their reasons. 

It was proposed, seconded, and carried, tliat we receive and sus- 
tain Elder Augustus Farnham as President of the Australasian 
Mission of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

It was proposed, seconded, and carried, that we receive and sus- 
tain Elders Josiah W. Fleming and Burr Frost as Counsellors to Pre- 
sident A. Farnham. 

It was proposed, seconded, and carried, that we receive and sus- 
tain Elder John Jones as President of the Sydney Branch. 

It was proposed, seconded, and carried, that we receive and sus- 
tain Elders William Robb and Robert Evans as Counsellors to Presi- 
dent J. Jones. 

It was proposed, seconded, and carried, that we receive and sus- 
tain the First Presidency in Zion, Brigham Young, as President of 
the Church of Jesus Christ throughout the world, and as their Pro- 
phet, Seer, and Revelator, and their Leader in Israel ; and also 
receive and sustain Heber, C. Kimbal, and Willard Richards as his 
Counsellors, and as Apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

It was proposed, seconded, and carried, that we receive and sus- 
tain the Quorum of twelve Apostles, who are the Travelling High 
Counsel of the Church. 



92 

It was moved, seconded, and carried, that we receive and sustain 
Father John Smith as the Patriarch of the Churcli in Zion. 

It was moved, seconded, and carried, that we receive and sustain 
all t]\Q Officers in the Church, in Zion, and throughout the world. 

President Farnham then rose and stated that he had two or three 
very disagreeable cases to present, yet they are such as must be 
attended to, however disagreeable they may be, otherwise every duty 
will not be attended to, and without attending to every duty it is 
impossible to magnify our calling. Many will say that when they 
go astray it is not a voluntary act, but this is wrong. It is true that 
at the first they are led on by a seductive spirit. Yv^e ought often to 
examine ourselves. If we do so, by the spirit of our Father he will 
not let us go astray. Some w^ho were thought wise amongst us are 
gone astray, trampling their covenants under their feet, abusing the 
Saints of God. I name these that you may take warning thereby, 
and that you be not led by that seductive spirit. 

I will refer to one case that has come under observation in this 
place, and it will serve to illustrate many others. 

About eleven weeks ago there was a brother who stood up in this 
place and bore as faithful a testimony to the truth as it was possible 
for man to bear. But, alas ! he began to absent himself from the 
meeting, then to lose confidence in the brethren, &c. ; thus he went 
on from small things to greater, until he has run into trans- 
gression. 

He then presented the case of John Baxter, and his wife Maria, 
and charged them with unchristianlike conduct ; also, with abuse and 
contempt to the Authorities of the Church. 

He also stated that they had been visited by the Elders and 
Teachers, whom they had insulted and abused. I will not submit to 
have my iDrethren or the authority of the Holy Priesthood, with which 
we are clothed, abused by any brother or sister. He that speaks 
against my brethren speaks against me, and against the servant of 
the Lord who sent m.e — against the Prophet Joseph, and the Angels 
that ministered unto him. Yes ! he speaks against the Lord God, 

It was proposed, seconded, and carried, that the charge against 
Elder John Baxter, and his wife Maria, be sustained, and that they 
be cut off from the Church. 

The President next presented the case of Richard Merchant, whom 
he charged with unchristianlike conduct. After he had explained the 
nature of the case. 

It was moved, seconded, and carried, that the charge against 
Richard Merchant be sustained, and that he be cut off from the 
Church. 

The President then presented the case of Elder William Baxter, 
who desired to give up his Mission. He had gone forth and come 
back again, and wished to withdraw and prepare for going to Zion. 



93 

It was moved, seconded, and carried, ilvdt he be allo\Ncd to 
withdraw. 

The President then stated that he had received instructions, in the 
Ninth General Epistle of tlie First Presidency, to open books for the 
Perpetual Emigration Fund for gathering the poor. Books will be 
opened at my office from this time for the purpose of receiviug dona- 
tions to said fimd. 

The President next. called for the Elders' Report, when Elder B. 
Frost rose and reported the Victoria Conference. There were in that 
Conference 34 Members, 5 Elders, 1 Seventy, 1 High Priest, and 
2 of the lesser Priesthood. 

In relation to Victoria, he w ould say that there had been preach- 
ing there before he went by Elder Wandell, who was a man of God. 
He was called away before he could do much good. Soon after going 
down I went up to Bendigo, baptized two, and organized a Branch, 
Elder Cook presiding. I have also ordained three to the Priesthood, 
and have sent them to preach the Gospel in the Gold Mines. He 
also presented the South Australian Conference as consisting of 47 
members. 

The President next called on Elder John S. Eldridge for his Re- 
port, when he arose and said — Wy labours during the last 3 months 
have been continued in the S.W. section, in company with Elder W. 
Baxter part of the time. Have visited Camden, V/indsor, and Pen- 
rith ; have held meetings and conversed with the people, trying to do 
all the good I could. Some are believing, others investigating, and 
there are those who rebel against the truth. The work is progress- 
ing slowly, yet I believe there will be a good v, ork done in these 
places, but that will be when the people's grasp in the things of this 
world is loosed. 

The President, at the request of Elder W. Howel, presented the 
Newcastle Branch, stating that it contained 13 members. One had 
been cut off for slander. He referred to his remarks at the Counsel 
Meeting on Friday night, that he would not associate with those who 
were continually abusing the priesthood, w^ith those who manifested 
feelings of friendship and kindness it was quite different, but such 
as were obstinately rebellious they should be shunned. 

The Presideni further said, that Paul counselled to be subject to 
the powers that be, and as the Saviour said many did err not under- 
standing the Scriptures, so I m.ay say many do err not understanding 
the will of the Lord. This will is not written : the Lord said, " I 
will write my law in their hearts." Honor the counsel belonging to 
the Church that has been appointed by the first Presidency. This 
appointment cannot be set aside ; it has also been confirmed by a 
vote of the Conference. The instructions of this counsel being sus- 
tained by the voice of the Conference, is the voice of the Lord. 

Last Conference Elders were sent on Missions. Some went forth 
and came back again, and are back again; another went forth and 



94 

has como back again, and has taken to his ohl calling to get nionev 
to go by water. I told tlieni to commence preaching at Liverpool, 
and to work in and ont in the conntry, preaching at every place 
where there was an opening, and not to come back niitil called : thns 
tliey have been travelling the ground over two or three times with- 
out any necessity, injuring their bodies. It is not right that we 
should abuse or destroy our tabernacles. These hist few weeks past 
I have travelled much, and been weary often walking by day and 
l)reaching at night, but I have never travelled the same ground 
twice over without there being any necessity for it. 

If \'ou should be appointed to a tield of labor, go forth and iiil 
that misi^ion, trastmg in the Lord, and never fail though you 
should die. 

The appointments of the Elders will remain as at last Conference, 
excepting Elder J. S. Eldridge, whom he should take to assist in the 
Hunter's River District for a short time. 

It A^ as proposed, sec»mded, and carried, that Elder J. S. Eldridge 
be sustained in Ids appointment to the Hunter's River District. 

The President next reported the departure of the "Julia Ann,'' 
banjue, Commander Davis, having Mr. Pond (the owner) ou board, 
which sailed from Newcastle on 22nd 3Iarch, with a Company of 
Saints on board, bound for San Pedro. The Company numbered' 
GS soids. 

After the brethren were assembled on board, a Special Conference 
was called, when Elders Charles Stapley, sen., and Richard Allen 
were appointed Counsellors to Elder Wm. Hyde, who had charge of 
the company. 

Elder Charles Stapley, jun.. was appointed officiating Elder, two 
Priests aiul Teachers were ordained, and counsel and instruction 
given suited to their circumstances. 

It is expected that another company will leave here next October. 
It is intended to gather up as many as are able to go, for the counsel 
from the tirst Presidency is that tlie Saints are to gather home as fast 
as thev can, and those' who are able are required to assist the poor. 
Out of this last company that has gone out I have had to call for 
i^£'24:0) two hundred and forty pounds!" to assist the poor, and there 
would be some poor to assist in the next company. 

The Welch brethren sang the 459th Hymn, Welch Collection. 

Sang 193rd Hymn: 

'' Redeemer of Israel, our only delight," (S:c. 

Benediction, by Elder John Jones. 

Conference adjourned until 3 p.m. 

C-niference met, pursuant to adjournment, at 3 r.M. 
Sang the 253rd Hymn : 

'' Go, ye Messengers of Glory," (^c. 
Prayer, by Elder John S. Eldridge. 



95 

Sang the 53rd Hymn, Welsh Collection : 

^' Ysbryd yr Arglyvvdd fcl tan Sydd in Llosgi." 

Sang the 29th Hymn : 

" What was witnessed in the heavens," &c. 

Elder J. W. Fleming addressed the Meeting. 

Sacrament was administered by Elder John Jones. 

Brother liees' son and daughter sang a W^elch song, composed on 
the Gathering. 

Sang the 96th Hymn: 

" Lord, dismiss ns with thy blessing." 

Benediction, by President A. Farnham. 

Conference adjourned until 7 p.m. 



Conference met, pursuant to adjournment, at 7 p.m 
Sang the 21st Hymn : 

" God moves in a mysterious way." 
Prayer, by Elder John Jones. 
Meeting addressed by Elder Burr Frost. 
Sang the 274th Hyiiin : 

" Come to me, will ye come to the Saints that ha^c died " 
Benediction, by Elder J. Jones. 
Conference adjourned until the first Sunday in July. 



Statistic of the Dast Twelve Months labors 



CONFERENCES. 


S 

CO 

a, 

■ri 

CO 


1 


OfUiuations. 

1 rX 

i s!l Hi 

J i 2 i 2 1 s , 

M 1 O. r-t Q ' Q 1 


5d 
o 

3 

o 


Sydney 


19 


3 


\ 1 1 

5 2 3 ; 2 1 

1 !i 


10 


Hunter River ., .. 


44 


12 




'i ,■ 


2 


Victoria 


Not correctly known. 


Adelaide 


47 

1_ 


!.|. .; 1 1 





AUGUSTUS FARNHAM, F resident. 



JOHN JONES, Clekk. 



96 

The Hue-and-Cry; or, where are the False Prophets and 
Lyijsto Spirits that are Deceiving the Nations. 

(Continued from page 88.) 

If it was not for that thoughtless and unaccountable serveillaiice 
before mentioned, this state of things would not be tolerated. It 
would be demanded of this hireling priesthood that they either ])reach 
the Bible or reject it altogether. That it may not be proved that 
that which we have written is a mere tissue of assertions, we 
shall now proceed to examine the Bible, and compare it wiih the 
statements of these teachers of the last days, so that such as will 
behold it may see where the lying spirits are that are deceiving the 
nations of the earth. 

We shall commence with the statement that the Holy Ghost was 
never given by the laying on of hands. Here we must request the 
reader to turn to his Bible and read the following passages : — Acts 8, 
17th verse; 19th chap. 6 Heb., 6, 2 ; Gal. 5, 3 ; Deut. 34, 9. 

Again, there is the statements of Y. E. and B., who aver that 
the power and authority of the Apostleship was only conferred upon 
such as were ordained ])y Christ, and that that power and authority 
nor the gifts of the Spirit were never intended to be perpetuated. 
Upon this subject we must request the reader attentively to read the 
following passages :— Eph. 4, 11, 12, 13 ; I Cor. 12 ; Acts 2, 38, 39; 
Mark 16, 17, 18. 

Here w^e must solicit permission to ask a few questions. In the 
first place we would enquire : What ordinance appointed by the 
God of Heaven does not possess the virtue that He hath ordained to 
appertain thereunto? — And when the Scriptures of truth plainly 
state that by the laying on of the hands of the Apostles the Holy 
Ghost was given, what degree of learning, ability, or so-called piety 
will warrant a person to assert that it was not so ? Again, when 
the Lord, through His Apostle, hath declared what organization He 
had set in His Church, the end for which they were appointed, viz., 
" The work of the Ministry ;" the period until which they were ap- 
pointed, " Till we all come to the unity of the faith and of the 
knowledge of the Son of God." What must be the presumption of 
the person who, being paid to teach the Bible and to contend for its 
infallibility, who would venture to affirm, in the face of this most 
unequivocal declaration, that the power and authority of the Apostle- 
ship was not intended to be perpetuated ? Again, we would ask, 
where in the Scriptures do they find the word extraordinary that they 
apply to this authority together with the gifts of the Holy Ghost ? 
We do not believe that the word extraordinary is to be found be- 
tween the lids of the Bible. We know it is nowhere to be found in 
connexion with the authority or gifts referred to. Why and by 
Avhom vf as it introduced ? It was introduced by men that they might 
the better evade the plain declaration of truth. If these men's 



97 

statements are true, it must be evident that Christ'must have been 
wrong when he promised that " These signs should fellow (all) them 
that ijelieve," &c.; and Peter also, when he said " Repent and be 
baptized, and you shall receive the Holy Ghost, for the promisees 
unto you and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as 
many as the Lord our God shall call." 

Saint Paul must have partaken largely of the same spirit when he 
wrote : "God hath set in the church first apostles, secondly prophets, 
thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healing, helps, 
governments, diversities of tongues. Are all apostles ? are ail pro- 
phets? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles? have all the gifts 
of healing ? do all interpret?" Again " now hath God set the members 
every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased him, and if they were 
all one member where were the body ? But now are they m.any 
members but one body. And the eye cannot say unto the hand I have 
no need of thee, nor again the head to the foot I have no need of you." 
The apostle, in this chapter, not only shows the necessity of a per- 
fect organization for the formation of a body, but also shows the ab- 
solute necessity of an harmonious operation of each part for the heal- 
thy and efficient action thereof, which is pungentiy expressed in 
that graphic sentence. " That there might be no schism in the body." 
He then sums up the whole by a positive declaration that the church 
was the body of Christ and that no one might mistake any other or- 
ganization for the body or church of Christ, he sets forth tlie nature 
of the organization thereof as cited above. Here are three testimo- 
nies, Christ, Peter, and Paul, each authorized by the great God of 
heaven and earth, against it we have the testimonies of thousands of 
secterian priests. Who are we to believe, God or man ? We say with 
the same apostles let God be true, though it even should go to prove 
all men liars. 

Having shown that in reference to the organization of the church 
of Christ and the gifts of the Holy Ghost, the Bible is aganst the Sec- 
tarian world, we shall now examine whether they have any true 
foundation in the scriptures of truth for the accusations of false pro- 
phets and lying spirits, which they so vehemently cry against the 
servants of God in these days. 

It must be evident to all that it is of little consequence (save to 
themselves) by what name they call the Saints, if they cannot prove 
them worthy of such epithets, both from the Scripture and from their 
conduct. Their callino' them false, lying, &c., will not prove them to 
be so. It cannot aU'ect them otherwise than as the Saviour hath 
promised, when he said " Blessed are ye when men persecute you, 
and say all manner of evil against you falsely for my name's sake, 
for great is your reward in the Kingdom of Heaven ;" but it will be 
WOE, WOE with them if they are found bearing false witness, for 
their portion will be with dogs and sorcerers and whoremongers and 
idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie. 



98 

The first passage we shall refer to is recorded in the 24th chapter 
of Matthew, from the 21st to the 28th verses. 

In the passage referred to we observe, firstly, that Christ was to 
come a second time to the earth ; secondly, that before H is second 
coming there should arise persons professing to be Christ, who sho^jld 
dwell upon the earth, born in the usual course, and that they should 
perform great signs and wonders for the purpose of enforcing their 
pretensions; thirdly, that when Christ should appear he should come 
not from the earth but from heaven, and that preceding and accom- 
panying His second advent there should be great tribulations and 
earthquakes such as was not since the creation until ihis day, no nor 
never shall be. 

Now if we should satisfactorily prove that neither Joseph Smith 
nor the Church deny the second coming of Christ, but contend earn- 
estly for the doctrine in the strictly literal sense thereof, to be fulfilled 
in the way and manner stated in the Bible, and that Joseph Smith 
nowhere assumed to be Jesus Christ, neither does the Church any- 
where represent hlra as such, and that so far from giving great signs 
to enforce his authority or diffuse the principles of the Everlasting 
Gospel, he positively condemns such as seek for signs, and also 
that they believe that preceding and accompanying the revelation of 
Jesus Christ there will be tribulations, wars, famines, pestilences, 
and great and awful convulsions of the world, we shall then feel 
assured that no honest person will contmue to apply these passages 
to the Prophet of God, Joseph Smith, or the servants of tlie Lord 
ordained to the holy priesthood by and through the authority com- 
mitted unto him. 

We shall now proceed to make some quotations from the Book of 
Doctrine and Covenants, and that they may appear to better advan- 
tage we shall place them in juxta position with passages from the 
Bible on the same subject. 

Act3, 1st chap., 9 to 1 1 verse.— ••While Doctrine and Covenants, section 10, p 2. 

tbey (the disciples) beheld, he (Chriit) was — " And they have done to the Son of Man 

taken up, and s cloud received him out of even as they listed, and He lias taken Ills 

their si/?ht. Ar.d while they looked stead- power on the right hand of hisglory, and now 

fastly toward heaven aa he went up, behold, reigneth in the heavens, and will reign until 

twA men s;ood by them in white apparel : he descends on earth to put all eneoiies 

which also said, Ye nien of Galilee why under his feet." Sec. 108, p. 5 : — •' Beheld 

stand ye gf^zing up into heaven ? This same the Lord bath sent forth the sngel crjing in 

Jesus, whicii is taken up frora you into the midst of heaven, saying prepare ye the 

heaven, shall sa come in like manner as ye way of the Lord, make his paths straight, 

have seen him go into heaven." for the hour of His coming is ni.^h, when 

Acts 3, 19 to 21. — ' When the times of the Lamb shall stand upon Mount Zion. 

refreshing shall come from the presence of * # * * Wherefore prepare ye for the 

tl'.e Lord, he shall send Jesus Christ which coming of the Bridegroom. * « * « 

before was preached unto you, A'hom the And ihe Lord, even the Sjviour, shall stand 

heavens must receive until tho times of the in the midst of His people, and shall reign 

restitution of all things spoken by the m.ouths over all flesh." 

of all His holy prophets (since the world be* Doctrine and Covenants, section 10, p. 2 : 

gan,»» — ''For the hour is nigh, and that which 

was spoken by mine apostles must be ful- 
filled ; for as Jbey spoke so shall it come to 



99 



Matthew, 24 h ch.ip,, 23. 26 ver.— «• And 
if any raan slmll say unto you, Lo. here is 
Chrisf, or tliere, bel'.eve it not. Wherefore 
if thpy shall say unto you, Behold, he is in 
the desert ; go not torth ; behold, he is in 
the secret chambers ; believe it not." 27ih 
verse : — '* For as the lightning cometh 
out of the east, and shiueth evea unto the 
west, so shall iha coming of the Son of Man 
be." 



Matthew, 24th ch., 24!ih v.—" For there 
shall arise false Christs and fa!?.e prophets, 
and shall show great signs and wonders ; 
insomuch that, if ic were possible, they shall 
deceive the very elect." 

Mark. I3th ch., 22nd v. — Siys expressly, 
" that they shall shew signs and wonders for 
the very purpose of stducing." 

il Thes., 2nd cb., 4. 9 verses.—" Who 
opposeih a!>(l exhaltedi himself above all 
that is called God ; or that is worshipped, so 
that he as God siteth in the temple of God, 
shewing himself that he is God ; whose com- 
ing is after the working of Satan, with ail 
power and signs and lying wonders." 



Matthew, 21th ch,.. 21st, 22nd v — " For 
then sball be great tribulaiions, such as was 
not from the beginning of the world 'o this 
time, no «ior never shou.d be. And except 
those (lays should be saorteneLi there should 
EG fl'^sh be saved, but for the eleci's sake 
those days siiould be shortened " 29, 30 : 
— •• Immeuiately after ih? tribuation of 
those da.ys shall the sun bj darkened, and 
the moon shall not give her ligal. and the 
stars shall fail frooa heaven, and the powers 
of the heavens shall be shaken ; and tiien 
shall appear the sign of the Son of Min in 
the heavens ; and then shall all the tribes of 
the earth mourn, and they shall see t)ie Son 
of Man coming in the clouds of heaven with 
power and great glory." See Mark, 13th 
chapter, 19, 20, 24, 25,26 verses. 



pass ; for I will reveal myself from heaven 
with power and great glory, wit!) all the 
hosts thereof, and dwell in righteousness 
with men on the earth a thousand years, and 
the wicked shall not stand " 

Dfc. and Gov., sec. 65, p. 4 ?— ** And 
again, verily I say unto you, that the Son of 
Man Cometh not in the form of a woman, 
neither of a man travelling on the earth : 
wherefore be not deceived, but continue in 
steadfastness, looking forth for the heavens 
to be shaken, and the earth to tremble, and 
to reel to ar.d fro as a drunken man; and 
for the valleys to b<? exhalted ; and for the 
mountains to be made low ; and for the 
rough places to become smooth: and all 
this when the angel bhall sound his trump." 

Dec. and Gov., sec. 16, p. 4 :— " Where- 
fore beware lest ye are deceived, and that ye 
ba not deceived seek earnesciy the best gifts, 
always lememberinj^ for what they are 
given ; for verily I f-ay unto y«!U, they are 
given for the benefit of those who love me 
and keep my commandmenis, and him that 
seeketh to do so, that all may be benefitted 
that seckelh or asketh of me, that asketli 
and not for a sign that he may consume it 
upon his lust." Sec. 20, p, 3 :— *' Faith 
Cometh not by signs, but sigus fubow tiietn 
that believe. Yea, signs come by faith, 
unto mighty works, for without faith no 
man pieaseth God : and with wtioaa God is 
angry ha is not well pleased ; whereforf, 
unto such ha sbeweth no signs, only in wrath 
unto their condemnation." P. 2 :— " He 
that s?cketh signs, shall see signs, but not 
unto salvation." 

Doc. and C 'V., sec. 14, p. 5 :—'' Hearken 
ye, for, behold, the great day of the Lord 
is at band. For the day cometh thdt the 
Lord shall uttei- His voice out of heaven ; the 
heavens shall shake and the earsh shall 
tremble." See. 15, p. 6 : - '' Atid it shall 
ctime to pasd that he thet feireth me shall be 
looking forth for th-e great day of the Lord 
to come, even for the sign* of the coming of 
the Son of Man: and they shaii see signs 
and wonders, for they shall be shown forth 
in the heavens above, and in tlje earth be- 
neath ; and they shall behold blood and fire, 
and vapours of smoke; and before the day 
of the Lord shall come the sun shall be 
darkened, and the moon ahall be turned 
into blood, and the stars fall from heaven ; 
and the remnant shall be gathered unto this 
place, and then they shall look for n.e, and, 
behold, 1 will come ; and they shall see me 
in the clouds of heaven, clothed with power 
and great glory, with all tbe holy angels ; 
and he that watchelh not lor nic shall be cut 
off." P. 8 :-" Then shall the arm of the 
Lord fall upon the nations, and then shall 



100 

the Loi J set his fool upon the mount, and ie 
shall cleave in twain, and the earth shall 
tremble, aad reel to and fro, and the heavens 
also shall ahake, and the Lord shall utter His 
voice, and jill the ends of the earth shall 
he&r it, and the nations of the earth shall 
mourn, and they that have laughed shall see 
their folly, and calamity shall cover the 
mocker, and the scorntr shall he consumed, 
and they that have watched for iniquity shall 
be hewn down and cast into the fire." Ste 
sec. 10, p. 4, 5 ; also 08, p. 1,5. 

From the above comparison of the testimonies of Christ and His 
Apostles with the records of the Prophet Joseph Smith in relation to 
the second advent of om* Lord and Savionr Jesus Christ, it must be 
evident to every person that the several testimonies are one in their 
nature and character, and that so far as the belief of the Church 
upon this most important subject is concerned, it must be evident to 
every candid person that when the hireling priests of these days 
apply these passages to the founder (speaking after the manner of the 
world) of this church, or to any or all its office-bearers, they must be 
either " awfully ignorant or wilfully wicked." 

But it is well for us that the Saviour has in another place given us 
an infallible rule by which we may know who are the false prophets. 
In the record of Matthew, ch. 7, verses 15, 20, we read — " Beware 
of false prophets, which come unto you in sheep's clothing, but in- 
wardly they are ravening wolves. Ye shall know them by their fruits. 
Do men gather grapes olf thorns, or figs off thistles ? Even so every 
good tree bringeth forth good fruit ; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth 
evil fi'uit. A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a 
corrupt tiee bring forth good fruit. Every tree that bringeth not 
forth good fruit is hewn down and cast into the fire. Wherefore, by 
their fruits ye shall know them." 

That we may understand distinctly what is hear meant by the 
simile of tree and fruit, we shall refer to the 15th chapter ot John's 
record, verses 2, 3, 7, to 10. We there read — " I am the true vine, 
my father is the husbandman. Every branch that beareth not fruit 
he taketh away, and every branch that beareth fruit, he purgeth it 
tliat it may bring forth more fruit. Now ye are clean through the 
word I have spoken unto you. If ye abide in me and my words in 
you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you. Herein 
is my father glorified, that ye bear much fruit ; so shall ye be my 
disciples. As the father hath loved me, so have I loved you: con- 
tinue in my love. If ye keep (all) my commandments ye shall abide 
in my love : even as I have kept (all) my father's commandments, 
and abide in his love." 

Matthew 7, 13, 14, 21, 24. — '^ Enter into the straight gate, for wide 
is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and 
many there be which go in thereat : because straight is the gate, and 



101 

narrow is tlie way, whicli leadeth unto life. Not every one that saith 
unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven ; but he 
that doeth the v> ill of my father, vfhich is in lieaven. ^Vllerefo^e 
whosoever hearcth these sayings of mine, and doeth tliem, I will 
liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock ; and 
every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, 
shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the 
sand." From the above quotations it will be evident that such as 
abide in the organization, ordinances, and doctrines of Christ, v> ill 
abide in him, and that whatsoever they shall ask, they shall receive : 
— That is, they should receive revelation from God ; and that such as 
did not receive the mind of the Lord, not being appointed by him 
through the law of revelation, and not observing his ordinances and 
covenants, were not his servants, and that all their assumptions to be 
so wxre false, their ministrations a delusion, their end destruction. 
We would here request the reader to turn to the 24th chapter of 
Isaiah, and there behold the graphic description of this present gene- 
ration with their no-revelation hireling priesthood, and the awful 
destruction that awaits them. We would beseech all men every- 
where — priest and people— to listen to the voice of the God of heaven 
as made known to them through his servant, the Prophet Joseph, 
who was called and ordained of God to bring in the Dispensation of 
the fulness of times, and who has organized the Church upon the 
foundation of apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ being the chief 
corner-stone, — he having re-established the law, ordinances, and 
covenants of the Gospel. We beseech them to repent and to be 
baptised for the remission of their sins ; and to all such as do obey, 
we say, ye shall receive the Holy Ghost, by the laying on of the 
hands of the servants of God : for '' The Lord is the same to-day, 
yesterday, and for ever : with him there is no variableness nor shadow 
of a turning." 

We shall next proceed to take a view of the passage in 2 Peter, 
2nd ch., 1 — " But there were false prophets among the people, even as 
there shall be false teachers among you, who privily bring in damna- 
ble heresies, even denying the Lord that brought them, and bring 
upon themselves swift destruction." 

It is thought quite sufficient, by the teachers of the day, merely to 
cite this, and no sooner done than all the faithful of their flock swal-' 
low it down as a precious morsel, and esteem it an all-powerful anti- 
dote to Mormonism ; and so childishly imbecile are they that they do 
not for one moment think that it has any other application than that 
given to it by the persons they pay to think for them ; not for one 
moment do they think that instead of applying to the Mormons, that 
it has not the remotest reference to them, but that it is a perspicuous 
yet most forcible description of their own priestcraft and erroneous 
doctrines. All the bona fide servants of God, called of Him as Aaron 



102 

was, did not come in the capacity ot teachers, but as authoritative 
messengers or prophets bearing the word of the Lord. Now in the 
passage referred to, we hear not of persons professing to come in the 
namQ of the Lord, but of such as should presume to no higher autho- 
rity than teachers — teachers for hire — for " Through covetousness 
they were to make merchandise of the people ;" their doctrines were 
to be inconsistent with the word of God, even denying the second 
coming of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Yea they should scoff 
at the very idea of such a doctrine, and cry out as these last day 
teachers do. Where is the promise of his coming? ''for since the 
fathers fell asleep all things continue as they were from the begin- 
ning of creation." But " this they willingly are ignorant of, that 
by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing 
out of the waters and in the water: whereby the world, that then 
was beincr overflowed with water, perished; but the heavens and the 
eartli which are now, by the same word, are kept in store, reserved 
imlo fire against the day of judgment and perdition ot ungodly men. 
But beloved ))e not ignorant of this one thina", that one day is witli 
the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.'* 
"Tlie day of the Lord will come (upon the unbelieving and disobe- 
dient) as a thief in the night: in which the heavens shall pass away 
with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat; the 
earth also, and the works that are thereon, shall be burned up." 

From the foregoing it will be manifest that those who cry false 
prophets when the passage reads false teachers, must, to say the least 
of it, not be very consistent. And that this passage cannot in any 
way be made to apply to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints must be evident from the fact that its Ministers do not come 
forth as teacliers lor the purpose of merely changing opinions with 
mankind, but they assume to be the authoritative messengers or pro- 
phets of God, bearing God's message to this generation to turn their 
hearts to tlie fathers, that they niay thus prepare for the coming 
of the Son of Man when he shall be revealed a second time unto 
salvation, and that so far from making merchandise of the people by 
teaching for hire or divining for money, they are simt forth without 
purse or scrip, and whether they are housed, fed, or not, it is their 
duty to lift up the warning voice and call upon the people to repent 
and obey the Gospel ; and if they should fail in so doing God will 
require the blood of that people at their hands, and so consistent are 
they in their organizations, laws, ordinances, and doctrines with the 
word of God, that not one passage thereof can be successfully cited 
against them. 

Now until these man made teachers who possess all the advan- 
taoes th;it rank, education, ability, and influence can command, have 
from the word of God, the Bible, shown that the doctrines of the 
Saints are false, tlieir authority a mere assumption, and that they 
are the bona fide servants of God, called, as Aaron was, and that 



103 

their organizations, laws, ordinances, and doctrines are sucli as be- 
long to the Church or Kingdom of God as laid down in the Bible 
of divine truth ; let them then cease their cry of false ])rophets 
against the servants of God, and humble themselves in prayer, and 
thus seek wisdom of the Lord, who gives liberally to all, and up- 
braideth not. 

Here we would just mention that we could name some few in this 
city who stand nearly at the top of the pinacle of fame who have 
read the *' Kingdom of God" and "The Divine Authenticity of the 
Book of Mormon" more than 18 months ago, and yet the public 
have not heard a w^ord from them exposing the arguments therein 
advanced. We shall allow them or the public to assign a reason ior 
their silence. 

(to be continued.) 

THE MORMONS.- (From Chambers' Repository of Trscts, No. 53.) These people are 
not to b'i despised, nor too mucli taunted with the impositions or irregulaiitles oftlieir 
founders ; fo^' whatever may have been the moral slate of Mormon society in times past, ac- 
cording to all rehable testimony, great improvement haS been for a long while going on, 
and is sufficient to justifv us in ibe belief, that in regard to the few peculiar ities of conduct 
which demand our reprehension, there will eventually be a decided and permanent rcfor» 
maiion. Their successful examplification of a great social priaciple — the principle of con- 
cert in employments, and its distribution of the products of their industry, along with the 
many solid and generous virtues which are daily manifested by their daily lives and coii- 
versation — may fairly be considered proof of a lari.e preponderous of %oorth, sufficient to 
overbalance the few admitted sins (hey may be guilty of ; and considering there is no society 
in which there is so little habitual crime aad misery/, and so large an amount of general 
comfort and icell being,\he Mormon policy may be said to be admirably suited to tiie p«;ople 
under it, and to answer all the ends for wliich ir, ha# been constituted. As a [>ian for ob- 
taioing the aggregate result of single efforts, is the best social and industrial experiment 
that has yet been tried on any considerable scale. Sumuajed up in the words of one of the 
Mormnn writers — a roan of no indifferent learning and ability — it is a policy intended to 
enable and induce " each person to opsreto at what and where he can do best, and with all 
his might ; being subject to the council of those above him." In an enterprize so nobly 
philosophical and judicious, no unprejudiced or discerning mind can xcish them anything 
but a continued and prolonged success. 



GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. 



We have received another large supply of the standard works from 
Liverpool, copies of which may be had at our office. No. 9, Parra- 
matta-street. We particularly call the attention of our readers to a 
new work, entitled *' Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith, the 
Prophet, and his progenitors for many generations." We would 
earnestly recommend this liUle work to all, and especially the Saints. 
In it they will find both facts and dates connected with his own life, 
and that of his progenitors, that will be a sufficient rei'utation to all 
the lies put forth by the pulpit and press in relation to them. 

We are frequently receiving intelligence irom the Valley. We 
have inserted a letter received from President B. Young, which, we 
have no doubt, will be interesting to our readers. 



104 

We have received a letter from Elder N. Tanner, dated Honolulu, 
February £6th, 1854. The work of the I^ord is progressing rapidly 
tliere and in the neighbouring Isle. Preparations are being made 
for getting the press in motion, when the *'Book of Mormon" will 
be printed in the Hawaiian language. Steps also are being taken to 
purchase a vessel for gathering the Saints to Zion this season. 

We also have heard from Elders Dowdle and Norton, Adelaide. 
The work is progressing, a;nd they are being greatly blessed of the 
Lord, which makes their hearts greatly to rejoice in the Latter-day 
work. 

We have heard from Elder Burr Frost, who has returned safe to 
Melbourne. He states that the Saints are all well, and rejoicing in 
the Lord. 

We have just returned from a tour in the S.W. section, in com- 
pany with J. S. Eldridge, who has been laboring there. We found 
the people friendly, ready to open their houses to receive and feed 
us, and help us on our way. Our meetings were well attended, seve- 
ral were baptized, others are waiting. The people listened atten- 
tively, and appeared eager to obtain our books. There will hence- 
forth be a supply of them kept at Brother James Elphick's, 
Camden. 

We have on hand a good supply of Millenial Stars, which give 
a general account of the prosperity of the work of the Lord through- 
out the world. 



SELECT POETRY. 

^ 

THE HOME OF THE SAINTS. 



"Where the vo'ce of friendship's heard, 
Sntmdins' like a sweel-ton'd bird ; 
Where the holy notes inspire 
With devotion's pure desire ; 
Where fond actions speak the soul ; 
"Where true love finds no control; 
Where the sons of God agree — 
There may all the faithful be. 

Where the weary find a home, 
Whpre the wild deer fearless roam, 
"Where the mellow fruit-tree grow?, 
"Where the golden harvest flows, 
Where the bee, the grape, and kine, 
Yield their honey, milk and wine. 
Where the curse from earth shall flee — 
There may all the faithful be. 



Where the Temple-block is laid, 
Where no foe shall e'er invade. 
Where the priesthood's pow'r shall claim, 
All that heaven and earth can name; 
Where the judge by justice rules, 
Where the couns'llors are not fools, 
Where the poor shall judgment s?e — 
There may the faithful be. 

Where the dew-distilling hills 
Drop their fatnes in the rills, 
Where the river, lake, and stream. 
With their finny myriads teem, 
Wfapre the shade trees round the fold 
Shield from heat and winter's cold, 
Where all nature sings wi h glee — 
There may all the faithful be. 



Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Published by A. Farnham, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S AVATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

IN SYDNEY. 



Nos. 14-15. S ATUHB AY, JULY 1, 1854. Vol I. 



SECOND EPISTLE OF ORSON PRATT, 

TO THE SAINTS SCATTERED THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES AND 

BRITISH PROVINCES GREETING : 

(From the Seer.) 

Dear Brethren— ^Vith a heart full of gratitude to the Great Giver 
ef every good and perfect gift, for His manifold mercies and blessings 
so liberally bestowed upon His people in the last days, I again at- 
tempt to communicate to you, through the medium of an Epistle, 
such items of intelligence and instructions as will, no doubt, be in- 
teresting to you to iearn. 

Utah, the great central gathering place from the Saints throughout 
the world, is in a very prosperous and flourishing condition ; her set- 
tlements are rapidly extending throughout the breadth of the Terri- 
tory is included between the parallels of 37^ and 42^ North, and be- 
tween the meridians of 29^ and 43^ West of Washington ; or in other 
w ords, it is about 350 miles broad from North to South, and about 
650 miles long from East to West, including an area of about 225,000 
square miles. The Legislature, during its first session, 1852, divided 
the Territory into twelve counties, namely— Weber, Davis, Desert, 
Green River, Great Salt Lake, Utah, Tooele, Juab, Millard, San Pete, 
Iron, and Washington. These counties are mostly bounded by me- 
ridians, and parallels of latitude, and include the whole Territory. 
By far the greater portion of this Territory consists of mountains and 
deserts entirely unfit for the habitation of man or animals. In the 
midst of these dreary waters may be seen, here and there, beautiful 
and fertile valleys, watered by crystal streams, formed by the melting 
snows which are deposited, during the winter, in vast abundance 
upon the surrounding mountains. 

Grains and vegetables of every description that are produced in 
the same latitudes in the States, grow in the most luxuriant abundance. 
Young fruit trees seem to be thrifty and doing well : some peaches 



106 

have been produced for two or three years past. It is one of the best 
grazing countries in the world ; the fine bunch grass will fatten cat- 
tle and horses equal to grain : it is seldom that farmers cut much hay, 
for the cattle can generally find good grazing the year round. 

Timber for building purposes is not found in the valleys, but it is 
procured from the mountains, and consists principally of pine and 
fir. Wood for fuel is also generally obtained in the mountains, al- 
though in some of the more southern parts a scrubby cedar grows in 
places in the valleys : it is quite expensive and tedious to procure the 
necessary timber and fuel. Coal and iron ore abound in the south- 
ern counties, and probably in many other places where they are not 
yet discovered. And most happily gold, silver, and other precious 
metals, do not, to any great extent, trouble Utah's soil ; or at least, 
the people have not been so unfortunate as to discover them during 
the infancy of their settlements. 

The climate in midsummer is dry and hot : thermometer, during 
the middle of the day, frequently ranging, in the shade from 90 "" to 
105° Fahrenheit ; evenings and mornings generally cool, being re- 
freshed by mountain breezes. The atmosphere is pure and healty, and 
very bracing and invigorating to the system. That dreadful scourge 
the cholera, which as found its way into almost every nook and cor- 
ner of our globe, has not yet been permitted to scale the summit of 
the " everlasting hills," and enter those healthful vales. The win- 
ters are mild. Snow, seldom falling in the valleys but a few inches 
in depth, soon disappears under the warming influences of the bright 
rays of the sun, as they penetrate, without much obstruction, the 
serene, almost cloudless, and rarified atmosphere of that elevated re- 
gion. Spring and autumn are also mild ; though given to more sud- 
den transitions from cold to heat, and from heat to cold, than climates 
of the same latitudes on the Atlantic coast. Vines, vegetables, com, 
&c., are frequently injured by untimely frosts. Winds are exceed- 
ingly variable, shifting almost every day to the four points of the 
compass. Heavy showers are rare, but when they do come, they are 
generally accompanied with thunder and hail, and sometimes with 
strong winds. 

The lowest of these vallies are elevatad more than 4000 feet above 
the sea level ; while the elevation of some of the more southern ones, 
where settlements are formed, is near 6000 feet. The mountains, in 
many places in the immediate vicinity of the settlements, tower up 
in rugged majestic grandeur from 4000 to 7000 feet in perpendicu- 
lar height above the vallies. The summits of these mountains, whit- 
ened with eternal snows, glisten in the sunbeams and exhibit scene- 
ries, of the most dazzling splendor and picturesque beauty, as if 
covered with the glories of heaven, like Sinai of old. 

There are several small tribes, or rather bands of Indians inhabit- 
ing different parts of the territory, who are sunk in the lowest depths 



107 

of darkness, degradation, and misery. These bands wander over the 
territory, often robbing and murdering one another, and stealing when- 
ever they have a favorable opportunity. They live mostly on ber- 
ries, roots, crickets, fish, and such small game as they may be able 
to procure with the bow and arrow. They are almost entirely naked. 
Sometimes, though very rarely, they have tents or wigwams formed 
of the skins of animals ; but most generally they live in caves, or in 
a thick cluster of bushes, without much shelter, except a few limbs 
of small trees, bent down, and loosely covered with branches. Since 
the settlements of the Saints in that territory, their condition is be- 
ing greatly imporved : many are beginning to labour, and thus fur- 
nish themselves with food, and blankets, and in some instances 
with houses which the Saints have erected for them ; although of late, 
through the treacherous, restless, and warlike spirit of Walker, one 
of their principal chiefs, they have been stirred up to hostilities, and 
have committed some depredations; but through the wise and ener- 
getic policy of Governor Young, in placing all the settlements in a 
state of defence, and in giving strict counsel to the Saints to act 
only on the defensive, it is to be hoped that they will soon see their 
folly, and cease their hostilities, and learn that the Saints are their 
friends, and not their enemies. 

The population of Utah numbers from thirty to thirty-five thousand 
and is annually increasing by the emigration of the Saints from the 
different nations of the earth. A chain of settlements have been 
formed extending north and south some 350 miles. Many small 
cities have been founded and incorporated with certain powers and 
privileges by the Legislature. The following are some of the prin- 
cipal villages and cities of the territory, named in the order of their 
succession, commencing on the north : Rrownsville, Ogden, Great 
Salt Lake, Lehi, Provo, Springville, Nephi, Manti, Fillmore, Parovan, 
and Cedar cities. Fillmore city being near the centre of this chain 
of settlements, is appointed as the seat of government, at which place 
the state house is built. Great Salt Lake city is by far the largest 
and most populous in the territory ; it covers an area of several 
square miles, and contains from eight to ten thousand inhabitants. 
The streets are eight rods wide, crossing each other at right angles, 
and running north and south, east and west ; each block contains 
ten acres, and is divided into eight lots, each ten rods wide by twenty 
long, affording an acre and one quarter for a building spot and garden 
to each family. One of these squares was reserved for public build- 
ings, on which a tabernacle has been erected and completed that will 
accommodate about 3,000 persons. A temple also is to be reared 
upon the same, the foundation of which was laid on the 6th of April 
last. This whole block is fast being enclosed by a high wall, encir- 
cling a large public joiners' shop which is to be used in the construc- 
tion of the temple. With common prosperity and the blessings of 



103 

heaven in a few years will be seen a large and magnificent temple, 
witli its towers pointing towards heaven, erected npon that lovelv 
and consecrated spot. There are several other public buildings in 
the city, among which maybe mentioned the Social Hall and Council 
House ; in the latter of which the Legislature have as yet held their 
sessions. 

Great attention is being paid to the erection of school-houses, and 
the education of youth. And it is to be fondly hoped, that the rising 
generation in Utah will be generally and thoroughly educated in 
every useful branch of learning and science. A foundation is being 
laid, broad and deep, to accomplish this most desirable object. It is 
in contemplation to erect a magnihcent University, in which the 
higher departments of science will be extensively taught : that Utah, 
being filled with the knowledge of heaven and earth, may be as a 
great light upon the mountains which shall be seen by the nations 
afar off, and cau:^:e many of them to exclaim, ^' Come, let us arise, 
arid go up unto the mountains of Zion, unto the house of the God of 
Jacob, that we also may be taught in His ways and instructed in 
His paths ; for theie are no people like the inhabitants of Zion, full 
of v>^isdom, knowledge, and power : their laws are founded in justice, 
equity, and truth ; and their officers execute righteousness in the 
land ; peace and salvation are within their borders ; and the Holy 
One of Israel is their strength tor evermore." 

Many good flourishing mills are in operation, and also many saw 
mills. It is the intention of the Saints to establish manufactories of 
various descriptions, and as much as possible produce within them- 
selves, from the raw material, all kinds of useful machinery, cloths, 
domestics, prints, shavvls, hats, leather, pots, kettles, stoves, all kinds 
of farming utensils, hardware, earthenware, tinvrare, chairs, tables, 
bedsteads, sugar, paper, glass, nails, mechanic tools, and every thing 
else which v/ill tend to the peace, comfort, welfare, prosperity, and 
happiness of the territory. Many of these branches of business are 
already in successful operation ; and by proper industry and perse- 
verance, the Saints will not, after a few years, be tlependant on 
foreign nations, or even ihe States, for the necessaries and luxuries 
of life. 

Up to the present time, farmers have found a ready market for all 
then' surplus grain and other productions, through the increased 
number of the Saints which annually pour into the territory, and 
also through the overland California emigration which, for the most 
part, pass through Utah and recruit themselves with a fresh supply 
of provisions. Horses, rnulps, cattle, and sheep, find ready sale in 
California. The great facilities presented for raising stock without 
much expense, will cause that branch of business to be one of the 
most proiitable and lucrative of any in the f ountry. 

It is re(|uired of all the Saints to give one-tenth of all their pro- 



109 

porty xis tUliiiig, which is given into ths hands of the principal 
Bishop or his agents, to be under the control of the First Presidency 
of the Church, for the erection of Church buildings and other public 
v^orks; and also to be applied to whatever object may be considered 
for the benefit of the Saints. The Saints also are required to give 
one-tenth of their annual income as tithing for the same purposes 
as above speciiied. 

Independent of the tithing, another fund has been raised by the 
voluntary donations of the Saints throughout the world, called^ 
" T!ie Perpetual Emigrating Fund." This fund is intended to 
as'ist the poor among the Saints, in gathering out from all nations. 
Those whom the agents assist through the medium of this fund, 
are required- to give a written bond or obligation, that they will 
refund by their labour or otherwise, after they arri\^ in Utah, 
t;r3 amount which has been expended for their benefit. By this 
policy hundreds of the poor are gathered annually, and still the 
fund in the end is not diminished. It now^ amounts to upv^ards of 
thirty thousand dollars, and will, no doubt, through the -liberality 
of the Saints, shortly be SAvelled to tan times that sum. 

The Saints throughout the United States and British provinces 
are required to forward, by letter or otherwise, tlieir tithings to 
me, according to the instructions of the First Presidency, in their 
letter of appointment to me, published in the first No. of the first 
volume of the " Seer." Let all the Saints remember, both rich 
and poor, that the Lord requires them to give the value of one- 
tenth part of all they possess. If any Saint possess ten dollars, 
one dollar of the same is the Lord's ; if he possess ten millions 
of dollars, one million is the Lord's. And let every Saint remem- 
ber that after he has given one-tenth of all he possesses,, he must 
still continue to give each year one-tenth of his income f whether 
such income arises from labour, business, increase of stock, or in 
any other w^ay; one-tenth thereof is the Lord's, and should be 
given to lum every year. How many of the Saints in our field 
of labour are delinquents? How many have failed to comply 
with the word of the Lord in regard to the payment of their 
tithing? Let them remember also, that those whose names are 
not found on the tithing books, as having paid up the full amount 
of their tithing, can in no wise be permitted to enter the holy 
temple and receive their endowments ; those great and holy temple 
ordinances, instituted from before the foundation of the world, as 
the only means by which the Saints can be exalted to the fulness 
of celestial glory, will be withheld from them, until the debt is 
cancelled : it is a debt which you owe the Lord, and it is for 
your good t6 pay it ; as for the faithful servants of God, it mat- 
ters not to the:n whether you pay your tithing or not ; the Church 
can g^ii along without it : it is only for your own good that you 



no 

are exhorted to obey the Lord in this thing, knowing that if you 
fail, you cannot receive the blessing. 

The Book of Mormon' has been translated and published in the 
Danish, German, Italian, French, and Welsh languages : a transla- 
tion also is nearly completed in the native tongue of the Sandwich 
Islands. And instructions have been given to the Missionaries to 
translate it into every language under heaven as fast as time and 
circumstances will permit. The Revelations and Commandments 
have also been translated into several languages, as well as numerous 
other publications of the Church. A periodical, devoted to the doc- 
trine of the Saints, has been published for several years in the Welsh 
language. Elder Stenhouse publishes a monthly periodical in Swit- 
zerland in the French language. The " Deseret News," a semi- 
monthly newspaper, is published in Great Salt Lake City, at 5 dollars 
per annum in advance. The " Millennial Star" was commenced in 
England in 1840; it now has a weekly circulation of about eighteen 
thousand. Besides all these, hundreds of thousands of pamphlets 
have been widely circulated in the British Isles, in Europe, Asia, 
Australia, Pacific Islands, and America, elucidating the doctrines of 
the Saints. 

The Statistical Report of the Church of the Saints in the British 
Islands for the half year ending June 30th, 1853, gives the follow- 
ing total : 53 Conferences, 737 Branches, 40 Seventies, 10 High 
Priests, 2578 Elders, 1854 Priests, 1416 Teachers, 834 Deacons. 
1777 Excommunicated, 274 dead, 1772 Emigrated, 1601 Baptized, 
30,690 Total.. 

In the Society Islands in the spring of 1852, the Saints numbered 
between 1500 and 2000 ; these were scattered over some 20 Islands, 
and were greatly persecuted by the Roman Catholics and the French 
authorities ; many were severely whipped ; large numbers of others 
closely confined ; and others still, threatened with death ; their only 
crime consisted of meeting together for prayer. 

At a Conference, held on the 9th of last March on one of the 
Sandwich Islands, there were represented 18 Missionaries from Utah 
and about 1200 Sai«ts who dwell on different Islands of the group. 
From a letter, dated April 26th, 1853, the work is rapidly progress- 
ing at Honolulu, as many as 39 having been baptized in one day. 
A branch of about 80 newly baptized persons had just been or- 
ganized. 

On the 23rd of July last, the French Mission consisted of 3 Con- 
ferences, 9 Branches, and a total of 337 members, including officers. 

The work in Italy, Switzerland, and Germany is slowly, but 
steadily progressing. In Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, persecu- 
tion rages : the Saints are whipped, imprisoned, and mobbed for 
preaching, praying, and baptizing ; and yet hundreds are constantly 
embrmcing the doctrine. In Asia the work progresses but slowly ; 



Ill 

but as there have been a number of Missionaries lately sent to 
China, Hindoston, East Indies, and Siam, it is likely that we shall, 
before many months, obtain good news from them. At Malta many 
have been baptized, and the truth is spreading. Baptisms have 
commenced at Gibraltar, and at the Cape of Good Hope some are 
investigating the fulness of the Gospel. 

A large company of Danish Saints have already emigrated to 
Utah. A few German Saints left Hamburgh the 13th of August, on 
their way to Salt Lake. 

A few are being baptized into the Church in several of the States, 
and in the British Provinces. 

A large colony of the Saints is founded in Southern California 
under the Presidency of Amasa Lyman and Charles C. Rich, two of 
the Twelve. 

I shall not attempt, in this short epistle, to give one hundredth 
part of the interesting news which begins lo pour in from all nations 
wherever the Latter-day Saint Missionaries are sent. Surely the 
Gospel will soon be preached as a witness to all the world prepara- 
tory to the coming of our Lord. What are the Saints in the United 
States doing ? Are they asleep ? Have their lamps gone out ? I 
marvel at the apparent drowsiness and lethargy that seem to hang 
heavily over some of them. But this is not to be wondered at ; for 
many that have had means, have neglected the great command of 
God to gather with His people ; such can no more enjoy the spirit of 
this work and the approbation of heaven, than the wicked, ungodly 
sects with whom they are surrounded. God will not give them His 
Spirit until they manifest a sincere and humble repentance of their 
disobedience, by gathering ; let such beware, lest in an hour they 
think not, the wrath of God shall fall heavily upon them, and they 
perish in their sins. God is not to be mocked in this dispensation 
by those who profess His name. They will go forward in obedience, 
to every command, or go backward in coldness and apostacy. And, 
oh ! how awful is the condition of them who apostatize from this 
Church ! far better would it have been for them, if they had never 
been born, for they are to be cursed with the heaviest^ of all cursings, 
because they sin against so great light. 

For the prosperity of the work, I would suggest that each Branch 
raise a subscrtption for the purpose of procuring quantities of the 
various tracts which we have on hand, and which can be circulated 
by lending them through their respective neighbourhoods, and thus 
many may be brought to the knowledge of the truth. This plan has 
been adopted with great success in England, and in other parts of 
the world. In England tract distributors go round once a week, col- 
lecting such tracts as have been formerly left, and leaving others in 
their stead ; in this manner tens of thousands learn the truth, that 
would otherwise remain ignorant. 



112 

Every Elder and Priest should diligently seek to open new doors 
for preaching, and labour with all patience with the inhabitants, 
endeavouring to persuade them to repentance : it may be that some 
few will repent, before God shall visit the nation, according to that 
which is decreed against them in the Book of Mormon and other 
revelations. At any rate, it is necessary that you should faithfully 
discharge every duty in relation to them, that your garments may 
be clean in the day of visitation, and that the sins of the people 
may be upon their own heads. 

Brethren of the Priesthood, keep yourselves pure and unspotted 
before God ; and if you know of any man in the Church, who al- 
ready has a wife, seeking to enter into covenant with any other 
female, know assuredly that he has transgressed, and unless he re- 
pent, let him be cut off from the Church. 

Have nothing to do with those persons who deal with familiar 
spirits, under the names of " Mesmerism," " Electro Biology," 
^' Spirit Rappings," " Table Movings," " Writing Mediums," &c. ; 
for they will darken your minds, and bring you to destruction ; they 
are the spirits of darkness let loose on this generation because of 
their wickedness ; and they will increase more and more upon the 
earth until the coming of Christ, as the Scriptures predict. 

The Saints should take with them every variety of choice garden 
seeds ; and the seeds of all kinds of good fruits ; and also the ches- 
nut, hickorynut, black w^alnut, butternut, and various other kinds of 
nuts. Among other things, do not forget the different kinds of the 
best grass and clover seed. The seeds of the various kinds of useful 
herbs should be remembered. And, finally, every thing in the vege- 
table department that would be useful for food or medicine, or that 
would please the eye, the taste, or the smell, or adorn and beautify 
your habitations, your gardens, or your fields, should be taken along 
and planted in the soil of Utah. 

Supply yourself plentifully with every variety of useful school 
books for your children, together with historical and scientific works 
of every description ; but leave novels and fictitious works behind to 
satisfy the perverted appetites of the children of darkness, whose 
souls delight in lies and fiction, far above the great truths of heaven. 

Let the Elders and officers preach faith, repentance, baptism, and 
the first principles of the Gospel, and such doctrines as are plain and 
easy to be understood ; and if the people wish to learn the deep 
mysteries of the kingdom, let them embrace the Gospel and go up 
unto the mountain of the Lord's house. If they wish to learn the 
particulars of Celestial Marriage, baptism for the dead, and such like 
doctrines, refer them to our printed works where they can read these 
things at their leisure. Remember that you have not time to preach 
and explain all these things to the people ; for God has sent you to 
preach repentance and the first principles of salvation, and if man- 



lis 

kind will not receive these things, the greater things will be of no 
beneiit to them. There may be times when you will have to defend 
yourselves against the attacks of wicked men on these points ; do^at 
such timea, as wisdom shall direct, and be sure to connect your de- 
fence with such plain principles of doctrine as shall be likely to do 
the people good. Wise servants will follow good and wise counsels, 
and will preach by the gift and power of the Holy Ghost ; but those 
who give no heed, will preach their own folly l3oth in precept and 
example. 

The attention of the Saints is called to the list of Latter-day Saint 
publications, furnished in the Catalogue which has been forwarded to 
them. The Saints should liberally supply themselves and their chil- 
dren with copies of each of these works ; for they will be worth 
more to them than gold, or silver, or the rich treasures of the earth. 
The Saints frequently transgress through ignorance ; and this igno- 
rance arises from a neglect to procure ancl read the Church publica- 
tions; such ignorance is inexcusable; and such transgressions will, 
if not repented of, be punished. 

The signs of the tunes are portentous, and clearly indicate the 
approaching downfal of the nations, and the overturning of king- 
doms, empires, and republics, preparatory to the coming of Christ, 
and his personal reign on the earth. Every individual, therefore, of 
the Saints should be awake to perform quickly and in righteousness 
every duty required of him. 

Among other things, there are many of the Saints who give no 
heed, in the least, to what God has said in a revelation, entitled, 
"The Word of Wisdom;" they treat it with perfect indifference ; 
yea, worse, some even boast of their disobedience to this advice, and 
almost laugh at those who attempt to obey it. Poor creatures ! the 
day will come when they will mourn and lament, and that too, when 
it is too late to retrieve an ill-spent life : when the destroying angel 
will teach them that every word of God means something, and that 
none of his sayings can be neglected with impunity. There must be 
a great reformation among all the Saints in regard to this thing, as 
well as many others, before they can expect to enjoy many of the 
great blessings of the last days. 

There are others, who call themselves Saints, who neither pray in 
their families nor in secret, but are as cold as the northern blast, in 
regard to their duties towards God, towards their families, and to* 
wards the Church. Such had far better be out of the Church than in 
it ; for God will spue them out of his mouth, as corrupt fruit which 
has lost its flavour. 

There are others, whose names are enrolled among the Saints, who 
think more of their property than they do of salvation. Such say in 
their hearts, " We will wait a while before we gather up to Utah ; it 
may be that the Saints will be driven again, and wc shall lose our 



114 

property if we go. We can tell better how things will be in a few 
years to come, and if we think our property will be safe, we will ven- 
ture up." Woe unto such, for unless they speedily repent, they shall 
perish and their property with them. Such covetous hypocrites are 
not worthy of the kingdom of God, or any of its blessings, but they 
will go down to hell to keep company with the rich man, instead of 
being gathered into Abraham's bosom with poor Lazarus. The 
Saints must learn one lesson, namely, that all who desire to enter the 
kingdom of God must be willing to sacrifice all things for the sake 
thereof; and he that is not willing to do this will surely fail, and his 
hopes will wither away, and perish. 

Finally, dear brethren, let me exhort you, with all the earnestness 
of an humble servant of God, who is deeply interested for your sal- 
vation, to refrain from every evil— to be examples of righteousness 
before Samts and sinners. Read ^he Book of Mormon, and the reve- 
lations and prophecies given through the Prophet Joseph, and obey 
the same. Give the most earnest heed to the counsels of the First 
Presidency — to the Twelve, and to all the faithful authorities of the 
Church. Use every exertion to flee out from the corruptions of the 
Gentiles, and to obtain for yourselves an everlasting inheritance 
among the people of God ; for the day of the wicked is far spent — 
their sun will soon go down in the midst of clouds and thick dark- 
ness — a long and dreary night awaits them ; but upon such as fear 
the Lord, and keep His commandments, the sun of righteousness will 
arise, and their day will be glorious ; for their sun shall no more go 
down ; and God will be unto them an everlasting light, which shall 
shine for evermore. 

With the most earnest desire for your salvation, both temporally 
and spiritually, I subscribe myself your most humble servant in the 
kingdom of God, 

ORSON PRATT. 

Washington, D. C, 

October 1st, 1853. 



A SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF SIDNEY RIGDON. 

[from the "millennial star."] 

Sidney S. Rigdon was born in Saint Clair township, Alleghany 
county, State of Pennsylvania, on the 19th of February, A.D. 1793, 
and was the youngest son of William and Nancy Rigdon. William 
Rigdon, his father, was a native of Hartford county. State of Mary- 
land, was born A.D. 1743, and died May 26th, A.D. 1810, in the 
62nd year of his age. William Rigdon was the son of Thomas 
Baker and Ann Lucy Rigdon. Thomas Baker Rigdon was a native 



115 

of the State of Maryland, and was the son of Thomas Baker Rig- 
don, who came from Great Britain. 

Nothing very remarkable took place in the youthful days of Elder 
Rigdon ; suffice it to say, that he continued at home with his parents, 
following the occupation of a farmer, until he was seventeen years 
of age, when his father died ; alter which event, he continued on the 
same farm with his mother, until he was twenty-six years of age. 
In his twenty-fifth year, he connected himself with a society, which 
in that country was called " Regular Baptists." The Church he 
united with was at that time under the charge of the Rev. David 
Phillips, a clergyman from Wales. The year following, he left the 
farm, and went to reside with the Rev. Andrew Clark, a minister of 
the same order. During his continuance with him, he received a 
License to preach in that society, and commenced from that time to 
preach, and returned to farming occupations no more. This was in 
March, 1819. 

In the month of May of the same year, he left the State of Penn- 
sylvania and went to Trumball county. State of Ohio, and took up 
his residence at the house of Adamson Bentley, a preacher of the 
same faith. This was in July of the same year. While there, he 
became acquainted with Phebe Brook, to whom he was married on 
the 12th of June, A.D. 1820. She was a native of the State of New 
Jersey, Bridgetown, Cumberland county, and had previously removed 
to Trumball county, Ohio. 

After his marriage, he continued to preach in that district of coun- 
try until November, 1821, when he was requested by the First Bap- 
tist Church of the city of Pittsburgh, to take the pastoral charge of 
said church, which invitation he accepted, and in February, A.D. 
1822, he left Warren, Trumball county, and removed to that city 
and entered immediately upon his pastoral duties, and continued to 
preach to that church with considerable success. At the time he 
commenced his labours in that church, and for some time before, the 
church was in a very low state, and much confusion existed in conse- 
quence of the conduct of their former pastor. However, soon after 
Elder Rigdon commenced his labours, there was a pleasing change 
effected ; for, by his incessant labours and his peculiar style of 
preaching, the church was crowded with anxious listeners. The 
number of members rapidly increased, and it soon became one of the 
most respectable churches in that city. 

He was now a popular minister, and was much respected in that 
city, and all classes and persuasions sought his society. After he had 
been in that place some time, his mind was troubled and much per- 
plexed with the idea that the doctrines maintained by that society 
were not altogether in accordance with the Scriptures. This thing 
continued to agitate his mind more and more, and his reflections on 
these occasions were peculiarly trying ; for, according to his views of 



116 

the Word of God, no other church with whom he could associate, or 
that he was acquainted with, was right ; consequently, if he was to 
disavow the doctrine of the church with whom he was then associ- 
ated, he knew of no other way of obtaining a livelihood, except by 
mental labour, and at that time had a wife and three children to 
support. 

On the one hand was w ealth, popularity, and honour, on the other 
appeared nothing but poverty and hard labour. 

After mature deliberation, deep reflection, and solemn prayer to his 
heavenly Fatlier, the resolve was made, and the important step was 
taken; and in the month of August, A.D. 1824, after labouring 
among that people two years and six months, he made knowu his 
determ.ination to withdraw from the ckurch, as he could no longer up- 
hold the doctrines taught and maintained by it. This announcement 
was like a clap of thunder — amazement seized the congregation, 
which was then collected, which at last gave way in a flood of tears. 

Having now retired from the ministry, and having no way by 
which to sustain his family, besides his own industry, he was neces- 
sitated to find other employment in order to provide for his mainte- 
nance, and for this purpose he engaged in the humble capacity of a 
journeyman tanner in that city, and followed his new employment, 
without murmuring, lor two years, during which time he both savf 
and experienced, that by resigning his pastoral vocations in that city, 
and engaging in the humble occupation of a tanner, he had lost many 
who once professed the greatest friendship, and who manifested the 
greatest love for his society — that when he was seen by them in the 
garb suited to the employment of a tanner, there was no longer that 
freedom, courtesy, and friendship manifested— that many of his for- 
mer friends became estranged and looked upon him with coolness 
and indifference — too obvious to admit of deception. 

After labouring for two years as a tanner, he rernoved to Bain- 
bridge, Geauga county, Ohio, where it was known that he had been 
a preacher, and had gained considerable distinction as a public 
speaker; and the people soliciting him to preach, he complied with 
their request. From this time iorward, he devoted himself to the 
v/ork oi the ministry, confining himself to no creed, but held up the 
Bible as the rule of faith, and advocating those doctrines which had 
been the subject of his and Mr. Campbeli's investigations, viz., re- 
pentance and baptism for the remission of sins. 

He continued to labour in that vicinity one year, and duiing that 
time his former success attended Ids labours. Large numbers inva- 
riably attended his meetings. While he laboured in that neighbour- 
hood, he was instrumental in building up a birge and respectable 
church in the town of Mantua, Portage county, Ohio. 

After labouring in that neighbourhood one year, he received a very 
■pressing irtvitation to remove to the town of Mentor, in the same 



117 

counlv, about thirty miles from Bainbridge, and within a. few miles 
irom Lake Erie, which he sometime afterwards compHed with. The 
.persons by whom he was more particularly requested to move to that 
])lace were the remnants of a Baptist church which was nearly broken 
up, the members of which had become attached to the doctrines pro- 
mulgated by Elder Rigdon. 

The town of Mentor was settled by wealthy and enterprising indi- 
viduals, who had, by their industry and good management, made that 
tovi^nshi]) one of the most delightful in that country, or probably in 
the Western Reserve. In that beautiful location he took up his re- 
sidence, and immediately commenced his labours, with that zeal and 
assiduity which hud formerly characterized him. 

His fame as an orator and creep reasoner in the Scriptures conti- 
nued to spread far and wide^ and he soon gained a popularity and an 
elevation which has fallen to the lot but of few; consequently thou- 
sands fldtked to hear his eloquent discourses. 

When it was known where he was going to preach, there might be 
seen, long before the appointed time, persons of all classes, sects, and 
denominations, flocking, like daves to their windows, from a consi- 
derable distance. The humble pedestrian,' and the rich in tlieir 
splendid equipages, miaht be seen crowding the roads. 

The churchcKS in the different places where he preached, were now 
no longer large enough to contain the vast assemblies which congre- 
gated irom time to time, so that he had to repair to the wide-spread 
canopy of heaven; and in the woods and in the groves he addressed 
the multitudes vvhich flocked to hear him, — nor was his ]:)reaching in 
vain. It was not empty sound that so closely engaged the attention 
of his audiences, and v^ith which they were so deeply interested ; but 
it was the truths which were imparted, the intelligence which was 
conveyed, and the duties w^hich were enforced. 

He was now a welcome visitor wherever he travelled ; his society 
was courted by the learned and intelligent, and the highest enco- 
miums were bestowed upon him for his biblical lore, and his elo- 
quence. 

The work of the ministry engaged all his time and a'tention; he 
felt deeply for the salvation of his fellow-man, and for the attainment 
of vvhich he laboured with unceasing diligence. 

During this state of unexampled success, the prospect of wealth 
and affluence was fairly opened before him; but he looked upon it 
with indifference, and made every thing subservient to the promotion 
of correct principles ; and having food and raiment, he learned there- 
with to be content. As a proof of this, his family were in no better 
circumstances, and made no greater appearance in the world, than 
when he laboured at the occupation of tanning. His family con- 
sisted of his wife and six children, and lived in a very small, unfi- 
nished fVamj house, hardly capable of making a family comfortable ; 



118 

which affords a clear proof that his affections were not set upon 
things of a worldly nature or secular aggrandisement. 

After he had laboured in that vicinity some time, and having re- 
ceived but little pecuniary aid, the members of the church which he 
had built up, held a meeting to take his circumstances into consider- 
ation, and provide for his wants, and place him in a situation suitable 
to the high and important office which he sustained in the church. 
They resolved upon erecting him a suitable residence, where he could 
make his family comfortable, and accommodate his numerous friends 
who visited him. A committee was appointed to make a purchase of 
land, and to erect such buildings as were necessary. The committee 
soon made a purchase of a farm, in a beautiful situation in that town- 
ship ; made contracts for erecting a suitable dwelling-house, stable, 
barn, &c., and soon made a commencement on the house, and had a 
quantity of the building materials on the spot. He being held in the 
highest respect by that people, they entered upon the work with 
pleasure, and seemed to vie with each other in their labours of love, 
believing it a duty to make their beloved pastor and his family com- 
fortable. His prospects with regard to temporal things were now 
brighter than they ever had been, and he felt happy in the midst of a 
people who had every disposition to promote his welfare. 

tinder these pleasing circumstances, and enjoying this full tide of 
prosperity, he hardly thought that, for his attachment to truth, he 
would see the prospect blasted, and himself and family reduced to a 
humble situation than before. 

At this time, it being at the fall of a. d. 1830, Elders Parley P. 
Pratt, Ziba Peterson, Oliver Cowdery, and Peter Whitmer, called at 
that town, on their way to the western boundary of the State of Mis- 
souri, testifying to the truth of the** Book of Mormon," and that 
the Lord had raised up a Prophet, and restored the Priesthood. Pre- 
vious to this, Elder Parley P. Pratt had been a Preacher in the same 
church as Elder Rigdon and resided in the town of Amherst, Lorraine 
country, in that State, and had been sent into the State of New York 
on a mission, where he became acquainted with circumstances of the 
coming forth of the Book of Mormon, and was introduced to Joseph 
Smith, jun., and others of the Church of Latter-day Saints. After 
listening to the Testimony of the ** witnesses," and reading the " Book," 
he became convinced that it was of God, and that the principles which 
they taught, were the principles of truth. He was then baptized, and 
shortly after was ordained an Elder, and began to preach, and from 
that time became a strenuous advocate of the truth. 

Believing there were many in the Church with whom he had for- 
merly been united, who were honest seekers after truth, induced him 
while on the journey to the west, to call upon his friends, and make 
known the great things which the Lord had brought to pass. The 
first house at which they called was Elder Rigdon's, and after the 



119 

usual salutations, presented him with the Book of Mormon, stating 
that it was a revelation from God. This being the first time he had 
ever heard of, or seen, the Book of Mormon, he felt very much pre- 
judiced at the assertion, and replied, that he had one Bible which he 
believed was a revelation from God, and with which he pretended to 
have some acquaintance ; but with respect to the book they had pre- 
sented him, he must say that he had considerable doubt. Upon which 
they expressed a desire to investigate the subject, and argue the mat- 
ter; but he replied, ** no, young gentlemen, you must not argue with 
me on the subject ; but I will read your book, and see what claim it 
has upon my faith, and will endeavour to ascertain whether it be a re- 
velation from God or not.'* After some further conversation on the 
subject, they expressed a desire to lay the subject before the people, 
and requested the privilege of preaching to Elder Rigdon*s church, to 
which he readily consented. The appointment was accordingly pub- 
lished, and a large and respectable congregation assembled. Oliver 
Cowdery and Parley P. Pratt severally addressed the meeting. At 
the conclusion. Elder Rigdon arose, and stated to the congregation, 
that the information they had that evening received, was of an extra- 
ordinary character, and certainly demanded their most serious con- 
sideration ; and as the Apostle advised his brethren ** to prove all 
things, and hold fast that which is good," so he would exhort his bre- 
thren to do likewise, and give the matter a careful investigation, and 
not turn against it without being fully convinced of its being an im- 
position, lest they should, possibly, resist the truth. 

After the meeting broke up, the brethren returned home with Elder 
Rigdon, and conversed upon the important things which they had 
proclaimed. He informed them that he should read the Book of 
Mormon, give it a full investigation, and then would frankly tell them 
his mind and feelings on the subject — told them they were welcome 
to abide at his house until he had opportunity of reading it. 

About two miles from Elder Rigdon's, at the town of Kirtland, 
were a number of the members of his church, who lived together 
and had all things in common — from which circumstance has risen 
the idea that this was the case with the church of Jesus Christ — to 
which place they immediately repaired and proclaimed the Gospel to 
them, with some considerable success ; for their testimony was re- 
ceived by many of the people, and seventeen came forward in obedi- 
ence to the Gospel. 

While thus engaged, they visited Elder Rigdon occasionally, and 
found him very earnestly engaged in reading the Book of M ormon, 
— praying to the Lord for direction, and meditating on the things he 
heard and read ; and after a fortnight from the time the book was 
put in his hands, he was fully convinced of the truth of the work, 
by a revelation from Jesus Christ, which was made known to him in 
a remarkable manner, so that he could exclaim, ** flesh and blood 
hath not revealed it unto me, but my Father which is in heaven.** 



120 

Being now fully satisfied in his own mind of the truth of the v/ork 
and the necessity of obedience thereto, he informed his wife of the 
same, and was happy to find that she was not only diligently inves- 
tigating the subject, but was believing with all her heart, and was 
desirous of obeying the truth, which, undoubtedly, was a great satis- 
faction to his mind. 

The consequence of obeying the truth, and embracing a system of 
religion so unpopular as that of the Church o^, Jesus Christ, pre- 
sented itself in the strongest possible light. 

At };resent, the honours and applause of the world were shower- 
ed down upon him, his wants we;e abundantly supplied and antici- 
pated, lie was respected by the entire ccmmuni*^y, and his name 
was a tower of strenf^th. His counsel was sought for, respected, 
and esteemed. But \l' he should unite with the Church of Christ, 
his prospects of wealth and affluence would vanish; his fanjily, de- 
pendent upon him for support, must necessarily share his humiiiatioji 
and poverty. He was aware that his character and his reputation 
must sufler in the esiimation of the community. 

Aware of all things, there must have been feelings of no ordinary 
kind agitate his bosom at that particular crisis ; but yet they did not 
deter him from the path of duty. He had formerly made a sacrifice 
ibr truth on conscience' sake, and h;id been sustained ; consequent- 
ly, he felt great confidence in the Lord, believing that if he pursued 
the path of duty, no good thing would be withheld from him." 

Although he telt great confidence in the Lord, yet he felt it a trial 
of some magnitude, when he avowed his determination to his be- 
loved companion, who had before shared in his poverty, and who had 
cheertully struggled through it without murmuring or repining. He 
inlbrmed her what the consequences would undoubtedly b^, respect- 
ing their worldly circumstances, if they obey the Gospel ; and then 
said — " My dear, you have once followed me int.o poverty, are you 
again willing to the same?" She th^ n said — '* 1 have weighed the 
matter, I have contemplated on the circumstances in which we may 
be placed, I have counted the cost, and I am perfectly satisfied to 
follow you ; it is my desire to do the will of God, come life or come 
death." Accordingly, they were both baptized into the Church of 
Jesus Christ ; and, together with those who had been previously ad- 
mitted to baptism, made a little Branch, in this section of Ohio, of 
about twenty members, to whom the brethren, bound for the borders 
of the Lamanites, after adding to their number one of their converts. 
Dr. Frederick G. Williams, bid an ad'ectionate farewell, and went on 
their way rejoicing. 



Price Sixpence. 
Edited and Published by A. Famliam, Sydney. 



THE ZIOiN'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

IN SYDNEY. 



" HE THAT EEADETH LET HIM UNDERSTAND." 



Nos. 16-17. SATURDAY, AUGUST, 5, 1854. Vol.1. 



QUARTERLY CONFERENCE OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS 
" CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS, HELD IN THE OLD 

ASSEMBLY ROOM, KING STREET EAST, SYDNEY, ON 

SUNDAY, JULY 2nd, 1854. 
The mee,tiug having been opened by singing and prayer Elder 
Augustus Farnham was appointed President of the Conference, and 
Elder John Jones Clerk. 

PRESENT — 

A. Farnham, President of the Australasian Mission, and his first 
Counsellor, Elder J. W. Fleming. 

Travelling Elders, J. S. Eldridge, John McCarthy. 

President of the Sydney Branch, Elder Jolm Jones, and his Coun- 
sel, EUlers William Robb and Robert Evans. 

President Farnham arose and said, that after being absent for some 
time, it gave him great pleasure to appear before them, more especi- 
ally so, as they were met to transact important business, pertaining 
to the kingdom of God; tliis business has reference to time and 
eternity— that which we do in this life will effect us in the future — 
our salvation depends upon our acts in this life. 

We have a name and a place in the most important dispensation 
ever committed to man, and we are met to transact the business of 
this dispensation, therefore it is becoming, that we should be one on 
this most important matter, for it is the business of the true and liv- 
ing God. This dispensation has been revealed in these last days, by 
the ministration of angels ; I know this to be true, if it was not for 
this knowledge I would not have been here. 

Brethren, how shall we know that we are in the church of God, 
without the spirit of God, which can only be received by the laying 
on of the hands of the servants of the Lord. There being few present 
is no evidence that it is not the Church of God. 

W^e cannot suppose that all the honest in heart are present, for 
they are mixed among all nations, on this account the prophet said, 
that the gospel was to l3e preached to ail nations, kindreds, tongues, 
and people ; the holy spirit leads such to receive the gospel — thus it 
is that the servants of the Lord are sent forth to the nations of the 



122 

earth, proclaiming the message of life and salvation ; these messengers 
have come to this land, and some of tlie honest in heart have been 
brought in. 

Brethren, are you giving heed to the teachings you are receiving 
from these servants of the Lord ; do we understand and give heed to 
that which was done for us in the life, death, and resurrection of Christ ; 
do we profit thereby, that we may come forth in the morning of 
the first resurrection. 

I am not chastising, the spirit of chastisement is not upon me, my 
feelings are to bless you, for the cause has never been in so good a 
condition as at present ; there never was that love and oneness among 
the saints that now exists. Breathren, continue so and still go for- 
ward, keeping close to your file leader, that when you go home to 
Zion, you may be blessed and lead on until you get into the presence 
of your Father. May you be kept faithful, so that when He shall 
come to make up the number of His Jewels you may be found among 
them. — Amen. 

The destroyer is upon the face of the earth, the more the spirit of 
God is spread abroad, the more he exerts himself to make an inroad 
into the church, but if the saints keep the spirit of the Lord in their 
midst they will banish him, they can only do so by cultivating feelings 
of love and oneness. Amen. 

The usual votes for sustaining with confidence and faith all the 
authorities of the church in this land, in Zion, and throughout the 
world ; were then passed unanimously. 

The work is rolling forth as fast as can be expected ; there have 
been upwards of 60 added to the church during the past quarter, and 
they to all appearance are faithful Saints, ready to listen to and obey 
counsel. 

Elder J. W. Fleming then addressed the Meeting, saying, Bre- 
thren and Sisters ; I stand before you with feelings of deep interest 
for the building up of the church and kingdom of God on the earth 
as it has been organized in these days ; my heart has been made to 
rejoice in the things that has been brought before us. The Pre- 
sident said that he did not chastise, for this I am thankful. It does 
my heart good, because he has been absent, during which time the 
charge of this people has rested on Elder Jones and myself. He has 
returned again bringing with him the spirit of God, and finds the 
same in our midst ; we come together full of the spirit, united, and the 
spirit of the Lord in our midst makes our hearts to rejoice. 

Brethren,! know that this work is true^ that God has set his hand 
a second time to recover the remnant of His people. He has sent 
His angel with the everlasting Gospel, and has commanded His ser- 
vants to go forth and preach it to all people, and has given a com- 
mandment that all his Saints are to gather out of Babylon. He has 
began the work of restoration and will carry it forth until he accom- 
plishes His purpose. 

It is true, as the President remarked, that this work is not to be 



123 

trifled with, it would be better that a man should lose his right hand 
than that it should be lifted against this kingdom. So with James 
Farker, who has been cut off this day, better that this should have 
happened unto him, than to have acted in the manner that he has, to 
have the hands of this people raised against him. That wliich men 
do in opposition to the Gospel is not against us, but against God. 
We do not leave our homes to be trifled with, if we had not been sent 
by direct revelation we should not have come, and it is now as it was 
in the days of Christ, who said to the Jews in His, days fill up the 
measure of your Fathers. These words were spoken to the Scribes 
and Pharasees; they were not called by revelation, had no authority 
to teach the people. When the servants of God came, called by re- 
velation they rejected them as their fathers did the prophets, and as 
their fathers slayed the prophets, so did the Jews fill up the measure 
of their fathers, by rejecting the revelations of God, brought in by 
Jesus Christ, and putting him and His apostles to death. So this 
generation are filling up the measure of their fathers, by rejecting 
the revelations of God given to the prophet Joseph Smith in this age 
of the world, and by dispising and persecuting the Saints, shedding 
their blood and that of the prophets also. If they will, let them go 
on and fill up the measure of their fathers. 

No sooner do the servants of God appear among the people, than 
the hireling Priests of these days cry out as did the Scribes and Phara- 
sees of old, " What sign showestthou." Now these men pretend to 
teach the people the way of salvation, 1 would like to know where 
they get their authority from ? Is it from the Bible ? if so let them 
point out chapter and verse. The Bible says no man taketh this 
honor on himself but he that is called of God, as Aaron was ; Aaron 
was named by the Lord unto Moses, Where are the names of these 
modern priests. If they have authority, and it is not revealed in the 
Bible, when and where did they get their revelation. This genera- 
tion does not believe in revelation, therefore they can have no au- 
thority, this is not according to the declaration of the Saviour, who 
said that, " upon this Rock, — f Revelation) I will build my church. 

They, like those of old, reject the servants of the Lord who have 
been called by name as Aaron was, and that by the Revelations of 
God given in these days, drive the saints out of their midst. This 
is not doing as the Saviour instructed, Who said " As ye would that 
others should do unto you, so do ye unto them," our object is to show 
them their error and to lead them in the ways of truth, and righ- 
teousness, I will tell you what they are doing '^ They are filling up 
the measure of their fathers. 

AVhen revelation and authority from heaven comes to the earth you 
will find that it always produces the same effect. We have the old 
revelation which tells us they were not good men who rejected reve- 
lation ; Christ said, I thank thee, O Father, that thou hast hid these 
things from the wise and prudent, and revealed them unto babes. 
In His prayer he prayed for them that the father had given him out of 



124 

tlie world, they refused and rejected liim, and the revelations given 
to' him. So it was in the days of Noah, also when the angels visited 
Lot, the people rose to moh them. 

And what is this generation doing, they say that God gives no 
more revelation. We say that God has given revelation, restoring 
i\\Q everlasting Gospel. He has brought to light the Book of Mormon. 
But what does this generation know about it. Isa. has truly described 
their condition when he said, " And it shall be as with the people so 
with the priest ; as with the servant so with his master ; as with the 
maid so with her mistress ; as with the buyer so with the seller ; as 
with the lender so with the borrower, as with the taker of usury, 
so with the giver of usury unto him. They are like the man in the 
days of King David, who on a certain occasion said to Joab let me 
i-un and tell the king ; Joab said run, and when he came into the 
presence of the king he cried out Tidings my Lord ! tidings my 
Lord ! but he knew nothing of the matter; so it is with the priests of 
this day they run to the people without being sent, and cry tidings, tid- 
ings, but not a word of tidings have they got, they have not received 
one word for upwards of 17 Centuries. What tidings have they in 
reference to the present aspect of affairs, do they know who is right 
and who is wrong, when they are to go to war, and in what way and 
manner they are to act in the Avar, not one word of tidings have they 
for this people on this or any other subject, and because they have no 
tidings themselves they deny that any has been received by others, 
and like their fathers they reject, the message anddispise its bearers, 
thus they fill up the measure of their fatliers, &c. 

Conference adjourned imtil 3 r. m. Meeting was dismissed by sing- 
ing and benediction. 

Conference met pursuant to adjournment at 3 p. m. Meeting opened 
by singing and prayer, when the sacrament was administered, Elder 
J. Jones addressed the Meeting for a short time, the remainder be- 
ing occupied by the Saints in testimony. The spirit of the Lord be- 
ing in our midst, our hearts wei'e made to rejoice in the mercies of 
Lsrael's God. There ware oidaincd one Elder and one Priest. 

The Meeting v^^as adjourned until 7 p. m. Meeting was dismissed 
by Singing and Benediction. 

Conference met at 7 p. m. fleeting opened by singing and prayer. 

President Farnhara addressed the Meeting on the falling away 
of the Primitive Church, and the restoration of the Gospel in the 
last days. 

Conference adjourned to the first Sunday in October. 

Meeting dismissed by singing and benediction. 

A. FARNHAM, President. 



Anginal Corrr^ponSeHcr* 

Elder Fleming, Taraar, 18th June, 1854. 

Dear Brother, I had intended to have testified to the truth of 



125 

this Gospel and to have read a small portion of my childrens' letter, 
but the time being occupied I could not do it. 1 hereby send you 
a few lines copied from the letter. 

When do you think of leaving Babylon and come to Zion, let the 
time not be far distant, 1 feel that if you do not take the first oppor- 
tunity that offers, you will either not come, or it will be in much sor- 
row and mourning. 

I am glad, Tom and Arthur are glad, that we are in Zion, in the 
city where the Prophet of God dwells, here is manifested the pov^er 
of God. I feel thankful that we have the priviledge of hearing Brig- 
ham tell us the mind and will of God, Ave now cannot feel sorrow 
that we did not live in the days when the Prophets of old revealed the 
will of God, no, for we are favoured as mucli as they were. 

Yours truly, THOS. C. STAYNER. 

I hereby bear my humble testimony to the truth of the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ, as propagated by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
day Saints. I say in the name of the Great God of Heaven, who is 
the Great Jehovah and God of Israel, and in the name of his Son, 
Jesus Christ of Nazareth, that this work is true, that many things 
have been indicated to me, independent of the works published by the 
Church, that any honest, candid man, who reads the publications 
with a prayerful heart, must be convinced of the truthfulness ol the 
same. I have experienced many blessings since I joined the Church, 
now three years and ten months, during which time I have made 
seven passages between England and Sydney; never had I felt 
before so happy, comfortable and safe. People who have their doubts 
about the truth of this Gospel, their reading the discourse of Presi- 
dent Young's, published in the ''Empire" of the 17th June, 1854, 
w^ould greatly assist in eradicating those doubts. 

Furthermore, in a letter from my children, dated at the Great Salt 
Lake City, 28th October, 1853, wherein tliey certify that they have 
now the knowledge for themselves that they are living in a city 
where a Prophet of God dwells. I feel to say that I would not 
relinquish my belief in the Church of Latter-day Saints for all the 
treasures in the vvorld, and if I remain faithful and steadfast to the 
end, I feel sure of attaining to a Celestial Glory in the Kingdom of 
Heaven. 

My dear and beloved wife and partner in life joins me in tlie 
above testimony with all her heart. 

Thos. C. Stayner. 

Sydney, June 18th, 1854. 



Eairact of a Letter from Elder Long to Elder Luke Syphics^ dated 
Utuh Territory^ January btk, 1854. 



Dear and Beloved Beothee, 

I received your letter of November 16, 1853, the contents of whi-ch 



12Ci 

caused me to be exceedingly glad. On the same day I left the city, 
having, in connexion with ninety others, been called to go nn a 
mission, to establish a settlement in the place where we now are. 
It is situate about 120 miles south east of the city. We had to fit 
ourselves out, every two furnishing between them one waggon, one 
plough, two yoke of cattle or oxen, one miich cow, and one beef ox, 
600 lbs. of flour, bedding and cooking utensils, clothing and other 
provisions, sufficient for one year ; by that time, if prospered, we 
shall have raised a crop, for we have seeds of wheat, oats, potatoes, 
and various other kinds. Since our arrival in this place we have 
built a fort ; we are^ as it were, under military orders for the present, 
having our guns and ammunition on hand. 

We are making the necessary preparations for farming. There is 
plenty of grass and meadow lands to sustain our animals ; plenty of 
fire-wood and timber close by; also, good soil for cultivation. 

We are learning the Indian language, for the ultimate object of 
our mission is to preach the Gospel to them. 

At the April Conference, 1852, I was ordained to the office of a 
seventy and joined the 28rd quorum. 

I am glad that a spirit of enterprise and a love of the truth is 
dwelling within you. May the Lord God bless and prosper you, and 
enable you to progress in light and truth, that you may comprehend 
his designs with respect to the inhabitants of the earth, 

I am enjoying good health and feel all right. 

I have learned by a letter from Augustus Farnham, dated Sydney, 
August 14, 1853, which has been published in the " Deseret News," 
that he held a Conference in Sydney on the 3rd of the same month; 
that the Saints numbered 102, there being one branch at Sydney, one 
at Williams River, one at Melbourne, and it was expected that one 
would be organized at Clarence River, and another at Adelaide. 

I would advise you to try to find and join them if you can, if you 
have not already done so. 

It is Elder Farnham's intention to publish a paper, to be called 
the ^' Zion's W^atchman," half the size of the " Star." J. W. 
Flemming, William Hyde, John McCarthy, and John Jones, are 
the names of some of the Elders. If you can find them you will get 
such information as you need with regard to emmigrating to this 
place 

I am glad to hear of your brothers being in the Church, and should 
be glad to hear that all my relations had embraced the Gospel. 

Your afi*ectionate brother, Edmund Long. 



Cop?/ of a Letter from Alexander Pain, formerly an 'Elder in the 
Sydney Branch, 



Dear President Farnham, Mdhourne, July 5, 1854. 

I am glad to inform you that the Lord has been pleased to bring 
me again to see that out of his Church there is neither full happiness 



12f 

or salvation to be found. Brother Farnliam, if I could express myself 
so as to tell you the power that satan has had over me since I rejected 
your counsel I think you would be surprised. I feel assured if I had 
acted as you told me with my wife I should not have fell, but the 
Lord has been merciful (unto me) in all my trials. 

Brother Farnham, I now acknowledge that I believe all that I 
have ever heard from you, and I have proposed, by God's help, to 
receive all that you, or a»y one else in the Church of Jesus Christ 
can tell me, believing that God has spoke and does speak ; therefore 
I desire to be admitted into full fellowship with the Saints of God 
once more. 

Brother Farnham, may God guide you aright as to the manner 
your humbie servant is to be dealt with ; the Lord only knows of my 
tears and cries unto him for forgiveness, which the Lord has been 
pleased to aUiWer to my soul by speaking peace and happiness to 
me, believing that the Lord has received me into His favour and 
(that) Brother Farnham and the Saints will do tlie same. 

President Farnham, — I preach every Sunday on the wharf, the 
principles of the Gospel to the great body of the people, and I have 
had invitations to join the Campelites and the Plymouth Brethren, 
but I know that the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is 
the only Church of God, therefore it is no go. I have preached four 
Sundays and have become quite a favourite with the people ; so if I 
wanted to start a fresh sect of people I could soon do that here. A 
Dr. Milton, a great enemy to the Saints, has wauled me to start a 
sect with him, but I trace satan at the head of all the sects, so that 
it will remain a secret with the people what I am until I receive an 
answer from you, and then, with the help of God, I will stand against 
all the batteries of hell for the Church of Jesus Christ and his Saints. 

I cannot find any Latter-day Saints here, except one or two, who 
have been like myself, and you know, they would give me no 
comfort. 

Yours affectionately, 

Alexander Pain. 



DIVINE AUTHENTICITY OF THE BOOK OF MORMON. 

Mr. Jabez Bunting, of Windsor, in three advertisements in the 
" Sydney Morning Herald" has presented himself as the Great Cham- 
pion of Sectarianism for the suppression of Mormonism ; great as he 
may appear in his own estimation, we can inform him that he is far 
from being thought as much of by the public as his uncle of the 
same name, who stands at the head of Methodism. He appears 
as one desiring evidence, yet having closed his mind against it, 
for he expressly states that he does not desire an acquaintance with 
the Elders. 

The question he has proposed is one of greatest importance to 
mankind in general, for if the Book of Mormon is authentic, its 
rejection will bring condemnation. 



128 

That we iiiay facilitate the elucidation of this question, we shall 
describe what the Book of Mormon is» 

It contains an History of God's dealings with a branch of Joseph's 
posterity, who, by revelation from God, left Jerusalem about 
100 years before the captivity of JudMi, in the reign of Nebuchad- 
nazer. King of Babylon. The Lord guidiog them through the wil- 
derness, directing them to build a vessel, in which to cross the mighty 
deep. Their being safely landed on the continent of America ; their 
subsequent division into two distinct people, called the Nephites and 
the Lamenites, God's blessings and judgments upon them, even until 
the last days, when God should again visit them in mercy, by bringing 
to light their record which had been hid in the earth. It also gives 
an account of the manner in which it was to be brought to light ; 
the condition and character of the people at the time of its coming 
forth, and the effects that should follow its appearance. 

Now, the question of its authenticity is fully argued in Orson 
Pratt's pamphlet on that subject, to which we refer our readers, 
and shall content ourselves by briefly laying before them the 
evidence of prophecy. We would request the reader's careful con- 
sideration of the following passages in the Bible in reference to this 
subject: — Genesis, xlviii. 8 to 22, and xlix. 22 to 26; Deuteronomy, 
xxxiii. 13 to 17; Isaiah, xi. and xviii. chapters; Hosea, viii. 12; 
Ezekiel, xxxvii. 15 to 28 ; Isaiah, xxlx. chap.; Psalm, Ixxxv. 10 to 13; 
Revelations, xiv. 6; Daniel, ii. 44,45; Isaiah, xxiv. chap.; Revela- 
tions, xiv. XV. xvi. xvii. and xviii. chapters. All the prophecies in 
reference to the gathering of Israel have a bearing on this subject. 

Let any one read the above passages, and also read the Book of 
Mormon, and the history of its coming forth, and they will see as 
strict and literal fulfilment of prophecy as ever took place on the 
earth. 

There are also abundant of prophecies in the Book of Mormon 
which have been and are still being fulfilled in these days, but this 
generation, like the Jews in the days of Christ, are so blinded, that 
they will not see. There is the prophecy of the witnesses who should 
testify to the world of the Book of Mormon — of the blood of the 
Saints crying from the earth — of the taking the Gospel out from 
among the Gentiles inhabiting the continent of America — of the 
location of the Saints on the mountains — that after the coming forth 
of this Book, many of the house of Judah should begin to believe 
in Christ* — of the progress of the work and the gathering of the 
Saints from east, west, north, and south. But there is one much 
more important than any of the rest on the 26th page, viz. : — 
" And blessed are they who shall seek to bring forth my Zion at 
that day, for they shall have the gift and the power of the Holy 

* More Jews (says Professor Pholnck,) have been converted to Christianity during 
the last tAventy years than during the seventeen centuries preeccding, — "Northern 
Star," March 22, 1851. See Book of Mormon page 109, which was first pubiifc^hed in 
1830. 



129 

Ghost. * * * * How beautiful upon the moun- 
tains shall they be." Christ said, '' Keep my commandment, and 
ye shall know of the doctrine whether it be true." Apply this rule 
to Morraonism, and we shall conclude that all who receive and obey 
this revelation, will possess the power and c^ift of the Holy Ghost. 
I now bear my humble testimony, that by obedience to the Gospel I 
have received the gift of the Holy Ghost, by which I know that 
Joseph Smith was a prophet of the True and Living God, and with 
me there are thousands who are ready to bear the like testimony, for 
we have felt and seen its power manifested in gifts of wisdom, 
knowledge, faith, healing, miracles, prophecy, decerning of spirits, 
tongues and interpretation of tongues. This power does and will 
establish the authenticity or authoriiy of tlie Book of Mormon, now 
and for ever more. ' Augustus Farhham. 



FROM SALT LAKE. 

The " Los Angelos Star" has the following news from Salt 
Lake: — 

From Salt Lake. — The Salt Lake mail arrived at San Fran- 
cisco on Tuesday, bringing dates to the 30th March. 

The "Deseret News" of the 16th is clothed in mourning for 
the death of Elder W- Richards, who died on the 11th. At the 
funeral. Elder G. A. Smith made a prayer, from which we 
extract the following paragraph : — 

" Bless the widows of Thy servant Willard, who are called 
to part with a dear and beloved companion. Inspire them 
with the power of the Holy Ghost, and wisdom to bear with 
patience and resignation the trials they were called to contend 
for, and to live in such a manner as to prepare theni to enjoy 
his society in the possession of thrones, principalities, and 
powers in the celestial world." 

Bishop Isaac Clark, Probate Judge of Weber county, died 
on the 24th January. 



FIRST EPISTLE OF ORSON PRATT, 

(from ''the seer.") 

To the Saints scattered throughout the United States and British Provinces, greeting ; 

Ever feeling a deep interest in the welfare of the Saints^ 
you will permit me, through the medium of this Epistle, to impart 
to you such instructions as the Holy Spirit may whisper to my 
mind. I wish to ask the Saints who still remain scattered abroad, 
Do you enjoy as great a measure of the Spirit of God as when you 
were first baptized into this kingdom? Or, are your minds barren? 
your understanding unfruitful ? your souls in darkness ? and your 
feelings cold and indifferent towards the great work which you have 
embraced, and which once made you joyful and happy? If this be 
your condition, it is of the utmost importance that you know the 
causes of these unhappy changes in your feelings. Is it because the 



130 

Lord has changed, and forgotten to^be gracious? Is it because the ful- 
ness of His Gospel does not produce the same effects or happiness now 
as it did in ancient times ? Is it because the Book of Mormon, or any of 
the Revelations given through Joseph the Seer, have failed to accom- 
plish those purposes for which they were sent ? Is it because the 
Saints have passed through great tribulation, and have been driven 
from city to city, from State to State, and finally banished from this 
great Republic to seek a home in the wild glens of the Rocky Moun- 
tains ? Is it because God has forsaken His people, and will no lon- 
ger show them mercy ? No, verily, no ; none of these causes have 
conspired to drive away the Comforter from your hearts, or to enve- 
lope you in darkness, or to make you cold, and indifferent, and un- 
happy. But the principal cause of your unpleasant and unhappy 
state of mind, is your own disobedience to one of the most important 
commands which God has given to his people in this last diepensa- 
tion, namely : to flee out of Babylon, and gather themselves toge- 
ther, and stand in holy places, that they may escape the plagues and 
desolating scourges which the Lord has decreed to pour out upon all 
nations, because of their great sins and wickedness which continually 
cry unto the heavens for vengence. Can any Saint neglect so import- 
ant a command, when it is within their power to keep it, and still be 
justified and retain the peaceable Spirit of the Lord ? No ; the 
Spirit of the Lord is grieved with such, and will, by degrees, with- 
draw from them, and they will grope in the dark, and be liable to be 
overcome by temptation, and be led captive by will of the Devil: 
such ones, not having the Spirit that leads into all truth, are liable to 
be deceived by the doctrines of men and Devils ! for the Lord will 
frequently suffer strong delusions to overpower such, that their dam- 
nation may be the greater, because they profess to know the Lord 
and yet will not obey him. Remember the word of the Lard which 
came by the mouth of Joseph the Seer, saying, " Hearken and hear, 
ye my people, saith the Lord and your God, ye whom I delight to 
bless with the greatest blessings, ye that hear me ; and ye that hear 
me not, will I curse, that have professed my name, with the heaviest 
of all cursings." Have you hearkened to the word of God? Have 
you exerted yourselves to the utmost to flee from Babylon ? If not 
no wonder that the peaceable Spirit has been grieved from your bosom. 
Repent, therefore, speedily, and obey the voice of the Lord, and 
gather yourselves among His people, lest the destroyer lay hold upon 
you in an hour you think not, and you perish in disobedience, and 
your name be cut ofi" from the generations of Zion. If you will 
awake from the slumber of death which has seized upon you, and 
use every exertion to obey the voice of the Lord your God, His an- 
ger shall be turned away from you, and He will show you mercy, 
and His Spirit shall be restored unto you again, and His hand shall 
be stretched out over you to shield and protect you, and to gather 
you even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings to save 
them from the approaching storms ; so shall the Lord your God save 



131 

you, and comfort your hearts, and make you to sing with joy and 
oladness, and you shall be His people, and He will be the Lord your 
God. Awake then, O awake ! flee to the mountains for refuge ! For 
a day of trouble is at hand — a day of fierce battle and war — a day 
of mourning and lamentation for widows and orphans whose husbands 
and fathers shall fall in battle : it shall be the day of the Lord's con- 
troversy for His people — a day of recompense for the innocent blood 
of prophets and Saints, which has been shed among this nation. 

The time is drawing nisjh for these things to be fulfilled ; for this 
nation have rejected the Book of Mormon, which the Lord brought 
forth by the ministering of Anj^jels, and sent unto them by the hands 
of His servants ; they have rejected the church of Christ, which the 
Lord God in mercy established in their midst ; they have suffered 
His Saints to be trampled upon by mobs, to be scourged, afflicted, 
and abused ; driven from their houses, deprived of the most sacred 
rights of American citizenship, and finally to be banished from their 
midst, and obliged to seek refuge in the solitary wilds and deserts of 
the Rocky Mountains. They have closed their doors, their synago- 
gues, their eyes, and their hearts against one of the most glorious 
and important messages that ever saluted the ears of mortals ; they 
have suffered one of the greatest, most renowned, and most celebrat- 
ed prophets that ever lived upon the earth to be murdered in cold 
blood, without bringing the murderers to justice; they have suffered 
scores of innocent men, women, and children to be tortured, shot 
down, and butchered, in open day, by beings who afterwards boasted 
of their horrid deeds ; and yet, no means are instituted to bring these 
guilty wretches to punishment. Does not the blood of the Saints 
and of Prophets cry aloud to the heavens for vengence ? And shall 
this nation escape the judgments decreed against them? And will 
the Almighty forbear to execute the vengence written ? Verily, no ; 
for in December, 1838, the word of the Lord came through Joseph 
the Seer, concerning His Saints who had been driven from their 
homes in Jackson County, Missouri, saying: — 

" Let them importune at the feet of the judge ; and if he heed them 
not, let them importune at the feet of the go>rernor; and if the go- 
vernor heed them not, let them importune at the feet of the President 
and if the President heed them not, then will the Lord arise and come 
forth out of His hiding place and in His fury vex the nation, and in his 
hot displeasure, and in his fierce anger, in his time, will cut off those 
wicked unfaithful, and unjust stewards, and appoint them their portion 
among hypocrites and unbelievers, even in outer darkness, where there 
is weeping and wailing, and gnashing of teeth. Pray ye, therefore, 
that their ears may be opened unto your cries, that 1 may be merci- 
ful unto them, that these things may not come upon them." 
(Doctrine and Covenants, page 282, English Edition.) 

For nineteen years the Saints have importuned, according to this 
commandment. But have they obtained redress ? No, The judges 
and the Governor of the State of Missouri, instead of redressing our 



132 

wrongs, suffered us, under the ferce of arms, to be killed, immured 
in dungeon, and banished from the State. The president, instead 
of restoring us to our homes and lands, which we purchased of the 
National Government, suffered us to be deprived of the dearest rights 
of American citizenship, and to be banished by the force oi arms from 
this great Republic, to seek refuge among hostile savages in the bar- 
ren wastes of the snowy mountains. The cries and importunites of 
the Saints for redress and protection, were met with the cold reply, 
*' Your cause is just, but we have no power to protect you." 'I'he 
Saints have long cried unto the Lord that he would open the ears 
and soften the hearts oi the Rulers and Authorites of our country, 
that they might execute justice and right in behalf of the suffering, 
dow^n-trodden, exiled citizens of this great Republic, who have been 
by the force of arms, driven into banishment. But their ears are 
closed to our cries, their eyes are shut to our suffering, and their 
hearts hardened against the mourning and lamentations of widows 
and orphans whose husbands and fathers have been cruelly martyred 
for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God. The cup of 
the iniquity of this nation is nearly full ; and woe unto them, when 
the time shall come that they are fully ripe in their abominations, for 
they shall utterly perish from off the face of this choice land, and the 
land shall be left empty and desolate — yea, their cities shall be de- 
stroyed, and their houses shall be desolate. '* For the Lord shall 
rise up as in Mount Perazim ; He shall be wroth as in the valley of 
Gibeon, that he may do His work, His strange work; and bring to 
pass His act, His strange act." (Isaiah xxviii. 21.) Yea, He shall 
destroy and lay waste, and none shall hinder. 

I will again say to the Saints scattered abroad in this land, do you 
wish deliverance in the day of trouble? If you do, arise and flee to 
the mountains, and prepare for the day of the Lord, for it is near. 
Let all the children of Zion go up into the mountains; for thus said 
the Prophet Isaiah, in his prophetic exhortation to the Zion of the 
last days, ^' (>^ Zion, that hringest good tidings^ get thee up into 
the high mountain.'" For, '* behold, the Lord God will come with 
strong hand, and His arm shall rule for Him : behold, His reward 
is with Him and His v\ ork before Him. He shall feed His flock 
like a shepherd : He shall gather the lambs with His arm, and carry 
them in His bosom." (Isaiah xl. 9 — 11.) Isaiah clearly saw that, 
before the second coming of the Lord, to rule '^ with strong hand,'* 
Zion would be required to " get up into the high mountain." Many 
of the children of Zion have fulfilled this exhortation of Isaiah ; and 
1 nowsay to the balance of her children, "GET THE UP INTO 
THE HIGH MOUNTAIN," and sanctify yourselves, that you 
may be as an ensign upon the mountains — a standard for the people, 
unto whom the meek and virtuous of all nations shall flow. For 
thus said the Prophet Isaiah, '* He shall set up an ensign for the 
nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather toge- 
ther the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth." 



183 

(Isaiah xi. 12.) This ensign, remember, was not to be set up in 
Palestine, where Isaiah iived at the time he delivered the prophecy, 
but it was to be set up **lrom afar," or at a great distance from that 
country : hence he says again, " And he will lift up an ensign to the 
nations/rom afar, and will hiss unto them from the end of tlie earth : 
•and behold, they shall come with speed swiftly." (Isaiah v. 26.) 
Four things are clearly predicted in this passage: First, an ensign is 
to be lifted up to the nations by the Lord himself; secondly, this 
ensign w^as to be lilted up, not in the country where Isaiah dw^eit, 
but in a (ar country ; thirdly, when this ensign should be set up, the 
Lord should hiss unto the nations, not from Palestine, but " from 
the ends of the earth," clearly indicating a message that should hiss 
forth from that distant country for the benefit of all nations; and 
lastly, a people i'rom among these nations should '* come with speed 
swiftly," not by the slow process of travelling to which the ancients 
were accustomed, but *' they shall come with speed swiftly,'' \xid'i- 
cating, no doubt, the powerlul agency of steam, by which that peo- 
ple should be gathered from among the nations speedly, swiftly, unto 
the standard or ensign lifted up. Tliis standard or ensign was not to be 
raised among Judah or Israel, but among the Gentiles, for the bene- 
fit of both Israel and Judah; for then, as Isaiah says in the forego- 
ing quotation, both Israel and Judah will be gathered. That tliis 
standard was to be raised among the Gentiles, instead of Israel, is 
clearly predicted in another passage, as follows : — '* Thus saith 
the Lord God, behold, I will lift up my hand to the Gentiles, and 
set up my standard to the people; and they shall bring tlieir sons in 
their arms, and thy daughters shall be carried upon thy shoulders.'* 
(Isaiah xlix, 22.) That this standard or ensign was not only to be 
set up by the Lord God, among the Gentiles, but that it was also to 
be lifted up on the mountains, is also predicted by Isaiah as follows : 
— " All ye inhabitants of the world, and dwellers on the earth, SEb^ 
YE, WHEN HE LIFTEIH UP AN ENSIGN ON THE MOUN- 
TAINS ; and when He bloweth a trumpet, hear ye. For afore the 
hearvest, when the bud is perfect, and the sour grape is ripening in 
the flower. He shall both cut off the sprigs with pruning hooks, and 
take away and cut down the branches. They shall be lifted together 
unto the fowls of the mountains, and the beasts of the earth; and the 
fowls shall summer upon them, and all the beasts of the earth shall 
winter upon them. In that time shall the present be brought unto 
the Lord of Hosts of a people scattered and pteled, and from a peo- 
ple terrible for their beginning hitherto ; a nation meted out, and trod- 
den under foot, whose land that rivers have spoiled, to the place of 
the name of the Lord of Hosts, the Mount Zion." (Isaiah xviii. 8, 
5, 6, 7.) The place, then, for the lifting up of the ensign, is to be 
*^ on the mount a ins, ^^ and that too just before *' ^Ae hearvest,''^ or 
the end of the wicked world, when the Lord is to destroy a certain 
nation under the name of the sour grape, and they are to be left un- 
buried for the fowls and bea&ts to summer and winter upon them. It 



134 

will be perceived also that ** all the inhabitants of t?i$ worlds and 
the dwellers on the earth,^^ ate called upon to both see and hear, 
when the Lord lifts up that ensign on the mountains. 

Under a deep sense of the important events which await this gene- 
ration, I beg of Zion to bear with me, while I repeat again the pro- 
phetic exhortation of Isaiah: *' O Zion, that bringest good tidings, 
get thee up into the high mountain." Tarry not, lest you fall among 
the wicked, and are deprived of the blessings which the Lord has 
decreed to pour out upon Zion. 

That Zion was to occupy an elevated position on the earth, is still 
further evident from the word of the Lord which came through Jo- 
seph the Seer, in September, 1831, saying : — '* Behold, I, the Lord, 
have made my church, in these last days like unto a judge sitting on 
a HILL, or in a RIGH PLACE, to judge the nations; for it shall 
come to pass that the inhabitants of Zion shall judge all things per- 
taining to Zion ; and liars and hypocrites shall be proved by them, 
and they who are not apostles and prophets ahall be known. And 
even the bishop, who is a judge, and his counsellors, if they are not 
faithful in their stewardships, shall be condemned, and others shall 
be planted in their stead ; for behold, I say unto you, that Zion shall 
flourish, and the glory of the Lord shall be upon her, and he shall 
he an Ensign unto the people, and there shall come unto her out of 
every nation under heaven. And the day shall come when the nations 
of the earth shall tremble because of her, and shall fear because of 
her terrible ones. The Lord hath spoken it. Amen." (Doctrine 
and Covenants, page 156.) 

In this extract the Lord predicted that Zion should '^ be an Ensign 
unto the people," *' sitting on a hill or in a High Place," and that 
she should flourish. In another revelation, given through Joseph the 
Seer, to James Covill, in January, l83l, the Lord says, *' Thou art 
to labour in my vineyard, and to build my church, and to bring forth 
Zion, that it may rejoice upon the HILLS and flourish.'''' (Doc. 
and Cov., page 212.) And in March, 1831, the word of the Lord 
again came unto Joseph the Seer, saying, " Before the great day of 
the Lord shall come, Jacob shall flourish in the wilderness, and the 
Lamanites [meaning the American Indians] shall blossom as the rose. 
Zion shallflourish upon the hills^ and rejoice upon the mountains^ 
and shall be assembled together unto the place which 1 have appoint- 
ed." (Page 218.) Thus we see that twenty-two years ago, it was 
foretold in great plainness that Zion should flourish and rejoice upon 
the hills and mountains ; when these prophecies were given, we did 
not know, for many years, how nor when the Lord intended to fulfill 
therii : but fifteen years after the prediction, the Lord suffered our 
enemies to rise against us, and we were driven by the force of arms 
from these States, and where obliged to flee to the mountains for re- 
fuge ; thus, in an unexpected manner, Zion is placed in her appro- 
priate position, and his truly beginning to flourish and rejoice upon 
the hills and mountains, according to the predictions of Joseph the 



135 

prophet, and according to many pi-edictions of the ancient prophest. 
Oh, how wonderful are the dealings of God with His people ! And 
how marvellously does He fulfil the vvords of inspiration I Though 
the Heavens and Earth pass away, yet the word of the Lord spoken 
through Joseph the Seer, shall not pass away, but every jot and tit- 
tle that has not already come to pass, shall be fulfilled in its time and 
season. 



THE FAITH AND DOCTRINES OF THE LATTER DAY 
SAINTS, WITH SCRIPTURAL PROOFS. 



We believe in God the eternal Father, and in his Son Jesus Christ 
and in the Holy Ghost. 

God.— Gen i, 26, 27; xvii, 1. Exo xxxiii, 22, 23. Num. xii, 8. Deut. ix, 10. 
Ps. xi. 4. Jesus Christ. —Heh i, 2 to 5 ; Col. i, 15, 16; ii, 9. Rom. i, 3, 4, 
Zech. xiv, 3, 4. Acts, i, 11. Juo. vi, 46. Isa. ix, 6. Holy Spirit — 1 Cor. 
ii, 10. Jno. xiv, 26 ; xv, 26. Acts, ii, 17, 38, 39. (God a Spirit Jno.iv, 
24. Z,ore-lJno iv, 19. ^n^er- Ps. vii, 11. Isa. xi, 4. 2 Thess. i, 7, 
to 9. 

We helieve that men will be punished for their own sins, and not 
for Adam's transgressions. 

Man Punished for Actual Sin. — Acts, xvii, 31. Matt. xxv. 46. Jno. v, 28, 29. 
Rev. XX, 12, 13. 

We believe that through the atonement of Christ all mankind may 
be saved, by obedience to the laws and ordinances of the gospel. 

Atonement of Christ — 1 Cor. xv, 20 to 23. Rom. v, 12 to 19. 1 Jno. i, 7 to 10. 
Mark xvi, 15, 16. 1 Tim. ii. 6. 

We believe that these ordinances are : — 1st. Faith in the Lord 
Jesus Christ. 2nd. Repentance. 3rd. Baptism by immersion for 
the remission of sins. 4th. Laying on of hands for the gift of the 
Holy Spirit. 5th. The Lord's Supper. 

Faith, Repentance, Baptism and Laying on Hands.— Jno. iii, 14 to 18. T.uke xxiv, 
47. Rom. i, 16, 17 ; X, 14. James ii, 1, 14 to 20. Mark xvi, 16 Jno. iii, 
5. Acts ii, 38 ; viii, 12 to 17 ; ix, 18, xix 1 to 6. Matt, iii, 13 to 17. Heb. 
vi, 1, 2, Gal iii, 27. Col. ii, 12. 1 Peter iji, 2L 

Lord's Supper. - Matt, xxvi, 26 to 29. Acts 2, 46 ; xx, 7 ; 1 Cor. xi, 23 to 34. 

We helieve that men must be called of God by inspiration and by 
laying on of hands by those who are duly commissioned to preach 
the gospel and administer in the ordinances thereof. 

Called of God. — Heb. v, 4, 10; iii, 1, 2. Exo. xxviii, 1. Rom. x, 14, 15. Mark iii, 
14. Jno. XV, 16 ; xvii, 18. Acts xiii, I to 3; xiv, 23. 1 Tim. ii, 7 ; iv, 14. 
2 Tim. i, 6. Rev. i, 6 ; xx, 6. Mai iii, 1 to 6. Gal i, 8. 

We believe in the same organization that existed in the primitive 
church, viz : — apostles, prophets, pastors, teachers, evangelists, &c. 

Organization. — 1 Cor. yii. Eph iv, 11 to 16; ii, 19 to 24; iii, 5; Acts xiii, 1. 

We believe in the powers and gifts of the everlasting gospel, viz : 
the gift of faith, discerning of spirits, prophecy, revelation, visions. 



136 

healing, tongues, and the interpretation of tongues, wisdom, charity, 
brotherly love, &c. 

Spiritual Gi/Vs. — Mark xvi, 17 to 20 ; I Cor. xii ; xiv, 1 James v, 13 to 15. 1 
Thess. V, 19, 20 Jno. xiv, 12. Acts ii, 17, 18; xxi, 4, 9, 10. 

We believe the word of God recorded in the Bible ; wx also be- 
lieve the word of God recorded in the Book of Mormon, and in all 
other good books. 

Book of Mormon. — ^no xxi, 25; x, 16. Acts xvii, 26, 27. Eev. xx, 12. Hos viii, 
12. Eze. XX, 33 to 38. Isa xxix, II to 24 Ps. Ixxxv, 10, 11. 

We believe all that God has revealed, all that he does now reveal,, 
and we believe that he will yet reveal many more great and import- 
ant things pertaining to the kingdom of God and Messiah's second 
coming. 

Latter Day Revelations.— Issl. xx*iii, 10 to 13; x; xi. Acts ii, 17 Mal.iii, 1 to 4, 
iv. Eze. XX, 33 to 38. Matt xxiv, 30, 31. Rev. xiv, 6. Joel ii, 28 to 32. 
Zecli. xiv Dan. ii, 44 Eph. i, 10. 

We believe in the literal Gathering of Israel, and in the restora- 
tion of the ten tribes ; that Zion will be established upon the western 
continent, that Christ will reign personally upon the earth a thousand 
years, and that the earth will be renewed and receive its paradisaical 

Gathering. — Jer. xxx ; xxxi ; xxiii, 3 to 8 ; iii, 6 to 19 ; Eze. xx, 33 to 38 ; xxxvii, 
19 to 22 ; xxxviii ; xxxix, Isa. xlix, 22 to 26 ; xi, 10 to 16 ; ii, 2, 3 ; xliii, 
5 to 9. Zech. x, 6 to 12; xiv, Ps. I, 5. Rev. xviii, 4. 

Mount Zion.—Ts. eii. 13 to 29 ; xlviii Joelii, 32 iii. Micha, iv. Isa. Ixii; Ii, 3 11; 
xviii; Ix. 2 Peter iii, 7 to 13. 

We believe in the literal resurrection of the body, and that the 
dead in Christ will rise first, and that the rest of the dead live not 
again until the thousand years are expired. 

Christ's Second Coming. — i Thess. i, 10. Jude i, 14, 15. 2 Thess. i, 7 to 10. Rev 
V, 9, 10; XX. Zech. xiv, 4. Acts i, 11; iii, 20, 21. Mai. iii, 1 to 3 ; iv. 
Matt, xxiv, 30 51. 

First and Second Resurrection.— I Thess. iv, 14 to 18. 2 Thess. ii, 1. Isa. xxvi, 
19 to 21. Eze. xxxvii, I to 14. Dan. xii, I to 3, Hos. xiii, 14. Matt, xxvii, 
52, 53. Jno. v. 25 to 29. Acts xxiv, 14, 15. Rom. vi, 5; viii, 22, 23. I 
Cor. XV. Phil, iii, 20, 21, Rev. xiv, 13; xx, 4 to 6, & 12 to 15. Job xix, 
23 to 27. 

We claim the privilege of worshipping Almighty God according 
to the .dictates of our own conscience unmolested, and allow all men 
the same privilege, let them worship how or where they may. 

We believe in being subject to kings, queens, presidents, rulers, 
and Magistrates, in obeying, honouring, and sustaining the law. 

We believe in being honest, true, chaste, temperate, benevolent, 
virtuous, and upright, and in doing good to all men : indeed we may 
say that we follow the admonition of Paul. 

We believe all things, we " hope all things," w^e have endured 
very many things, and we hope to be able to " endure all things." 
Every thing virtuo'js, lovely, praiseworthy, and of good report we 
seek after, looking forward to the " recompense of reward." 



Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Published by A. Famham, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

€6uiTfj of Bt^ni Cljii^t of ^.mtv^Bu}) ^nints, 

IN SYDNEY. 



" HE THAT EEADETH LET HIM UNDERSTAND." 

Kos. 18-19. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER, 16, 1851 Vol. I. 

ADAM, OUR FATHER AND OUR GOD. 

(An Extract from President Brigham Young's Sermon, delivered on April 9tb, 1852.) 

FROM THE " JOURNAL OP DISCOURSES." 

One thing has remained a mystery in this kingdom up to this daj^. 
It is in regard to the character of the well-beloved Son of God, upon 
which subject the Elders of Israel have conflicting views. Our God 
and Father in heaven, is a being of tabeinacle, or, in other words, He 
has a body, with parts the same as you and I have ; and is capable of 
showing forth His works to organized beings, as, for instance, in the 
world in which we live, it is the result of the knowledge and infi- 
nite wisdom that dwell in His organized body. His Son Jesus Christ 
has become a personage of tabernacle, and has a body like his father. 
The Holy Ghost is the Spirit of the Lord, and issues forth from him- 
self, and may properly be called God's minister to execute His will 
in immensity; being called to govern by His influence and power; 
but H is not a person of tabernacle as we are, and as our Father 
in heaven and Jesus are. The question has been, and is often, asked 
who it was that begat the Son of the Virgin Mary. The infidel 
would have concluded that if what the Apostles wrote about his fa- 
ther and mother be true, and the present marriage discipline acknow- 
ledged by Christendom be correct, then Christians must believe that 
God is the father of an illegitimate son, in the person of Jesus Christ ! 
The infidel fraternity teach that to their disciples. I will tell you 
how it is. Our Father in Heaven begat all the spirits that ever were, 
or ever will be, upon this earth ; and they were born spirits in the 
eternal world. Then the Lord by His power and wisdom organized 
the mortal tabernacle of man. We were made first spiritual, and 
afterwards temporal. 

Now hear it, <) inhabitants of the earth, Jew and Gentile, «^aint 
and sinner ! When our father Adam came into the garden of Eden, 
he came into it with a celestial body ^ and brought Eve, one of ^>is 
wive<, with him. He helped to make and organize this world. He 
is Michael, the Arc/ia/tf/el, the Ancient of Days ! about whom 
holy men have written and spoken — He is our Father and our God, 
and the onlij God wilh wJiorn WE have to do. Every man upon the 
earth, professing Christians or non-professing^ must hear it, and u:ill 



138 

know it sooner or later. They came lierc, organized the raw mate- 
rial, and arranged in their order the herbs of the Held, the trees, the 
apple, the peach, the plum, the pear, and every other fruit that is 
desirable and good for man ; the seed was brought from another 
sphere, and planted in this earth. The thistle, the thorn, the brier, 
and the obnoxious weed did not appear until after the earth was 
cursed. When Adam and Eve had eaten of the forbidden fruit, their 
bodies became mortal from its effects, and therefore their offspring 
were mortal. When the Virgin Mary conceived the child Jesus, the 
Father had begotten him in his own likeness. He was not begotten 
by the Holy Ghost. And who is the Father? He is the first of 
the human family ; and when he took a tabernacle, it was begotten 
by his Father in heaven, after the same manner as the tabernacles 
of Cain, Abel, and the rest of the sons and daughters of Adam and 
Eve ; from the fruits of the earth, the first earthly tabernacles were 
originated by the Father, and so on in succession. I could tell you 
much more about this : but were I to tell you the whole truth, blas- 
phemy would be nothing to it, in the estimation of the superstitious 
and over-righteous of mankind. However, I have told you the truth, 
as far as I have gone. I have heard men preach upon the divinity 
of Christ, and exhaust all the wisdom they possessed. All Scriptu- 
ralists and approved theologians who were considered exemplary for 
piety and education, have undertaken to expound on this subject, in 
every age of the Christian era ; and after they have done all, they are 
obliged to conclude by exclaiming " great is the mystery of godli- 
ness," and tell nothing. 

It is true that the earth was organized by three distinct characters, 
namely, Eloheim, Yahovah, and Michael, these three forming a 
quorum, as in all heavenly bodies, and in organizing element, per- 
fectly represented in the Deity, as Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. 

Again, they will try to tell how the divinity of Jesus is joined to 
his humanity, and exhaust all their mental faculties, and wind up 
with this profound language, as describing the soul of man, ''it is 
an immaterial substance !" What a learned idea ! Jesus, our elder 
brother, was begotten in the flesh by the same character that was in 
the garden of Eden, and who is our Father in Heaven. Now, let all 
who may hear these doctrines, pause before they make light of them, 
or treat them with indifference, for they will prove their salvation or 
damnation. 

I have given you a few leading items upon this subject, but a 
great deal more remains to be told. Now, remember from this time 
forth, and for ever, that Jesus Christ was not begotten by the Holy 
Ghost. I will repeat a little anecdote. I was in conversation with 
a certain learned professor on this subject, when I replied, to this 
idea — "if the Son was begotten by the Holy Ghost, it would be very 
dangerous to baptize and confirm females, and give the Holy Ghost 
to them, lest he should beget children, to be palmed upon the Elders 
by the people, bringing the Elders into great difficulties." 

Treasure up these things in your hearts. In the Bible, you liave 
read the things I have told you to night ; but you have not known 



139 

T^hat you did read. I bave told you no more than you are conver- 
sant with ; but what do tlie people in Christendom, with the Bible 
in their hands, know about this subject '? Comparatively nothing. 



A DISCOURSE. 

DELIVERED BY ELDER JOHN JONES, IN THE OLD ASSEMBLY ROOM, 
KING STREET, ON SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 20tH. 

It gives me great pleasure to appear before the bretheren at this 
time as upon all other occasions. I am glad that the bretheren have 
so generally responded to the call of President Farnham, and hope 
that they have come full of Faith. Bretlieren, I know that you 
always pray for me, let your faith be exercised that the spirit of the 
Lord may rest upon me, for never did I need it more than 1 do upon 
this occasion; although I have a subject given me, I am not aware 
what I shall say at this any more than at other times. 

He then read a portion of the I9th Chapter of Luke, 11th to 27th 
verses. 

HoAv far I shall keep to the text I have chosen I cannot tell, you 
will form the best opinion of that at the close of my address. 

I will ask a question,— what is Man? It is an important question 
that has been asked by the learned and unlearned in all ages 5 but 
with all the wisdom and learning that this world hath attained unto, 
they are still unable to give a satisfactory answer to the question. 
The Psalmist says, that he is fearfully and wonderfully made, that he 
is a little lower than the angels. He not only possesses a different 
organization, but powers and capacities of mind, distinct, and of a 
far more exhalted character than the animal creation around him. 
We can form some conception of his formation in the womb, the pro- 
gress of his organization, and the developement of his nature, until 
the time of parturition, when he emerges forth into this lower world ; 
w^e then can witness the dawn of his mental powers from their earliest 
manifestation until maturity, recognizing at each advancement in- 
creased strength, vigour, and capacity; to his advancement there 
appears no limits. 

Had man an existence before he appeared in this world? Accor- 
ding to the Bible, it appears that his spirit existed before the formation 
of this earth. The Lord said of Jeremiah — " Before I formed thee 
in the belly I knew thee." There can be no knowledge of an object 
without its existence, therefore the spirit of Jeremiah had an existence 
before the body was formed. Paul is called a chosen vessel. The 
Redeemed are said to be chosen or elected, the time of its being 
done is said to be before the foundation of the earth. Christ is called 
the Lamb slain from before the foundation of the earth. It would 
just be as impossible for God to chose them, if they had not an ex- 
istence, as it would be for a person at this time to chose fruit, fiom 
this table there being .none upon it. It is said, that when the foun- 
dations of the earth were laid, that all the sons of God sang togetlier, 
and the morning stars shouted for joy. Tiie reason that they -"Acra 



140 

filled with joy was, that they looked forward to the time when they 
should be permitted to go upon it, and take a tabernacle, that they 
might attain unto the like power and glory as their Father. That 
it is possible for man to attain unto that power and glory is evident, 
from the saying of the Saviour, that His disciples should be one with 
him as he was one with the Father. From the foregoing we may 
conclude, that man is a God in embro} , that is, he possesses powers 
and capacities of mind that are susceptable of increase, even unto a 
fulness. 

The Saviour promised the disciples that they should sit ui)on 
thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel, ''and that to him that 
overcometh will I grant to sit on my throne.'' Again. — '' And he that 
overcometh and keepeth viy works unto the end, to him will 1 give 
power over the nations." Again ; — " 1 appoint unto you a king* 
dom as my Father hath appointed unto me." 

Before man can attain unto the glory and powder here named, he 
must attain unto a fulness of wisdom, knowledge, and power ; much 
of this can only be obtained by experience. Man cannot know the 
sweet without the bitter, the good without the evil. The Lord said, 
''man is become like unto one of us to know good and evil.'' It is 
said of the Saviour, " that he is able to succour those who come unto 
God through him, because He had been tempted in all things like 
unto them," and also, " that he was perfected through suftering." 

It is God who comnmnicates these blessings and powers. He has 
laid down laws by conformity to which they can be obtained. As 
He is the source from whence they are derived, it must be evident 
that they cannot be obtained otherwise than by obedience to the laws 
laid down. Christ had to obey and enter into these privileges by 
the door ; hear what he said to John, " Suffer it to be so now, for 
thus it becometh us to fulfill all righteousness." He received not a 
fulness at first but by obedience attained unto that power, and the 
saints by obedience attain unto the like power ; for John says, — " to 
as many as believed on him he gave power to become Son's of God." 
Knowledge is power. Man's advancem.ent to this sphere is in pro- 
portion to his application of the knowledge given, and the knowledge 
given is in proportion to man's obedience, the ultimate end of which 
is the possession of power and authority to rule. Now to the exercise 
of these powers : there must be subjects and these subjects must have 
locality wherein to dwell, for to suppose the first to exist without the 
latter is absurd. 

These subjects are those given to them by the Lord. Abraham 
will stand at the head of his posterity, because by obedience he had 
them sealed unto him as an everlasting inheritance. Moses stands 
at the head of the dispensation given unto him. Joseph will stand 
at the head of this dispensation. The Saviour being the first that 
attained unto his exhaltation ; He is raised by the power of the 
Father, and receiveth power to raise others, and thus he attains unto 
the ])ower and title given unto him by the Prophet — that He was to 
be the ^' everlasting Father." Such as obey the laws the Lord hath 
laid down are exhalted, and receive power to exhalt others. It is on 



141 

account of this power to exlialt others that the Lord is designated a 
Saviour; the Lord through Isaiah, says,— "A just God and a 
Saviour besides me tliere is none." The Son having obeyed the 
Father in all things has the like power committed unto him. He 
said, — "As the Father hath life in himself so hath he given the Son 
to have life in himself;" in another place He saith, — "As the Father 
raiseth up the dead and quickneth, even so the Son quickneth Avhom 
He will ;" in Revehition he saith, — "He that overcometh I will give 
to sit in my throne, even as I also overcame and am set down with 
my Father in His throne." It is because it is through this power 
given unto Him by the Father, that as many of the children of Adam 
as are exhalted obtain thereunto, that He his called the Saviour of 
men. 

The Prophet calls those Saviours who shall attain unto the bles- 
sings of the last days ; He says, — " Saviours shall come up on Mount 
Zion. The way in which they become Saviours, is by obeying the 
word, entering into the Temple and observing those ordinances for 
the dead which they cannot observe themselves. The Apostles in 
the Corinthians has given some little light on this subject in the pas- 
sage — " Else what shall they do who are baptized for the dead." 
That something can be done for the dead is evident from the fact 
that Christ went to prc^ach to them that were in prison. Those who 
thus act in behalf of the dead, will stand in a like position to 
them as Abraham to his posterity. This power will be given unto 
them through the Phrophet Joseph, he having received the same 
through Christ, with whom they shall reign as kings and priests. 
He (Christ) being King of Kings and Lord of Lords. Thus they 
will attain to be kings of righteousness. He being at their head ; but 
they are to obtain unto a fulness, their Father's name (God) is to be 
wTitten on their foreheads ; they must then have a spht re in which 
to move as Gods, otherwise their glory would be to them no glory at 
all ; to possess capacities and powers to organize and govern without 
spheres in which these may be exercised, in place of glory and hap- 
piness, it would be ignomy and misery. But that they are to have 
a sphere in which their capacities and powers can b;^ fully excercised 
is evident from the parable read ; there we find that to one was given 
ten cites, to another live, to every man according to his fidelity ; 
also from the words of Christ, — "And I appoint unto you a king- 
dom ;" again in Revelations,—"! will give him the morning 
star." 

To be Gods implies the possession not only of a fulness of wisdom 
and knowledge but also power, power to create or organize ; there 
nmst also be matter to be organized, and tliere must be a continued 
increase of systems, organized by such as attain unto this power and 
glory; each stands at the head of the systems over which they are 
respectively placed, and are the head or father's of those who inhabit 
them, just as Father Adam is the head of the human family. 

Perhaps some one is ready to cry out, what Brother Jones, do you 
mean to say that Father Adam is our God ? Well I will answer by 
asking and answering another question : What is the nature of God's 



142 

government ? — It is Patriarclial ? To illustrate the subject, I will refer 
to a family circle. — Let us suppose a father ruling his family in 
wisdom and goodness, eve?y person moving in their proper places, 
the word of such a father is the law^ of government for that family. 
He is, as it were, a God unto them ; the family attains unto maturity, 
then each son organizes a family for himself, and he in relation to 
his family stands in the like position as his father did to him ; but 
does he here throw off the restraint of the father, by no means, for 
that which he saw his father do, he does ; his family are governed in 
like manner, and by the same laws, and should he lack in anything, 
he would apply to his own father wiiose word would be the rule of 
action ; carry the figure out to the fourth generation, and then we 
should have the great-grandson governing his family by the laws 
and counsel of the great-grandfather. If w^e carry this back from 
generation to generation, until w^e come to the first man, Adam, we 
shall then see the relation that he stands in to the hum.an family. 
But says one, v»ill not the world rise against such a doctrine, and 
with one voice declare it blasphemy. To this I will answer: — Was 
it not blasphemy to them when the Prophet declared that an angel 
had ministered unto him, yea, the world said that the first principles 
of the Gospel were blasphemy, not only so, but they said the same of 
the Holy Priesthood received through the ministration of Peter^ 
James, John, of the commands to gather and to build temples. When 
the Lord revealed the law, through which man is exhalted in the 
eternal world, they with one consent cried blasphemy, every prin- 
ciple of truth connected with salvation, will be blasphemy to the 
w^orld. 

Father Adam is not the only God spoken of in Scriptures, for the 
Apostles says, — ''There be Gods many, and Lords many, but to us 
there is but one God the Father." God is one eternal round. 

I f:r)cv I hear some say, you have now gone out of the Bible, for 
thi? doctrine can never be substantiated therefrom. 

Well I know there are many people that will not believe anything 
unless it can be proved from the Bible ; yet, there are many things 
that are true that cannot be proved from the Sacred Writings. Did 
Abraham and the other ancients seek proof for that which was com- 
municated to them by iha Lord or his Servants ? but here again we 
can bring the Bible to our aid. We find that our Saviour com- 
manded us to commence praying with the following asseveration : — 
" (Jnr Father." Christ is also called our Elder Brother. How 
could the one be our Father unless we had proceeded from him in 
the relation of children ? How could Christ be our brother unless 
he with us had proceeded from the same Father? but it may be 
asked do not the Scriptures represent God as the Father of many 
other things besides man V I answer No ! they never represent him 
as tlie Father of the animal, nor of that wdiich we call the inanimate 
creation. 

W^e also by reference to the first chapter of Genesis find, that 
when Adam was placed on the earth he had absolute power to rule 
and govern. In the 26th verse it is recorded, — "And Ged said, let 



MS make man in our own image after our own likeness, and let them 
have dominion over the tish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, 
and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping 
thing that creepeth over the earth." Here then is the testimony of 
the Bible ; it does not mean anything less than is here positiv^ely 
stated. But it will be here objected that Adam fell and became a 
transgressor. In reference to this I would say, that he had an un- 
derstanding in this thing ; the Book of Mormon says, that Adam fell 
that men might be ; and Paul in reference to the same subject says : 
*'Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the 
transgression." 

But we tind by a revelation given to the Prophet Joseph, in 
December, 1830, that the Lord said unto Adam, — " Behold I have 
forgiven thee thy transgressions in the garden of Eden ;" by this he 
would be restored to the power and glory from wiiich he fell. T!iis 
will appear more clear from the 12th chapter of Daniel. We find 
there that at the time of the end, Michael shall stand up, the great 
prince which standeth for the children of thy people, and there shall 
be a time of trouble such as never was since there was a nation, 
even to that same time ; and at that time thy people shall be 
delivered every one that shall be found written in the book. In the 
7th chapter he is called the "ancient of days," and the description 
there given of him is the same as is given of God in other i)laces. 
One like the Son of man comes to him and receives from him 
dominion, glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations and lan- 
guages should serve him ; his dominion is an everlasting dominion, 
which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not 
be destroyed. That Michael the prince and the ancient of days, are 
the same personage is clear from that which is to accompany their 
appearance. 

Who can the ancient of days be, but he that has the most ancient 
relation to time on this earth ? this must be father Adam ! but we 
are not left in doubt on this subject, for we are told in the revelations 
given to the Church in these days, tliat Adam in the Valley of 
Adam-ondihman blessed his posterity that were righteous, and that 
the Lord appeared unto them, and that they rose up and blessed 
Adam and called him Michael, the Prince, the Archangel. And the 
Lord comforted Adam and said unto him, — " I have set thee to be 
at the head ; a multitude of nations shall come out of thee ; and thou 
art a prince over them for ever. 

Here bretheren is the truth. What are you going to do with it ? 
have you come into the kingdom of God laying down boundaries for 
the revelations of the Lord ! saying,^ — " thus far must they go and 
no further." Can the Sectarians give you the same evidence for any 
of their systems that you have received in favour of this work ? If 
you should doubt pray to your Father in heaven, but do not rebel 
against the authority of the priesthood, for I tell you, it is folly for 
you to pray to the Father if you reject His word, or rebel against 
His messengers. The power of God is with us now as it was in 
ancient times. The Lord aillict^d the people of old for rebelling' 



144 

against His autboritv ; in the days of Christ and his Apostles it was 
the same and it will be the same in this dispensation. The only 
way to obtain the favour and blessings of the Lord is by faith and 
ob:i'dience. Truths are being made known, principles revealed, that are 
necessary unto salvation. The Saints know them to be truths by 
the spirit of the Lord given unto them through obedience. The 
world have not the spirit of the Lord, therefore they cannot know 
nor understand the things of God. May the Lord bless you all. 
Amen. 

The Hue-and-cry ; or, v^here are the False Prophets and 
Lying Spirits that are Deceiving the Nations. 

(Continued from page 103). 

We now come to examine the passages in reference to the lying 
spirits that are to go forth to deceive the nations of the earth ; the 
ilrst passage we shall refer to is in Rev. 16, 13, 14, — " And 1 saw 
three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, 
and out of the month of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false 
prophet, for they are the spirits of devils working miracles which go 
forth unto the kings of the whole earth and of the whole world, to 
gather tbem to the ^battle of the great day of God Almighty." 

We call the readers serious attention to the following particulars 
in reference to this passage :— First, they are spirits Oi devils or 
lying spirits ; Second, that they will perform miracles for accom- 
plishing the end of their mission ; Third, their mission will be to 
the kings of the earth, and through them to the whole world to unite 
them togetli! r, and to gather them to the battle of the great day of 
God Almighty. 

In the 14th chap, of Zech. we find a paralel passage to this, it is 
there recorded: — "Behold the day of the Lord cometh and thy spoil 
shall be divided in the midst of thee, for I will gather all nations 
against Jerusalem to battle, and the city shall be taken, and the 
houses rifled, and the women ravished, and half of the city shall go 
forth to captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off 
from the city Then shall the Lord go forth and fight against those 
nations as when he fought in the day of battle. And His feet shall 
stand (m that day upon the Mount of (Jlives, which is before Jerusalem 
on the east ; and the Mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst 
thereof towards the east and towards the west, and there shall be a 
great valley ; and half the mountain shall remove towards the north 
and half towards the south." That these two passages refer to the 
same event will be evident from the following considerations: — First, 
in Zechariah we find the Jews gathered, Jerusalem built as toAvns 
vvithout walls. In Kevclations there is a great city. Ihe nations 
are gathered to battle ; it must be against some people not included 
among the nations, and against some place not implied in the term 
ciiies of the nations. Now what people on earth that are not inclu- 
ded amon"" the nations, are to obtain power in the last days (we 
presume no one one will dispute that the passage has reference to 



145 

that period of time) to build a city against which the nations of the 
earth will gather to battle, save the Jews. Jerusalem on many 
accounts may be called the great city. 

Second. — The Lord says through Zechariah, " I will gather all 
nations against Jerusalem." That is, in the economy of His provi- 
dence he will permit such influences to exist as shall accomplish 
that object. How it will be brought about is plainly told in Reve- 
lations. The agents are three unclean spirits like frogs; the objects 
on whom they will act are the kings of the eartli, and of the whole 
world ; the source of their influence over these kings is in their power 
to work miracles. 

Third. — That in connexion with these events the Lord (that is the 
Saviour) is to appear, and that for the deliverance of His people. 
Zechariah says, "And his feet shall stand upon Mount Olives." 
Revelations, — " Behold I come quickly." 

Fourth. — The manner in which the deliverance is to be eff"ected. 
In Revelations we are told that the great City is not to fall, but that 
it is to be divided unto three parts ; by Zechariah we are plainly 
told how this is to be accomplished. When the Saviour's feet touch 
the Mount of Olives it shall cleave in the midst thereof, one half 
moving towards the north the other towards the south, intersecting 
Jerusalem, dividing it into two parts, one to the east the other to the 
west, forming a valley in the centre ; that portion circumscribed 
within the precincts of the city form the third part, into which the 
distressed, afflicted, and almost hopeless Jews flee for deliverance. — 
*' And the Lord my God shall come and all His Saints with Him," — 
and Jude tells us that Enoch the seventh from Adam prophesied of 
the sam i event saying, — " Behold the Lord cometh with ten thou- 
sand of His Saints." The end for which they were to appear was to 
execute judgment upon all, and to copvince all tliat are ungodly 
among them, of their ungodly deeds which they fiavc ungodly com- 
mitted. 

Fifth. — The nature of the victory or conquest that was to be effect- 
ed ; it was to be complete and universal. Revelations, 16 chap. 18 
to 21.—" And there were voices, and thunders, and lightenings ; and 
there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon 
the earth, so mighty an earthquake and so great, ^^ * * * * 
And the cities of the nations fell, and great Babylon came in remem- 
beranoe before God to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierce- 
ness of his wrath. And the islands fled away, and the mountains 
were not found. And there fell upon men great hail out of heaven, 
€very stone about the w^eight of a talent, and men blasphemed God 
because of the plague of the hail, for the plague thereof was exceeding 
great." In the 19 chap. 17 to 21 verses, we read — " And I saw 
another angel in the sun ; and he cried with a loud voice, saying, to 
all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, come and gather yourself 
together unto the great supper of the great God ; that ye may eat 
the flesh of KINGS, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty 
men, and the flesh of horses, and them that sit on them, and the flesh 
of ail men, both free and bond, both small and great." 



146 

"And I saw the beast, and tlie Kings of the earth and their 
armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat upon the 
horse, and against his army. And the beast was taken and with 
him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with whicJi 
he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them 
that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into the lake 
of fire burning with brimstone. And the remnant were slain with 
the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which sword proceeded out 
of his mouth : And all the fowls were filled with their flesh. 

Zech. 14, chap. \2, 13, 15. — And this shall be the plague were- 
wiih the Lord will smite all the people that have fought against Je- 
rusalem : their flesh shall consume away while she stand upon their 
feet, and their eyes shall consume away in their holes, and their 
tongues shall consume away in their mouth. And it shall come to 
pass in that day, that a great tumult from the Lord shall be among 
them, and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his neighbour 
and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbour. And 
so shall be the plague of the horse, of the mule, of the camel, and of 
ihe ass, and of all the beasts that shall be in these tents. 

Ezek. speaking or' the same event in the 38, chap, 14 to 23 verses 
saith. Thus saith the Lord God; in that day when my peo{)le of Is- 
rael dwelleth safely, shalt thou (Gog) not know it ; and thou shalt 
come out of thy place out of the North parts, thou and many peo^ 
pie with thee, all of them riding upon horses, a great company and 
a mighty army : and thou shalt come up against my people Israel, 
as a cloud to cover the land; it shall be in the latter days^ and I 
will bring thee against my land, that the heathen may know me, when 
1 will be sanctified in thee, O Gog, before their eyes. Thus saith 
the Lord God, art thou he of whom I have spoken in old time by my 
servants, the prophets of Israel, which prophesied in those days many 
years that I would bring thee against them? And it shall come to 
pass at the same time, when Gog shall come against the land of Israel, 
saith the Lord God, that my fury shall come up in my face. For 
in my jealousy and in the tire of my wrath have I spoken. Surely, 
in that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israel ; so 
that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts 
of the field, and all the creeping things that creep upon the earth, and 
all the men that are upon the face of the earth, shall shake at my 
presence, and all the mountains shall be thrown down, and the steep 
places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground. And I will 
call for the sword against him throughout all my mountains, saith the 
Lord God : every man's sw^ord shall be against his brother. And I 
will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain 
upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that are 
with hiniy an overflowing rain, and great hail stone^ fire and brim- 
stone. 

39, chap. 17 to 21 verses.— "And thou Son of Man, thus saith the 
Lord God, speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the 
field, assemble yourselves, and come ; gather yourselves on every 
side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, even a great sacrifice 



147 

upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh of the mighty, and 
drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of 
goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan. And ye shall eat 
lat till ye be full, and drink blood till ye be drunken of my sacrifice 
which 1 have sacrificed for you. Thus shall ye be filled at my table 
with horses and chariots, with mighty men, and with all men of war, 
saith the Lord God. 

Revelation 14, chap. 19, 20 verses. — And the angel thurst in his 
sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth into the great 
wine press of the wrath of God. And the wine press was troden 
without the city, and the blood came out of the wine press even unto 
the horse bridle by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs. 

Sixth — .From the effects that are to follow the conquest. That 
Christ will be established and acknowledged sole King of the whole 
€arth, anil Israel permantly established in their own lands and in their 
own possessions. 

Revelations 20, chap. 4, 6, verses. — '' And I saw thrones, and they 
sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them : and I saw the 
souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for 
the word of God, and which had not worshiped the beast, neither his 
image neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their 
hands ; and they lived andreigned with CHRIST a thousand years. 
They shall be priests of God and oi Christ, and shall reign with him 
(Christ) a thousand years'' 

Zech. 14, chap. 9, 10, 11 verses. — " And the Lord shall be King 
over all the earth ; in that day their shall be one Lord, and his name 
one." See Ezek. 37, 22. All the land shrill be turned as a plain from 
Gebo to I\immon south of Jerusalem: and it shall be lifted up, and 
inhabited in her pladi, from Benjamin's gate unto the place of the 
first gate, unto the corner gate, and from the tower ot Hananeel unto 
the king's wine-presses. And men shall dwell in it, and thers shall 
be no more utter destruction ; but Jesusalem shall be safely inhabited 
1 6, verse. — '* And it shall come lo pass, that every one of all that is 
left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up 
from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of Hosts, and to 
keep tlie feast of tabernacles, 20, and 21. — " In that day shall there be 
upon the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD; 
and the pots in the Lords liouse shall be like the bowls before the 
alter, yea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto 
the LORD of Hosts, and all they that sacrifice shall come and take 
them, and see therein : and in that day there shall be no more 
the Cananite in the house of the LORD of Hosts." 

Ezek. 39, 21 , 22 verses. — " And I will set my glory among the hea- 
then, and the heathen shall see my judgment that 1 have executed, 
and my hand that I have laid upon them, so the house of Israel shall 
know that I am the LORD iheir God, 27 verse. — "When I have 
brought them again from the people, and gathered them from out of 
their enemie's lands; and am sanctified in them in the sight of 
many nations 28. — '* I hen shall they know that 1 am the LOR,D their 
God, which I caused them to be lead into captivity among the hea- 



148 

It I have gathered them unto their own land, and have left 
wo//eofthem any more there; 29. — Neither will 1 hidemy face a/iy 
more jrom them', for I have poured out my spirit upon the house 
of Isrnel saith tlie Lord God." See .6, chap 20. to 28. Jeremiah 
31,27, to 40. 

From the foregoing remarks it must appear clear that the passage 
in Rev. 16, !3, and 14, has reference to the same perod and events 
that are foretold by Zech. in the 14, chip. The qaes'ion now sug- 
gests itself. Can this passage by any means be made to apply to the 
Elders of the church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints? We 
boldly answer they cannot, and defy any one by any process of torti- 
ous reasoning or otherwise to apply them to those tliders or their min- 
istrations, and that for the following reasons. 1st, They are not lying 
spirits, such spirits have always in their mouths in reference to the 
commands of God, the mysterious yet very important sentence. It 
shall not be so, but the Elders of Isr el say in reference to all (fod's 
commandments. It shall he so. He that believeth and is BAP- 
TISED shall be saved. He tl)at fleeth from Babylon, in obedience 
to the commandments of God, to the place of saf. ty that He hath 
appointed, shall be delivered from the judgments with which Babylon 
will be visited, and he that does not obey these commandments shall 
be destroyed^ with this corrupt and iniquitious power. 2nd The 
Elders or Israel view the Jews as their brethren, the children of 
Abraham their common father, and one of the apostles of this church 
(Orson Hyde) years ago was sent on a Mission to Palestine, tjie ob- 
ject of that Mission was to facilitate the gathering of his brethren 
of the house of Judah, to the land of their inheritance, by removing 
from that land the curse placed thereon by the God of their fathers. 
This curse was placed upon that land by the jfTophets of the Lord, 
who held the keys and powers to bless and curse, to bind and loose, 
and it had to be removed by one or more holding the like power and 
authority, for the prophet Amos, 4, chap 7 verse, says, ''Surely the 
Lord God will do nothing, but revealeth his secret unto his servants 
the prophets." 

3rd — The message of the spirits referred to is to be the kings of 
the earth, to unite tliem upon the face of the whole world, that they 
may exercise the power and authority with which they are vested, for 
gathering of their subjects against Jerusalem, to destroy it, and the 
portion of the house of Israel inliabiting it. But the message b me 
by the Elders of the cliurch of Jesus I'hrist of Latter-day Saints is 
to all, but especially to the afflicted and oppressed ; yet honest por- 
tion of mankind, to gather them to a land of blessing and liberty, 
where they are to dwell until Jesus Christ is revealed from heaven^ 
when they expect to accompany him, in company with the rest of his 
saints for the purpose of delivering the Jews, destroying the nations, 
and permanently establishing the authority of Christ over the whole 
earth. The next passage we shall refer to, as cited by the hireling 
priests of the day, against the servants of the Lord, is to be found in 
2 Thes. 2, 9- '' Even him whose coming is after the working 
of Satan^ with all power and signs, and lying wonders." That there 



149 

is here a reference to the same power as that described in Rev. and 
in Zechiriali will appi ar quite clear from the verse preceeding; we are 
there told that the Lord shall consume that wicked one whose coming 
is with all poweVy and signs and lying wonders; with spirit of his 
nioutli, and the time when this is to be fully accomjjlished is clearly 
told in the sentence " and shall destroy ivilh the brightness of his 
tominr/j Christ is to appeur and wickedness to be destroyed at the time 
when He and a 1 his Saints with him shall appear for the deliverance 
o\ the Jews, and to take vengence upon them that know not God and 
have no', obey d the Gospd. '\\\\s passage applying to the same 
time and events as the one in Rev., cannot be made to apply to the 
Llders of Israel for the reasons before mentioned. 

We have clearly shown that theory of false propliets, lying spirits 
that is raised ag^iinst the prophet Joseph Smiih, or the servants of the 
Lord ordained to the authority of the Holy Priesthood through him, 
has no foundation in truth or reason, that they are only t!ie effusions 
of minds aiike ignorant of Joseph Smith and the principles revealed 
by him, or infuriated and maddened at their own inpotency to meet the 
simple yet powerful truths of the Gosptd ; but we must now proceed 
to show where these false prophets and lying spirits are. 

We fearlessly turn around upon these Sectarian Priests and charge 
them with being the false teachers and the lying spirits that have, 
are, and will continue to deceive the nations of the earth ; and the 
first evidence that we shall advance in favour of this charge Is, the 
use they make of the little monosylable "not," so much appreciated 
by the devil who is the father of lies. Though the Lord has plainly 
said in Mark, 16 chap. 16 verse, — "He that believeth and IS BAP- 
TISED shall be saved." They say if you only believe and are not 
baptised you shall be saved, for baptisem is not necessary unto sal- 
vation; and also when the Saviour said, "Verily, verily, I say unto 
thee, except a man be born of WATE K and the Spirit he cannot enter 
into the Kingdom of God." He did not mean water ; and although Ee 
has said that without it man cawy/o^ enter into the Kingdom of God, 
they say that without it man cannot enter into that kingdom. Who 
speaks the truth, Christ or these modern Teachers '? If Christ taught 
truth, it must be clear that they nmst teach under the influence of 
LYING Spirits ! Christ said, " That these signs should follow {all) 
them that believe." They say they shall not^ because they are not 
needed. 

The Apostle Paul says, that Apostles and Prophets are standing 
officers in the Church of Christ until it is perfected ; they say they 
are not^ and the only reason that they give to confirm their statement 
is, the fact that they are alike destitute of the power and authority 
of those officers and of gifts of the Holy Ghost. The second evidence 
that we shall adduce to substantiate this charge is, their correspon- 
dence, in every particular, to the prophetic description of this wicked 
power. 

The Apostle Paul in the 11th of Romans, cautions the Gentiles, 
saying, — " Be not high minded but fear : for if God spired not the 
natural branches, take heed lest he al:j0 spare not thee. Behold 
therefore the good;-ess and severity of God on them which fell 



150 

severity ; bul towards thee, goodness, if tliou continue in his good- 
ness ; otherwise thou also shall be cut off." The same Apostle has 
told us in 2 Thes., that the day of the Lord Jesus Christ cannot 
come unless there be a falling away first, and that wicked one be re- 
vealed, who works ''with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in 
them that perish ;" and 2 Tim, >^, he has (riven a further description 
of this power which is very concisely expressed in the 5th verse, — 
" Hav^ing a Ibrm of godhness but denying the powder thereof," he 
calls such in another place ''seducing spirit who teach doctrines of 
devils, (Mark the little word not before alluded to) speaking lies 
in hypocrisy," that is, pretending to believe the Bible, yet denying 
its plainest statement whether they are in the form of prophesy or 
commandments. The Apostle Peter has given us a good description 
of their standing in society. See 2 Peter, 2 chap., — We are there 
told tiiat those upon whom the lying spirits shall act are to be 
Teachers, teachers for hire ; for through covetousness they will 
make merchandize of the people. They are to bring in damnable 
heresies, (what more damnable heresy can there be than to say no! 
when God says yes!) they are to deny the second coming of Christ 
with all the power and blessings that are to accompany him, scoffing 
at the very idea of such things. Micah, in the S chap., speaks of the 
same class of persons, and says of them — that they *" judge for a 
reward," *' teach for hire," " divine for money ;" a priestcraft of Baal, 
which the Lord never established, and He will never acknowledge it^ 
but has plainly told us by Peter, that although their judgment has 
lingered a long time, yet their damnation slumbereth not. 

Great as is the power of the false teachers, mighty as their in- 
fluence is, it has yet to be moie fully revealed in the last (!a)s, for 
uniting them as the common enemies of God and His purposes on 
this subject; we refer the reader to an article published in the 
** Watchman," headed " The Coming Crisis." 

We have now fully established the innocence of the Servants of the 
Lord, of charges laid against them, and the guilt of the hireling 
Teachers of the Day. VV'e now call upon them and all people to 
believe in God and in His Son Jesus Christ, to repent of their sins, 
and forsake their priestcraft, and be baptized in the name of Jesus 
for the remission of their sins. And we promise all who will obey 
the Gospel in sincerity and truth, that they shall receive the Holy 
Ghost, by which they will know of tt^e doctrine that it is of God, for 
His promises are yea and Amen in Chiist, with him there is neither 
variableness nor shadow of a turning. 



THE MORMONS IN SAN BERNARDINO. 
(From the " Daili/ Alta California.") 



Among the many singular features of Califoi-nia, one worthy of especial notice, is the San Bernar- 
dino settlement of Mormons— genuine Latter-day Saints, who believe that Jo Smith (not John) had a 
direct commission from Heaven to convert the earth, and to preach the only true doctrine suited to the 
advanced position of our times, — and who follow his evangel as their pillar of fire by night and cloud 
by day, through the wilderness of life. 

The persecution of the Mormons in Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois, made them wanderers. Previous to 
'45 they had sent forth emissaries to seek a Canaan, it being nearly plain that they could not remain 



151 

in peace in the Mississippi Valley. Some of the emissaries came to California and made a favourabla 
report. In '47 a battalion of Mormons came with Colonel Cook to the Pacific coast, and many of them 
remained here. A Mormon discovered the first gold, at Sutter's Mill ; and the proximity of their set- 
tlement at Utah enabled them to be among the first to reap the golden harvest. The fam.ilies returned 
to Salt Lake, but carried back with them the fame of the fertile soil and sunny clime of the valley on 
the California coast. lu 1851, they determined to make a settlement near San Diego, to which point 
they have their shortest and best road to the Pacific. 

Amasa Lyman, one of the Twelve, and Elder C. C. Rich, were deputed, with the approval of Brigham 
Young, to choose the new home of five hundred immigrants ; and they purchased the San Bernardino 
Jianch, (on the San Diego and Salt Lake road,) with cattle, horses, &c., for 70,000 Dollars. In the fall 
of 1851 the immigrants arrived, fenced in a lot of 2000 acres, built a fort for protection against the In- 
dians, put in their grain, and built houses. The large enclosure was not common property, but each 
person had his share to sow and reap. There were some difficulties, quarrels among the congregation, 
AS well as want sand trials, during the first j^ear, but the settlement prospei-ed, as every Mormon settle- 
ment has. Roads were made : houses, grist mills and saw mills were built ; new immigrants arrived ; and 
in '52, before the colony was a year old, they sent flour to the San Francisco market, and made large 
purchases of San Francisco merchandise. 

The present population is something more than a thousand, and it promises to increase. In no por- 
tion of the State is there a more busy or thriving settlement, or one which, in proportion to number, 
is working more effectively. 

They promise that San Bernardino shall be the most beautiful city of California; and to judge by 
their beginning, and what they have done elsewhere, their promise will be kept. 

By the last Legislature, San Bernardino was constituted a separate county, and thus the Mormons 
have a little government of their own. Jefferson Hunt has been elected as their representative in the 
next Legislature. Their nominal spiritual leader is their Bishop, Crosby, but Rich is perhaps more in- 
fluential. 

Their valley is an exceedingly beautiful place, with great natural advantages. It is about thirty 
miles long, by east and west, and fifteen miles wide, by north and south. On the east is the San Bar- 
nardino moimtain, which rises almost to the region of perpetual snow, and from the foot hills of which 
numerous and beautiful springs flow. Besides a multitude of springs, the valley is watered by the 
Santa Anna river. About sixty miles to the southwest is the coast — Los Angclos being sixty miles, 
San Pedro sev«nty-five miles, and San Diego eighty miles distant. 

San Diego is intended to be the principal trading point for the settlement. The distance from Salt 
Lake City is about eight hundred miles in a southwest direction. The road is good, considerably bet- 
ter than any other from Bear River Valley to the Pacific. The greater part of the way there is plenty 
of Avater and grass ; and in some places there is good timber. 

The Saints have already awakened to the importance of a railroad — to the construction of which the 
route is favourable ; and if once the leaders declare it must be made, then it will be made ; and it is 
not improbable that it will be the first finished portion of the Pacific Railroad. 

The Mormons are generally looked upon as good neighbours, and are considered as upright and moral 
as the majority of the citizens of California. Little is said of the polygamic doctrines ; and for the 
sake of peace they will probably not introduce the practice into the State. Our State is fortunately 
free from the prejudices and hate against the Mormons, which prevailed in the Mississipi valley — 
and it is to be hoped that it will continue so. 

Their doctrines will command no great reverence ; but they are not to be overthrown by persecution 
or ridicule. 

It is worthy of notice, that the discoverer of gold, the first farmer, and the wealthiest man in Cali- 
fornia, are or were all Mormons. 



GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. 



The work of the Lord is rolling forth throughout the Colony, and 
it is exciting much opposition especially on the part of the Clergy. 
In Sydney the bitterness of their feeling is peculiarly manifested in 
their counsel to their flock, whose fleece they are in i'ear of losing. 
Tracts are circulated mis-representing the principles of truth ; visitors 
go abroad impunging the moral standing of the Saints. Priests rise 
up and lecture against the revelations of God, being inspired by the 
l}ing spirits that are deceiving the nations of the earth; they pour 
forth their ebulutions with a rancour and bitterness of soul paraleled 
only in the history of that corrupt and abominable power, the Church 
of Rome, who is the whore of all the earth and the mother of harlots ; 
that is, the mother of the Protesting and Dissenting Churches. 

One of the Rev. Gentlemen, Dr. Fullerton, at the close of his 
Lecture on Mormonism, counselled those present to **Have nothing 
to do with Mormons, shun them as your deadliest enemies, burn 
their books;" there was another sentence added but delivered in so 
low a tone that we could not distinctly hear it. We often ask our- 
selves the question in reference to this sentence — What was it? — 



152 

And burn the Mormons to! That the like counsel to this is going 
round the congre<j,ations of this Colony we are persuaded, and its 
influence upon the public mind has begun to be manifested; in one 
instance a number of these slaves of the hirelings rushed in upon a 
brother, and assaulted him in the most brutal manner, without the 
least provocation, he has since been told that it served him right, 
because he was not of the right faith, biit was a Pagan. And the 
President of th^ Sydney Branch was brutally assaulted by four ruth- 
less ruffians, who on iUe 2nd instant, rushed upon him witli all the 
ferocity of fiends just let lose. 

The Half-yearly Conierence of the Church will be held on Sunday, 
October 1st, in the Assembly Rooms, King-street, Sydney ; the 
Saints adjacent to this place are invited to attend. 

We have received advices from the G. S, L., they come to hand 
too late for our present issue, we shall give a fuller account in our 
next. We will here inform our readers that Jedediah M. Grant has 
succeeded President Willard Richards, diseased. 

Franklin D. Richards, one of the Twelve Apostles, has again 
resumed his office as President of the Mission to the British Isles, 
and liditor of "The Star;" and all communications to the Office 
in Liverpool, are in future to be addressed to F. D. Richards. 

We have received through 'The Star," the Eleventh General 
Epistle of the First Presidency, we shall give extracts in our next. 

We have just received information of the safe arrival of the com- 
pany that left here March 22nd, at San Pedro. 



LINES 

ON THE DEATH OF ELDER WILLARD RICHARDS, OF THE FIRST 

PRECEDENCY. 

We sigh for the Herald that's now gone away, 
To brave Joseph and Hyrum dear ; 
From Brigham and Heber, the stars of the day, 
To commune with the heavenly seer. 

With dazzling lustre he shone in storey. 
Within the valleys of the west ; 
He's gone with his robes and pass-words of glory, 
To enter the joys of his rest. 

Now angelic daughters of Ephraim's race, 
Let Willard's laurels dry your tears 
Until he does come back for your release, 
That you may move in higher spheres. 

; He's gone to the, realms of enless fame, 
..i . Where ,kii>gs and qiieens dp not sever; 
i.c When Shiloh and Joseph shall com^iback again, 

^v:u:i Then -Willard's eijcalted forever. John McCarthy 



>..: 



Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Published by A. Famham, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

C6uiT]& of S)e£(usf €inm of ^mtv^n^ ^amtiS, 

IN SYDNEY. 



" HE THAT READETH LET HIM UNDERSTAND." 

'■ - !'■ --■■■■ 

Nos. 20-21. SATURDAY, OCTOBER, 14, 1851 Vol.1 



AN EPISTLE OF THE PRESIDENCY OF THE AUSTRALIAN 

MISSION. 

To THE Saints in Australasia, Greeting: 



Beloved Brethl-en, it is now eii^hteen months since we took upon us the 
Presidency of the mission to Australasia, having been appointed to that power, 
by the authorites in Zion. 

The peculiar message that we brought, (the marriage law of the new and 
everlasting covenant,) was the source of great difficulties and some degree 
of opposition, but by the spirit of the Lord we have been enabled to regulate 
the teaching and instructions relative to that law, and the high and holy prin- 
ciples upon which it is founded, according to the capacities of the Saints 
and the degree of their faith ; and in every instance where our counsel has 
been obeyed, the Saints have stood faithful, and they have received light 
and intelligence upon those principles until their prejudices have been allayed 
and they established in the truth. 

For this and other kindred objects the " Zion's Watchman" was issued 
and we feel thankful to our Heavenly Father, that in no very small degree 
it has accomplished that end. Its influence has been felt, not only amoncr 
the Saints, but also throughout every ramification of society, for being widely 
and gratuitously circulated, it has thus been read by all classes in these co- 
lonies, and has thus been instrumental of much good. 

The gratuitous circulation of the " Watchman," and the heavy expenses 
under which it is published, has caused us to struggle under great pecuniary 
difficulties. We thank such of the Saints, as have rendered us assistance 
in bearing its expenses, and pray that our Heavenly Father may bless and 
prosper them : such as have not assisted, we exhort to greater faithfulness 
and dilligence in obeying counsel ; we say to all Saints, lay aside all selfish 
feelings and worldly-mindedness, and freely contribute of your substance for 
the rolling forth of the work of the Lord, and we say unto you, in the name 
of the Lord, that inasmuch as you shall obey our counsel, you shall be blessed 
spiritually and temporally, and that to your own astonishment. 

Our counsel to all the Elders in these colonies is, to preach the first prin- 
ciples of the gospel in all simplicity, walking before the Lord with a meek and 
humble spirit, enforcing the principles you preach, by a pure and holy life. 
Watch and pray lest you be entangled in the wiles of the adversary, and do 
that which will ^?ring reproach on the work of the Lord, and disgrace you, 
before him and His servants. Let all be subject to the counsel of those set 



154 

over them, and the Lord shall bless your labors, provide for your wants, and 
cause your hearts to rejoice and be glad. 

To the Saints we say, constantly bear in mind your high and holy calling, 
lay aside all trifling and bickerings, let every family be set in order ; go. not 
out of your dwellings in the morning, nor lay yourselves down at night, with- 
out commending yourselves and families into the hands of the Lord. Sustain 
by your faith and prayers the Authorities of the Church in your midst, 
yeilding a ready obedience to their counsel, and the Lord will bless you with 
His spirit. "^ 

To the poor Saints we say, lay aside every degree of extravagance, let 
your wants be few and simple, and only such as are necessary ; let every- 
thing be managed with economy and prudence, laying aside all you can for 
gathering ; if you are faithful and diligent in doing your part, the Lord will 
do His, and you will be gathered; — bear inniind that it is the faithful Saints 
that the Lord will gather. 

Let all the Saints in the colonies, excepting the American Elders, and 
such as shall receive private counsel to act otherwise, prepare to flee to 
Zion. Let all whose circumstances will permit commence to arrange their 
affairs, so that they may be ready to go in the next company, which will 
leave about x\pril next. Our counsel is that all who can do so, should 
gather up at that time ;— let the Saints obey this counsel and they shall be 
blessed. We would remind them that the time is very short when the 
difficulties in the \vay of gathering will be much greater than at present ; for 
there is a day of darkness, trouble, and affliction hovering over these lands. 

It makes our hearts rejoice to learn of the prosperity of the work of the 
Lord throughout the land ; new fields of labor are opening calls for preaching 
from different places ; it is strictly true in reference to the work in these 
colonies that the harvest is great and the laborers few ; and we pray that 
the Lord may raise up more laborers. 

We were, during the first twelve months, materially aided in rolling forth 
the work, and in ruling and guiding the Church in these lands, by the wis- 
dom, zeal, energy and perseverance of Elder W. Hyde, who was appointed 
first counsellor by the Authorities in Zion, who in consequence of ill-health 
returned home in April last. Elder J. W. Fleming succeeded him, Elder B. 
Frost taking the place of the second counsellor. 

We hope continually to possess the confidence and prayers of the Saints, 
that we may with an undeviating integrity of purpose, do the will of the Lord, 
and that whilst we are in the world, we may be kept from the evil thereof, 
so that we may be constantly clothed upon with His spirit, and be qualified 
on all occasions to do the work that He hath given unto us. May peace, love, 
and union gi-eatly prevail, and the salvation of Israel's God attend His 
Saints in these lands. Amen. 

AUGUSTUS FARNHAM, 
JOSEPH W. FLEMING, 
BURR FROST. 



THE HALF-YEARLY CONFERENCE OF THE CHURCH OF 
JESUS CHRIST, OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS, HELD IN 
THE OLD AS.^EMBLY ROOMS, KING STREET, SYDNEY, 
SUNDAY, OCTOBER 1st, 1854. 

PRESENT 

' El'der Augustus Fafnham, President of the Australasian Mission. 



155 

Elder Josiah W. Firming, his fust counsellor. 

Travelling Elders, James Graham, John S. Eldridge, John M'Carthy, 
William Cooke. 

wSydney Branch, John Jones, President, and William Robb and Robert 
Evans his counsellors. 

Hunters River, John Penfold. 

The Services were opened with a prelude on the Harmonian, by Professor 
Nixon, late from London. When the 103rd Hymn was sung. 
. " Come Holy Spirit Heavenly dove ;" Prayer by Elder J. W. Fleming. 

Sung " Awake ye that slumber arise from the dust." 

Elder John Jones then declared the Meeting opened for the transaction of 
business, when it was moved, seconded and carried, that Elder Jones be the 
clerk of the conference. 

It was moved, seconded and carried, that Elder Augustus Farnham pre- 
side at this conference. 

It was then moved, seconded and carried, that Elder J. Jones be receiv- 
ed and sustained as President of the Sydney Branch, and W. Robb and R. 
Evans as his co\uisellors. 

It was moved, seconded and carried, that we receive and sustain Elder A. 
Farnham as President of the Australian Mission, and J. W. Fleming and 
B. Frost as his counsellors. 

The President then said that there had been some deaths among the au- 
thorities of the church in Zion, and it was not positively known w^ho had suc- 
ceeded to the vacancies thus made, therefore the receiving and sustaining all 
the authorities of the Church, will be embraced in one resolution. 

It was then moved, seconded and carried, that we receive and sustain Brig- 
ham Young as President of the Church of Jesus Christ throughout the 
world, and as our Prophet, Seer and Revelator in Israel, also that we receive 
and sustain his counsel, and all ahe authorities of the Church in Zicn and 
throughout the world. 

The President next called for the report of the travelling Elders : 

Elder J. W. Fleming rose and said that he had been travelling in com})any 
with J. S. Eldridge, immediately after last conference we proceeded up the 
S. W. section, visiting Penant Hills, Windsor, Richmond, Pitt 'i^wn, calling 
at Camden, were we baptized one, after which we returned to Sydney, when 
after spending half a day, we proceeded to tlie Hunters River. We have 
since then been travelling in that section, visiting Newcastle, Maitland, Hun- 
ter's River district, Clarence Town, Allen River, preaching at each of these 
places. 

We fovmd in that section 42 members, all in good standing save one ; we 
have also baptized 24, the total number of members are 66, 

The work of the T^ord in that section is prosperous, prospects are good, 
for many are believing, calls are being made for preaching, even from the 
head of the Allen River. The Lord has blessed us, the way has opened up 
before us, our m.inistrations have not failed in one instance, and we have not 
lacked for anything. 

Elder James Graham being called upon, said. Beloved brethren and friends, 
I am glad of the privilege of standing before you, have been travelling in 
the district of the Five Islands, before brother M'Carthy left, we baptized 
two, since then, there has been three more baptized, several others are be- 
lieving. It seems that the Lord has set his hand to do a work in that place, 
and I am helping him all I can. 

Elder John M'Carthy being called, said, that he had been travelling in the 



156 

district of the Five Islands, but found that field too narrow for two men to 
travel in, so I returned to Sydney, through Liverpool, Smithfield, Parra- 
matta, preaching at each place, but the people are very dark, not disposed 
to receive the truth. Since then I have been travelling, visiting different 
persons, especially the clergy, leaving with them pamphlets on the doctrines of 
church, have also been visiting and ])reaching at North Shore, where I have 
baptized two, they appear to be good Saints, and are present with us, there 
are others there who will obey the gospel. 

Elder W. Cooke being called, said, it is with peculiar feelings that I stand 
before you to represent the Victoria conference. 

This I do at the request of Elder Frost the President of that conference, 
there has been 22 baptisms since last report. There are five Branches con- 
taining 51 members, Seventy, 1 High Priest, 5 elders, 2 priests, 1 teacher. It 
is 15 months since I arrived here from California, and was baptized for the 
remission of my sins, and having received the Holy Ghost, by the laying on of 
hands I was enabled on the following Sunday to testify to the truth of this 
work, I was ordained an Elder and sent forth to preach the gospel, I proceeded 
to Melbourne where I found Elder Frost who was, and is doing his utmost to 
spread the work ; he has peculiar difficulties to contend with, more so perhaps 
than you have here, for the reason tliat the love of money has greater influence 
there than here, and it is also a younger colony, which causes the population to 
be more scattered, so that there are greater difficulties in the way of the saints 
gathering together, and of transit from one place to another, here you may jump 
into a coach or steamboat and visit the different fields of labour, while if he 
wants to visit any of the branches there, he must put his swag on his back and 
tramp it on foot. Before I came away there was a conference held at Castle- 
maine, but on account of these obstacles many could not attend ; yet the work 
of the Lord is rolling forth. President Frost sent Elder M'Knight to the new 
diggings to see if any opening could be made there, he returned and Elder 
Simons has been appointed on a mission to the Avoca diggings. 

Elder Cooke also stated that a letter had been received from Elder Paul, 
Smith, who is labouring at Geelong, which shewed that he was gaining influ- 
ence amongst that people, had hired the Masonic Hall to preach in, and was 
doing all he*x:ould to lay before them the principles of eternal life and sal- 
vation. 

The President rose and said that he had received a letter from Adelaide, 
the news from that place was cheering, for the Lord was blessing his ser- 
vants with much of His spirit, there ^ had been a public discussion on the 
principles of the gospel, the question being put to the vote at the close of the 
meeting the decission was given in favour of the Elders. They had just 
concluded a conference at which several w^ere called to the Holy priesthood, 
and new fields of labour appointed. There had been l9 baptized during the 
last quarter, there was in that conference I seventy, 1 H. P., 2 Elders, 3 
Priests, 2 Teachers, 45 members, total 5^. 

We see, that the work does not take very deep hold in the cities, as it is 
here, so we nad it to be in Melbourne and Adelaide, the increase is princi- 
pally in the country districts, where the people are less priestridden, we find 
that in the various fi-:lds of labour there has been 72 baptized during the 
past quarter, and information has been received of several families that are 
waiting to be baptized, there are also some ready in this city. 

The President then called upon the clerk to read the following letters re- 
ceived from Elder William Hyde. He also stated that he had received a 
letter from Mr. Pond, owner of the Julia Ann, which would appear in the 
columns of tbe Watchman. 



157 

San Pedro, June 12th, 1854. 
Beloved President Farnham, 

I improve the first opportunity of informing you of our passage and Safe 
arrival in this place, on board the barque "Julia Ann." We sailed from 
Newcastle, as you are aware, on the 22nd of March ; the breeze on our set- 
ting off was excellent, and for several days our'speed was at the rate often 
knots per hour ; at first there was considerable sickness among the passen- 
gers, as was to be expected ; but this, as also the measles, which were with 
us when we started, soon wore away. On the 29th Sister Allen gave birth 
to a son, and all got along well. We had then a strong breeze which con- 
tinued to increase, and by the 5th, 6th and 7th augmented to a gale, and our 
way was on the mountain wave, but our gallant barque bore us proudly and 
safely over it. Sister Allen, who had taken a slight cold, was by my ad- 
vice taken into the cabin, where she was faithfully watched over for a week, 
when she thought herself able to return to her own room, and was permitted 
to do so. On the 16th of April we put into Huaniea, an Island of the 
Society group, about thirty leagues westward of Otahita, our object was to 
take in a fresh supply of water. The heat of the sun was intense, and had a 
great effect upon Sister Allen. On the 1 7th, at twelve o'clock, she was 
found running very low, and so sudden was her relapse, that at sunset her 
life was despaired off, on the 18tli, at nine o'clock, she died, or rather fell 
asleep, as it appeared to those who were watching over her. She was buried 
in a respectable manner, at twelve o'clock, the 19th, I delivered a short dis- 
course on the occasion, the scene was truly impressive, and every possible 
respect was shown by the officers and all on board, as soon as the funeral 
service was over, we again hoisted sail and put to sea, ail in as good spirits 
as could be expected under existing circumstances. We had preaching every 
sabbath, and prayers every night and morning, and felt that tlie Lord was 
with us. On the 9th of May we came in view of two or three of the Sand- 
wich Islands, and on the 10th were alongside Owhyhee, and sent a boat to 
the shore for a supply of fresh provisions, while there, I learned that Brothers 
Cannon and Snider were on the Island, but I had no opportunity of getting 
any particular news, I left a letter for them, and a few numbers of the " Zion's 
Watchman," after a detention at that place of about twenty-four hours, we 
again pursued our course to the best advantage the \^ ind would permit. The 
north-east trades continued up to thUr highest latitude, at which point we 
came in contact with adverse winds, vn hich drove us to the north and west, 
to Latitude 43, Longtitude 164, our place of destination being in Latitude 33, 
Longtitude 118, after reaching the above named point, the wind turned in our 
favour, and we again began to near our anxiously wished for port of destina- 
tion. You will see by dates that the first part of our passage was performed 
in excellent time, and the last half does not change my views of the sailing 
qualities of the vessel, as no vessel can make e speedy passage with the winds 
dead a head, as before stated, our meetings were kept up every sabbath, and 
generally once or twice during the week, and what is gratify ijig to me, s&me 
three or four who never before heard the gospel, have become fully convinced 
of its truth, amongst whom is the first mate. The oflScers generally, lave 
shown us every kindness I could reasohably look for. The saints as a general 
thing have been quick to listen to my instructions, for which my soul feeli to 
bless them. Sisters Staply and Bryant have lately remarked to me, they w,rre 



158 

told before leaving Australia, they would not be able to endure the fatigues of 
the journey, but they could not see but they enjoyed as good health, and 
were just as happy on the vessel as when at home, and much more so in antici- 
pation of soon bein numbered with the saints in Zion. 

Relative to the return of the vessel to Sydney, Mr. Pond is still of opini- 
on, he will perform the trip in seven months from the time we sailed, and 
should there be a company of saints in readiness, I do not think the chances 
will be very frequent for finding a vessel on this trade, where the same num- 
ber of passengers can be accommodated. I have written this on board the 
vessel, and have no particular news, save such as relates to our voyage, my 
health has been improving during the entire passage, and if ever a person was 
truly grateful, I think I am. Mr. Pond will be either the bearer of this, or 
forward it to you, from San Francisco. The saints all unite with me in love 
to you, and all those they have left behind ; Sisters Lilly and, Geordge who 
sailed from Sydney, are well. Don't forget my kind regard to all the brethren 
of the Mission, and may the Lord whose servant you are, bless you and all 
the saints, with much of his spirit, and with every desirable favour, is the 
sincerest desire of your ever faithful friend and brother in the cause of truth, 

WILLL\M HYDE. 

P.S. — I have just been on shore and find by a letter left for me that Elder 
C. C. Rich has just left here on his way from San Francisco for San Ber- 
nadino, that he had got the news in San Francisco of this company's being 
on the way, and has left directions for our course of proceedings, all of which 
is truly satisfactory to us. All is well in San Bernadino, heavy crops com- 
ing in, saints gathering from the upper country, &c. 



San Francisco, July 7, 1854. 
Elder Augustus Faun ham, 
Dear Sir, 
I send by the "Fanny Major" a letter placed in my hands by your friend 
and brother William Hyde: doubtless he has given you particulars of our 
vo^/age, which was a protracted and tedious one. We arrived at Huainea, 
one of the Society Islands, in 22j days, the quickest trip on record; but 
barnacles and grass there gathered on the bottom of the vessel, which affect- 
ed her speed very materially. We had a succession of head winds for some 
fifty days. I shall take in a cargo of timber and return at once to Sydney, 
and should be glad then to mrike another passenger engagement with you, 
and do hope that another trip may provf^more expiditious and successful than 
our last. I hope to be witli you about 1st of October. 

Yours, very respectfully, 

B. F. POND. 



The President said he was glad that, witii the exception of Sister Allen, 
the company hari arrived safe at San Pedro, you are well aware, that the pa- 
pers are continually teeming with reports against the Saints, false and slan- 
derous reports were circulated in reference to that company ; but I know 
that if Mr. Pond, the owner of the "Julia Ann," and Captain Davis, and 
the Pmrier were here, they would each certify, as they did at the time 
of departure, that they never saw business more correctly and expeditiously 
transacted, than was the business pertaining to the shipment of that company, 
and they also stated that they never saw a company that were so easy to be 



159 

governed, by the voice of one man as that company of Saints were, who, 
they remarked, were always ready to hear and obey my counsel, and 1 
never transacted business with three persons, who conducted themselves so 
gentlemanly as did the three here alluded to, and by reference to the letter 
just read it will be seen that they maintained that character throughout tlieir 
dealing with the Saints. The same order is observed every where by the 
Saints when they gather, for they act according to the order given by reve - 
lation. 

The Saints can read and understand that order. It is our business to do 
every thing correctly according to its requirements. It rejoices me much to 
hear of their safe arrival and of the kind tieatment they received from the 
officers of the vessel, she is daily expected ii> Port, when I sliall endeavour 
to contract for her return in April next to take another company, and if the 
company should be too numerous for the Julia Ann I shall endeavour to 
arrange with the same owner for a larger vessel. 

There is likely to be a great change here in reference to gathering, for I 
have received letters from Melbourne, Adelaide, and the Cape of Good 
Hope, seeking counsel on this subject, and if it sliould appear, when all things 
are duly considered, that it will be cheaper and better to sail from this port ; 
then this place will become the point from which the Saints in these places 
will proceed across the Pacific. This would cause the gatliering to possess 
a deeper and more important interest to this place. 

In the Great Salt I/ake movements are very peculiar at this time, more 
so than at any other, 90 brethren have been called to go on missions among 
the Lamanites, they are also establishing difi'erent branches as gathering places, 
one near St. Louis, in Missouri, the great mobocratic state, anotlicr in Ohio a 
short distance from the Kirtland Temple, another in St. Jose, California Mis- 
sionaries are being sent to find an Island to which the Islanders can flee from 
tyrany, which they can possess and have their own laws to govern them. 

The work is rolling forth with greater power and influence than ever. 

There is sometliing remarkable about to take place, when the servants of 
the Lord are sent to those places were the gospel was first preached, and 
were it was rejected, according to the scriptures there m.ust be a binding up 
of the law and a sealing up of the testimony, yes there is something remarkr- 
ble at hand, when the gospel is sent among the Lamanites who have a tradi- 
tion of the book of Mormon, that book, that the learned look upon with so 
much indifference and esteem as a novel. When that people know that it 
is the good book that bi longed to th.em, (their fathers) and which has been 
so long lost, their confidence in it will be strong ; then will this work roll 
forth with greater power and v,ill continue to increase in power until truth 
and righteousness are e-stablislied. 

It is intended to appoint a mission to New Zealand. It belongs to me to 
open the gospel in that place, Elder William Cooke will accompany me. I 
feel a great interest in that mission. Tlie Lord has many chosen o.ies on 
those Islands, the gospel must le prcacl ed to all, the world has to be warned, 
otherwise it cannot be condemned. This mission has got to be sustained 
and furnished . with mea-is, my desire is to do tlie work of God not to gra- 
tify my own feelings. This mission has presented itself before me with deep 
interest from the first, but I have never imtil now, seen my way clear in re- 
reference to it. 

When the Lord calls I must obey. 

It was moved, and seconded and carried, that the mission to New Zea- 
land, be sustained and furnished with means. 



160 

The President next presented the Hunters River District, and said that 
the Saints there were scattered, and were not organized. It was necessary 
that they should be organized and have a president to watch over them. 

It was moved, seconded and carried, that Elder John Penfold be the Pre- 
sident of the Hunter's River Branch, also that brother Jesse C. Penfold be 
called to the office of an Elder to assist the president, and that brother G. 
Hunter be the Priest of said branch. 

Sang the 5th Hymn, — " Great is the Lord it is good to praise." 

Benediction by Elder J. Jones. 

Meeting adjourned until 3 p. m. 

Conference met pursuant to adjournment. 

Meeting opened by singing the 32nd Hymn, "Jesus, from whom all bles- 
sings flow." 

Prayer by Elder J. Graham. 

The President administered the sacrment, and addressed the Saints on the 
necessity of unity, charity, obedience, in all things, showing that it was the 
love of the truth that sustained the Saints, and gave them power over the 
devil, also that the Melchesidec Priesthood was the power of God, by it we 
should be perfected through suffering, until we receive a celestial glory. 

Sang the 84th Hymn, "Come sound his praise abroad." 

The President then gave coins 2I for all the Saints in Australia except the 
American Elders to prepare themselves according to the word of the Lord, 
to leave this land for the land of Zion, about April next. He then called 
upon Elder J. Jones to address the meeting. Sang the 173rd Hymn, " In 
ancient days men feared the Lord." 

It was moved, seconded and carried, that brother Joseph Ridges be called 
to the office of an Elder, and brother Enoch Gurr to that of a Priest. Be- 
nediction by President Farnham, adjourned until 7 p. m. 

Conference 7 p. m. met pursuant to adjournment, meeting opened by singing 
2 1st Hymn, ** God moves in a mysterious way," &c. 

Prayer by Elder J. Jones, Sang 63rd Hymn, " Happy is the man who 
hears instruction's warning voice." Elder J. Graham addressed the meeting. 
Sang the 54th Hymn, " Praise ye the Lord 'tis good to raise," Benediction 
by Eider J. W. Fleming, adjourned until Monday morning at J past lO 
o'clock A. M. 

Monday morning. Conference met at the office 103, Parramatta-street. 

Meeting opened by prayer, by Elder J. W. Eldridge. The Saints were 
addressed by several Elders, during which much instruction and counsel was 
given, and we were greatly blessed by the influence of the spirit of the Lord. 

A council of male members was called for the evening, Benediction by 
Elder J. W. Fleming at J past 7 p. m. 

Meeting opened by prayer, by Elder J. Graham. 

The meeting was addressed by the President and Elders, Fleming and 
Jones, afler which brothers Joseph Ridge and Jesse C. Penfold were ordained 
to the Eiders office, E. Gurr to that of a Priest, and brother Peter Penfold 
to the office of a Teacher, for the Hunter's River Branch, Benediction by 
Elder J. Jones, Meeting adjourned until J past 7, Tuesday evening. 

Metting opened by singing. 

Prayer by Elder J. \V. Fleming, after which a hyrnn was sung. 

At the request of the President, the Clerk laid before the brethren, the 
subject of the Perpetual Emigration Fund, the President following him on 
the same subject, the meeting was also addressed by Elder J. W. Fleming, 



161 

It Mras then moved, seconded and carried, that the conference adjouTn ta 
the first Sunday in January, 1855 ; Benediction by the President. 

J. JONES, Clerk, 
A. FARNHAM, Presimnt, 



ELEVENTFI GENERAL EPISTLE OF THE PRESIDENCY OF 
THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY 
SAINTS. 

TO THE SAINTS IN THE VALLEYS OF THE MOUNTAINS, AND THOSE SCAT- 
TERED ABROAD THROUaHOUT THE EARTH GREETING. 

(From the "-Deseret News" April 13. J 

Beloved Brethren, — Ever feeling a deep and abiding interest in 
the prosperity of Zion, and the advancement of our Redeemer's 
Kingdom upon the earth, and being also desirous of benefiting, cheer- 
ing, and consoling the Saints in their warfare against the machina- 
tions of Satan, and the power of the adversary, we feel to dedicate 
unto you, a short time in delineating a few items of the history of the 
past, our general warfare, intentions, desires, &c., for } our edifica- 
tion and instruction. 

Since our last General Epistle, we have received intelligence of the 
general success and spread of the Gospel of Christ, with few excep- 
tions, wherever it has been preached ; which is cheering to our souls, 
and causes our hearts to rejoice in the goodness of God towards our 
fellow men, by inclining the honest in heart among the nations of the 
earth, unto the truth as it is in Christ Jesus. 

Prosperity has generally characterized all our efforts, both at home 
and abroad ; and the work is making rapid progress throughout the 
earth. The Lord has opened the way before the Elders in foreign 
countries, and upon the islands of the sea, in the most remarkable 
manner. No mission has been appointed, out the Elders appointed 
to go have been able to reach their destination with little or no de- 
lay ; and in all, except Prussia and the West India Islands, been per- 
mitted to remain and promulgate the Gospel in its fulness. 

Brothers llosea Stout, James Lewis, and Chapman Duncan, re- 
turned from the China mission, after having arrived at Hong Kong 
and without effecting any impression, or establishing the standard of 
truth in that mighty empire. This was owing to the disturbed state 
of the country, which hindered them penetrating the interior, and ac- 
quainting themselves with the manners, customs, and in some degree 
the language of the people. 

In the Sandwich Islands, und^r the superintendence of Elders Phi- 
lip B. Lewis, George Q. Cannon, B. F. Johnson, and others, the work 
has been eminently successful. By advices received from brothers 
Lewis and Cannon, dated Honolulu, November 20lh, 1853, we learn 
that over three thousand had been baptized, and that native Elders 



162 

were engaged, heart and hand, in publishing the glad tidings which 
are unto all people. The Mission, it is expected, will establish a press, 
and publish in the native language, the Book of Mormon being trans- 
lated and ready for publication. 

In the Society group, persecution has continued to rage against the 
Saints, insomuch that communication has measurably been cut 
off, the American Elders having been obliged to leave ; they are, how- 
ever endeavouring to again open communication with the natives, 
many of whom, notwithstanding their persecution, continued, at last 
advices, to teach as well as practice those principles of life and salva- 
tion which they had formerly received from Elders Pratt and Grouard 
and others, who had been sent among them. The brethren are ex- 
ploring to find an island where they can gather together and live in 
peace with each other, free from the pernicious influences that so un- 
happily pervades them, in all their intercourse with foreigners, in 
their present locations. 

The Calcutta mission, under the supeiintendency of Elder N. V. 
Jones, has been wonderfully preserved from the pestilence and tem- 
pests peculiar to that region, while passing from place to place, in 
the discharge of tfieir various duties. The Elders have visited, from 
this point, Ava, in the Burman Empire, Dinapoie, Chinsurah, Madras, 
and Ceylon, and it is expected that brothers Ludington and Savage 
are now at Siam. Elders Findlay, West, and Dewey are at Bom- 
bay, and Elder Willis has been labouring in the Northern Provinces 
of India. 

Elder Jesse Haven was, at last advices, at Cape Town, where he 
had made a small beginning with good prospects. 

In Europe the Missions have all been successful, with the exception 
of the Prussian. In Germany, France, and Italy, the work is slowly 
but surely progressing. The Book of Mormon has been translated 
and published' in the Welsh, German, French, Italian, and Dutch 
languages. No death among the foreign mission has been heard of 
except that of Willard Snow, who died on board of ship, sailing from 
Copenhagen to Hull, on the 25th of August, 1853. 

The Elders appointed to go to the West India Islands, remained 
there but a short time, as their presence seemed to be regarded in 
rather an unfavourable light by the authorities. They, together with 
those appointed to Briiish Guiana, sailed for the United States, where 
with the exception of Elijah Thomas, who returned last fall, they have 
been labouring. 

Elder Orson Pratt is still at the City of Washington, publishing 
the '' Seer," but will return this season ; as also will Elder S. W. 
Richards, now presiding in Great Britain, and H. S. Eldirdge, Pre- 
sident at St. Louis. 

Elders Lyman and Rich are still at San Bernardino, presiding 
over that Stake, which is said to be in a flourishing condition. The 
remainder of the Twelve Apostles have been laboring, since our last, 
in this territory, through the various settlements, as duty seemed to 
require. 



163 

On the 15th of November, a company raised by brother Orson 
Hyde left for Green River County, and have settled on Smith's Fork 
at a place they call Fort Supply/ The settlement consists of about 
one hundred efficient men. 

There have also been considerable accessions to the various set- 
tlements south, in accordance with the instructions given at last Con- 
ference. 

On the 16th of October, the main company of Saints, emigrating by 
the aid of the Perpetual Emigrating Fund company, arrived in good 
health, having accomplished the journey across the plains without 
accident, or any material loss, except cattle. 

On the 25th of the same month, the Valley of the great Salt Lake 
was covered with snow, but the weather continued mild thereafter, 
until about the 10th of January, since when, until about the 18th of 
March, we have had pretty constant cold or stormy weather — the 
thermometer at times ranging nineteen degrees below Zero. 

On the 8th of November, Captain Morris, with his command, and 
the remainder of the lamented Captain Gunnison's Pacific Railroad 
Exploring party, arrived in this city ; since when they have remain- 
ed here waiting for orders, and for the season to open, until the 4th 
day of April, wiien they left to resume their explorations. 

During the winter, common schools have been taught in the vari- 
ous wards j also, evening schools for lectures, and the acquisition of 
various languages. Elder P. P. Pratt has taught the Spanish, D. B. 
Huntington the Utah and Shoshone dialects ; he has also published 
a form or dictionary of a collection of Indian words and phrases, in 
each of those languages, for the benefit of the young learner. There 
have been regular meetings in all the Wards and Quorums, which 
have been very regularly attended. 

The Regency have formed a new Alphabet, which it is expected 
will prove highly beneficia], in acquiring the English language, to 
foreigners, as well as the youlh of our country. We recommend it 
to the favourable consideration of the people, and desire that all of 
our teachers and instructors will introduce it in their schools and to 
their classes. The Orthography of the I nglish language needs re- 
forming — a ivoj'd to the wise is .sufficient. 

On the 5th February, the Seventies held their quarterly Conference, 
in the Social Hall, which, although the weather was very stormy, was 
well attended, and continued two days. During this meeting, three 
new Quorums were organized — ^he 37th, 38th, and 39th. 

The Wall around the Temple Block has advanced considerably 
since our last Epistle ; the stone and adobie w^ork, except the coping 
and gates, being completed on two and a half sides. 

The City Wall is also fast progressing, and it is expected will be 
finished the present season. Many of the settlements have secured 
themselves by forting in ; but much remains to be done. It is desira- 
ble, and w^e urge it upon all the Saints, to not cease their vigilance, 
nor their exertions, until their defences are completed. Although the 



164 

Indians are quiet, and have been for several months, yet we have no 
assurance that they will remain so ; it therefore becomes necessary 
for your temporal salvation and the quiet of the territory, that you 
should be prepared for any emergency that may arise. 

We tell all the Saints in the valleys of the mountains, in the name 
of Israel's God, if you do not better observe the counsel which is 
given, and comply with the requirements of your leaders, you will 
suffer loss, the natural consequence of disobedience. The Lord v>i;l 
have a people who will do His bidding, who will comply with His 
reasonable requirements. Knot willingly, they may expecttobe chas- 
tised; for the Lord is not to be trifled with alter pouring out His 
blessings of intelligence in floods of light by revelation of principles 
pure and holy, of deliverance from oppression and mobocracy, and 
unequalled prosperity in peace and quietness. 

From henceforth let one and all go forth with one accord and build 
their forts, wall in their cities and villages, herd and guard their cat- 
tle and other property and keep their guns and ammunition in good 
order and convenience, ready ibr instant use; and then, when thus 
prepared and ready at all points to ward off danger, to defend your- 
selves, and continually guarded against surprise, and you meet the 
Indians, treat them crvilly, friendly ; endeavour to get speech with 
and treat with them in a friendly manner ; seek to gain their good 
will, and induce them from their hostility, their savage and warlike 
feelings, their propensities for theft, shedding of blood, and plunder, 
and to follow the pursuits of peace and civilization. They, as well as 
ourselves and all others, are in the hands of God. Let us do our 
duty, and all will be well. Let us also exert ourselves to save Israel, 
not destroy them, for the promises concerning them will be fulfilled. 

On the 12th of December the Legislative Assembly of Utah Ter- 
ritory organized in the State House of this city ; and after holding 
the usual session, passing laws upon various subjects, and adopting 
various memorials to Congress, adjourned, having accomplished what 
business came before them. 

Among the most important of their acts will be found " An act re- 
gulating herd grounds and herdsmen," and a law authorizing the 
construction of a canal from Utah Lake, or the outlet thereof above 
the rapids, to Great Salt Lake, a distance of about 40 miles, which, 
when completed, will furnish water for irrigating many thousand acres 
of ground land, which otherwise would remain comparatively useless. 
The Legislature also memorialized Congress for a National Railroad 
across the Continent ; and on the 31st of January there was a pub- 
lic meeting held in the Tabernacle, which was very numerously at- 
tended, spirited and enthusiastic in its proceedings ; the Memorial 
of the Legislature was adopted, as well as a series of Resolutions 
expressive of their feelings in relation to that important subject. 

The law concerning herding is of the more importance to us, as a 
people to be observed, as the natural wealth of the country, which 
coTisists in grazing, induces heavy investments in stock growing. 



165 

This fills our valleys with stock, which, too often ranging without 
proper herding, is often lost, and is liable to be stolen by Indian or 
white thieves: consequently not only lost to the owner, but actually fur- 
nishes inducements and temptations to the natives, who are truly ig- 
norant, and know no better than to commit crime. For generations 
and centuries they have held and taught their children, that to be 
successful in robbery, thieving, and w ar, was the path to glory, the 
road to influence and power. How then can we expect them to re- 
frain, when they have the opportunity, from taking our stock ? Let 
us act w^isely and take care of our stock and property, and not tempt 
them to take it by giving such ample opportunity by neither guard- 
ing nor herding it. It is like throwing irresistible temptations in 
their way. 

On the 9th of November, the Indians burned six houses at Sum- 
mit Creek ; and on the 23rd of November, news arrived of their hav- 
ing burned a saw-mill near Manti ; and on the 6th of January the 
place called Allred's Settlement, which was evacuated last summer, 
was burnt to the ground. 

On the 26th day of February, eighty head of cattle w^ere driven 
from Spanish Fork and Springville settlements. 

These are the last depredations that we have heard of being com- 
mitted. And we now say, that every solitary instance of Indian hos- 
tility and depredation has been committed through neglect, disobedi- 
ence of orders, carelessness, or disregarding the counsel which has 
been given from time to time. Brethren, when will you be wise, and 
follow in the precepts of wisdom ? Must you first be destroyed and 
wasted away like unto the Nephites, or will you hearken unto coun- 
sel in time to save yourselves and your families, your flocks and your 
herds from destruction ? 

Having received advices that Indian Walker was friendly disposed 
and wished to make peace. Major Bedell, Indian Agent foi this Ter- 
ritory, and Interpreter Huntington, accordingly went to Fillmore, the 
place fixed by him, and his band, to meet them, and concluded a 
treaty of peace. But let no person presume thereby to fall asleep, 
lulled into a false security, to be awoke only by the warwhoop of the 
merciless savage. 

\ye have also learned that some friendly Indians at Pe teet-nete 
have finally succeeded in finding some of the cattle which were driven 
from Spanish Fork on the 28th day of February, and actually re- 
turned some 25 head of them — the remainder having been killed. 

It is proper to state, that many of these depredations, in fact nearly 
all of them, have been committed in the absence of Walker and Ar- 
^Qf^vpine, and witho;»t their knowledge or consent. It is known that 
he was hostile in his feelings, but many of his men were much more 
so, and he found it impossible longer to restrain them. 

It was not Walkt r nor his band who massacred Captain Gunnison 
and party, but a band of the Utahs called Pahvantes, with whom they 
had BO communications at the time, and who had been uniformly 



166 

friendly previous thereto, although they were, at the time of tJiat un- 
fortunate occurrence, actually gathering to come against the settle- 
ment at Fillmore, to retaliate upon them the murder of one of their 
own men, by a company of California emigrants, who passed through 
their country a few days previous. 

During the Indian troubles of the past season, Elder George A. 
Smith has been very active ; and to his influence and untiring exer- 
tions may be attributed the execution of those prompt and energetic 
measures which so suddenly placed the settlements in a comparative 
state of security. We now most sincerely hope and trust that they 
will profit by the lessons of the past season, and hereafter not depart 
from the observance of those precepts which their ex})erience has so 
fully illustrated were fraught with wisdom, and were for their safety 
and preservation. 

The crops of grain and vegetables were generally good, and were 
tolerably well preserved ; and it is presumed, notwithstanding so large 
an immigration, that there will, with proper economy, be sufficient 
to carry us safe through to another harvest. It is an evident truth 
that more grain should be raised. The constant influx of people 
from all, quarters ; the demands of the Indian tribes for bread, and 
the almost certain prospect of approaching thousands to our borders^ 
bids us prepare for the future. • Food for man and beast, is the cry ; 
food for unnumbered millions who ere long will be pouring upon us 
like doves to the windows ; food for a famishing world, spiritual and 
temporal ; are the drafts we may expect to have to pay. 

Then prepare ; fill up your minds with knowledge and wisdom, 
and your storehouses with grain ; raise antl preserve your stock ; raise 
your own wool and flax ; make your own leather ; and manufacture 
your own clothing, soap, candles, oil, sugar, molasses, glue, combs, 
brushes, glass, iron, and every olher article within your reach, and 
save your money. In this way you will stop this great draining of 
the precious metals from our midst, and be enabled to do more for the 
spread of the Gospel, the gathering of Israel, the building upofZion, 
and erecting a holy Temple unto the God of Jacob. 

Brethren, pay your tithing ; and pay it in such a manner too, as 
shall b3 of some benefit ; as will avail something towards promoting 
the work of the last days. To him who thinks, if he can only ob- 
tain a credit upon the books, whether he does anything or not ; who 
indolently passes his time for the privilege of drawing pay, but feels 
no interest in the work, or who grudgingly, penuriously settles and 
compromises with his own covetous soul whether to pay anything — 
to all such we say^ you are mistaken if you consider that such offer- 
ings are acceptable in the sight of God ; you rrxight as well, aye, far- 
better, keep avv^ay, than thus expose your half-hearted, selfish spirit. 
It is too much like the hypocritical cant of the day, to get a great deal 
of credit for doing nothing. 

Brethren, it is our counsel to you, to pay your tithing, to pay your 
debts to the Perpetual Emigrating Fund Company, and make your 
consecrations in a spirit of liberality, arid with a willing heart. 



167 

Bishops, we have a word of counsel to you. You are the fathers 
of the poor, and stewards in Israel. Lend your efficient aid in col- 
lecting together the tithing and consecrations of the Saints ; and see 
that all is preserved and taken care of, and faithfully deposited in 
the Storehouse of the Lord, and not diverted from its legitimate use. 
True charity to a peor family or person consists in placing thera in a 
situation in which they can support themselves. 

GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. 



MORMON OPERATIONS IN CALIFORNIA. 

Brigham Young, in his address to the Conference, says : — "Tliis leads me 
to what I am now going to lay before the Conference ; and it will be an ex- 
cellent text for the brethren to preach upon. I will lay a proposition before 
this Conference for them to decide upon. That is, for us to select a man 
and send him to Upper California : say, for instance, to Brother Horner's 
ranch, to lay out a place for the gathering of the saints in that vicinity of the 
world. Brother Amaza and Brother Rich have got a standard reared in 
Southern California already. We will also send men to Oregon, from those 
places, to preach the gospel, for many of those who have been chasing the 
gilded butterfly, until they have run into the fire, and got pretty well scorched 
will be glad of the chance to forsake their follies and gather again unto the 
Saints. We will also establish a place of gathering there. We also wish to 
sand men to the United States to establish two or three locations there for 
the gathering of the Saints. Then the English, Scotch, Welsh and German 
Saints, as well as Saints from other nations of the old world, whose greatest 
difficulty is to get waggons, teams, and provision, to cross the plains, when 
they have saved a few shillings, can cross over the waters to one of these 
gathering places, where thev "will be placed under the protection of a good 
elder sent to take care of them. We have just as good a right to go back to 
the United States to live, as any man has that lives there. This is what I 
have to lay before the Conference, to be a text for a few short discourses. 
We contemplate establishing a post in Ohio, and another in Missouri, as 
gathering points, to gather the brethren to, who are scattered abroad in those 
districts, and who may in the future come into them." 
EXTENSIVE ExMIGRATION OF MORMONITES FROM WALES. 
The Emigi-ation of Mormonites from the southern districts of Wales has, 
during the past few weeks, been most extensive. Large bodies of these 
deluded men have sold all they possessed and thrown the money into a 
common fund. Their numbers embrace all classes, — one gentleman, an in- 
habitant of Merthyr, in Glamorganshire, having contributed c€2000, and 
joined the brethren. Many wealthy mem.bers of the sect in the neighbour- 
hood are selling all their property previous to departure. Upwards of 400 
of the religionists, — one an old woman of eighty years, — have just left for 
the Great Salt Lake City, having spent tlieir last night in this country in 
preaching, praying, singing, &c. The party left for Liverpool by the 
Swansea train, having taken an affecting farewell of their old mountain homes 
and fatherland. 

ARRIVAL OF MORMONITES FROM AUSTRALIA. 
, The Star says, fifty Mormon converts arrived by the Julia Ann, disem- 
barked at San Pedro, to join the Saints at San Bernardion. They number 
twenty-seven men and women, and twenty-three children — first fruits of 



168 

Mormon missionary teaching in Australia. There must be rery strong faith 
in these people ; but their conduct accords with that was related to us by 
others at San Bernardino. We are told, among the fifty are four women 
who left their husbands and children, and husbands who left wives and fami- 
lies, believing their salvation depends upon their joining the body of the 
Church. 

In that company there was one man who left his wife and all the property 
he had with her, and she is preparing to follow him in the next company, and 
as to the women one of them was a widow, whose husband was drowned 
at Adelaide, the other was an unfortunate being, who had been tied in wedlock 
to a drunken brutal husband who abused her so much that her constitution 
was so much destroyed, she never had a family to leave. Why are the 
world and especially Editors and persons so ready to speak evil of the Saints. 
—Ed. W. general INTELLIGENCE. 

We have received three letters from Elder Jesse Havens, who is at the 
Cape of Good Hope, dated respectively January 7th, 10th, June 23rd, 1854. 

On their arrival at Cape Town, they obtained the use of the Town Hall, 
for the purpose of delivering Six Lectures, but after the first was delivered, 
the doors were closed against them. They went to preach in another house, 
but every time they attempted a mob assembled, and created so much 
disturbance, that they were obliged to desist preaching, and see what they 
could do by private conversation. Ministers of religion with one voice rose 
up against them, telling their congregations not to receive them nor their 
tracts, ministers threatening to dismiss their servants if they had any thing 
to do with them. An opening was made about four miles from Cape Town, 
and another about six. 

T%'o branches have been organized at these places, they had forty-two bap- 
tized members. 

Elder Walker was labourning at Graham Town, and its vicinity. He had 
baptized 7 at a place called " Fort Beaufort," ^Ider Smith was at Port Eli- 
zabeth, he had baptized 3, and had a congregation of two or three hundred to 
preach to every Sabbath. The first public meeting he had at this place, five 
hundred assembled and broke it up, by throwing brickbats and potatoes, the 
Magistrate of the Port interfered and informed the people publicly, that if 
they interfered with Elder Smith he would punish them to the utmost ex- 
tent of the law, this has given him an opportunity to lay the Gospel before 
the people. 

October 10th, Elder Robert Owens has just arrived here from Calcutta, 
which City he left on the 25th of July, He informs us that the work is 
closed there for the present, and that all the Elders were about leaving as 
soon as they could get away. Being strangers to the Bengalee and Hindoo 
tongues, they were not able to lay the principles of the Gospel befor the 
natives generally, and met w ith great opposition from the military Officers in 
attempting to do so before those who understood the English language, who 
are chiefly Soldiers, and others who are under military and missionary in- 
fluence, and solely dependent on such influence for a living. They were 
often told by the Officers, when forbid to preach, that so far as they were 
concerned, they had no objections, but having received their orders from 
those above them in authority, were they to permit it, it would be at the 
expense of their commissions. 

Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Published Ijy A. Famham, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

Cfturcfi of Se^usi €i)vi^t of ilatter Bay ^aintsf, 

IN SYDNEY. 



Nos. 22-23. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER, 15, 1854. Vol. I. 

MO R MONISM. 

(^Fr 07)1 the ^' Daily Aha Califorina.") 

About a hundred years since, philosophers congratulated them- 
selves that they had finally " illuminated " civilized nations, and 
that thereafter the success of religious imposters, pretending to 
prophetic charat^ter by direct commission from heaven, would have 
to be confined to the barbarous nations. And the congratulation 
was not entirely unwarranted ; one by one old superstitions, be- 
ginning with the belief in ghosts, shrank back into their native 
night. Year after year saw new light thrown upon science, history, 
and religion. 

The people of the United States were supposed to be possessed of all 
the enlightment of the time, and nevertheless some twenty years 
ago, Joe Smith did set up for a Prophet, in the United States, and 
found such success as few of those acknowledged to have been 
worthy of being considered Prophets have encountered. As has 
happened to prophets in all ages, Joseph found but little favour in 
his own country, and finally sealed with a martyr's blood the faith 
which he taught, truly or falsely. A close investigation would 
perhaps show that no founder of a religious belief has met with such 
success, if all the circumstances be considered. Smith had nothing 
to commence with save his talent. He had no education, no wealth, 
no external aid, no propitious circumstances, not even a reputation. 
He was looked upon as an idle, worthless fellow. He commenced 
to teach a new doctrine, not against a weak, poetical mythology, or 
a degrading idol worship, in dark ages among ignorant and credulous 
people, but against a multitude of zealous Christian sects, among a 
people strongly inclined to be incredulous. 

And yet within twenty years Mormonism has grown to be con- 
sidered one of the most important phases of existing religious belief, 
numbers more than a hundred thousand believers among civilized 
nations, and is spreading more rapidly, in proportion to its numbers, 
than any other faith. 



170 

To account for this success is difficult. The best reason that can 
be given is, that Smith's talent was equal to the task. The Mormon 
Prophets would have us believe that tbe faith pros|3ered because the 
Lord looked upon it with favour ; but such reasoning would incline 
us to believe that the Lord has favoured many different and incon- 
sistent doctrines. The martyrdom of Smith, for such the execution 
deserves to be called, could not have had much influence. There 
was nothing in the Smith blood, or in any other human blood, which 
could lend wisdom or success to plans formed long before. 

Mormonism was successful before Smith died. The true religious 
fervour had already taken possession of the majority of the believers 
and Apostles of the new faith. How little ground for the faith it 
boots us not to enquire ; the faith was sincere, and persecution could 
not compel its surrender. By what magic power, by what kind of 
political management, by what kind of church government Smith 
gained and preserved his absolute power, it will be the duty of the 
future historian to explain ; for as yet we have no book worthy of 
the subject. Smith is said, by all who knew him, to have been a 
man of wonderful talent. He was sociable, and even familiar with 
all, even the rudest of his followers ; plain, straightforward, and un- 
ostentatious in his manners, exceedingly bold in his plans, ready in 
his wit and conversation, a very able talker ; not an orator, but an 
unsurpassable debater, speaking invariably to the point, and with 
convincing clearness ; and sure to make himself master of the favour 
of every person upon whom he exerted his powers. 

Though many doubts might be entertained of Smith's talents, 
upon the testimony of those who knew him personally, there is little 
room for doubt, after considering the harmony and success of his 
system, when left to the care of others, long after his death. It is, 
besides, clear that no ordinary man could have commanded implicit 
obedience from such men as Brigham Young, Sidney Rigdon, Orson 
Hyde, and Parley Pratt. 

When these men acknowledged their faith, the prospect of wordly 
gain was but dim, and it was so distant that a keen eye was re- 
quired to see its success ; and since then, the path of the Mormon 
leaders has not been over a bed of roses. The supposition that 
Smith and his apostles were concious of being impostors, is not 
without its diificalties. Imposture is something which does not thrive 
under dangers and difficulties. It seldom happens that aman will 
seal a lie for its own sake with his blood ; and yet Smith did it. He was 
in constant danger of losing his life from the time he arrived in 
Missouri until he was shot in Illinois, yet he never swerved. He 
might easily have modified his doctrines, and by bending a little 
before the storm, have adapted himself to the circumstances, so that 
the Mormons would have lived in peace, and himself become, by the 
:naturai influence of votes, a man of high political importance. He 



171 . 

might have made far more use of hi.< power, might have paraded 
himself before the public, might have bowed before the political 
parties ; but his eye appeared too single to the government of his 
followers and the success of the unadulterated Mormon doctrine. 

The position of the Mormon leaders at present is one which most 
imposters would shun. Brigham Young has shown no disposition 
to bow before the majesty of the United States ; and we know what 
will be the result if the same stiff-necked policy should continue to 
prevail. Certain it is, that in no case can the position of a leader of 
the Mormons be a sinecure. Neither is the position of an A])ostle a 
very desirable one. There are many missonaries in these days, but 
none are equal in devotion to the Mormons. 

To call these men fanatics, fools, impostors, &c., is unwise, un- 
consoling, unjust, and impolitic. Mormonism can be conquered, not 
by force and contemptuous treatment, but only by mildness and fan* 
reasoning. Many doctrines quite as foolish as Mormonism prevail. 
The belief in the "Holy Coat of Treves," which found so many wor- 
shippers in the heart ot Europe a couple of v ears since, was far more 
foolish. The similarity of the treatment of the Mormons and the 
early Christians- is worthy of notice. The Christians, like the 
Mormons, were charged with dishonesty and all abominable vices, 
and the charges found general faith at a distance. It is quite 
probable that some of the professed Mormons are thieves or worse; 
but the falsehood of the charge as made against the sect bears the 
falsehood upon its front. Tacitus speaks of the Christians in terms 
very similar to those used by a majority of the Americans in speaking 
of the Mormons. 

Into the future of Mormonism it is difficult to see, but it can safely 
be said that, come w^hat may, so long as the present organization is 
preserved and the present leaders retain their power, Mormonism 
must thrive. Utah, a territory finir hundred and sixty miles long, 
by three hundred and fifty wide, is under their control.. Brigham 
Young now holds his commission as Governor from the President of 
the IJnited States, and the appointment was politic and proper. 
Difficulties may happen wdien the people apply for admission into the 
Union as a State. Whether polygamy will be abandoned by the 
Mormons or permitted by Congress — will be the great question ; 
for that is the great tangible objection to Mormon morality. 

DEFENCE OF POLYGAMY. 

BY A LADY OF UTAH, IN A LETTER TO HER SISTER IN 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

{From the *' Millennial Star.") 

Great Salt Lake City, Jan. 12, 1854. 
Dear Sister. — Your letter of <>ct. 2, was received on yesterday. 
My joy on its reception was more than I can express. I had waited 



172 

so long for your answer to our last, that I had almost concluded my 
friends were offended, and would write to me no more. Judge, then, 
of my joy when I read the sentiments of friendship and of sisterly 
affection expressed in your letter. 

We are all well here, and are prosperous and happy in our family 
circle. My children, four in number, are healthy and cheerful, and 
fast expanding their physical and intellectual faculties. Health, 
peace, and prosperity have attended us all the day long. 

It seems, my dear sister, that we are no nearer together in our 
religious views than formerly. Why is this ? Are we not all bound 
to leave this v> orid, with all we possess therein, and reap the reward 
of our doings here in a never ending hereafter? If so, do we not 
desire to be undeceived, and to know and to do the tru h ? Do we 
not all wish in our v^ry hearts to be sincere with ourselves, and to 
be honest and frank with each other? 

If so, you will bear wiih me patiently, while I give a few of my 
reasons for embracing, and holding sacred, that particular point in 
the doctrine of the Church of the Saints, to which you, my dear 
sister, together with a large majority of Christendom, so decidedly 
object. I mean, a ^'- phnaHhj of wivesy 

I have a Bible, which I have been taught, from my infancy, to 
hold sacred. In this Bible, I read of a holy man named Abraham, 
who is represented as the friend of God, a faithful man in all things, 
a man who kept tlie commandments of God, and who is called, in 
the New Testament, the " father of the faithful." See James ii. 23. 
Rom. iv. 16. Gal. iii. 8, 9, 16, 29. 

[ find this man had a plurality of wives, some of which were 
called concubines. See Book of Genesis ; and for his concubines, 
see XXV. 6. 

1 also find his grandson Jacob possessed of four wives, twelve 
sons, and a daughter. These wives are spoken very highly of, by 
the sacred writers, as honourable and virtuous women. " / Aese," 
says the Scriptures, '•'•did build ihe House of Israeli 

Jacob himself was also a man of God, and the Lord blessed him 
and his house, and commanded him to be fruitful and multiply. See 
Genesis xxx. to xxxv., and particularly xxxv. 10, 11. 

I find also that the twelve sons of Jacob, by these four wives, 
became princes, heads of tribes, Patriarchs, whose names are had in 
everlasting remembrance to all generations. 

Now God talked with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob frequently ; and 
His angels also visited and talked with them, and blessed them and 
their wives and children. He also reproved the sins of some of the 
sons of Jacob, for hating and selling their brother, and for adultery. 
But in all His communications with them, He never condemned their 
family organization ; but, on the contrary, always approved of it, 
and blessed them in this respect. He even told Abraham, that He 



173 

would make him the fathjer of many nations, and that in him and his 
seed all the nations and kindreds of the earth should be blessed. See 
Genesis xviii. 17 — 19 ; also xii. 1—3. In later years 1 find the 
plurality of wives perpetuated, sanctioned, and provided for, in the 
law of Moses. 

David the Psalmist not only had a plurality of wives, but the 
Lord Himself spoke by the mouth of Nathan the Prophet, and told 
David, that ti(^ (the Lord) hath given his master's wives into his 
bosom ; but because he had committed adultery with the wife of 
Uriah, and had caused his murder. He would take his wives and 
give them to a neighbour of his, &c. See 2 Samuel, xii. 7 — 11. 

Here, then, we have the word of the Lord, not only sanctioning 
polygamy, but actually giving to king David the wives of his master, 
(Saul,) and afterwards taking the wives of David from him, and 
giving them to another man. Here we have a sample of severe 
reproof and punishment for adultery and murder ; while polygamy is 
authorized and approved by the word of God. 

But to come to the New Testament. I find Jesus Christ speaks 
very highly of Abraham and his family : he says, " J/<;?f?/ shall 
come from the east, and from the ivest, and from the norlh^ and 
from the soulh, and shall sit down with Abraham^ Isaac ^ and 
Jacob, in the kingdom of God."" Luke, xiii. 28, 29. 

Again, he said, ^^ If ye wi^re Abraham's seed, ye would do the 
w rks of A b ra h a m . 

Paul the Apostle, wrote to the Saints of his day, and informed 
them as follows : " As many of you as have been baptized into 
Christ have put on Christ ; and if ye are Christ's, then are ye 
Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise." 

He also sets forth Abraham and Sarah as patterns of faith and 
good works, and as the father and mother of faithful Christians, who 
should, by faith and good works, aspire to be counted the sons of 
Abraham, and daughters of Sarah. 

Now let us look at some of the works of Sarah, for which she is 
so highly commended by the Apostles, and by them held up as a 
pattern for Christian ladies to imitate. '''•Now >arah, Abranis 
wife, bare him no children; and she had a handmaid, an Fgyptian^ 
whose name was Hagar. And ^*<arah said unto '^bram, behold 
now, the Lord hath res' rained me frow bearing : I pray thee go 
in unto my maid ; it may be that I may obtain children (>y her. 
And Abram hearkened unto the voice of Sarah. And arah, 
Abram's wife, took Hagar her maid, the Egyptian^ after Abram 
had dwelt ten years in the land oj Canaan.^ an t gave her to her 
husband^ Abram., to be his wife."*' See Genesis, xvi. 1-^3. 

According to Jesus Christ and the Apostles, then, the only way 
to be saved is to be adopted into the great family of iJolygamists, by 
the Gospel, and then strictly follow their examples. 



174 

A sain, John the Revelator describes the Holy City of the heavenly 
Jerusalem, with the names of the twelve sons of Jacob inscribed on 
the gates. Rev. xxi. \2. 

To sum up the whole, then, 1 find that polygamists were the 
friends of God; that the family and lineage of a polygamist were 
selected, in which all nations should be blessed ; that a polygamist is 
named in the New Testament as the lather of the faithful Christians 
of after ages, and cited as a pattern for all generations; that the wife 
of a polygamist, who encouja<:cd lier husband in the practice of the 
same, and even urged hiin into it, and officiated in giving him another 
wife, is named as a honorable and virtuous woman, a pattern for 
Chiistian ladies, and the very mother of all holy women in the 
Christian Church, whose aspiration it should be, to be called her 
daughters ; that Jesus Christ has declared, that the great fathers of 
the polygamic family stand at the head in the kingdom of God : in 
short, that all the saved of after generations should be saved by be- 
coming members of a polygamic family ; thai all those who do not 
become members of it are si rangers and aliens to the covenant of 
promise, the commonwealth of Israel, and not heirs according to the 
premise made to Abraham ; that all people from the east, west, north, 
or south, who enter into the kingdom, enter into the society of poly- 
gamists, and under their patriarchial rule and government ; indeed 
no one can even approach the gates of heaven without beholding the 
names of twelve polygamists. (the sons of four different women by 
one man,) engraven in everlasting glory upon the pearly gates. 

My dear sister, with the Scriptures before me, I could never find 
it in ray heart to reject the heavenly vision which has restored to 
man the fulness of the Gospel, or the Latter-day Prophets and 
Apostles, merely because in this restoration is included the ancient 
law of matrimony and of family organization and government, pre- 
paratory to the restoration of all Israel. 

}3ut, leaving all Scripture, history, or precedent, out of the question, 
let us come to nature's law. What, then, appears to be the great 
object of the marriage relations? I answer — the multiplying of our 
species, the rearing and training of children. 

To accomplij^h this object, natural law would dictate, that a husband 
should remain apart from iiis wi!e at certain seasons, which, in the 
very constitution of the female, are untitnely. Or in other words, 
indulgence should not be merely for pleasure, or wanton desires, but 
mainly for the purpose of procreation. 

The mortality of nature would leach a mother, that, during nature's 
process in the lormation and growth of embryo man, her lieart should 
be pure, her thoughts and aflfeciions chaste, her mind calm, her 
passions without excitement; while her body should be invigorated 
with every exercise conducive to health and vigour ; but by no means 
subjected to anything calculated to disturb, irritate, weary, or exhaust 
aiy of its functions. 



A 



175 

And n'hile a kind husband should nourish, sustain, and comfort 
the wife of his bosom, by every kindness and attention consistent 
with her situation, and vvith his most tender affection ; stili he should 
refrain from all those untimely associations which are forbidden in 
tiie great constitutional laws of female nature ; which laws we see 
carried out in almost the entire animal economy, human animals ex- 
cepted. 

Polygamy, then, as practised under the Patriarchal law of God, 
tends dn-ectly to the chastity of women, and to sound iiealth and 
morals in the constitution of their offspring. 

You can read, in the law of God, in your Bible, the times and cir- 
cumstances under which a woman should remain apart Irom her 
husband, during which times she is considered unclean ; and should 
her husband come to her bed under such circumstances, he would 
commit a gross sin both agairi«t the laws of nature, and the wise 
provisions of God's law, as revealed in His word; in short, he would 
commit an abomination ; he would sin both a^rainst his own body, 
against the body of his wife, aiid against the laws of procreation, 
in which the health and morals ut Ids offspring are directly con- 
cerned. 

The polygamic law of God opens to all vigorous, healthy, and 
virtuous females, a door by which they may become honourable 
vs^ives of virtuous men, and mothers of faithful, virtuous, l»ealihy and 
vigorous children. 

And here let Rie ask yon, my dear sister, what female in all Xevv 
Hampshire would marry a drunkard, a man of iiereditary disease, a 
debauchee, an idler, or a spendthiift ; or wliat woman would become 
a prostitute ; or on the other hand, live and die single ; or without 
forming those inexpressibly dear relationships of wife and mother; 
if the Abrahamic covenant, or Patriarchal laws of God, were extended 
over your State, and held sacred and honourable by all? 

Dear sister, in your thoughtlessness, you enquire, *' Why not a 
plurality of husbands as well as a plurality of wives?" To which 1 
reply : 1st, God has never commanded or sanctioned a plurality of 
husbands ; 2nd, ** 4/a« is the head of the womaUy^ and no woman 
can serve two lords; 3rd, Such an order of things would work 
death and not life, or in plain language, it would multiply disease 
instead of children. In fact, the experiment of a plurality ot husbands, 
or rather of one woman for many men, is in active operation, and has 
been for centuries, in all the principal towns and cities of " Crhten- 
domV* It is the genius of '^Christian institutions,'' falsely so 
called. It is the result of '' Mystery Babylon, the great whore of 
all the earth* Or in other words, it is the result of making void 
the holy ordinances of God in relation to matrimony, and introducing 
the laws of Rome, in which the clergy and ruins are forl>idden to 
marry, and other members only permitted to have one wiie. This 



176 

law leaves females exposed to a life of single ** blessedness,^' with- 
out husband, child, or friend to provide for or comfort them; or to a 
life of poverty and loneliness, exposed to temptation, to perverted 
aflfectionsj to unlawful means to gratify them, or to the necessity of 
selling themselves for lucre. While the man who has abundance of 
means is tempted to spend it on a mistress in secret, and in a lawless 
way, the law of God would have given her to him as an honourable 
wile. These circumstances give rise to murder, intanticide, suicide, 
disease, remorse, despair, wretchedness, poverty, untimely death, 
with all the attendant train of jealousies, heartrending miseries, want 
of confidence in families, contaminating disease, &c. ; and finally, to 
the horrible license system, in which governments, called Christian, 
license their fair daughters, L wdl not say to play the beast, but to a 
degradation far beneath ihem ; for every species of the animal 
creation, except man, refrain from such abominable excesses, and 
observe in a great measure the laws ot nature in procreation. 

I again repeat, that nature has constituted the female differently 
from the male ; and for a different purpose. The strength of the 
female constitution is designed to flow in a stream of li/e^ to nourish 
and sustain the embryo, to bring it forth, and to nurse it on her 
bosom. When nature is not in operation within her in these par- 
ticulars, and for these heavenly ends, it has wisely provided relief at 
regular periods, in order that hf;r system may be kept pure and 
healthy, without exhausting the fountain of life on the one hand, or 
drying up its river of Hfe on the other; till mature age, and an 
approaching change of worlds, render it necessary for her to cease to 
be fruiti'ul, and give her to rest awhile, and enjoy a tranquil life in 
the midst of that family circle, endeared to her by so many ties, and 
which may be supposed, at this period of her life, to be approaching 
the vigour of manhood, and therefore able to comfort and sustain 
her. 

Not so with man. He has no such draw back upon his strength. 
It is his to move in a wider sphere. If God shall count him worthy 
of an hundred fold, in this life, of wives and children, and houses, 
and lands, and kindreds, he may even aspire to Patriarchal sovereignty, 
to empire ; to be the prince or head of a tribe, or tribes : and like 
Abraham of old, be able to send forth, for the defence of his country, 
hundreds and thousands of his own warriors, born in his own 
house. 

A noble man of God, who is full of the Spirit of the Most High, 
and is counted worthy to converse with Jehovah, or with the Son of 
God; and to associate with angels, and the spirits of just men made 
perfect; one who will teach his children, and bring them up in the 
light of unadulterated and eternal truth ; is more worthy of a 
hundred wives and children, than the ignorant slave of passion, or of 
vice and folly, is to have one wife and one child. Indeed the God 



177 

of Abraham is so much better pleased with one than with the other, 
that he would even take away the one talent, which is habitually 
abused, neglected, or put to an improper use, and give it to him who 
has ten talents. 

In the Patriarchal order of family government, the wife is bound 
to the law of her husband. She honors, " calls him lordj^ even as 
Sarah obeyed and honored Abraham. She lives for him, and to in- 
crease his glory, his greatness, his kingdom, or family. Her affec- 
tions are centered in her God, her husband, and her children. 

The children are also under his government, worlds without end. 
" While life or thought, or being lasts, or immortality endures^^' 
they are bound to obey him as their father and king. 

He also has a head, to whom he is responsible. He must keep 
the commandments cf God, and observe His laws. He must not 
take a wife unless she is given to him by the law and authority of 
God. He must not commit adultery, nor take liberties with any 
women except his own, who are secured to him by the holy ordi- 
nances of matrimony. 

Hence a nation organized under the law of the Gospel, or in other 
words, the law of Abraham and the Patriarchs, would have no insti- 
tutions tending to licenciousness ; no adulteries, fornications, &c., 
would be tolerated. No houses or institutions would exist for traffic 
in shame, or in the lite blood of our fair daughters. Wealtiiy men 
would have no inducement to keep a mistress in secret, or unlawfully. 
Females W(^uld have no grounds ibr temptation m any such lawless 
life. Neither money nor pleasure could tempt them, nor poverty 
drive them to any such excess; because the door would be open for 
every virtuous female to form the honorable and endearing relation- 
ships of wife and mother, in some virtuous family, where love, and 
peace, and plenty, would crown her days, and truth and the practice 
of virtue qualify her to be transplanted with her family circle in that 
eternal soil, where they might multiply their children, without pain, 
or sorrow, or death ; and go on increasing in numbers, in wealth, in 
greatness, in glory, might, majesty, power, and dominion, in worlds 
without end. 

O my dear sister ! could the dark veil of tradition be rent from 
your mind ! could you gaze for a moment on the resurrection of the 
just! could you behold Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and their wive& 
and children, clad in the bloom, freshness, and beauty of immortal 
flesh and hons ; clothed in robes of fine, white linen, bedecked 
with precious stones and gold ; and surrounded with an offspring of 
immortals as countless as the stars ot the firmament, or as the grains 
of sand upon the sea shore : over which they reign as kings and 
queens for ever and ever ! you would then know something of the 
weight of those words of the sacred writer which are recorded in re- 
lation to the four wives of Jacob, the mothers of the twelve Patriarchs, 
namely: *' i hese did build the house of Israel.'' 



178 

O that my dear kindred could but realize that they have need to 
repent ofthe sins, ignorance, and traditions of those perverted systems 
which are misnamed " Christianity,'" and be baptized — buried in 
the water, in the likeness of the death an J burial of Jesus Christ, 
and rise to newness of life in the likeness of his resuriection ; receive 
his spirit by the Iayin«r on of the hands of an Apostle, according to 
promise, and forsake the world and the pride thereof. Thus they 
would be adopted into the family of Abraham, become his sons and 
daughters, see a')d enjoy for themselves the visions of the spirit of 
eternal truth, \vhich bear witness of the family order of heaven, and 
the beauties and glories of eternal kindred ties ; for my pen can 
never describe them. 

Dear, clear kindred : remimber, according to the New Testament, 
and the testimony of an ancient Apostle, if you are ever saved in the 
kingdom of God, it must be by being adop(ed into the family of pol- 
ygamists — the family of the great Patriarch Abraham : for in his 
seed, or family, and not out of it, '''shall all the nations and kindreds 
of the earth be blessed.''' 

You say you believe polygamy is ^'lictnciousness ;^' that it is 
*' abominable,^' **beastly^'" &c. ; " the practice of the most barbarous 
nations, or of the dark ages, or of some great or good men who were 
left to commit gross sins." Yet you say you are anxious for me to 
be converted to your faith ; and that we may see each other in this 
life, and be asst^iated in one great family in that life which has 
no end. 

Now in order to comply with your wishes, I must renounce the 
Old and New Testaments; must count Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, 
and their families, as licentious, wicked, beastly, abominable charac- 
ters ; Moses, Nathan, Davrid, and the Prophets, no better. I must 
look upon the God of Israel as partaker in all these abominations, by 
holding them in fellowship ; and even as a minister of such iniquity, 
by giving king Sauls wives into king David's bosom ; and afterwards 
by taking David's wives from him, and giving them to his neighbour, 
I must consider Jesus Christ, and Paul, and John, as either living in 
a dark age, as full ofthe darkness and ignorance of barbarous climes, 
or else willfully abominable and wicked, in fellowshipping poly- 
gamists and representing them as fathers of the faithful, and rulers in 
heaven. I must doom them all to hell, with adulterers, fornicators, 
&c , or else, at least, assign to them some nook or corner in heaven, 
as ignorant persons, who, knowing but little, were beaten with few 
stripes. While by analogy, I must learn to consider the Roman 
Popes, clergy, and nuns, who do not marry at all, as formost in the 
ranks of glory ; and those Catholics and Protestants who have but 
one wife, as next in order of salvation, glory, immortality, and e- 
ternal lile. 

Now, dear friends, much as I long to see you, and dear as you 



179 

are to me, I can never come to these terms. I feel as though the 
Gospel had introduced me into the right family, into the right lineage, 
and into good company. And besides all these considerations, 
should .( ever become so beclouded with unbelief of the Scriptures 
and heavenly institutions, as to agree with my kindred in New 
Hampshire, in theory, still my practical circumstances are different, 
and would I fear continue to separate us by a wide and almost im- 
passable gulf. 

F^or instance, I have, (as you see, in all good conscience, founded 
on the word of (iod,) formed family and kindred ties, which are in- 
expressibly derfr to me, and which I can never bring my feelings to 
consent to dissolve. I have a good and virtuous husband whom I 
love. We have four little children which are mutually and inex- 
pressibly dear to us. And besides this, my husbaiid has seven other 
living wives, and one who has departed to a better world. EJe has 
in all upwards of twenty-five children. All these mothers and 
children are endeared to me by kindred ties, by mutual affection, by 
acquaintance and association ; and the mothers in particular, by 
mutual and long-continued exercises of toil, patience, long suffering, 
and sisterly kindness. We all have our imperfections in this life ; but 
I know that these are good and worthy wom.en, and that my husband 
is a good and worthy man ; one who keeps the commandments of 
Jesus Christ, and presides in his family like an Abraham. He seeks 
to provide for them with ail diligence ; he loves them all, and seeks 
to comfort them and make tliem happy. He teaches them the com- 
mandments of Jesus christ, and gathers them about him in the family 
ciicle to call upon his Goil, both morning and evening. He and his 
family tiave the confidence, esteem, good-will, and fellowship of this 
entire territory, and of a wide circle of acquaintances in l^urope and 
America. He is a practical teacher of morals and religion, a pro- 
moter of general education, and at present occupies an honourable 
seat in the Legislative Couocil of this territory. 

Now, as to visiting my kindred in New Hampshire, I would be 
pleased to do so, were it the will of God. But first, the laws of that 
state must be so modified by enlightened legislation, and the customs 
and consciences of its inhabitants, and of my kindred, so altered, 
that my husband can accompany me with all his wives and children, 
and be as much respected and honoured in his family organization, 
and in his holy calling, as he is at home; or in the same manner as 
the Patriarch Jacob would have been respected, had he, with his 
wives and children, paid a visit to his kindred. As my husband is 
yet in his youth, as well as myself, I fondly hope we shall live to see 
that day. For already the star of Jacob is in the ascentlency; the 
house ot Israel is about to be restored: while *' Mystery Babylon^'' 
with all her institutions, awaits her own overthrow. Till this is the 
case in New Hampshire, njy kindred will be under the necessity of 



180 

coming here to see us, or on the other hand we will be mutually 
compelled to forego the pleasure of each other's company. 

You mention, in your letter, that Paul, the Apostle, recommended 
that Bishops be the husband of one wife. Why this was the case, I 
do not know, unless it was as he says, that while he was among 
llomans he did as Romans did. Rome, at that time, governed the 
world, as it were; and although gross idolaters, they held to the one 
wife system. Under these circumstances, no doubt, the Apostle 
Paul, seeing a great many polygamists in the Church, recommended 
that they had better choose for this particular temporal office, men of 
small families, who would not be in disrepute with'the government. 
This is precisely our course in those countries where Roman institu- 
ti )ns still bear their sway. Our Eldeis there have but one wife, in 
order to conform to the laws of men. 

You enquire why Elder W., when at your house, denied that the 
Church of this age held to the doctrine of plurality. I answer, that 
he might have been ignorant of the fact, as our belief on this point 
was not published till 1852. And had he known it, he had no right 
to reveal the same until the full time had arrived. God kindly with- 
held this doctrine for a time, because of the ignorance and prejudice 
of the nations of mystic Babylon, that peradventure he might save 
some of them. 

Now, dear sister, I must close. I wish all my kindred and old 
acquaintances to see this letter, or a copy thereof; and that they will 
consider it as if written to themselves. I love them dearly, and 
greatly desire and pray for their salvation, and that we may all meet 
with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of God. 

Dear sister, do not let your prejudices and traditions keep you 
from believing the Bible : nor the pride, shame, or love of the world 
keep you from your seat in the kingdom of heaven, among the royal 
family of polygamists. Write often and ireely. 

With sentiments of the deepest affection and kindred feeling, I 
remain, dear sister, your affectionate sister, 

Belinda Marden Pkatt. 
Mrs. Lydia Kimball, Nashua, N.H. 

P.S. — 'My kind love to your husband, and all enquiring friends. 

ELEVENTH GENERAL EPISTLE OF THE PRESIDENCY OF 
THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS. 

TO THE SAINTS IN THE VALLEYS OF THF MOUNTAINS, AND THOSE SCATTERED 
ABROAD THROUGHOUT THE EARTH GREETING. 

{From the "Deseret News,^' April 13 ) 

Continued from page 167. 

In this country there is no person possessing an ordinary degree of 
health and strength, but can earn a support for himself and family. But 



181 

mauy of our brethren have been raised at some particular trade or em- 
ployment in the old country, and have not tact and ingenuity to turn 
their hand to anything, which forms a strong feature in American 
character. It therefore becomes our duty to teach them the way to 
live. They are generally good citizens, of industrious habits, and 
with a little teaching will soon be able to support themselves. We 
desire the bishops to give them employment which they can perform, 
and exercise a little patience in instructing them ; and it will soon 
be found that they will no longer prove a burden upon the public 
funds. They are frequently landed here without food or means of 
any kind ; tor a short time they will necessarily need assistance ; but 
if the above suggestions are complied with, they can soon not only 
sustain themselves, but repay all that has been advanced. 

Let not the honest poor suiter, but administer unto them in wisdom. 
So shall the Lord reward you. and the cries of the poor not arise un- 
to the Lord our God in testimony against us. 

There are many thousand of dollars now owing to the Perpetual 
Emigrating Fund Company, from those who have received assistance 
from the Company to emigrate to this country. When we consider 
the great good annually accomplished by the agency of this Fund, we 
feel that all Saints should aid, and contribute of their means to ac- 
complish the emigration of the poor Saints from among the various 
nations, where oppression holds her bloody sway, famine menaces, 
and gross darkness and wickedness pervade the minds of the people, 
holding them enchained in the bonds of bigotry and ignorance. 

While the God of all the earth is pouring out His judgments u])- 
on a wicked world, in fulfillment of His word spoken by the mouth 
of His Prophets in past and present generations, by pestilence, famine, 
tempest, and devouring flame, men and nations, drunk with their own 
fury, appear impatient to hasten their own consummation. In reck- 
lessness and wrath they are destroying each other upon the rivers of 
water, and railroads, the wide spread lakes and open sea ; they 
rush to their own destruction. Nation rises against nation ; civil 
discord engenders strife ; and war, crimson w ar, with all its attendant 
horrors, lends its desolating aid to depopulate the earth. 

Thus, amid crime and famine, pestilence and war, the convulsions 
of nations, and of the earth, and the elements around the earth, the 
Gospel of salvation, by the discerning honest mind, is hailed as a bea- 
con of joy, and is no sooner received than it begets an earnest desire 
for deliverance from wicked Babylon, that they may pass the ordeal 
and withstand, in unison with the Saints in Zion, the scourge, the 
consumption which God has decreed shall make the earth empty, 
when they may rest until His fury and indignation shall be overpassed. 

Then haste, ye Elders, to the work which lies before you ; and let 
all the Saints go to with their mights to prepare for the great day of 
power and devastation which will assuredly come upon the whole 



182 

earth, for the day when the Son of Man shall appear, the Ancient of 
Days shall sit in judgment, and each and every one will be required 
to render a faithful and true account of his stewardship. 

Humble yourselves, O ye Saints of the Most High ! for the day 
draweth nigh ! Let your division, discord, envying, and wickedness 
cease from among you ; and dwell together in ])eace and unity. Give 
your hearts to God, and your might, mind and strength to the accom- 
plishment of His purposes in the last days. Let nothing swerve yon 
from the path of duty. Awake to the importance of your calling 
and the work which is for you to accomplish. Shake off the lethargy 
which enwraps you as a mantle ; and let your works and faith appear 
like the noonday sun in brightness and glory to all around. Have 
continually in your minds the work of God, the salvation of Israel, 
the deliverance of the poor from the tyrant's grasp and the oppres- 
sor's rod. 

And to the poor we say, Be industrious and faithful ; and so soon as 
you shall be able to return in some available means the advances 
which have aided you in your deliverance, remember those who, in 
like circumstances with yourselves, are anxiously looking to the same 
source for relief. 

In these secluded vales we gather the Saints that we may enjoy 
the rights and privileges of the Constitution, denied to us elsewhere ; 
that we may have the privilege of worshipping God according to the 
dictates of our own consciences. We gather that we may enjoy not 
only the rights of citizenship, but live in peace, and have the respect 
and courtesy extended to ourselves and our families by our associates, 
which is denied to us in the world. We gather that we may obey 
the ordinances and keep the commandments of God, and concentrate 
O'jr ability in rolling forth the great work of God upon the earth, es- 
tablishing His kingdom, building temples, and preparing the way for 
the coming of the Son of Man. And when those professing to be 
Saints, gather with us, we naturally expect them to be influenced by 
the same motives. 

We are gathered here, not to scatter around and go off to the mines 
or any other place, but to build up the kingdom of God. And those 
vrho gather for any other purpose, we wish them no harm, but can- 
not consider or hold them as in fellowship. We have no fellowship 
for those who embrace this work for aught else than the love of the 
truth and the testimony of Jesus ; who are not willing to endure all, 
leave all, sacrifice all, and everything for the sake of the Gospel of 
Christ. 

It is the duty of the rich to relieve the suffering poor, to adminis- 
ter to theirnecessities, and faithfuly apply their means to the gather- 
ing of Israel, the spread of the Gospel, and the building up of the 
Kingdom. 



DEATH OF THE PATRIARCH JOHN SMITH. 

{From the " D3S(re N ws," May 25 ) 

The knell for the departure of one mighty spirit has hardly ceased sounding 
in our ears, ere we are called upon to announce the departure of another 
noble spirit, who has laid down a frail body to rest awhile, and passed 
behind the vail to strike hands and rejoice with his brothers Joseph, Asahel, 
and Silas ; his nephews Joseph and Hyrum, and the faithful of all ages. 

JOHN SMFFH, Patriarch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints, after a severe illness of one month, died at his residence in this city, 
at ten minutes past eleven o'clock, p.m., on the 23rd instant. 

Father Smith was born in Derryfield, (now Manchester) Rockinghain 
County, New Hampshire, on the 14th of July, a.d. 1781, and was baptized 
into the faith, which has so long preserved his life in usefulness, on the 9th 
of January, 1832, and ordained an Elder, after having been given up by the 
docters to die of consumption. The weather was so cold that the ice had to 
be cut, and from that time he gained health and strength. 

In 1833 he moved to Kirtland, Ohio, and in 1838 to Far West, Caldwell 
County, Missouri, and thence to Adam-ondi-Ahman, in Davies County, 
where he presided over that Branch of the Church until expelled by the mob 
in 1839, and arrived in Illinois on the 28th of February of that year. He 
located at Green Plains, six miles from Warsaw, where he put in a crop of 
corn, split rails, and performed much hard labour unsuited to his health and 
years, but obliged to be done for the support of his family. In June he 
moved to Commerce (since Nauvoo,) and on the 4th of October was 
appointed to preside over the Church in Iowa, and on the 12th moved to 
Lee County to fulfil that mission. 

October, 1843, he moved to Macedonia, Hancock County, Illinois, 
having been appointed to preside over the Saints in that place. In January 
1844, he was ordained a Patriarch, and in November of that year, was 
driven by mobbers from Macedonia to Nauvoo, where he continued to ad- 
minister patriarchal blessings, to the joy of thousands, until the 9th of 
February, 1846, when he was comipelled by the mob violence of the free 
and Sovereign State of Illinois, to again leave his home and cross the Mis- 
sissippi with his family, in search of a peaceful location, far off amid savages 
and deserts, in the valleys of the mountains. 

After passing a dreary winter on the right bank of the Missouri, at a place 
called Winter Quarters, he again took up the weary ox train march on the 
9th of June, 1847, and reached this place September 23rd, where he pre- 
sided over the Church in the mountains until January 1, 1849, under the 
hands of Presidents Brigham Young and Ileber C. Kimball, 

He moved out of the Fort on to his city lot last February, 1849, and this is 
the only spot on which he has been privileged to cultivate a garden two 
years in succession for the last twenty-three years. 

In addition to a vast amount of varied and efficient aid to thousands in 
the way of salvation, during his long and faithful ministry, he administered 
5560 Patriarchal Blessings— which are recorded in seven large and closely 
written books, and has closed the arduous duties of a well occupied pro- 
bation, and passed to a position of rest, where his works will nobly follow 
and honour him, and where he will continue his able counsels for the pros- 
perity and welfare of Zion. 



184 

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. 

Beloved Brother Farnham, San Barnardino, July 1st, 1854. 

With much pleasure I occupy a few moments to inform you of my safe 
arrival in this place, together with the company which was placed under my 
charge, with the exception of Sister Allen, who died on the 1 8th of April, 
and was buried on the Island called Uana, (spelt Huaheina,) some 30 
leagues of Otahita. The particulars of which I have given you in a former 
letter, which letter, will also give you a faint sketch of our passage, &c., up 
to the time of our reaching this coast. On Monday, the 12th of June, we 
droped anchor in the harbour of San Pedro. On my arrival, I found that 
the old firm of Douglass & Co. had changed hands, and is at present under 
the name of Alexander and Banning, who in every respect are gentlemen, 
and are now agents for our people. On the 13th, at 11 o'clock, a.m., I 
found myself comfortably seated on the back of a mule, and with the wind 
two points free, under full sail for San Bernardino. x\nd on the 14th, at 
5 o'clock, p.m., I again found myself in the circle of old and tried friends. 
On the 16th, team.s were started to the coast for the company, and on the 
2 1 st, all were safely moored in this beautiful valley. Rooms have been 
furnished, so that all the bretheren are now comfortably situated, and the 
most of them are now busily engaged in assisting the Saints to secure their 
grain. Elder P. P. Pratt arrived here on the 9th of June, from Salt Lake, 
accompanied by 20 Elders on their way to the Sandwich Islands. Elder 
Pratt is expecting to establish a place of gathering for the Saints of the 
Western Islands, at Horners Ranch ; he will also establish a printing estab- 
lishment somewhere in the upper country. The Saints have purchased a 
vessel which will commence operating from San Francisco. In reference 
to Australia, I have received no particular word up to the present, but in 
all probability you will receive advices before many months pass away, 
until which time, you will, as a matter of course, continue to move according 
to the best of your judgment. 

In relation to myself, I expect to tarry here until fall, as it is now to late 
in the season to cross the desert, especially in my present state of health, 
which is far from being good. As to our families in the Valley, from the 
best information I can get, all are well and doing well. 

Brother Porter, Dowdle's sister-in-law, Elnora Holladay, is dead ; 
also Sister Boyle is dead, which news you will please forward to Brother 
Dowdle. Relative to the work of the Lord, suffice to say, there is no divi- 
ation against Israel. Zion is bound to prosper for the God of all Saints is 
her friend. 

Please present my kind regards to all the Mission, and to all friends. 

Yours truly. 

To A. Farnham. William Hyde. 

INTELLIGENCE FROM NEW ZEALAND. 
We have received a letter from President A. Farnham, dated Auckland, 
Oct. 30th, giving an account of his and Elder Cooke's safe arrival, and that 
they had succeeded in renting a house, in which they were delivering a 
course of Lectures on the "Doctrines of the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints." 

Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Published by A. Farnham, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

Cfiiiif!) of Wtm^ Cfjnsit of ilattnv'Bay ^amt«g, 

IN SYDNEY. 



" HE THAT EEADETH LET HIM UNDERSTAND." 



^os. 24-25. THURSDAY, DECEMBER, 15, 1854. Vol. I 



ELEVENTH GENERAL EPISTLE OF THE PRESIDENCY OF 
THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS. 

TO THE SAINTS IN THE VALLEYS OF THE MOUNTAINS, AND THOSE SCATTERED 
ABROAD THROUGHOUT THE EARTH GREETING. 
(^From the "Deseret News," April 13 ; 
Continued from page 182, 

On the other hand, the poor should appreciate the blessings ex- 
tended unto them, and be willing to reciprocate accommodations, and 
repay in faithful labour as fast as they can. It is a matter of regret 
that too many who have been assisted by those having means, no 
sooner get located in a country where plenty and peace smile upon 
them, than they forget the hand which wrought salvation and deli- 
verance for them. It is owing in a great measure to this cause, that 
those w ho have means are reluctant to impart of their substance. In- 
gratitude is a crime which rankles deeply in the hearts of those upon 
whom it is practised. To do a kindness to a man and have him turn 
and rend you, shuts up the bowels of compassion, and keeps others 
from exercising that charity and benevolence which otherwise would 
have been their joy and delight to have extended. 

We therefore caution the poor Saints who have been assisted to 
come from the old countries, not to fail to repay, and remember in 
kindness those who assisted them, that others who yet seek deliver- 
ance may not be excluded from the blessings which they enjoy, by 
their acts of selfishness and ungrateful remembrance. 

The Elders in the Sandwich Islands arelooking for a location for the 
Saints of the Pacific Isles, where they may temporarily be gathered 
and preserved from those pernicious influences which appear in part 
the result of their intercourse with the whites, whose precursor to 
civilization to the aborigines of our country and the Indian races ge- 
nerally, is gross licentiousness and intemperance, which gradually 
wastes them away, and finally terminates in death and the extinc- 
tion of the native tribes. To avoid as much as possible such disas- 



trous results, it was considered wisdom to gather them upon some 
island where they can be instructed in the principles of virtue and 
moral practice, and have their minds prepared to receive light and in- 
telligence emanating from God for their exaltation and glory. A few 
might be brought to San Barnardino, and being instructed in the 
arts of civilization, become of great benefit in carrying truth, salva- 
tion, and its concomitant blessings to their various tribes. If the 
climate should agree with their health, their emigration might be in- 
creased, and the island location serve as a subsidiary gathering place, 
like others which we contemplate establishing in various parts of the 
Continent. 

We also recommend the Saints in Europe to come to the United 
States, under the instructions and direction of the Presidency of the 
British Isles, unto such place or places as may be selected for them 
to locate, where they can tarry until the way shall open for them to 
come to the Valleys of the Mountains. 

It is presumed that in a few years a railroad will be completed 
from the Missouri to this country ; in the meantime the Saints coming 
from the old country, will find their interest very much consulted by 
crossing the ocean and locating at the gathering places, where labour 
can readily be obtained with fair compensation ; and when the rail- 
road is finished, the Saints can be gathered with much less expense 
and inconvenience. It will immediately afford an opportunity for 
thousands of the Saints in the old country to emigrate, and be gathered 
where they can receive instructions, and enjoy the privilege of each 
other's society. 

Tlie Saints in Australia, India, and all countries bordering upon 
the Pacific, are instructed to gather to California, where they will be 
directed in their future movements by the Presidency of the Church in 
that country. 

We also desire that the Saints from the United States and Europe, 
coming to the Valleys of the Mountains, should bring with them seeds 
of every kind, especially fruit, seed-apple, peach, apricots, pear, plum, 
cherry, quince, currant, gooseberry, strawberry, and flower seed in 
all their variety; also teasle seed and madder, indigo, and other seeds 
the plants of which are used for dye stufts, which are appropriate to 
this latitude ; also various grasses, clover and cotton seeds for our 
southern settlements. 

The Elders who are sent from Zion to the various nations of the 
earth, are instructed to carry out our instructions under the direction 
of the Presidency over the various fields of their labours ; and we ex- 
hort all the Elders to be faithful in their calling, and keep them- 
selves pure and holy unto the Lord our God. A nd inasmuch as any 
of them are failing in their health, they are at liberty to return 
home without waiting to be called. It is the privilege and the 



187 

duty of the Elders while abroad, to counsel often together in their 
various fields of labour, and seek to know the will of the Lord; 
with fasting and prayer before God, decide upon such plans, and 
perforin such duties, pertaining to the interest of the cause of truth, 
as shall be manifested unto them, that inactivity and delay may 
not retard the work while seeking counsel from us who are so far 
distant from them. 

In matters of moment, which are of importance, and the time 
delayed in communication will not militate too much against the 
progress of the work, we would wish to be consulted. It must 
be evident to all, that as the work increases, great order should 
be preserved in the transaction of business. We therefore suggest 
to all of our agents to be prompt in making their Reports and 
Returns to us, and also to keep us advised of all matters pertain- 
ing to the interest of the cause in those countries where they are 
labouring. We have given, and intend to give, instructions through 
the Press from time to time, which will guide the Elders and Agents 
in their duties more definitely upon particular subjects, than is 
practicable in a General Epistle. From our own experience, we 
know that Elders will, if they are faithful, find themselves wholly 
dependent upon the Lord, not only for grace, but for means of sub- 
sistence. 

In union there is strength ! but how can a people become united 
in spiritual matters, and see eye to eye, which they can only partly 
understand, until they become united in regard to temporal things, 
which they do comprehend ? It was given in a revelation unto bro- 
ther Joseph Smith, in the early days of the Church, that all the Saints 
should consecrate their substance unto the Church, and receive their 
inhertitances at the hands of Bishop Partridge, who was then officia- 
ting in that office. 

Some years afterwards, the Lord seeing that the people had pollu- 
ted their inheritances, and that they would not comply with His for- 
mer commandment, directed in another Revelation to brother Joseph, 
that the people should consecrate all their surplus property ; which 
seemingly was not fully understood or practised. After this was given 
the Law of Tithing, which required that all should in the first instan- 
ce pay one tenth of their entire proprety into the Church, and there- 
after pay one tenth of all their increase ; which was for the poor, to 
promote the spread of the Gospel among the nations of the earth, 
support the ministry, and building of Temples unto the Most High. 

This is a brief statement concerning property held by those who 
become members of the Church ot Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. 
There were many obstacles in the way why those requirements could 
not be carried out ; the Church was in its infancy, and had to meet 
the ignorance, bigotry, and intolerance of a wicked and benighted 



188 

world. The brethern tliemselves had not been able to throw oti* their 
own traditions, and in many instances, apostacy and persecution well 
nigh overwhehined the people of God, and caused them to be driven 
from place to place, until they have finally found a resting place amid 
the valleys of these mountains. 

During the Conference, the teachings turned upon this subject, and 
the doctrine of being united in the things which could be understood 
by all, and concentrating our interest in things in which we could 
see eye to eye, was considered as being the first step towards efiect- 
ing that union so desirable to be accomplished ; which would give us 
tliat power to put down iniquity, and drive every evil and pernicious 
influence from our midst. This principle manifested itself to the un- 
derstanding of the brethren in all its plamness, beauty and simpli- 
city. The people seemed to feel a strong desire to comply with every 
commandment and requirement which had been given ; and appeared 
to feel as though now there were no obstacles to a full and frank 
compliance with the law of consecration, as first given to brother 
Joseph. 

The sequel thus far proves their sincerity in this thing ; for they 
flock by hundreds and thousands to give in their names, devoting 
and deeding all and every thing which they possess, imto the Church, 
receiving their inheritances, and so much of their property as is need- 
ful for them, from the hands of the Bishop. 

February 14th, Mother Smith, wife of the aged Patriarch, Father 
John Smith, went to her rest among the faithful Saints. She is the 
mother ot brother George A. Smith, and was one among the first to 
receive the fulness of the everlasting Gospel. 

Our beloved brother, Willard Richards has passed the vail ; to us 
he is gone ; to Joseph and Hyrum he is come. For a short period 
truly, his body may rest in the grave, only to be renewed, quickened, 
and prepared for an immortal career, beyond the influence of sin, 
Satan, disease, and death. In the zenith of his life and usefulness 
he has been taken, seemingly, only to relieve him from toil, care, 
and peradventure tribulation and persecution yet to ccme, of which 
he had endured his full share. Our separation will be but short, 
although life should be extended to us to that degree usually allotted 
to the children of men. He was taken seriously ill on the 22nd of 
January, and continued through severe suff'ering until the 11th of 
March, at half-past 9 a.m., when he fell asleep in the triumphs of 
the Gospel ; in that Gospel and faith which had so long sustained 
him, and afforded him strength and ability in his greatest tribula- 
tions, and imparted consolation amid the keenest distress and an- 
guish. His impulses only throbbed for the spread of the Gospel, 
and the salvation of his species ; his great heart only beat for truth, 
the salvation of Israel, and the redemption of Zion. 



189 

Diii'ing the last few years of liis existence, lie clung' to life through 
much sullering', that he might have the privilege before iie should 
sleep with the Saints, of discharging his duties as General Church 
Recorder ant' Historian. His great desire was that he might be ilm 
faithful chronicler of the works of the Lord in the last days. To re- 
cord a plain simple truth, the scenes through which the Saints vvere 
passing-; their trials and persecutions, journeyings, anxieties, dis- 
tress and death ; and as often their remarkable preservation, re- 
gatherings, rejoicings, and blessings, and enrol in the archives of the 
Church the hand-dealing of God with his people — furnished a theme 
so full of incident, so interwoven with all their every day life and 
experience, so glorious, and congenial to his feelings, that no wonder 
death was kept waiting at the door, while his great energy and 
power, impelled by the Spirit of Almighty God, caustdhim to wield 
the pen of a ready writer, in pourtraying, in great beauty and exact- 
ness, the history ot this people, in defending the cause of truth, and 
transmitting to the latest generation the noble bearing, pure motives, 
and character of inspired men — men of God whom the present age 
have vilified, slandered, abused, and finally treacherously b( trayed 
and massacred, while under the pledged faith of a so-called loyal 
and civilized government. 

In the circle of his family, friends, and acquaintances, his death 
has caused many an aching heart, and in the many important oflices 
which he filled with distinguished ability, honour, and faithfulness, 
his loss is severely felt. 

In the consolations of our holy religion, we find that although it 
is our lossj it is his gain. Although bereft, by his loss, of the most 
steadfast integrity — the warmest and most undeviating friendship — 
the genial warmth of sympathy, counsel, true devotion, and fidelity, 
which always so nobly characterized his intercourse with us, and 
with this people, yet he is not lost to us ; although separated in body, 
the kindred feeling existing in our bosoms will never be eradicated, 
nor will his usefulness be abated, for his works will follow him. 

Adieu, dear doctor, for a season ! The tender thread of thy mortal 
eareer is broken, and we mourn in sympathy with thy bereaved fii- 
mily and friends, and for ourselves, but not for thee : for thee, who 
hath gloriously won the race, and safely moored thy ha7^que in the 
harbour of eternal life. 

Elders Franklin D. Richards, Joseph A.Young, Wm. H. Kimball, 
George D. Grant, Edmund Ellsworth, William Young, James A. 
Little, left on the 29th of March, on a mission to England, together 
witli Frederick Kesler and George Halliday, who accompany them 
to St. Louis, on business. This mission was appointed previous to 
the Conference, that they might arrive at the field of their labours 
in time to enable Samuel W. Richards to return home Wm^ present 
season. 



190 

As will be perceived by the accompanying Minutes, the Annual 
Conference, after four days session, adjourned on Sunday evening, 
the 9th instant, to meet again on the 27th day of June next, although 
at the commencement the w^eather was rather cold and stormy, yet 
the large and commodious Tabernacle was not capacious enough to 
contain all the congregation. 

On Saturday afternoon and Sunday they became so numerous, and 
the weather becoming mildei*, the meeting convened on the outside, 
within the walls of the Temple block, immediately on the north end 
of the Tabernacle. Elder G. A. Smith was appointed General Church 
Recorder and Historian, and Jedediah M. Grant was chosen second 
Counsellor to the First President. 

The appointment of Franklin D. Richards, and the Elders who 
had left for England, was sustained by vote of Conference, and bro- 
thers Orson Pratt, Erastus Snow, Orson Spencer, and many others, 
were appointed to missions in the United States. Brother Parley P. 
Pratt was appointed to preside in California, and will dictate the 
mission to the Islands and countries bordering upon the Pacfic 
Ocean. 

Some twenty young Elders were chosen to go to the Islands of 
the Pacific, making sixty-five in all appointed to go on missions at 
this Conference. We can truly say it was a season of refreshing, 
mingled, it is true, with toil and labour to us, yet we came out with 
our health unimpaired, our feelings strengthened, our emotions over- 
flowing with gratitude and love to God, and full of blessings upon 
His people. Great liberty in preaching was experienced by all who 
spoke to the Conference, and the Spirit of the Lord accompanied the 
words with power to the understanding of the silently-listening 
thousands who appeared literally to feast upon the principles per- 
taining to life and exaltation, emanaiing from the fountain of wisdom 
and intelligence. Our hearts were gladdened by the union and good 
spirit which eminently prevailed during Conference, and we hope 
that our brethren and sisters will retain the same spirit with them 
in all their labours and associations at home and among their neigh- 
bours, that peace, harmony, union, love, and charity, may universally 
prevail throughout all the land ; that contentions, strifes, or discord, 
may no more be heard therein. 

Before closing our epistle, we cannot refrain from admonishing our 
brethren again concerning: the remnants of Israel, in whose midst we 
are at present located. While we send Elders to the nations afar 
off, remember that Israel at home must not go neglected ; preach the 
Gospel to the natives in our midst, teach them the way to live, in- 
struct them in the arts of civilization, and treat them as you would 
like to be treated, if you, through the transgression of your father, 
had fallen into the same state of ignorance, degradation, and misery, 
which is the portion they inherit. Remember the time is hastening 



191 

when the curse will be removed, and although a remnant, still that 
remnant will be saved. If you want peace, it is the best policy not 
to fight them, for the more you fight them, the more you m ay ; but 
as we have before counselled you, take care of yourselves and pro- 
perty ; do not resent their bitter taunts made in ignorance, nor level 
yourselves to their condition, but hold yourselves higher, and seek to 
elevate them to your standard. This will be doing them good, and 
do you no harm. This is the Gospel ot salvation to them, who must 
gradually but surely perish if they cannot, through the agency of 
this people, be brought to an understanding of those principles of 
regeneration and salvation which perpetuate existence, and which was 
promised unto their father Abraham as his blessing. 

Finally, brethren, give heed unto the whisperings of the Spirit of 
the Lord your God. Be ye filled with the Holy Ghost ; let your 
peace flow like unto a river, without let or hindrance ; be merciful 
and kind to the stranger, and forbearing to each other ; be faithful 
to keep your covenants, and abide the trial of your faith. Be humble 
before the Lord your God, and keep His commandments, and the 
vail of the covering will be raised, and the vision of your minds will 
be opened, and your hearts will be filled with joy and rejoicing from 
day to day, as ye see the time approaching, and witness the step- 
pings of Almighty God amid the mighty tread of earth's millions 
hastening to destroy each other ; put down iniquity, wickedness, and 
bring forth Zion, the peace of Jerusalem, and the universal triumph 
and reign of truth and righteousness upon the whole earth. 

BRIGHAM YOUNG. 

HEBER C. KLMBALL. 

JEDEDIAH M. GRANT. 
Great Salt Lake City, April 10th, 1854. 



THE GOSPEL WITNESS. 



And "this go«pel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world, for a witness unto all nations, 

then shall the end come." 
Reader, will you consider three things? First, What is the gospel ? Second, 
What use is to be made of it ? Third, the result. 

First. What is the Gospel ? You say it is good news. Very t/ue, it is good news. 
But any preacher from the highest to lowest grade would tell you this. But is 
any good news the gospel ? You may hear of the return of a long absent friend 
whom you supposed to be lost, or of the discovery of valuable treasure, and much 
other news which is good and cheering ; but still you are a "tranger to the gospel. 
I will tell you what is the gospel. Do not refuse to read or listen. Although you 
may have attended some place of popular worship for years, still it may not have 
occurred 10 you what is, in reality, the gospel. Yea more, you, sir, may even have 
been a respectable preacher of religion, and yet be ignorant of the gospel. In short, 
the gospel is good news from heaven in your own day. Now be slow to condemn 
this definition, and read on with a careful honest mind, and you shall acknowledge 
the truth of what I say. You and I are agreed in this, that the gospel is good new». 
But you ask me to prove that it is also good news from heaven. This I will »oon 



192 

do. Well, to the proof. The Sciiptures say that the gospel was preached to 
Abraham Ahraham was surrounded with idolatieus worshippers, and there was 
no one to preach the gospei to him, unless some one should be sent from the heavens. 
Accordingly the Lord appeared to him a- d told him to leave his country and 
kindred. This was the first good nevrs that dawned upon that generation worth 
namin.'. Because it came from heaven. God himself from time to time ai peared 
to Abraham and lo d him what was good When he was about to slay his only 
son, a messa^j^e from the heavens relieved him from the painful nec.ssity of striking 
the deadly blow. God instructed him in the choice of a temporal location Abra- 
ham's sons, Isaac and Jacob, although they enjoyed the devout teachings of 
their farher Ahraham, still they could not dispense with occasional communications 
from the heavens. 

The gospel or a heavenly message came to Jac ih when he was in awful peril 
from his brother Esau. 5 he Lord came to bim at this critical moment and blessed 
him. And he testifies that he had seen the Lord face to face. Lot received a vidt 
f:om two angels, who informed him of the necessity of removing his family and 
friends immediately, in order to escape destruction. 

Any news or intelHgence that did not come from the heavens was never 
leckoned or considered to be the gospel. Who woul 1 now suppuse that th-' news- 
papers of the day contain the gosf)el, although they contain much important 
news ab ut the French revoluton, and the Mexican war, and tlie proceedings ot" 
Parliament. Noav, to say that t; e sospel is good news, irrespective of the souica 
from whence it comes, is highly absurd- Nothing can be called gospel that does not 
come from heaven. 

Very well, says my attentive rea'ler ; I readily admit that the jrospel is in very 
deed no more nor less than good news from the heavens. But, adds ihe reader, 
I am not equally satisfied that the gospel consists in good news from heaven in our 
own day. Aye, indeed! T is is a very important conhideration. If the definition 
of gospel is not limited to news from heaven in our own day and generation : 
then the term news may embrace news both ancient and familiar, even thiner.s 
that have been well known for manv centuries. Thereby, who will be able to dis- 
tinguish news from things o^d. Who in this day would consider the discovery of 
the ait of printing to be good news after the lapse of four centuries ? It was good 
neAvs some centuries ago. But the news has ceased with its familiarity. JohnVs 
gospel was good news from heaven to the people living in John's day. But it 
ce ses to become news after the familiarity of eighteen centuries. Bnt it would i)e 
good news if the -ame gospel, with the same gi'ts, power, and blessings, accompa- 
nied with the authority of apostles and prophets were now announced by an angel 
from heaven. In the 'atter event, we should have the gospel " euangellion" good 
news; othe wise, we should have to be content witli old news or wiiat was the 
gospel in former days, merely in a printed copy, without living apost es and pro- 
phets, without the supernatural power of the Holy Ghost. The ground on which 
devout people r. jected Christ's advent from heaven, and ihe immediate ministration 
of supernatural powers in the ajjosto'ic age, was that the gospe! preached to Abraham 
and Moses was sufficient. This theological position is still maintained by the Jews 
even in this day. The argument of Christians is precisely like that of the 
Jews. The .Jews are content with the O'd Testament, and Christians are cont nt 
with tl'.e addition of the New. If the ^'rgument of the Christian is good that of the 
Jew is equally good. But the scriptures express y condemn the arguments of both. 
" The Letter killeth, but the S.iritgiveth if\" It is the Spirit that quickeneth. 
The Old Testament was not the grand means of converting people in Abraham's 
day, or in Moses' day. Neither whs the Nt-w Testament the grand means of con- 
verting people in Peter's day. When Abraham commenced a dispensation to the 
generation in which he ived, he was not governed by the books of previous dispen- 
sations. He drew his instructions fresh from the heavens Moses did the same. 
Jesus Christ and the Apostles did in dke manner. 

There is a vast <iifference between fai h in books of any description, and faith in 
the living God. The mo-st sacred book that ever was written li.is no power in v com- 
pared wit'i tie power of the Living God. A mere child may throw it down and 
trample it unde; foot. But who can wield an arm like the Almighty ? One might 
read and believe the bible with all his heait during a thousand years, and never hav« 



193 

power to heal the sick, cast out devils, or to prophecy, or to speak with tongues, or 
to forgive sins. Neither would reading and heartily believing the bible ever i-emit 
his sins or save his ami. The bible has no power to S] eaksothat any man can hear. 
For how can they hear without a preacher? How ctn they preach without they be 
sent ? But when a message comes from heaven in our own day, and confers power 
on men to preach and to hear preaching, this is good news. This is the gosi^el or 
"power of God unto sa vation." When this communication of power ceases, th« 
gospel ceases, there is no more good news. Sectarian preachers tell of the power that 
was, iiud not of the power that is. They laud the intelligence of visions from hea- 
ven that transpii'ed eighteen hundred years ago. But that is the latest news from 
heave I. Eighteen hundred years ago! Not very late news su ely ! Rather old? 
And yet the g spel or '' euangetlion'' necessarily means good ne^^s. 

A cert iin man had a friend or lord living in a far country upon whom he was 
dependent for many favours ; yea, his peace, prosperity and happiness, and ereti 
life itself, depended wholly up )n the go d will of this distant lord. Now who 
would n<it think t'lat his lord was offended or alienated from him after refusing to 
communicate with him lor the long period of eighteen hu idr«d years, in any such 
manner as he had been accusiomed to do in all prrvious ages ? What wou'd be 
thought of this tenant if, at length he fjoes to his neighb )ur and says — neighbour, 
I gave some good news to tell you Aye, indeed ; what is it, I pray you? Wky, I 
have heard from my friend, the lord of all the land! "Well, fiiend, I am heartily 
e^jad you have heard because there have been a greitmany communications sent to 
him by all the peop'e in these parts, who call th mselves his aeirants and tenants-at- 
will, and I hot© that the intelligence which you have rec ived, will go to su press 
many variances and dscords that have loag produced much confusion, and even 
bl.K dshed among his servants and fond people, throughout all tliese chrisiian 
countries. Not so fast, neighbour ; not so fast. You misapprehend me altogether, 
if you think that I have heard anytuing quite recent from our lord. Not so. It is 
neir eighteen hundred years since he has communicated to the inhabitants of 
Christendom But, as our minister says it is news, I thought I would tell you. 
Humph, humph ! News ! Ministers are too lamed for mes who never studied Greek. 
News, eigh een hundred jears old! IF it warn't for larned ministers I verily be- 
lieve we should need the supernatural gifts again. The plague of it is, there are 
so many of the difftrent sects getting larnin' t()oppo^eone another, that it costs a 
fine bit to pay a minister that is sharp enough to whip out the others! 

So much has been said because many are v^ry tenacious of the original term 
" tuangei lion" or good news. Paul, moved by tlie H;>ly Gnost, says, "the G >spel 
is the power of God unto salvation." Heie is a plain definition, given by the Spirit of 
Gd, and ought to be te^arded as h gher authority than any lexicon or dicii nary. 
The gospel then, is the power of God transferred from he ven to earth, in order to 
save men, in our own day and age of the word. If the power of God were not trans- 
fe rtd to men in our own day, it would not be good news, a.s we have shown. Of 
what benefit would it have been to Peter and Paul to know that Moses was visited 
wiih the po ' er of God some hundreds of ye^rs befo e his day, if the like power 
was not available to himse fin ids own dav ? Why none at all. Is it of any be- 
nefit to one peiishing for want of be id, mi>rely to kn'>w that bread was sent to 
another man living five huncired years before him ? Such intelligence wouid not 
c ntribnte to his present necessi.y, but i mght airgravate his perishing condition. 
The distinguishing mark of thegos-e^ iie-; in t^ power. This power is su ernatural 
and is alwa>s such as God cny could make msiiifest. All creeds and systems 
cf mere human origin miy be exe cised witi)out the intervention ©f supernatural 
agency. But the gospel never came o men without superhuman p.)wer. An Al- 
mighty hand always attends it. What dd the disciples lack previous to the day of 
Pentecost. They had e joyed I he 'caching of Je us, the Son ot God, but stid they 
l;icked something, and th t something w is more power. Jesus himself could not 
confer that power until he lad suffered. Siys le, " larry \eat Jerusalem until ye 
b' endued ^^ iih power from on big). "After they received this power of the Spirit, 
ti.en, they sp'ke in dem nstration of the Spirit atid with power. And so de^u-ous 
has God always been to make the power to be conspicu )usly and undeniabiy fom 
heaven, that He has ch' sen weak things and foolish things t > subseive his purpose, 
that the excellency of the powei might be of God and not of man. To as m ;ny i* 



194 

received him, to them gave he power to become the ions of Qod. The body of 
true believers in the apostolic age were to be attended with the signs and tokens 
of Almighty power. This principle was recognised and distinctly announced in 
the apostolic commisnon to preich in all the world. " These signs shall follow 
them that believe." In my name shall they cast out devils, speak with new tongues ; 
if they shall take up serpents or drink any deadly p dson, it shall not hurt them; 
they shall lay their hands on the sick, and they shall recover.'* 

Now, none of these things could take place without power. The sick are not 
recovered by laying on hands, without extraordinary power. The natural force of 
poison is not abated or nullified without the interposition of power. Neither is the 
gift and power of speaking a new tongue conferred in a moment by laying on 
hands, by means of mere human power. But the true gospel was eminently and 
emphatically attended with supernatural power. 

No godly man ever pretended to know God only by means of supernatural re- 
velation. Pharisees and sectarian pretenders have always claimed ihat it was sufficient 
for them that their ancestors, living in some previous age, knew God by revelation; 
but as for them, pious descendants, they had no need. Any gospel, destitute 
of supernatural power, is destiMitc of God. It is barely on a level with other human 
systems. But the gospel of Christ is the power of God unto salvation- Take 
away the power of the gospel, and you take away the remission of sins, and the 
healing of diseases, and the spirit of prophecy. Take away the power of the gos- 
pel, and you take away the mini-^try of angels, and the illuminations of visions and 
dreams, and the doctiines of miracles, &c. But when these things shall be taken 
from the New Testament, what will there be left ? What a feeble and contempti- 
ble relic of a system would the New Testament become without these things ? 
How insignificant would the history of Christ and his Apostles, or that ol the 
prophets of the Old Testament without these things ? Look at a bible without 
prophets and apostles for the work of the ministry, and without a Holy Ghost to 
derive intelligence and power from Christ, Without the gift of prophecy to acquaint 
men with things future, or call to remembrance things past, without a healing ordi- 
nance for the blind, the lame, the deaf, the palsied, the sick— without miraculous power 
to cast out devils — shut the mouths of lions — quench the violence of fire — seal up the 
heavens against rain — rebuke the angry elements, and feed the famishing ; without 
any order of angels to communicate between the heavens and earth — without faith to 
stay the progress of the sun, and put to flight the armies of the aliens, and subdue 
kingdoms. Take the principle of power from tlie ancient scriptures and where is 
the doctrine of the resurrection of countless millions of the human family from the 
dust of death ? From whence comes the hope of harmonising the adverse spirits 
of the animal and human race, and of establishing familiar intercourse between the 
heavens and the earth, and of causino; a perfect conformity to the divine will and 
ce'estial order on the face of the whole earth? Without these teachinas and exhi- 
bitions of power, the bible would become one of the silliest and most impotent books 
that was ever printed. A system of religion, drawn from a powerless bible, one 
would scarcely suppose could ever be imposed upon any but the weakest and most 
benighted minds. A bible bereft of all these supernatural powers would bear so 
little resemblance to the true records of the ancient revelations, that afiy man that 
should offer it as a substitute would be accounted as the most bare-faced impostor. 
As well might a fruit tree that had become perpetually barren be recommended 
for its fruitfulness, as that the bible should be recommended after it is bereft of its 
divine power; and as well miG;ht men think to feed a family on tie fruit of a barren 
tree, merely because the tree is said to have borne divine fruit in some centuries 
past ! But, reader, that which the bible would be without supernatural power, 
that same, modern Christianity, now is. What I have represented the powerless 
bible to be, is a proper picture of modern Christianity. Modern Christianity never 
aupeais so odious, or in such ugly features, as when it claims a parentage from the 
Old and New Testament. A donkey might better claim parentage in the noble 
imaore of man, than modern chiistianity in the bible ! If you wanted to se'ect a 
•triking specimen of the ridiculous, you might set a modern doctor or bishop by the 
Side of a primitive apost'e. The apostle lays his hands on the sick to heal him. 
1 he bishop sends him to the physician. The apos le heils the cripple at the temple 
gate in the name of Jesus ; the lafer recomniensd the almshou^e and hospital. 



1^5 

The former addresses strangers out of distant nations by the gift of tongues; the 
latter forbids it, and recommends a course of study in the university. The former 
baptizes believers only for the remission of sins ; the latter sprinkles infants who 
have no sins and are fit for the kingdom of heaven without baptism. The one 
lays on hands to confer the Holy Gfciost upon all who obey the gospel, according 
to a standing divine promise of all ages : the other says the Holy Ghost has ceased 
his supernatural work. One receives the ministry of an angel to open his prison 
door ; the other has servants enough to open his palace gate and has no need of 
angels. One endures joyfully the spoiling of his goods for Christ's sake ; the other 
spoils rate-payers, goods greedily for his lusts sake. One preaches a living- God 
with body, parts, and passions ; the other preaches a God that once lived in former 
days without body, parts, and passions. 

What are the good tidings that modern preachers bring to the people ? "Why 
noticing at all. The good tidings that saints anciently brought to the people were, 
that a message had come from the heavens — from God the Father of Spirits. 
Modern preachers bring no such tidings from God, which shows that God does not 
communicate with them as he did with the saints of former ages. The God of modern 
christians is not a God of wonders, signs, and mighty deeds, as he was to ancient 
saints. Biit the true God is unchangeably the same at all times and the same faith 
and obedience will be followed with the same fruits — the same signs and wonder*. 
The gospel being the power of God, has a transforming influence to renew men's 
minds and bring them into the perfect image of Ged. Believers are first born of 
the water and then of, the spirit of God. Through the spirit of God they become 
partakers of the divine nature, and though it doth not now appear what they shall 
be, yet we know that they will be like Jesus Christ. Whatever attributes and 
godlike powers and virtues Jesus Christ possesses, the Saints will possess similar 
attributes; aud through faithfulness become perfect as their heavenly father is per- 
fect. The growth and perfection of the Saints can only be limited by the bound- 
less perfections of the Spirit of which they are partakers. 

As they are born of a Spirit infinitely wise and powerful, their onward progress is 
towards glories unspeakably great and infinite. They are changed into the image of 
God, as by the spirit from glory to glory. " Behold, what manner of love, the Father 
hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the Sons of God !" It was no mar- 
vellous thing even, to call them Gods to whom the word of God came. Inasmuch as 
God is the father of his own sons, he is the Go<i?. of gods and King of kings. Surely 
men should praise Him who hath made them kings and priests unto God. When men 
in any age of the world have obtained the Spirit of God by adoption, they have been 
put in possession of the same principle of power and wisdom by which the Almighty 
works. Hence, Jesus said, that his followers should do greater works than He (Jesus) 
did. 

All the attributes of divine power and wisdom are perfectly communicable to them 
who cherish the Spirit of God, even to fulness. By the power of God Sampson puts to 
flight whole armies — Joshua arrests the planets in their orbits — Elias holds back the 
rain for the long term of three and a half years — others forsee and describe events 
down to the winding up scene of this earth. Herein is a specimen of the attributes 
and powers, with which mere men, in a short period of a few years have been clothed 
by the gospel, which is the power of God unto salvation, to them that believe. No 
one can entertain a rational doubt that, by the same principle of po\rer in the ages to- 
come, the glory of man will as far transcend anything that has as yet been recorded of 
man, as the heart can conceive or tongue express. All this, because he is assimilating 
to the glory of God, even to the likeness of His image by the eternal Spirit. Herein 
is the excellency of the gospel, that it makes those who obey it like unto God. Not 
barely like him in purity, but also in power and wisdom. The righteous will know 
as they are known, and the manifold wisdom of God be shown forth in the church, 
which is the pillar and ground of the truth. The true church is destined to exhibit the 
varied perfections of the Godhead, even as the fruit exhibits the character of the tree. 

The gospel is God's process of saving men ; that it will be needful to man, not only 
in this world, but also in all future worlds. It is the power by which God transforms 
him from one measure of divinity to another, even from ^lory to glory. Whatever 
wisdom, power, glory, and dominion, and blessing, exist in heaven, or even in the 
heaven of heavens, either in worlds that now are, or in worlds that shall be, the faith- 



196 

ful Saint is a lawful heir unto, in Gods own due time and order, " for all things are 
yours." If men are not made partakers of the good Avord of God, and of the power of 
the worlds to come, "they are surely poor indeed." But th(,> true believer, who ke(ips 
the commands of God, will continue to be a partaker of supernatural power throughout 
all worlds to come. And no man ever truly received the true gospel who did not at 
the same time receive a measure of the keys of supernatural power from God. For 
the gospel is the power of God, and " therein is the righteousness of God revealed from 
faith to faith." When supernatural powers cease from off the earth, then the gospel 
ceases. When supernatural wisdom ceases, mere human wisdom and the cunning of 
the devil ensues. The world by wisdom know not God, for no man can know him 
except by revelation. 

Having briefly told what the gospel is ; let us next consider what use is to be made 
of it. It is to be preached in all the world. Consequently preachers must be called 
and appointed to do the work of preaching. These are explicitly named in the Scrip- 
tures. First, apostles ; secondarily, prophets, evangelists, &c. No man can preach 
except he is sent by God. He must be called of God, as w^as Aaron. He must also 
be endued with the gift of the Holy Ghost, by laying on hands. For, without the gift 
of the Hoiy Ghost, no man can say that Christ was sent from heaven. No man was 
ever authorised of God to preach the gospel who did not believe in immediate revela- 
tion, and miracles, and the ministry of angels, in his own day and age. It is wiiolly 
and purely an invention of men, to commission any man or set of men to preach the 
gospel, who do not believe in these things in their own day, and who are not them- 
selves, more or less, the partakers of supernatural powers through faith. None but 
men of the greatest arrogance or grossest delusion ever entered the ministry with any 
other belief. An awful curse is pronounced upon any man or angel who enters the 
ministry, without a full and cordial belief in immediate revelation, and miracles, and 
the ministry of angels, in his own day and age. A man that has any other beiief, has 
not the doctrine of God, and is a stranger to God, and the wrath of God abideth on 
him. No example can be found throughout the whole bible, where an approved 
minister of God, ever had an opposite belief. Any other ministry is an organized re- 
bellion against the order and government of heaven, and will speedily be overthrown 
by the power of God . When men enter the true church, they form an intimate con- 
nexion with the general assembly of Saints in heaven and upon earth, and also with 
angels, and with Christ the mediator, and God the judge of all. And all the powers 
of this vast and august assembly are available through faith in their time and order. 
Being qualified, the preachers are to go forth and proclaim the good news of immediate 
revelation, miracles, and the ministry of angels, &c., as aforetime, calling on all men 
as a consequence to repent and be baptised for remission of sins, in order that they 
may receive the promised gift of the Holy Ghost, and partake of the word of God for 
themselves, and the powers of the world to come. The burden of the last angelic 
message to the nations of the last days, being " to fear God and give glory to him for 
the hour of his judgement is come." THIS GOSPEL which is the powder of God unto 
salvation to them that believe, is also the power of God and wrath of God to the 
destruction of them that believe not. It is a savour of life or of death. It is good 
news to the upright, and matter of wailing and misery to the incorrigibly wicked. It 
must be preached in all the world, for a witness to all nations. The world is now 
put on trial, in all its parts, as fast as the gospel can be preached to it. The witnesses 
are the gospel. The decision of the judge will be according to the testimony of the 
gospel. The preachers are to notify the world of this truth, viz., that they will be 
judged according to this gospel of immediate revelation, miracles, and the ministry of 
Angels, &c., in their own day and age. There are three things that all men are to 
sub'scribe to, in order to obey the gospel. Without these three things in their favour, 
they will be condemned to wrath and banishment frcm the presence of God. The 
spirit, the water, and the blood, must witness in their favor, or there is no salvation. 
The blood of Christ is the basis of the everlasting covenant, without which, neither the 
water nor spirit would ever have been offered to mankind for their salvation. This is 
the groundwork and platform of salvation. He that counteth the blood of the cove- 
nant an unholy thing, will receive no benefit from the water or the .spirit, but is a lit 
subject for the burning. If any man refuse the water in baptism, he never can put on 
Christ, nor wash away his sins. Neither can he be partaker of the Holy Ghost, which 
is the light and power of God to the soul. Many devout persons have been damned 



197 

for rejecting water baptism ; because tlie mouth of the Lord has said, "That except a 
man be Iwrn of the water, he cannot enter the kingdom of God." The Lord will not 
lie. The want of a small key, often fills the minds of rogues and thieves with chagrin 
and anger sufficient to break locks and doors, if it were in their power ; but all in vain. 
Jesus came by water, and if men cannot come in like manner as he did, they cannot 
come at all. They might as well face a phalanx of fifty-six pounders for countless 
ages in succession, as to think of entering the kingdom in any other way, than by water. 
See how restless pride rages in the bosoms of fools that will not submit to the righte- 
ousness of God, and be born of the water ! The next thing that all men must have in 
their favour, is the spirit of God — the Holy Ghost. Without this you are none of 
Christ's. If the reader has got any Holy Ghost without being first born of the water, 
or if he has got a Holy Ghost that is not supernatural, and that does not derive intel- 
ligence from Christ in visions, dreams, and prophesyings, or in wisdom and power that 
is more than human, or that does not teach him things to come, and even the deep 
things of God — if he has got any other Holy Ghost, he had better give it up forthwith ; 
because it is no less than a lying spirit that will deceive him, and lead hira down to 
hell, even, as an ox to the slaughter. Beware of it ! Say nothing about Cornelius's 
receiving the Holy Ghost so wonderfully, together with the special ministry of an 
angel, unless you have received the same. If you have been born of the water and the 
spirit, then the spirit of God will bear witness in such a manner, that you will have 
no doubt of your adoption. The kingdom into which you are now born, and of which 
you are a legal member and fellow citizen, has certain marks or " signs" that are so 
palpable and easily known, that you might as well doubt the existence of the sun and 
moon, as to doubt the marks of the kingdom of which you are a member. God has 
said that certain signs shall follow them that believe, &c. Where these signs do not 
follow, there, you may know assuredly that the kingdom of God does not exist. If 
these miraculous signs are not to be found on the earth : then, the kingdom of God is 
not to be found on the earth. 

But these miraculous signs are now to be found on the earth. But says the reader 
show them to me, and I will believe and acknowledge that the kingdom is set up. I 
say then in reply ; obey the gospel, and you shall both see, and hear, and know for 
yourself that the kingdom of God is in your midst, in very deed, in signs, wonders, 
and mighty deeds that cannot be denied. But says the reader, I cannot get faith to 
obey Smith's gospel lest I should be deceived, and become an object of pity and ridi- 
cule to all respectable people. 

Hearken ! incline your ear, and listen a moment ! Smith's gospel is nothing more 
or less than Paul's gospel. They are both a part of that everlasting gospel, that will 
be in use throughout all worlds. The common basis of both these systems, is imme- 
diate revelation, which will be needed while human beings are at all destitute 
of the attributes which clothe the all-wise God. Now if you cannot get faith to obey 
this gospel without first seeing some palpable miracle, then, you are an unjust and 
wicked person. For it is written, that the " just shall live by faith." Wicked and 
adulterous men have always asked for a " sign." " Let us have sight of one miracle,' ' 
say they. The very demand of a miracle is the grossest insult to God. It questions 
the veracity of Jehovah with a bold and impudent front. God says, that miraculous 
signs " shall follow them that believe." But the vile hypocrite and shameless rebel 
dispute his word, and say ; prove it ! Oh, horrible ! " He that believeth not shall be 
damned." Hear it ; oh, hear it ! Faith comes by hearing, not by seeing. Here is 
the struggle. On the issue of your faith, comes life or death. Faith gives you the 
victory, on the banner of which is perched the sparkling crown of eternal life. But 
vile unbelief is followed with shame and everlasting contempt. Now, if you resist 
this plan of salvation by faith in the supernatural power of God in your own day and 
age, you resist the Holy Ghost also, in so doing. Because, the Holy Ghost is the great 
\vitness that always attends the true gospel, convincing of sin, of righteousness, and 
judgment. This witness, though unobserved, is true and faithful, and makes honest 
men believe ; and wicked men tremble with fear and rage. This is the standing wit- 
ness on earth and recorded in heaven. 

It is utterly impossible for an honest man carefully to hear this gospel preached by 
a servant of God, without having good evidence that it is in very deed, the true gospel 
of Christ. The Holy Ghost never neglects exerting his convincing power upon the 
minds of dilligent, honest hearers. 



198 

All nations must have the testimony of the gospel before the end will come. Great 
changes and revolutions may be anticiijated before all nations can be expected to have 
a satisfactory offer of the gospel. 

When thrones have been sufficiently cast down, and all other stumbling blocks 
removed that have hindered the gospel from being preached in all the world, then the 
gospel will speedily be preached to all nations, after which the end will come. The 
end will come ! Awful period ! a time of trouble such as never was known before, or 
ever shall be again upon the earth. When the righteous have been abstracted from 
the nations of the earth and gathered to Zion, all impediments to crime and error 
will cease to exist. The sluice-ways of corruption and violence will be thrown open, 
and the infuriated passions of all flesh will rage in terror and wild consternation. The 
catastrophe of earth's rebellion against God and prophets will be consummated in a 
manner never to be forgotten, worlds without end. The tragic scene of nation rising 
against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and cities against cities, and towns 
against towns, and man against his fellow iXian, and woman against her sex, and 
child against child, will be a spectacle of penal terror and discipline not equalled by 
the universal deluge. The concomitants of plague, fire and famine, with the bellow- 
ing roar and blaze of falling planets, so often foretold and as often forgotten, will 
finish the victory of the prince of lifei amidst the flourish of trumpets and the loud 
shoutings of the just, and frightful wailings of the lost. 

Yes, then shall the end come ! The reality shall come at last. The taunts of the 
sceptic — Where is the promise of his coming? They will never be heard any more! 
But, alas ; the woful state of that generation on whom the end shall come ! Have 
you ever seen a vessel at sea freighted with hopeful passengers ; a raging fire sud- 
denly bursts forth in every part of that lonely ship that mocks all eflForts at resistance. 
There is no retreat ! The thoughts of friends, possessions, country, and life ! — The ap- 
palling induction to an untried eternity all rush with tempestuous power upon their 
minds ! Thus when the holy messengers of the nations return to Zion, bind up the 
law, and seal up their testimony that the nations are henceforth irreclaimable. Oh ! 
what wild consternation and unquenchable anguish will pervade all ranks and grades 
of society. All that is withdrawn ! The dark pall of death shrouds the universal 
footstool. Oh ! that dark hour when the sun and moon cease their light, and falling 
stars only light up the gloom that hovers over trembling nations ! The heavens shake! 
The sign of the Son of Man at length dispels the darkness ! A flourish of trumpets 
from angels announces the near approach of the Son of Man ! Awful moment to un- 
believing sign-seekers ! Hush, oh earth, oh, earth ! Hush your wailings and look 
up ! See in yonder heavens Him in whom you would not believe ! Every eye shall 
see him ! You have often wanted trutji demonstrated by miracles, in order to make 
you believe, but now you shall see the Prince of Miracles ; but not as a friend : for 
all the kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him ! Oh ! what wailings will 
rend the air in that day ! Frowns on his countenance lower ! But a few upright 
souls are still scattered here and there among the wailing nations, as apples on the 
outmost boughs. To such the angels wing their way from one end of heaven to the 
other before the fatal blow makes an end of earth's wickedness. Oh ! man, you and I 
shall see that scene either among the victors or vanquished ! It is nigh at hand : even 
at your doors ! Awake, repent, and be baptized for the remission of your sins without 
delay, or your destruction will not slumber. 

Self-called ministers — chosen of men, but disallowed of God ! — cease to preach for 
hire and divine for money ! Cease from your eloquent harangues in order to be seen 
and heard of men, while the knowledge of the true God never entered your hearts ! 
You have exerted the counsel of God against yourselves, not being baptised for remis- 
sion of sins by one "called of God as was Aaron." Though praised by men for your 
learning, eloquence, or zeal, God commands you to repent. Publicans and harlots 
will enter the kingdom of God before you, because your sins are greater than theirs ; 
and you handle the word of God deceitfully, and make much of his word of none 
effect by your traditions ; and you teach the fear of God by the precepts of man, 
denying the power of God. Repent ; cease your slanders against the true servants of 
God, else your portion will be cast with hypocrites and unbelievers ; and the condition 
of the worshippers of Gaudamah will W far more tolerable than yours. 



199 
ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. 



WHERE SHALL I BURY MY DEAD? 

To the Editor of the "Sydney Moraing Herald." 

Sir, - In presenting the above question to you and the public, I shall give a state- 
ment of facts in connexion with my residence in this colony, having a reference to 
the above important question. 

On the 18th of January, 1841, I arrived in this harbour; on the 31st my first 
born, Jacob Richard, aged seven years, died suddenly in the immigration tents. An 
order was given to bury him in the Presbyterian ground How tliis was done, I 
cannot tell ; I had never represented myself as a Presbyterian. My declaration be- 
fore the Commissioners in England and at this place was, that 1 belonged to the 
»* Welsh Calvinistic Methodists," except it was that the person having the charge of 
the immigrants at that time gave such an order, believing Presbyterianism to be the 
nearest to the denomination to which I professed to belong. 

A Mr. Morgan, then residing in Parraraatta-street, officiated on the above 
occasion. 

On the 22nd of September, 1849, my son Jacob Richard, the second, aged fourteen 
months, died, and on the 24th, I applied to the Rev. Dr. Fullerton for an order to 
open a grave for my deceased child. Dr. F. enquired whether I was a Presbyterian : 
my answer was that I was brought up amongst the " Welsh Calvinistic Methodists," 
but that I had a son already buried in the Presbyterian ground. He (the Dr ) then 
remarked that my having one already buried there, he could not refuse me, but that 
it had been determined that no new orders should be given except to Presbyterians. 
He gave me the order and officiated on that occasion. 

On the 4th instant, my daughter Ellen, aged sixteen months and a half, departed 
this life. In the hour of affliction a friend (Mr. R. Evans) offered his services to 
attend to the necessary arrangements for interment. Amid other requisites he had to 
call on the Rev. Dr. Fullerton for an order to open the grave. He was asked by the 
Dr. was 1 Presbyterian ? Mr. Evans answered, that I belonged to the Church of 
Jesus Christ. The Dr. remarked, "the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints," 
and was answered, " yes, that's it. He (the Dr.) then said, " I cannot give an order." 
The Dr. was then told that my only desire for receiving such an order was, that I had 
two children already buried there. He then answered, " I will not give an order." 
and politely invited my friend to withdraw, by opening the door for him. 

Now as I, in common with all my brethren, believe that all the sons of Adam are 
mortal, and that none can escape the penalty of his transgression, and also not know- 
ing what a day may bring forth, I think that it is an important question to us and the 
public — Where shall we bury our dead ? 

As to my own right, I will observe that having resided nearly fourteen years in 
the colony, I have indirectly contributed my quota to the public revenue, a portion of 
which is applied to denominational support, the Presbyterians receiving their share, 
and my first interment having been made through the order of an agent authorised 
by the Government to act in such cases ; and my second, having taken place through 
the order of a duly qualified Presbyterian Minister, who also officiated on the occasion, 
that, therefore, I had a positive right to bury my daughter Ellen in the Presbyterian 
ground, and that an act of injustice has been done me by the refusal 

I will add one remark more, and that is, that although this refusal has prevented 
the dust of my children from mingling together, it is a source of consolation that it 
cannot prevent their spirits from uniting, for they were all such, relative to whom the 
Saviour said, " Of such is the Kingdom of Heaven." 

By the insertion of the above, you will oblige an afflicted and distressed father. 

JOHN JONES. 

Chippendale, December 7, 1854. 

(This letter was inserted in the "Herald " and Empire " on the 9th inst.) 



200 

INTELLIGENCE FROM NEW ZEALAND. 

A letter has been received from President A. Farnham, dated Wellington, 
Nov. 19th. He was in good health; a place for preaching had been estab- 
lished at Aukland. They had visited Nelson, and obtained the promise of 
a school room to preach in, but when the time came, they, (Elders Farnham 
and Cooke,) found the door closed against them. They preached out of doors to 
a good and attentive audience, many of whom purchased books, and expressed 
a great desire that they should visit them again, they arrived in Wellington 
on the evening of the 18th, and are in hopes of soon obtaining a place to 
preach in. * President F. may be expected in Sydney about the close of the 
present month. 



AN ADDRESS TO THE ABORIGINALS OF NEW ZEALAND, 



Awake ye sons of Mauri — 
Your day is drawing nigh, 

For there is now amongst you 
Servants of the Most High. 

Bearing true light and knowledge 
In simple strains of love, 

Fill'd with the Holy Spirit 
Received from above. 

Their message is the Gospel 

Restor'd again to earth, 
The power of salvation 

Thi'o' laws of second birth. 

Faith, repentance, and baptism 
For remission of your sins 

And the Holy spirit giv'n 
By laying on of hands. 

Are blessings they will minister 
In the name of Israel's God, 

With power and authority 
Received from the Lord. 

Thro' the Holy Priesthood after 

The order of God's Son 
In these last days restored 

Unto His chosen one. 

Making known His covenants to 

Saints in ancient days 
Who sought His favoured blessings 

With supplicating prayers. 

That they might each inherit 
The offspring of their loins, 

And be united to them in 
Ever enduring ties. 

To Abram, Isaac was given — 
On each the promise rests. 

But with a greater promise 
The Patriarch Jacob's blessed. 

That through Judah's favoured linage 

The Shiloh King should come : 
To Joseph's tribe is given 
To gather Israel home. 
SYDNDY 



From every tongue and people 
Wherever they have gone forth 

Unto their lands of promise 
Confirmed by an Oath. 

The Islands must yield the seed 

Of Abram' s faithful one. 
The North give up its portion— 

The outcast gather home. 

And each receive their blessings 
From Ephraim's favoured hands. 

Whose horns are as Unicorns 
To push them to earth's ends. 

That being redeemed in Zion 

They may indeed rejoice 
Possessing an inheritance 

In the land that's most choice. 

And Judah too shall gather, 

Jerusalem build once more, 
And there His laws establish 

Just as they were before. 

When Gentiles will assemble 

His Glory to destroy. 
But he will be delivered 

Through Christ the Lord on high. 

Who with all His Saints will come 

The ungodly to dostroy. 
And 'stablish peace and righteousness 

And fill the earth with joy. 

When Israel shall one nation be. 

And that for ever more, 
Christ their King shall reign o'er them 

And all nations Him adore. 

Then hear ye sons of Mauri 
The message which they bear, 

Attend unto their counsel 
And Israel's blessings share. 

That you may be exhalted 

In high and holy spheres, 
Crown'd with celestial glory 

Throughout all eternities. 

^ JOHN JONES, 



Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Published by A. Farnham, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

Cfiurcft of m&n^ €bviit ot ^mtvMnn ^aint£(, 

IN SYDNEY. 



" HE THAT READETH LET HIM UNDERSTAND." 

Nos. 26-27. MONDAY, JANUARY, 15, 1855. Vol. I. 

QUARTERLY CONFERENCE OF THE AUSTRALASIAN 
MISSION OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF 
LATTER-DAY SAINTS, HELD AT THE OLD ASSEMBLY 
ROOMS, KING STREET, SYDNEY, JANUARY, 7th, 1855. 



PRESENT : — 

Augustus Farnham, President, and Josiah W. Fleming, First 
Counsellor. 

TRAVELLING ELDERS : — 

James Graham, John S. Eldridge, John McCarthy. 

SYDNEY BRANCH : — 

John Jones, President, William Robb, and Robert Evans, Coun- 
sellors. , 

The meeting was opened by singing the 121st Hymn, "Sweet is 
the work my God my King," &c. 

Prayer by Elder James Graham. 

Sung the 126th Hymn, " Except the Lord conduct the plan," &c. 

The meeting was called to order by President Jones. 

Elder Augustus Farnham was appointed President of the Con- 
ference, and Elder J. Jones, Clerk. 
Resolved — 

1st. That we receive and sustain Elder A. Farnham as President 
of the Australasian Mission, and Elders J. W. Fleming and B. Frost 
as his Counsellors. 

2nd. That we receive and sustain Elder J. Jones as President of 
the Sydney Branch, and W.Robb and R. Kvans as his Counsellors. ^ 

3rd. That we receive and sustain Brigham Young as the Presi- 
dent of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints in Zion, and 
throughout the world, and as their Prophet, Seer, and Revelator, and 
as their Leader in Israel; also Heber C. Kimbal and Jedidiah M. 
Grant as his Counsellors, 

4th That we receive and sustain the Twelve Apostles and all 



202 

other Authorities of the Church in Zion, and throughout the world. 

The President then called for the Reports— Elder J. W. Fleming 
presented the report of the Adelaide Conference, received by letter 
from Klder A. P. Dowdle. A Conference was held on the 3rd of 
December last, from the reports of which it appears that there has 
been added to the Church by ba[)tism 13, by certificate 4; total num- 
ber of members in that Conference 70. Prospects are cheering. It 
makes the hearts of the Saints as well as the i^lders to rejoice at the 
progress of the work of the Lord. 

He next presented the Report of the Victoria Conference, received 
by letter from 1^ Ider B. Frost ; there had been 3 baptised and 4 re- 
ceived by certificate ; total number of meinbers 60. The I Mers are 
faithful, but the excitement that has prevailed at the Diggings, and 
the opening of new places, and the scarcity of labourers, has caused 
that there has not been more baptised. Elders Frost and Owens are 
labouring at Launceston, V. D. ; prospects of the work are good in 
that place ; many arc enquiring, the expectaion is that a good work 
will be done there. 

i^-lder James Graham said that since last Conference I have been 
labouring a part of the time at the Illawarra District with I Ider 
McCarthy ; there were 5 baptised before last Conference, and there 
has been 7 added since. I laboured with diligence, — tried to do all 
the good I could, and preached to those that w ould hear. Many that 
seemed to be believing became darkened and turned to be as great 
enemies as they could. In consequence of this feeling, and it being 
harvest time, it was thought wisdom that I should leave, so I left 
Wollongong and came to Sydney, since which I have been labouring 
in the neighbourhood of Camden ; have preached the Gospel to some 
who have never heard it before. I have done the best I could ac- 
cording to the strength God has given me. 

Elder John S. Eldridge said. Brethren, I am happy to present my- 
self before you — I rejoice in the work of God in which we are en- 
gaged, having been called upon for a report for the last three months. 
After last Conference I started out in company with Elder Fleming 
on the South Western Section. We visited Windsor, Penrith, Cam- 
den, where we baptised two. Having received permission I came 
into Sydney. After a few days I returned and baptised two at Emu 
Plains, near Richmond : my labours have been in that section, and I 
returned via Kissing Point, striving to do the will of God, and teach- 
ing the things of His Kingdom. In leaving I told them that I did 
not know whether I should return or not ; they were very desirous 
that they should not be left alone ; the work is progressing, and I 
believe that there will be a good work done in that section. 

Elder John McCarthy — since last Conference I may say that I 
have been labouring in two fields of labour; the one as has been 



203 

jiiluded to was rit Iliawarra, where I baptised 7 ; linding the field too 
small I came down to Sydney, from whence I proceeded to the North 
Shore, and from thence to Brisbane Water, travelling by the sea 
coast. At Gosford 1 called on a Roman Catholic Priest, I told him 
that I was a Minister of Truth, and asked him for something- to eat, 
and for lodging ; he said that he had not room to acconaiiodate me, 
but he took me to the principal hotel, where I was boarded and 
lodged. I obtained a place to preach in — published a meeting — he 
(the R. C. Priest) attended, after meeting he spoke a few words 
iiaying, that he was the person that I came to for assistance, but that 
he did not think that I was going to stop there among his peo])le. 
He withdrew his support from me, when the Host said that he be- 
lieved that I had brought the truth, and that I should be welcome 
to his parlour and my board as long as I stopped. Many are enquir- 
ing—truth is flourishing. 

President Farnham said, since last Conference I visited the N. W. 
Section, and baptised 6 in East Maitland. I took a Mission to New 
Zealand ; Elder William Cook accompanying me. It has been a 
very interesting although a very laborious mission. It is the labour 
that makes the work interesting. I left this place and went among 
strangers, not knowing the first individual. We arrived at A uck- 
land on the 27th October, 1854. We found the houses of accommo- 
dation in that city full in consequence of an influx of imigrants ; we 
had therefore to hire unfurnished appartments After having visited 
the respective ministers we gave notice by advertisement of our 
meeting, to be held at the Venetian Cottage, (or late residence of 
General Pitt) ; our meetings were very well attended ; a very good 
impression was made, as much as could have been expected. There 
seemed to be much inquiry — many purchasing our books. The 
above place has been secured until M ay. After holding several 
meetings in that city we proceeded to Onehunga, intending to hold 
meetings, but we were not permitted in consequence of the departure 
ot the steamer for Wellington, intendins^ to call at New Plymouth, 
but in consequence of the roughness of the weather we could not get 
in, we proceeded on to Nelson ; being delayed there we made ar- 
rangements to hold meeting, having obtained permission to use the 
public School House, about 5 o'clock on the day appointed we went 
to the School House tor the purpose of lighting up for the meeting, 
we found the door closed, and were told that we should not have it : 
the people having began to assemble, we improved the opportunity 
by preaching out of doors, ihe congregation was very numerous and 
very attentive ; at the close of the meeting I stated that wo, had a 
few books if any wished for them, we had not half enough to supply 
them the demand was so great. 

When we applied for the above place we were told by Mr. Camp- 



204 

bell, and Mr. Stanton, Trustees of the School House, thai all who 
preached from King James' translation of the Bible, had liberty to 
preach therein, but on the day of meeting, a meeting of the Trustees 
had been called, (who with the exception of Messrs. Campbell and 
Stanton, who throughout the w^hole, behaved tow^ards us as gentlemen,) 
determined as the ;V[ormonites '^ did not come wdthin the limits of 
the By-law of 1852, as a Christian Denomination, that therefore they 
could not have the use of the room. This resolution was disap- 
proved of by the generality of the inhabitants, and after we had left 
another meeting was called in which it was carried : — that as the 
Mormons were not allowed to preach in the School House, no other 
denomination should. 

After our out-door meeting the people were very anxious to hear 
more from us, and Mr. Ross having offered us the use of a very large 
Room, we gave notice of another meeting, but were obliged to leave 
the appointment unfulfilled, in consequence of the departure of the 
steamer for Wellington. 

Having arrived at Wellington, here we applied for the use of the 
Institute and were refused by a vote of the committee. VVe then 
hired the assembly rooms by the advice of one of the said committee. 
Our meetings were well attended, good order and attention ; many 
purchased books. We also held meetings at Karoi, about 4 miles 
from Wellington, our meetings here also were well attended, much 
inquiry, many being interested in the work. There were calls from 
many places for preaching. I left that place leaving Elder Wm. 
Cooke in charge. 

On my return to Sydney I had another opportunity of giving 
another Lecture, to the inhabitance of Nelson, many of whom were 
much pleased and interested in the same. Several expressed a great 
desire to leave that place, and go where the saints were, that they 
might live as Saints, and enjoy the blessing of God. 

The prospects of the work of the Lord in New Zealand is very 
good, more so than I expected, and I doubt not but that through the 
labours of Elder W. Cooke, who is a faithful servant of the Lord, 
many will be brought to a knowledge of the truth and their hearts 
made to rejoice in the New and Everlasting Covenant, and that a 
good work will be done there. 

Elder Jones said, you are aware that my labours have been prin- 
cipally in this place, 2 have been baptised in Sydney. According to 
the instructions of the President, I took a tour through the N. W. 
Section, preached every day, was much blessed, had much of the 
spirit of Lord, baptized 7. 

President F., addressed the meeting. 

Sang a Select Peice. 

" Awake, ye that slumber arise from the dust." 



205 



Conference adjourned to 3 p.m. 
Benediction by Elder Jones. 



3 p.M.-'Meeting opened by Singing 195th Hymn, " Ye Raii^om 
of the Lord." 

Prayer by Elder J. S. Eldridge. 

Elder William Baxter, was called to take a mission, according to 
the counsel of the Presidency, Elder Joseph Ridges, was called to 
go on a mission with the President to Melbourne, Adelaide, &c. 

Elders J. Graham, and J. McCarthy, were appointed on a mission 
from llawkesbury, to Brisbane Waters. 

The President addressed the Saint, on the subject of gathering. 

Sacrament administered by 1 Ider Jones. 

Meeting addressed by Elders J. W. Fleming, and J. Graham. 

Sang the 12th Hymn. 

" Ere long the veil will rend in twaln.'^ 

Adjourned till half-past seven, p.m. 

Benediction by J. W. Fleming. 



Half-past 7 p.m. 

Sang the 286tb Hymn. 

" All, hail the new born year." 

Prayer by Elder J. McCarthy. 

Sang the 278 Hymn. 

^' Wake awake, the world from sleeping." 

Elder J. Jones addressed the meeting on the Nature, Character, 
and Responsibilites of the Priesthood. 

Sang the 243rd Hymn. 

Adjourned until 8 p. m. on Monday, at 103, Parramatta Street. 

Benediction by President Farnham„ 

January 8th, Monday evening, 8 p. m. 

Prayer by Elder Fleming. 

The President addressed the Brethren, giving much important in- 
struction and counsel to the Travelling Elders and the brethren in 
general ; he was followed by Elders Fleming and Jones. 

During this Conference the hearts of the Servants of the Lord and 
His Saints have been made to rejoice- The prospect of future opera- 
tions are cheering. Calls are made from many places for preaching, 
but the labourers are so few that they cannot be supplied. Here 
indeed it maybe truly said the '•'• harvest is great and the labourers" 
are few. 

A FARHNAM, 

President. 
JOHN JONES, Clerk. 



206 
E EM ARKS ON THE STANDARD OF DIVINE TRl TH. 

BY THE LATE REV. A. CARSON, L.L.D. 

Before any important advances can be made in any science the foundations 
of it must be ascertained and accurately discerned by tliose eiiiployed in 
rearing tlie superstructure. Whatever rests on any other grounds., though it 
may add to the apparent size of the buikling, diminishes its strength and 
beauty. For more than two thousand years, the inquiries of pliiJosophers 
concerning the works of God, were carried on by hypotlieses invented by 
ingenious men, for explaining the phenomena of nature, and during all that 
time, few real discoveries were made with respect either to matter or mind. 
Lord Bacon was the first who clearly pointed out the proper method of phil- 
osophising ; Sir Isaac Newton on Natural Philosophy, and Doctor Reid on 
the Science of the Mind, were the first to put it in practice. In both of 
these departments of knowledge, one theory succeeded another till the time 
of these illustrious philosophers ; but since that period, their respective 
sciences rest upon a foundation from which they can never be moved. And 
what has produced this remarkable difference between their systems, and 
those of all preceding philosophers ? It is solely to the standard of truth 
which they ascertained, and to which in all their inquiries they appealed. 
Had he invented a theory, and proceeded by, conjecture, Newton, vvith all 
his vast abilities, would have reared only a temporary fabric, to be blown 
away by the next innovator. Tlie philosophy of Aristotle reigned in the 
schools without a rival, till the time of Des Cartes. That great man com- 
pletely overturned the theories of the Stagyrite, but instead of building on 
more stable ground, he set himself to invent a theory of his ow n. By the 
contrivance of an immense whirlpool of subtile matter, he carried round the 
heavenly bodies in their evolutions, like straws and chaff in a tub of water, 
and this wild conjecture satisfied a great part of the learned of Europe for a 
considerable time, and with many, prevented the reception, even of the dis- 
coveries of Newton, for half a century. Despising vain conjectures, and 
being guided in his experiments and observations by those self-evident rules 
of philosophising which he had laid down, Newton ascertained those laws of 
nature that must for ever give satisfaction to the mind of man. 

The revolution effected by Doctor Reid in the philosophy of the mind, is 
not less wonderful than that effected by Sir Isaac New^ton, in that of matter. 
By taking for granted principles that are false, and rejecting the authority of 
others that are self-evident, philosophy, till his time, had established the 
most monstrous and incredible absurdities. The principles adopted by 
philosophers had rejected the testimony of the senses, and left no evidence 
even that there is an external world. By the most conclusive reasoning 
from these principles, Berkeley had proved tliat there is no matter in the 
universe, and with equal validity Hume advanced a step farther, and boldly 
annihilated both matter and mind. According to this great philosopher, 
there is neither matter nor mind, neither God nor devil, nor angel nor spirit, 
nothing in the universe but impressions and ideas. And all these monstrous 
absurdities flowed regularly from the principles acknowledged by all phil- 
osophers till the time of Doctor Reid. And how did Reid restore us the 
world from the united grasp of all the wise men of the world ? By settling 
the standard of philosophical truth, by vindicating the authority of the testi- 



207 

mony of our senses, and rejecting tiuit of the figments of philosophers. In 
ascertaining the powers and faculties of the human mind, he admitted no 
appeal but to the mind itself by observation and experiment ; and every 
fair result of sucli an appeal he received with avidity, however opposite to 
the established sentiments of philosophers. By this process he has done 
more to ascertain the principles of the human constitution, than ail the phil- 
osophers who preceded him ; and it is only by following in his track, that 
this science can be perfected. 

It would not be without interest for a Christian to read the observations 
of this philosopher on hypotheses, as almost without exception tliey apply 
to the tlieories of men with respect to the contents of the Scriptures. If 
hypotheses have led men to misinterpret the works of God, liypotheses have 
led them to misinterpret his word. The analogy is singularly striking. 

And if human conjecture has ever failed with respect to the works of 
creation, shall it succeed with respect to the depths of the divine counsels in 
the redemption of sinners ? Vain theologians, will ye not learn from tliis, 
that the way to discover the mind of God, is not to form hypotlieses, but to 
examine the Scriptures ? What is it produces your infinite diversities ? 
How is it ye deduce from Scripture your innumerable errors ? Ye form 
theories, and then wrest the Scriptures to agree with these. With the arro- 
gance of Satan, ye determine, by your own views, what must be the divine 
conduct and plans, and with Satanic ingenuity and effrontery, ye torture his 
word to speak your sentiments. While in words ye acknowledge the Scrip- 
tures to be a standard, ye take the liberty of erecting a standard of para- 
mount authority in your own understandings, and of interpreting the oracles 
of God, by the delusions of your own fancies. Though ye call the Scrip- 
tures a standard, ye do not allow them to be the sole standard of divine 
truth. Some things, ye say, God has left to be planned by the wisdom of 
man. How, then, can ye escape error ? Hovv^ can ye agree with each 
other ? Christians, have ye no errors ? have ye no differences ? Believe 
it, they are mostly owing to the same cause. Strange as on first view it 
may appear. Christians do not all agree in the source of religious sentiments. 
Do not some, even till this moment, contend that some things are left to 
human institution? What common principle have we then to reason with 
such ? With them the Scriptures are not the sole standard. Others by dis- 
tinctions and difference of times, and various inventions, have considerably 
abridged this standard, so that almost the half of its testimony is not heard 
in evidence, but rejected as irrelevant. The testimony of the Holy Spirit is 
treated like that of an old honest, but doating man, who speaks now and 
then to the purpose, T^ut is perpetually subject to mental wanderings. Even 
among those who acknowledge the Scriptures as the solp standard, I find 
there are few controvertists, who steadily and uniformly act up to their 
avowed principles. When the interest of a favourite dogma is at stake, 
every artifice is employed to make the witness prevaricate. W^ith all their 
deference for the authority of the divine word, how do they grapple with it 
when it seems to enjoin any disagreeable practice ! Christians, in ascer- 
taining the mind of God, let us banish all the prejudices and prepossessions 
of our own minds. Let us listen to the scriptures as the rule, as the perfect 
standard. Let nothing be received, because it commends itself to our 
wisdom ; let nothing l)e rt^ected for want of this sanction. Let us remera- 



208 
her that, in all things, the wisdom of God is not like the wisdom of man. 



The above extract needs no words of ours to commend it to every honest 
enquirer after truth ; it is a clear and forcible exposition of the cause of the 
errors and divisions that prevail in modern Christendom. Had they attended 
to the well attested facts, or the observations and experience of those whose 
testimony in reference to these matters are held to be of Supreme Authority, 
the world would not have been distracted, with the vain conjectures of 
Divines ; in that testimony (viz., the Bible) they w-ould have found that 
the conditions of admittance into the Church or Kingdom of God, are faith, 
repentance, baptism, for the remission of sins and the reception of the Holy 
Ghost, or birth of the spirit by laying on of hands, also that the organization 
which had been established for the rule government, and perfection of the 
Saints in wisdom, knowledge, and understanding, was Apostles and Prophets 
&c., from attention to these facts, they might have perceived that the source 
of all correct knowledge in religion w^as revelation. Here they would have 
discovered the axiom of the wise man, that * ' were there is no vision the 
people perish."" This knowledge would have taught them to seek for reve- 
lation, to acknowledge the organization and practice the ordinances that are 
so well attested in the Scriptures. Thus they would have had a practical 
religion, founded on fact, subject to observation according to given laws, and 
not the chimerical phantom, founded on the vain and conflicting hypotheses 
of men, that they have mis-called religion. — Ed. 



THE OPINION OF THE REFORMERS ON THE LAW OF 
MARRIAGE. 

The whole protestant community admit that the Church apostatized, 
but contend that it was restored to its pristine beauty and order by 
the Fathers of the Reformation in the Sixteenth century. Deeming 
it important that the pretended lovers of the fathers of the Reforma- 
tion should know what their (the Fathers') opinions on the Law of 
Marriage were. That if it is at all possible to bring them to a con- 
sistent line of conduct they may be prevented from fighting against 
and condemning those Fathers as they do Fathers Abraham, Isaac, 
and Jacob, and all the ancient worthies. We therefore present our 
readers with the following fact in reference to this important matter. 

Phillip, Landgrave of Hesse, one of the principal Lords and Princes of 
Germany, wrote to the great Reformer, Martin Luther, and to the principal 
heads of the Protestant Reformation, desiring the privilege of a second wife. 
Many arguments were used by Phillip, showing that the practice was in ac- 
cordance with the Bible, and not prohibited under Christian dispensation. 
Luther met in Council with the principal Divines to consult upon the pro- 
priety of granting the request of the Landgrave. After thorough investigation 
of the subject they granted his request in a lengthy letter from which I will 
here give you an extract. The letter commences as follows : 

"To the most Serene Prince and Lord Phillip, Landgrave of Hesse, Zen- 



209 

lembogon, of Diets of Ziegenhain and Nedda, our gracious Lord, we wish, 
above all things the grace of God through Christ Jesus." 

"1st, We have been informed by Bucer, and in the instruction your 
Highness gave him, have read the trouble of mind and uneasiness of con- 
science your Highness is under at this present ; and although it seamed to 
us very difficult so speedily to answer the doubts proposed ; nevertheless 
we should not permit the said Bucer, who was urgent for his return to your 
Highness, to go away without an answer in writing. 

2d. If your Highness is resolved to marry a second wife, we judge it ought 
to be done secretly, that is that none but the person you shall wed, and a 
few trusty persons, know the matter, and they, too, under the seal of con- 
fession. Hence no contridiction nor scandal of moment need be appre- 
hended ; for it is no extraordinary thing for Princes to keep Concubines • 
and though the vulgar should be scandalized thereat, the more intelligent 
would doubt of the truth, and prudent persons would approve of this mode- 
rate kind of life, i^referable to adultery and other brutal actions. There is 
no need of being concerned for what men say provided all goes right with 
conscience. So far do we approve of it, and in these circumstances only by 
us specified, for the gospel hath neither recalled nor forbid what was per- 
mitted in the law of Moses with respect to marriage. 

"Your Highness hath, therefore, in this writing not only the approbation 
of us all, in case of necessity, concerning what you desire, but also the 
reflections we have made thereupon. We beseech you to weigh them as 
becometh a wise, virtuous, and Christian Prince. We also beg of God to 
direct all for his glory and your Highness' salvation. May God preserve 
your Highness. We are most ready to serve your Highness. 

" Given at Wittemberg, the Wednesday after the fast of Saint Nicholas 
Your Highness's most humble and most obedient subjects and servants. 
Martin Luther Adam 

Phillip Melancthon John Levengue 

Martin Bucer Justus Wartfute 

Anthony Corvin Denis Melanther" 

This letter was in Melancthon's own hand writing, attested to by George 
Nuspicher, Notary Imperial, and has been taken from the 1st vol. of a 
work entitled "History of the Variations of the Protestant Churches," by 
James Benign Bossuet. 

The marriage contract of Phillip with Margaret de Saal his second wife, 
was attested to by Balthasar Rand, of Feeld, Notary Public Imperial. 



MILTON ON POLYGAMY. 



(The First Book on Christian Doctrine. J 

In the definition which I have given of marriage, I have not said, in com- 
pliance with the common opinion, of one man with one woman, lest I should 
by implication charge the holy patriarchs and pillars of our faith, Abraham, 
and the others who had more than one wife at the same time, with habitual 



210 

fornication and adultery ; and lest I should be forced to exclude from the 
s?.nctiiary of God as spurious, the holy offspring which sprang from them, 
yea, the whole of the sons of Israel, for whom the sanctuary itself was made. 
For it is said, Deut. xxiii. 2, '' a bastard shall not (alter into the congrega- 
tion of Jehovah, even to his tenth generation." Either therefore polygamy 
is a true marriage^ or all children born in that state are spurious ; wl)ich 
would include the whole race of Jacob, the twelve holy tribes chosen by 
God. But as such an assertion ^^ culd be absurd in the extreme, not to say 
impious ; as it is the lieiglit of injustice, as well as an example of most dan- 
gero^AS tendency in religion^ to account as sin what is not such in reality ; it 
appears to me, that so far from the question respecting the lawfulness of 
polygamy being trivial, it is ofthe/iighest importance that it shouJdbe decided. 
Those who deny its lawfulness, attempt to prove their position from Gen. 
11. 24, " a man shall cleave unto his wife, and they shall be one flesh," com- 
pared with Matt. xxix. 5, " tliey twain shall be one flesh." A man shall 
cleave, they say, to his wife, not to his wives, and they twain, and no more, 
shall be one flesh. This is certainly ingenious ; and I therefore subjoin the 
passage in Exod. xx. 17, " thou shalt not covet thy neiglibour's house, nor 
his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass :" whence it 
would follow that no one had more than a single house, a single man-servant, 
a single maid-servant, a single ox or ass. It would be ridiculous to argue, 
that it is not said houses, but house, nor man-servants, but man-servant, not 
even neighbours, but neighbour ; as if it were not the general custom, in 
laying down commandments of this kind, to use the singular number not in 
a numerical sense, but as designating the species of the thing intended. With 
regard to the phrase, tkeg twain, and no more, shall he one flesh, it is to be 
observed, first, that the context refers to the husband and that wife only 
whom he was seeking to divorce, without intending any allusion to the num- 
ber of his wives, whether one or more. Secondly, marriage is in the nature 
of a relation ; and to one relation there can be no more th.an two parties. If 
a man has many sons, his paternal relation towards them all is manifold, but 
towards each individually is single and complete in itself; by purity of reason- 
ing, if a man has many wives, the relation which he bears to each wiii not 
be less perfect in itself, nor will the husband be less one flesh with each of 
them, than if he had only one wife. Thus it might be properly said of Abra- 
ham, with regard to Sarah and Hagar respectively, these twain were onefmh.'' 



ELDER JONES AND THE REY. DR. FULLERTON. 
In our last issue we published a copy of a letter that Elder Jones 
had addressed to the Editors of the " Herald" and " Empire" and the 
public, on the refusal of Dr. Fullerton to allow him to bmy his 
child in the Presbyterian Cemetery, on the 16th ultimo, the Dr. 
published the following reply in the above named papers : — 
"WHERE SHALL I BURY MY DEAD?" 

To the Editor of the Sydney Morning Herald. 

Sir, — In your number of Saturday last, you published a letter, in w^hich the 
writer, Mr. John Jones, says that Mr. Lvans called on the Rev. Dr. 



211 

Fullerton for an order to open the grave. lie was asked by the Dr. was I 
a Presbyterian ? Mr. Evans answered that I belonged to the Church of 
Jesus Christ. The Dr. remarked, the Church of Latter Day Saints, and 
was answered "yes, that's it." The Dr. then said, "I cannot give an 
order." In reference to this statement, I request the privilege of submitting 
a few observations. I think it would be most convenient and proper that 
there shoidd be one burial ground for persons of ail denominations. But 
you are aware that in Sydney the members of each denomination have or 
may have a separate burial place. Some denominations, I believe, charge 
for the space of land occupied by each grave : others charge both for the 
grave, and for the services of the officiating minister. In the Presbyterian 
ground, however, there is no charge for either, for this reason, many desire 
to have their friends buried in our ground. Of tins I have painful evidence, 
having officiated during the past year at one hundred and eighty seven fune- 
rals. I am bound by law to register each of these in duplicate, and to for- 
ward within one month the register to the Registrar-General. I stated to 
Mr. Evans that our burial ground is lield io trust, for the use of Presby- 
terians — that to give an order to o;jt'n a giavc for the child of Mr. Jones, 
would imply that I believed the latter to be a Presbyterian — and that as 
Mr. Evans declared he was not a Presbyterian, I could not give an order. 
Mr. Evans replied, " We were told you could not, but we resolved to prove 
it." I have in several instances given orders to persons who said that 
members of their family had been interred in our ground through inadver- 
tance ; and they have almost invariably refused to allow their own grave to 
be opened, and insisted on being permitted to take new ground. In reply 
to Mr. Jones's question, " Where shall I bury my dead ?" I answer, in the 
public cemetery. Did not the Government enclose a cemetery for the use 
of all ? Should he wish to have a place more private, he can easily buy a 
suburban allotment for his own use. Mr. Evans said he was prepared to 
pay for ground. Land purchased, could be used by him at any time ; but 
were the Government to convey land to trustees for the use of him and his 
friends, under their present designation, he might be next year unable to use 
it either with consistence or propriety. He called himself formerly a Cal- 
vinistic Methodist, he now repudiates that name, and designates himself a 
Latter-day-Saint ; and he may ere long discard this designation, for some- 
thing more novel or attractive. 

I am. Sir, yours, &c., 
Pitt-street South, December 15th. JAMES FULLERTON. 



On the 23rd a copy of the foUovving was sent to each of the daily 
journals. It was published in the '' Herald," but not in the "Empire." 
How the " Empire," with its great pretensions of sympathy with the 
oppressed, and advocacy of religious toleration, refused to publish it 
we cannol tell, except it was that the Dr. had a friend in court who 
pitied him, and thus interfered to prevent the severe castigation that 
was given him therein. 

WHERE SHALL I BURY MY DEAD ? 

To THE Editor of the "Sydney Morning Herald." 

Sir, — Under the above heading there hav^ appeared two letters in your 



212 

paper — one from Mr. Jones, on the 9th ; the other from the Rev. Dr, 
Fullerton, on the 16th instant — in each of which my name has transpired; 
and, as the doctor has made me to appear as acting a very ludicrous part in 
the affair by asking him to do that which I had reason to believe he could 
not, I deem but jnstice to myself that the circumstance as it really did tran- 
spire should be made knov,n to the public. I have, therefore, taken the 
liberty to trouble you on the subject. 

On the afternoon of the 4th instant I went to the Rev. Dr. F.'sfor an 
order to open a grave. Having been introduced into the parlour, I took a 
slip of paper out of my pocket, containing the name and age of Mr. J's 
child and said, " Sir, I have come to apply for an order to open the grave of 
Mr. Jones, who has two children buired in the Presbyterian ground." The 
doctor said, " f s he Presbyterian?" I answered, "No, sir; he belongs to 
the Church of Jesus Christ." The doctor said, "Of Latter-day Saints?" 
1 answered, "Yes, sir." The doctor then said, "I cannot give an order." 
He now went out of the parlour, and opened the hall-door, being half behind 
it, and holding the handle in his hand, and said, "Others charge a fee: some 
for the ground, others for both ground and service ; but we charge no fee. 
For this reason many seek to bury in our ground." I then said, "That was 
not the case at all; the fee, whether £5 or £10, I was prepared to pay: but 
it appeared to me to be a great absurdity to speak about a fee in any such 
cases. The reason for making the application was, that Mr. Jones had two 
children already buried there." The doctor now said, " You have been very 
candid in openly acknowledging that Mr. Jones is not a presbyterian, which 
I like very much. You may apply to the trustees ; but if they give an order 
I will not officiate." I now folded my arms, and looked him right in the 
face, and said, " Are you not the minister of this ward, and have you not 
the power to grant an order or to refuse ?" He answered, " I have." I 
added, " And you refuse ?" He answered, " I do." I then stepped on 
the threshold of the door, and said, " I was told you would not (noty you 
could not) ; but I have now solved the problem for myself." 

I do not here accuse the Doctor of wilful misrepresention ; for the words 
being uttered whilst I was passing the threshold, it is quite possible that he 
might have innocently mistaken " could" for " would." 

I will take the liberty to observe that to me the doctor's letter has made 
the case appear more aggravated. 

Mr. Jones, in his appeal to you and the public (and his statements have 
not been questioned), shows that, according to the rules that have hitherto 
regulated interments in the Presbyterian ground, he had established his 
right to a grave therein, because an order had been given him for such by 
Dr. Fullerton himself when Mr. Jones as openly disavowed himself a Pres- 
byterian as I in his behalf did on the occasion referred to. The Doctor 
then acknowledged his (Mr. Jones's) right, in virtue of the order given by 
jan agent of the Government, from whom the ground was received, and he 
further sustained that right in virtue of his involuntary contributions in sup- 
port of Tresbyterianism, through the means of indirect taxation. 

The Doctor, notwithstanding his plea about duplicate returns, acknow- 
ledges that in other instances he has looked upon such as had members of 
their family interred in the Presbyterian ground as having a right thereto ; 
and I myself am acquainted with a case in which he acknowledged such 



2Ui 

right by the acceptation of an order from Mr. W. Robb, an ekle^ in our 
Church, to open his (Mr. Robb's) grave for the child of a brother Latter- 
day Saint. He has not given any reason why he selected Mr. Jones as the 
first to refuse such right to. 

In reference to the application, I will further remark that it was not made 
for Mr. Jones personally, but for the lifeless body of a child that had come 
through his loins, into which our Fa.ther in Heaven had sent a pure spirit 
from the realms of light and love, to animate it for a few short months : the 
which spirit He had been pleased to recall before it had become impregnated 
with the vices and corruptions of this world, so that it returned to its Father 
with eternal life abiding in it, being " of the Kingdom of Heaven." So 
that whether reference be had to its past state here or its present in the 
spirit world, it is monstrously absurd to speak about its being a Presby- 
terian or any other avian, when here it had neither capacity nor opportunity to 
determine, and surely Dr. Fullerton will not contend that Heaven is torn 
asunder with the sects that distract this lower world. 

His sarcastical allusion to the general cemetary and suburban allotment 
has been sufficiently answered in your excellent leader on the subject in the 
same issue as the Doctor's communication ; and as for his railing against Mr. 
Jones for changing his opinions, I mould remind him of an example given in 
Jude, 9th verse, where it is said that Michael, when contending with the devil 
about the body of Moses, durst not bring a railing accusation against him ; 
and also the pungent rebuke of the Saviour to the Pharisees of old, when he 
said, "Let him that is without sin cast the first stone." 

I am, Sir, yours obebiently, 

ROBERT EVANS. 
Chippendale, December 22. 



This correspondence not only shows the intolerant spirit that influences 
the Dr. but also his want of truthfulness but ; in his conduct we are not dis- 
appointed, we were quite prepared for this and worse, ever since he exhib- 
ited the " John Calvin burning Servetus " feeling at the close of his Lecture 
on Mormonism, when he cried at the end of the said Jjecture, '''Have 
nothing to do with the Mormons, receive them not into your houses, burn 
their books " — the last sentence was delivered in so low atone, that it could 
not be heard, we ask again if it was not "burn the Mormons," ^ray' Dr. 
what w^s it. . . J . 

He alludes to their being no fee, &c., now if his past history is any crite- 
rion, if there had been a fee, his very consiciencious scruples would have 
been allyaed ; has he forgot the admission that he once made of having per- 
formed a certain act, condemned by the word of God, assigning as a reason 
for such, that he did not like to see the money pass him, and forsooth this 
man, has the assurance to vilify the servants of the Lord, who were never 
yet found administering any of the holy ordinances of religion for pelf. 

We would ask this hireling priest what there is in him, that is so pure and 
holy, that he could not officiate at the grave, over the tabernacle of a being 
relative, to whom the Saviour hath said "of such are the Ringdoin of 
Heaven," did it arise from that abominable Oalvinistic doctrine^ that hell is 
paved with the sculls of infants not a span long. 



214 

Out upon sucli a priestliood who preach for hire, and divine for money : 
who wrest the word of God, and thus cause the way of truth to be evii 
spoken against. — Ed. 



AMi<:inCAN EXTRACTS, 



INTEIU" STING DLsCOVERY. 

A NEW QUESTION FOR HISTORICAL SOCIETIES, CONCERNING THE 
ANTIQUITIES OF AMERICA 

We have received a letter from an able and intelligent corres- 
pondent now traversing the Northwestern part of New England, with 
a surveying party, for the location of a railroad, in which he gives an 
account of one of the most remarkable discoveries that ever has been 
made in New England, or indeed, in this country. If the enthusias- 
tic, and almost visionary views of our correspondent are realised even 
in a small degree, we may suppose that an entirely new and unex* 
plored field is about to be opened for the investigation of the learned, 
and that new and interesting light is about to be shed upon the anti- 
quities of this country, a subject which is now filled with much 
doubt and uncertainty. 

Before introducing the communication of our correspondent, we can- 
not forbear to say, that, until twenty years Columbus, by the common 
consent of nations, was considered as the discoverer of America, and 
the first man from the eastern hemisphere, who ever conducted a 
party of civilised and Christian men to this vast continent. It isun- 
boubtly true that the present settlement of America dates from the 
discoveries of Columbus. But the faith of the learned world, both in 
this country and Europe, has been withdrawn from him, as the first 
discoverer of America. 

The literature of Iceland, of which the Royal Society at Copenha- 
gen is the repository, contains interesting accounts of Icelandic 
voyagers to New England as early as the year 1006-7. The savans 
of that Society have within a few years, brought these interCvSting 
records to light. The information contained in their published vol- 
umes at once attracted the attention of the schoolmen. In this 
country Edward Everett, while editor of the Nor h Awericin Rei-few^ 
gave the public, through its pages, the first idea of the oreat work of 
the Copenhagen professors. He afterwards put this information in a 
a more popular shape, and delivered two or three interesting lectures 
on the subject in the Masonic Temple. Not content with this, he 
prepared a volume entitled the "History of the Northmen in Vinland" 
(New England,) which was published in this city, and may, doubtless^ 
be found on the book-sellers' shelves. 



215 

We cite this case to prove that a ioiig-cherished historical fact has 
become so entirely changed as to lose all its characteristics. With 
reference to the antiquities of America, we are all in the dark, and 
anything that promises to give even the slightest clue towards increas- 
ing our information, becomes in the highest degree important. For 
this reason, Stephen's Travels m Central America, Yucaton, &c., liave 
been the most popular of that celebrated author's works. For this 
reason, we give a prominent place to our correspondent's letter 
hoping and believing that the result of the discovery he 
sets forth will throw a ray of light upon one of the most deeply in- 
teresting questions that can occupy the mind of an American citizen. 
Nestor Gap, Franklin Co., March 27, 1853. 

DearB , we are in the small hamlet which bears the name of 

Nestor <Tap. v\^e have been groping about, for the last two weeks, 
under the most discouraging circumstances. We have had snow, 
hail, sleet, ice, rain, floods, mud, and all other unbearable things to 
contend with Yesterday, freezing ; to-day, thawing. But I must 
forego the account of my personal experience and sufferings, and 
hasten to give you a sketch of a most extraordinary discovery made 



by us. 



(To be Continued. 



THE IRISHMAN AND THE DEACON ; OR, THE METHODIST 

MEETING. 

A few months ago, as Deacon Ingalls, of Swampseot, R. I., was 
travelling through the western part of the state of New York, he fell 
in with an Irishman who had lately arrived in this country, and was 
in quest of a brother that came on before him and settled in some of 
the diggings in that vicinity. 

Fat was a strong, athletic man, and a true catholic, and had never 
seen the interior of a Protestant church. It was a pleasant sabbath 
morning that brother Ingalls met Pat, who enquired for the road 
nearest the church. 

Ingalls was a good pious man. He told Pat he was going to 
church himself, and invited his new made acquaintance to accompany 
him thither, his place of destination being a methodist meeting house 
near by. There vv^as a great revival there at that time, and one of 
the deacons (who by the way was very small in statue,) invited bro- 
ther I. to take a seat in his pew. He accepted the invitation and 
walked in, followed by Pat, who looked in vain to find the altar, 
&c. After he was seated he turned to brother I., and in a whisper 
which could be heard by all around, enquired, " sure and isn't this a 
heretic church ? " "Flush!" said Ingalls, "If you speak a loud 
word they will put you out." 



216 

" Devil a word will 1 speak at all," replied Pat. 

The meeting was opened with a prayer by the pastor. Pat was 
eyeing him very closely, when suddenly an old gentleman who was 
standing in the pew in front of Pat, shouted "glory," " His-st, ye 
clear divil" rejoined Pat with his loud whisper, which was heard by 
the minister, '' be dacent, and don't make a blackguard of yourself." 

The' Parson grew more fervent in his devotions. Presently the 
deacon uttered an inaudible groan. " His-st, ye blackguards, have 
ye no dacency at all, at all?" said Pat, at the same moment giving 
the deacon a punch in the ribs, which caused him nearly to lose his 
equilibrum. The minister stopped, and extending his hand in a 
supplicating manner, said : — 

" Brethren, we cannot be disturbed in this way, will some one be 
kind enough to put that man out?" 

" Yes, your reverence," shouted Pat, " I will." 

And suiting the action to the word, he collared the deacon, and 
to the utter horror and astonishment of the pastor, brother Ingall?, 
and the whole congregation, he dragged him through the aisle, and 
with a tremendous kick a posteriori, as the logicians say, he landed 
him in the vestibule of the Church. 

One Sunday evening when Elder Jones was replying to Bunting's 
reprint, from the " Eclectic Review," a number of Methodists were 
present, who immediately commenced a series of interruptions, and 
notwithstanding that they were promised, that if ihey would be 
peaceable, they should have the liberty of taking the stand and re- 
plying, so impeteous were their feelings that they continued their dis- 
turbance through the service ; at the close of the meeting, iilder 
Fleming said that in all his travelling, he had never witnessed such 
disgraceful proceedings, that he would be responsible for any or all 
of his brethren present that they would go into any congregation and 
never disturb it in the least, although the minister thereof might be 
heaping the greatest abuse on our principles, and upon the servants 
of the Lord — yes the brethren in this place had listened to the Kev. 
Dr. Lang and the Rev. Dr. Fullerton, under such circumstances, "and 
that he was ashamed of such conduct; it was neither gentlemanly nor 
Christian. . r , , 

These men appeared quite amazed when they were told that the 
peace of the meeting should be mainta-r_ecl, and if it could not be 
done otherwise that they should be turned out. We have made the 
above extract to show their readiness to protect themselves.. It ig 
also a sarcastical reproof of the uproarious character ■ of their owti 
meeting. 

Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Published by A. Famham, No. 103, Parramatta-street, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

C&iUTi) Of Slrsiu^CIjn^t of Hatter Bay ^amt^, 

IN SYDNEY. 



" HE THAT READETH LET HIM UNDERSTAND.' 



Nos. 28-29. ^ THURSBAY, FEBRUARY, 15, 1855. Vol. I. 



G. S. L. City, Aug. 19th, 1854. 

President Augustus Farnham, 

Sydney, 
And the Elders and Saints in 

Australia. 

Dear Brethren, 

By letter from Elder Farnham dated Dec. 24th, 1853, I was made some- 
what acquainted witli your position, labors, success, and faith, all which were 
causes for rejoicing in the kind dealing and overruling providence of our 
God. Elder Wm. Hyde, arrived here on the 1 4th inst., having travelled 
from San Bernardino with the mail company. I have seen him only for a 
few moments, as his health is still very poor, and he is recruiting at his heme 
in Big Cottonwood. The saints who accompanied Elder Hyde to Cali- 
fornia, are tarrying at San Bernardino waiting further counsel as to their 
movements. This I have just written to Elders Rich and Lyman ; 1 have 
understood that some of the brethren in Australia, donated means to help 
the poor to emigrate witli Elder Hyde, with the expectation that such 
donations would be credited to them on the books of the Perpetual Emigra- 
tion Fund. The motives that prompted this course I presume were good ; 
and were the Fund much larger than it now is, and the poor saints in the 
British Isles far less numerous than they now are, and still furthr, were 
not the facilities for outfitting far greater in Australia, than in any other place 
where there are poor saints to be gathered, — still all who have assisted or 
may assist the saints to gather from Australia, with a view to being credited 
on the books of the Fund, will be so credited whenever the amount advanced 
by any individuals actually paid into the Fund. You will perceive at once 
that this is the only just course under the circumstances, and the only one 
that will enable me to keep the necessary oversiglit, and control of the nieans 
of the Fund Co., at least until the Fund is far weal ther in ayaila ble means, 
and the foreign poor much fewer in number. In far off missions like yours 
I wish to remind you that it is not only your privilege, but your duty to so 
walk in the path way of all truth, and so to regoice in the spirit of the Lord, 
as to be able to know the course of your duties and not wait for counsel from 
me but act in faith, believing ever as you have done, and any little mistake 
that may arise will be overruled for good. The economy of the Almighty 
in reference to the salvation of the human family, requires this course, and 



218 

tlie long distance between us compels it. Still I shall avail myself of every 
opportunity to give you such counsel as tlie spirit may dictate, and now take 
occasion to write that all the elders who went from Utah to Australia, on a 
mission, and are there upon receipt of this letter, are at liberty to tarry or 
return home, as you shall decide in your councils, as you may be moved 
upon through faithfulness by the Holy Ghost, and this without any further 
word from me on that subject, but act in tlie matter as you can unanimously 
agree. 

I wish to inform Elder Burr Frost, that circumstances render it wisdom 
for him to retiun home by the first opportunity, and that he has my counsel, 
and cordial consent for so doing, and it will be all right. In relation to 
matters here, the Indians continue very friendly, and we continue to enjoy 
peace, prosperity, and generally good health. Hail and grasshoppers have 
injured our field crops and gardens in some localities, still we have flattering 
indications of a plentiful harvest. The public works are progressing with 
considerable speed, and the inhabitants generally are energetic in the various 
grades of private improvements, calculated to make our mountain homes 
comfortable and beautiful. The adobie work of the wall around the Temple 
Block was finished on the loth inst., and on the 16th I helped to raise the 
first coping stone to its place on the N. W. corner. The workmen have 
been for some time past, busily engaged in laying the massive stone founda- 
tion of the Temple, which is composed of huge blocks of sand stone or con- 
glomerated. In short the Lord is weekly blsssing his people in Zion, and 
wherever they are upon the earth, and it simply remains for each of us to 
stand in our several lots, magnifying our callings to the honor and glory of 
his name, and all things will work together for good. .So far as I know jour 
families are well, and I presume keep you informed on family and local 
topics. Prayino- for your welfares in the w ay of all truth. 
I Remain your brother in the Gospel, 

Brigham Young. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE DESERET. 



THE TEMPLE. 

To the Editor of the Deseret Nam. 

SiR^ — You request a brief description of the Temple now being built in this 
city, for the information of your subscribers. I will give it as presented on 
the draught now before me ; hoping it will tend to obviate so many ques- 
tions being asked by various individuals. 

The Temple Block is 40 rods square, the lines running north and south, 
east and west, and contains 10 acres. The centre of the Temple is 156 feet 
6 inches due west from the centre of the east line of the Block. The length 
of the said House, east and west, is 186 J feet, including towers, and the 
width 99 feet. On the east end there are three towers, as also on the west. 
Draw^ a line north and south 118 J thro' the centre of the towers and y 
have the north and south extent of ground plan, including pedestal. 



on 



I 



219 

We depress into the earth, at the east end, to the depth of 16 feet, and 
enlarge all around beyond the lines of wall 3 feet for a footing, 

The north and south walls are 8 feet thick, clear of pedestal ; they stand 
upon a footing of 16 feet wall, on its bearing, which slopes 3 ieet on each 
side to the height of 7J feet. The footing of the towers rise to the same 
height of the side, and is one solid piece of masonry of rough ashlars, laid in 
good lime mortar. 

The basement of the main building is divided into many rooms by walls, 
all having footings. — The line of the basement floor is 6 inches above the 
top of the footing. From the tower on the east to the tower on the west, 
the face of the earth slopes 6 feet, four inches above the earth on the east 
line, begins a promenade walk, from 1 1 to 22 feet wide, around the entire 
building, and approached by stone steps on all sides. 

There are four towers on the four comers of the building, each starting 
from their footing, of 26 feet square ; these continue 16^ feet high, and 
come to the line of the base string course, which is 8 feet above the pro- 
menade walk. At this point the towers are reduced to 25 feet square ; they 
then continue to the height of 38 feet, or the height of the second string 
course. At this point they are reduced to 23 feet square ; they then con- 
tinue 38 feet high, to the third string course. The string course continue all 
around the building, except when seperated by buttresses. These string 
courses are massive mouldings from solid blocks of stone. 

The two east towers then rise 25 feet to a string course, or cornice. The 
two west towers rise 19 feet and come to their string course, or cornice! — 
The four towers then rise 9 feet to the top of battlements. These towers 
are cylindrical, having 17 feet diameter inside, within which stairs ascend 
around a solid column four feet in diameter, allowing landings at the various 
sections of the building. These towers have each 5 ornamental windows on 
two sides, above the basement. The two centre towers occupy the centre 
of the east and west ends of the building, starting from their footings 31 feet 
square, and break off in sections in line with corner towers to the height of 
the third string course. The east centre tower then rises 40 feet to the top 
of battlements ; the west centre tower rises 34 feet to the top of battle- 
ments. All the towers have spires, the details of which are not decided on. 

All these towers, at their corners have octagon turrets terminated by 
octagon pinnacles 5 feet diameter at base, 4 feet at first story, and 3 feet 
from there up. There are also on each side of these towers two buttresses, 
except when they come in contact with the body of the main building. 
The top of these buttresses show 48 in number, and stand upon pedestals. 
The space between the buttresses and turrets is 2 feet at first story. On 
the front of two centre towers are two large windows, each 32 feet high, one 
above the other, neatly prepared for that place. 

On the two west corner towers, and on the vvest end, a few feet below the 
top of battlements, may be seen in bold, (or alto relievo) the great dipper, 
or Ursa Major, with the pointers ranging nearly towards the north star. 
(Moral, the lost may find themselves by the Priesthood.) 

I will now glance at the main body of the House. I have before stated 
that the basement was divided into many rooms. The centre one is arran- 
ged for a baptismal font, and is 57 feet long by 35 feet wide, separated from 
the main wall by four rooms, two on each side, 19 feet long by 12 wide. 



220 

On the east and west side of these rooms are 4 passages 12 feet wide ; these 
lead to and from by outside doors, two on the north and two on the south. 
Farther east and west from these passages are 4 more rooms, two at each 
end, 28 feet wide by 38 J long. These and their walls occupy the basement. 
All the walls start ofif their footings, and rise 16^ feet, and there stop with 
ground ceiling. 

We are now up to the line of the base string course, 8 feet about the pro- 
menade, or steps rising to the Temple, which terminates the cope of pedestal, 
and to the first floor of said House. — This room is joined to the outer courts, 
these courts being the width between towers, 16 feet by 9 in the clear. We 
ascend to the floors of these courts (tliey being on a line with first floor of 
main house) by four flights of stone steps 9 J feet wide, arranged in the base- 
ment work ; the first step ranging to the outer line of towers. From these 
courts doors admit to any part of the building. 

The size of the first large room is 120 feet long by 80 feet wide ; the 
height reaches nearly to the second string course. The room is arched over 
in the centre with an elliptical arch Avhich drops at its flank 10 feet, and 
has 38 feet span. The side ceilings have i elliptical arches which start 
from the side walls of the main building, 16 feet high, and terminate at the 
capitals of the columns or foot of centre arch, at the height of 24 feet. — The 
columns obtain their bearings direct from the footings of said house ; these 
colums extend up to support the floor above. 

The outside walls of this story are 7 feet thick. The space, from the ter- 
mination of the foot of the centre arch to the outer wall, is divided into 16 
compartments, 8 on each side, making rooms 14 feet by 14, clear of parti- 
tions, and 10 feet high, leavnig a passage 6 feet wide next to each flank of 
centre arch, which is approaclied from the ends. These rooms are each 
lighted by an elliptical or oval window whose major axis is vertical. 

The second large room is one foot wider than the room below ; this is in 
consequence of the w all being but 6 feet thick, falling off six inches on the 
inner, and six on the outer side. The second string course provides for this 
on the outside. — The rooms of this story are similar to those below. The 
side walls have 9 buttresses on a side, and have 8 tier of windows, 5 on each 
tier. 

The foot of the basement windows are 8 inches above the promenade, rise 
3 feet perpendicular, and terminate with a semicircular head. The first 
story windows have 12 feet length of sash, to top pf semicircular head. The 
oval windows have 6 J I'eet length of sash. The windows of the second 
story are the same as those below. — All these frames have 4J feet width of 
sash. 

The pedestals under all the buttresses project at their base 2 feet ; above 
their base, which is 15 inches by 4^ feet wide, on each front, is a figure of a 
globe 3 feet 11 inches across, whose axis corresponds with the axis of the 
earth. 

Tlie base string course forms a cope for those pedestals. Above this cope 
the buttresses are 3 J feet, and continue to the height of 100 feet. — Above 
the promenade, close under the second string course, on each of the but- 
tresses is the moon, represented in its different phases. Close under the 
third string course, or cornice is the face of the sun. Immediately above 
is Saturn with her rings. The buttresses terminate with a projected cope. 



221 

'I'lie only diftlreuce between tlie to\vcr buttresses, and the one just des- 
cribed, is, instead of Saturn bein<:j on tliem, we have clouds and rays of light 
descending dov, nwards. 

All of these symbols arc to be chiseled in bas relief on solid stone. The 
side walls continue, above the string course, or cornice, 8| feet, making the 
walls 96 feet high, and are formed in battlements, interspersed \\ ith stairs. 

The roof is quite flat, rising only 8 feet, and is to be covered with gal- 
vanized iron, or some other metal. The building is to be otherwise orna- 
mented in many places. The whole structure is designed to symbolize some 
of the great architectural work above. 

The basement windows recede in, from the face of outer wall to sash 
frame, 18 inches, and are relieved by a large cavete. These windows above 
the base recede from face of wall to sash frame, S feet, and are surrounded 
by stone jambs formed in mouldings, and surmounted by labels over each, 
which terminate at their horizon, excepting the oval windows, whose labels 
terminate on columns which extend from an enriched string course, at the 
foot of each window, to the centre of major axis. 

My chief object in the last paragraph is to show to the judgment of any 
who may be baffled, how those windows can be come at, &c. All the win- 
dows in the towers are moulded, and have stone jambs ; each being crowned 
with label mouldings. 

For further particulars, wait till the house is done, then come and see it. 

The whole house covers an area of 21,850 feet. 

TRUMAN O. ANGELL, Arch't. 



PROGRAMME. 



GRAND JUVENILE PROCESSION. 

Monday, July 24tk, 1854. 

BEING THE SEVENTH ANNIVERSARY Of THE PIONEERS INTO THE VALLEY 
OF THE GREAT SALT LAKE. 

At sunrise firing of cannon by Capt. Tanner's Artillery, and ringing of 
bells. 

At 7 o'clock, children will assemble at the School House of their re- 
spective Wards, and proceed immediately to the place of general gathering, 
the Tabernacle. 

The Grand Procession will form at 7J o'clock, and at half-past 8 pre- 
cisely, will leave the ground under the direction of the Marshal of the Day, 
Col. J. C. Little, and parade a portion of the city, continuing its march to the 
residence of President Young ; where, with singing and addresses, by the 
youths, the President and Suite will be received under a Pioneer Salute of 
7 guns, at which time the Mammoth Flag will be unfurled, and the Pro- 
cession proceed to the Tabernacle. 

The Procession being seated, doors will be opened to the public. 

The assembly called to order by the Marshal — Prayer by the Chaplain. 

Singing by the Juvenile Choir. 

Followed by addresses, anecdotes, and toasts adapted to tlie occasion, in- 
terspersed with music by the several bands, and singing by the Choir, 



222 

At tlie close of the exercises the public will retire. 

The Procession will re-form and escort the President and Suit back to his 
residence. From thence they will parade thro' another portion of tlie City, 
until its arrival at the place of starting. 

The Procession will then form in square, give one hearty good cheer, for 
each Anniversary of the Pioneers, accompanied by the roll of drums and 
firing of cannon. 

The Regalia will then be collected, and the Procession dismissed ; when 
they will return to their respective Ward School Houses, where it is ex- 
pected a collation will be provided by the parents, to close the amusements 
of the day. 

ORDER OF PROCESSION. 

1. Marshal of the day, and Captain L, W. Hardy, on horse. Wm. Ed- 
dington and N. H. Felt, Aids. 

2. Young man bearing the Marshal's Insignia of Office, mounted in gold 
letters, — " Order.'" 

R. T. Burton, Ass't Marshal. 

3. American Standard, ^'Stars and Stripes.'' 

4. Martial Band. 

5. Pioneers' Band. 

6. 24 Young Men, in full Mountain Dress. 

7. Banner, Names of Pioneers. 

J. W. CuMMiNGs, Ass't. Mar. 

8. Boy bearing Cushion, with Bible, and Book of Mormon in six differ- 
ent languages. 

9. 24 Boys in white pants, shirts, and straw hats. 

10. 24 Girls in white dress and pink bodies. 

11. Boy with Banner, blue silk and gold. — ^^ Wisdom." 

Joseph Horn, Ass't Mar. 

12. Boy with Compass. 

13. Terrestial Globe, mounted in a Canopy of blue silk and gold, carried 
by four Boys in white pants, shirts, cornets, and scarfs. 

14. 8 Boys with Educational Instruments. 

15. 3 Boys with Quadrant, Mountain Barometer, and Sextant. 

16. Celestial Globe, mounted on a Canopy of white silk and gold, carried 
by 4 Boys, in white pants, shirts, cornets, and scarfs. 

17. Boy bearing Orrery; Inscription, — ^^ Eternities.'" 

Joseph Cain, Ass't. Mar. 

18. University Banner. 

19. 12 Boys, white pants, shirts, red sashes, Mottoes in gold. 

20. Banner, in blue silk and gold, — '^ All Tru'h" 

21. 12 Girls in white dresses. 

D. Candland, Ass't. Mar. 

22. Banner in silk, — "Zion's Bulwarks." 

23. 3 Boys with silk sashes. Mottoes in gold. 

24. 24 Boys in light dress, and black belts. 
2 5 . Banner, — ' ' Virtue adorns Zion. ' ' 

26. 24 Girls in white dress. 



223 

J. F. Hutchinson, Ass't. Mar. 

27. Banner, — "-Sweet Singers of Is mel." 

28. 24. Juvenile Singers; 12 Lads in liglit dresses. 

29. Teachers. 

D. A. Wells, Ass't. Mar. 

30. Banner carried by Indian Children, — "-We shall hccoim a White and 
Delightsome people.'" 

31. 24 Indian Children in Indian costume, 

CoRNABY, Ass't. Mar. 

32. Banner,— "Hope of Israel.'" 
S^. 50 Boys. 

34. Ornamental stafF, with Inscription, — ^''Fuith, Hope, and Charity. 
3.5. 50 Girls. 

A. HoAGLAND, Ass't. Mar. 
SQ. Band Banner. 

37. Nauvoo Brass Band. 

38. Large Terrestrial Globe, mounted in a Canopy of purple silk and 
gold, carried by six Young Men in white pants, tunics, neck ties, scarfs and 
cornets of silk and gold ; Inscription, — ^'The Saiiits' Inheritance.'' 

39. , Banner, Lion and Lamb. 

40. President Brigham Young and Suite. — Lorenzo Snow on the right, 
Wilford Woodruff on the left, on w]iite horses. Chaplain. 

41. Banner. — "-Blessed are they whose Names are Written in the Book of 

42. Church Historian with Roll, supported by his 4 Clerks, in white 
pants, vest, black coats, scarfs, and bearing a Canopy of silk and gold. 

43. Large Celestial Globe, mounted on a Canopy of white silk and gold, 
carried by 6 Young Men in white pants, tunics, neck ties, scarfs and cornets, 
of silk and gold ; supported on the right by Orson Hyde, on the left by John 
Taylor, on white horses Inscription, — '-'■Come and See." 

A. H. Raleigh, Ass't. Mar. 

44. Large Map of the American Continent, lettered, — "-Ephrianis 
Portion." 

45. Company of Boys. 

B. H. Young, Ass't. Mar. 

46. Banner in Silk, — ''Mothers teach us horv to he Great." 

47. 24 Girls in white dress and blue bodies. 

J. M. Simmons, Ass't. Mar. 

48. Banner, — "Zio7i's Daughters rejoice in Zion's Peace." 

49. 24 Gills in white dress, blue scarfs, white wreaths for head dress. 

50. Banner, in white silk and gold, " Purity." 

51. 24 Misses, in white, with scarfs, coronets of white roses on their 
heads, and bouqets of flowers in their hands. 

B.B. Messenger, Ass't. Mar. 

52. Banner, — " Union is Liberty." 

53. Company of Boys. 

H. B. Clawson, Ass't. Mar. 

54. Banner, wliite silk and gold, — " Virtue." 

55. 12 Young Ladies in white, dressed precisely alike ; coronets of 



224 

white roses upoji their heads, in their hands bouquets cn iio.vers, and wear- 
ing white silk sashes, with the following mottoes in gold : — 

" Hail to the Prophet," " Holiness to the Lord," "Zion of the Lord," 
" Mountain Blossoms," " Zion's Hope," " Israel's Deliverance," " Purity 
and Virtue," " Love and Purity," " Zion our Home," " Lillies of the Val- 
ley," " Peace and Plenty," " Pure Love Exalteth." 
John Brown, Ass't. Mar. 

56. A large Map of Asia, lettered in gold, — " JudaKs Portion." 

57. Company of Boys. 

58. Deseret Alphabet. 

59. Company of Girls. 

60. Band Banner. 

61. Ballo's Brass Band. 

62. 2 Little Boys attired in Shepherd Dresses of Tartan Plaid, bearing 
Shepherd Crooks, and attended with Pet Lambs. 

Capt. Heman Hyde. 

63. Rear Guard full equipped. 



WASHINGTON. 

f Extract from the Star.) 

Eootensive Appropriations by Congress for Utah — Appointments for Justice 

and Indian Agents for Utah. 

Washington City, August 8, 1854. 

President F. D. Richards. 

My Dear Sir — Notwithstanding His Satanic Majesty raged and roared, 
the following bills and amendments to bills, have, with the blessing of God, 
passed both branches of the National Legislature, and having received the 
Executive sanction, have become laws of the land — 

A bill to refund to the Teritory of Utah the expenses incurred 
in suppressing Indian hostilities in the years 1850 and 1851, $20, 940.65 

A bill to provide for the construction of a Military Road 
to Utah, 25,000.00 

An amendment to the civil and diplomatic bill to increase the 
Utah Library, 500.09 

An amendment to the civil and diplomatic bill to pay the 
Code Commissioners, 2, 428.10 

For general incidental expenses of the Indian service in the 
Territory of Utah during the year ending June 30th, 1854, 10,000.00 

For general incidental expenses of the Indian service of the 
Territory of Utah for the year ending June 30, 1855, 20,000.00 

For the expenses of negotiating treaties with, and making 
presents of goods and provisions to the Indians in the Territory 
of Utah, 45,000.00 

To defray the expenses of the Territorial Government of Utah 
for the year ending June 30th, 1855, 30,700.00 



$154, 568,75 



225 

Three or four new post routes have also been estubhshed in Uiuh. 
George P. Stiles has been appointed an Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, for the Territory of Utah, vice Judge Underwood 
declined. 

Dr. Garland Hurt, of Kentucky, has been a])pointed Indian Agent for 
the Territory of Utali, in the place of Major Bedell deceased. 

I remain yours, ever truly. 

John M. Berxhisel. 



FERRIS\S ''UTAH AND THE MORMONS" WEIGHED IN 

THE BALANCES. 
( Extract from the Star.) 

Benjaniin G. Ferris, late Secretary of State for Utah, has given 
to the world his views of ( tah and the Mormons. Throughout his 
whole work of 347 octavo pages, I cannot find a single open, manly 
testimony of virtue in the "Mormons," or in their religion, excepting 
an acknowledgement of "polite and kind attentions" on the part of a 
few individuals, and "friendly courtesy" on the part of the people of 
G. S. L. City generally, a concession which the commonest court- 
esies of society could not fail to exact. 

The Book of Mormon, without doubt, was founded on Solomon 
Spaulding's Manuscript Found. A "combination of cunning and 
sensuality" formed the character of Joseph Smith, "the latter quality 
indeed," eventually becoming "the absordin.i and governing passion 
of his sou), which respected neither the ties of kindred nor friendship. 
Out of such a character the doctrines and practices of }H)lygamy legit- 
imately grew. Of course "Joseph Smith was no martyr" — his death 
was merely a political mistake." Furthermore, " it is a misnomer to 
say that the Mormons have been persecuted on account of their reli- 
gion." So far from that, "religious persecution does not belong to 
the American mind." The fact is, "aside from constitutional and 
statuary protection, all forms and creeds are tolerated, however redi- 
culous and absurd, provided their practical ultimation do not interfere 
with the rights of others." But here is the grand difficulty — "Mor- 
monism, unhapily, furnishes a justification to the conscience of the 
fanatical believer for the commission of all the crimes which have been 
charged to its account." But why were not "Mormon" criminals 
brought to justice V Ah, gentle reader, you little know the com- 
plexion of a "Mormon" community, or you would not ask that simple 
question. The "Mormons" were decided criminals, and ought to 
have received condign punishment, but they were sharp enough ta 
evade justice — they were too cunning to be caught. "A community 
like that of Nauvoo, possesed almost unlimited facilities for the 
concealment of crime, in the first instance, and, in the end, for 



220 

screening the detected offender IVom justice." A criminal, or niis- 
siiig- property, might be traced to the precincts of Naiivoo, but there 
fairy land commenced further search was hopeless, the pursuer was 
\ baffled and bewildered at every step, and had eventually to return 
sorely disappointed — " once within its territory, and further trace 
would be lost : it was then as fruitless a task as hunting Indians in 
the everglades of Florida vvithont the aid of bloodhounds." There 
might have been " cases of individual wrong" in the " break-up of 
Nauvoo," as such cases "will always occur in civil commotions." 
But " the original causes of the trouble are to be found in the Mor- 
mon system itself, — in its arrogant religious pretentions, its reeking 
^ licentiousness, and its general licence to plunder the goods, and 
trample upon the rights of all ' Gentile' communities with which it 
may happen to be in contact." And the " Mormons" should not 
" complain that, in making war upon the social morality, and the 
civil and religious institutions of the country, they have not only lost 
the battle, but come out of the contest with diminished resources." 
The raising of the " Mormon Battalion," of 500 men, for the Mex- 
ican war, while the Church hiy in the wilderness of Iowa, must not 
j_ be considered a sacrifice, nor an exhibition of patriotism and loyalty, 
but was a boon to the Saints, as it led them in a direction they wished 
to go, and brought the Church a bounty of some 20,000 dollars, 
which '' more than counter-balanced the incovenience arising from 
the absence of that number of men." The exode from Nauvoo to 
t Great Salt Lake Valley, though effected in a!i " admirable manner," 
I was comparatively an easy task. The people of Utah are not 
^ worthy of so much renown for industry and enterprise as they have 

received, for they have accomplished no more than what any similar 
number of Americans could do. 

As may be expected the degradation of Utah is deep and abiding. 
The m jst " frightful licentiousness" prevails, as the necessary con- 
sequence of a piurity of wives. " The pollution of the Latter-day 
polygamist is thorough and complete, mind and body. There is no 
degree of profanity and blasphemy that he cannot compass with the 
coolness of an every-day occupation. Everything sacred which he 
breathes upon or touches, is profaned and polluted, from the throne 
of the Eternal to the family altar, around which are usually garnered 
all the hopes and joys of Christian minds. All his doctrines are base 
literalism and materialism — all his joys are carnal and selfish." We 
may shortly expect Utah to be destroyed by fire from heaven like 
Sodom and Gomorrah, for, if Mr. Ferris's charge be true, she cer- 
tainly deserves it. Only to think of common decency being all but 
a stranger at Salt Lake ! " Their system of plurality has obliterated 
nearly all sense of decency, and would seem to be fast leading to an 
intercourse open and promiscuous as the cattle in the fields." The 



227 

wives in Utiih are certainly objects of s[)ecial comnuseration — " A 
wife^ in Utah, cannot live ont half her days." The effects of poly- 
gamy are pursued to a grand climax — '» in every instance where it 
has been introduced, it has totally destroyed all union of affection 
and interest prt viously existing. The wife has no further motive to 
labour and economize for the family, because she finds one or more 
intruders who have the right to share in the benefits of her exertions ; 
and the concubine, for a similar reason, feels no interest and makes 
no effort. The wife hates them for interfering with her comfort, and 
estranging the affections of her husband ; they, on the other hand, 
hate tiie wife and each other, and the children of each other. The 
husband hates the wife on w^iose affections he has trampled, and over 
whom he has tyranized, and hates each concubine, of whom he tires 
when a fresh one is introduced ; and the children hate each other as 
cordially as a band of half starved young w^olves. It is hate, strife, 
and wretchedness, through the whole family circle. H ecate herself, 
in her deepest malignity, could not have devised a more effectual 
scheme to destroy tTie happiness of mankind. The husband, under 
the domestic discord and gross indulgence, loses his energy, becomes 
discouraged*, sinks into the bloated, vulgar debauchee, and affords a 
capital illustration of the truth, that " our pleasant vices are made 
the whips to scourge us." A most inviting picture, surely ! Felony 
and murder are also winked at and abetted by the authorities of the 
Church. 

J^alt Lake Valley is very unhealthy, and a " frightful degree of 
sickness and mortality prevails," the children, through the '' gross 
sensuality and carelessness" of the parents, being the chief sufferers. 
Mr, Ferris has very industriously gathered up divers stories, and 
" amusing scenes," similar to the lowest of those which pass, in Chris- 
tian communities, under the category of " scandal." lie speaks of 
the dissensions, and the decrease of population, that prevail at Salt 
Lake ; and concludes by showing that the Saints have begun to 
" decline and fall," are fast hasting to decay, and '^ must gradually 
sink away and become lost in a better population." 

Such are the staple contents of Utah and the Mormons. Now it 
is really too bad that the world should be called upon to believe that 
the people of Utah are so utterly and irreclaimably degraded as is 
above represented. Such a one-sided report — all w^orse arid no 
better, like the negro's wife, defeats the intentions of the author, and 
consequently requires no systematic and literal refutation. To under- 
take to do such a thing would be wasting labour and time. He who 
can believe Mr. Ferris's work must possess a very obtuse and unre- 
flecting mind. Were it not that many editors are publishing extracts 
from Utah and the Mormons^ and that there are hundreds and thou- 
sands of honest people in this country, w ho have heard nothing on 



the other side of the qll<^-ti()ll, and who consequently might be led to 
erroneous conclusions respecting the Latter-day Saints, the work 
would, most likely, never have been noticed in the Star. But, for 
the information and benefit of such persons, i have given above a 
short description of Mr. berris's book. If they vs^ish for a further 
ac({uaintance with that work, they can procure it for themselves. 
Meanwlnle 1 will introduce Mr. Ferris's testimony into one scale of 
the balances, and, without any misgivings as to the restdt, introduce 
into the other scale, from various sources, perhaps quite as respec- 
table as the Ex-Secretary of Utah, the following testimony, conclud- 
ing with the sensible observations of a lady who has proven for her- 
seif the practical workings of that system which Mr. Ferris denomi- 
nates the " crowning trait of ]Vlormonlsm," and which " has proved to 
be the Pandora's box from wliich these troublesome plagues have 
gone forth on their errand of mischief — 

" My dear Sir — I have just cut the enclosed slip from the ' Buffaio 
Courier. It brings serious charges against Brighara Youy(^, gover- 
nor of Utah, and falsely charges that I knew them to be Ji'ue. You 
will recollect that I relied much upon you for the moral cAractcr and 
standing of Mr. Young. You knew hhn, and had kn^vn him in 
Utah. You are a Democrat, but I doubt not will truly state whether 
these charges against the moral character of Governor Young are 
true." — tits Excellency Millard Fillmore^ President of the United 
k^ tales, to i'olonel T. />. Kane. 

" My dear ^ir, — I have no wish to evade the responsibility of 
having vouched for the character of Mr. Brigham Young, of Utah, 
and his fitness for the station he now occupies. I reiterate, without 
reserve, the statement of his excellent capacity, energy, and integrity, 
wltich I m (If ijoa prior to his appointment. I am willing to say I 
volunteered to connnunicate to you the facts by which I was con- 
vinced of his patiiotism and devotion to the interests of the union. 
1 made no qualification when 1 assured you of his irreproachable 
moral character, because I was able to speak of this from my ows 
intimate personal knowledge. . . Meanwhile, I am ready to offer 
this assurance for publication in any form you care to indicate, and 
challenge contradiction from any respectable authority." — oonel 
T. L. Kane to his iJlxcellenctj President, Mi lard Fdlmore. 

" Nor, w^hatt^ver may be the character of the leaders, can we hesi- 
tate to believe the almost unanimous testimony of travellers to the 
general morality of the population ? Indeed, the laborious and suc- 
cessful industry, which we have described could not characterize a 
debauched and licentious people."— JE<:/^ w6Mr<//i Review. 

" It certainly argued a high tone of morals, and an habitual obser- 
vance of good order and decorum, to find women and children thus 
securely slumbering in the midst of a large city, -with no protection 



229 

from midnight molestation other tlian a wagon-cover of linen and the 
a^gis of the law." — Captain ^^fanshiif y^s Expedition to (Jreat 
Salt Lake. 

" Upon the practical workir.g of this system of plurality of wives, 
1 can hardly be expected to express more than a mere opinion. . . 
So fa", however, as my intercourse with the inhabitants afforded me 
an opportunity of judging, its practical operation was quite different 
from what I had anticipated. Peace, harmony, and cheerfulness 
seemed to prevail, where my preconceived notions led me to look for 
nothing but the exhibition of petty jealousies, envy, bickerings, and 
strife. Confidence and sisterly affection among the different mem- 
bers of the family seemed pre-eminently conspicuous." — fbid. 

" Since the return of the expedition, it has appeared evident that 
the nature of the domestic relations of the Mormons has been very 
generally misapprehended. It seems that the ' spiritual wife system,' 
as it has been very improperly denominated, has been supposed to be 
nothing more nor less than the unbridled license of indiscriminate in- 
tercourse between the sexes, either openly practised by all, or in- 
dulged to the invasion of individual rights by the spiritual elders. 
Nothing can be furiher from the real state of the case. The tie that 
binds a Mormon to his second, third, or fourth wife, is just as strong, 
sacred, and indissoluble, as that which unites him to his first. Al- 
though this assumption of new marriage bonds be called '-^ simllmj^'^ 
it is contracted, not secretly, but under the solemn sanctions of a 
religious ceremony, in the presence, and with the approbation and 
consent of relatives and friends. Whatever may be thought of the 
morality of this practice, none can fail to perceive that it exhibits a 
state of things entirely different from the gross licentiousness which 
is generally thought to prevail in this community, and which, were 
it the case, would justly commend itself to the unmingled abhorence 
of the whole civilised world. The recent acquittal of a Mormon 
elder fo? shooting the seducer of one of his wives, on the ground that 
the act was one of justifiable homicide, fully corroborates the truth of 
this remark, and shows in how^ strong a light the sacredness and ex- 
clusive character of such relations are viewed by thfe Mormons them- 
selves." — Ibid. 

" We can only say that all marriage relations that came under our 
notice were most purely correct in appearance ; and that all wives 
in Utah showed a devotion and alacrity in domestic affairs and family 
duties, that would promote the harmony of the world, and make many 
a heavy heart beat for joy, if universal." — Lieut. Gunnison s His- 
ton/ of the Mormons. 

" The cheerful happy taces— the self satisfied countenances — the 
cordial salutation of brother or sister on all occasions of address — the 
lively strains of music pouring forth from merry hearts in every do-mi- 



2a0 

€ile, as women and children .sing their ' songs of Zion,' while plying 
their domestic tasks, give an impression of a happy society in the 
vales of Deseret." — Ihid. 

" The plm-ality system, as it is called here (or polygamy, in fact,) 
prevails extensively ; but those who suppose that licentiousness or 
looseness of manners or morals prevails to any extent, are very much 
mistaken, 1 he women are exceedingly modest and circumspect in 
their de|iartment. I have had the pleasure of an introduction to a 
number who are very sensible and agreeable, and i think, compare 

fully with the well-bred ladies of the States From all I 

can see and learn, there is less licentiousness and vulgarity in this 
city and territory than any other place of equal population in the 
United States. I'he men are jealous of all interference in their 
domestic affairs, and seduction and adultery, if discovered, are apt to 
be punished by death of the offender. Some cases of this kind have 
happened here." — L. /i. l^ead, United > tales Chief Justice for the 
t erritory of Utah. 

" While to the thoughtless reader the name of Mormonism is only sugges- 
tive of ribald epigrams on the continency of Mr. Brigham Young, and the 
existence of the sect is treated as a mere joke, the eyes of thinking men are 
fixed on the young settlement of De seret, with apprehensions of no common 
nmo-nitude. The colony of Salt Lake is no assemblage of hairbrained 
socialists, or agapemone of rogues and dupes — a haunt of hypocrisy and 
beastly licentiousness — Brigham Young and his followers are neither idle 
knaves nor corrupt profligates. The stumbling -blocks 7vhich have led to the 
dormif all of so many false sects, have been avoided by the Mormons. Their 
religious code is imbued with enough mysticism to attract the imaginative, 
but it is linked and coupled with a moral law framed on the wisest basis." — 
New York Herald. 

" Despite all the calumnious tales which have been circulated, we have 
every reason to believe that the Mormons are just in their dealings, and 
kind and charitable both to strangers and to each other. Polygamy, it is 
true, is practised among them, and has been severely used as a weapon in 
the hands of their assailants : but so far from being made subservient to 
depraved passions, it is only tolerated in order to increase the number of 
the faithful, and on the principle quoted above, that drones — whether male 
or female — must be driven from the hive. Female chastity and conjugal 
fldelitv are essential virtues ; adultery and illicit intercourse will be punished 
with death by the Mormon code. Both honour and religion oblige the man, 
whose wife, daughter, or sister had been injured, to kill the seducer." — Ibid. 

" I must still say, on the ground of what I was able to collect in America 
regarding this sect — its leaders and doctrines — that I believe the accusations 
laid to their charge are for the greater part untrue. ... I was assured, 
by an intellectual man — not a Mormon— who had resided two years among 
the Mormons in Utah, that the morals of the public were remarkably pure , 
and that the Mormon women were above all blame.'" — Frcderica Brenner's 
Homes of the New World. 



231 

The way tliese Mormons have been ' hed about' is a sin. I never saw a 
more peacetul, sober, industrious, and thriving people in my life. Their 
city is a perfect pattern of neatness, and everybody in it seems to be active 
and busy." — //. C. Lee, of MUwaukie Wisconsin. 

" I b.ave not yet heard the single charge against them as a community, 
against their habitual purity of life, their integrity of dealing, their toleration 
of religious differences of opinion, their regard for the laws, or their devo- 
tion to the constitutional government under which we live — that I do not, 
from my ow n observation or the testimony of others, know to be unfoun- 
ded." — Colonel Thomas L. Kane. 

" I have been annoyed by comments this hastily written discourse lias 
elicited : well meaning friends have even invited me to tone down its re- 
marks in favour of the Mormons, for the purpose of securing them a readier 
acceptance. 1 can only make them more express. Tlie Truth must take 
care of itself. I not only meant to deny that the Mormons in any wise fall 
below our own standard of morals, but I would be distinctly understood to 
ascribe to those of their number with whom I associated in tlie West, a 
general correctness of deportment and purity of character above tlie average 
of ordinary communities." — Ibid. 

"It is observed to me, with a vile meaning, tliat I have said little about 
the Mormon women. I have scarcely alluded to them, because my memo- 
ries of them are such that I cannot think of their characters as a theme for 
discussion. In one word, it was eminently that which for Americans dig- 
nifies the names of mother, wife, and sister. Of the self-denying generosity, 
which went to ennoble the whole people in my eyes, I witnessed among them 
the brightest illustrations. I have seen the ideal charity of the statue 
gallery surpassed by the young Mormon mother, who shared with the 
stranger's orphan the breast of milk of her own child." — Ibid. 

" Can charges which are so commonly and so circumstantially laid, be 
without any foundation at all ? I know it. Upon my return from the 
prairie, I met through the settlements scandalous stories against the Presi- 
dent of the sect, which dated of the precise period when I myself was best 
acquainted with his self-denying and blameless life. I had an experience 
no less satisfactory with regard to other falsehoods, some of them the most 
extravagant and most widely believed. During the sickness I have referred 
to, I was nursed by a dear lady, well connected in New^ York and New 
Jersey, whom I sufficiently name to many by stating that she was the first 
cousin of one of our most respected citizens, whose conduct as chief magis- 
trate of Philadelphia in an excited time won for him our general esteem. 
In her exile, she found her severest suffering in the belief that her friends in 
the States looked upon her as irreclaimably outcast. It was one of the first 
duties I performed on my return, to enlighten them as to her true position, 
and the character of her exemplary husband ; and the knowledge of this 
fact arrived in time, I believe, to be of comfort to her before she sank under 
the privation and hardship of the march her frame was too delicate to 
endure." — Ibid. 

"I afterwards learned that he was a Mormon who had three wives, and 
intended to have ten when he was able to support them. . . . He was 
a most energetic, untiring, business man — shrev\d and keen, with a reason- 
able share of the moral and religious ; honest, aspiring, ambitious ; a warm 



232 

friend ; courageous and resolute ; just the very kind of a man calculated to 
make an earnest, go-a-head, first-rate, good citizen. . . Yet this man 
lijis three wives and eight children, and he is but thirty years of age. He is 
an honest man — known every^vhere for his honesty. Now, all these wives 
arouse this man to energy, and give an impetus to all his actions. I say 

that he is a good member of society The women harmonize 

with these views, and actually prompt their husbands to get a greater num- 
ber of wives. Their families enjoy themselves more than we do in society. 

I have this from the testimony of those who do not approve of Mormonism 

Dr. Bourne. 

" The green-eyed monster seems to have entirely overlooked the ladies 
of Salt Lake, in his round of terrestrial visitations. Such a thing as a 
spiritual Kilkenny fight is a thing wholly unheard of and unsuspected in the 
annals of Mormonism." — St. Louis Intelligencer. 

" Fi^.r instance, I have (as you see, in all good conscience, founded on the 
word of God) formed family and kindred ties, which are inexpressibly dear 
to me, and which I can never bring my feelings to consent to dissolve. I 
have a good and virtuous husband, whom I love. We have four little chil- 
dren, which are mutually and inexpressibly dear to us. And besides tliis, 
my husband has seven other living wives, and one who has departed to a 
better world. He has in all upwards of twenty-five children. All these 
mothers and children are endeared to me by kindred ties, by mutual affec- 
tion, by acquaintance and association ; and the mothers in particular, by 
mutual and long-continued exercises of toil, patience, long-suffering, and 
sisterly kindness. We all have our imperfections in this life ; but I know 
that these are good and worthy women, and that my husband is a good and 
worthy man : one who keeps the commandments of Jesus Christ, and pre- 
sides in his family like an Abraham. He seeks to provide for them with all 
diligence ; he loves them all, and seeks to comfort them and make them 
happy. He teaches them the commandments of Jesus Christ, and gathers 
them about him in the family circle to call upon his God, both morning and 
evenino". He and his family have the confidence, esteem, goodwill, and 
fellowship of this entire territory, and of a wide circle of acquaintances in 
Europe and America. He is a practical teacher of morals and religion, a 
promoter of general education, and at present occupies an honourable seat 
in the legislative council of this territory." — Mrs. Belinda Harden Pratt. 

John Jaques. 



We have on hand the Standard Works of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day 
Saints, and for sale — 

Book of Mormon, Divine Authenticity of the Book of 

Doctrine and Covenants ^ ^ Mormon 

Voice of Warning Divine Authority of Joseph Smith 

Spencer's Letters Hymn Books 

Joseph the Prophet Milhnnial Star 

Government of God Books of Mormon in German & P'rench. 

Pearl of Great Price 



Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Publislied by A. Farnham, No. 103, ParramHtta-street, vSydney 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

Cfiurcft of f e£(u£i Cljri^t oi Scatter Bay ^aint^, 

IN SYDNEY. 



" HE THAT READETH LET HIM UNDERSTAND. 



Nos. 30-31. THTJRSBAY, MARCH, 15, 1855. Vol. I. 

CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN GEN. JAMES ARLINGTON 
BENNETT, AND GEN. JOSEPH SMITH. 

Arlington House, Oct. 24, 1843. 

" Dear General, — I am happy to know that 7011 have taken 
possession of your new establishment, and presume you will be emi- 
nently successful and happy in it, together with your good lady and 
family. You are no doubt already aware that 1 have had a most in- 
teresting visit from your most excellent and worthy friend. President 
13. Young, w^ith whom I have had a glorious frolic in the clear blue 
ocean ; for most assuredly a frolic it was, wiihout a moment's re- 
flection or consideration. Nothiiig of this kiiid vvould in tiie least 
attach me to your person or cause. I am capable of being a most 
und&vlaiing friend, without being governed by the smallest religious 
influence. 

As you have proved yourself to be a vhilosophical divirip, you 
will excuse me when I say that we must leave this influence to the 
mass. The boldness of your plans and measures, together with their 
unparalleled success, so far, are calculated to throw a charm over 
y(mr whole being, and to point you out as the most extraordinary 
man of the present age. But my mind is of so matliematical and 
philosophical a cast, that the divinity of Moses makes no impression 
on me, and you will not be ojfended when i say that I rate you 
higher as a legislator than I do Moses, because we have yim present 
with us for examination ; whereas Moses derives his chief authority 
from prescription and the lapse of time. \ cannot, however, say but 
you are both rigjjt, it being out of the power of man to prove you 
wrong. It is no mathematical problem, and can therefore get no 
mathematical solutioiL I say, therefore, go a-liead, you have my 
good wishes. You know Mahomet had his '' rujlit hand many 

rhe celebrated Thomas Brown, of New York is now engaged in 
cutting your head on a beautiful eornelion stone, as } our private 



234 

seal, which will be set in gold to your orde'*, and sent to you. It 
will be a gem, and just what you Avant. His sister is a member of 
your church. The expense of this seal set in gold will be about $40, 
and Mr. Brown assures me that if he were not so poor a man he 
would present it to you free. You can, however, accept it or not, 
as he can apply it to another use. I am, myself short for cash, for 
although I had sometime since $2000, paid me by the Harpers, pub- 
lishers, as the first instalment on the purchase ot my copy right, yet 
I had got so much behind during the hard times that it all went to clear 
up old scores. 1 expect 38,000 dols. more, however, in semi-annual 
payments from those gentlemen, within the limits of ten years, a 
large portion of which J intend to use in the State of Illinois, in the 
purchase and conduct of a large tract of land, and therefore should 1 
be compelled to announce, in this quarter that I have no connection 
with the Nauvoo Legion, you will, of course remain silent, as I shall 
do it in such a way as will make all things right. 

1 may yet run for a high office in your state, when you would be 
sure of niy best services in your behalf, therefore a known connec- 
tion v*^ith you would be against our mutual interest. It can be 
shown ilmt a commission in the le-iou was a Herald hoax, coined for 
the kin of it, by me, as it is not believed even now by the public, 
in short 1 expect to be yet, through your influence, Governor of the 
State of Illinois. 

My respects to Brother Young, Richards, Mrs. L- mma, and ah 
friends. 

Yours, most respectfully, 

J AS. ARLINGTON BENNETT. 

LiKUf. Gen. Smith. 

P.S. As the oiiice of inspector general confers no command on 

me, being a mere honorary title, if, therefore, there is any gentleman 

in Nauvoo who would like to fill it in a practical way, 1 shall with 

great pleasure and good will resign it to him, by receiving advice 

from you to that effect. It is an^office that should be filled by some 

scientific olficer. _ 

J. A. B. 



REPL\ . 

Nauvoo, III., Nov. 13, 1843. 
Dkak Sir :— Your letter of the 24th ult., has been regularly received ; 
its contents duly appreciated, and its whole tenor candidly considered ; 
and- acconlmg "to my manner of judging all things in righteou^iess, I pro- 
ceed Lo answer you ;" and shall leave you to nieditate whether raathe- 
iiiatical problems, tbunded upon the truth of revelation, or religion as pro- 
nudgated by me or Moses, crtn be solved by rules and principles existmg m 
the systems of comnjoa knowledge. 



235 

How far you are capable of being ' a most undeviating friend, without 
being governed by the smallest religious influence,' will best be decided by 
your survivors, as all past experience most assuredly proves. Without 
controversy, that friendship, which intelligent beings would accept as sin- 
cere, must arise from love, and tliat love grow out of virtue, which is as 
much a part of religion, as light is a part of Jehovah. Hence the saying of 
Jesus : ' Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life 
for a friend.' 

You observed, ' as I have proven myself to be a philosophical divine, I 
must excuse you, when you say that we must leave these influences to the 
mass.' The meaning of ' philosophical divine,' may be taken in various 
ways. If, as the learned world apply the term, you infer that I have 
achieved a victory, and been strengthened by a scientific religion, as prac- 
ticed by the popular sects of the age, through the aid of colleges, seminaries, 
bible societies, missionary boards, financial organizations, and gospel money 
schemes, then you are wrong ; such a combination of men and means, 
shows a form of godliness without the power ; for is it not written, ' I will 
destroy the wisdom of the wise ; beware lest any man spoil you through 
philosophy and vain deceit, after the rudiments of the world and not after 
the doctrines of Christ?' But if the inference is, that by more love, more 
light, more virtue, and more truth from the Lord, I have succeeded as a 
man of God, then you reason truly ; though the weight of the sentiment is 
lost, when the ''influence is left to the mass.' Do men gather grapes of thorns 
or figs of thistles ? 

Of course you follow out the figure, and say, ' tlie boldness of my plans 
and measures, together with their unparalleled success, so far, are calcu- 
lated to throw a charm over my whole being ; and to point me out as the 
most extraordinary man of the present age.' The boldness of my plans and 
measures, can readily be tested by the touch-stone of all schemes, systems, 
projects, and adventures, — trulh, for truth is*a matter of fact ; and the fact 
is, that by the power of God I translated the Book of ^S'lormon from hiero- 
glyphics ; the knowledge of which was lost to the world ; in which won- 
derful event I stood alone, an unlearned youth, to combat the worldly wis- 
dom, and multiplied ignorance of eighteen centuries, with a new revelation ; 
which, (if they would receive it, the everlasting gospel,) would open the 
eyes of more than eight hundred millions of people, and make' plain the old 
paths,' wherein if a man walk in all the ordinances of God blameless, he 
shall inherit eternal life ; and Jesus Christ, who was, and is, and is to come, 
lias borne me safely over every snare and plan, laid in secret or openly ; 
through priestly hypocrisy, sectarian prejudice, popular philosophy, execu- 
tive power, or law defying mobocracy, to destroy me. 

If, then, the hand of God, in all these things that I have accomplished, 
towards the salvation of a priest-ridden generation, in the short space of 
twelve years, through the boldness of the plan of preaching the gospel, and 
the boldness of the means of declaring repentance and baptism for the remis- 
sion of sins ; and a reception of the Holy Gho«t, by laying on of the hands, 
agreeably to the authority of the priesthood ; and the still more bold mea- 
t res of receiving direct revelation fi-om God, through the Comforter as pro- 
:>used, and by which means all holy men, from ancient times till now, have 
K ^oken and revealed the will of God to men, with the consequent ' success' 



236 

of the gathering of the sai^its, throws any charm around my being and 
• points me out as the most extraordinary man of the age,' it demonstrates 
the fact, that truth is mighty and must prevail ; and that one man empower- 
ed from Jehovah, has more influence with the children of the kingdom, 
than eight hundred millions led by the precepts of men. God exalts the 
humble, and debases the haughty. But let me assure you in the name of 
Jesus, who spake as never man spake, that the ' boldness of the plans and 
measures,' as you term them, but which should be denominated the righte- 
ousness of the cause, the truth of the system, and power of God, which ' so 
far,' has borne me and the church, (in which I glory in having the privilege 
of being a member,) successfully through the storm of reproach, folly, igno- 
rance, malice, persecution, falsehood, sacerdotal wrath, newspaper satire, 
pamphlet libels and the combined influence of the powers of earth and hell, 
I say these powers of righteousness and truth, are not the decrees or rules 
of an ambitious and aspiring Nimrod, Pharaoh, Nebuchadnezzar, Alexander, 
Mahomet, Bonaparte, or other great sounding heroes, that dazzled forth 
with a trail of pomp and circumstances for a little season, like a comet, and 
then disappeared, leaving a wide waste where such an existence once was, 
with only a name : nor were the glorious results of what you term ' bold- 
ness of plans and measures,' with the attendant 'success,' matured by the 
self aggrandizing wisdom of the priests of Baal ; the scribes and Pharisees 
of the Jews ; Popes and Bishops of Christendom ; or pagans of Juggernaut ; 
nor were they extended by the divisions and sub-divisions of a Luther, a 
Calvin, a WecJey, or even a Campbell ; supported by a galaxy of clergy- 
men and churchmen, of whatever name or nature, bound apart by cast iron 
creeds, and fastened to set stakes by chain cable opinions, without revela- 
tion ; nor are they the lions of the land or the leviathans of the sea, moving 
among the elements, as distant chimeras to fatten the fancy of the infidel ; 
but they are as the stone cut out of the mountain without hands, and will 
become a great mountain and fill the whole earth. Where I an Egyptian, I 
would exclaim, Jah-oh-eh, Enish-go-cn-dosh, Flo-ees-Flos~is-is ; [O the 
earth ! the power of attraction, and the moon passing between her and the 
sun.] A Hebrew ; Haueloheem yerau ; a Greek, O Theos phos esi ; a 
Roman, Dominus regit me ; a German, Gott gehe uns das licht ; a Portugee, 
Senhor Jesu Christo e libordade ; a Frenchman, Dieu defend le droit ; jjut 
as I am, I give God the glory, and say in the beautiful figure of the 
poet : \ 

' Could we with ink the ooean fill ; 

Was the whole earth of parchment made ; 

And every single stick a quill ; 

And every nicin a scribe by trade, 

To write the love of God above, ■* 

Would drain the ocean dr}- ; 

Nor could the whole upon a scroll, 

Be spread from sky to sky.' 

It seems that your mind is of such ' a mathematical and philosophical cast,' 
that the divinity of Moses makes no impression upon you, and that I will 
not be offended when you say, that you rate me higher as a legislator, than 
you do Moses, because you have me present with you for examination ;' 
that' Moses derives his chief authority from prescription and the lapse of 
time ; you cannot however say, but we are both right, it being out of the 



237 

power of man to prove us wrong. It is no mathematical problem, and can 
therefore get no mathematical solution.' 

Now, sir, to cut the matter short, and not dally with your learned ideas, 
for fashion's sake, you have here given your opinion, without reserve, that 
revelation, the knowledge of God, prophetic vision, the truth of eternity, 
cannot be solved as a mathematical problem. The first question then is, 
what is a mathematical problem ? and the natural answer is, a statement, 
proposition or question that can be solved, ascertained, unfolded or demon- 
strated, by knowledge, facts or figures, for ' mathematical' is an adjective 
derived from Mathesis (gr.) meaning in English, learning or knowledge. 
'Problem' is derived from jcroWeme, (French,) or problema. (Latin, Italian 
or Spanish) and in each language means a question or proposition, whether 
true or false. ' Solve' is derived from the Latin verb, solvo, to explain or 
answer. One thing more in order to prove the work as we proceed ; it is 
necessary to have witnesses, two or three of whose testimonies, according to 
the laws or rules of God and man, are sufficient to establish any one 
point. 

Now for the question. How much are one and one ? Two. How 
much is one from two ? One. Very well, one question, or problem is 
solved by figures. Now let me ask one for facts : was there ever such a 
place on the earth as Egypt? Geography says yes; ancient history says 
yes ; and the bible says yes. So three witnesses have solved that question. 
Again, lived there ever such a man as Moses in Egj^pt ? The same wit- 
nesses reply certainly. And was he a prophet ? The same witnesses, or a 
part have left on record, that Moses predicted in Leviticus that if Israel 
broke the covenant they had made, the Lord would scatter them among the 
nations, till the land enjoyed her Sabbaths ; and subsequently these wit- 
nesses have testified of their captivity in Babylon, and other places, in fulfil- 
ment. But to make assurance doubly sure, Moses prays that the ground 
might open and swallov>^ up Korali and his company for transgression, and it 
was so : and he endorses the prophesy of Balaam, which said, out of Jacob 
shall come, he that shall have dominion, and shall destroy him that reraaineth 
of the city ; and Jesus Christ, as him that ' had dominion,' about fifteen 
hundred years afler, in accordance with this and the prediction of Moses, 
David, Isaiah, and many others, came, saying ; Moses wrote of me, declar- 
ing the dispersion of the Jews, and the utter deslniction of the 'city ;' and 
the apostles were his vvitnesses, unimpeaclied, especially Jude, who not only 
endjises tlie facts of Moses 'divinity,' but also the events of Balaam, and 
Korah with many others, as true. Besides these tangible facts, so easily 
proven and demonstrated by simple rules and testimony unimpeached, the 
art (now lost) of embalming human bodies, and preserving- them in the cata- 
combs of Egypt, whereby men, women and children as mummies, after a 
lapse of near three thousand five hundred years come forth among the living, 
and although dead, the papvrus which has lived in their bosoms, unharmed, 
speaks for them, in language like the sound of an earthquake : Ecce Veritas! 
Ecce cadeveros ! Behold the truth ! Behold tlie mummies ! Oh my dear 
sir, the Sunken- Tyre and Sidon, the melancholy dust where ' the city' ot 
Jerusalem once was, and the mourning of the Jews among the nations, to- 
gether with such a ' cloud of witnesses,' if you had been as well acquainted 
with your God and Bible, as w ith your purse and pence table, the * divinity' 



238 

of Moses would have dispelled the fog of five thousand years, and filled 
you with light ; for facts, like diamonds, not only cut glass, but they are 
the most precious jewels on earth. The spirit of prophesy is the testimony 
of Jesus. 

The world at large, is ever ready to credit the writings of Homer, Hesiod, 
Plutarch, Socrates, Pythagoras, Virgil, Josephus, Mahomet, and an hundred 
others, but where, tell me where, have they left a line, a simpel method of 
solving the truth of the plan of eternal life ? Says the Savior, ' if any man 
will do his (the Father's) will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be 
of God, or whether I speak of myself.' Here then is a method of solving 
the ' divinity' of men by the divinity within yourself, that as far exceeds the 
calculation of numbers, as the sun exceeds a candle. Would to God that 
all men understood it, and were willing to be governed by it, that when one 
had filled the measure of his days, he could exclaim like Jesus, ' veni, mori, 
et reviviscere !' 

Your good wishes to ' go ahead' coupled with Mahomet and a ' right 
hand man,' are rather more vain than virtuous. Why, sir, Caesar had his 
right hand Brutus, who was his ' left hand' assassin, not however applying 
the allusion to you. 

As to the private seal you mention, if sent to me, I shall receive it with 
the gratitude of a servant of God, and pray that the donor may receive a 
reward in the resurrection of the just. 

The summit of your future fame seems to be hid in the political policy of 
a mathematical problem' for the chief magistracy of this state, which I sup- 
pose miglit be solved by ' double position,' where the errors of the supposi- 
tion are used to produce a true answer. 

Buc, sir, when 1 leave the dignity and honor I received from heaven, to 
boast a man into power, through the aid of my friends, where the evil and 
designing, after the object has been accomplished, can lock up the clemency 
intended as a reciprocation for such favors : and where the wicked and un- 
principled, as a matter of course, would seize the opportunity, to flintify the 
iiearts of the ualion against me for dabbling at a sly game in politics ; verily, 
1 say, wiien I leave the dignity and honor of heaven, to gratify the ambition 
and vanity of man or men, may my power cease, like the strength of Samson, 
when he was shorn of his locks, while asleep in the lap of Delilah. Truly 
said the Savior, cast not your pearls before swine, lest they trample them 
under their feet and turn again and rend you. 

Shall 1 who have witnessed the visions of eternity ; and beheld the glories 
of the mansions of bliss ; and the regions and the misery of the damned ; 
shall I turn to be a Judas ? Shall I who have heard the voice of God, 
and communed with angels ; and spake and moved by the Holy Ghost for 
the renewal of the everlasting covenant, and for the gathering of Israel in the 
iasit days ; shall I worm myself into a political hypocrite ? Shall I who hold 
tlie keys of the last kiiigdom ; in which is the dispensation of the fulness of 
all things spoken by the months of ail the holy prophets, since the world 
began ; under the sealing poA er of the Melchesedek priesthood ; shall I stoop 
from the sublime authority of Almighty God, to be handled as a monkey's 
cat's paw ; and pettify myself into a clown to act the farce of political 
demagoguery 1 No, verily no. The whole earth shall bear me witness 
that I, like the towering rock in the midst of the ocean, which has withstood 



239 

the mighty surges of the warring waves for centuries, am impregnahley and 
am a faithful friend to virtue, and a fearless foe to vice ; no odds, whether 
the former was sold as a pearl in Asia, or hid as a gem in America ; and 
the latter dazzles in palaces, or glimmers among the tombs. 

I combat the errors of ages ; I meet the violence of mobs ; I cope with 
illegal proceedings from executive authority ; I cut the Gordian knot of 
powers ; and I solve mathematical problems of Universities : WITH 
TRUTH, diamond truth, and God is my ' right hand man.' 

And to close, let me say in the name of Jesus Christ to you, and to presi- 
dents, emperors, kings, queens, governors, rulers, nobles, and men in autho- 
rity every where, do the works of righteousness, execute justice and judg- 
ment in the earth, that God may bless you, and her inhabitants ; and 

The laurel that grows on the t^p of the mountain, 
Shall green for your fame while the sun sheds a ray ; 

And the lily that blows by the side of the fountain, 
Will bloom for your virtue till earih melts away. 

With due consideration and respect, 

I have the honor to be vour most ob't serv't. 

JOSEPH SMITH. 
Gen. J as. Arlington Bennett, Arlington House, N. Y. 
P. S. The Court Martial will attend to your case in the Nauvoo Le- 
gion. — Voice of Truth. J. S. 



EXTRACT FROM THE DESERET NEWS. 



DISCOURSE 

By President Heber C. Kimball, Tabernacle. G. S. L. City, Apiil2,l85i, 
I have been much interested and edified with the remarks of br. Grant ; 
they are good. I wish this whole people could see the pro];)riety of these 
things as they ought. To me it would be one ot the best and most joytui 
things in the world, if men and women who call themselves Mormons, or 
Latter Day Saints, would live up to their profession, and learn to speak the 
truth as it is in Jesus Christ, and do his will on the eartli as it is done in 
heaven. 

I ask you, brethren and sisters, if you expect to go into heaven if you do 
not do his will on earth as it is done in heaven ? Can tiiose persons who 
pursue a course of carelessness, neglect of duty, and disobedience, when 
they depart from this life, expect that their spirits will associate with the 
spirits of the righteous in the spirit world ? l do not expect it, and when 
you depart from this state of existence, you will find it out for yourselves. 
Br. Grant was speaking about the work of God, in the laying waste of 
nations by sea and by land. I believe it is all the work of CTod, and it is 
all right. Will he sweep them from the earth in order to destroy their 
power and influence ? He will. And when kings, and princes, and cap- 
tains, and great men, according to the greatness of the world, go into the 
world of spirits, they will not have as nmch power as they had here upon 
the earth. — We can hear of their spirits trying to peep, and nuitter, and 



240 

rnock, and rap, and cause tables to dance, and chairs to move from one place 
to another, but that is all the power they have. 

While I am in the flesh, I can take a chair, or a club and make you feel 
my power to a still greater extent ; I could bruse your flesh, and break your 
bones, but they cannot do anything but peep, and make tables and chairs 
dance, and rap, and give uncertain sounds. That is wisdom great enough 
for the world ; it does well enough for them ; it is all the revelation they 
deserve ; and a few of this people go to those spirits. That man or women 
who will not learn the principle of subjection, and become like clay in the 
hands of the potter, will be led astray by those spirits ; and if not by these 
spirits, something will come by and by with more power. 

The Saints are receiving their endowment, and pepairing for that which is 
in the future ; to dwell in the heavens, and sit upon thrones, and reign over 
kingdoms, and dominions, principalities, and powers ; and as this work pro- 
gresses, the work of Satan will increase, and he will continue to present 
one thing after another, following up the work of God, and increasing means 
of deception, to lead astray such men and women, and take them captive. 
As the work of God increases in power and extent upon the earth, so will 
the works of Satan increase. I expect that tribulation wiii be upon the 
wicked, and continue from this time until they are swept off from the earth. 
I just as nmch expect these things as I do to see the sun rise and set 
to-morrow. 

I would like to see all this people do right, and keep the commandments 
of (iod. I v.ould like to see them fulfil their covenants, and live up to their 
vows and promises, and fulfil their obligations, for they have obligated them- 
selves before God, and before angels, and before earthly witnesses, that they 
should do this. 

What you have agreed to do. God will require you to perform, if it should 
be ten thousand years after this time. And when the servants of God speak 
to you, and require you to do a thing, the Lord God will fulfil his words, 
and make you fulfil his words he gave to you thro' his servants. — Inasmuch 
as you have come into this church, and made a covenant to forsake the world, 
and cleave unto the Lord, and keep his commandments, the Lord will 
compel you to do it, if it should be in ten thousand years from this time. — 
These are my viev.s, and I know it will be so. 

Comparing us to clay that is in the hands of the potter, if tliat clay is 
passive, I have power as a potter, to mould it and to make it into a vessel 
unto honor. Who is to mould these vessels ? Is it God himself in person, 
oris it his servants, his potters, his journe;yraen, in company with those he 
has placed to oversee the work ? I'he greater Master Potter dictates his 
servants, and it is for them to carry out his purposes, and m.ake vessels 
according to his designs ; and when they have done the work, they deliver 
it up to the Master for his acceptance ; and if their works are not good he 
d jes not accept them ; the only v/orks that he accepts, are those prepared 
according to the design h& gave. God will not be trifled with ; neither will 
])is servants ; their words have got to be fulfilled, and they are the men that 
are to mould you, and tell you what shape to m^ove in. 

I do not know that I can compare it better than to the potter's business. 
It forms a good comparison. This is the course you must pursue, and I 
know of no other way that God has prepared for you to become sanctified. 



241 

and moulded, and fashioned, until you become modeled to the likeness of 
the Sun of God by those who are placed to lead you. This is a lesson you 
have to learn as well as myself. 

When I know that I am doing just as I am told by him who is placed to 
lead this people, I am then a happy man ; I am filled with peace, and can 
go about my business with joy and pleasure ; I can lie down and rise again 
in peace, and be filled with gladness, by night and by day. But when I 
have not done the things that are right, my conscience gnaws upon my feel- 
ings. This is the course for me to take. If it is the course for me to take, 
it is t^e course for every other elder in Israel to take — it does not matter 
who he is, or where he came from ; whether he be an American, an English- 
man, Irishman, Frenchman or German, Jew or Gentile, to this you have 
got to bow, and you have got to bow down like the clay in the hands of the 
potter, that suffers the potter to- mould it according to his own pleasure. 
You have all got to come to this ; and if you do not come to it at this time, 
as sure as ever the sun rose and set, you will be cut from the wheel, and 
thrown back into the mill. 

You have come from the mill, and you have been there grinding. For 
what purpose ? To bring you into a passive condition. You have been 
gathered from the nations of the earth, from among the kindreds, tongues, 
and peoples of the world, to the valley of the Great Salt Lake, to purify, 
and sanctify yourselves, and become like the passive clay in the hands of 
the potter. Now suppose I subject myself enough, in the hands of the 
potter, to be shaped according as he was dictated by the Great Master 
potter, that rules over all things in heaven and on earth, he would make me 
into a vessel of honor. 

There are many vessels that are destroyed after they have been moulded 
and shaped. Why? — Because they are not contented with the shape the 
potter has given them, but straightway put themselves into a shape to please 
themselves ; — therefore they are beyond understanding what God designs, 
and they destroy themselves by the power of their own agency, for this is 
given to every man and woman, to do just as they please. That is all riglit, 
and all just. Well then, you have to go thro' a great many mouldings, and 
shapes, then you have to be glazed, and burned ; and even in the burning, 
some vessels crack — What makes them crack ? Because they are snappish ; 
they would not crack if they were not snappish, and wilful. 

If you go into the potteries in Staffordshire, England, wliere the finest 
chinaware is manufactured, you will see them take the coarsest materials 
about the pottery, and make a thing in the shaj^e of a half bushel ; they put 
the finest ware in these to secure it from danger in the burning operation. 
All the fine ware made in Europe, and in China, is burnt in these kind of 
vessels. After they are done with, they are cast away — they are vessels of 
wrath fitted for destruction. So God takes the wicked, and makes them 
protect the righteous, in the process of sanctifying, and burning, and puri- 
fying, and preparing them, and making them fit for the Master's use. 

These saggers, as they are called, are compounded of refuse articles that 
have been cast out ; so even they are good for something. Thus wicked are 
of use, for they are a rod in the hands of the Almighty to scourge the righ- 
teous, and prepare them for their Master's use, that they may enter into the 
celestial world, and be crowned with glory in his presence. 



242 

Brethren who hold the Priesthood, how do you like to rebel against those 
who are placed over you in the Priesthood, to rule and guide you in the 
proper way ? You Bishops, or Presiding Elder, Teacher, Deacon, Apostle, 
or Prophet, how do you appear when you rebel against your head ? You 
look like the woman who rebels against her husband, or Lord. It also 
makes the children as bad as the parents ; for if the parents are rebellious 
against their superiors, the children will be rebellious against their parents. 
Because the parents do not pursue a proper course, God makes their chil- 
dren a scourge to them. 

Parents, if you do not listen to counsel, and walk in the path the Priest- 
hood marks out, the Lord will prepare a scourge for you, if it is in your own 
family, to chasten you, and bring you to a knowledge of the truth, that you 
may be humble and penitent, and keep the commandments of God. 

Do you expect to have peace and plenty, to continue to thrive, and in- 
crease in property, in life, in herds, in flocks, and in the comforts of this 
life, while you are disobedient to those placed over you ? You may for a 
season, but there is a rod preparing for the rebellious, and the righteous will 
have to suffer with the guilty. I know that by experience. 

I will tell you another thing that I know. — While the righteous are taking 
the rod along with the wicked, and it comes upon them severely, (I have 
passed thro' it many times) they have joy, and peace, and consolation, and 
the Spirit of the Lord God rests mightily upon them, and is round about 
them, and they say in the midst of it all " we are determined by the help of 
God to keep his commandments, and by his help to do the will of our Pre- 
sident." For if there is no man on God's footstool that will stand by hiiu, 
and assist him, I am determined to do all that lies in my power to sustain 
him while I am upon the earth. 

My prayer is, O Lord help me to do thy will, and walk in the footstep*, 
of m.y leader, light up my path, and help me to walk so that my feet may 
never slip, and to keep my tongue from speaking guile ; that I may never 
be left to betray my brethren, who hold the Priesthood of the Son of God ; 
but that I may always honor that Priesthood, magnify it, reverence it, 
and love it more than I do my life, or my wives, and my children. If 
I do that, I know the Priesthood will honor me, and exalt me, and 
bring me back into the presence of God, and also ihose who 
listen to my counsel as I listen to the counsel of him whose right it is to 
dictate me. If Br. Brigham should get a Revelation containing the will of 
God concerning his servant Heber, it would be, " let my servant Heber do 
all things whatsover my servant Brigham shall require at his hands, for that 
is the will of his Father in heaven." If that is the will of God concerning 
me, what is the will of God concerning you ? It is the same. 

Brethren of the Priesthood, let us rise up in the name of Israel's God, and 
dispense with everything that is not of God, and let us become 
one, even as the Father and the Son are one. If we 
take that course we shall triumph over hell, the grave, and over everything 
else that shall oppose our onward progress in earth, or in hell ; there is 
nothing we need fear. I fear nothing only to grieve my Father who is in 
heaven, and my brethren who are upon the earth. 



243 
AMERICAN EXTRACTS. 



INTERESTING DISCOVERY. 

A NEW QUESTION FOR HISTORICAL SOCIETIES, CONCERNING THE 
ANTIQUITIES OF AMERICA. 

(Continued from page 215.) 

Yesterday, we were surveying near the brow of the range of hills 
which makes up from this gap. The air was piercing and chilly, and 
tilled with driving snow. Suddenly, the sun closed in, and rain, 
mingled with hail, drove us to seek a shelter. There was no house 
or sign of human habitation within eight miles of us. Capt. Edwards, 
who leads our party, had met with a severe sprain during the early 
part of the day, and was incapable of exerting himself; from this cause 
he suffered severly. While painfully tracing our way in quest of 
shelter, Mr. Sam. Emerson, my companion and chum, discovered a 
cleft in the side of the mountain, which could be approached very 
easly, and would afford a sufficient retreat for our party. We reached 
the spot, and stowed ourselves as closily as possible. VVe were 
protected, both from the wind and storm. The reaction of ^ur feelings 
and the sudden rash of blood to the surface, which always follows 
exposure like to that to which we had been subjected, caused us, in 
a short time to be very comfortable. 

Emerson, who never can be long quiet, began to explore every side 
and corner of our retreat, lie noticed a large flat stone, which sound- 
ed hollow as he struck it. It appeared to be lying upon the ground, 
disconnected with any other rock. Besides, his quick eye detected 
that the stone was of a different character from the natural formation 
of the mountain. This was enough to excite his curiosity. With 
the help of myself and another, the stone, which was lying at an 
angle, was removed, and we found an aperture beneath, lined with 
rude steps. This was a spur to further explorations. After half an 
hour's rather hard work we succeeded in making an opening suffi- 
ciently large to afford an entrance. 

Before us lay a cave. Emerson would have entered it at once, 
but Capt. Edwards restrained him until such times as ventilation 
would render it safe. Emerson went in first ; I followed, and the 
rest came after us. After descending seven steps, the aperture 
widening all the way, we found ourselves in a spacious cave, with 
the roof ascending until it reached a height of nearly forty feet. The 
size ol the chamber was by actual measurement, ninety-four feet 
long, and sixty-three (eet at its widest part. Beyond this, another 
flight of steps, seemingly deeper than the first, extended to another 
chamber, but we have not yet explored it. What lay beyond the 
first room, to what extent the cave reaches or what it contains, re- 
mains to be seen. But, judging from what we have already dis- 
covered, the investigations that are to be made will possess the most 



244 

overpowering interest. When we had been in the cave long enough 
to accommodate our eyes to the dim light furnished by the opening 
we had made, we began to make our observations. We were filled 
with astonishment at what lay before us. The cave or grotto had 
evidently been used as a hiding-place ior treasure and a place for con- 
cealment by those who had used it. Implements of defence lay in 
groups upon one side. They were of an exceeding antique form. 
Hoar antiquity rested upon every article before us. The dust of ages 
had settled down upon all things in the cave. 

In one corner w^e found three earthern vessels of singular con- 
struction and shape. These were filled with coin, of silver, brass, 
and iron — but mostly of brass — of various shapes. The coin bore no 
image, were coarsely, but most curiously, wrought ; and Captain 
Kdwards, who boasts some knowledge of coins, declares them to be 
entirely unlike anything which he had ever seen or read of, and of a 
very ancient date. 

But the most singular and interesting discovery of all, consists in 
our having found, in a niche, several rolls and packets, composed of 
a material entire! v unknown to us, upon whicli were inscribed figures 
and characters, the meaning of which, as yet, we have not been able 
to determine upon, or make out the nation or date to which they may 
have belonged. 

We go to-morrow to the cave, having made ample preparations 
for explorirg its utmost extent. We take with us provisions for a 
week, and bedding for our accommodation. We shall occupy the 
chamber already discovered. Captain Edwards is so deeply in- 
terested in the investigation before him, that he has abandoned, for 
a week at least, his surveying expedition. He is filled with the 
highest hopes, and, although a cold and unimpressive man in the 
ordinary concerns of life, he is now animated with the greatest 
enthusiasm. 

Conversing on the topic this afternoon, he declares his belief that 
both the coins and the scrolls have a date anterior to the Chris- 
tian era. If this be so, we certainly have a clue that will condvirt 
us to an inquiry that has hitherto been clouded in mystery and the 
silence of the grave, -" W^hat was the condition of this country cen- 
turies ago, and who inhabited it?" It cannot be supposed that this 
vast continent has been permitted to be a howling wiMerness for so 
many thousand years ; or that our mighty rivers have flowed through 
rich and fertile valleys since the creation, without the intelligence 
of man to sound the praises of the Lord and Maker of them all. 

Capt. Rdwards has forwarded a small quantity of the coin, and a 
scroll of the manuscript^ to his brother, Cornelius [1. i dwards, l':sq., 
of Philadelphia, but now residing in your city at the Exchange Coffee 
House, with a request that he would lay them before the learned and 
scientific men of Boston, and also before the faculty of Harvard Uni- 



245 

yersity. His letter and package will doubtless reach the city by the 
same conveyance that brings you this, and I recommend you to call 
upon him and view the curiosities of our cave. Besides, he may 
have other and more minute descriptions from Capt. Edwards him- 
self, than I am able, in this hurried letter, to give. You may depend 
upon hearing from me next Sabbath, on our return to this place. 
We have a mail but once a week, which passes every Wednesday, so 
you may expect to hear from me more at length, by Thursday night 
of next week. — Boston Herald. 

I remain, 

Yours, &c., 

Chakles G. Pkoctor. 

In 1832, a Mr. Furguson communicated the following to the Christian 
Advocate and Journal, it is also to be found on the 169th page of his work 
on American Antiquities. 

" On a Mountain called Xook-out Mountain belonging to the vast Allegany 
chain, rvmning between the Tennessee and Coos rivers, arising about^one 
thousand feet above the surrounding valley. The top of the mountain is 
mostly level, but presents to the eye an almost barren waste. On this rano-e 
notwithstanding its height, a river has its source and after traversino^ it for 
about seventy miles, plunges over a precipice. The rocks from which the 
water falls is circular, and juts over considerably ; immediately below the 
fall, on each side of tlie river, are bluffs, which rise about two hundred feet. 
Around one of these bluffs, the river makes a bend, which gives it the form 
of a peninsula ; on the top of this are the remains of what is esteemed for- 
tifications, which consist of a stone wall built on the very brow of this tre- 
mendous ledge. The whole length of the wall, following the very course 
of the brink, this precipice is thirty seven rods and eighteen feet, including 
about two acres of ground ; the only decent from this place is between two 
rocks, for about thirty feet, when a bench of the ledge presents itself from 
two to five feet in width, and ninety feet long. This bench is the only road 
or path up from the waters edge to the summit, but just at the foot of the 
two rocks where they reach Uiis path, and within thirty feet of the top of the 
rock, are five rooms, which have been ibrmedby dint of labor ; the entrance 
to these rooms is very small, but when within they are found to communicate 
with each other by doors or appertures." 

Mr. Furguson thinks them to have been constructed during some dreadful 
war, and those who constructed them to have acted on the defensive ; and 
believes that twenty men could have withstood the whole army of Xerxes 
as it was impossible for more than one to pass at a time, and might by the 
slightest push, be hurled at least an himdred and fifty feet down the rocks. 

In the Book of Mormon, 3rd European Ed., page 434, we read, and it 
came to pass that the ninety and third year (of therein of the judges over the 
people of Nephi,) did also pass away in peace, save it was for the Gadianton 
robbers, who dwelt upon the mountains, who did infest the land ; for so 
strong were their holds and their secret places, that the people could not 
overpower them ; therefore they did commit many n:urders, and did so 
much slaughter among the people. On the 436th page it recorded that 



246 

these robbers increased, that they slew many of the people, laid cities waste, 
spread death and carnage throughout the land, and that it became expedient 
that all the people, both the Nephites and the Lamanites should take up 
arms against them after which it is said, " And it came to pass in the com- 
mencement of the fourteenth year, (after the sign given of the birth of 
Christ), the war between the robbers and the people of Nephi did continue, 
and did become exceedingly sore ; nevertheless the people of Nephi did 
gain some advantage of the robbers, in so much, that they did drive them 
back out of their lands into the mountains and into their secret places," page 
439 " And it came to pass in the latter end of the eighteenth year, those 
armies of robbers had prepared for battle, and began to come down and 
to sally forth from the hills, and out of the mountains, and the wilderness, 
and their strong holds, and their secret places, and began to take possession 
of the land. On the 441 and 442 pages we are informed how these robbers 
were destroyed ; it was by a stratagem, a part of the Nephite armies getting 
between the robbers and their secret places and strong holds, by which they 
were cut of in their retreat. 

This in connexion with the preceding account i^n evidence of the truth of 
the book of Mormon, for mark, this discovery did not take place until two 
years after the publication of the book of Mormon, so that the account of these 
robbers with their strong holds and secret places, could not have been made 
through a previous acquaintance, with the country, since then discoveries are 
being almost continually made, that confirm the fact that the unlearned 
Joseph Smith did positively translate the Book of Mormon, the Lord through 
him performing a " marvelous work and a wonder," causing the " wisdom 
of their wise men to perish, and the understanding of their prudent men to 
bo hid." 



GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. 
A letter has been received from Elder William Cooke, dated Karori, 
near Wellington, New Zealand, January 30th, 1855. The condition 
of that field of labor still appears favourable ; many enquiring, pros- 
pects good, hoped soon to organize a branch; the details of his labors 
will appear in our next. He also gives an account of the earthquake 
that took place on the 23rd, at a quarter after nine p. m. ; he des- 
cribes the first and most voilent shocks as having continued for about 
two minutes, and that the earth rolled like the waves of the sea, and 
that it was with difficulty that he could keep his ket. When he as- 
certained that it was an earthquake he felt in the name of the Lord 
to assure the faiiiiiy who were in the house with him that inasmuch 
as they remained together with him there should no harm befall 
them ; thus, whilst the generality of the inhabitants fled from their 
dwellings, and sought safety in tents, this family of Saints remained 
secure in their dwelling, although minor shocks continued to take 
place ; they sat up all the night singing Hymns, &c. 

A few " Deseret News " have been received ; things are going on 
well in the valley. The foundation of the Temple is progressing. 
The immigration was coming in. There had been a good supply of 



247 

general stores ; some of the brethren have opened stores : brother 
Horner is particularly alluded to in a leader, -he having fell prices, 
which has influenced others ; an old firm has made a still further re- 
duction, thus it appears that supplies are on the increase, and that 
prices are declining, the advantages being on the side of the J^aints. 
We have alluded to this state of things in consequence of the report 
that has been circulated by the press, that there has been a scarcity 
of supplies ; and also that the authorities interfered to create exhor- 
bitant prices. We have also been privileged with a sight of a letter 
from an accomplished lady, who is connected with the most wealthy 
and influential members of the Methodist body in Leeds, England, who 
being with her husband and family on their way to California, she 
and the family stoped at the S. Lake, her husband going on to Cali- 
fornia, she embraced the Faith, and united with the Church of God. 

Her husband afterwards came on to this place, where he also 
obeyed the Gospel, and was ordained an Elder, and is now preaching 
the Gospel in New Zealand ; in a letter to her husband, she alludes 
to the improved state of the market, in favour of the purchasers, 
owing to tlie brethren having entered into competition with the 
Gentiles. 

Surely it will not be denied but, that after a residence of five 
years in the valley, and our having sojurned with the church for a 
number of years, that we must have a knowledge of the state and 
condition of tlie inhabitants of the territory of Utah, and of the state 
of feeling of the authorities towards the saints. We knov/ from our 
own experience, that the reports alluded to are lies, and the reason 
that they are poured forth with such malignity, and embraced with 
such eagerness, has been very plainly and forcibly disclosed by the 
Saviour, when he said in reference to his Saints, ''the world hateth 
you because you aie not of the world; if ye were of the world the 
world would love its own. 

The " Empire," from the commencement of the present year, has 
now and then been stained with extracts from Ferris' Utah. A copy 
of our last issue containing an Epistle of the first President, to the 
Saints in Australia ; A description of the Temple ; An account of the 
Bills passed in Congress in favour of the Territory of Utah; also an 
article copied from the Millinnial Star, headed "Ferris' Utah and the 
Mormons weighed in the Balances," was sent to the conductors of the 
public press in this city. But none of them has dared to give a single 
extract therefrom. How is this — It is not m accordance with the 
principles of truth, honesty, and Justice. Do they know that they 
have either been lying themselves, or that they have been imposed 
upon by others ; and are they afraid to confess either their wickedness 
or their ignorance ; are they determined (so far as their influence goes) 
to crush Mormonism, though it should be at the expense of Qs^ry 
principle of integrity and uprighteousness. We would remind them 



248 

of the statement of one of old, who wrote, " 1 have seen the wicked 
in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree. Yet he 
passeth away, and, lo, he was not ; yet I sought him, but he could 
not be found. Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright : for 
the end of that man is peace. But the transgressors shall be destroyed 
together : the end of the wicked shall be cut off. But the salvation 
of the righteous, if of the Lord, he is their strength in time of trouble. 
And the Lord shall help them and deliver them : he shall deliver them 
from the ivicked. and save them because Uiey trust in him. 

Since our last issue we have visited the Victoria Conference ; we 
found the saints all well, their hearts and interests being fixed for 
Zion. We found it wisdom to give instructions for gathering up a 
company to depart from Melbourne. President Frost has gone to 
Adelaide to bring up the saints from that place. We would again 
remind the saints that we shall give them instructions by letter, or 
shall visit them for that end, whenever it is arranged for a company 
to depart from this colony. 

As the press are continually calling the prophet Joseph, ignorant, 
impostor, rogue, &c., we have been led to give his correspondence 
with John Harlington Bennett, of INew York, a place in this number, 
being satisfied that the honest reader will find in the prophet's 
answers, that expression of manly virtue ; that true nobility of soul 
and uprightness and integrity of heart, that will ever win the love 
and esteem of the good and virtuous. There is in it that plain and 
pointedness of language which always characterize the writings of 
inspiration, by which sin can be pungently rebuked ; the way of truth 
and righteousness made so plain and clear, " That a wayfaring man 
though a fool need not err therein," how much less then the educated 
and the intelligent. Me feel assured that its influence will not be lost 
either upon the saints or the honest reader. 

Our next will contain the prophets last public discourse. 

Our annual conference will take place on Sunday, April 1st, at 
which, we invite the attendance of Saints and friends. 



We have on hand the Standard Works of the Church of Jesus Clirist of Latter-Day 
Saints, and for sale — 



Book of Mormon, 
Doctrine and Covenants 
Voice, of Warning 
Spencer's Letters 
Joseph the Prophet 
Government of God 
Pearl of Great Price 



Divine Authenticity of the Book of 

Mormon 
Divine Authority of Joseph Smith 
Hymn Books 
Millinnial Star 
Books of Mormon in German & French* 



Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Published bv A. Favnliam, No. 103, Parrainatta-street, Svdnev. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY TilE AUTHORITY OF THE 

Cfiurcfi of ^tm^ €i)vi^t of Hatter^lBay faints!, 

IN SYDNEY. 



Nos. 32-33. THUESDAY, APEIL, 12, 1855. Vol. I. 

Joseph Smith's Last Sermon delivered at the April 
Conference, 1844. 

Beloved Saints : — My subject is the dead ; on the decease of our 
Brother Follett, who was crushed to death in a well ; I have been requested 
to speak, by his friends and relatives, and inasmuch as there are a great 
many in this congregation who live in this city, as well as elsewhere, and 
who have lost friends, I feel disposed to speak on the subject in general, 
and offer you my ideas so far as I have ability, and so far as I shall be in- 
spired by the Holy Spirit to dwell on this subject. I want your prayers 
and faith, the instruction of Almighty God and the gift ot the Holy Ghost, 
that I may set forth things that are true, that can easily be comprehended, 
and shall carry the testimony to your hearts ; pray that the Lord may 
strengthen my lungs, stay the winds and let the prayers of the saints to 
heaven appear that they may enter into the ear of the Lord of Sabbaoth ; for 
the effectual prayers of righteous men availeth much, and I verily believe 
that your prayers shall be heard before I enter into the investigation fully 
of the subject that is laying before me. Before entering fully into the inves- 
tigation, I wish to pave the way : I will make a few preliminaries, in order 
that you may understand the subject when I come to it. I do not calculate 
to please your ears with superfluity of words or oratory, or with much 
learning ; but I calculate to edify you with the simple truths from heaven. 
In the first place, I wish to go back to the beginning of creation ; there is 
the starting point, in order to be fully acquainted with the mind, purposes, 
decrees, &c., of the gieat Eloheim, that sits in yonder heavens, it is neces- 
sary for us to have an understanding of God himselt in the beginning. If 
we start right, it is easy to go right all the time ; but if we start wrong, it 
is a hard matter to get right. There are a very few beings in the world 
who understand rightly the character of God. They do not comprehend 
anything, that which is past, or that whicli is to come ; and consequently, 
but little above the brute beast. If a man learns notliing more than to eat, 
drink, sleep, and does not comprehend any of the designs of God, the beast 
comprehends the same thing ; it eats, drinks, sleeps, knows nothing more ; 
yet knows as much as we, unless we are able to comprehend by the inspira- 
tion of Almighty God. I want to go back to the beginning, and so lift 
your minds into a more lofly sphere, a more exalted understanding, than 



250 

what tlie iiunian mind generally understands. I want to ask this eongrega- 
tion, every man, woman and child, to answer the question in their own 
heart, what kind of a being is God ? Ask yourselves. I again repeat the 
question, what kind of a being is God ? Does any man or woman know ? 
have any of you seen him, heard him, comm.uned with him ? Here is the 
question that will peradventure from this time henceforth occupy your 
attention. The apostle says this is eternal life, to know God and Jesus 
Christ, whom he has sent. If any man enquire what kind of a being is God, 
if he will search diligently his own heart, if the declaration of the apostle be 
true, he will realize that he has not eternal life, there can be eternal life on 
no other principle. My first object is, to find out the character of the only 
wise and true God, and if I shovdd be the man to comprehend God, and 
explain or convey the principles to your hearts so that the spirit seals it 
upon you, let every man and woman henceforth put their hand *on their 
moutli and never say anything against the man of God again ; but if I fail, 
it becomes my duty to renounce all my pretensions to revelations, inspira- 
tions, &c., and if all are pretensions to God, they will all be as bad off as I 
am at any rate. There is not a man but w^ould breathe out an anathema, 
if they knew I was a false prophet ; and some would feel authorised to take 
away my life. If any man is authorised to take away my life, who says I 
am a false teacher ; then upon the same principle am I authorised to take 
away the life of every false teacher, and where would be the end of blood, 
and who would not be the fuffeier. But no man is authorised to take away 
life in consequence of their religion ; which all laws and governments ought 
to tolerate, right or wrong. If I show verily, that I have the truth of God, 
and show that ninety -nine out of a hundred are false teachers, while they 
pretend to hold the keys of God, and to kill them because they are false 
teachers, it would deluge the whole world with blood. I want you all to 
know God, to be familiar with him, and if I can bring you to him, all per- 
secutions against me will cease ; you will know that I am his servant, for I 
speak as one having authority. What sort of a being was God in the begin- 
ning ? Open your ears and hear all ye ends of the earth ; for I am going 
to prove it to you by the Bible, and I am going to tell you the designs of 
God to the human race, and why he interferes with the affairs of man. 

First, God himself, who sits enthroned in yonder heavens, is a man like 
unto one of yourselves, that is the great secret. If the veil was rent to-day, 
and the Great God, who holds this world in its orbit, and upholds all things 
by his pow er ; if you were to see him to-day, you would see him in all the 
person, image and very form as a man ; for Adam was created in the very 
fashion and image of God ; Adam received instruction, w alked, talked and 
conversed with him, as one man talks and communes with another. 

In order to understand the subject of the dead, for the consolation of those 
who 'Tiourn for the loss of their friends, it is necessary they should under- 
stand the character and being of God, for I am going to tell you how God 
came to be God. We have imagined that God was God from all eternity. 
These are incomprehensible ideas to some, but they are the simple and first 
principles of the gospel, to know for a certainty the character of God, that 
we may converse with him as one man with another, and that God himself, 
the Father of us all dwelt on an earth the same as Jesus Christ himself did. 



i 



251 

and I will show it from the Bible. I wish I had the trump of an archangel, 
I could tell the story in such a manner that persecution would cease forever ; 
what did Jesus say ? (Mark it Elder Rigdon ;) Jesus said, as the Father 
hath power in himself, even so hath the Son power ; to do what ? why 
what the Father did, that answer is obvious, in a manner to lay down his 
body and take it up again. Jesus what are you going to do ? To lay down 
my life, as my Father did, and take it up again. If you do not believe it, 
you do not believe the Bible ; the scriptures say it, and I defy all the learn- 
ing and wisdom, all the combined powers of earth and hell together, to 
refute it. Here then is eternal life, to know the only wise and true God. 
You have got to learn how to be Gods yourselves ; to be kings and priests 
to God, the same as all Gods have -done ; by going from a small degree to 
another, from grace to grace, from exaltation to exaltation, until )ou are 
able to sit in glory as doth those who sit enthroned in everlasting power ; 
and 1 want you to know that God in the last days, while certain individuals 
are proclaiming his name, is not trifling with you or me ; it is the first prin- 
ciples of consolation. How consoling to the mourner, when they are called 
to part with a husband, wife, father, mother, child or dear relative, to know 
that although the earthly tabernacle shall be dissolved, that they shall rise 
in immortal glory, not to sorrow, suffer or die any more, but they shall be 
heirs of God and joint heirs with Jesus Christ. What is it ? to inherit the 
same power and the same exaltation, until you ascend the throne of eternal 
power the same as those who are gone before. What did Jesus do ? why 
I do the things I saw my Father do when worlds came rolling into existence. 
I saw my Father work out his kingdom with fear and trembling, and I must 
do the same ; and when 1 get my kingdom I shall present it to my Father, 
so that he obtains kingdom upon kingdom, and it will exalt his glory, so 
that Jesus treads in his tracks to inherit what God did before ; it is plain 
beyond disputation, and you thus learn some of the first principles of the 
gospel, about which so much hath been said. When you climb a ladder, 
you must begin at the bottom and go on until you learn the last principle ; 
it will be a great while before you have learned the last. It is not all to 
be comprehended in this world ; it is a great thing to learn salvation beyond 
the grave. I suppose I am not allowed to go into an investigation of any 
thing that is not contained in the Bible, and I think there are so many wise 
men here, who would put me to death for treason ; so I shall turn commen- 
tator to-day ; I shall comment on the very first Hebrew word in the Bible ; 
I will make a comment on the very first sentence of the history of creation 
in the Bible, Eerosheit. I want to analyze the word ; haith, in, by, through, 
in, and every thing else. Rosh, the head, Sheit^ grammatical termination. 
When the inspired man wrote it, he did not put the haith there. A man, 
a Jew .without any authority, thought it too bad to begin to talk about the 
head. It read first, " The head one of the Gods brought forth the Gods," 
that is the true meaning of the words. Baurau, signifies to bring forth. 
If you do not believe it, you do not believe the learned man of God. No 
man can learn you more than what I have told you. Thus the head God 
brought forth the Gods in the grand council. I will simplify it in the English 
language. Oh ye lawyers ! ye doctors ! vdio have persecuted me ; I want 
to let vou know that the Holy Ghost know^s something as well as you do. 



252 

The bead God called together the Gods, and sat in grand council. The 
grand counsellors sat in yonder heavens, and contemplated the creation of 
the worlds that were created at that time. When I say doctors and lawyers, 
I mean the doctors and lawyers of the scripture. I have done so hitherto 
to let the lawyers flutter, and every body laugh at tbem. Some learned 
doctor might take a notion to say, the scriptures say thus and so, and are 
not to be altered, and I am going to show you an error. I have an old 
book of the New Testament in the Hebrew, Latin, German and Greek. I 
have been reading the German and find it to be the most correct, and it 
corresponds nearest to the revelations I have given for the last fourteen 
years. It tells about Jachoboy the son of Zebedee ; it means Jacob ; in 
the English New Testament it is James. Now if Jacob had the keys, you 
might talk about James through all eternity, and never get the keys. In 
the 21st verse of the fourth chapter of Matthew, it gives the word Jacob 
instead of James. How can we escape the damnation of hell except God 
reveal to us ; men bind us with chains ; Latin says Jachabod means Jacob ; 
Hebrew says it means Jacob ; Greek says Jacob ; German says Jacob. 1 
thank God I have got this book, and thank him more for the gift of the 
Holy Ghost. I have got the oldest book in the world, but I have got the 
oldest book in my heart. I have all the four testaments, come here ye 
learned men, and read if you can. I should not have introduced this testi- 
mony were it not to back up the word Rosh, the head. Father of the Gods. 
I should not have brought it up only to show that I am right. When we 
begin to learn in this way, we begin to learn the only true God, and what 
kind of a being we have got to worship. When we know how to come to 
him, he begins to unfold the heavens to us and tell us all about it. When 
we are ready to come to him, he is ready to come to us. Now I ask all the 
learned men who hear me, why the learned men who are preaching salva- 
tion say, that God created the heavens and the earth out of nothing ? and 
the reason is they are unlearned ; they account it blasphemy to contradict 
the idea, they will call you a fool. I know more than all the world put 
together, and the Holy Ghost wuthin me comprehends more than all the 
world, and I will associate with it. The word create came from the word 
baurau ; it does not mean so ; it means to organize ; the same as a man 
would organize a ship. Hence we infer that God had materials to organize 
the world out of chaos ; chaotic matter, which is element, and in which 
dwells all the glory. Element had an existence from the time he had. The 
pure principles of element, are principles that can never be destroyed. They 
may be organized and re-organized ; but not destroyed. 

I have another subject to dwell upon and it is impossible for me to say 
much, btit I shall just touch upon them ; for time will not permit me to 
say all ; so I must come to the resurrection of the dead, the soul, the mind 
of man, the immortal spirit. All men say God created it in the beginning. 
The very idea lessens man in my estimation ; I do not believe the doctrine, 
I know better. Hear it all ye ends of the world, for God has told me so. 
I will make a man appear a fool before I get through, if you don't believe 
it. I am going to tell of things more noble — we say that God himself is a 
self existing God ; who told you so ? it is correct enough, but how did it 
get into your heads ? Who told you that man did aot exist in like manner 



25Z 

upon the same principles ? (refers to the old Bible,) how does it read in tlie 
Hebrew ? It don't say so in the Hebrew, it says God made man out of the 
earth, and put in to him Adam's spirit, and so became a living body. 

The mind of man is as immortal as God himself. I know that my testi- 
mony is true, hence when I talk to these mourners ; what have they lost, 
tliey are only separated from their bodies for a short season ; their spirits 
existed co-equal with God, and they now exist in a place where they con- 
verse together, the same as we do on the earth. Is it logic to say that a 
spirit is immortal, and yet have a beginning ? Because if a spirit have a 
beginning it will have an end ; good logic. I want to reason more on the 
spirit of man, for I am dwelling on the body of man, on the subject of the 
dead. I take my ring from my finger and liken it unto the mind of man, 
the immortal spirit, because it has no beginning. Suppose you cut it in 
two ; but as the Lord lives there would be an end. All the fools, learned 
and wise men, from the beginning of creation, who say that man had a begin- 
ning, proves that he must have an end and then the doctrine of annihilation 
would be true. But. if I am right I might with boldness proclaim from the 
house tops, that God never did have power to create the spirit of man at all. 
God himself could not create himself : intelligence exists upon a self exis- 
tent principle, it is a spirit from age to age, and there is no creation about it. 
All the spirits that God ever sent into the world are susceptible of enlarge- 
ment. The first principles of man are self existent with God ; that God 
himself finds himself in the midst of spirits and glory, because he was greater 
and because he saw proper to institute laws, whereby the rest could have a 
privilege to advance like himself, that they might have one glory upon 
another, in all that knowledge, power, and glory, &c., in order to save the 
world of spirits. I know that when I tell you these words of eternal life, 
that are given to me, I know you taste it and I know you believe it. You 
say honey is sweet and so do I. I can also taste the spirit of eternal life ; 
I know it is good, and when I tell you of these things, that were given me 
by inspiration of the Holy Spirit, you are bound to receive it as sweet, and 
I rejoice more and more. 

I want to talk more of the relation of man to God. 1 will open your 
eyes in relation to your dead ; all things whatsoever God of his infinite 
wisdom has seen proper to reveal to us, while we are dwelling in mortality, 
in regard to our mortal bodies, are revealed to us in the abstract and inde- 
pendant of affinity of this mortal tabernacle ; but are revealed to us as if we 
had no bodies at all, and those revelations which will save our dead will 
save our bodies ; and God reveals them to us in view of no eternal dissolu- 
tion of the body ; hence the responsibility, the awful responsibility, that 
rests upon us in relation to our dead : for all the spirits who have not 
obeyed the gospel in the flesh, must either obey the gospel or be damned. 
Solemn thought, dreadful thought. Is there nothing to be done ; no salva- 
tion for our fathers and friends who have died and not obeyed the decree? 
of the Son of Man ? Would to God that I had forty days and nights to tell 
you all, I would let you know that I am not a fallen prophet. What kind 
of characters are those who can be saved although their bodies are decaying 
in the grave ? When his commandments teach us, it is in view of eternity. 
The greatest responsibility in this world that God has laid upon us, is ta 



254 

seek after our dead. The apostle says, they without us c^ninot b^' made 
perfect. Now I will speak of them : I say to you Paul, you cannot be 
perfect without us : it is necessary that those who are gone before, and those 
who come after us should have salvation in common with us, and thus hath 
God made it obligatory to man. Hence God said he should send Elijah, 
&c. ; I have a declaration to make as to the provisions w^hich God hath 
made to suit the conditions of man ; made from before the foundation of 
the world. What has Jesus said ? All sins and all blasphemies, every 
transgression except one, that man can be guilty of, there is a salvation for 
him either in this world or the world to come. Hence God hath made a 
provision, that every spirit in the eternal world can be ferretted out and 
saved, unless he has committed that unpardonable sin, which cannot be re- 
mitted to him. That God has wrought out a salvation for all men, unless 
they have committed a certain sin. Every man who has got a friend in the 
eternal world who can save him unless he has committed the unpardonable 
sin, and so you can see how far you can be a savior. A man cannot commit 
the unpardonable sin after the dissolution of the body, and there is a way 
possible for escape. Knowledge saves a man, and in the world of spirits a 
man cannot be exalted but by knowledge ; so long as a man will not give 
heed to the commandments, he must abide without salvation. A man is his 
own tormentor, and is his own condemner : hence the saying they shall go 
into the lake that burns with fire and brimstone. The torment of the mind 
of man is as exquisite as a lake burning with fire and brimstone — so is the 
torment of the mind of man. I know the scriptures ; I understand them. 
I said no man can commit the unpardonable sin after the dissolution of the 
body, but they must do it in this world : hence the salvation of Jesus Christ 
was wrought out for all men in order to triumph over the devil : for if it did 
not catch him in one place, it would in another, for he stood up as a Saviour. 
The contention in heaven was, Jesus said there would be certain souls 
that would not be saved, and the devil said he could save them all ; the 
grand council gave in for Jesus Christ ; so the devil rebelled against God 
and fell, and all who put up their heads for him. All sins shall be forgiven 
except the sin against the Holy Ghost : after a man has sinned against the 
Holy Ghost there is no repentance for him, he has got to say that the sun 
does not shine, while he sees it, he has got to deny Jesus Christ when the 
heavens were open to him, and from that time they begin to be enemies, 
like many of the apostates of the church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 
When a man begins to be an enemy, he hunts me. They seek to kill me ; 
they thirst for my blood ; they never cease. He has the same spirit that 
they had who crucified the Lord of Life ; the same spirit that sins against 
the Holy Ghost. You cannot bring them to repentance. Awful is the con- 
sequence. I advise all of you to be careful what you do, you may by and 
bye find out that you have been deceived. Stay yourselves, do not give 
way. You may find out that some one has laid a snare for you. Be 
cautious ; await ! When you find a spirit that wants bloodshed, murder, 
the same is not of God, but is of the devil. Out of the abundance of the heart 
man speaketh. The man that tells you words of life, is the man that can 
save you. I warn you against all evil characters, who sin against the Holy 
Ghost, for there is no redemption for them in this world, or in the world 
to come. 



I'OO 



I can enter into the mysteries ; 1 can enter largely into the eternal ^vorldhi ; 
for Jesus said, in my Father's house there are many mansions, &C. Then* 
is one glory bf'tlie sun, another glory of the moon, and another glory of the 
stars, &c. We have reason to have the greatest hope and consolations for our 
dead, we have aided them in the first principles ; for we have seen them 
walk in our midst, and seen them sink asleep in the arms of Jesus. And 
hence is the glory of the sun. \ ou mourners have occasion to rejoice : 
(speaking of the death of Elder King Follett,) for your husband is gone to 
wait until tlie resurrection ; and your expectations and hope are far above 
what man can conceive : for why has God revealed it to us ? I am autho- 
rised to say by the authority of the Holy Ghost that you have no occasion 
to fear, for he is gone to the home of the just. Don't mourn ; don't weep. 
I know it by tlie testimony of the Holy Ghost that is within me. Rejoice 

Israel ! your friends shall triumph gloriously, while their murderers shall 
welter for ages. I say this for the benefit of strangers. I have a father, 
brothers, and friends who are gone to a world of spirits. They are only 
absent for a moment ; they are in the spirit, and when we depart we shall 
hail our mothers, fathers, friends, and all whom we love. There will be no 
fear of mobs, &c., but all will be an eternity of felicity. Mothers you shall 
have your children, for they shall have eternal life ; for their ddbt is paid, 
there is no damnation awaits them, for they are in the spirit. As the child 
dies, so shall it rise from the dead and be forever living in the learning of 
God, it shall be the child, the same as it was before it died out of your arms. 
Children dwell and exercise power in the same form as they laid them down. 
The baptism of water without the baptism of fire and the Holy Ghost atten- 
ding it is of no use ; they are necessary. He must be born of water and 
the spirit in order to get into the kingdom of God. 

In the German, the text bears me out the same as the revelations which 

1 have given for the last fourteen years. I have the testimony to put in 
their teeth ; my testimony has been true all the time. You will find it in 
the declaration of John the Baptist, (reads from the German,) John says I 
baptize you with water, but when Jesus comes, who has the power, he shall 
administer the baptism of fire, and the Holy Ghost. Great God ! — Where 
is now all the sectarian world ? and if this testimony is true, they are all 
damned as clearly as anathema can do it. I know the text is true. I call 
upon all you Germans, who know that it is true, to say aye. (loud shouts of 
aye.) Alexander . Campbell, how are you going to save them with water 
alone ? For John said his baptism was nothing without the baptism of Jesus 
Christ. There is one God, one Father, one Jesus, one hope of our calling, 
one baptism — all these three baptisms only make one. I have the truth 
and am at the defiance of the world to contradict me, if they can. I have 
now preached a little Latin, a little Hebrew, Greek and German, and I 
have fulfilled all. I am not so big a fool as many have taken me to be. 
The Germans know that I read the German correct. 

Hear it all ye ends of the earth — all ye sinners, repent ! repent ! turn to 
God, for your religion wont save you, and you will be damned ; I do not 
say how long ; but those who sin against the Holy Ghost cannot be forgiven 
in this world, or in the world to come ; they shall die the second death ; 
as they concoct scenes of bloodshed in this world so they shall rise to tliat 



256 

resurrection, which is as the lake of fire and brimstone : some shall rise to 
the everlasting burning of God, and some shall rise to the damnation of 
their own filthiness — as exquisite as the lake of fire and brimstone. 

I have intended my remarks to all ; both rich and poor, bond and free, 
great and small, I have no enmity against any man. I love you all. I am 
your best friend, and if persons miss their mark, it is their own fault. If I 
reprove a man and he hates me, he is a fool, for I love all men, especially 
these my brethren and sisters. I rejoice in bearing the testimony of my 
aged friends. You never knew my heart ; no man knows my history ; I 
cannot tell it. I shall never undertake it ; if I had not experienced what I 
have 1 should not have known it myself. I never did harm any man since 
I have been born in the world. My voice is alwavs for peace, I cannot lie 
down until all my work is finished. I never think any evil, nor any thing to 
the harm of my fellow man. When I am called at the trump of the archangel, 
and weighed in the balance, you will all know me then. — I add no more. 
God bless you all. Amen. 



ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS 

CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS, IN AUSTRALASIA, 

HELD IN THE OLD ASSEMBLY ROOMS, KING STREET, 

SYDNEY, ON APRIL 1st., 1855. 

Present — Elder Augustus Farnham, President of the Mission, and 
Elder Josiah W. Fleming, first Counsellor. 

Travelling Elders, John S. Eldridge, John M'Carthy, William 
Baxter. 

Sydney Branch, Elders John Jones, President. Elders W. Robb 
and R. Evans, Counsellors. 

Meeting opened by singing. 

" Awake ye that slumber, arise from the dust." 

Prayer by John S. Eldridge. 

Sang 149th Hymn, ^' Jesus, mighty King in Zion." 

President Jones declared the Conference opened for the transac- 
tion of business. 

President Farnham rose and said, that he had always exhorted the 
saints to deligence and faithfulness. On the occasion that we have 
met this morning, we want to be one having the same object in view. 
A question that I would like to ask is, are we all united ready 
to sustain the authorities who are over us, are we in fellowship one 
with another, having no hardness of hearts ; it must be clear that any 
who have hard feelings, are not in a condition to vote for sustaining 
the authorities. Now 1 want all to vote either in the affirmative or 
the negative, if any should vote in the negative, I shall require their 
reason for so doing. It is thus in Zion, all are required to vote, for 
there is no neutral position in this Church ; there the saints gather 
in to the number of 10,000, all of one heart and mind, and thus draw 
down the spirit and blessing of God on them. 

The President then called upon all the Saints who had no hardness 



257 

towards any of the brethren or sisters, and felt to fellowship all, to 
hold up their right hand, when all voted in the affirmative. 

Elder A. Farnham was appointed President of the Conference, 
and Elder J. Jones, Clerk. 

It was moved seconded and carried, that Elder John Jones he re- 
ceived and sustained as President of the Sydney Branch, also W> 
Robb and R. Evans, as his Counsellors. 

It was moved seconded and carried, that we receive and sustain 
Elder Augustus Farnham, as President of the Australian Mission, 
also Elders Josiah W. Fleming and Burr Frost as his Counsellors. 

It was moved seconded and carried, that we receive and sustain 
Brigham Young as President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
Day Saints in Zion, and throughout the world, and as our Prophet, 
Seer, and Revelator, and our Leader in Israel, also Heber C. Kimball 
and Jedediah M. Grant, as his Counsellors and all the other autho- 
rities of the Church in Zion, and throughout the world. 

The President then stated, that since last Conference he had visited 
Victoria, found the saints well and in good spirits and their hearts 
set for Zion, so that he found it necessary to counsel the organiza- 
tion of a company to depart from Melbourne. The work is rolling 
on very pretily, many enquiring, some being baptised. 

Gave instruction to President Frost to proceed to Adelaide, to 
gather up the saints in that place, after visiting Geelong he (Elder 
Frost) had proceeded to Adelaide, and had reported per letter the 
state of the work in that Conference, the work there is rolling forth 
slowly but steadily, baptisms taking place occasionally, many enquir- 
ing, a good feeling prevailing the Saints, and about thirty or forty 
ready to go to Zion. They will be lead up to Victoria by President 
A. Dowdle, when they will unite with the saints proceeding from 
that place. President Dowdle in consequence of ill- health, brought 
on by his unwearied labours in the ministry, is returning home to the 
Valley, and will accompany these saints to America. 

As to the work in Van Diemens Land, Elder Owens is still there, 
but nothing had been heard from him since Elder Frost left, there 
was great obstacles in the way, but still there is no doubt many 
honest persons there, some scattered saints had been found, some of 
these were now in Victoria, and are going to Zion with the com- 
pany from that place. 

Letters have been received from F.lder William Cooke, who is 
labouring in New Zealand, he has been labouring in Wellington and 
its vicinity. The hireling priests have conspn'cd to oppose, and as in 
every other place where they take the lead in the opposition, there is 
nothing too mean or low for them to dabble in ; yet the Lord has 
owned and blessed him, and crowned his labours with success, he has 
baptised 10 and organized a branch there, he had visited Hutt 
Valley and had been well received there, he would leave Wellington 
per steamer for Nelson on the 3rd instant. He calls earnestly for help. 



258 

The President then called on Elder Fleming to report the N. W. 
section, viz., the Hunter, Williams, Patterson and Allyn Rivers. 
He stated that a conference had been held on the Allyn River, on 
Thursday the 22nd of March, there were 82 members reported in 
good standing, there vy^as a good feeling prevading the conference, 
not the least desenting voice, the saints are trying to do right, the 
work of the Lord is rolling forth, new fields are being opened. Elder 
l^axter has been travelling in that section, during the past quarter 
there have been 5 baptised. Thus the servants of the Lord are being 
blessed in the Ministry, yet there are too few of those who are faithful 
in the ministry, so that it keeps the work more cramped, up not being 
able to extend abroad, for want of laborers. 

John S. Eldridge reported that since last conference, he had tra- 
velled in company with Elder James Graham, they had visited Pen- 
rith, Windsor, Picton, the work of the Lord is progressing, new fields 
are being opened ; many investigating and numbers increasing, the 
Saints rejoicing in the Lord. There has been ten added by baptism ; 
the work is spreading forth in that part of the colony ; and I can 
testify before men and angels that it is the work of the Lord, and 
that it will prosper. 

Elder John McCarthy reported that he had travelled in the neigh- 
bourhood of the Hawkesbury River. The 'first place I stopped was 
at Balkham Hills, obtained the use of a parlour from a lady whose 
husband was absent, advertized meeting for evening, when assembled 
and drawing near to a close, the Mr. came home and having learned 
from my remarks what I was, he cried, "plenty of that," and ordered 
me out. I afterwards got the use of another parlour. 1 was told 
that there was a man in the neighbourhood who knew all about Zion, 
I found him out and asked him what he knew of Saints, he answered, 
that all he could say of them was, that they were God's people. That 
he knew it to be the work of the Lord, for he had seen the power 
of God manifested in gifts of tongues and healing, &c. He came from 
Cheltenham, was baptised about 15 years ago, fell into transgression, 
but said that he should join them again sometime. 1 passed on to the 
lower Hawkesbury, visited the Magistrate, gave him some tracts, he 
remarked, " I believe your commission and mission to be an im- 
position," he said, that he would not read the book, but that if the 
Queen or any of the leading men were to embrace it, then he would 
think about it. I asked him why Pharaoh did not receive the message 
sent by Moses, he answered, "that Pharoh was corrupt." I then said 
that for the same reason the great would not receive the message in 
these days ; those who rejected the gospel were corrupt. I prevailed 
on him to read the book, and on a future day he told me that his 
feelings were altered. I preached in the neighbourhood, good meet- 
ings, baptised five, many are investigating, the work is prospering. 

Elder J. W. Fleming then addressed the meeting, congratulating 
the brethren on the prosperity of the work of the Lord, during the last 



2o9 

two years, showing forth the simplicity of the plan of salvation, and 
the humble character of the instrument used by the Lord to ad- 
minister the same, that for this cause the world is offended, and reject 
the testimony of the servants of God to their own condemnation. 
Sang a select Hymn, ^' I Saw a lamb that had been slain." 
Conference adjourned until 3 p. m. Benediction by Elder J. Jones. 

Conference met pursuant to adjournment, at 3 p. m. 

Meeting opened by smging the 134th Hymn, 

"0 God our help in ages past." 

Prayer by Elder J. McCarthy. Sung the 129th Hymn, 
'^ Sing to the great Jehovah's praise." 

Sacrement was then administered by Elder J. Jones, who after- 
wards addressed the meeting, he said, that he was always glad to 
meet the saints, but that upon the present occasion he felt great joy 
on account of the vote given this morning, that there was no hard- 
ness of heart among them ; that they were one. He then showed 
that the character of God was unchangeable, and that he was con- 
sistent in his dealings with the children of men. 

Sang the 272nd Hymn, — "I have no home, where shall I go ? " 

Meeting adjourned till 7 p.m. 

Benediction by President Farnham. 

Conference met pursuant to adjournment at 7 p. m. 
Sang the 253rd Hymn, — "Go ye messengers of glory." 
Prayer by Elder J. Jones. 

Sang the 63rd Hymn, — "Glorious things are sungof Zion." 
The meeting was then addressed by Elder J. VV. Fleming. 
Sang the 54th Hymn, — "Praise ye the Lord it is good raise." 
Adjourned until Monday evening, 7 p. m. 
Benediction by Elder J. Jones. 

In consequence of heavy rain there was no meeting on Monday 
evening, when iU was further adjourned until Wednesday evening. 

Wednesday evening, April 4th, Conference met pursuant to ad- 
journment at the office. No. 103, Parramatta-street. 

Meeting opened by singing the 29th Hymn, — "What was Witness- 
ed in the heavens ? " 

Prayer by Elder William Baxter. 

Sang the 227th Hymn, — "Come all ye sons of Zion." 

The Elders were appointed to their fields of labour. The meeting 
was then addressed by the Presidency, during which important in- 
struction and counsel was given. 

Sang 234th Hymn, — "The time is far spent — there is little re 
maining." 

Conference adjourned to the first Sunday in July. 

Benediction by President A. Farnham. 



260 

There has been a great union of feeling pervading this conference ; 
much of the spirit of the Lord has rested upon the Elders and Saints, 
so that our hearts have been made to rejoice in the Lord, and in the 
great work he hath set his hands to perform. Several applications 
for baptisms have been made during Conference. 

A. FARNHAM, President. 
JOHN JONES, Clerk. 



A SKETCH OF THE HISTORY OF THE WORK OF THE 
LORD IN THE AUSTRALASIAN COLONIES. 

B^/ Elder John Jones. 

On Sunday afternoon, Nov. 2nd, 1854, after the dismissal of the Primitive 
Methodists out door meeting, on the Old Race Course Sydney, an aged but 
venerable looking man, with his hat in his hand, addressed the congregation 
in something like the following manner. Gentleman, I would wish an 
opportunity to say a few words to the people, I have been pleased with 
much that has been said on the present occasion, and being a Missionary 
sent to preach the Gospel, I would like to have the privilege of speaking 
to the people. He was asked from whence he came ? He answered, 
America, when some little feeling was manifested, which soon subsided. 
Having asked for a place to preach in, the Rev. Mr. Moss, the Primitive 
Methodists' preacher, enquired to what denomination he belonged to ; and 
was answered, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints ; this priest 
then ejaculated, Oh ! A MORMON EH ! He appeared a little 
agast at the fact, and having told the aged man, that he could not let him 
have a place to preach in, and that where they were now standing was his 
ground, that he occupied it every Sunday, he hastened away. 

The assembly now called for a declaration of principles, when Elder John 
Murdock briefly but very forciably, laid down the first principles of the 
Gospel. The nature of the organization of the "Church of Christ, with the 
character of the blessings, enjoyed by saints in ancient times. 

He was listened to with attention, with the exception of being once or 
twice asked ? Where is your Commission ? What's your authority ? 
There were some present, to whom the Lord had intimated, by vision or 
dream, that something important was at hand. One brother had a vision of 
the Kingdom of God, established in the centre of the world, continuing to 
increase until it overcame the world, and the spirit testified to him, when 
Elder Murdock was speaking that, that was the work of God. The writer 
had received a similar manifestation, and was under the like influence. 

At the close of the address, several questions were asked, such as do you 
profess to be able to perform miracles ? Have you ever seen the sick heald, 
&c. The writer asked the following question ? Does your Church pro- 
fess to receive revelation, suited to the present condition and character of 
man ? He answered boldly we do ? An appointment was then made for 
preaching on the Race Course, next Sunday afternoon. A Mr. John Davis, 
who has since made himself conspicuous in his opposition to the work accom- 
panied Elder M. to his lodgings, and obtained from him a copy of the voice 
of Warning. . 

On Sunday the 9tli Elder Murdock was on the ground, at the time ap- 



261 

pointed, and preached an excellent discourse, upon the principles of tlie 
Gospel and its restoration, and the Millinnial reign of Christ, on the earth 
with his saints. Elder C. W. Wandle was with him, an appointment was 
made for the evening at the Old Assembly Room, when Elder Wandle 
preached testifying to the ministrations of angels, to the prophet Joseph 
Smith. At the close of the meeting, the proprietor said he should not let 
them have the room again. 

After this a house was rented in Pitt-street, service being held therein 
every Sunday morning and evening, and public speaking on the Race Course 
every afternoon, meetings continued to excite an increasing interest, hun- 
dreds assembling at the out door meetings. About the end of Nov., Elder 
Murdock went to Parramatta, going per steamer, and returning on foot down 
the road, distributing the tracts that had then been published, viz., the Re- 
markable Visions, and the Proclamation. 

On December the 3rd, the first person was baptised into the Church, an 
evening Meeting was held, there were but few present. There was much 
of the influence of the spirit present, and Elder Murdock spoke with great 
force and power, making plain the principles of truth. On the following 
day he left for Melbourne. 

On Sunday morning January the 4th, 1852, the Sydney Branch was 
organized consisting of 12 members, there were 2 Priests and a Teacher and 
Deacon, ordained at this meeting. 

On January 5th Elder Murdock returned from Melbourne ; he stated 
that he found " the people principally gone to the gold diggings, and the 
whole country in perfect excitement." He "could find no shelter for him- 
self or things, so that after spending about ten days under extreme difficulty, 
he returned here," this occurred about the time that gold was first discovered 
in Victoria. 

About this time places were obtained for preaching at Chippendale, Rush- 
cutters Bay, and at Kissing Point, but with no success. 

About this time the Old Assembly Rooms were rented again. 

On Saturday April the 27th, commenced the first Conference of tlie 
Church in these Colonies. The Conference was organized with Elder Mur- 
dock, as President, and Elders Wandle and Jones, as Counsellors. There 
were two Elders ordained this Conference. It was adjourned from time to 
time until April 6th, at this time there had been 3G baptised, a spirit of 
rebellion entered several, which caused some little trouble, and the most 
of those who rebelled fell away, amission was appointed to Melbourne. 
After peace was lestored, all went on well for a time, the work prospering 
Elder Wandle preparing to go on a Mission to Melbourne, and Elder Jones 
to Maitland, but on the 14th of May, the "Judge's Report" appeared in the 
"Sydney Morning Herald." This created a great excitement in the public 
mind, and seemed to press heavily upon the minds of many of saints. Elder 
Wandle with great difficulty, got an answer inserted in the Saturday's issue, 
of the same paper, which connected with his reply on the public Race Course 
allayed the excitement, and gave general satisfaction. 

As the devil never did anything, but that the Lord overruled it for good, 
so in this case. Elder Wandell's letter being observed by a merchant, at whose 
office letters from the authorities of the Church in England were laying, 
these were forwarded through the post, and came to hand on Tuesday the 
17th, with a small supply of Books. This was a great source of joy and 
rejoicing to all.; the news received, set aside the " Judge's Report" entirely. 



262 

At this time Elder Murdock, in consequence of the enfeabled state of his 
health, determined to return home, on account of this, a special Conference 
was called, at which Elder Murdock resigned his Presidency of the Mission, 
and that of the Branch also ; Elder Wandle was appointed President of the 
Mission, Elders Jones and Beaty as Counsellors ; Elder Jones was appointed 
President of the Sydney Branch. 

On Sunday May 30th, Elder Murdock delivered his farewell address to 
the public on the Race Course, and to the Saints in the evening. On Wed- 
nesday, June 2nd, Elder Murdock went on board the "Harmony," bound 
for San Francisco. In June Elders McCarthy and Jones went to Maitland, 
in consequence of an invitation from Brother and Sister Harris, who were 
from England, a room was rented, brother H. furnishing it with forms and 
supplied the Elders with provisions. 

'I'he second Conference took place on July the 3rd, and was continued by 
adjournment to the 6th, the appointments remaining as above, until the 
middle of July, when Elder Wandle went to Port Phillip ; he appointed 
Elder J. Beaty to the Presidency of the Sydney Branch, leaving Elder Jones 
in charge of the work, in New South Wales. Early in September Elder 
Jones was requested to return to Sydney, to set the Branch in order ; on 
his arrival in Sydney, Elder B. resigned the presidency of the Branch and 
Elder Jones was voted into the same. 

All went on well until the lattfer end of October, when the devil made 
another effort to overthrow the work, by the influence of apostates, who in- 
sirmated themselves amongst some of the brethren, who listened to their lies, 
and also, by taking advantage of the inexperience of the saints in Maitland, 
who were blessed with the gift of tongues ; and leading them astray. Elder 
Wandle was requested to return to this Colony, to set things in order there. 
About this time, an opening was made at the Williams River, by Elder 
McCarthy. 

President Wandle returned to Sydney, on the 17th of December, he pro- 
ceeded to Maitland, everything was restored to peace and order. 

A Conference was held in Sydney, commencing on January 1st, 1853, 
continuing by adjournment to the 30th, the brethren who had rebelled in 
Sydney, were dealt with being disfellowshiped. 

In the latter end of February, Elder Wandle began to make arrangement 
io lead up a company to Zion. 

A Conference was called, when he resigned his Presidency, appointing 
Elder Jones to succeed him. 

On April 1st, the Barque Pacific, from San Francisco arrived, bringing a 
company often Elders for the Australasian Mission, viz., A. Fainham, 
President, William Hyde, First Counsellor, J. W. Fleming, B. Frost, A. 
Dowdle, J. Graham, J. S. Eldridge, J. Norton, John Hyde, and P. Smith. 
On Saturday, April 2nd, the *' Sydney Morning Herald" introduced the 
Elders to the public notice, giving extracts from the Deseret extra, as pub- 
lished by one of the San Deigo Journals, by which a great excitement was 
created in the minds of the public, and of the saints also. In consequence 
of the smallpox the vessel was ordered into Quarantine. 

On the 1st of April, the company amounting to about 30 souls, were 
ordered on board the " Envelope," she sailed on April the 6th, Elder 
Wandle having the charge ot them. 

On Saturday April 9th, the Barque Pacific was released from Quarantine. 



263 

The company of Elders got ashore about dusk, they were all well with the 
exception of Elder John Hyde ; they were lodged amongst the brethren. 

On Sunday the 10th, there was a good attendance of the Saints at meeting, 
and some strangers ; Elder Jones introduced President Farnham, who after- 
wards introduced the remainder of the Company of Elders. Elder Jones 
then resigned the appointment of President, and it was voted to receive and 
sustain Elder Farnham, as President of the Australian Mission. Elder 
Jones being appointed President of the Sydney Branch, Elders W. Robb, 
and R. Evans, as his Counsellors. President Farnham addressed the meet- 
ing, exhorting the saints to be cool, deliberate and prayerful, not to give 
heed to the reports going abroad, but if their was anything that they did not 
understand, or that they wanted to know, to come to him and he would 
satisfy them, for it was not the desire to keep anything hid. The saints 
were called upon, to judge whether they had brought the spirit of the 
Lord with them. He told the Saints that he should take the 
earliest opportunity of visiting them at their homes ; the meeting during 
the day was also addressed by Elder W. Hyde, and several others of the 
newly arrived Elders. It was evident to all that tliis company had brought 
the spirit of the Lord with them, for its influence was felt upon all, it 
seemed to burn within the bones of the writer, it is a day that will never be 
forgotten by him ; the testimony borne that the Lord was blessing tlie saints 
in the Valleys of the Mountains, caused all faithful saints to rejoice, indeed 
so manifest was the influence of the spirit of the Lord, upon that occasion 
that the hearts of some who had been separated from us seemed to relent. 

Monday the Company of Elders, met at Elder W. Robb's, George Street, 
when the Presidency of the mission was fully organized by appointing 
Elder Josiah W. Fleming, as second counsellor to A. Farnham, President. 
Report was received as to the state of the work, and of the condition of this 
and other colonies ; the Elders were appointed to different fields of labor, 
Elders A. Dowdle and J. Norton, to Adelaide ; B. Frost and P. Smith, to 
Victoria ; J. Graham and J. S. Eldridge, to the N. W. Section of this 
Colony ; William Hyde, to the Hunter's River District ; J. W. Fleming 
to remain with the President in Sydney ; John Hyde being sick remained 
in Sydney. These Elders started for their respective fields of labor, as 
soon as circumstances would permit. The President after their departure, 
turned his attention to visiting the Saints, Elder Fleming accompanying him, 
ascertaining the state of their feelings, giving such instruction and counsel 
as seemed to be necessary, at such times the Deseret Extra was generally 
taken along, and read to any who desired, by this means an influence was 
brought to bear upon the saints, that tended to preserve them ; by allaying 
their prejudices and addressing their reason ; so that througli tlie blessing 
of God, none in Sydney left the church, through the doctrine of plurality with 
the exception of about 3, who have since applied for readmission. Things 
thus moved steadily along. 

Elders Wm. Hyde and John McCarthy, at the Hunter's River, were 
blessed in their labors, a branch was organized at the Williams River, on 
June the 28th, 1853, 1 Elder, 1 Priest, and 1 Teacher were ordained. A 
Conference was held in Sydney, on the first Sunday in July, some were called 
to the priesthood, we were blessed with much instruction and counsel, by Elder 
W. Hyde. There had not been time to receive any report of the operations 
of the Elders, in the distant fields of labor. Elder John Hyde continued to 
grow worse. 



264 

The male members ot the Sydney Branch, having been organized into a 
counsel, for the transaction of business, a meeting of the same was called 
on July 21st, when amidst other business, it was determined to pubHsh a 
periodical monthly, to be called the " Zion's Watchman," this resolution was 
come to, on account of the repeated attacks that were made upon the saints 
and their principles, and the impossibility of getting anything inserted in 
reply. 

In accordance with the above resolution, the first number of the " Zion's 
Watchman" was issued on August 13th, 1853. 

On Saturday Aug. 27th, Elder John Hyde, after enduring extreme suffer- 
ing, (the disease being a cancer in the throat,) departed this life in the firm 
assurance of the Faith. President Farnham and tlie Elders in Sydney, 
w ere unwearied in their attention to him, and everything was obtained that 
would minister to his ease or comfort. He was respectably intered in the 
Camperdown Cemetery. 

On September 24th the second and third number of the " Zions Watch- 
man" were issued. Being desirous of laying before the public the doctrine 
of Plurality in plainness, it was found necessary to issue a double number. 
On the first Sunday in October a conference was held in Sydney at which it 
was reported that Elder Frost was at the diggings, where a branch had been 
organised. Elder W. Cooke being appointed president. Elder P. Smith 
was labouring at Geelong, Elders Dowdle and. Norton had made an open- 
ing at Adelaide, having organised a branch, with prospects of organising 
others. The work rolling forth in the Hunter River District, the Saints 
in Sydney increasing in faith. There was three ordinations at this Con- 
ference, and Elder McCarthy was appointed on a mission in the interior, 
in which he laboured for three months. 

The reason of the non-appearance of the October number of the 
" Watchman" was in cousequence of pecunary difficulties, but through the 
blessing of the Lord the way was opened, so that another number was 
J issued on November 12, from which time it has continued to be issued, 
being freely distributed throughout the colony, thus it is instrumental in 
preaching the Gospel and in preparing the way for the Elders. 

On the 14th November 1853, in consequence of an invitation to go and 
reconcile the Book of Mormon and Doctrine and Covenants with the Doc- 
trine of Plurality, as stated in the " W^atchman," President Farnham pro- 
ceeded to Pennant Hills, about twenty-five miles distant, and succeeded in 
his mission, for on arriving there during a thunder storm, the conversation 
immediately began, and continued until 3 o'clock in the morriing. After 
a few hours reflection the man told him that(jiimself and wife^were ready 
'1*^ for baptism. About 3 o'clock, p.m. on the 15th they were aaministered 
unto. There has been considerable preaching at this place by the Presi- 
dent and Elder J. W. Fleming. 

November 28th. — A Branch was organised at Clarence Town, William's 

J '^ River, also another at Newcastle, on December 7th, composed principally 

^ :^ of Welch Saints who had come to work in the coal mines at that place. 

\':^ The account of the work from January 1st, 1854, will be found in the 

J Reports of the Conferences as published in the " Watchman" up to this 

^ date— April the 1st, 1855. 

From the foregoing it must be evident to all that the Lord has been with 
his servants, but when J-ke remainder Qf the progress of the work is con- 

^4 i5f" 





265 

sidered, as it is made known in the Minutes of the Conferences, how much 
more does the hand of the Lord appear, and what greater cause for thank- 
fulness the Elders and Saints have. But if a detailed history was given 
tb.e motive to gratitude and dependance upon God would be still greater. 
We acknowledge the hand dealing of our heavenly Father in all things and 
praise him for his mercies. Amen. 

P.S. — There has been about 24,000 tracts published and distributed in 
these colonies, besides some thousands that have been distributed that were 
sent from England. There has also been received from England several 
hundred pounds worth of books, and there is not now a supply of the 
standard works in the office, all this having been accomplished in little 
more than three years, through the instrumentality of weak, (and in the 
eyes of the world) contemptable agents. Is it not truly a " marvel and a 
wonder V Is it not an evidence that the " God of Jacob" is with the 
Elders of Israel, to whom be the glory. Amen. 




Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Published by A. Farnham, No. 103, Parramatta-stieet, Sydi^.ey. 



INDEX. 



A 




Page. 




Adam, our Fatber and God, 




137 




A word to our Opponents, 

C 
Celestial Marriage, from the See)\ 


... 


^5 






33 




Coming Crisis, „ „ 


88 


68 




Conference, Minutes, January 1854, 


... 


57 




„ „ April 1854, 


... 


90 




„ July 1854, 


... 


121 




., October 1854, ... 


,, 


154 




„ „ January 1855, 




201 




„ April 1855,- ... -; 


... 


256 




Correspondence between General J. Arlington Bennett, and General ) 


233 




Joseph Smith 

D 
Defence of Polygamy, by a Lady, 


/ 






171 




Deseret and Latter-Day Saints, by Stansbury ... 


... 


2 




Discourse, by J. Jones, 




139 




„ by H, C. Kembel, 




239 




„ last, by the Prophet Joseph Smith 


... 


249 




Divine Authenticity of the Book of Mormon 

E 




127 




EDITORIAL AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. 








Intelligence from Adelaide 


... 


40 


104 


„ „ Calcutta, 


... 


168 




„ „ Cape of Good Hope, 




168 




„ „ England, 


... 


152 




,, „ Honolulu 


.. 


40 


104 


„ „ Hunter River, 


... 


40 


85 


„ „ New Zealand, 


184 


200 


246 


„ S. W. Section 


... 


40 


104 


„ Salt Lake, 


39, 103, 


152 


246 


„ „ San Pedro, 


... 


152 




„ Sydney, 


40 


104 


152 


„ „ Victoria, 


40 


104 


248 


„ „ Interior, 


... 


40 




Editorial. Counsel, 


... 


86 




Elder Jones and the Rev. Dr. Fullerton, 




210 




General J. A. Bennett and General Joseph Smith, 


... 


248 




History of the Life of the Prophet, 




103 




Irishman and the Deacon, 


... 


216 




Interesting Discovery, 




245 




Milton on Polygamy, 


... 


209 




Standard of Truth, 


... 


208 




Emigration from Wales, 


•>. 


167 




Epicurean God, not the God of the Mormons, fby S. Ed.) .. 


... 


41 




Epistle Ninth, General, 


... 


52 




„ Eleventh, „ .. 


161 


180 


185 


„ First, 0. Pratt. 


,, 


121 




„ Second „ 


... 


105 




„ of the Presidency of the Australasian Mission, 


... 


153 




EXTRACTS— AM ERI CAN . 








Short History of the Mormons, 


... 


37 




Interesting Discovery, 




214 


245 


Letter from the Hon. L. H. Read, ... 


... 


63 




Mormon Operation in California, 


... 


167 




Mormonites from Australia, 


... 


167 




Mormonism, 


... 


169 




Mormons in San Bernardino, 


... 


150 





Programme of tlie 24th of July, 1854, 

The Temple, 

Extract of a Letter from Salt Lake, 
„ from M. Star, 

„ „ Letter from the Hon. J. M. Bernhisel, 

„ „ Ferris's Utah and the Mormons, 

F 

Faith and Doctrines of L. D. S. 



Gospel Witness, 



History of the Work in these Colonies, 

Hue and Cry, by S. Ed. ... ... ... 86 96 144 

M 
Mormonism, by J. Jones 

„ Chamber Tracts 


Obituary Death of Willard Richards 

„ „ Patriarch John Smith 

Opinion of the Reformers on the Law of Marriage 

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. 

Letters from Elder W. Hyde ... ... ... 73 157 184 

B. F. Pond ... 
President B. Young 
Elder T. C. Stayner 
Mr. A. Payne 
Elder J. Jones 

P 

POETRY, ORIGINAL. 

Death of Joseph and Hyrum by Elder W. Hyde ... 
„ Willard Richards by J. McCarthy 

Elder J. Jones 

Select Poetry 

Ruth by W. W. Phelps 
Home of the Saints 
Prospectus 

R 
Reply to the Christian Herald ... ... ... 25, 50 66 76 

Revelation to Joseph Smith, July 12th, 1843* 

S 
Sermon by O'Pratt 
Standard of Divine Truth by Rev. A. Corsen, L. L. D. 



... 


221 




218 


... 


125 


24 


72 


.. 


224 


... 


225 


... 


135 




191 


... 


260 


86 


96 




62 


... 


103 




129 




183 


... 


208 


73 


157 


... 


158 


89 


217 




124 


... 


126 


"i 


199 




83 




152 


... 


200 


... 


8 


... 


40 


... 


104 


... 


1 


25, 50 


66 


... 


22 




9 


... 


206 



ERRATA. 



p. L. 

2 15 after equitably read administered 

'• 31 instead of pary read party 

'■ 34 " of evidence read evidences 

6 8 " of different read diffident 
" 10 " of owne read own 

" 17 after been read indeed 

" 29 instead of weakness read weaknesses 

7 21 " of principle read principles 
'■ 2*^ after may read be 

'•' 30 instead of principle read principles 

8 3 " of name read names 

'' 5 " of i84o at read IH46 and 

9 19 after then read if 

'•' 30 instead of exortation read exaltation 
" last " of in read it 

12 37 " of John read Joseph 

13 1 " of their read this 

15 2 " of progenetors read progenitors 
" 25 before only read not 

22 9 instead of this read His 

23 48 " of his read this 

" 5 in the 13 Par. instead of elevation read 
exaltation 

" 6 in the 14 Par. instead of saitth read salth 
25 8 instead of ro read to 
20 2 " of Labana read Laban 
30 3 after of read the 

30 25 instead of wrested read wrestled 

31 8 " of past read post 

" 10 " of lasiah 13, 12 and 4 chaps, read 
Tsaiah 1st, 4 th and 11th chaps. 
33 22 instead of cnosulted read consulted 
36 20 before Theologions read let 

39 26 after roar out read of 

40 23 instead of wicket read wicked 
40 2 Poetry, instead of upn read upon 
47 43 instead of fuctions read functions 
49 4 after absurdities read of 

52 1 instead of of read to 
5413 " of arouse read arose 
f fl 10 after man read made 
69 44 instead of name read names 
69 4 " of took read take 
" last " of persona read personal 
72 20 " of your read four 
79 2 '•' of Chririst read Christ 
85 37 '•' of Bond read Pond 

96 4 " of serveillance read servility 

97 35 " of iying read lying 

98 31 " of section 10 read section 65 
10511 " of from read for 

" 14 after territory read which 

117 15 instead of but of read of but 

118 25 before humble read more 
121 18 instead of effect read affect 
199 28 " for read with 

133 36 " of lifted read left 



" 42 '•• of that read the 
134 17 " of ahall read shall 
" 21 " of he read she 

139 26 " of exhalt read exalt 

140 46 '•' of exhaltation read exaltation 

" last " ofexhalted read exalted, and in- 
stead of exhalt read exalt 

141 1 instead of exhalt read exalt 
12 1 " exhalted read exalted 

1 2 39 " of asscription read ascription 
145 18 " of unto read into 
147 41 " of see read seethe 
149 34 " of cann jt read can 
154 34 " of April read March 

" 44 " of Joseph read Josiah 
1.55 10 '■■ of sung read sang 

156 13 before seventy read one 

'• .51instead of letters read letter 

157 32 " of Snider read Snyder 

159 6 " of dealing read dealings 

160 48 before meeting read Tuesday evening 

l"i7 at the foot of the Eqistle read to be continued 

1(38 12 before she read that 
'■ 13 instead of persons read parsons 
" 24 '• of ministers read masters 

1 82 at the foot read to he continued 

184 36 instead of deviation read divination 

192 40 '• of othe wise read otherwise 

" 50 " of s irit read spirit, and instead of 

ife read life 
" 57 instead of fai h read faith 

193 24 " of su press read suppress 
" 40 " of he ven read heaven 

" 48 " c ntribute read contribute, and in- 
stead of i might read its might 
'• 49 instead of gos e lies in his read gospel lies 
in its, and instead of su ernatural read 
supernaturaj 'i 
" 50 instead of mfinifest read manifest 
" 51 " of ex cised read exercised 
" 44 '•' "ofo men read of men 

194 6 " of p ison read poison 

'200 1 1st verse, instead of Mauri read Maori 

" "2 12th " of Abram's read Abr'ham 

," 2 nth " of they have read they've 

.;''''■ 1 19th " Mauri read Maori 

'•' 1 2 th " of exhalted read exalted 

205 3 instead of ransom read ransom'd 
214 20 after years read ago 
" 34 instead of Nor h read North 
*^220 7 " of about read above 
230 8 " department read deportment 

240 12 '■ of peparing read preparing; 
" 40 " of gr«ater read great 

241 1 " of sun read son 
245 last after it read is 

2!8 7 instead of if read is 
" 20 " of Halington read Arlingtoa 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

C5urr|) of Se^u^ Cljnst ot ilatter Bay .^aiitt^^, 

IN SYDNEY. 



No. 1. TUESDAY, MAY 15, 1855. Vol. II. 

EXTRACT FROM THE VIII. CHAPTER OF THE BOOK OF 
MORONI, THE SON OF MORMON. 

And now my son I speak unto you concerning that wliich grie\ eth me 
exceedingly ; for it grieveth me that there should disputations rise among 
you. Forif I have learned the trulh, there has been disputations among 
you concerning the baptism of your little children. And now my son, I 
desire that ye should labor diligently, that this gross error should be re- 
moved from among you ; for, for this intent I have written this epistle. 
For immediately after I had learned these things of you I inquired of the 
Lord concerning the matter. And the word of the Lord came to me by 
the power of the Holy Ghost, saying, listen to the words of Christ, your 
Redeemer, your Lord and your God. Behold, I came into the world not 
to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance ; the whole need no phy- 
sician, but they that are sick ; wherefore little children are whole, for they 
are not capable of committing sin ; wherefore the curse ot x\dam is taken 
from them in me, that it hath no power over them ; and the law of circum- 
cision is done away in me. And after this manner did the Holy Ghost 
manifest the word of God unto me ; wherefore my beloved son, I know 
that it is solemn mockery before God, that ye should baptize little children. 
Behold I say unto you, that this thing shall ye teach, repentance and bap- 
tism imto those who are accountable and capable of committing sin ; yea, 
teach parents that they must repent and be baptized, and humble themselves 
as their little children, and they shall all be saved with their little children ; 
and their little children need no repentance, neither baptism. Behold, bap- 
tism is unto repentance to the fulfilling the commandments unto the remis- 
sion of sins. But little children are alive in Christ, even from the founda- 
tion of the world ; if not so, God is a partial God, and also a changeable God, 
and a respecter of persons ; for how many little children have died without 
baptism. Wherefore, if little children could not be saved without baptism, 
these must have gone to an endless hell. Behold I say unto you, that he 
that supposeth tliat little children need baptism, is in the gall of bitterness, 
and in the bonds oi iniquity ; for he hath neither faith, hope, nor charity ; 
wherefore, sliould he be cut off while in the thought, he must go down to 
hell. For awful is the wickedness to suppose that God saveth one child be- 



2;- 

cause of baptism, jind the other must perish because he halh no baptism^ 
Wo be unto him tisat shall pervert the ways of the Lord alter this manner, 
for they shall perish, except they repent. Behold, I speak vvldi boldness, 
having authority from God ; and I fear not what man can do ; for perfect 
love casteth out all fear ; and I am filled with charity, which is everlasting 
love ; wherefore all chikh-en are alike unto me ; wherefore 1 love little 
children with a perfect love ; and they are all alike, and partakers of salva- 
tion. For I know that God is not a partial God, neither a changeable being; 
but he is unchangeable from all eternity to all eternity. Little children 
cannot repent ; wherefore it is awful wickedness to deny the pure merciei^ 
of God unto them, for they are all alive in him because of his mercy. And 
he that saith that little children need baptism, denieth the mercies of Christ, 
and setteth at nought the atonement of him and the power of his redempticn. 
Wo unto such, for they are in danger of death, hell, and an endless torment. 
I speak it boldly, God hath commanded me. Listen unto them and give 
heed, or they stand against you at the judgment seat of Christ. For be- 
hold that all little children are alive in Christ, and also all they that are 
without the law. For the power of redemption cometh on all they thathave 
no law ; wherefore, he that is not condemned, or he that is under no condem- 
nation, cannot repent ; and unto such baptism availeth nothing. But it is 
mockery before God, denying the mercies of Christ, and the power of his 
holy spirit, and putting trust in dead works. Behold, my son, this thing 
ought not to be ; for repentance is unto then! that are under condemnation 
and under the curse of a broicen law. And the first fruits of repentance is 
baptism ; and baptism cometh by faith, unto the fulfilling the command- 
ments ; and the fulfilling the commandments bringeth remission of sins ; 
and the remission of sins bringeth meekness, and lowliness of heart, and be- 
cause of meekness, and lowliness of heart, cometh the visitation of the Holy 
Ghost, which comforter filleth with hope and perfect love, which love 
endureth by diligence unto prayer, until the end shall come, when all the 
saints shall dwell with God. 



DISCOURSE. 

By Elder Orson Pratt, Tabernacle, October 7, 1854. 

We will bring up the subject upon which others have spoken, and that 
which more immediately concerns us, viz. : the Perpetual Emigrating Fund. 
What is it ? For what was it established ? What are your duties in regard 
to this fund, and in relation to your fellow-beings, your brethren and sisters, 
and their families that are scattered abroad in the midst of those wretched, 
wicked and abominable governments ? 

W^e have already been informed, and taught from this stand, by those who 
are filled with the Holy Ghost, by those who are filled with the inspiration 
of the Almighty, setting forth the necessity, and importance of being awake 
in regard to the condition of the saints that are scattered abroad. W^e are 
apt to forget the things we ought to do though they are told to us in plain- 
ness. We think in our hearts, ' Well we will go and do as we have been 
told; it looks beautiful and very consistent ; it seems to be the very law by 
whicli we should be governed, and when we go from this conference, we 
will make all the necessary arrangements to fulfil and comply with this law 



and hearken to the counsels and instructions that have been given ;* but 
straightway as you go out of the Tabernacle, and get out of the voice of the 
servants of God, the devil conies along, and begins to whisper in your ears, 
and tells you to be a little selfish, saying, *Look out more for yourselves, 
for your wives, and for your children ; they may go hungry — they may want 
food, and houses, and ten thousand other things, and unless you put forth 
your hands, and exert your energies to provide for thent, they may be 
brought into giea suiTering ; and again, perhaps there may be some great 
trials ahead of the saints, tJiere may be pinching times ; it would be well for 
you to look out a little, and be prepared against these times of trial," etc. 
And thus the good word that is sown in your hearts by the Holy Spirit 
begins to be caught away, one principle after another, until finally selfish- 
ness has full control over your movements, and it is the last thing you think 
of to do unto otliers as you would others do unto you under the same cir- 
cumstances. 

The Lord is going to gather his saints, and we are already gathered, a 
gre.it h )st of us into this Territory ; but let me tell you this is hardly a 
bc'ginning ; many nations are yet to be gathered unto the name of the Lord 
of Hosts, unto Mount Zion, where they can be taught in the ways of the 
Lord, and be instructed to walk in his paths, and understand the principles 
of true government, and their duties towards one another, and towards the 
God whom they intend to worship and serve. Nations not a few, are 
to be gathered, and to go up for that purpose. 

This is just laying the foundation ; it is a little nucleus, and a few thou- 
sands are gathering to it year after year ; but the work that is now com • 
menced will increase, and continue to increase, like the stone that was hewn 
out of the mountain. In the first place, the stone taken out of the mountain 
is much smaller than the mountain, but finally it increases to that magnitude 
that it begins to be a great mountain, not merely to fill one small territory, 
but as Daniel said, ' it became a great mountain and filled the whole earth.* 

Very well then, the saints are to be gathered, and they are to come not 
only by thousands, but tens of thousands, scores of thousands, and hundreds 
of thousands, are to be assembled from among the nations. How is this to 
be brought about ? Through the servants of the living God. This is what 
the Lord told us before one saint was gathered. In a revelation, given in 
the presence of six elders, in Sept. 1830, the Lord says, * Ye are called to 
bring to pass the gathering of mine elect, for mine elect hear my voice, and 
harden not their hearts ; and the decree hath gone forth from the Father, 
that they shall be gathered in unto one place upon the face of this land.' 

That is the decree that has gone forth ; it is ordained in the heavens, and 
it will come to pass. As the saints have already been gathered here into 
this Territory, even so will it continue to be fulfilled until the last of the 
elect of God are assembled from the four corners of the earth. 

The servants of God are the ones that are called to bring to pass this 
work, says the revelation. In obedience to this declaration, and in fulfil- 
ment of this prophecy, the Holy Ghost wrought upon the heart of our Presi- 
dent, to establish a fund — a Perpetual Emigrating Fund, to bring about this 
great work ; he laid the foundation of it ; he proposed it to the people, and 
explained the nature of it ; how it was to be used ; how it was to be con- 
trolled ; and how it should be made lasting and perpetual in its nature, to 



accomplish the design of the Almighty in gathering his elect fr'>jn the fonr 
winds of heaven. Shall we then, as saints of the Most High, coiwe here and 
sit down in our fine habitations, and upon our farms, and inheritances, and 
let this great work of the last days come to naught through our carelessness 
and indifference ? No, brethren ; let it not be recorded in the archives of 
the eternal world that we will thus do, when our brethren have stretched 
out their hands to help us to this place. Let not the news fly to eternal 
worlds that we are not willing to do to our brethren scattered abroad, as they 
have been willing to do to us, when we were in a scattered condition 

I do not know what more can be said, tiian what other speakers have 
already said upon this subject. Our President said he would be glad to 
l^ave some six discourses, each six hours long, preached to the people upon 
the subject of doing their duty unto others in regard to this fund. And I 
have no doubt he included every other duty between man and man, so far as 
it could be done in that short period of time, for 36 hours could not begin 
to be time enough for a man to tell the people all their duties. Many 
people think that all the duties of uv<in are recorded in the Bible ; that idea 
is held by maijy of fclie sectarian world ; they think this book contains all 
the duties in regard to the relationships between man and man, and that it 
is a sufficient rule of faith and practice ; and enough to govern them in all 
their dealings with each other, and in their duties towards their God. 

Let me tell you, if any one man's duties (if he lived to be an old man) 
were clearly written, and foretold before he was born, it w^ould take a larger 
volume than the Bible to contain them all ; and when we consider the thou- 
sands and millions of human beings that are on the earth now, and the mil- 
lions that have dropped into their graves in ages past, it is absurd to sup- 
pose that one such volume could point out all their duties, even if they all 
could have been foretold by the spirit of prophecy. 

For instance, the duties of to-day, if written, would require something like 
one page ; and as every day's duties would be different the one from the 
other, it would require three hundred and sixty-five pages in one year, 
which in seventy years would amount to upwards of twenty-five thousand 
pages, which would have to be recorded to point out the duties of one indi- 
vidual towards his fellow-man. Think not then, that six discourses each, 
only six hours long, could make known to you the whole of your duties 
towards each other through life. 

This is the reason why the Lord has appointed a living priesthood on the 
earth ; why he has sent down the Holy Ghost from heaven, why it enters 
the heart of man, and inspires him with knowledge and information concern- 
ing his own duties, and the duties of others also, that he may impart to 
them, week after week, and from one meeting to another, in public and in 
private, before large assemblies and in the family circle, every principle and 
duty that is necessary to be known ; that his family, his wives and his chil- 
dren, and the Church of God at large may be taught by the Holy Ghost — 
the Comforter that guides into all truth ; it is that power that instructs men 
in regard to all their duties. 

Then let not the immigrants — the saints that have come into this Terri- 
tory in former years, as well as those who have come here the present year, 
be asleep upon this subject, but awake from a deep sleep. You know what 
the parable says on the subject of the kingdom of God in the last days, 



comparing it to ten virgins, that took their lamps and went forth to meet the 
bridegroom. They did not stay abroad among the nations. Then, says 
Jesus, ' The kingdom of heaven shall be likened unto ten virgins.' Not the 
kingdom he built up in his own day, and in the days of his apostles, who 
were with him in the flesh ; but '^ then,'' having reference to what was pre- 
viously spoken in the foregoing verses, concerning his second coming in the 
clouds of heaven in power and great glory. ' Then shall the kingdom of 
heaven be likened unto ten virgins, who took their lamps, and went forth 
from among the nations ; some took oil in their lamps, and some did not, 
but let their lamps go out, only having barely lighted up their wicks a 
little, which contained no oil to feed the flame ; and they all slumbered 
and slept ; but by and bye, about midnight, v^hen they were all in a sound 
slumber, a cry is heard, ' behold the bridegroom cometh, go ye out to meet 
him,' that awaked them all up.' 

Now it would be much bettter for us to wake up before the midnight cry 
is sounded in our ears. We gathered here and brought lamps with us, have 
we got oil in them I Are we doing the things God requires at our hands ? 
Are we doing unto others that we would have others do to us under the 
same circum,stances ? If you want to know just precisely your duties 
towards your fellow man, always ask yourselves this question, " If I were 
placed in that man's or in that woman's condition, how should I desire that 
they should do unto me ? ' And whatsoever you would have men do to 
you, do ye even the same to them.' We can always teJJ what we should 
do by changing circumstances and places, by placing ourselves in other's 
circumstances, we can see what we would wish them to do to us under those 
circumstances, and thus find out what we should do for those in that con- 
dition. 

What does the Lord intend to do ? He is introducing a new dispensa- 
tion ; yet it is the gospel dispensation, the same as all other dispensations ; 
the gospel is included in this new dispensation. The Lord intends to do a 
great many things in this dispensation he never did in former ones ; and a 
great many things that were in former ones will eventually be done away 
in this new one. What is to be done away ? A great many things Jesus 
taught on the Mount will actually have to be done away in this new dis- 
pensation. A great many things were given to meet the circumstances of 
the people, that when they all become righteous many of those laws and re- 
gulations that were given to them in an imperfect state will vanish away ; 
they will be of no use ; they are like the platform erected around an edifice, 
which serves a good purpose for the time being, but when the edifice is com- 
pleted, the platform is taken away. 

We are told a great deal about the poor in former dispensations ; how to 
deal with them, and the laws that were given to regulate ma!ikind in dealing 
their alms to them. Will this always be the case ? No, but the time will 
come when there will be no poor. The object of this last dispensation is to 
make the people one as the Father and the Son are one, or as the Book of 
Doctrine and Covenants says, to make them equal in earthly things that 
they may be made equal in heavenly things.' 

To bring about tins object, and do away with poverty and make all the 
people rich, the Lord has introduced laws, and rulers, and governors to teach 
us our duty while poverty reigns in the world. If you think it hard to pay 



6 

back a just and honest debt to the Perpetual Emigration Fund, what will you 
think when the pure laws of God are introduced, and you are required by 
his law to pay over every farthing you have in the world ; not only to pay 
your just and honest dues to the Perpetual Emigration Fund, but to pay 
everything in your possession. If you cannot deal justly in relation to these 
small accounts, how is to be expected you will perform the pure law of God 
— the law of consecration ? I tell you, we have got to begin and attend 
faithfully to these small things. But when we are first born into his king- 
dom we cannot run alone ; we are not able to prance, and trot, and caper 
about ; he has therefore ordained certain helps, and governments, and laws 
to govern us while we are in the creeping state, and trying to advance into 
a more perfect order of things. This Perpetual Emigration Fund is one of 
those helps, ordained to assist us in our imperfect and weak state ; by and 
bye when the full law of God comes in force these helps can then be dis- 
pensed with. When that will be, I do not know, but 1 have an idea that it 
will not be until we get back to Jackson County, for the Lord has told us in 
one revelation in substance as follows, ' Let these laws I have given con- 
cerning my people in Jackson County be fulfilled after the redemption of 
Zion.' 

The Lord is beginning to redeem Zion. You must not suppose because 
you are away here in Utah, that you are out of the reach of the Lord's 
working for the redemption of Zion ; for he has been working ever since 
we were scattered from that land, to bring it about, and we are becoming 
more and more of one heart and one mind ; more and more willing to 
hearken to counsel. You see among this people a very different spirit 
manifested, from what was manifested some ten, fifteen, and twenty years 
ago. How ready and willing they generally are to receive the instructions 
and counsel of those God has ordained to teach them. 

We can see how the Lord has prospered us as a people since we came to 
this Territory, and how everything has worked for our good through obey- 
ing the counsel of those God has appointed for our consolation, happiness, 
and benefit, both temporally and spiritually. All this has a tendency to the 
redemption of Zion ; it is all making to that great point. Whenever the 
properties of this church shall be consecrated to it, and the saints receive 
their stew ardships, it will all be tending to bring about that which is so often 
spoken of in ancient and modern revelations. 

The Perpetual Emigration Fund is one of the helps that is introduced to 
lead us previous to our getting into that more perfect state ; and when we 
get into that, it will all be Perpetual Fund, or any other kind of funds we 
please to name, for the property will all be consecrated unto the Lord, with 
a deed and covenant that cannot be broken ; then the servants of God can 
take the whole of the property and use it according to the mind and will of 
God, and it will be all Perpetual Fund, and all tithing funds, and all public 
building funds ; for it will be just the kind of funds the Lord shall direct to 
accomplish whatever is designed in his wise purposes through his servants. 

Let us step forward, and build up this fund, and take hold of simple 
things, if we ever expect to receive the greater ones. We had excellent 
preaching this forenoon as to practical duties ; this has been my manner of 
preaching when abroad upon the eaith, except on my last mission ; on that, 
I was sent to preach the doctrine of plurality of wives. In all my preach- 



ing on other missions, I have endeavoured to be just as practical as possible 
among tlie people, showing them their every-day duties. I have published 
many pamphlets and works, and in the most of them, I have published the 
simple, plain, easy principles of the gospel. It is true, in answering some 
queries that have been put forth by the world, I have been obliged to deviate 
in some of my publications from the plain and simple course 1 have gene- 
rally pursued in my works. 

For instance, the world read in the revelations we have received that there 
are more Gods than one. This is something that does not immediately con- 
cern us ; but yet opposers get up and contend against us, and prejudice the 
mmds of congregations against the people of God, because they profess to 
believe, not only in a plurality of wives, but also in a plurality oi Gods ; it 
is necessary to show th(,'m the reasons for our belief — the whys and the 
wherefores ^ and this I endeavoured to do in some of my last publications ; 
not because I had more light upon this subject than many others, but I 
endeavoured to do it for the benefit of the people — to show them wherein 
we believe in the plurality of Gods, and yet acknowledge only one God. I 
believe both of these principles with all my heart. I believe there is only 
one wise God, and I believe there is an immense number of Gods. The 
people know we believe these doctrines, and they publish ajrainst us on this 
ground : and if we should not take up any arguments to explain the matter, 
it would only serve to rivet down their prejudices on their hearts. Notwith- 
standing this, it was always more delightful to me in all my preachings 
abroad, and in any publications I have sent forth, to dwell upon faith„ re- 
pentance, baptism for the remission of sins, and the gift of the Holy Ghost 
by the laying on of hands, and upon the plain simple every day duties of the 
saints, showing them what to do in order to obtain eternal life in the king- 
dom of God. 

So far as I have ever preached abroad in the world, and published, one 
thing is certain, I have not published anything but what I verily believed to 
be true, however much I may have been mistaken, and I have generally 
endeavoured to show the people from the written word of God, as well as 
reason, wherein it was true. This has been my general course. I may 
have erred in some principles ; I do not profess to be wise, or to have more 
understanding than many others. I am not called with the same calling as 
those who preside over all the church. I may not have as great a degree of 
the spirit of revelation ; but I have always tried in my teachings, and in 
my proclamations, and publications, where I could not get light by the 
Spirit of the Lord (or did not get light ; I will not say could not, for I 
believe it is the privilege of all elders, authorities, and members of the 
Church of God to get light by the Spirit of the Lord), but where I did not 
get light by the Spirit of the Lord, I have generally been careOal to back up 
all the doctrines and principles I set forth by reason, or by. Thus saith the 
Lord ; in some revelation either ancient or modern. Previous to declaring 
a doctrine, I have always inquired in my own mind, ' Can this doctrine be 
])roved by revelation given, or by reason, or can it not V If I found it 
could be proved, I set forth the doctrine ; but if I found there was no evi- 
dence to substantiate it, I laid it aside ; in all this, however, I may have 
erred, for to err is human. 

I feel thankful to God this day that I stand in the midst of a gr?at and 



.8 

good people, that are willing to practice the principles of eternal truth and 
righteousness, and those mysteries about the plurality of Gods, and the 
plurality of worlds also are good in their places ; God has revealed them, 
and they are intended for our good and instruction, or he never would have 
revealed them. 

But to go back to the words of our text ; that is the thing that most con- 
cerns us at present. It should be laid before the minds of the people, and 
instilled into their hearts week after week ; they should be taught and in- 
structed in sudi a way and manner that these mysteries, when we get the 
true light upon them, may do us good. When the Lord sees fit to pour out 
wisdoin and knowledge, and mysteries, and understanding from the heavens, 
may we, by practical works, faith, and diligence in doing our duties one 
towards another, and towards our God, be able to receive them, and have 
them do us good. The time will come when the Lord will reveal all these 
things ; every tiling in the heavens, on the earth, and under the earth ; and 
everything pertaining to ihe soul of man will be proclaimed by the sounding 
oi trumpets in the ears of all living. 

I will adopt the old saying, ' I feel first rate.' It does me good to get 
back into L tali Territory, after having been gone two years, to behold the 
faces of the saints again, and rejoice in their midst, and to bearjuy weak and 
humble testimony of the truth of this great and glorious work. It is now 
over twenty-four years since I was baptised into this church ; it was twenty 
four years on the 19th of last month since I was baptized, and became a 
men^ber of this church. I have seen it rise to its present greatness from 
a very few individuals that composed the whole church in 1830. There 
were then, perhaps, not fifty Latter Day Saints in the whole world ; and 
every year brings to pass the fulfilment of the sayings, and predictions, and 
revelations of Joseph, the prophet. 

The work is rolling on as rapidly as the wheels of time will permit. I 
well recollect a revelation given upwards of twenty-three years ago. What 
did the Lord say when we were only a little handful ? Said he, ' It is neces- 
sary that my elders should go forth into all the regions round about, and 
preach niy gospel, and many shall be converted ; and ye shall have power 
to organize yourselves according to the laws of man.' This was spoken 
before we began to gather. What was the use of organizing ourselves accor- 
ding to tlie laws of nian ? ' That you may break every band wherewith the 
enemy seekeih to destroy, and that you may keep my laws.' Has not this 
been fufiUed ? Look at tiie time that prophecy was given, aw;ay back 
nearly twenty-four years ago. Has it come to pass ? Are we not organized 
according to the laws of man ? Are not many converted just as the reve- 
lation predicted ? And are we not in a position by being organized here in 
Utah Territory according to the laws of man, to break the bands of the 
eneiny tl^at they may not destroy us as a people. If mobs undertake to 
afilict us here, they will find it very difficult, because we are organized 
according to the laws of man. If they use any exertion, or any influence to 
bring about the destruction of this people, we are organized according to the 
laws of man, and can fight them with their own weapons. 

Not only was this for the purpose of our being secure from the hands of 
our eneniies, but, * that ye may be able to keep my laws.' That was 
another reason tiie Lord gave in the same revelation. Are there not some 



laws of God that we could not keep if we were scattered over the other States 
and Territories, unorganized according to the laws of man ? Yes, there are 
laws of the greatest moment that have a bearing upon the present and future 
destiny of this people ; that have a bearing upon taeir eternal glory, exal- 
tation, and everlasting happiness. These laws never could have been kept 
liad we not been organized according to the laws of man. The Lord has 
fulfilled this revelation thus far ; how much more complete this or'^^aniza- 
tion may become hereafter, I know not, neither do I care. 

It was not the invention of man, nor the power and wisdom of man that 
organized this kingdom, but the God we worship and serve, who made the 
heavens and the earth. He made this kingdom and organized it, and estab- 
lished it ; it is all his, and he holds it in his own hands ; and the same 
great Being rules and governs the wicked : he controls them, and he will 
fulfil every word that has been given through the mouths ofhis servants, as 
he tells us in the preface of the Book of DoL'trine and Covenants : ' These 
commandments and prophecies shall be fulfilled ; though the heavens and 
the earth shall pass away, not one iota or tittle of the commandments of that 
book shall pass away.' 

Everything will roll round, roll round, roll round in its times and seasons 
until this kingdom shall spread forth, and the dominion and the greatness of 
it will cover the whole face of the earth, and there will not be a dog to move 
his tongue from the Rocky Mountains to the uttermost parts of the earth, 
but all be in subjection to the kingdom of Christ ; all must become subject 
to her laws ; and the great nations of the earth — mighty nations, not a few, 
ere long will come up to Zion, to seek wisdom and knowledge from the coun- 
sellors in Zion. They will read her laws, and say, ' Our laws are as 
nothing, our wisdom as foolishness, our words like the tow that is exposed 
to the devouring flame, we are broken asunder, torn into fragments, and 
ready to crush under our own weight ; but your laws, government, and 
officers, are all good, righteous, just and true ; surely the God of Israel is 
in your midst. Come let us go up to Zion, let us hear from the wise legis- 
lators of Zion, and let us hear the laws proclaimed therein ; let us learn of 
the wisdom that dwells in the servants of the Most High.' And they will 
come up with their armies, and their mighty men, and their judges, and their 
rulers, and kings will come to the brightness of her rising, and the gentiles 
will come like a flowing stream, and the gates of Zion will be open day 
and night, and never be shut to admit the forces that will come rushing in 
from all nations, to learn the wisdom, knowledo-e, and instruction that are 
poured out from the heavens upon the servants of the Most High. 

If we are looking forward to such a glorious time — to such a happy period 
let us endeavour to prepare ourselves, and awake from our slumber, and do 
the duties required at our hands. Pay up your debts, pay them up to the 
Perpetual Emigration Fund ; and let the means be sent back immediately, 
that those who are starving to death, and are ground down with tyranny, 
may enjoy the same privileges as you. Remember them and God will 
remember you. But if you turn your back upon these principles, and will 
not seek to do unto others as you would have them do to you ; if you will 
not listen to the instructions of our prophet, and to the instructions of 
others who have spoken on this stand, you will wither away like a dried 
reed, and you will bear no authority, and that you have will be taken from 
you, and you will be lefl poor and miserable, and become the ofF-scouring of 
the earth, jmder the curse of the Almighty for your disobedience. — Deseret 
News . 



10 

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. 



Brig '^ Tarquenia," April 26th, lb55. 
Dear President Farnham, 

Sir, — Being called to leave my present field of labour, and return 
home, I write to let you and the brethren generally know how the 
wo"k of ^he Lord has prospered in this colony since I have been 
placed in this field. 

As is generally 'known, I arrived here about two years ago, under 
most discouraging circumstances, but by the favour of the Lord my 
way has been continually opened before me, and a good work has 
been wrought in this part of the vineyard ; many have been baptized, 
and many have been looked up, who had emigrated to this country 
for the purpose of opening their way to Zion ; but so far as my ob- 
servation is concerned many of these have made shipwreck of their 
faith — others remain faithful. About 13 have been looked up, and 
57 have been baptised, in all about 70 in this colony. Those who 
have been baptised are faithful Saints, only one of them has been 
cut off. Since my arrival seven Elders have been ordained, who 
have all proved faithful to their calling. There has also been four 
Priests ordained, and one Teacher. When I received my recall the 
field looked more fit for harvest than it had previously. There is a 
good field of labour for a few faithful Elders in this country. 

Since the information has arrived, calling tor my return, I have 
been called to perform another part in the great work of the last 
days, by the Presidency of this mission. That is of gathering the 
sheep and taking them to the fold. When they received the infor- 
mation they manifested the greatest anxiety to obey that command- 
ment also, and leave the place where the judgments of God only 
linger for the destruction of the wicked after the righteous are 
gathered. 

After receiving my instructions I proceeded immediately to can- 
vas the country to find out how many could emigrate. After vi- 
siting South Australia, and the branches in Victoria, I found that I 
could safely depend on forty-five. I then immediately engaged a 
vessel to take us to San Pedro, South California, but as the time 
draws near for sailing it appears probable that we shall have about 
sixty in passengers, being from 75 to 80 souls. 

Being nearly ready to sail, and perhaps leave the southern clime 
for ever, I wish to leave my testimony of the truth of the work in 
which I am engaged, having proven for myself the truth of sam3 by 
an experience of about fourteen years; and have proven tbrt the 
blessings have and do follow the believers now as in the days of the 
Apostles ; and that the blessings mentioned by Paul, in the 12th 
chapter of Cor., are now realized by the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints. I have proven that the like causes produce the 



11 

like effects ; and that God gives His spirit as anciently to baptized 
believers, through the laying on of hands, as will be fo^und recorded 
in the eighth and nineteenth chapters of Acts. It was ordained that 
Joseph 5>mith should be a prophet, to come forth in the last days, to 
usher in the fulness of the dispensation of the fulness of times, when 
God would gather all things in on^, both things in heaven and things 
on the earth ; and he has sealed his testimony with his blood, by the 
hands oi a ruthless mob, by whom he was slain on June 27, 1844. 

As he testified of things in life, so also in death, for he left his 
people saying that he was going " like a lamb to the slaughter. 
This proved to be true, for he never returned alive. He performed 
the greatest work ever done on the earth, Jesus excepted ; and now 
all men are called upon to repent and be baptized for the remission 
of sins, and have hands laid upon them for the gifj of the Holy Ghost, 
in the name of Jesus Christ, such as comply with these conditions 
will have the spirit to lead them into all truth, and show them things 
to come ; but if they keep not this law, they w ill suffer loss, in this 
world, and in that which is to come, which loss will be as eternal as 
their duration. All men vy^ill do well in keeping the commandments 
of Jesus and His Father : such will know of the doctrine whether it 
is true or not ; whether it is of men or of God. 

May the light of the truth that issues from Jesus enlighten all the 
honest in heart, is the prayer of one that is obliged to leave, and he 
instructs all who may have received the truth at his hands, to grow 
in grace and the love of the truth, until they arrive at the fulness of 
all truth. My love to all saints, may the way be opened for them 
to gather, not forgeting yourself. 

Yours in the bonds of the Covenant, 

BURR FROST. 

To President Augustus Farnham. 



EDITORIAL AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. 

The Saints generally, from the past usefulness of the Watchman^ 
being desirous that it should be continued as heretofore, we therefore 
present them and the public with the first number of the second 
volume. Trusting to the Lord for His Holy Spirit, to assist and 
guide us in this high and responsible undertaking, and also depending 
on the Saints for their faith, prayers, and means to sustain it ; that it 
may continue to be issued regularly. 

We shall avail ourselves of our past experience, and the ability 
^iven unto us to make the Watchman as instructive and as interest- 



12 

in^ as possible ; for this end we request all Presidents to keep us 
correctly informed, of any particular events or circumstances, tlut 
may transpire in their respective fields of labour, having a bearing on 
the interest of the cause, and also of the state of the work of the Lord 
and the statistics thereof. 

By the latest intelligence from New Zealand, Elder Cooke informs 
us of his labours and travels over a considerable portion of that colony. 
He has met with much success in preaching, and many are receiving 
the truth and being united with the saints of the Most High. He 
has visited several of the most populous cities and towns, and has 
found many honest inquirers after the knowledge of God ; who 
manifest a desire to learn the true foundation and principles of the 
Church ol Jesus Christ as it is established in these days. 

These, being persons of candour, and such as are accustomed to re- 
flect, they are led by the contentions, de visions and sub-divisions that 
exists amongst the professing christians; to see, that the princi- 
ples of salvation are quite different to those that are taught by 
the hireling priests of the day ; an hireling priesthood that would, 
were they not restrained, do as did the unbelieving Jews, who 
put to death the Son of God, so would these hirelings who have 
magnified themselves before men ; if they were not restrained by well 
established laws. They would endeavour to destroy the servant of 
God in these days. 

This feeling has been manifested to a considerable extent in New 
Zealand, by those who are placed at the head of the people as teachers 
of righteousness, who teach not by the wisdom of God, but of man. 
The hireling teachers in New Zealand have been so inveterate in their 
opposition to the gospel, and many of the inhabitants so eager in their 
enquiries after it, that we already begin to see fulfilled in a degree 
the important prophesy contained in the following acrostic : — 

(composed by elder JONES ON OUR DEPARTURE TO OPEN THE GOSPEL 
IN THAT COLONY,) 

F ear not, for the Lord will you bless, 
A nd crown your labours with success ; 
R ighteousness shall win its way, 
N o power can withstand its sway. 
H ell may rage and the Hirelings howl, 
A nd cry, alas ! our crafts will fail, 
M aori's son w\\\ the truth obey. 

This opposition to the Gospel in New Zealand is not singular, for 
this occurs wherever it is preached by authorized messengers. When- 
ever the Elders of Israel go amongst a people who are sitting in 
darkness, and who are lulled into cornel security by the delusive 
teachings of men who profess to teach the way of salvation ; but who 
have not been "called of God" to that office " as Aaron was " to his, 
but have been placed there by the sleight of men, who with cunning 



13 

craftiness lay in wait to deceive; these rise up against the servants 
of God, and for a time hiy down their contensions to unite in oppos- 
ing the principles of truth, in this we are not surprised, for the 
Apostle foretold that in these days " evil men and seducers" should 
" wax worse and worse, deceiving and being deceived." Whilst we 
are continually receiving information, from every town and village, 
where the Elders have entered ; that these men who thus stand at the 
head of society, are rejecting the Gcspel of Christ, and denying the 
Kevelations of God, as they have been made known to His servants, 
in these the last day, we are led to say with the prophet, Micah 3 
chaps, and 11 verse, " The heads thereof judge for reward ; and the 
Priest thereof teach for hire," and also of Paul's sayings, 2 Tim. 3, 5, 
were he describes them as " having a form of Godliness, but denying 
the power thereof from such turn-a-way," and he farther describes them 
in the 7th verse, as " ever learning and never coming to a knowledge 
of the truth." We are warranted in saying with him, that the false 
teachers of this would-be-wise generation are men of " corrupi minds 
reproba^te concerning the faith, that is, the faith once delivered unto 
the saints. 

Since our last issue we have made another visit to Victoria, 
or the purpose of assisting a company of saints, to prepare to 
embark for the land of America ; there to assemble with their brethren 
and sisters, the saints of God. They w ere shipped on board the Brig 
" Farquenia," under the charge of Elder Burr Frost, who has the 
oversight of them until they arrive at San Bernardino. The Com- 
pany numbered 72 souls, 27 of whom were led up to Port Phillip 
from Adelaide by A. P. Dowdle ; the two companies met, when, 
(altho' it may appear strange to many) they appeared like old ac- 
quaintances ; a perfect union existed amongst them, they all rejoiced 
in the Gospel of Christ. They put to sea on the 27th of April, all 
well and in good spirits. 

Elders P. Smith and H. Owens are returninghome with this com- 
pany. Elder Dowdle still remains to assist in rolling forth the work 
in this colony. 

There are many Saints remaining in Victoria, who are making 
every effort to gather out as soon as circumstances will permit. The 
prospects are good for a much wider spread of the Gospel through 
that colony. The work is being prospered in the hands of the Elders ; 
the Lord working with them to establish His word, to the convincing 
of the honest in heart, of the importance of Salvation. 

The news from Adelaide is quite cheering, the saints generally are 
rejoicing in the work of the Latter-days ; several Elders are labour- 
ing under the Presidency of Elder John W. Norton, and all who 
may happen to listen to him, or any other of the servants of the Lord 
labouring there, will do well to pay heed to the same, and to examine 
for themselves whether the work be of God or of man. 

Elders are travelling in different parts of this Colony ; they meet 



14 

with much opposition, but truth must prevail, and it will soon break 
down the strong holds of satan ; for the Lord has promised that He 
will give the kingdom to the people of the saints of the Most High, 
see Dan. 7, ^7. The word of the Lord by His prophets will be ful- 
filled. 

Have not then, the Saints of Latter-da} s, the greatest reason to 
rejoice in these great and glorious principles, .^aints who have 
covenanted to keep the commandments of God, and to walk in obe- 
dience to His will, conforming to all His laws and ordinances, as fast 
as thev are made known to them by His authorised servants. 1 bus 
receiving instructions from and increasing in the knowledge of Him, 
who is eternal by means of continual Revelation, which will lead them 
into all truth, that is in Christ Jesus. 

H'e answer yes, they have cause to rejoice, and they are rejoicing 
for the Spirit of the Lord is resting on His people, and they are 
gathering to Zion with songs of joy and triumph, singing 
O Babylon ! O Babylon ! we bid thee farewell, 
We're going to the Mountains of Ephrain to dwell. 

We have just received advices from Liverpool, England, whereby 
we are informed that a paicel of Books has been sent out with the 
Boomerang, which may be expected in Sydney in a few days, when 
we shall have a supply of the 15th volume of the Star, also of the 
first volume of the Seer, both complete. 

The work of the Lord is carrying a more deep and powerful influence 
through England and continental burope, than it has ever done 
before. 

\A'e have also just received a letter from the Presidency in Zion, 
peace and prosperity prevails there, public works progressing. The 
families of the Elders in these colonies are all well. 



We make the following extracts from the Deseret News dated Oct. 
26, 1854. 

GOVERNOR YOUNG 

And suit returned on the l8th inst., having been absent eight days on a 
trip to Manti, and the intervening settlements. Talks were held with the 
Indians on the route who, with few exceptions, manifested friendly feelings, 
and a strong desire for the continuance of peaceful relations. Much coun- 
sel, and instruction on the policy to pursue with our red neighbours, and on 
other matters, was given to the inhabitants in each settlement. 

The notorious Washear,* or Squash-head, told Governor Young, "that he 
had been mad, and had acted foolishly, but had got over it now, and would 
do better, and as he was rery poor, if he would give him a blanket he would 
go out hunting, and get his living honestly." The Governor overlooked 
Squash-head's past folly, and gave him a blanket, being well aware that as 
we have been twenty-four years in severe drill to learn what we know, we 
should be very lenient to the natives who have to start from a position so 
far below the vantage ground we had at the beginning. 
'* Washer is the chief of that Nation 



15 

The company were favoured with lovely weather, enjoyed the trip much, 
and all parties were gratified, and benefitted by the visit. 

By letters from Elder P. P. Pratt to Governor Young, and Elder G. A. 
Smith, dated at San Francisco, August 23rd, we learn the following : 

Elder Pratt and all the Elders who went from here with him were in 
good health.— Elders, George Q. Cannon, Hawkins, Henry Bigler, and 
Farrar had arrived from the Islands on their way to Utah. Elder Badlam 
is studying the Chinese language, and an intelligent Chinaman is reading the 
Book of Mormon and other of our publications, with interest. Business 
v^as very dull ; the markets were glutted ; no money afloat ; and many 
chances to buy goods cheaper than in New York. 



The Sagar Works will be ready to operate in a fevr weeks : — 
PROFITABLE FARMING. 

Bro. Israel Calkins of Payson, raised on a little less than one acre of 
ground belonging to Bishop Cross, the following produce this season, viz : 
150 bushels of beets ; 150 bushels of potatoes ; 30 bushels of onions ; 150 
good cabbage heads, besides 300 which were destroyed by the grasshoppers ; 
cucumbers enough for 3 barrels of Pickles, and quite a quantity of mellons, 
squashes, peppers, &c., &c. 

The above is another evidence that a small piece of ground well tilled gives 
more profit, and satisfaction, with less labour, than the usual mode o^skiming 
over large surfaces, and taking half care of the produce. 



SUGAR BEETS. 

Brother George Crainer of Tooele brought in four sugar beets which 
weighed 72j. lbs one of them weighing 20 lbs. 

These were about average in a crop on half an acre. 



BE FIRM. 

Let the winds blow, and the waves of society beat and frown about you, 
if they will ; but keep your soul in rectitude, and it will be firm as a rock. 
Plant yourself upon principle, and bid defiance to misfortune. If gossip, 
with her poisoned tongue, meddles with your good name — if her disciples, 
who infest every town and hamlet, make your disgrace the burden of their 
song, heed them not. It is their bread and their meat to slander. — Treat 
their idle words as you would treat the hissing of a serpent, or the buzzing 
of many insects. Carry yourself erect ; and by the serenity of your coun- 
tenance, and the purity of your life, give the lie to all who would berate and 
belittle you. Why be afraid of any man ? Why cower and tremble in the 
presence of the rich ? Why ' crook the pliant hinges of the knee, that thrift 
may follow fawning V No, friend, fear them not ! Build up your charac- 
ter with holy principles, and if your path be not strewn with flowers, let it 
be beautiful with the light of divine life, and you will leave behind you a 
noble example, which will be to the world, a perrennial flower, whose leaves 
wijil be a healing to the nations, and its fragrance the panacea of the soul. 



16 



FIRST PRINCIPLES. 



Well may we wonder, when men are grown so wise 

That they, the councils of the Lord despise; 

The Saviours precepts, in their pride they change, 

The simple truths they daringly derange — 

One cries, my church so old ! oh ! who can doubt! 

The truth of it, and know what he's about ; 

The rock of St. Peter surely cannot fail, 

To keep the truth, tho' fierce dissent assail ; 

United we have, this thousand years or more, 

Withstood the test of persecution sore. 

Now list if for age, we must a c'nurch respect, 

We err I'm sure, if we the Jews reject; 

Or if to persecution, we give place. 

We'll surely own, that poor dcgi-aded race ; 

Then where is the church ; or what unerring sign, 

Marks it as being, of origin divine. 

Let us just look back, unto the days, v/hen first, 

The vail of darkness by the Lord was burst ; 

To teach the Gospel and saving truths make known 

He left the glory of his Father's throne ; 

The Revealing Spirit, to Peter giv'-n, 

Show'd him Christ, the Lord of earth and heaven ; 

That spirits, the rock, on which his Church he laid, 

Saying that he'd protect them whilst they obey'd ; 

On this rock they might defy the fiercest host, 

That hell's dark regions, or tlie earth could boast. 

The revealing power of the spirit is .shown, 

By Peter speaking what no flesh had known, 

It was on that power, that the Saviour said, 

He'd build a church, and of it be the head. 

But that the church that Jesus planted then, > 

Would him forget, and follow after merv, 

He would reject her— for sure the i)romise made. 

Was only while the church his voice obey'd. [ 

Jehovah blessed Isra'l, and said increase, i 

For thou art chosen, and thy seed wont cease ; ; 

And a lasting covenant with thee I'll make, i 

For Abraham my faithful servant's sake ; , 

But when they rebell'd, and so forgot the Lord, ; 

He gave them up, unt^ the heathen sword ; 

He left them in darkness, and his light withdrew; 

But none can say that his promise is not true. 

Obedience is claim'd, by God above. 

And the law that rules us, is the law of love 

He never did control his creatures will. 

Men may disobey him, or his word fulfill, 

Then let us look unto the early days. 

When truth's pure banner the Lord himself did 

raise, 

What were the precepts that he then made known, 
That should rule the church, He would for ever own; 
Remembering this, that God's unerring pow'r. 
Is still the same, even at the present hour. 
When Peter received power from on high. 
To go forth boldly and salvation cry ; 
To preach its saving truths, and explain the plan 
By which God pleased to save the creature man. 
The Gospel truths, clear, and plain defined, 
He preached the Lord; him they had crucified, 
Show'd them for what, the Savior Jesus died. 
They heard, believed,— in agony they cri'd. 
What they should do, so might their souls be sav'd. 
Peter knew they believed, and cri'd, repent. 
And for remission of their sins, was meant, 
The Baptismal form, which when they had pass'd 

through ; 
The promise made, they would then find it true. 
The Holy Ghost, with all its power receive ; 
Ye'll know yourselves ; in this we cant deceive. 
Will any say that what the Apostle then taught. 
Was not th' Gospel, with all its blessings fraught ; 
And that the principles, as are here made known, 

To Elder AUGUSTUS FARNHAM, 

President of the Australian Mission. 



Mankind do now their practice quite disown. 
; Men now will tell you, that you must first repent. 

And pray that faith, may unto you be sent. 
; To believe some things, you cannot comprehend, 
; Where myst'ry is— doubts surely will attend, 
I And thus pass by the commands the Saviour gave, 
I And tell you too, th're not required to save; 
j Thus is the Gospel, that once mankind did cheer, 
I Now made a thing, of danger, doubt and fear. 
j AH then will own, that to save, faith is required, 
I And teach obedience ; but not as God desir'd, 

■ Just as their own mind dictates, they will obey, 
, And pp.ss unheeded what the Lord did say. 

■ We first believe (or should) there is a (iod : 
And next believe in wicked ways we've trod. 
Then must we surely grieve, that the Lord so good, 

; We have ofiended, and his voice witlistood. 
This godly sorrow shows that we do repent. 
And to alter is our firm intent. 
No merit in ourselves for to atone, 
For our misdeeds is to us then made known 
Then for a saviour in this our urgent need. 
We fly to Christ, and beg that he will plead. 
With God the Father, our faith we then must show 
By strict obedience to those commands we know. 
Then let me here, this simple question ask. 
What God commands, have we a right to task ; 
The vv-ay our obed'ence, he may please to test, 
Wc shotild .submit to, when its his behest; 
We should not, in our wisdom dare to interfere. 
What e'er he wills we should obey with fear. 
The Saviour says', believe, and baptized be, 
The Apostles taught this in their min'stry. 
But men now say, that they have a better way ; 
Its not for us, what then, the Lord did say. 
We will sprinkle infants in their younger days. 
They may when old, believe what e'er they please ; 
Surely, the Lord knows we have a willing heart, 
To do what e'er the scripture does impart; 
The command's plain it ought not to be despised, 
But this text should be spiritualiz'd. 
When faithful Abraham, at the Lords command. 
Forbade his feelings, to restrain his hand; 
If he had knelt, and answered to the Lord, 
That he vtas willing to obey his word ; 
That he'd sacrifice, his only son, his all, 
Resign'd, enduring what e'er did him befall. 
Thou knowest Lord, that my faithful, willing mind. 
To obed'ence has always been inclined. 
Had he thus spoke, but still the act neglect. 
Would God, his faith or willingness respect. 
The command that came, he did not criticize. 
Nor did he the meaning, try to spiritualize. 
It conveyed unto him, what he should fulfill. 
He bowed obedient to his makers will. 
God told the Israelites for to march round. 
The walls of Jerico, and rams horns sound ; 
But had they stood still, and trusted in the Lord, 
Its fall so signal, they could not record. 
It is not for us, to know the reason why. 
The Lord commands, we should at once comply ; 
Its appearing simple to our common sense. 
Is no excuse, but a mere false pretence ; 
Nor should human wisdom lead us thus astray. 
For Christ himself did all commands obey ; 
He no remission of his sins did need, 
To fulfil all righteousness he did proceed. 
The water contains no purifying spirit. 
Nor by the act can we claim any merit ; 
Its simply this, it is the appointed plan, 
By which God wills so save poor fallen man. 

WM. G. A.PHILLIPS, 

Sydney, New South wales, 25th April, 18.55. 



Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Published by A. Farnham, No. 103, Parramatta-street, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

Cfiuixl) of 3€£j«2i Cljii^t of Hatttr Bay ^amtsi, 

IN SYDNEY. 



" HE THAT READETH LET HIM UNDERSTAND.' 



No. 2. FRIDAY, JUNE 15, 1855. Vol. II. 

REMARKS ON THE THIRD CHAPTER OF TIMOTHY, BY 
PRESIDENT BRIGHAM YOUNG, DELIVERED IN THE 
TABERNACLE OF G. S. L. CITY, OCT. 1, 1855. 

" This is a true saying, if a man desire the office of a bishop, he 
desireth a good work. A bishop must then be blameless, the husband 
of one wife, -vigilant, sober, of good behavior, given to hospitality, 
apt to teach ; not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre, 
but patient, not a brawler, not covetous ; one that ruleth well in his 
own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity, (for if 
a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care 
of the Church of God ?) Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride 
he fall into the condemnation of the devil. Moreover, he must have 
a good report of them which are without, lest he fall into reproach, 
and the snare of the devil. Likewise must the deacons be grave, not 
double tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre, 
holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience. And let these 
also first be proved ; then let them use the office of a deacon, being 
found blameless. Even so must their wives be grave, not slanderers, 
sober, faithful in all things. Let the deacons be the husbands of one 
wife, ruling their children and their own houses well.'' 

I have read tliis that your minds may be refreshed, and that you 
may knbw how it does read. 

Instead of my believing for a moment that Paul wished to signify 
to Timothy that he must select a man to fill the office of a bishop 
that would have but one wife, I believe directly the reverse ; but his 
advice to Timothy amounts simply to this : — It would not be wise for 
you to ordain a man t© the office of a bishop unless he has a wife ; 
you must not ordain a sin(/le or unmarried man to that calling. 

If you will read this chapter carefully, you will learn the qualifica- 
tions necessary for deacons and bishops, and also for their wives. 



18 

I will simply give my views with regard to this matter, and then 
leave it. 

I have no testimony from the Bible, neither have I from any his- 
tory that I have any knowledge of, that a man was ever prohibited 
in the church in the days of Paul from taking more than one wife. 
If any historian has knowledge to the contrary, let him make it known 
at a suitable time ; but if such was the case it has not come to my 
knowledge. 

I will now give you ray reasons why it is necessary that a bishop 
should have a wife, not but that he may have more than one wife. 
In the first place he is (or should be) like a father to his ward, or to 
the people over whom he presides, and a good portion of his time is 
occupied among them. Still he does not wish to be bound up, or 
flooded w ith cares of this world, so but that he can officiate in his 
office, and magnify it to acceptance. 

The office of a bishop is in his ward, and when he finds a man that 
is doing a good business as a farmer or a tradesman, and who has 
plenty around him, and is faithfully paying his tithing, he has no busi- 
ness there only to receive the tithing that man has to pay for the 
benefit of the kingdom of God ; his business is more particularity in 
the houses of widows and orphans, and he is called to administer to 
them in righteousnes, like a father. 

Paul, knowing through observation, and his own experience, the 
temptations that were continually thrown before the elders, gave in- 
structions paramount to this, before you ordain a person to be a bishop, 
to take the charge of any one district or place, see that he has a icife 
to begin with ; he does not say ''hut one wife;' it does not read so; 
but he must have one to begin with, in order that he may not be con- 
tinually drawn into temptation while he is in the line of his duty, 
visiting the houses of widows and orphans, the poor, the afflicted, 
and the sick in his ward. He is to converse with families, sometimes 
on family matters, and care for them, but if he has no wife, he is not 
so capable of taking care of a family as he otherwise would be, and 
perhaps he is not capable of taking care of himself. Now select a 
young man who has preserved himself in purity and holiness, one 
who has carried himself circumspectly before the people, and before 
God ; it would not do to ordain him to the office of a bishop, for he 
may be drawn into temptation, and he lacks experience in family 
matters ; but take a man who has one wife at least ; a man of ex- 
perience like thousands of our elders, men of strength of mind, who 
have determination in them to preserve themselves pure under all 
circumstances, at all times, and in all places in their wards. Now 
Timothy select such a man to be a bishop. 

A bishop in his calling and duty is with the church all the time ; 



19 

he is not called to travel abroad to preach, but is at home ; lie is not 
abroad in the world, but is with the saints. 

When you hav e got your bishop, he needs assistance, and he ordains 
counsellors, priests, teachers, and deacons, and calls them to help him; 
and he wishes men of his own heart and hand to do this. Says he, 
M dare not even call a man to be a deacon, to assist me in my calling, 
unless he has a family."' It is not the business of an ignorant 
young man, of no experience in family matters, to inquire into the 
^circumstances of familie§, and to know the wants of every person. 
Some may want medicine and nourishment, and to be looked after, 
and it is not the business of boys to do this ; but select a man who 
has got a family to be a deacon, whose wife can go with him, and as- 
sist him in administering to the needy in the ward. 

These are simply my views in a few words on the subject, and 
always have been since I reflected on the doctrine that the fathers 
teach us in the Holy Scriptures. I will venture to say that the view 
I take of this matter is not to be disputed or disapproved by Scripture 
or reason. 

I have no remarkable grounds upon which to say it was not the 
custom in ancient times for a man to have more than one wife, but 
every reason to believe that it was the custom among the Jews, from 
the days of Abraham to the days of the Apostle^ for they were lineal 
descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, all of whom taught 
and practised the doctrine of plurality of wives, and were revered by 
the whole Jewish nation, and it is but natural that they should ha^ e 
respected and followed their teachings and example. 

I say to the congregation, treasure up in your hearts what you have 
heard to-night, and at other times. You will hear more in regard to 
the doctrine, that is, our ' Marriage Regulations.' Elder Hyde says 
he has only just dipped into it, but if it will not be displeasing to him, 
I will say he has not dipped into it yet ; he has only run round the 
edges of the field. He has done so beautifully, that it will hare its 
effect. But the whole subject of the marriage relation is not in my 
reach, nor is it in any other man's reach on this earth. It is without 
beginning of days or end of years ; it is a hard matter to reach. We 
can tell some things with regard to it ; it lays the foundation for 
worlds, for angles, and for the Gods ; for intelligent beings to be 
crowned with glory, immortality, and eternal lives. In fact, it is the 
end of the holy gospel of salvation — of the gospel of the Son of God ; 
it is from eternity to eternity. When the vision of the mind is 
opened, you can see a great portion of it, but you see it comparative- 
ly, as a speaker sees the faces of a congregation. To look at, and 
talk to each individual separately, and thinking to become fully ac- 
quainted with them, only to spend five minutes with each would 



20 

consume too much time, it could not be easily done. 80 it is with 
the visions of eternity ; we can see and understand, but it is dithcult 
to tell. May God bless you, amen. — Deseret !Vews. 



ADDRESS OF P. P. PRATT ON THE OCCASION OF LAYING 
THE FOUNDATION STONES OF THE TEMPLE, ON 
APRIL 6, 1853. 

" And when they shall say unto you, seek unto them that have 
familiar spirits, and unto wizards that peep and mutter ; should not a 
people seek unto their God ? For the living to hear from the dead?" 

The foregoing text was copied by Nephi, from the Book of Isaiah, 
about six hundred years before Christ, and is now contained in the 
second Book of Nephi, chap. ix. 

For the last few years the world has been disturbed very much by 
alleged communications from the world of spirits. " Mesmerism," 
" Clairvoyance," " Spiritual Knockings," " Writing Mediums," &c., 
are said to be channels of communication between the living and the 
dead. How often one meets with an invitation to seek to some 
" medium " — to sonle one " familiar with spirits," in order to hear 
from a deceased father, mother, husband, wife, or other relative or 
friend. 

On the other hand, these alleged communications from the spirit 
world are zealously opposed, on the ground that there is no such 
philosophy in nature; that there can be no medium of communication 
between the living and those who have passed the vale of death ; and 
that, therefore, all alleged communications from that source must 
necessarily be false. 

It becouies the Saints to be able on this, as on all other subjects, to 
judge correctly and under standingly, by their knowledge of the prin- 
ciples of true philosophy, and of the laws of God and nature. 

If on the other hand we admit the principle of communication be- 
tween the spirit world and our own, and yield ourselves to the unre- 
served or indiscriminate guidance of every spiritual manifestation, we 
are liable to be led about by every wind of doctrine, and by every 
kind of spirit which constitute the varieties of being, and of thought, 
in the spirit w^orld. Demons, foul or unclean spirits, adultrious or 
murderous spirits, those who love, or make a lie, can commune with 
beings in the flesh, as well as those who are more true and virtuous. 

Again — The spirits who are ignorant, uncultivated, and who re- 
main in error, can communicate through the same medium as those 
better informed. 

To illustrate this subject we will consider the telegraph wire as a 
medium of communication between New York and Boston. 



21 

Tlirouj^^h this luediuiii a holy I'rophet, or ApostU; could conjinmii- 
Ciite the lioly and sacred words of truth ; while throuc^h the same, 
coahl be couiuuinicated words of truth in relation to news, business 
transactions, the sciences, &c. ; and also every species of lie, error, 
imposition, fraud, &c. Hence, if the people of New York should 
submit to the guidance of beings in Boston wbo communicate with 
them by telegraph or other mediums, they would be guided by a 
mixture of intelligence, truth, error, falsehood, &c., in every conceiva- 
ble variety. So with communications from the spirit world, if we 
once credit the philosophy or fact of an existing medium of commu- 
nication. 

If, on the other hand, we deny the philosophy, or the fact of spiritual 
communication between the living and those who have died, we deny 
the very fountain from which emanated the great truths or principles 
which were the foundation of both the ancient and modern Church. 

Who communicated with Jesus and his deciples on the holy mount '? 
Moses and Elias, from the invisible world. Who bestowed upon the 
Apostles the commission to preach the gospel to every creature in all 
the world? He that had passed the vale of death, and had dwelt in 
the spirit world, yea, he that had ascended far on high, above the realms 
of death, and far beyond all principalities and powers of the spirit 
world, and had entered, and been crowned, in the mansions of im- 
mortal flesh. 

Who communicated with the beloved disciple on the Isle of Patmos, 
and revealed those sublimed truths contained in his prophetic book ? 
He that liveth and was dead, through his angel, who declared to 
John, "Behold, I am thy fellow servant, and of thy brethren the Pro- 
phets, that have the testimony of Jesus. 

Who communicated with our great modern Prophet, and re- 
vealed through him as a medium, the ancient history of a hem- 
isphere, and the records of the ancient dead? Moroni, who had lived 
upon the earth fourteen hundred years before. Who ordained Joseph 
the Prophet, and his fellow servant, to the preparatory Priesthood, 
to baptize for the remission of sins ? John the Baptist, who had been 
beheaded ! Who ordained our first founders of the Apostleship, to 
hold the keys of the kingdom of God, in these the times of restoration ? 
Peter, James, and John, from the eternal world. Who instructed 
him in the mysteries of the Kingdom, and in all things pertaining to 
Priesthood, law, philosophy, sacred architecture, ordinances, sealings, 
anointings, baptisms for the dead, and in the mysteries of the first, 
second and third heavens, many of which are unlawful to utter? 
Angles and spirits from the eternal worlds. 

Who revealed to him the plan of redemption, and of exaltation for 
the dead who had died without the Gospel ? and the keys and prepa- 
rations necessary for holy and perpetual converse with Jesus Christ, 



22 

and with tlie spirits of just men made perfect, and vvitli the general 
assembly and Chiireh of the first-born, in the holy of liolies'f Those 
from the dead ! 

Again — How do the Saints expect the necessary information by 
which to complete the minstrations for the salvation and exaltation 
of their friei^s who have died ? 

By one homing the keys of the oracles -Df God, as a medium through 
which the living can hear from the dead. 

Shall we^ then, deny the principle, the philosophy, the fact, of com- 
numieation between worlds ? No ! verily, no ! 

The spiritual philosophy of the present age was introduced to the 
modern world by Joseph Smith. The people of the United States 
abandoned him to martyrdom, and his followers to fire and swordy 
and plunder, and imprisonment, and final banishment to these far oft' 
mountains and deserts, simply because ^ medium of communication 
with the invisible world had been found, whereby the living could 
hear from the dead. No sooner had the people and nation, thus 
guilty of innocent blood, completed the banishment of the Saints from 
their midst, than they began to adopt some of the same principles of 
spiritual philosophy, although in a perverted sense ot the word. 

Editors, statesmen, philosophers, priests, and lawyers, as well as^ 
the common people, began to advocate the principle of converse with 
the dead, by visions, divination, clairvoyance, knocking, and writing 
mediums, &c., &c. This spiritual philosophy of converse with the 
dead, once established, by labours, toils, sufferings, and martyrdom 
of its modern founders ; and now embraced by a large portion of the 
learned world, shows a triumph more rapid and complete — a victory 
more extensive, than has ever been achieved in the same length of 
time in our world. 

A quarter of a century since, an obscure boy and his ossociates, in 
the western wilds of New York, commeixced to hold converse with 
the dead. Now, vision, new revelation^ clairvoyance, mediums, 
oracles, &c., are talked of and advocated as far as the modern press 
extends its influence, or steam its powers of locomotion. 

An important point is gained, a victory won, and a countless host 
of opposing powers vanquished, on one of the leading or fundamental 
truths of " Mormon" philosophy, viz. — "^ ihat the living may hear 
from the dead^ 

But, notwithstanding these great victories of truth over error, ig- 
norance, and superstition, in certain points of spiritual philosophy, 
yet much remains to be done, ere pure, un contaminated truth will 
reign triumphant, and darkness and error surrender their last strong- 
hold on the earth. 

The fact of spiritual communication being established, by which 
the living hear from the dead, being no longer a question of contro- 



versy with the well informed, we drop the point, and call attention to 
the means of discriminating, or judging between the lawful and the 
unlaw^ful mediums or channels of communication— between the holy 
and impure, the truths, and falshoods, thus communicated. 

The words of our holy Prophet in our text, while they admit the 
principle of the living hearing from the dead, openly rebuke, and 
sharply reprove, persons for seeking to those who have familiar 
spirits, and to wizards that peep and mutter and remind us that a 
people should seek unto their God for the living to hear from the 
dead ! 

By what means then can a people seek unto their God for such an 
important blessing as to hear from the dead? 

And how shall we discriminate between those who seek to Him, 
and those who seek the same by unlawful means ? 

In the first place, no person can successfully seek to God for this 
privilege, unless they believe in direct revelation in modern times. 

Secondly, it is impossible for us to seek Him successfully, and re- 
main in our sins. A thorough repentance and reformation of life is 
absolutely necessary, if we would seek to Him. 

Thirdly, Jesus Christ is the only name given under heaven, as a 
medium through which to approach to God. None then can be law- 
ful mediums, who are unbelievers in Jesus Christ, or in modern re- 
velation ; or who remain in their sins ; or who act in their own name, 
instead of the name appointed. 

And moreover, the Lord has appointed a holy priesthood on the 
earth, and in the heavens, and also in the w^orld of spirits; which 
Priesthood is after the order or similitude of His Son ; and has com- 
mitted to this Priesthood the keys of holy and divine revelation, and 
of correspondence, or communication between angels, spirits, and men, 
and between all the holy departments, principalities, and powers, of 
His Government in all worlds. 

And again — The Lord has ordained that all the most holy things 
pertaining to the salvation of the dead, and all the most holy con- 
versations and correspondence with God, angels, and spirits, shall be 
had only in the sanctuary of His holy Temple on the earth, when 
prepared for that purpose by His Saints ; and shall be received and 
administered by those who are ordained and sealed unto this power, 
to hold the keys of the sacred oracles of God. 

To this same principle the Prophets Isaiah and Micah bear testi- 
mony, saying, that in the last days all nations shall go up to the 
house (or Temple) ot the Lord, in order to be taught in His v^ays, 
and to walk in His paths; tor out of Zion shall go torth the law^, &c. 
Now it is evident that the people of all nations in the last days would 
be utterly unable to learn the w^ays of the Lord to perfection, in any 
other place except in a holy Temple erected among the mountains. 



24 

For if tlie omclcs, auii most holy ordinances, aiul ihi^ keys of the 
loysteries, could be had elsewhere, or in any other place, the people 
would never take the pains to resort to one house amid tlie mountains 
in order to learn of His ways, and to walk in his paths. 

It is, then, a matter of certainty, according to the things revealed 
to the ancient Prophets, and renewed unto us, that all the animal 
magnetic phenomena, all the trances and visions of clairvoyant states, 
all the phenomena of spiritual knockings, writing mediums, &c., are 
from impure, unlawful, and unholy sources; and that those holy and 
chosen vessels which hold the keys of Priesthood in this world, in the 
spirit world, or in the world of resurrected beings, stajid as far aloof 
from all these improper channels, or unholy mediums, or spiritual 
communications, as the heavens are higher than the earth, or as the 
mysteries of the third heaven, which are unlawful to utter, differ from 
the jargon of sectarian ignorance and folly, or the divinations of foul 
spirits, and abandoned wizards, magic-mongers, jugglers, and fortune 
tellers. 

Ye Latter-day Saints ! Ye thousands of the hosts of Israel ! Ye 
are assembled here to-day, and have laid these Corner Stones, for the 
express purpose that the living might hear from the dead, and that 
we may prepare a holy sanctuary, where '^ the people may seek unto 
their God^ ^or the living to hear from the dead^^ and that heaven 
and earth, and the world of spirits, may commune together — that the 
kings, nobles, presidents, rulers, judges, priests, councillors, and se- 
nators, which compose the general assembly of the Church of the 
first born in all these different spheres of temporial and spiritual ex- 
istence, may sit in grand Council, and hold a Congress or court on 
the earth, to concert measures for the overthrow of the " mystery of 
iniquity," the thrones of tyrants, the sanctuaries of priestcraft and 
superstition, and the reign of ignorance, sin, and death. 

Sainis ! These victories will be achieved, and Jesus Christ and 
his Saints will subdue all opposing powers, and attain to universal 
empire in heaven and on earth, as sure as innocent blood was ever 
shed on Mount Calvary, or the official seal broken on the door of the 
tomb of the Son of God. This day's work, in laying these Corner 
Stones for a Temple, amid the mountains, is one advancing step in 
the progress of the necessary preparations for these mighty revolu- 
tions. 

Let Zion complete this Temple, let it be dedicated to, and accepted 
by, the Almighty ; let it be preserved in holiness according to the 
laws of the holy Priesthood, and Zion shall not w^ant for a man to 
stand before the Lord, and to receive the oracles, and administer in 
His holy sanctuary, and to administer the keys of His government 
upon the earth, 

While sun, or moon, or stars shall shine, 
^ Or principalities endure. 



25 

If the Saints accomplish these things, and fail not to keep the 
commandments of Jesus Christ, and the counsels of his servants, the 
kingdoms of the world shall never prevail against them from this time 
forth and for ever. 

But remember, ye Saints of the Most High ! reinemher^ that the 
enemy is on the alert. That old serpant and his angels, who have 
ruled this lower world, with few exceptions, for so many ages, will 
not tam.ely, and without a struggle, submit to have the kingdom, and 
seat of government, and sanctuary of our God, again erected on our 
planet, no more to be thrown down or subdued, till every square 
yard of the vast dominion shall be re-conquered by its rightful 
owners. No ! From the moment the ground was broken for this 
Temple, those inspired by him (Satan) have commenced to rage; and 
he will continue to stir up his servants to anger against that which 
is good, but, if we are faithful, the victory is ours, in the name of 
Jesus Christ. Amen. — M, :^tar. 



REVEALED RELIGION. 

BY E. W. TULLID^E. 

There is no subject, perhaps, more thoroughly misapprehended than "Re- 
vealed Religion." Its nature is very faintly, and oftimes very erroneously, 
conceived. The general notions concerning it amount to this — that it is not 
altogether adapted to man in this world, but is more applicable to his state 
in another. Men have always looked upon it with a jealous eye, as though 
it would bring them into bondage. Instead of its being interwoven with the 
very life of society, and circumscribing every movement of the world, it has 
been subordinate in the greatest degree, nor can men think of allowing the 
Universal King more than the tribute of a few formal ceremonies. 

Religion, as it has existed among the nations, is foreign and unnatural, 
and consequently altogether impotent in leading the human family to exal- 
tation and eternal happiness. Its ordinances are capricious, and its character 
is common-place and degrading. To embrace it, we have to bend, rather 
than elevate ourselves in the scale of being, for, with all the profession of 
Christian nations, the most which they have possessed through a long night 
of spiritual darkness is, faith in the inspired records of former ages. With- 
out the Spirit which dictated the ancient Prophets, men have established 
systems by their own wisdom, and, therefore, their most perfect schemes 
have been powerless to effect the salvation of man. 

In treating of " Revealed Religion," I would have it understood in its 
legitimate sense, and not as a loose, undefined thing. We cannot with pro- 
priety apply the term " Revealed " to any Religion which does not admit of 
immediate and continued revelation. " Revealed Religion " is essentially 
connected with theocratical institutions, in fact it is a Divine government 
expressed by a synonymous term ; and no people can be said to be in pos- 
session of it unless they are living directly under a Theocracy. To imagine 
that having a few books written by men who have lived under such a 



government, will constitute us its subjects equally with them, is equivalent 
to thinking that by reading the history of Greece we shall become Greeks. 

Men have fallen into a great error in treating religion as an abstract spe- 
culation, and making it evaporate in a few prayers and absurd ceremonies, 
inasmuch as it is real and practical government. Its aim and scope are to 
solve the social problem, and define the relation of man to man, and of man 
to God ; to give the main motives of all actions, and to be the teacher of 
Art, Science, and Philosophy ; in short, it is a Theocracy, which, viewed 
from what point you will, reveals its Divine source. 

God, as the Creator of all things, and the Author of our existence, has an 
unquestionable right to be acknowledged the Universal King. That man 
should be under His authority absolutely, is natural, consistent and just. 
It is natural, because He is the Great Father of the human family ; to Him 
we sustain a relation of a far more exalted character than to our earthly 
parents. It is consistent, because His power, wisdom, and love, are infinite ; 
and His majesty is declared by all His works ; while, on the other hand, 
our best and wisest rulers are altogether incapable of governing the world 
in righteousness. To define the rights of all, and to deal out to them im- 
partially, according to their deserts ; to satisfy infinite wants and aspirations 
of the mind, and guide mankind to exaltation and eternal happiness, is a 
task more than human. Our sublimest efforts are immeasurably dispropor- 
tionate to the stupendous undertaking of a world's government. Besides, 
the w icked oftimes reign, and the people mourn because thereof. Ever and 
anon society is torn piecemeal by the ambitions and jealousies of its leaders. 
Then the earth groans under the burthen of her slain, and sickens at the 
rivers of blood forced upon her to drink by the crimes of men in authority. 
It is not an uncommon thing for the innocent and virtuous to be oppressed, 
and forced to live and die in wretchedness and want ; nor is it uncommon 
for the crafty and vile to sit in the councils of the nations, and revel in the 
luxuries of the earth. Therefore, a Divine government is the greatest 
blessing which the human family could enjoy. 

It is just, because all things come from God — by Him were they created, 
and by Him are they upheld. The earth, and the fulness thereof, are the 
Lord's ; and none can legally hold it, only in right of stewardship. All that 
we are or have, is dependent on His power or benevolence, therefore it is 
just He should be the moral governor of all. It is also just to mankind, 
inasmuch as the blessings of this life are not righteously divided. Thousands 
are sent by want to an untimely grave, virtue is seldom rewarded, and hu- 
man institutions are utterly incapable of satisfying the cravings of the irti- 
mortal soul. These things all prove that a divine government alone is ap- 
plicable to man. 

Herein consists sin — that men have departed from the government of 
God ! Not only is it sin in the abstract, but it is also sin in its consequences. 
It is sin in the abstract — because we usurp the authority of God. It is sin 
in its consequences — inasmuch as the departing from Him, we leave the 
source of intelligence, purity, and exaltation. Every step which the world 
makes from theocratical institutions, is one towards degradation, misery, and 
death. To assert that *' these things are no longer needed," is equivalent 
to saying that the wisdom of man is greater than that of God. It is an in- 
fallible sign of the darkness of the world, and of its fall from virtue and true 



27 

religion. These things will always be needed, both in this state and tliat 
which is to come. 

It is one of the most absurd and degrading notions imagina))le, to tliink 
that "Revealed Religion " is an institution of unnatural things, or that mi- 
racles and revelation w^re given only to establish the mission of Christ, and 
to make men believe in his teachings. In fact, the very spirit of Christian- 
ity is Divine government, and without it there is no Christianity. A theo- 
cracy is the most natural system which the mind of man can conceive, and 
instead of wondering that it ever existed, we ought rather to wonder that it 
is not universal. 

What is more natural than that He who rules the day and night, upholds 
the planets, and directs their revolutions, who created man, and still must 
nourish the life which He gave — what is more natural than that He should 
govern us. 

There is another absurd notion which obtains room in the minds of many, 
namely, that God, in the of act creation, administered once for all ages — that 
He made things perfect, and endowed man with reason by which he might 
discover their laws, and obey them, at the same time affixing a penalty to 
disobedience. This notion may be stated in plain language thus — God 
having set the world a-going, left it to get on as best it might. And the 
ideas of the religious sects amount to much the same thing. True, they 
allow the consistency of His interfering a few other times, but no more. 
Now the faith of the ancient heathens is certainly far preferable to the faith 
of the moderns. Altliough the gods of the heathens were considered capri- 
cious and defective, it was believed that they had some love for man, and 
took an immediate interest in his welfare. But the God of the moderns is 
believd to have no such weakness, it is supposed to be enough that He made 
men, and will hold them accountable for their actions. 

Admit the existence of a God, and the right and consistency of a theocracy 
is established. Without Divine government, we live as though there were 
no God. This is obviously true, that an illustration of it may be found in 
every nation and every sect. Take the Christian nations, for instance, and 
there we find that God has no more to do with the government of the people, 
than as though he did not exist ; or if we view them in their religious cha- 
racter, it is no less true ; their faith is at most only a negative one, nor are 
they subject to His authority, any more than the unbeliever. In the pulpit, 
or among the flock, in the senate, or at the bar, in the life of a philosopher, 
or in the life of a working man, the characteristic is practical Atheism. Yet 
with all this, how every one acknowledges how necessary for the hapiness of 
the world, are correct teachings and exalted truths. Herein is the superiority 
of civilization to barbarism, that it fosters wiser teachers, and reveals greater 
truths. Now this, I apprehend to be the chief end of a theocracy. Who 
so wise a teacher as God, or who so qualified for the revealing of great 
truths? Who so good a King, or so capable of exalting His kingdom ? I say, 
again, that a Divine government is the most natural, and our wonder ought 
to be that it is not universal. The cause of the present unnatural state of 
society is given in the following striking language of Jeremiah — "Be astonish- 
ed, O ye heavens, at this, and be horribly afraid ; be ye very desolate, saith 
the Lord. For my people haye committed two evils ; they have forsaken 



'''■■■ 28 

nie, the fountain of living waters, and hewed tlieni out cisterns, broken cisterns 
that can hold no water." 

To bring the world again under the absolute donninion of its Creator, has 
been the design and end of every dispensation of God to man. For this the 
Prophets and holy men have preached repentance unto their apostate race, 
for this they suffered and laid down their lives, for this the Son of God left 
the courts and glory of his father ; and this is redemption. 

That all things will be restored unto the government of God, is a point 
clearly stated in the inspired records ; in fact, it was the great theme on 
which the ancient Saints delighted to dwell. The apostle Peter informs us, 
that the times of the restitution of all things had been spoken by all God's holy 
Prophets since the world began. Jesus instructed his disciples to pray that 
the kingdom of his father might come, and His will be done on the earth as it is 
in heaven. The great object of the mission of Christ, was to subdue all things 
unto God; and when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the 
Son also be subject unto Him, that put all things under him, that God may 
be all in all. — M. Star. 



THE "CHRISTIAN HERALD" WEIGHED IN THE BALAN- 
CES OF SACRED TRUTH AND REASON, AND FOUND 
WANTING. 

Three articles have appeared in the above named periodical on the funda- 
mental principals of revealed religion, namely, the person and character of 
God. These articles have controverted the views held by the church of 
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, although that church as not been referred 
to by name ; and have doubtless been written ostensibly for the purpose of 
insiduously counteracting the influence that the doctrines of the Saints is 
producing amongst the thinking (the unthinking are only moved by either 
priests or passions) portion of the inhabitants of these colonies. 

The Latter-day Saints hold that God our Father in heaven is a personage 
of tabernacle, and that His character, which is a "fulness of wisdom, know- 
ledge, truth, goodness, and love," is communicable, and that wherever these 
are there God is in all His glory, power, and majesty. 

The first of these articles appeared on March the 3rd, headed "The self 
existence of God ; " the second, on March 10th, headed " The hidings of 
Deity ; " the third, on May 12th, headed the " Image of God." 

We shall first exhibit some of the inconsistancies and contradictions con- 
tained in said articles, and then proceed to establish the views held by the 
Saints on this all important subject. In pursuing this investigation we shall 
be guided strictly by the following plain and positive law laid down in first 
of said articles : — 

" Reason may be as lofty and inquisitive as she will whilst investigating 
the evidences of revelation ; but the moment she has formed her decision, 
and that decision that the Bible is the word of God, she is absolutely bound 
to change her attitude and to receive with the greatest submission whatever 
is taught, whether it be beyond her comprehension or not." 

"Nothing can be known of Him (God) but what he has been pleased to 
reveal." 



29 

After laying down this law, to which no rational mind can demur, should 
we not naturaly expect that the Christian Herald would, in its investigation of 
God, be strictly guided by the same ; and would not any deviation therefrom 
on its part be esteemed as a want of wisdom and consistency, but if it should 
entirely lay aside this law, and adopt another, and that an opposite one 
to the first, will not its inconsistency appear most glaring ; and must not its 
assumption to be a medium for disseminating saving truths be monsterous • 
and must not its professed reception of the Bible as the only rule of faith, be 
worse than imposition ; must it not be rank hypocracy. Lamentable must 
be the state of mind of an individual who could do this ; deplorable must be 
the moral sensibility of a body of educated clergy, who in solemn conclave en- 
dorse it, as did the Synod of Australia, by recording a vote of thank s to the 
Rev. James Coutts, Editor of the said journal. Although such conduct may 
appear almost incredible, it is nevertheless true, that the same writer who laid 
down the first law in the very same article, and on the very next page, 
makes the following statement : — 

" When we would furnish our minds with some idea of God, we must 
throw ourselves into the fields of creation," (not revelation) "and search 
after His footprints in the things which he has made." (NOT IN THE 
BIBLE.) 

In the same article it is stated, that "the universe can afford us no like- 
ness of its author," and in the third, that '*the image of God can only be 
found in His (man's) soul the seat of his moral faculties." We would ask 
the Editor, is not man his soul and moral faculties in the universe ; and 
whether is one or both of these statements false. 

In the second article it is stated, that God demands homage, " not so much 
by what he revealed as by what revelation He proclaimed obscure;" "it is 
probably essential to the very nature of God that he should hide himself!" 
"The God of Israel must be a God that hideth himself;" "He (God) hideth 
himself even where He revealeth himself." 

Who ever before published such nonsense, a person revealing something 
by hiding it, a person demanding respect and concealing the ground 
on which that respect was claimed ; whoever heard of a person giving in- 
struction by keeping it back ; imparting knowledge by withholding it. This 
ignoront jargon is only equalled by the following : — " If we could compre- 
hend God we would not worship him." Does the comprehension of sov- 
ereign necessarily lead to disloyalty ; is it not a fact that the more thoroughly 
a child comprehends its father, the more ready it is to yield obedience ; did 
not Jesus Christ comprehend His and our father in heaven, and who equalled 
Him in honouring the father, who so devoted to obedience. Listen to him, 
" Suffer it to be so now, for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness ; 
I have bread to eat that ye know nothing off ; My meat and my drink 
is to do the will of Him that sent me ; Not my will but thine be done ; It 
cannot be said that He did not pray to the father ; did he not say, if I ask 
my father. He will give me a legion of angels ;" did not He also pray for 
His desciples, and all that should believe on Him through them ; and is he 
not the mediator between God and man ; with whom does he mediate, is it 
not with the Father in behalf of the children of men. 

This class of writers are ever ready to cite the statement of Job in the 37 
chap, and 23 verse, "Touching the Almighty we cannot find him out." This 



30 

is the language of the Christian Herald, and of all sectarian Christendom, 
and how applicable to them as to Job the keen rebuke, administered by th e 
Lord immediately following this declaration, " Then the Lord answered Job 
out of the whirlwind and said, who is this that darkeneth counsel hp words 
without knowledge ; gird up now thy loins like a man for I will demand of 
thee, and answer thou me !" Job 28 ; 1, 2, 3, and what a check they may 
find to their vain philosophy, in the following humble and contrite confes- 
sion, "Then Job answered the Lord and said, I know thou canst do every- 
thing, and that no thought can be withholden from thee ; who is he thathideth 
counsel without knowledge ? therefore have I uttered that I understood 
not ; things too wonderful for me, which I knew not ; I have heard of thee 
by the hearing ofthe ear, but now MINE EYE SEETH THEE ; wherefore 
I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes. Job 42 ; 1, 2, 4, 5, 6. 

If the statement of the Herald be true not a soul of Adam's posterity can 
be saved, salvation and eternal life are synonymous ; the Saviour said, this is 
eternal life to know God and His Son Jesus Christ. He also said that the 
pure in heart should see Ood. 

This awful condition of people and priests has been forcibly depicted by 
Isaiah in the 24 chapter, 1,2, " Behold the Lord maketh the earth empty, 
and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the 
inhabitants thereof, and it shall be as with the people so with the priests ; as 
with the servant so with the master : as with the maid so with her mistress ; 
as with tlie buyer so with the seller ; as with the lender so with the borrower ; 
as with the taker of usuary so with the giver of usuary unto him." In the 
-5th verse the reason of this state of things is assigned in the following words, 
" They have transgressed the law, changed the ordinances, and broken the 
everlasting covenant," for this cause they have lost the spirit by which the 
scriptures were dictated ; the which spirit was to lead into all truth, being 
destitute of this spirit, and having itching ears, they have heaped to them- 
selves teachers who teach for hire and divine for money. For this cause 
darkness covers the earth, and gross darkness the minds of the people, 
therefore the Lord hath decreed that the inhabitants thereof shall be burned, 
and few men left. O awake ye that slumber, awake. 

(To be Continued,) 



THE CRIMEA. 

Casualities to the Brethren — Baptisms — Interest in the Work, S^c. 

Camp, Inkermann, 2 miles from Sebastopol, Dec. 21, 1854. 

Dear Brother Richards — Your kind and welcome letter came safe to hand, 
after having been lost and found again near Balaklava by a seamen, who 
kindly brought it to the 49th regiment. For the counsel you so kindly sent 
we return you our grateful thanks, as it was much required by every one of 
us. 

Since last I wrote to you, we have had to pass through many trying and 
dreadful scenes. The 2nd Division, to which most of this Branch of the 
Church belongs, has been in three general engagements, and in the last the. 
brethren suffered severely, one- — Priest Patrick Brodle, was killed ; he 
fought as every soldier should — in the love and fear of God, and I feel to 
say, great will be his reward. Elder McLean was wounded in the arm, 



31 

vvliich only kept him from his duty four days. Three of the brethren were 
wounded — two slightly, the other brother — Peter Hay, has lost his right 
arm, and he will have to return to England. I have written to Elder Gil- 
bert, at Chatham, so that he may be received when he arrives there, as he 
had no certificate with him, on account of my not being able to see him. 

We all feel the solemnity of our present position, and let what may come 
we feel to say, Thy will be done, O Lord. 

No one, but those who have been in similar situations to what we have, 
can form any idea of the horrors of the field of battle. God grant the time 
may not be far distant when we may be released from such scenes. 

One only have we baptized since I wrote last, but I have the pleasing 
news to say, that many would be baptised if we had time and opportunity. 
Some who departed in the late engagements died believing the latter-day 
work. At the present time we can do but little, as we cannot hold a meet- 
ing to preach, but we converse with many when we have an opportunity, 
which has done much good. 

Elders Ross and Higgins, and Teacher W. Walker, have been very sickly 
of late. Their faith is good, and I hope they will soon be well again. The 
remainder of the brethren are doing well. As for myself, God has been 
good, kind, and merciful to me, for which my heart bounds with love towards 
Him. 

On the 19th of December, being on out-lying picket, " Mormonism" was 
brought forward, and seeing an opportunity, I rose and testified to the work. 
The Spirit of God was with me, and I brought before those that would 
listen the first principles of the Gospel. When I sat down, Satan sent his 
imps to play, and from the mouth of one there came nothing but swearing 
and cursing at God's holy word and his servants. I told him that God made 
him, and had protected him so far, but if he tempted the Lord, His wrath 
would come on him before long. He kept on for some time. At two o'clock 
the next day this man was dead. 

Elder Higgins has sent for me. I hear that he is very bad. Please to 
excuse this scrawl. I will write again first opportunity. 

Yours in the everlasting Covenant, 
From the M. Star. Henry Russell. 



EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM JAMES WARBY, FORMERLY 
OF THE WILLIAMS RIVER BRANCH. 

San Bernardino, Aug. 28th, 1854 
Dear Father and Mother, — I feel it a great pleasure to write to you to 
let you know that we are all well, and in good health at present, for which 
I feel to thank God. 

My Dear Brothers and Sisters I feel somewhat like giving you my testi- 
mony to this work, and that is, that Mormonism is true, and that it is the 
work of the Lord in these last days, and blessed is he that obeyeth it, and 
lives up to it, and he that doeth it not will be damned, for the Lord has said 
so, and there is no two ways about it. 

I am happy to inform you that I like this country very much ; I have 
been harvesting and have earned as much wheat as will serve us for l2 



32 

months, so that we shall not want for bread ; I have bought an allotment of 
one acre in the Township, to build me a house and make a garden. 

The produce that is raised here is wheat, barley, maize and loads of 
garden stuff of all kinds ; we are also raising all kinds of fruit, we have a 
few^ fruit trees and grape vines of different kinds, this is a very fruitful place. 

I never saw one in this place that wished to be back, I would not come 
back for all New South Wales. My advice to all who wish to serve the 
Lord in spirit and in truth, is to obey His commandments, and gather with 
his people before it is too late, for the Lord is about to accomplish His 
work, that is to gather His people together in one, remember that the Lord 
has said, that He would gather the wheat into thegardner, and that he would 
bind the tares in bundles to be burned. 

My dear friend cannot you see that the Lord is gathering His people, 
those who will serve Him from the midst of you, and from all parts of the 
earth to a place of refuge, whilst the wicked suffer the wrath of an Almighty 
God. 

My dear friends these words are true and faithful, whether you believe 
them or not, I should like to hear that my father had obeyed the Gospel, 
if you have not done so, I would beg of you to seek unto the Lord for sal- 
vation before it is too late and gather to Zion, wherever it may be, my testi- 
mony is that, this is the place that the Lord has appointed for the gathering 
of his people. 

To James Warby, Your affectionate Son, 

JAMES WARBY. 



EDITORIAL AND GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. 

The werk throughout these Colonies is progressing more than for some time past ; baptisms taking 
place in the respective conferences. 

We have received a number of '■ Millenial Stars " through the post, they contain accounts of the 
state of the work in the United Kingdom, and on the Continent. We extract the following from the 
letter of Elder Findley, of the Hindostan Mission, dated Belgaum, Oct. 22, 185t. 

President Richards, -Beloved Brother, my last to you intimated that I had obtained permission to 
reside, preach &c., in this cantonment, and that a few had been baptized, and many more were inter- 
esting themselves in the principles of the Gospel. 

It soon got blazed abroad that we were likely to do some good, and our common enemy, true to his 
general policy in the east, had it on the wing, that the people, soldiers and all, were about to become 
" Mormons" and be off to the Salt Lake ; and as might be expected where the tactics of war are the 
order of the day, a party rose to arms to barricade the 64th, against further " Mormon" invitations, 
which has proved as yet somewhat effectual ; the first move was for some one of the would be " cun- 
ning ones," to find out really who had been baptized ; and finding a victim in the person of brother 
George Gordon, assistant school-master, he was, as I am informed, dragged before his commanding 
officer, accused of the notorious crime of having renounced Protestantism, for which, without the 
pretence of another charge against him, he was deprived of his situation, and turned back to the 
ranks as a private, with the additional stigma hung to his character, that his evidence should not 
thence forth be taken in any Court Martial. , 

Possibly you may be disposed to censure the introduction here of " inquisitor," but hold on my 
brother, you will at once perceive the epithet to be most appropriate, when I inform you that brother 
George Gordon's bible, which lay in the school-room, and which he was accustomed to read after school 
hours, at the same time penciling any impressive portion for future reference, was taken to the 
orderly room and passed through the Adjutant to this court for examination ; and that an order was 
issued from the same place, to gather up all " Mormon" books and tracts, (whether public or private 
property,) found in the barracks, and to have them burned by the meanest native menial. 

From tlie general intelligence is manifest, that the Lord is with His servant, sustaining and bles- 
sing them with signs following, and that, whilst the nations of the earth are closing their eyes through 
the blindness of unbelief, He is performing his " marvelous work and a wonder," bringing into the gos- 
pel, and gathering out from the nations the honest hearted, and will continue to do so until He shall 
have gathered His elect from the four winds of heaven, and placed them in a place of safety, that they 
may learn of His way, and walk in His path to glory, honour, and exaltation. 



Price Sixpence. 

Edited and Published by A. Farnham, No. 103, Parramatta-street, Sydney. 



THE ZION'S WATCHMAN, 

PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE 

Cfturcfi of ^tiui Cljrisit of Hatter Bag .#amts!, 

IN SYDNEY. 



" HE THAT READETH LET HIM UNDERSTAND.' 



No. 3. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 18, 1855. Vol. II. 

SECOND EPISTLE OF THE PRESIDENCY OF THE AUSTRA- 
LASIAN MISSION. 

To the Saints and Inhabitants of Amtralasia. — Greeting. 

■ Beloved Brethren and sisters, the times in which we live are big 
with events, more so than any past age of the world, and there is no nation, 
kindred, tongue or people that is not in some degree affected by these events. 
A restless, anxious, and disquiet spirit is possessed by all the inhabitants of 
the earth. These dire forbodings not only disturb their slumbers in the 
night, but also deranges and perplexes and embarresses their proceedings in 
the day ; and they anxiously enquire, what will come next ? How will these 
things terminate ? What is going to become of the world ? So influenced 
are the inhabitants of the earth by this eventful period, that dread and ter- 
ror fills their hearts, and the hearts of the great and noble ; of the humble and 
poor ; of kings and potentates, are quailing within them in fear of that which 
is coming upon the earth ; especially amongst the most civilized nations 
thereof. 

What is the cause of this disquietude, anxiety, and embarressment, and 
is there no remedy for it ? Why should it be thus withchristian nations, if 
they are the nations or people of God. It was not so in ancient times with 
God's people, when they were faithful to his commandments, at such times 
they had the prophet of God to give unto them the word of the Lord, not 
only making known the end thereof, but also giving such detailed instruc- 
tions and counsel, relative to their proceedings, so that the power of God 
might be manifested in their behalf, and they prospered and delivered. 

The true cause of this is, that they "transgressed the law;" discarded or 
changed the ordinances, and laid aside the organization of " Apostles and 
Prophets," that have been set in the Church of Christ for the purpose of 
ruling and governing the same. They have thus established an organiza- 
tion or form of godliness of their own, rejecting and despising the one estab 



lishedby the Lord, and consequently have lost the power possessed by saints in 
every age, namely, the gifl of the Holy Ghost, which is a spirit of revelation 
by prophesy, tongues, dreams, visions, ministrations of angels, by this power 
they could enquire the mind and wUl of the Lord ; for the want of this they 



u 

grope in darkness, as blind men, not knowing whither they are going, nor 
what will ];efall them. This ignorance and insecurity perplexes and disturbs 
them — tiic y look for light but behold obscurity — for brightness but their 
darkness is increasing — ^for salvation but it is far from them — for, in trans- 
gressinjiC a'ld lying against the Lord, by saying that the authority, organiza- 
tion and powers, or blessing of the gospel are no longer needed, they have 
spoken o])pression against His servants, revolted against His authority, and 
conceived and uttered from their hearts words of falsehood against His pro- 
phe Joseph Smith and the Saints of Latter-days. 

Whilst this is the condition of the world, yet we as a people are far from 
this sad state, whilst the nations of the earth are mourning, we are rejoicing 
in the blessings of the everlasting gospel, revealed by the angel shown in a 
vision to John on the Isle of Potmas, (see Rev. 14, 6,) and this gospel is 
being preached to the world by the Elders of Israel, who have been called 
and set apart to that authority, through the Holy Priesthood restored to the 
prophet Joseph Smith, through the ministration of Peter, James, and John, 
who last held the keys of the Holy Apostleship. It is required of tl>ese 
messengers, that they not only call upon all men everywhere to repent 
and obey the gospel, but they are also to declare that the hour of 
God's judgements is come, and they call on all who fear the Lord and 
desire His protection, to come out of Babylon, (the confused nations of the 
earth,) to the place of safety, even the chambers of the Lord, predicted of by 
Isaiah, viio was also shown the Temple of the Lord, built in the tops of the 
mountains, where the ways of the Lord would be made known to the righte- 
ous of all nations who should flee there in obedience to God's commands, 
there they sltould be free from the iniquitious power and oppression of the 
rebellious nations of the earth ; there they should be able to walk in the 
paths (laws and ordinances) of the Lord, paths that will lead to glory and 
exaltation in the kingdom of God. 

Amongst others that hav-' been sent to preach this Gospel of the kingdom 
to the nations of the earth, we, by the commandment of God, came to these 
lands to minister the words and ordinaiices of life and salvation to as many 
as would receive the same ; we were also commanded to dedicate ourselves 
and families into the hands of the Lord, and to go forth without purse or 
script, depending upon the bounties of strangers for shelter, food, and rai- 
ment. This we did cheerfully for the gospel's sake, "knowing it to be the 
power of God unto salvation to all them that believe." And the Lord has 
not left us without a testimony, that He has been with us to literally fulfil 
the blessing placed upon our heads by the servants of God. The spirit of 
the Lord has been our counsellor, opening up our way, lighting up our path 
when it has been obscure, providing tor our necessities, blessing our adminis- 
trations whether in word or deed, many have believed and obeyed the gos- 
pel, and are rejoiceing in the blessing thereof, looking anxiously for the 
time when they shall gather to the "home of tlie Saints," where they may 
learn the way of the Lord more perfectly. The sick have been healed 
through tiie gifV. and power of the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands, 
in the name of Jesus Christ. The testimony of Jesus, even the spirit of 
prophesy h«s been with us, and we have been enriched in counsel, instruc- 
tio.i, aiid knowledge in the things of God, so much so that our hearts have 



. 35 

been made to rejoice with joy unspeakable, and we rendtr praise and tlianks- 
giving to our Father in heaven for the same. Amen. 

Elder B. Frost who came out under our presidency, has bveen recalled, and 
is now on his way home with a company of saints, he is also accompanied 
by Elder P. Smith of this mission. And now as the saints will preceive by 
President Brigham Young's letter, inserted with the minutes of the confer- 
ence, we are called upon to arrange the condition of the mission, and pre- 
pare to return to our families. This intelligence would be thought to be joy- 
ous to us, but when we consider the associations we have formed, the many 
warm and honest hearts we must leave behind us, these, together with the 
encouraging prospects of the work throughout the whole mission, make us 
loath to leave, yet, duty calls and we must obey, in doing so we feel we are 
free from the blood of the inhabitants of these colonies ; we have used every 
means in our power to warn them, by public preaching, private instruction, 
and distribution of tracts, so that we shall not fear to meet them at the 
judgement seat, where all will have to appear to render an account of the 
deeds done in the body. 

Therefore in accordance with the instruction refered to, we shall prepare 
to take our departure from these lands about April next, at which time we 
should be happy of the com))any of as many saints as can prepare to gati^er 
at that time. Liberty has been given to Elders James Graham and John S. 
Eldridge to return home in August next, with a company of saints that will 
depart about that time. 

In our first epistle we counselled the saints to prepare to go last April, 
but in consequence of a number of saints going from Adelaide, and the heavy 
expenses they must have incurred in coming up to Sydney, it was deemed 
wisdom that the company should depart from Victoria, this prevented any 
saints in New South Wales from going ; such as desired to go at that time 
may avail themselves of the opportunity of going with the company leaving 
in August next. Elder John McCarthy is at liberty to gather with the 
Saints at that time. 

The Elders who have thus been relieved, have laboured faithfully and 
diligently in the ministery, they have our faith and prayers, and we feel to 
bless them in the name of Israel's God. And we call upon all to whom they 
have ministered the words of life and salvation, to minister to their necessi- 
ties, and assist them by their means to gather home to Zion, and the Lord 
shall bless you abundantly. 

The companys leaving in August and Apiil will depart from New South 
Wales. 

Our counsel to all saint?, or all that may be called saints, is to walk faith- 
fully and humbly before the Lord in obedience to His command- 
ments and counsel, laying aside every evil habit, forsaking all that may cor- 
rupt the body or mind, seek after the riches of eternity, pursue wisdom and 
knowledge by reading the best books, and by cultivating the spirit of the 
Lord to lighten up your minds, to strengthen and enlarge your capacity, to 
open to your view the riches of knowledge that are in Christ Jesus the Lord, 
always recognize and submit to, and uphold by your faith and prayers, the 
powers that hey that is those whom God hath set in authority over you, and 
assist to roll forth the work of the Lord witU all your ujight, mind, and 



. 56 

strength, both spiritually and temporally, and the Lord (iod of Israel shall 
bless you with every needful blessing. 

We would again entreat the saints to use every possible effort in their 
power to flee the confines of Babylon, ere the way becomes more closed than it 
is at present ; cease to spend your money on that, that neither benefits body or 
mind, remember that all will be required tor securing your temporal, yea, 
and your eternal saWation, for if you gather not with the saints, and are not 
administered to in the holy ordinances of the house of God, by those who 
hold the keys of the Holy Apostleship, and who have power to bind on 
earth, that which will be bound in heaven, you cannot attain unto the bless- 
ing, honour, glory, and exaltation that await such as are thus priviledged. 

Beloved saints, the very end of this dispensation, which is "the dispensa- 
tion of the fulness of times," is to "gather to gather in one" dispensation, all 
the dispensations ever sent to the earth ; to gather in one authority all the 
keys and powers of the previous dispensation, so that the power and authority 
of the saints on the earth may be one with power and authority of those be- 
hind the veil, for the purpose of accomplishing the design and purpose of 
God in relation to man and this earth, this design and purpose is, "the 
restoration of all things spoken by the mouth of all the holy prophets since 
the world began." It is in this dispensation that the Lord hath said, that, 
He will bring His saints together unto him ; those that have made a covenant 
with Him by sacrifice, these will be gathered in one on the earth. This 
dispensation is preeminently a gathering dispensation. The peculiar influence 
of the spirit given in this dispensation is a spirit to gather, therefore none, 
whatever their profession may be, can enjoy the spirit of the Lord, and 
possess the blessings of the gospel, who neglect or disregard the important 
commandment to gather. Then let the saints arouse themselves with deeper 
interest than ever on this important matter, in all your undertakings seek 
counsel, and abide the word of the Lord given unto you by His servant ; let 
not the poor saints forget the fact, that the Lord helps those who help 
themselves ; and let not those whom the Lord has made trustees of wealth, 
for a season forget that it was through the once poor and ignorant boy Joseph 
Smith, that they have obtained a knowledge of the gospel, with its powers 
and blessings ; let them not forget that it has been through the faithfulness of 
saints, who have times and again become poor for the gospel sake, having 
through the influence of modern scribes and pharasees, been repeatedly 
robbed and plundered of their all, and who have been driven by ruthless 
mobbs, so that they were forced to wander on the frost bleached prairies 
without shelter, not having a place to lay their heads, it is through the 
faithfulness of such, that the church of God has been borne along to the 
present time, it is their energy, untiring zeal and continual sacrifice, that has 
encountered the difficulties, surmounted and overcome the dangers, and has, 
through the mercies of our Heavenly Father, been instrumental in estab- 
lishing so far the Kingdom of God. Let them not forget that it is through 
the ministrations of the servants of the Lord, who have forsaken all things, 
even houses and lands, wives and children, and who have come forth poor, 
even without purse and scrip to this strange land, and to them strange people, 
not having herein a home or friend, that they have received the gospel. It 
is therefore strictly through the poor, that they have obtained unto the bless- 



57 

ings they now enjoy through the gospe) of salvation ; let them not therefore 
forget the poor, but let them do all that they can, subject to the counsel, to 
gather up such ; if you do this, the posterity of the poor in generations yet 
to come, will rise up to bless you, the servants of the Lord shall bless you, 
and the Lord Himself will bless you even more abundantly than your hearts 
can conceive. We now counsel all saints who have the means to commence 
to arrange their business, and order their circumstances, so that they may be 
prepared to gather to Zion in or about April, 1856. 

We would now address ourselves to the Governors, Judges, Magistrates, 
to the rulers and people of the Australian colonies, and in the common bonds 
of humanity we would address them as our brethren in the flesh. W^e 
would therefore brethren, entreat you to consider the times in which we live, 
and the peculiar revolution that has taken place in the public mind, within 
these few years past. We have only to look back as it were a few da^'s, 
and we see peace and prosperity spreading their effulgent influences over the 
earth ; a spirit of progress took possession of, and was cultivated by the 
wise and noble amongst tl>€ children of men. The divine contemplated with 
satisfaction, the tolerant spirit of the age and rejoiced in the depth of biblical 
research, in the application of arts and science, to the use of Theology, the 
religion of the bible being sustained by the religion of nature, the increased 
facilities for the spread of biblical knowledge, through the agency of the 
printing press, Bible, Missionary, Tract and Temperance Societies, ect. ; and 
his countenance seemed to light up with joy, from the idea that the time was 
nigh, when the spiritual millennial reign of Christ should be ushered in ; 
when their would be a kind of universal brotherhood established amongst 
men, and nations should learn war no more. The philanthrophist rejoiced 
in the national and local improvements, made for the alleviation of human 
ills, and for elevating the physical, mental and moral condition of man, from 
that of a mere machine to that of an intelligent rational and resposable being, 
in connexion with these the benevolent politician looked forward to the time 
when the benefits derived from increased powers of production, would be 
more equitably distributed, so that all classes would be enabled to avail 
themselves of the improvements before mentioned, and thus the happiness of 
the mass would be enhanced. But alas, alas, their systems were not fully 
organized, their niellifluous notes of peace peace had scarcely began to vibrate 
in the atmosphere, their joy had not passed the point of enthusiasm, to 
settle in complacency, ere a loud voice is heard, on the Laiid in the form of 
wings, beyond the waters of Ethiopia, crying aloud to nil the inhabitants of 
the earth, high and low, rich and poor, bond and free, repefit, repent every 
one of you, and be baptized for the remission of your sins, and you shall 
receive the Holy Ghost, (by the laying on of hands) saying, fear God and 
give glory to Him, for_the hour of His judgments is come, and worship Him 
that made heaven and 'earth, the sea and the fountain of waters. This voice 
was the voice of the prophet Joseph Smith, this message was the everlasting 
gospel committed to him by the ministrations of holy angels, but the world 
said that he was a liar, impostor, deceiver, ect., and he was thought so 
unworthy to live, that his life was continually sought after, and it was in tlie 
end, taken by men who should have been his fellow citizens, citizens of a 
land, the constitution of which is the most free, the laws of which are the 



3^ 

most equitable of ail the nations of the earth. His lire was not taken by 
the po^ver of the constitution, He was not executed by the laws of the land, 
but it was by the power of ruthless rnobochracy, that set aside the constitu- 
tion, disregarded the laws of both God and man. 

'J'he world in the face of his testimony cried, there can be no communica- 
tions from the spirit world, there will be no more revelations from God, 
saying, juiit as Nephi said they would say, a Bible, a Bible, we have a Bibl«' 
we want no more Bible. The world is advancing in intelligence and civili- 
zation, so much that men are not so inclined to take up arms against his 
fellowman, the Saviour is not to come on the earth literally, but is to reign 
spiritually ; these were the feelings and sentiments of those who lead the 
public mind twenty-five years ago. 

Since then a mighty change has taken place, hundreds of thousands now 
believe in communications from the spirit world, hundreds of intelligent and 
influential divines believe in further revelation, and maintain that Elijah 
will be sent, and thousands believe in the literal reign of Christ on the earth, 
and in the literal gathering of Israel. Peace has fled from the earth, the 
war whoop is sounded from nation to nation. How has this mighty changes 
coine to pass ? Wliat has accomplished this mighty revolution ? Is there 
nothing in all this that indicates that Joseph Smith had truth on his side ? 
Is there notliing in all this to show that he was a prophet of God ; did he 
liot warn the nations, and declare that the Lord had said that he would call 
upon the inhabitants of the earth, by the voice of his servants, and by the 
voice of thunders, by the voice of lightnings, and by the voice of earthquakes, 
pestilence, and famine, have not these things taken place, and are they not 
continually taking place, follov\ing in the steps of the servants of the Lord. 
How could Joseph Smith know these things if they were not revealed unto 
him ; did he not say that the message given to him should go to every nation, 
kindred, tongue and people, and has it not spread over the earth to the 
astonishment of the inhabitants thereof. Did he not say that those w^ho 
received his message, should gather to organize and build up the kingdom 
of God, and is not the gathering of the saints a marval to this generation ; did 
he not say that the blood of the saints should cry from the ground, that they 
should be driven from city to city, and from synagogue to synagogue; did he 
not say that the gospel or the organization and authority of God's priesthood 
should be taken from the midst of the gentiles inhabiting the continent of 
America, and that Zion should " flourish on the hills and rejoice on the tops 
of the mountains." Did he not say that the saints should be persecuted ; 
that they sliould have all manner of evil spoken against them, falsly for the 
gospel's sake, and that the powers of earth and hell should combine for their 
overthrow, but that they should not prevail, have not all these things taken 
place, and do they not prove that he was not a liar, imposter, deceiver, 
&c., yes they prove tliat he was a man of veracity, possessing wisdom and 
knowledge, even hidden wisdom and knowledge of the times and seasons, 
which tlie falher had put or kept in His own power, do not all these corro- 
borate his testimony, that angels had ministered unto him ; that the Almighty 
had given him instruction and counsel, and as to the gospel taught by him, 
which is faith in God and in His Son Jesus Christ, repentance, baptism for 
the remission of sins, and the gift of the Holy Ghost, by the laying on of 
hands, is it not the same as was 



39 

*' Preached by Paul and Peter, 
And by Jesus Christ their head." 

And is not the organization of Apostles and Prophets the sane. 3s is set 
forth in the new Testament, and are not the gifts and blessing he contended 
for the same, that were promised by the Saviour to follow then that believe. 

This being the case are not the authority, doctrine and prophecies of 
Joseph Smith true, they are indeed, this we know by the gii't and power of 
the Holy Ghost, promised by the Lord through His prophet Josej>ii Smith, 
to all who should receive this Latter-day Gospel. 

We were also personally acquainted with the prophet, and knew him to 
be a good and virtuous citizen, a tender and affectionate husband and father, 
an Holy Prophet of God, as good a man as ever trod this earth, Jesus Christ 
excepted. 

We now entreat you all to believe and obey this gospel, and you shall 
know for yourselves, that the dcctrine is of God. Prepare to gather with 
us to a place of safety, wherein is peace whilst the inhabitants of the earth 
are disquieted, wherein is plenty v^^hilst distruction is spreading over the 
earth, gather to where the prophet of God is, where his temple is being 
built, where his angels will minister, where his power will protect and 
deliver. 

Gather before the desolating scourges overtake these lands, for the Lord 
has decreed a consumption of the whole earth. He will make it empty and 
void, on account of the inhabitants thereof, who have transgressed the laws, 
changed the ordinances and broken the everlasting Covenant ; in His visita- 
tion these lands will not escape, for He will visit them with pestilence and 
famine, with thunders and lightning, with earthquakes, with blood and with 
rapine, then escape before it is too late. 

Our prayer is that God will continue to bless His saints, and all the honest 
in heart, and open up their way that they may gather to Zion, where they 
may walk in the light of the Lord, and have His righteousness revealed to 
them, from faith to faith, that they may be prepared for His Kingdom and 
coming. Amen. 

AUGUSTUS FARNHAM, 
No. 25, Bank street, Chippendale. JOSIAH W. FLEMING. 
Sydney, July 16th, 1855. 



quartekly conference of the australasian mission of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, held in 
Sydney, July 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th, 1855. 

PRESENT : — 

President of the Mission, — 
Elder Augustus Farnham, 

Josiah W. Fleming, Counsellor. 

Travelling Elders, — 



40 

A. P Dowdle, J. Graham, John S. Eldridge, John McCarthy, 
William Baxter. 
Sydney Branch, — 
John Jones, President, William Robb and Robert Evans, Counsellors. 

Hunters River Branch, — 
John Penfold, President, J. C. Penfold and G. Hunter, Counsellors. 

The morning service was opened with a prelude on the Harmonium 
by Professor Nixon. Meeting opened by singing and prayer, after 
which Elder Jones declared tlie meeting open for the transaction of 
business, vv hen Elder A. Farnham was appointed President of the 
Conference, and Elder J. Jones, Clerk. 

The President rose and said. Brethren, Sisters, and Friends, we 
have met to transact business pertaining to the kingdom of God. 
The business is both spiritual and temporal. 

The world cannot pretend that they are authorized by God to 
transact their business, they meet in the name of man, and are guided 
by man's wisdom, but we meet in the name of Jesus Christ, the only 
name established on earth by which man can approach His Father 
and receive blessings from Him. It is in His name that we meet to 
transact such business as will have a tendency to lead us back into 
the presence of God. We have strayed from our Father, and the 
design of the Gospel is to bring us back into His presence, and 
into the presence of Holy Angels. Men naturally desires to re- 
ceive good when they assemble together, for this end we are assem- 
bled this day, and if we are united as the heart of one man, we shall 
be blessed, for the Lord has said, that wherever two or three are 
gathered together in my name, and are agreed as touching the 
things of the kingdom, I will be there to bless them. If we 
are as one man, united in heart and mind, what blessings can be 
withheld from us, none that it is wisdom we should receive. If such 
be our feelings, the blessing of our Heavenly Father shall rest upon 
us and our hearts be made to rejoice in the same, if you do not close 
your hearts against them. Our time being short, only being able to 
have this Hall for one day, we shall be brief and explicit in our bu- 
siness transactions, that we may have time to give and receive such 
instructions as the Spirit may dictate. My prayer is that our Father 
in Heaven will be with us and grant us His Spirit to dictate to us, 
that it may be manifest that the Lord is with us, and that through 
the blessing sent down. We can do nothing but through the Spirit 
of the Lord. My desire and determination is to do the will of my 
Master until the time shall come for me to return home to my Father. 
If we ai'e one no possible blessing that we desire can be withheld 
fpom us. This work is, and will continue to roll on, and no power can 
stay its progress until the honest are gathered out. People might as 



41 

well rise their arms and try to disthroiie Him who is eternal, as to 
stop the progress of this work. The Saints are increasing and gather- 
ing from nearly all kingdoms. May the Lord stay his hand m 
jndgemeni until all the honest in heart are gathered out. Amen. 

Resolved, first, that we sustain Elder John Jones as President of 
the Sydney Branch, and William Robb and Robert Evans as his 
Counsellors. 

Second, that we sustain by our faith, and prayers, and means Elder 
Augustus Farnham as President of the Australian Mission, and Josiah 
W. Fleming as his Counsel. 

Third, that we sustain Brigham Young as President of the Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints throughout the world, also as 
our Prophet, Seer, Revelator, and Leader in Israel, and Heber C. 
Kembal and Jedediah M. Grant as his Counsellors. 

Fourth, that we sustain the quorum of twelve apostles, and all 
other authorities of the Church in Zion, and throughout the world. 
The president then stated, that the next business was to receive the 
reports ; and stated that he had received a letter from Elder Cooke 
yesterday, who is labouring in New Zealand, the work is prospering 
there. I have received letters from him about every four weeks, he 
has had many hard places to pass through, but he has persevered 
faithfully and diligently, — he is at Nelson. He has to travel in a cir- 
cuit of about 50 miles ; some who at first rejected him, have turned 
round, and are now willing to receive him ; the public mind has been 
awakened to a considerable extent, many are enquiring after the truth. 
He calls for help, but we have but few Elders who can devote their 
time to the work, yet the work is, and will continue to roll forth in 
that colony, for the Lord is blessing his servants, and is gathering 
some into His Kingdom, and He will gather them out of that land; it 
is the Lord's work, and he has said that he will gather H is saints if 
they are faithful ; the promise is to the faithful not to the unfaithful. 

In Adelaide the work is progressing, there are several Elders 
preaching through that land, previous to the departure of those who 
went to Zion in the last company, they numbered 70 ; the saints left 
are faithful and blessed with the spirit of the Lord, the work is not 
stopped, but is continuing to roll forth. This news received from 
Elder Norton, the President of that Conference, makes my heart to 
rejoice. 

Elder Joseph Spencer has the charge of the Victoria Conference 
since the departure of Elders Frost and Smith. He is a young man 
who was baptized in September last, but he is faithful and diligent 
in magnifying his calling, he is travelling from place to place, calling 
on all to repent and obey the gospel. The Lord has owned his 
labours, and he is frequently baptizing ; there are others waiting for 
my return to that place, desiring to be baptized. There arc call* 



42 

from different parts of that colony for Elders. Thus the prospects 
for the prosperity of the work in that colony are good. 

The president then called upon A. P. Dovvdle, who arose and 
said, bretliren and sisters, it is with pleasure that I arise to report 
the N. W. Section, or the Hunter's River District, the work of the 
Lord is rolling on in that section, during my labours there I have 
baptized seven, others are waiting for our return ; there are several 
places where the gospel has not yet been preached, and many are 
desirous of hearing the servants of the Lord, so that there is a 
probability of a good work being done in that Conference ; f have 
laboured in the neighbourhood of the Allyn and Pattersou Rivers, 
at Maitland and Teachester, the saints are enjoying the spirit of the 
Lord, and doing all in their power to the rolling forth of His work, 
they are generally anxious to gather, and to do the things that are 
right 1 believe that many more will yet be brought to rejoice in the 
gospel, as the saints in that section now do. 

Elder J. S. Eldridge said that he had been travelling in company 
with Elder J. Graham, and that they had visited Camden, Pitt 
Town, Emu Plains, Windsor, and other places, we have been 
truely blessed in our labours in the work of the Lord, there are 
some searching after the truth, some have united with the Church du- 
ring the past three months, if Elders could continue to travel in that 
section, I doubt not but that many would unite with the Saints ; in 
some places where the inhabitants some time ago would not listen to 
us, they have now desired preaching and come out to listen. There 
is in my opinion an opportunity of doing good. 

Elder W. Baxter stated that he had been labouring during a por- 
tion of the last quarter, in company with Elder McCarthy, we visited 
the Williams' and Manning Rivers the first two months, these places 
appear very dark ; the last month I have been by myself labouring 
at Teachester, there are many enquiring after the truth there, and I 
believe that a good work will be done in that place, providing Elders 
are sent there ; there are many there who desire preaching. 

Elder J. M'Carthy said that he had travelled as had been stated, 
in company with Elder Baxter, during the past month they had sepe- 
rated, Elder Baxter taking one part and me another, since then I 
have visited the Williams' River and Hinton ; I got an opening to 
preach at Hinton and baptized four, but since then the door has closed, 
for the landlords warned their tenants that if they opened their doors 
for the Mormons, their farms would be taken from them. At this 
place I called on the Kev. Mr. Blane and asked permission to preach 
in his church yard after he had dismissed his congregation, this he 
refused, I then asked him if he would give me a night's lodging, this 
he also refused ; I then left him. 

The President stated that although all the Elders had not reported 



45 

baptisms, yet they all had baptized some, the aggregate increase of 
the work in this mission during the last three months, was about 50. 
It has often been said that Mormonism was about to fall, but the fact 
was that it was still progressing, and there was only one way to stop 
its progress, but there is no man or body of men can do it, to accom- 
plish this they must be able to measure arms with the Almighty, 
they must be able to pluck the eternal from his throne, this no man 
can do, so that the Lord will continue to bring in the honest in heart. 

The Clerk at the request of the President read the following 
letter : — 

Great Salt Lake City, 

January, 31st, 1855. 
Elder Augustus Farnham, 

Sydney, Australia. 
Dear Brother, 

Although I have not received any communication from you for some tniie 
past, yet I thought that I would send you a few lines that you may know 
long continued absence does not necessarily involve forgetfulness. — No, 
indeed. If it is any satisfaction to the elders who are absent on missions to 
have my feelings exercised in their behalf, and could know the facts, they 
would be abundantly satisfied. I have heard of your faithfulness and suc- 
cess in the mission to which you have been appointed, and can truly say 
that the Lord has been with you, with his blessing, and his spirit has at- 
tended your testimony. 

Bro. William Hyde's health is much improved since his return, and I 
wi>h that the Elders when they are not healthy would change their location 
or return. So far as you in Australia are concerned, you are at liberty to re- 
turn whenever it suits your convenience, and I shall be most happy to again 
greet you in our mountain home. You may extend the same invitation to 
all the rest of the Elders who were appointed from here to that mission. 
You will however organise and regulate matters in the most judicious man- 
ner for the continuance of the work ; but gather out the Saints and bring 
them with you as far as you shall be able to do so, leaving a sufficient num- 
ber to continue the work. We find it best to gather out all the Saints as 
fast as they can consistantly, leaving only labouring Elders in the field. 

AVe are prospering much as usual in the vallies, unusual peace prevails 
throughout the Territory, although the Indians about Larimie, and along 
the road, are quite hostile. 

The weather is very fine, for the time of year, mason work is going on. 
The public works are steadily progressing, and much improvement in both 
city and country. 

Your families are all well. Feeling to bless you and all faithful Saints 
and Elders, 

I remain as ever, ^ 

Your Friend and Brother in the 
Gospel of Salvation, 

BRIGHAM YOUNG. 



44 

Elder Fleming addressed the meeting, contrasting the condition ol 
the Saints in Zion with that of the world ; referring also to the scenes 
that the servants of the Lord had passed through, and the present 
condition and prospects of these lands, testifying that the spirit of the 
Lord was with His servants, and that the Lord was performing His 
work and gathering out His Saints. 

Conference adjourned until 3 p.m. Dismissed with singing a hymn 
and benediction. 

Adjourned Meeting at 3 p.m. 
Meeting opened by singing a hymn and prayer, when the Sacrament 
was administered by President A. Farnham and Elder Jones, Presi- 
dent Farnham addressing the meeting. After which, the meeting 
was addressed by Elder J. Graham. 

Conference adjourned to 7 p.m. Meeting dismissed with singing 
n hymn and benediction. 

Conference met at 7 ]).m. Meeting opened by singing and prayer. 

The meeting was addressed by Elder A. P. Dowdle, he was fol- 
lowed with remarks from Elder J. W. Fleming and the President. 

There w^as a good degree of the spirit of the Lord with His people 
during this day, and their hearts were made to rejoice in the Gospel 
of Christ, and in the teachings of His servants. There were a num- 
ber of strangers at the evening meeting. 

Meeting adjourned until half-past 10 on Monday morning at 103, 
Parramatta street. 

Meeting was dismissed with singing and benediction. 

Adjourned meeting at 103, Parramatta street, on Monday July 2. 

Meeting opened by prayer. 

The President addressed the meeting for a short time, when he 
called upon Elder Jones to address the saints, after which there were 
4 children blessed under the hands of the President and Elder 
Fleming, after which followed addresses from Elder Fleming and 
the President ; the meeting adjourned to 7 p.m., it was dismissed by 
benediction. 

Adjourned Meeting at 7 p.m. 

Meeting opened by singing and prayer. 

The meeting was addressed by Elders Fleming, Graham, Eldridge, 
Dowdle, Jones and President Farnham. 

Adjourned until half-past 10 a.m. Tuesday. 

Meeting dismissed with singing and benediction. 

Adjourned Meeting, Tuesday, July 3, at half-past 10 a.m. 

Meeting opened by singing and prayer. 

The President addressed the meeting, stating that it must be evi- 
dent to all, as it was to himself, that the spirit of the Lord had been 
in our midst, that this was manifest by the language that had been 
used by those who had spoken, language that could only be dictated 



45 

by the spirit of our father, He counselled the saint* to live according- 
to the principles of the Gospel, to roll forth the work by their faith^ 
means, and by an irreproachable example. ' 

Elder J. W. Fleming followed, exhorting the saints to listen to the 
counsel that had been given by the President. The meeting was 
also addressed by Elders Graham, McCarthy and Baxter. 

Brother Charles Frazer of the Hunters River Conference was called 
to the office of a Priest, and was ordained under the hands of the- 
President and Elders Fleming and Dowdle. 

Adjourned until 7 p.m. Dismissed by benediction. 

Adjourned Meeting at 7 p.m. 

Meeting opened with singing and prayer. 

The President again gave counsel to the saints, forcibly dwelling 
on the necessity of living, according to the revelations given to the 
Church in this dispensation, referred particularly to the " word of 
wisdom." 

The meeting was also addressed by Elders Fleming and Jones. 

Adjourned until 7 p m., on Wednesday. 
•Meeting dismissed with singing a Hymn and Benediction. 

Adjourned meeting on Wednesday, at 7 p.m. 

Meeting opened with singing and prayer. 

The President then assigned the Elders their fields of labour. He 
stated that in accordance with President Young's letter, Elders 
Graham and Eldridge had permission to return home with the next 
company, which would leave in August, they would therefore return 
to the places wherein they had been labouring, and gather up w^hat 
saints they could^ they would also gather means to take them home. 
Elder John McCarthy was at liberty to gather with the next company, 
he would theretore visit those with whom he had laboured, to see if 
he could gather any of them up, and also to collect means to take 
him to Zion, as he. Elder McCarthy, had endured the heat and burden 
of the day in the Hunter's River District, he had permission to visit 
that section, to obtain assistance of those to whom he had ministered. 
This application was to be made under the direction and counsel of 
Elder Dowdle, he, the President, here remarked that an Elder visit- 
ing a section, where another presided, the visiting Elder had no 
authority to call meetings only by the counsel of the presiding Elder, 
Elder M'Carthy will therefore be directed in his proceeding at the 
Hunter's River District, by Elder Dowdle. 

Elder W. Baxter was directed to labour under the direction of 
Elder Dowdle. 

The President then called brother John Perkins, teacher, to the 
office of a Priest, brother William Phillips, to the office of a Teacher, 
brothers John Farrell and Oratio C. Noah to the Deacon's office. 

Before proceeding with the ordination, Elder Fleming called the 



4f^ 

attention of the brethren of the Priesthood, to the manner of ordina- 
tion and confirmation, and said that it should not be said " We lay 
our hands on thy head to confirm or ordain, as the case may be ; 
but " We lay our hands &c., and confirm or ordain, and requested 
the brethren to observe the ordinations that were about to take place. 

These officers being for the Sydney Branch, the President ca/led 
upon Elder Jones to assist him in their ordinations, which were pro- 
ceeded with immediately. Elder Fleming addressed the meeting. 

Conference adjourned to the last Sunday in September. 

Meeting dismissed with singing and benediction. 

In this Conference there has been a perfect union of spirit, a dis- 
position to listen to the word of the Lord, counsel and instruction has 
been poured forth in rich abundance^ as it was dictated by the spirit 
of God, and the hearts of His servants and saints were made to 
rejoice with an abundance of joy, its hallowing influence melting 
into tenderness the hearts of His people. It is a season that will long 
be remembered by those present, for which we feel grateful to our 
Father in Heaven. Amen. 

A. FARNHAM, • 

JOHN JOxXES, Clerk. President 



HONESTY. 

" Owe no man anything but to love one another.'— Paul. 

Honesty is the every-day transactions of life, is lightly esteemed by the 
great mass of mankind. This is evident from the fact that but few, who 
are strictly honest, rise to distinction through the great avenues to popularity 
and influence. Integrity and honour are still the theme of priests, states- 
men, and people ; but while the shadow remains, the substance has departed. 

Like the religions of the day, they too often serve as a cloak, to hiwC the 
depravity of corrupt and licentious men. The greater the deformity the 
more ostentatious must be the show of virtue to hide it. 

While the merchant cheats the person he deals with, and the mechanic 
palms upon his customer an inferior article, they sooth their consciences, if 
they have any remaining, with the idea that they have followed the rules of 
trade ; as though deception was admissable, and dishonesty a virtue, because 
everybody practised them. The lawyer, while perhaps endeavouring to 
gain the case of his clint, makes it his principal study how to Jleece him the 
most effectually. The soldier dies in defence of his country rom privation 
and suffering, while those over him squander the means which should fur- 
nish him with the needful comforts of life. 

Many of the sectarion priests of the day, who should both teach and prac- 
tise principles of righteousness, do neither. They take the lead in S( tting a 
prominent example of dishonesty, by teaching a system of falsehoods, instead 
of the great truths of the Bible which they profess to believe. They ** preach 
for hire," and "divine for money;" thereby naking merchandize of the 



things of God. Many of those Kell-iiiade ministers, who profess to set ex- 
amples of piety to the people, are the " wolves in sheep's clothing," who 
devour the lambs of the flock under the garb of sanctity. 

The practice of deceiving ch-ldren is almost universally followed by pa- 
rents and nurses, and in this way they are most effectually taught dishonesty 
from their ( radle. Thus contaminating influence is forced upon the innocent 
pe iod of childhood, bv those who should be the guardians of its purity. 

Husbands deceive their wives, and wives their husbands, not only in the 
minor matter^ of every-day life, but by dishonouring their bodies by bieak- 
ing the sacred covenant of marriage, and then endeavouring to hide their 
shame by ialsehood, artifice, and deception. In doing this, thousands have 
severed tlie only bond which binds them to each other and their posterity ; 
and crushed chose sacred affections which are the only ground-work of hap- 
piness and the fountain of eternal lives. The general want of confidance 
between man and man is the natuial result of dishonesty. The increasing 
jealousy and distrust which prevade every association of life, lurk in the 
doiiiestic circle of the peasant, and drive peace from the throne of kings, are 
the canker-worms which is destroying the fountaii s of society, and produce- 
ing a general tendency to anarcl y and disorgination. 

This is A dark picture of the present condition of man, but dark as it is, it 
scarcely touches the reality. M ords have not been introduced into the vo- 
cabularies of languaore, which can express the extent of the iniquities now 
practised in the world. The genera